Lactam Patents (Class 525/283)
  • Patent number: 9527250
    Abstract: Apparatus, systems and/or methods are provided to substantially reduce warping of a reinforced polymer. For example, by pre-stressing a glass component proportional to the difference between coefficients of linear expansions of glass and polymers, warping may be reduced when the resulting glass-polymer compound is cooled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2016
    Assignee: Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.
    Inventor: Umesh N. Gandhi
  • Patent number: 9080124
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of graft polymers obtained by polymerization in two stages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: EVONIK ROHMAX ADDITIVES GmbH
    Inventors: Markus Scherer, Klaus Hedrich, Alexander Dardin, Michael Mueller, Torsten Stoehr, Boris Eisenberg
  • Publication number: 20130034517
    Abstract: The present invention provides random copolymers containing phosphorylcholine and one or more functional agents, and methods of preparing such random copolymers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2010
    Publication date: February 7, 2013
    Applicant: Oligasis
    Inventors: Stephen A. Charles, D. Victor Perlroth
  • Patent number: 8110635
    Abstract: A method for producing a conjugated diene polymer is provided that includes a step of polymerizing a conjugated diene-containing monomer in a hydrocarbon solvent in the presence of an alkali metal catalyst, thus giving a polymer having a catalyst-derived alkali metal at one terminus of a polymer chain comprising a conjugated diene-based monomer unit, and a step of reacting the polymer obtained in the step of polymerizing and a trialkoxysilane compound represented by the formula below. (In the formula, Y and Z independently denote an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom, R1, R2, and R3 independently denote an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, m denotes an integer of 1 to 5, and n denotes an integer of 0 to 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2012
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Naoaki Maeda, Mayumi Oshima, Katsunari Inagaki
  • Publication number: 20110287992
    Abstract: The composition and preparation of multiple graft low molecular weight polymers useful as dispersants are described. The dispersants described are suitable for controlling sludge and varnish as well as soot. The product is useful as a lubricant additive and a fuel additive.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2010
    Publication date: November 24, 2011
    Applicant: Castrol Limited
    Inventors: Irwin L. Goldblatt, Richard P. Sauer, Shean-jer Chen
  • Patent number: 7956131
    Abstract: Lactam polymers has been modified with sodium borohydride (NaBH4) to yield lactam polymers bearing hydroxyl functional groups. These functional groups are useful for the covalent attachment of reactive groups, fluorescent probes, antimicrobial agents, bioactive factors, and drugs. The resulting as components for medical devices, specifically ophthalmic devices and more specifically contact lenses. Hydrogels based on these polymers are also useful for biomedical applications in the areas of drug delivery, tissue engineering, and implantable devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen C Arnold, Walter R Laredo
  • Publication number: 20110112249
    Abstract: The present invention provides an optical-use pressure-sensitive adhesive sheet, which includes a pressure-sensitive adhesive layer containing a polymer formed of one or more monomer ingredients containing, as an indispensable monomer ingredient, a monomer of which homopolymer has a glass transition temperature of not lower than ?10° C., said sheet having a moisture content of at least 0.65% by weight after stored in an environment at 60° C. and 95% RH for 120 hours. The pressure-sensitive adhesive layer is preferably an acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2010
    Publication date: May 12, 2011
    Applicant: NITTO DENKO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shou Takarada, Takahiro Nonaka, Hiroaki Kishioka, Hiroaki Fumoto, Tomohide Banba, Masayuki Okamoto, Masahito Niwa
  • Publication number: 20100168343
    Abstract: The invention provides compositions comprising at least one propylene-based polymer, at least one peroxide and at least one coagent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2008
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Inventors: William J. Harris, John D. Weaver, Nelson G. Rondan, Drew A. Davidock
  • Patent number: 7592151
    Abstract: A redox polymer for use in an electrochemical-based sensor includes a hydrophobic polymer backbone (e.g., a hydrophobic poly(methyl methacrylate) polymer backbone) and at least one hydrophilic polymer arm (such as a hydrophilic oligo(N-vinylpyrrolidinone) polymer arm) attached to the hydrophobic polymer backbone. The redox polymer also includes a plurality of redox mediators (e.g., ferrocene-based redox mediators) attached to the at least one hydrophilic polymer arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2009
    Assignee: Lifescan, Inc.
    Inventors: Zuifang Liu, James Jain Rodgers, Geoffrey Ulue
  • Publication number: 20090092655
    Abstract: Provided are surface modified contact lenses formed from one or more fumaric- or itaconic-containing prepolymers having reactive functionality that is complimentary to surface modifying polymers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2008
    Publication date: April 9, 2009
    Inventors: Weihong Lang, Yu-Chin Lai
  • Patent number: 7429630
    Abstract: A redox polymer for use in an electrochemical-based sensor includes a hydrophobic polymer backbone (e.g., a hydrophobic poly(methyl methacrylate) polymer backbone) and at least one hydrophilic polymer arm (such as a hydrophilic oligo(N-vinylpyrrolidinone) polymer arm) attached to the hydrophobic polymer backbone. The redox polymer also includes a plurality of redox mediators (e.g., ferrocene-based redox mediators) attached to the at least one hydrophilic polymer arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2008
    Assignee: Lifescan Scotland Limited
    Inventors: Zuifang Liu, James Jain Rodgers, Geoffrey Lillie
  • Patent number: 7351770
    Abstract: Ionic hydrophilic high molecular weight redox polymers for use in enzymatic electrochemical-based sensors include a hydrophilic polymer (such as a hydrophilic polymer backbone) with ionic portions (e.g., cationic monomers incorporated in the hydrophilic polymer backbone) and a plurality of attached redox mediators. The redox mediators can be, for example, covalently attached to the hydrophilic polymer in a pendant manner. An exemplary cationic hydrophilic high molecular weight redox polymer is synthesized by co-polymerization of a hydrophilic acrylamide monomer, [2-(acryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethyl ammonium chloride and vinyl ferrocene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2008
    Assignee: Lifescan, Inc.
    Inventors: Zuifang Liu, James Iain Rodgers, Geoffrey Lillie, Marco Fabio Cardosi
  • Patent number: 7323507
    Abstract: Dispersion concentrates are claimed which consist of: I) 10-80% by weight of a crosslinked copolymer obtained by polymerization of 1 to 50% by weight of a cyclic N-vinylcarboxamide and 49.99 to 98.99 by weight of acryloyldimethyltauric acid, II) 20-90% by weight of a phase selected from the group consisting of an emulsifier, an oil phase, and mixtures thereof, and III) up to 30% weight water based on the total weight of the stable dispersion concentrate. The stable dispersion concentrate is useful in preparing cosmetic, pharmaceutical, and dermatological compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2008
    Assignee: Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH
    Inventors: Matthias Löffler, Roman Morschhäuser, Livio Caribé Da Rocha
  • Patent number: 7109271
    Abstract: A redox polymer for use in an electrochemical-based sensor includes a hydrophobic polymer backbone (e.g., a hydrophobic poly(methyl methacrylate) polymer backbone) and at least one hydrophilic polymer arm (such as a hydrophilic oligo(N-vinylpyrrolidinone) polymer arm) attached to the hydrophobic polymer backbone. The redox polymer also includes a plurality of redox mediators (e.g., ferrocene-based redox mediators) attached to the at least one hydrophilic polymer arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2006
    Assignee: LifeScan, Inc.
    Inventors: Zuifang Liu, James Iain Rodgers, Geoffrey Lillie
  • Patent number: 7098171
    Abstract: New polymers, and their applications in water-based wellbore service fluids, such as, for example, drilling fluids, yield desirable filtration control and rheological properties to such fluids even after exposure to HTHP aging. Typical temperatures encountered during such aging are around 350–400° F. and the duration of the exposure is some significant time such as 16 hours or longer. Preferably, the polymers are random terpolymers of N-vinylcaprolactam, vinyl sulfonate monomer 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid, and monomer acrylamide, most preferably in a molar ratio of 15:20:65 respectively. The polymers reduce HTHP filtration volumes in fresh water, sea water, potassium chloride, and lime mud systems. The polymers may also be used to inhibit or reduce shale erosion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventor: Carl J. Thaemlitz
  • Patent number: 6929955
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an interactive system comprising at least one active surface of plastic from monomers containing at least one structural element derived from a carbon dioxide (A), and at least one substance associated to a linker with at least one structural element (B) capable of establishing a hydrogen bond, and involving an interaction between the structural elements (A) and (B). That interactive system is suitable for presenting and eliminating substances in liquids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2005
    Assignee: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e.V., Berlin
    Inventors: Elke Bucha, Götz Nowak
  • Patent number: 6875817
    Abstract: Separation of a variety of analytes that are polar, nonpolar and ionic using functionalized polymeric media is disclosed. Preformed rigid particles of highly crosslinked homopolymer of polyvinylidene compounds are functionalize using the residual vinyl groups onto which monovinyl compounds are covalently bonded through polymerization. The functionalization imparts desirable surface properties for separation applications such as liquid chromatography and solid phase extraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2005
    Assignee: Mallinckrodt Inc.
    Inventors: Nandkumar V. Deorkar, James Farina, Paul A. Bouis
  • Patent number: 6765081
    Abstract: A thermal responsive, water soluble polymer. The polymer comprises the co-polymerization product of: (a) 5˜95 wt % of N-isopropyl acrylamide (NIP); (b) 0.1˜80 wt % of 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone (VPD); and optionally, (c) 0.1˜30 wt % of acrylic acid (AA). As the proportion of component (b) VPD increases, the Lower Critical Solution Temperature (LCST) and water solubility of the polymer increases. On the other hand, as the proportion of component (c) AA increases, the Lower Critical Solution Temperature (LCST) decreases and the COOH reactive groups increases, which impart high reactivity to the copolymer. By adjusting the proportion of the monomers, a broad range of LCST can be manipulated from about 20 to 80° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Chih-Hsiang Lin, In-Mau Chen, Wen-Ling Lui
  • Patent number: 6686321
    Abstract: A grafted polyolefin containing one or more of N-vinylimidazole, 4-vinylpyridine, or other ethylenically-unsaturated nitrogen-containing or oxygen-containing graftable monomers grafted to a polyolefin copolymer is disclosed. The grafted polyolefin preferably has a weight average molecular weight of from about 20,000 to about 500,000, a polydispersity of less than about 10, and an ADT value of at least about 8. The grafted polyolefin can be defined as containing more than about 1.2% by weight of grafted monomer on a polyolefin, or as containing at least about 13 moles of graftable monomers per mole of polyolefin, or as having an asphaltene dispersancy test (ADT) value of at least about 8. Also described is a lubricating oil comprising a lubricant base oil and a grafted polyolefin as described above. Also described is a method of making a dispersant viscosity index improver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2004
    Assignee: Castrol Limited
    Inventors: Frederick J. Boden, Richard P. Sauer, Irwin L. Goldblatt, Michael E. McHenry
  • Publication number: 20040014898
    Abstract: A water-absorptive contact lens whose water content is in a range from 10% to 60% and which is formed of a polymeric material obtained by copolymerization of a polymerizable monomer composition that includes: (A) 20 to 70 wt. % of alkoxypolyethylene glycol (meth)acrylate having at least three ethylene glycol units, and (B) 30 to 80 wt. % of a silicon-containing macromonomer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2003
    Publication date: January 22, 2004
    Applicant: Menicon Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masuji Ichihara
  • Publication number: 20030171522
    Abstract: This invention discloses resilient, acrylic graft polymers comprising &agr;-methylene lact(one)(am) monomers such as &agr;-methylene-&ggr;-butyrolactone, and blends of such polymers with thermoplastic matrix resins.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 27, 2002
    Publication date: September 11, 2003
    Inventor: Charles J. Brandenburg
  • Publication number: 20030044376
    Abstract: N-halamine biocidal materials and coatings are provided. Monomeric oxazolidinones or hydantoins are homopolymerized or copolymerized with other monomers so as to produce materials or coatings, which upon exposure to solutions of chlorine or bromine become biocidal. The biocidal materials and coatings are effective at inactivating microorganisms upon surface contact and are regenerable following loss of efficacy upon further exposure to solutions of chlorine or bromine. Surfaces which could be treated with the materials and coatings include, but are not limited to: glass, plastic, metals, fibers, and wood for use in pool and tank liners, food wrappers, catheters, paints, tiles, shower walls, fabrics, sterile bandages, pipes, medical and dental coatings, preservatives, and the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2002
    Publication date: March 6, 2003
    Applicant: Auburn University
    Inventors: Shelby D. Worley, Michael W. Eknoian, Yanjun Li
  • Publication number: 20030032746
    Abstract: Hetero-telechelic polymers having the formula:
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 21, 2002
    Publication date: February 13, 2003
    Inventors: James A. Schwindeman, Robert J. Letchford, Conrad W. Kamienski, Roderic P. Quirk
  • Patent number: 6451287
    Abstract: Amphiphilic fluorinated block copolymers are disclosed which are useful for increasing the dispersability of particles, preferably drug particles, in a fluorine-containing propellant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2002
    Assignee: Smithkline Beecham Corporation
    Inventors: Joseph M. Desimone, Terri Johnson Carson, John F. Miller, Sharon Wells
  • Publication number: 20020042349
    Abstract: A grafted polyolefin containing one or more of N-vinylimidazole, 4-vinylpyridine, or other ethylenically-unsaturated nitrogen-containing or oxygen-containing graftable monomers grafted to a polyolefin copolymer is disclosed. The grafted polyolefin preferably has a weight average molecular weight of from about 20,000 to about 500,000, a polydispersity of less than about 10, and an ADT value of at least about 8. The grafted polyolefin can be defined as containing more than about 1.2% by weight of grafted monomer on a polyolefin, or as containing at least about 13 moles of graftable monomers per mole of polyolefin, or as having an asphaltene dispersancy test (ADT) value of at least about 8. Also described is a lubricating oil comprising a lubricant base oil and a grafted polyolefin as described above. Also described is a method of making a dispersant viscosity index improver.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2001
    Publication date: April 11, 2002
    Inventors: Frederick J. Boden, Richard P. Sauer, Irwin L. Goldblatt, Michael E. McHenry
  • Patent number: 6369163
    Abstract: There is described the use of monomeric and polymeric N-pyrrolidinone-containing compounds as compatibilizers for plastic compositions, a process for improving the compatibility of plastic compositions, the improved plastic compositions obtainable thereby as well as novel polymeric N-pyrrolidinone-containing compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2002
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Rudolf Pfaendner, Yefim Blyakhman
  • Patent number: 6300289
    Abstract: A grafted polyolefin containing one or more of N-vinylimidazole, 4-vinylpyridine, or other ethylenically-unsaturated nitrogen-containing or oxygen-containing graftable monomers grafted to a polyolefin copolymer is disclosed. The grafted polyolefin preferably has a weight average molecular weight of from about 20,000 to about 500,000, a polydispersity of less than about 10, and an ADT value of at least about 8. The grafted polyolefin can be defined as containing more than about 1.2% by weight of grafted monomer on a polyolefin, or as containing at least about 13 moles of graftable monomers per mole of polyolefin, or as having an asphaltene dispersancy test (ADT) value of at least about 8. Also described is a lubricating oil comprising a lubricant base oil and a grafted polyolefin as described above. Also described is a method of making a dispersant viscosity index improver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2001
    Assignee: Castrol Limited
    Inventors: Frederick J. Boden, Richard P. Sauer, Irwin L. Goldblatt, Michael E. McHenry
  • Patent number: 6294614
    Abstract: Modified polymers containing a poly(2-hydroxyethyl(meth)acrylate) chain as the hydrophilic polymer segment in which a hydrophobic polymer chain or a lipid residue of a sterol is bound to either end of the poly(2-hydroxyethyl(meth)acrylate) chain through a covalent bond or in which the poly(2-hydroxyethyl(meth)acrylate) chain is grafted onto the backbone chain at either end thereof. These modified polymers are excellent in compatibility with liquid or a living body, thus being advantageously usable particularly in medical fields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2001
    Assignee: K. K. Vayu
    Inventors: Kazunori Kataoka, Masao Kato, Yukio Nagasaki, Hotaka Ito, Teiji Tsuruta, Yasuhisa Sakurai, Teruo Okano, Ken Suzuki
  • Patent number: 6239227
    Abstract: Novel water-soluble or water-dispersible grafted copolymers comprising polyvinyl alcohol, vinylpyrrolidone or oxyalkylene oligomer or polymer units and hydrophilic copolymer units derived from ethylenically unsaturated anionic and amphoteric water-soluble monomers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2001
    Assignee: Rhodia Chimie
    Inventors: Harold Schoonbrood, Vance Bergeron, Jean-Pierre Marchand
  • Patent number: 6207779
    Abstract: The present invention provides a ring-opened polymer, which is prepared by reacting at least one pericyclic olefin elected from those represented by formulae (I) and (II) through ring-opening metathesis polymerization wherein A and B may be the same or different and are independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydrogen, C3-20 cyclic or pericyclic alkyl, C1-20 linear and branched alkyl, C6-20 aryl, C7-20 arylalkyl, C7-20 alkylaryl, silyl, alkylsilyl, germyl, alkylgermyl, alkoxycarbonyl, acyl, and a heterocylic group; or, A and B are linked together to form a C3-20 saturated or unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbon group or a substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclic group; C is selected from the group consisting of oxygen, sulfur,  —CH2—, and —SiH2—, wherein each R1 is independently selected from C1-20 alkyl and phenyl; each R is independently selected from hydrogen, halogen, and C1-20 alkyl; and each n is an integer from 1 to 6
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2001
    Assignees: Industrial Technology Research Institute, Everlight Chemical Industrial Corporation
    Inventors: Sheng-Yueh Chang, Bang-Chein Ho, Jian-Hong Chen, Tai-Sheng Yeh, Jui-Fa Chang
  • Patent number: 6207778
    Abstract: What is described herein are conditioning/styling terpolymers of vinylpyrrolidone (VP), dimethylaminopropyl methacrylamide (DMAPMA) and C9-C24 alkyl dimethylaminopropyl methacrylic acid quaternized monomers (QDMAPMA), in a defined compositional range. Hair and skin care compositions which include these terpolymers exhibit advantageous low tackiness and high humidity resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2001
    Assignee: ISP Investments Inc.
    Inventors: Janusz Jachowicz, Kou-Chang Liu, Roger L. Mc Mullen, Jr., Thomas Winkler
  • Patent number: 6187721
    Abstract: Soot in a lubricated diesel engine is effectively dispersed without adversely affecting the viscosity of the lubricant by using a particular lubricant. The lubricant utilized comprises a lubricant base stock (e.g. more than 75% by weight), a dispersant (e.g. from 0.2-less than 4% from a detergent inhibitor (D1) package), and a functionalized viscosity index improver (e.g. from 0.1-2.5% by solids weight). The functionalized viscosity index improver is a highly functionalized graft copolymer reaction product of an oxygen, a nitrogen, or an oxygen and nitrogen containing, ethylenically unsaturated, aliphatic or aromatic monomer having from 2 to about 50 carbon atoms grafted onto a polyolefin copolymer. Also, 0-2.5% by solids weight of another viscosity index improver besides the highly functionalized graft copolymer reaction product may be added, as well as other conventional additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2001
    Assignee: Castrol Limited
    Inventors: Irwin Goldblatt, Michael McHenry, Kenneth Henderson, Danny Carlisle, Niall Ainscough, Myron Brown, Richard Tittel
  • Patent number: 6160054
    Abstract: Hetero-telechelic polymers having the formula:FG--(Q).sub.d --Z--J--[A(R.sup.1 R.sup.2 R.sup.3)].sub.x (I)wherein FG is a protected or non-protected functional group; Q is a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbyl group derived by incorporation of a compound selected from the group consisting of conjugated diene hydrocarbons, alkenylsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbons, and mixtures thereof; d is an integer from 10 to 200; Z is a branched or straight chain hydrocarbon group which contains 3-25 carbon atoms, optionally containing aryl or substituted aryl groups; J is oxygen, sulfur, or nitrogen; [A(R.sup.1 R.sup.2 R.sup.3)].sub.x is a protecting group, wherein A is an element selected from Group IVa of the Periodic Table of Elements; R.sup.1, R.sup.2, and R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2000
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: James A. Schwindeman, Robert J. Letchford, Conrad W. Kamienski, Roderic P. Quirk
  • Patent number: 5874389
    Abstract: A grafted polyolefin containing one or more of N-vinylimidazole, 4-vinylpyridine, or other ethylenically-unsaturated nitrogen-containing or oxygen-containing graftable monomers grafted to a polyolefin copolymer is disclosed. The grafted polyolefin preferably has a weight average molecular weight of from about 20,000 to about 500,000, a polydispersity of less than about 10, and an ADT value of at least about 8. The grafted polyolefin can be defined as containing more than about 1.2% by weight of grafted monomer on a polyolefin, or as containing at least about 13 moles of graftable monomers per mole of polyolefin, or as having an asphaltene dispersancy test (ADT) value of at least about 8. Also described is a lubricating oil comprising a lubricant base oil and a grafted polyolefin as described above. Also described is a method of making a dispersant viscosity index improver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 23, 1999
    Assignee: Castrol Limited
    Inventors: Frederick J. Boden, Richard P. Sauer, Irwin L. Goldblatt, Michael E. McHenry
  • Patent number: 5814586
    Abstract: A grafted polyolefin containing at least about 13 moles of N-vinylimidazole or other ethylenically-unsaturated nitrogen-containing and/or oxygen-containing monomers per mole of a grafted polyolefin backbone is disclosed. The graft polyolefin has a weight average molecular weight of from about 20,000 to about 500,000 and a polydispersity of less than about 10. The grafted polyolefin can alternatively be defined as containing more than about 1.2% by weight of grafted monomer on a polyolefin. Also described is a lubricating oil comprising a lubricant base oil and a grafted polyolefin as described above. Also described is a method of making a dispersant-viscosity index improver. N-vinylimidazole or other ethylenically unsaturated nitrogen-containing and/or oxygen-containingmonomers and a graftable polyolefin are reacted with enough of an initiator to graft at least about 13 moles of the monomer to each mole of the polyolefin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1998
    Assignee: Castrol Limited
    Inventors: Frederick J. Boden, Richard P. Sauer, Irwin L. Goldblatt, Michael E. McHenry
  • Patent number: 5739210
    Abstract: Polymers comprising reversible hydrophobic functionalities are disclosed. The preferred embodiment polymers comprise Lewis acid segments and Lewis base segments. The polymer segments are, by themselves, hydrophilic and will either swell or dissolve in water. When the segments are incorporated into a polymer according to the present invention, the segments form water-insoluble or hydrophobic complexes. Upon changes in pH, temperature or solvent type, these complexes may dissociate, giving large transitions in polymer viscosity, emulsification ability, mechanical strength or transport properties. These polymers are useful as reversible emulsifiers which form stable emulsions at acidic pH and unstable emulsions at basic pH, as water-borne thickeners having low viscosity at low pH and high viscosity at high pH, as superabsorbing resins, or as coatings for pharmaceutical or agricultural agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1998
    Assignee: Michigan State University
    Inventors: Alec B. Scranton, Arvind M. Mathur, John Klier
  • Patent number: 5726250
    Abstract: A covalently crosslinked absorbent graft copolymer is provided comprised of a water-soluble base monomer and a water-soluble or water-dispersible macromer. In a preferred embodiment, the water-soluble base monomer comprises a carboxylic hydroxyalkyl ester monomer and the water-soluble macromer comprises an ethoxylated or propoxylated hydroxyalkyl (meth)acrylate. The covalently crosslinked absorbent graft copolymer exhibits desirable water absorbency and water vapor transmission rates and may be used in a variety of medical applications such as a wound dressing, medical adhesive or biomedical electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 10, 1998
    Assignee: Adhesives Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael J. Zajaczkowski
  • Patent number: 5710211
    Abstract: According to the present invention, there are provided a process for producing a vinyl alcohol polymer comprising reaction of a vinyl ester polymer (A) having an epoxy group with a compound (B) having a thiol or thioester group and hydrolysis thereof, said hydrolysis being conducted during or after said reaction; and a process for producing a vinyl alcohol polymer comprising reaction of a vinyl ester polymer (C) having a thiol or thioester group with a compound (D) having an epoxy group and hydrolysis thereof, said hydrolysis being conducted during or after said reaction. According to the present invention, it is possible to efficiently introduce into PVA various functional groups having excellent reactivity, crosslinkability, ionic interactivity, water-solubility, interfacial physical properties, low-temperature flexibility, etc., under relatively mild reaction conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 20, 1998
    Assignee: Kuraray Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshiaki Sato, Naoki Fujiwara, Atsushi Jikihara
  • Patent number: 5705553
    Abstract: Copolymers containing carboxyl groups in aqueous dispersion form or redispersible powder form and their water-soluble salts, based on ethylenically unsaturated and copolymerizable monomers, the macro-molecules of which contain at least 24% by weight of monomer units carrying carboxyl groups prepared, by emulsion copolymerization initiated by free radicals in the presence of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) or polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) dissolved in the aqueous phase and isolation of the copolymers in aqueous dispersion form, and optionally subsequent removal of water by spray drying to obtain redispersible copolymer powders and processes for their preparation and their use as thickeners in aqueous formulations which copolymers, by conversion into their water-soluble salt forms, are useful as thickening agents having a surprisingly advantageous rheology-modifying action in aqueous systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1998
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Rolf Kuropka
  • Patent number: 5700873
    Abstract: A method is provided for the production of a water-soluble or water-dispersible copolymer. The copolymer is comprised of a water-soluble base monomer and/or a water-soluble or water-dispersible macromer. The disclosed method involves a two step polymerization procedure wherein in a first step a minor portion of the reactants are polymerized to conversion under conditions which result in the formation of a low molecular weight product, and in a second step the remaining portion of the reactants are polymerized to conversion in the presence of the reaction product of the first step under conditions which result in the production of a higher molecular weight product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 23, 1997
    Assignee: Adhesives Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael J. Zajaczkowski, Barbara A. Stutzman
  • Patent number: 5663126
    Abstract: A grafted polyolefin containing N-vinylimidazole, 4-vinylpyridine, or other ethylenically-unsaturated nitrogen- or oxygen-containing graftable monomers grafted to a polyolefin copolymer. The grafted polyolefin preferably has a weight average molecular weight of from about 20,000 to about 500,000 and a polydispersity of less than about 10. The grafted polyolefin can contain more than about 1.2% by weight of grafted monomer or 13 or more moles of graftable monomers per mole of polyolefin and have an asphaltene dispersancy test (ADT) value of at least about 8. Also described is a lubricating oil comprising such a grafted polyolefin. Also described is a method of making a grafted polyolefin dispersant viscosity index improver by adding the graft monomer or the initiator slowly during the reaction. The present reaction can optionally be carried out by providing a melted reactant composition in an extruder or other polymeric mixer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 2, 1997
    Assignee: Castrol Limited
    Inventors: Frederick J. Boden, Richard P. Sauer, Irwin L. Goldblatt, Michael E. McHenry
  • Patent number: 5625006
    Abstract: Adhesive beads comprise a core comprising a pressure sensitive adhesive material and an essentially discontinuous organic polymer disposed about the core. The beads are free-flowing at room temperature. Upon application of heat and/or pressure the core is activated and blends with the coating to provide a pressure sensitive adhesive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1997
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Joseph P. Callahan, Jr., Rudyard M. Enanoza, Mark D. Weigel
  • Patent number: 5565268
    Abstract: A water-soluble or water-dispersible pressure sensitive adhesive is provided comprised of a normally-tacky copolymer of a water-soluble base monomer and a water-soluble or water-dispersible macromer. In a preferred embodiment, the water-soluble base monomer comprises a carboxylic hydroxyalkyl ester monomer and the water-soluble macromer comprises an ethoxylated or propoxylated hydroxyalkyl (meth)acrylate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1996
    Assignee: Adhesives Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael J. Zajaczkowski
  • Patent number: 5536786
    Abstract: Adhesive beads comprise a core comprising a pressure sensitive adhesive material and an essentially discontinuous organic polymer disposed about the core. The beads are free-flowing at room temperature. Upon application of heat and/or pressure the core is activated and blends with the coating to provide a pressure sensitive adhesive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 16, 1996
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Joseph P. Callahan, Jr., Rudyard M. Enanoza, Mark D. Weigel
  • Patent number: 5523008
    Abstract: A grafted polyolefin containing at least about 13 moles of N-vinylimidazole or other ethylenically-unsaturated nitrogen-containing and/or oxygen-containing monomers per mole of a grafted polyolefin backbone is disclosed. The graft polyolefin has a weight average molecular weight of from about 20,000 to about 500,000 and a polydispersity of less than about 10. The grafted polyolefin can alternatively be defined as containing more than about 1.2% by weight of grafted monomer on a polyolefin. Also described is a lubricating oil comprising a lubricant base oil and a grafted polyolefin as described above. Also described is a method of making a dispersant-viscosity index improver. N-vinylimidazole or other ethylenically unsaturated nitrogen-containing and/or oxygen-containing monomers and a graftable polyolefin are reacted with enough of an initiator to graft at least about 13 moles of the monomer to each mole of the polyolefin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1996
    Assignee: Castrol Limited
    Inventors: Frederick J. Boden, Richard P. Sauer, Irwin L. Goldblatt, Michael E. McHenry
  • Patent number: 5508367
    Abstract: A water-soluble or water-dispersible pressure sensitive adhesive is provided comprised of a normally-tacky copolymer of a water-soluble base monomer and a water-soluble or water-dispersible macromer. In a preferred embodiment, the water-soluble base monomer comprises a carboxylic hydroxyalkyl ester monomer and the water-soluble macromer comprises an ethoxylated or propoxylated hydroxyalkyl (meth)acrylate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 16, 1996
    Assignee: Adhesives Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael J. Zajaczkowski
  • Patent number: 5502086
    Abstract: A water-absorptive contact lens obtained by saponification of a copolymer composed essentially of (A) from 1 to 30% by weight of a (meth)acrylate polymer having at least one polymerizable group per molecule on an average obtained by copolymerizing (a) an alkyl (meth)acrylate and (b) a monomer having at least two polymerizable groups per molecule, as the main components; (B) from 45 to 95% by weight of a fatty acid vinyl ester; (C) from 0.02 to 10% by weight of a crosslinking agent which is not decomposable by saponification; and (D) from 0.1 to 20% by weight of a crosslinking agent which is decomposable by saponification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 26, 1996
    Assignee: Menicon Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Haruyuki Hiratani, Keiji Sugimoto
  • Patent number: 5496295
    Abstract: Multilayered barrier structures comprising a gas barrier layer of a non-chlorine containing organic polymer which is substantially impermeable to oxygen gas and a moisture barrier layer of a mesophase propylene-based material are provided. These structures are environmentally compatible and radiation resistant, and exhibit one or more additional properties, including gas barrier properties, moisture barrier properties, toughness, heat sealability, softness, and quietness during wrinkling. Also provided are methods of preparing and using such multilayered barrier structures, and articles, such as films, pouches, and tubings, formed from these structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1996
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Debra L. Wilfong, Richard J. Rolando
  • Patent number: 5461125
    Abstract: The present invention provides:A core-shell insert latex composition comprising latex particles, each latex particle comprising:(a) a core comprising a (co)polymer comprising (meth)acrylate ester;(b) a shell, surrounding the core, comprising a copolymer, wherein the copolymer comprises:(i) a nitrogen-bearing ethylenically-unsaturated free-radically polymerizable monomer;(ii) at least one (meth)acrylate ester of about a C.sub.1 to about a C.sub.14 alcohol; and(iii) an optional ethylenically-unsaturated free-radically polymerizable silane monomer; wherein the nitrogen-bearing ethylenically-unsaturated free-radically polymerizable monomer comprises from about 15 to about 60 percent by weight of the shell and further wherein the core comprises from about 40 to about 85 percent of the weight of the total core-shell latex particle.The invention also relates to the use of the core-shell latex composition as a binder or primer for coatings and adhesives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1995
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Ying-Yuh Lu, Chi-Ming Tseng, James E. Bunker, Terrence E. Cooprider, Ronald W. Most, Gregory J. Stanich
  • Patent number: 5457158
    Abstract: A process is described for preparing blends of fluorocarbon plastomers such as vinylidene fluoride polymers with fluorosilicone elastomers to obtain materials having a unique combination of flexibility at low temperature and high mechanical strength. Vinylidene fluoride polymer is first exposed to radiation and then mixed with the fluorosilicone. Coagents such as diallylphtalate and triallylisocyanurate are also used to assist in grafting and compatibilizing the two polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1995
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Gerardo Caporiccio, Liberato Mascia