At Least One Diverse Hetero Atom In Same Ring Patents (Class 524/95)
  • Patent number: 6245839
    Abstract: This invention relates to a powder-coating composition made from at least two components comprising: (a) a film-forming resin composition; and (b) a transfer efficiency-enhancing amount of at least one additive compound comprising a 5- or 6-membered ring, the ring atoms of the ring comprising at least two heteroatoms; one heteroatom being nitrogen, the second heteroatom being selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur; said compound having at least one hydrocarbyl substituent of 1 to about 50 carbon atoms; wherein component (B) is incorporated into the powder coating composition by addition of component (B) to an extruded composition comprising components other than component (B). The invention also relates to a method of coating a substrate using the foregoing powder coating composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2001
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Scott T. Jolley, Charles F. Williams
  • Patent number: 6221284
    Abstract: The invention relates to transparent, photochromic or nonphotochromic organic materials, which have a refractive index higher than 1.55 and which are free of optical distortions, consisting of a copolymer of: (a) 50-90 wt. % of at least one monomer represented by the formula, in which R═H or CH3, and m and n are independently 1 or 2; (b) 10-30 wt. % of at least one aromatic monovinyl monomer represented by formula, R1═H or CH3; and (c) 1-20 wt. % of at least one (meth)acrylic monomer represented by formula, CH2=C(R)—COOR′ in which R═H or CH3 R′ is a straight-chain or branched C4 to C16 alkyl radical, an alkylaryl radical, or a polyoxyethoxylated group with formula —(CH2—CH2O)nR″ in which n=1 to 10 and R″═CH3 or C2H5. Optionally, the photochromic material may contain up to 10 wt. % of at least one photochromic coloring agent to impart desired photochromic properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2001
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Frederic H. Florent, David Henry, Xavier LaFosse
  • Patent number: 6174940
    Abstract: The present invention relates to mixtures comprising the compound I in a proportion of 65-95% by weight, the compound II in a proportion of 5-35% by weight and the compound III in a proportion of 0-10% by weight wherein the substituents are as defined in the description, and to mixtures with other compounds. The mixtures are suitable for stabilizing organic material against the effect of light and heat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2001
    Assignee: Clariant GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas St{umlaut over (a)}hrfeldt, Mathias Mehrer, Matthias Z{umlaut over (a)}h, Gerhard Pfahler
  • Patent number: 6172147
    Abstract: Mortar cement additives provide workability while retaining strength by employing a multi-stage polymer comprising a hydrophobically-modified, ionically-soluble polymer stage, the polymer being soluble at a pH of 6 and above; and an air-entraining agent. The additives also employ, as optional ingredients, set retarding agents and superplasticizers. Examplary methods of the invention involve addition of the multi-stage polymer and an air entraining agent to the mortar cement, preferably during intergrinding of Portland cement in the mill. Cement compositions comprising the polymer and an air-entraining agent are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2001
    Assignee: W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn.
    Inventors: Angel Abelleira, John Hallock
  • Patent number: 6166129
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel photochromic polyurethane consisting essentially of an isocyanate reactive mixture consisting essentially of: i) from about 40 to about 85% by weight of one or more polyols having a nominal functionality of from 2 to 4 and molecular weights of from 500 to 6000 g/mole; ii) from about 15 to about 60% by weight of one or more diols or triols or mixtures thereof having a functionality of from 2 to 3 and molecular weights of from 62 to 499; b) an aliphatic polyisocyanate having a functionality ranging from about 2 to about 3; and c) a photochromic compound selected from a group consisting of spirooxazines, fulgides, fulgimides, and naphthopyrans, wherein the photochromic compound is present in an amount of 0.01 to 5 parts per hundred parts by weight of the isocyanate reactive mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2000
    Assignee: Bayer Corporation
    Inventors: James W. Rosthauser, Karl W. Haider, Sivaram Krishnan, James N. Rieck
  • Patent number: 6153685
    Abstract: A thermoplastic composition featuring an improved resistance to thermally induced resin degradation is disclosed. The composition comprises (i) thermoplastic polycarbonate resin (ii) about 3 to 20 percent, relative to the total weight of (i) and (ii), of titanium dioxide, and (iii) an oligomer or polymer the structure of which features at least one pendant cyclic iminoether group per molecular chain. The amount of (iii) is that which is sufficient to improve the resistance of the composition to thermal degradation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2000
    Assignee: Bayer Corporation
    Inventors: Sivaram Krishnan, James B. Johnson
  • Patent number: 6107375
    Abstract: A thermoplastic composition featuring an improved resistance to hydrolysis is disclosed. The composition comprises (i) thermoplastic polycarbonate resin (ii) about 0.01 to 3 percent of a compound selected from the group consisting of phosphite and phosphonite and (iii) an additive amount of an oligomer or polymer the structure of which features at least one pendant cyclic iminoether group per molecular chain. The additive amount is that which is sufficient to improve the resistance of the polycarbonate resin to hydrolysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: Bayer Corporation
    Inventors: Sivaram Krishnan, James B. Johnson, Donald K. Booher
  • Patent number: 6034193
    Abstract: The invention relates to photochromic transparent organic materials presenting an index of refraction of more than 1.55, which are free of optical distortions and are prepared by radical polymerization of a polymerizable composition comprising:a) 80-95 wt % of at least one monomer represented by the general formula (I): ##STR1## where R=H or CH.sub.3, and m and n are independently 1 or 2; b) 5-20 wt % of at least one aromatic monovinyl monomer represented by the general formula (II): ##STR2## c) an effective quantity of at least one dye that imparts photochromic properties to the material, selected from the groups of spiroxazines, spiropyrans and chromenes;d) an effective quantity of a chain transfer agent; ande) an effective quantity of a radical polymerization initiator, characterized in that the chain transfer agent is a linear alkanethiol and the radical polymerization initiator is a diazo compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2000
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: David Henry, Jacques Vial
  • Patent number: 6031031
    Abstract: A thermoplastic molding composition comprisesA) from 1 to 97% by weight of a thermoplastic polyesterB) from 1 to 97% by weight of a polycarbonateC) from 1 to 40% by weight of an elastomer containing oxazoline groups and having a glass transition temperature (T.sub.g).ltoreq.0.degree. C.D) from 0.05 to 5% by weight of a bisoxazolineE) from 0 to 70% by weight of other additives and processing aids,where the total of the percentages by weight of components A) to E) is 100%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 29, 2000
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Martin Weber, Rolf Mulhaupt
  • Patent number: 6020406
    Abstract: A synergistic stabilizer mixture comprising a component a) and, for example, a component b), where component a) is at least one compound of the formula I ##STR1## in which R.sub.1 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 alkyl, C.sub.5 -C.sub.12 cycloalkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl-substituted C.sub.5 -C.sub.12 cycloalkyl, phenyl or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 alkyl-substituted phenyl,R.sub.2 is C.sub.3 -C.sub.10 alkylene,R.sub.3 is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.8 alkyl, O.sup..cndot., --CH.sub.2 CN, C.sub.3 -C.sub.6 alkenyl, C.sub.7 -C.sub.9 phenylalkyl, C.sub.7 -C.sub.9 phenylalkyl which is substituted on the phenyl radical by C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl; or C.sub.1 -C.sub.8 acyl, andn.sub.1 is a number from 1 to 50,and component b) is, for example, a compound of the formula ##STR2## in which n.sub.2 is a number from 2 to 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2000
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: Fran.cedilla.ois Gugumus
  • Patent number: 6005085
    Abstract: The present invention provides novel condensed azo compounds using bisamide compounds of 2-hydroxynaphthalene-3,6-dicarboxylic acid, amide, or ester as the couplers, which have excellent properties such as excellent water resistance, chemical resistance, solvent resistance, and heat resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Ueno Seiyaku Oyo Kenkyujo
    Inventors: Ryuzo Ueno, Masaya Kitayama, Kenji Minami, Hiroyuki Wakamori, Katsunori Tanikawa
  • Patent number: 5969014
    Abstract: A use for synergistic additives for polyamides is disclosed by forming a uniform and intimate mixture with polyamide with a component system selected from (I) (II) or (III) (on a weight basis) where(I) is from 0.01% to 1% of a sterically hindered phenyl phosphonite (Ia) with from 0.05% to 5% of a non-hydroxyl substituted oxanilide(Ib) (together 1a+1b), or Ia together with an aromatic di-carbonyl compound containing two hindered amine moieties (together Ia+c). Preferably the weight ratio of Ia to Ib and Ia to Ic is from 1:3 to 1:10, more preferably 1:4, 1:5 or 1:6 and most preferably 1:5; and(II) is from 0.05 to 5% of a non-hydroxyl substituted oxanilide containing at least two hindered amine groups (a) together with from 0.05 to 5% of the aromatic di-carbonyl compound (b), (II a+b),or (III) from 0.01% to 1% of a sterically hindered phenyl phosphonite, from 0.05 to 5% of a non-hydroxyl substituted oxanilide, and from 0.05 to 5% of an aromatic di-carbonyl compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Assignee: Clariant Finance (BVI) Limited
    Inventors: Joseph R. Webster, Klaus H. Stoll, Jan Malik, Mohamed Sidqi
  • Patent number: 5962683
    Abstract: A description is given of compounds of the formula I ##STR1## where r is 0 or 1 and y is a number from the range 1-3; X is a direct bond or --NR.sub.8 --, --CO--, --CONH-- or --COO-- or a divalent aliphatic or mixed aromatic-aliphatic C.sub.1 -C.sub.18 hydrocarbon radical;Z is an aromatic, aliphatic or mixed aromatic-aliphatic C.sub.3 -C.sub.18 hydrocarbon radical which is interrupted in the aliphatic moiety by one or more divalent functional groups, in each case in a carbon-carbon single bond, and/or in the aromatic or aliphatic moiety by one or more divalent functional groups, in each case in a carbon-hydrogen bond, possible functional groups being --O--, --NR.sub.8 --, --S--, --SO--, --SO.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corp.
    Inventors: Alfred Steinmann, Rolf Mulhaupt
  • Patent number: 5939493
    Abstract: A rubber composition comprising 100 parts by weight of a rubber component which comprises at least one type of rubber selected from the group consisting of natural rubber and diene synthetic rubbers, 0.1 to 10 parts by weight of at least one type of metal dithiophosphate represented by the following general formula, optionally 15 to 85 parts by weight of a reinforcing inorganic filler, and optionally a specific tertiary amine compound in an amount of 0.5 to 15% by weight of the amount of the reinforcing inorganic filler is provided.General formula ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.3 each independently represents an alkyl group or a cycloalkyl group, M represents an antimony atom, a zinc atom, a copper atom, or an iron atom, and n represents a valency of M.The rubber composition of the present invention exhibits excellent resistance to heat or resistance to heat aging (particularly excellent resistance to hardening and excellent fracture properties).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1999
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventor: Masahiro Hojo
  • Patent number: 5925150
    Abstract: A black colorant composition useful for coloring polyurethanes is provided having a red benzothiazole azo colorant which, when combined with a complementary blue and yellow colorant, exhibits low flairing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1999
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventors: Mark Edward Ragsdale, David Jesse Moody, Eric B. Stephens
  • Patent number: 5912286
    Abstract: A composition comprises a leachable organic compound distributed throughout a polymer matrix formed by reacting a fluoroepoxy compound of the formula: ##STR1## wherein x is an integer from 0 to 12, with a silicone amine curing agent of the formula: ##STR2## where n is the average degree of polymerization of the silicone amine curing agent and is 1 or greater. The leaching rate of the leachable organic compound is controlled by selecting the value of x in the fluoroepoxy compound and the value of n in the silicone amine curing agent. The composition may be used as a coating for protecting underwater substrates from fouling by marine organisms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 15, 1999
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: James R. Griffith, Stephen L. Snyder
  • Patent number: 5849820
    Abstract: Thermally stabilized resin compositions are provided which contain one or more cyclic iminoether compounds represented by formula (I), cyclic iminoester compounds represented by formula (II), or both and an amine thermal stabilizer, wherein X is as described herein, and A and B are each, independently, a single bond, substituted or unsubstituted alkylene selected from the group consisting of methylene, ethylene, propylene, butylene, 1-methylethylene, 1,1-dimethylethylene, 1,2-dimethylene, 1-ethylethylene, 1-1-diethylethylene, 1-propylethylene, 1-butylene, 1-hexylethylene, and 1-methyltrimethylene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1998
    Assignee: Kolon Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Kyung Min Kim, Sang Hee Jang, Eun Ha Park
  • Patent number: 5840788
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a UV light resistant, visibly transparent, urethane golf ball topcoat composition for use with UV curable inks and to golf balls incorporating such a topcoat. The topcoat includes an optical brightener that absorbs at least some ultraviolet light at wavelengths greater than about 350 nm, and emits visible light, and a light stabilizer package. The light stabilizer package includes at least one UV light absorber and, optionally, at least one light stabilizer, such as a HALS. The UV light absorber absorbs at least some UV light at wavelengths between about 200 nm and about 370 nm, and has an absorption peak at a wavelength between about 330 nm and about 360 nm and a UV light absorbance at a wavelength of about 350 nm that is at least about 3 times greater than the UV light absorbance at a wavelength of about 370 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1998
    Assignee: Acushnet Company
    Inventors: Mitchell E. Lutz, William Ellis Hatch, Brian Louis Zanotti
  • Patent number: 5821290
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a rubber composition reinforced by carbon lack and possibly silica, including at least one diene polymer functionalized or modified by an alkoxysilane derivative and at least one organosilane compound having a primary or secondary amine function or an imine function, which can be used for the manufacture of tires having, in particular, improved hysteresis properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1998
    Assignee: Compagnie Generale des Etablissements Micheline--Michelin & Cie
    Inventor: Gerard Labauze
  • Patent number: 5763511
    Abstract: The invention relates to organic photochromic materials consisting of a polymer matrix of optical quality and of at least one dye that imparts photochromic properties to the matrix, the dye being selected from spirooxazines, spiropyrans and chromenes. The polymer constituting the matrix is a copolymer of 30-95 wt % ethoxylated bisphenol A dimethacrylate and 5-70 wt % of a polyurethane oligomer having terminal di- or triacrylic or di- or trimethacrylic functionality. Such photochromic materials are most suitable for the production of ophthalmic and sun protection lenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1998
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: You-Ping Chan, David Henry, Remy Meyrueix, Jacques Jean Vial
  • Patent number: 5726225
    Abstract: A description is given of powder coating compositions comprisinga) an organic film-forming binder, andb) as corrosion inhibitor i) at least one compound of the formula I ##STR1## in which R.sub.1 is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkyl or C.sub.5 -C.sub.8 cycloalkyl,X is oxygen, sulfur or --NH--,Y is a direct bond, methylene, ##STR2## and Z is oxygen or ##STR3## and ii) at least one calcium-modified silicate pigment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 10, 1998
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Adalbert Braig, Hugh Stephen Laver
  • Patent number: 5723543
    Abstract: A thermoplastic elastomer composition is provided. The composition comprises a hydrogenated elastomeric block copolymer having at least two resinous endblocks of polymerized monovinyl aromatic compound and an elastomeric midblock of polymerized conjugated diene, a midblock plasticizer, and an ethylene-acrylate copolymer or terpolymer. The thermoplastic elastomer exhibits improved overmolding adhesion to polar matrices over compositions not containing the ethylene-acrylate polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1998
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Michael John Modic
  • Patent number: 5624981
    Abstract: Polyalkylpiperidine-containing acetic acid and 3-aminoacrylic acid derivatives I ##STR1## where R.sup.1 is hydrogen, C.sub.1 - to C.sub.6 -alkyl, formyl, C.sub.2 - to C.sub.6 -alkanoyl, C.sub.1 - to C.sub.12 -alkoxy, C.sub.5 - to C.sub.6 -cycloalkoxy, cyanomethyl, hydroxymethyl, 2-hydroxyethyl or a radical of the formula --CR.sup.3 =CH--CO--OR.sup.4, whereR.sup.3 is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -to C.sub.6 -alkyl or a radical of the formula --CO--OR.sup.4 andR.sup.4 is C.sub.1 - to C.sub.20 -alkyl, C.sub.5 - to C.sub.8 -cycloalkyl, C.sub.7 - to C.sub.18 -aralkyl, phenyl, tolyl or a radical of the formula --(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 O).sub.n H or --[CH(CH.sub.3)CH.sub.2 O].sub.n H, where n is a number from 1 to 30,X is O, NH or NR.sup.6, whereR.sup.6 is C.sub.1 - to C.sub.12 -alkyl, andY is hydrogen or a group of the formula =CH--NHR.sup.7 or =CH--NR.sup.6 R.sup.7, whereR.sup.7 is phenyl which can be substituted by one to three C.sub.1 - to C.sub.12 -alkyl, C.sub.1 - to C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1997
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Martin Holderbaum, Alexander Aumueller, Hubert Trauth
  • Patent number: 5599859
    Abstract: Provided is an ink composition suitable for an ink jet system, which comprises a pigment or a dye, an aqueous medium, a water soluble resin having an oxazolyl group or a fine particle having an oxazolyl group adsorbed on its outer surface and a compound having at least one carbonyl group wherein the composition has a viscosity of not more than 15 cp at 25.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1997
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masahiko Tonogaki, Yuko Suga, Akio Kashiwazaki, Aya Takaide
  • Patent number: 5573842
    Abstract: A plasticized polyvinylbutyral film comprising a plasticizer, polyvinylbutyral, and an optical brightener in an amount effective to improve the optical properties and reduce the yellowing of the film. The resulting films are useful as intermediate films in multilayer laminated glass panes, including silicate-containing panes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Matthias Gutweiler
  • Patent number: 5561178
    Abstract: A resin composition is provided containing a resin (preferably a thermoplastic resin) and an isoxazolidine. The composition exhibits enhanced melt stability and color stability. The composition is useful for making thermoplastic articles such as extruded sheet and film. Preferably the thermoplastic resin is a polyolefin such as polypropylene. A method for stabilizing thermoplastic polymers is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1996
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Vaikunth S. Prabhu
  • Patent number: 5409974
    Abstract: A golf ball with a visible outer layer containing a blend of about 0.01 -0.05 parts by weight of a thiophene-type optical brightener and about 0.008-0.025 parts by weight of a second optical brightener selected from the group consisting of 2,2'-(1,2-ethenediyldi-4,1-phenylene)bisbenzoxazole and derivatives thereof, the parts by weight of optical brightener being based upon 100 parts by weight of the polymeric material. The blend provides for a degree of whiteness comparable to that of 0.1 parts by weight of a thiophene-type optical brightener used alone, and provides for better solubility than results from the use of higher concentrations of 2,2'-(1,2-ethenediyldi-4,1-phenylene)bisbenzoxazole alone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 25, 1995
    Assignee: Lisco, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael J. Sullivan, Mark L. Binette
  • Patent number: 5376710
    Abstract: Compounds which comprise at least one group of the formula I or II ##STR1## and at least one polyalkylpiperidine group of the formula III ##STR2## in which R and R.sub.1 to R.sub.6 have the meaning indicated in claim 1, are effective stabilizers for organic materials against damage by light, oxygen and heat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1994
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Mario Slongo, Jean-Luc Birbaum, Jean Rody, Andreas Valet
  • Patent number: 5356952
    Abstract: Stabilized aqueous solutions of one or more 3-isothiazolones of the general Formula I or II ##STR1## are given, characterized in that they contain at least 0.1 wt. % taken on the total solution of a 3-isothiazolone, of a hydroperoxide-free organic and/or manganese-free inorganic oxidizing agent, as well as optionally a stabilizer for the oxidizing agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 18, 1994
    Assignee: Thor Chemie GmbH
    Inventor: Hans-Jurgen Schmidt
  • Patent number: 5352513
    Abstract: The invention discloses an oleophobic, hydrophobic, water repellent, moisture vapor and air permeable, heat sealable, microporous membrane material suitable for garment applications. The membrane material comprises a polyolefin polymer, a processing compound which is miscible with the polymer at its melt temperature but phase separates when the polymer is cooled to or below its melt temperature, and a fluorochemical composition. The membrane material is oriented in at least one direction. The membrane materials retain their repellency and moisture vapor permeable properties for extended periods of time in garment applications which expose the membrane materials to perspiration residues which are known to generally contaminate and ultimately destroy the repellency properties of conventional liquid repellent, moisture vapor permeable treatments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1994
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: James S. Mrozinski, Harold J. Seppala
  • Patent number: 5352714
    Abstract: Improved silicone-containing hydrogels are disclosed with enhanced wettability comprising a silicone-containing monomer, hydrophilic monomers, and a relatively non-polar ring-containing monomer able to be converted to a highly polar amino acid upon hydration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1994
    Assignee: Bausch & Lomb Incorporated
    Inventors: Yu-Chin Lai, Gary D. Friends, Paul L. Valint, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5322868
    Abstract: o-Hydroxyphenyl-s-triazines of formula I ##STR1## wherein n is 1 or 2 and R.sub.1 to R.sub.7 are as defined in claim 7, are good light stabilizers for coating compositions which contain a basic curing catalyst. In contradistinction to other UV absorbers, they do not cause discolorations in the presence of such catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 21, 1994
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Andreas Valet, Godwin Berner
  • Patent number: 5304587
    Abstract: A security composition for use with an ink composition including diphenyl guanidine and acrylic resin. The ink composition may further include a glycol ether and a plasticizer and can be printed on paper, for example in the word "VOID". If bleach is used to attempt to alter the document, the initially colorless ink will form a colored image in the shapes or letters printed on the paper. The ink composition is resistant to leaching upon contact with, for example, water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1994
    Assignee: Moore Business Forms, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas R. Oswald, James M. Raby
  • Patent number: 5304425
    Abstract: A chemical composition is provided for protecting, preserving, restoring and enhancing the appearance of rubber and polymer surfaces of de-icing boots on aircraft, particularly pneumatic de-icers. The chemical composition comprises the main elements of styrene acrylic emulsion polymer, polyethylene emulsion and polyolefin polymer emulsion, all mixed in distilled water. The preferred composition also includes 1,4 butanediol, polymethylsiloxane emulsion, potassium fluoroalkyl carboxylate, 12 benzisohiazolin 1-3, and ethylene glycol. A method of applying the composition to de-icer surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1994
    Inventor: Timothy A. Padgett
  • Patent number: 5260359
    Abstract: Flameproofed thermoplastic molding materials comprisesA) from 5 to 93.5% by weight of a thermoplastic polyamide,B) from 5 to 85% by weight of a polyphenylene ether, of which up to 40% by weight, based on B), may be replaced by an aromatic vinyl polymer,C) from 0.5 to 20% by weight of red or black phosphorus,D) from 1 to 20% by weight of a block copolymer which has a Shore A hardness>80 and has been formed from a conjugated diene and an aromatic vinyl compound,E) from 0 to 15% by weight of an impact modifying polymer other than D),F) from 0 to 45% by weight of a fibrous or particulate filler or a mixture of a fibrous with a particulate filler,G) from 0 to 20% by weight of customary additives in effective amounts,the percentages A) to G) adding up to 100%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1993
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Klaus Muehlbach, Peter Steiert, Wilfried Vogel, Armin Kurps
  • Patent number: 5260360
    Abstract: The invention discloses an oleophobic, hydrophobic, water repellent, moisture vapor and air permeable, heat sealable, microporous membrane material suitable for garment applications. The membrane material comprises a polyolefin polymer, a processing compound which is miscible with the polymer at its melt temperature but phase separates when the polymer is cooled to or below its melt temperature, and a fluorochemical composition. The membrane material is oriented in at least one direction. The membrane materials retain their repellency and moisture vapor permeable properties for extended periods of time in garment applications which expose the membrane materials to perspiration residues which are known to generally contaminate and ultimately destroy the repellency properties of conventional liquid repellent, moisture vapor permeable treatments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1993
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: James S. Mrozinski, Harold J. Seppala
  • Patent number: 5240971
    Abstract: The invention relates to silicone-polyether linear block copolymers of the formula ##STR1## wherein, R is hydrogen or a C.sub.(1-8) alkyl, alkoxyl or haloalkyl radical or a monovalent epoxy-functional organic radical;R.sup.1 is hydrogen or a C.sub.(1-8) alkyl or alkoxyl radical, or a monovalent epoxy-functional organic radical;provided that at least two R or R.sup.1 groups are either hydrogen or monovalent epoxy-functional organic radicals;R.sup.2 is a divalent alkylene radical;R.sup.3 is a C.sub.(2-6) alkyl or alkoxyl radical;n is a positive integer of about 4 to about 400;m is a whole number of from 0 to about 50; and, each of R, R.sup.1, R.sup.2 and R.sup.3 may be unsubstituted or substituted. The invention also relates to UV-curable compositions comprising the above-described compound, with or without a UV-detectable dye marker, and a process for making such a compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1993
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Richard P. Eckberg, Robert F. Agars
  • Patent number: 5214083
    Abstract: Blends of polyphenylene sulfides, polyphenylene ethers and certain polyamides are made more compatible by incorporating in the polymeric blend either citric, malic or agaricic acid or one of their derivatives, trimellitic anhydride acid chloride, oxazolinyl or epoxy-containing ethylenically unsaturated compounds, or oxazolinyl or epoxy-containing polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1993
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Tetsuji Kodaira, Hiromi Ishida, Hidekazu Kabaya
  • Patent number: 5213733
    Abstract: Synthetic textiles containing a photochromic pigment. The pigments are prepared by encapsulating a photochromic pigment in a thermoplastic polymer having a high melt flow index, mixed with a primary thermoplastic resin, and extruded at a temperature of less than 250.degree. C. through a spinnerette having a diameter of at least 0.3 ml.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1993
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Yean-Rong Hwu, Chi-Chung Bai, Li-Chang Tao, Der-Guey Luo, Andrew T. Hu
  • Patent number: 5189086
    Abstract: Polysubstituted N-hydrocarbyloxy hindered amines are effective light stabilizers in protecting organic substrates against the deleterious effects of actinic light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 23, 1993
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: James P. Galbo
  • Patent number: 5173357
    Abstract: Polyester film has a thickness of between 10 to 500 .mu.m and exhibits excellent tear strength retention against thermal history conditions. The film is prepared from a resin composition which includes 100 parts by weight of a polyester consisting essentially of alkylene terephthalate groups as the main recurring units in the polymer chain and between 0.1 to 5 parts by weight of a bisoxazoline compound incorporated thereinto. The film is usefully employed as a sterilizing bag or as a food-packaging material and can be laminated to anther sheet of film or to paper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1992
    Assignee: Polyplastics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshio Nakane, Yukihiko Kageyama, Kenji Hijikata
  • Patent number: 5171855
    Abstract: Piperidine-triazine compounds of the general formula (I) ##STR1## in which R.sub.1 is e.g. hydrogen or methyl, R.sub.2 is e.g. 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyloxy or 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidyloxy, m is e.g. 2,3 or 4 and, if m is 2, R.sub.3 is e.g. a group of the formula (IIIc) or (IIIe) ##STR2## in which R.sub.10 and R.sub.12 which can be identical or different are e.g. hydrogen, cyclohexyl, 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl or 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidyl, R.sub.11 is e.g. C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkylene, R.sub.14 is e.g. hydrogen or methyl and p is e.g. 2, and, if m is 3 or 4, R.sub.3 is e.g. a group of the formula (IV) ##STR3## in which R.sub.15 and R.sub.19 which can be identical or different are e.g. hydrogen 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl or 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidyl, R.sub.16, R.sub.17 and R.sub.18 which can be identical or different are e.g. C.sub.2 -C.sub.3 alkylene and q is e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1992
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Valerio Borzatta, Franca Masina
  • Patent number: 5169925
    Abstract: Novel polymeric polyalkyl-1-oxa-diazaspirodecanes of the formula I ##STR1## are very effective stabilizers for natural any synthetic polymers. They have very low volatility, high migration resistance and high thermal stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1992
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Georg Schmailzl, Gerhard Pfahler, Gunther Nowy
  • Patent number: 5155151
    Abstract: A thermoplastic resin composition having improved heat stability which comprises a thermoplastic resin which contains at least 5% by weight of an .alpha.-alkyl-substituted aromatic copolymer comprising .alpha.-alkyl-substituted aromatic vinyl compound and at least one other comonomer copolymerizable therewith, wherein the composition contains a metal-deactivating agent which has a molecular weight of not more than 2,000 and at least one group of the formula: ##STR1## or an organometallic colorant containing free metal in an amount of not more than 2,000 ppm, from which a molded article having no or less silver streaks can be produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1992
    Assignee: Sumitomo Naugatuck Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenji Hashimoto, Syuzi Takahashi, Hiroyuki Minematsu
  • Patent number: 5147910
    Abstract: Substituted 3H-1,3,2-oxazaphospholidines of formula I ##STR1## where R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, phenylalkyl or aryl, n is 1 to 4 and T is an n-valent aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon radical are effective in stabilizing organic materials against the deleterious effects of oxygen, heat and/or actinic radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1992
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Paul A. Odorisio, James L. Hyun, Sai P. Shum, Raymond Seltzer
  • Patent number: 5147911
    Abstract: Compounds of formula I ##STR1## wherein n is 2-4, R.sub.1 is alkyl, cycloalkyl, phenylalkyl, phenyl or a radical of formula II ##STR2## R.sub.2, R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, phenylalkyl or aryl, or R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 together are alkyl, R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl or phenylalkyl, R.sub.7 is hydrogen, alkyl or a group of the formula --(CH.sub.2).sub.k COOR.sub.8, where k is 0-2 and R.sub.8 is hydrogen or alkyl, and T is an n-valent hydrocarbon radical which may be interrupted by heteroatoms, are useful stabilizers for substrates subject to the deleterious effects of oxygen, heat and/or actinic radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1992
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Peter Hofmann, Paul A. Odorisio, Glen T. Cunkle, Don Sabrsula
  • Patent number: 5139885
    Abstract: A resin composition, being useful for coating on electric wire, comprises an aromatic polyester, a halogenated compound such as diol, diglycidyl and dicarboxylic acid and a di-heterocyclic compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1992
    Assignee: Polyplastics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshio Nakane, Yukihiko Kageyama, Hiroaki Konuma, Kenji Hijikata
  • Patent number: 5124378
    Abstract: N--OR.sub.1 substituted hindered amine light stabilizers impart outstanding stabilization properties to ambient cured coatings based on a variety of resins, the stabilized coatings exhibiting improved durability, weatherability, and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1992
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Rudolf A. Behrens, Andrew Mar
  • Patent number: 5112890
    Abstract: N-OR.sub.1 substituted hindered amine light stabilizers impart outstanding stabilization properties to acid catalyzed thermoset coating compositions providing enhanced resistance against the deleterious effects of light, moisture or oxygen without inhibition of cure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1992
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Rudolf A. Behrens, Roland A. E. Winter, Andrew Mar, Peter J. Schirmann, Raymond Seltzer, Roger F. Malherbe
  • Patent number: 5102929
    Abstract: The invention relates to mixtures of polyarylene sulphides, heterocyclic nitryoaryloxy compounds and optionally other additives. The mixtures are distinguished by good mechanical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1992
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Burkhard Kohler, Walter Uerdingen, Klaus Kraft, Hans-Detlef Heinz, Wolfgang Wehnert