Mixed With Unsaturated Reactant Or Polymer Derived Therefrom Patents (Class 525/518)
  • Patent number: 8802791
    Abstract: An abrasive product includes a plurality of abrasive particles and a resin cured with a polythiol group. A method of preparing the abrasive product includes contacting the plurality of abrasive particles with a curable composition that includes a resin and a polythiol group, and curing the curable composition to produce the abrasive product. A method of abrading a work surface includes applying an abrasive product to a work surface in an abrading motion to remove a portion of the work surface. A curable composition includes a formaldehyde resin and a polythiol group. A formaldehyde resin is crosslinked by a polythiol group. A method of crosslinking the formaldehyde resin includes reacting the polythiol group with the formaldehyde resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignees: Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc., Saint-Gobain Abrasifs
    Inventors: Anthony C. Gaeta, William C. Rice
  • Patent number: 8802197
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of producing an article comprising an interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) and an IPN comprising article e.g. obtainable by this method. The method comprises providing a polymer substrate e.g. shaped to provide the desired article and applying it in a reaction chamber, providing at least one monomer for an interpenetrating polymer, exposing said polymer substrate in said reaction chamber to said at least one monomer in the presence of an impregnation solvent comprising CO2 under conditions wherein said CO2 is in its liquid or supercritical state and polymerizing and optionally cross linking said at least one monomer to form an interpenetrating polymer in the presence of a polymerization solvent under conditions wherein at least a part of said at least one monomer is dissolved in said polymerization solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: PTT Holding APS
    Inventors: Martin Alm, Maike Benter, Anne Marie Jensen, Joachim Karthäuser, Kjeld Schaumburg
  • Patent number: 8541517
    Abstract: Stable, high performance polymer compositions including polybenzimidazole (PBI) and a melamine-formaldehyde polymer, such as methylated, poly(melamine-co-formaldehyde), for forming structures such as films, fibers and bulky structures. The polymer compositions may be formed by combining polybenzimidazole with the melamine-formaldehyde polymer to form a precursor. The polybenzimidazole may be reacted and/or intertwined with the melamine-formaldehyde polymer to form the polymer composition. For example, a stable, free-standing film having a thickness of, for example, between about 5 ?m and about 30 ?m may be formed from the polymer composition. Such films may be used as gas separation membranes and may be submerged into water for extended periods without crazing and cracking. The polymer composition may also be used as a coating on substrates, such as metal and ceramics, or may be used for spinning fibers. Precursors for forming such polymer compositions are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC
    Inventors: John R. Klaehn, Eric S. Peterson, Christopher J. Orme
  • Patent number: 8415437
    Abstract: The present invention relates to melamine-formaldehyde resins bearing (meth)acrylic groups, to processes for preparing them, to their use, and to coating compositions comprising them.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Reinhold Schwalm, Christine Roesch
  • Publication number: 20130072643
    Abstract: Fluoroelastomer compositions comprising fluoroelastomers having copolymerized units of a nitrile-containing cure site monomer are cured with certain carbazates. The carbazate is of the general formula R1OC(O)NHNHR2, wherein R1 is 9-fluorenylmethyl, benzyl, aryl, or a heterocycle; R2 is H, alkyl, aryl, heterocycle, CO2R3 or CH2R4; R3 is alkyl, aryl, benzyl or a heterocycle; and R4 is a fluoroalkyl group.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Publication date: March 21, 2013
    Applicant: E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: CHRISTOPHER J. BISH, Peter A. Morken
  • Publication number: 20130021565
    Abstract: There is provided a material that exhibits high solvent resistance after the formation of a cured film, excellent photo-alignment capability relative to a polymerizable liquid crystal, satisfactory heat resistance, and high transparency and moreover, that can be dissolved in a glycol-based solvent, a ketone-based solvent, or a lactic acid ester-based solvent that is applicable to the production of an overcoating of a color filter, during the formation of the cured film. A composition for forming thermoset film having photo-alignment properties and containing a component (A) that is a compound having a photo-aligning group and a hydroxy group, a component (B) that is a melamine formaldehyde resin, and a component (C) that is a crosslinker.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2011
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Applicant: NISSAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Tadashi Hatanaka, Mitsumasa Kondo
  • Publication number: 20110236312
    Abstract: The invention provides compounds that comprise a 4?-thio nucleoside that is a derivative of 4?-thiothymidine or 4?-thio-2?-deoxyuridine comprising a positron or single photon emitting radioisotope or corresponding non-radioactive isotope attached via a triazole link to the N-3 position. Methods for preparing such compounds and uses of the compounds in medicine are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2009
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Applicant: IMPERIAL INNOVATIONS LIMITED
    Inventors: Eric Ofori Aboagye, Graham Smith
  • Publication number: 20110230586
    Abstract: The present invention relates to melamine-formaldehyde resins bearing (meth)acrylic groups, to processes for preparing them, to their use, and to coating compositions comprising them.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Publication date: September 22, 2011
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Reinhold Schwalm, Christine Roesch
  • Patent number: 7842756
    Abstract: A copolymer and a process of making the copolymer are disclosed. The copolymer is produced from reacting a glycidyl ester and/or ether with a polyol comprising a functionality of at least 2 wherein at least 50% by weight of the copolymer comprises a minimum of 3n+X repeating units, wherein n is a monomer unit and X is a monomer unit and/or other reactant. The copolymer may also include less than 50% of the polymeric units having the same molecular weight. The present invention is further directed to processes for preparing the copolymer and to coating compositions employing the copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2010
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan T. Martz, Erick B. Iezzi
  • Patent number: 7772333
    Abstract: Film-forming materials include resins and/or crosslinkers having a —Si(OR)3 group. Film-forming resins can include epoxy, acrylic, polyurethane, polycarbonate, polysiloxane, polyvinyl, polyether, aminoplast, and polyester resins. A process to produce a film-forming resin includes reacting various polymers to incorporate a pendent group comprising a —Si(OR)3 group. Film-forming resins can be used in methods of producing coating compositions. Coating compositions can be used to coat a substrate, such as a metal substrate, by electrodeposition. Applied coatings containing the film-forming resins can be cured to form crosslinked films on substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2010
    Assignee: BASF Coatings GmbH
    Inventors: Sergio Gonzalez, Timothy S. December
  • Patent number: 7772334
    Abstract: A crosslinker for polymerizing a film-forming material including an alkyl or aromatic compound comprising at least two functional groups reactive with a film-forming resin and at least one pendent group having a nonionic metal coordinating structure. Coating compositions can include a film-forming material and the crosslinker. The coating compositions can be used to coat a substrate, such as a metal substrate. Applied coating layers on substrates can be cured to form coating films.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2010
    Assignee: BASF Coatings GmbH
    Inventors: Timothy S. December, Sergio Gonzalez, Günther Ott, Karl-Heinz Grosse-Brinkhaus
  • Patent number: 7514478
    Abstract: Powder coating binders having a glass temperature of ?35° C. containing at least one polymer and one or more radiation-curing reactive thinners, a process for the production of these powder coating binders and their use as a component of powder coatings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2009
    Assignee: Bayer MaterialScience AG
    Inventors: Thomas Fäcke, Jan Weikard, Peter Thometzek
  • Publication number: 20080262144
    Abstract: The invention relates to aqueous, radiation-curable resins, to a process for preparing them, and to their use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2003
    Publication date: October 23, 2008
    Applicant: DEGUSSA GMBH
    Inventors: Patrick Glockner, Lutz Mindach
  • Patent number: 7425594
    Abstract: A copolymer and a process of making the copolymer are disclosed. The copolymer is produced from reacting a glycidyl ester and/or ether with a polyol comprising a functionality of at least 2 wherein at least 50% by weight of the copolymer comprises a minimum of 3n+X repeating units, wherein n is a monomer unit and X is a monomer unit and/or other reactant. The copolymer may also include less than 50% of the polymeric units having the same molecular weight. The present invention is further directed to processes for preparing the copolymer and to coating compositions employing the copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2008
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan T. Martz, Stephen J. Thomas
  • Patent number: 7342077
    Abstract: An acrylic composition, or star acrylic polymer, includes the reaction product of an initiator, a first compound, and a highly-branched, polyfunctional core molecule. The initiator has a radical-forming portion and a functional group. The first compound, which includes a vinyl functional group, is reactive with the initiator to form a functionalized intermediate. The core molecule is reactive with the functionalized intermediate to form the acrylic composition. A method of forming the acrylic composition via free-radical polymerization includes the steps of reacting the initiator and the first compound to form the functionalized intermediate, and reacting the core molecule with the functionalized intermediate to form the acrylic composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2008
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventor: Swaminathan Ramesh
  • Publication number: 20080051526
    Abstract: A coating composition for coating metal substrates includes polyurethane polyol (PUPO) and iron carbonyl to provide a coating with excellent weldability and corrosion resistance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2005
    Publication date: February 28, 2008
    Applicant: AKZO NOBEL COATINGS INTERNATIONAL B.V.
    Inventors: Alexander Yahkind, Robert Liedtke, Christy Stine
  • Patent number: 7012719
    Abstract: The aperture correction system variably adjusts a correction efficient value based upon a sign and an original relative light intensity value or its equivalent. Because the correction is relative light intensity sensitive, the aperture correction is optimized, and the average light intensity is maintained before and after the aperture correction for natural appearance of the image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2006
    Assignee: Ricoh Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Sadao Takahashi
  • Patent number: 6979719
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a coating composition comprising a compound comprising at least one bicyclo-orthoester group and at least one other functional group. The invention also comprises a process for curing the present coating composition. Further, a process for making a bicyclo-orthoester-functional compound from the corresponding oxetane compound is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2005
    Assignee: Akzo Nobel N.V.
    Inventors: Klaus Hobel, Huig Klinkenberg, Arie Noomen
  • Patent number: 6846572
    Abstract: The invention relates to a curable composition comprising (A) particles prepared by bonding at least one oxide of an element selected from the group consisting of silicon, aluminum, zirconium, titanium, zinc, germanium, indium, tin, antimony, and cerium, and an organic compound which comprises a polymerizable group, (B) a compound having a melamine group and one or more polymerizable groups and (C) a compound having at least two polymerizable groups in the molecule other than the component (B); and to cured products and laminates with a with low reflectance and superior chemical resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2005
    Assignees: DSM IP Assets B.V., JSR Corporation, Japan Fine Coatings Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshikazu Yamaguchi, Takao Yashiro, Isao Nishiwaki, Takashi Ukachi
  • Publication number: 20040266958
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for formation of a preformed stabilizer for use in formation of graft polyols. The preformed stabilizer has a reduced level of transesterification products and results in less reactor fouling. The preformed stabilizer is prepared in the presence of phosphorous compounds, which reduces the unwanted transesterification products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2003
    Publication date: December 30, 2004
    Inventors: Joseph P. Borst, Mao-Yao Huang, David D. Peters
  • Patent number: 6770169
    Abstract: A method for improving the balance of tensile strength and tear strength of cured urea formaldehyde (UF) resin-bound glass fiber nonwoven mats; the glass fiber nonwoven mats produced by the method, and a phosphate-containing binder composition useful in the method. The mats are useful in, for example, the manufacture of roofing shingles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Assignee: Dow Reichhold Specialty Latex LLC
    Inventor: Karen L. Wallace
  • Patent number: 6653411
    Abstract: Improved anti-reflective coating compositions for use in integrated circuit manufacturing processes and methods of forming these compositions are provided. Broadly, the compositions are formed by heating a solution comprising a compound including specific compounds (e.g., alkoxy alkyl melamines, alkoxy alkyl benzoguanamines) under acidic conditions so as to polymerize the compounds and form polymers having an average molecular weight of at least about 1,000 Daltons. The monomers of the resulting polymers are joined to one another via linkage groups (e.g., —CH2—, —CH2—O—CH2—) which are bonded to nitrogen atoms on the respective monomers. The polymerized compound is mixed with a solvent and applied to a substrate surface after which it is baked to form an anti-reflective layer. The resulting layer has high k values and can be formulated for both conformal and planar applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2003
    Assignee: Brewer Science, Inc.
    Inventors: Rama Puligadda, Runhui Huang
  • Patent number: 6624249
    Abstract: A crosslinking agent which is an ungelled reaction product of (a) at least one aminoplast resin, (b) at least one polyfunctional polymer having functional groups reactive with aminoplast resin (a) and having a glass transition temperature of at least 15° C.; and (c) at least one compound different from (b) having active hydrogen groups reactive with aminoplast resin (a) is provided. Also provided is a method for preparing the crosslinking agent. Further provided is a powder coating composition which includes the crosslinking agent. Additionally provided is a multi-layer composite coating composition having a base coat layer and a top coat over the base coat deposited from the previously described powder coating composition. Coated substrates are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2003
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald R. Ambrose, Anthony M. Chasser, Shengkui Hu, Jackie L. Smith
  • Patent number: 6586097
    Abstract: These crosslinked microparticles between 10-300 nm in size are obtained by dispersion polymerization, in non-aqueous medium which is non-solvent for the polymer formed, of a composition of ethylenically unsaturated polymerizable compounds, comprising: at least one monomer A, comprising only one ethylenic unsaturation, giving the microparticles formed in the said non-aqueous medium self-stabilization during and after polymerization, without any addition of polymer having the function of a stabilizing agent, tither before, during or after polymerization, at least one compound B comprising at least two ethylenic unsaturations and optionally, depending on the case: at least one compound C comprising only one ethylenic unsaturation and/or at least one compound D which is different from A, B and C and comprising at least one ethylenic unsaturation which can undergo radical-mediated polymerization and at least one second reactive function f1 which is other than an ethylenic unsaturation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: Cray Valley, S.A.
    Inventors: Jean-Pierre Pascault, Ludovic Valette, Benoit Magny
  • Patent number: 6512069
    Abstract: Disclosed is a carbamate-functional acrylic polymer having an epsilon-caprolactone moiety beta to a carbamate group and a coating composition containing the acrylic polymer of the invention. The coating composition is particularly useful as a refinish coating and in refinish coating methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2003
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Walter H. Ohrbom, John C. Goan, Lawrence E. Thieben
  • Patent number: 6258898
    Abstract: A crosslinking agent comprising one or more carbamate groups or groups convertible to carbamate and two or more polyfunctional amino moieties having the formula wherein L is selected from the group consisting of alkyl or aryl, cycloalkyl and alkylaryl having a carbon chain length between 1 and 6 carbon atoms and N is a polyfunctional amino moiety. L may also have additional bridging groups such as esters, ethers, ureas, or urethanes groups. Also included is a method of making the crosslinker, a coating composition containing the crosslinker and a method for coating a substrate with the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2001
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: John W. Rehfuss, Walter H. Ohrbom, Donald L. St. Aubin
  • Patent number: 6203913
    Abstract: The present invention provides coating compositions including: (a) about 75 to about 99.9 weight percent of a crosslinkable film-forming system including one or more crosslinkable film-forming resins and one or more crosslinking materials which is capable of reacting with the film-forming resin to form a crosslinked film; and (b) one or more substantially saturated, predominantly hydrocarbon adhesion promoting agents having an average of more than one pendant or terminal polar group per molecule which are capable of reacting with the crosslinking material, the adhesion promoting agent(s) being present in an amount ranging from about 0.1 to about 25 weight percent on a basis of total resin solids of the coating composition. The coating compositions are useful for directly coating surfaces of thermoplastic and thermosetting plastic substrates, such as TPO and RIM, without the aid of flame or corona pretreatment, or the use of an adhesion promoter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2001
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Constantine A. Kondos, Edward E. McEntire, Masayuki Nakajima, Richard M. Nugent, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6136200
    Abstract: A composition for the detackification and clarification of acid and alkaline paint and lacquer waste waters and paint spray booth wastes, comprising:an inorganic-organic and/or organic adduct alloy polymer composition having the formula:A.multidot.B.sup.+ .multidot.D.sup.+wherein: A=[(SiO.sub.2 /Me.sup.I.sub.2 O).sub.u Me.sup.II.sub.m Me.sub.m.sup.III(OH).sbsp.p.sup.(SO.sbsp.4.sup.).sbsp.y.sup.(Aci) (2m+3n)-p-2y].sub.rwhere r=1 to 98% bw; u=0 to 10% bw; ##STR1## where: x=0 to 98% bw; Z is a divalent substituted or unsubstituted aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, heterocyclic or aromatic radicalD.sup.+ =(PQAM).sub.wwherew=2 to 98% b.w. of polyquaternized polymer (PQAM)Me.sub.m.sup.II is selected from the divalent cationic group comprising: Mg, Zn, Ca, and Fe.sup.2+m=0 to 5Me.sub.n.sup.III is a tri-or more valent metal selected from the group comprising: Fe, Al, and Al--Zn complexes;n=1 to 20Aci is selected from the monovalent anionic group comprising Cl.sup.-, Br.sup.-, I.sup.-, NO.sub.3 --, H.sub.2 PO.sub.4 --, CH.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2000
    Assignee: Polymer Research Corporation
    Inventor: John J. Waldmann
  • Patent number: 6114444
    Abstract: Coating compositions are described comprising:(A) a polyurea reaction product of a mixture comprising:(1) a polyisocyanate, and(2) ammonia, ammonium hydroxide, an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic primary amine, a hydrazide, aziridine, or water, and(B) a compound having a plurality of functional groups that are reactive with urea groups on said polyurea.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: John W. Rehfuss, Walter H. Ohrbom, Robert J. Taylor
  • Patent number: 6114434
    Abstract: Resins AB which are dilutable in water following neutralization and have an acid number of from 25 to 160 mg/g, obtainable by reacting mass fractions, based in each case on the sum of the masses of the solids in the reaction mixture, of A from 30 to 90% of at least one acid-functional polymer selected from polyesters, dimerized and oligomerized unsaturated aliphatic carboxylic acids and polymers of olefinically unsaturated monomers, each having an acid number of from 30 to 240 mg/g, and B from 10 to 70% of at least one water-insoluble aldehyde resin or ketone resin obtainable by condensing ketones, ketones together with aldehydes, ketones with urea or aldehydes with urea, having a hydroxyl number from 20 to 300 mg/g, a softening point of from 60 to 140.degree. C. and a number-average molar mass of from 500 to 3000 g/mol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: Vianova Resins AG
    Inventors: Peter Tuemmler, Gerald Hobisch, Hellmuth Kasch
  • Patent number: 6103826
    Abstract: Clearcoat compositions using a phenolic ester compound are described. The phenolic ester compound is selected from the group consisting of a phenolic ester alcohol, a phenolic urethane, a phenolic blocked isocyanate, and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: Eastern Michigan University
    Inventors: Frank N. Jones, Vijay Swarup, Albert I. Yezrielev, Ramachandran P. Subrayan
  • Patent number: 5998573
    Abstract: A novel amino resin composition produced by reacting one of or a mixture of more than two triazine derivatives of Formula I: ##STR1## wherein, R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3, R.sup.4, R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 each represent an independent substituent, and one to five substituents thereof represent a C.sub.1 -.sub.20 alkyl group, a C.sub.2-20 alkenyl group (the alkyl group or alkenyl group may optionally have an alicyclic structure of phenyl group), or a phenyl group, and the remaining substituent or substituents represent a hydrogen atom with formaldehyde; a novel amino composition produced by reacting a mixture of one of or a mixture of more than two of said triazine derivatives and melamine or urea with formaldehyde; and an amino composition comprising a novel amino composition produced by reacting a mixture of one of or a mixture of more than two triazine derivatives with formaldehyde and a melamine-formaldehyde resin and a melamine/urea-formaldehyde resin or a urea-formaldehyde resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1999
    Assignee: Nissan Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Makoto Takakura, Hiroyuki Uehara, Keisuke Nakayama, Yuko Furuya
  • Patent number: 5976615
    Abstract: A curable coating composition is described comprising a carbamate functional material and a crosslinking agent, reactive with the carbamate group. The composition further comprises a third component that is a mixture of catalysts including a phosphorus containing acid or acid derivative and other acid catalysts. Coatings prepared with this coating composition can be cured and coated with additional coating(s), providing good intercoat adhesion to the subsequent coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1999
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Gregory G. Menovcik, John G. Partyka, Aimee R. Barach, Sanjay Mehta
  • Patent number: 5969054
    Abstract: The present invention relates to binder compositions containingA) 40 to 95 parts by weight of OH-functional graft copolymer resins prepared by copolymerizinga) 0.1 to 10 parts by weight of polybutadienes containing at least 20% of 1,2-vinyl groups,b) 5 to 30 parts by weight of aliphatic .alpha.-olefins,c) 0.1 to 35 parts by weight of glycidyl esters of .alpha.-alkylalkane-monocarboxylic acids,d) 10 to 70 parts by weight of unsaturated, aromatic monomers,e) 5 to 60 parts by weight of hydroxyalkyl esters of acrylic and/or methacrylic acid having primary hydroxyl groups,f) 0 to 50 parts by weight of (cyclo)aliphatic esters of acrylic and/or methacrylic acid,g) 0.1 to 20 parts by weight of .alpha.,.beta.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Christian Wamprecht, Michael Sonntag, Dieter Margotte
  • Patent number: 5925703
    Abstract: Filled compositions having good low temperature impact performance made from a thermoplastic (e.g., a polyolefin such as polypropylene) and either at least one linear ethylene/C.sub.5 -C.sub.20 .alpha.-olefin or at least one substantially linear ethylene/C.sub.3 -C.sub.20 .alpha.-olefin polymer are disclosed. The compositions are easily molded and have particular utility in making automotive facia, parts and other household articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1999
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Stephen R. Betso, Martin J. Guest
  • Patent number: 5869184
    Abstract: Provided by the present invention are novel diguanamine derivatives, led by 2,5/2,6-bis(4,6-diamino-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-bicyclo?2.2.l!heptanes and 1,3/1,4-bis(4,6-diamino-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)-cyclo-hexanes, and derivatives thereof, applications of these compounds in fields such as adhesives and paints, utilization of these compounds in flame-retarding, thermal stabilization and compatibilization methods of resins, thermosetting molding compositions and thermosetting expansion-molding compositions making use of these compounds, as well as polymeric microspheres also using these compounds. These compounds are expected to find wide spread industrial utility as various excellent properties can be obtained by using them.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1999
    Assignee: Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Tetsuya Oishi, Jin Suzuki, Kouhei Ohkawa, Satoshi Furusawa, Hiroshi Ono, Kazuo Sugazaki
  • Patent number: 5804660
    Abstract: Modified polymer compositions having good flowabilty, impact performance and modulus made from at least one polyolefin (e.g., high density polyethylene or polypropylene) blended with minor amounts of either at least one homogeneous linear ethylene/C.sub.5 -C.sub.20 .alpha.-olefin or at least one substantially linear ethylene/C.sub.3 -C.sub.20 .alpha.-olefin polymer are disclosed. The compositions are suitable for thermoformed or molded thinwall applications such as drinking cups, lids, and food containers where the flow length to wall thickness ratios are greater than about 180:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1998
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Alan R. Whetten, Stephanie C. Cirihal, Stephen M. Hoenig, Ronald P. Markovich
  • Patent number: 5777048
    Abstract: A method for reducing the molecular weight of aminoplast compounds, the aminoplast compounds obtained thereby, and coating compositions containing said aminoplast compounds are provided. The reduced molecular weight aminoplasts are obtained by reacting(a) an aminoplast compound, having a total number (y) of reactive substituents on the amino nitrogens of the aminoplast, where y=(E.times.M) and E=equivalents per mole of aminoplast and M=total number of moles of aminoplast, wherein the reactive substituents are selected from the group consisting of --NH, alkylol, alkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, and mixtures thereof and(b) at least one carbamate compound selected from the group consisting of unsubstituted and substituted primary carbamate compounds, unsubstituted and substituted secondary carbamate compounds and mixtures thereof,in the presence of primary or secondary alcohols, at temperatures under 150.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1998
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Walter H. Ohrbom, Donald H. Campbell, Donald L. St. Aubin
  • Patent number: 5759696
    Abstract: A light-reflecting and/or transmitting element for a motor vehicle light is provided. The light-reflecting or transmitting element is coated with a surface coating which includes a non-water soluble binder, selected from the group consisting of polyacrylic resins, polyester resins and mixtures thereof, which binder is internally cross-linked by methylol groups or externally cross-linked by amino resins, and from about 5% to about 60% by weight of at least one nonionic wetting agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1998
    Assignee: Hella KG Hueck & Co.
    Inventor: Andreas Alers
  • Patent number: 5705567
    Abstract: There are disclosed a high solids content resin composition excellent in solubility in an organic solvent, comprising an acrylic oligomer having a blocked hydroxyl group, a curing agent having a reactivity with a hydroxyl group and a dissociation or curing catalyst, and a high solids content type paint using the resin composition. There are also disclosed a coating process and a baking process comprising coating and baking the resin composition or the paint while rotating a material to be coated at an appropriate speed. The resin composition and the paint of the present invention have substantially no sagging and solvent popping. Further, the thus obtained paint film have improved smoothness, solvent resistance, weather resistance and resistance to scratching.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1998
    Assignees: Dainippon Ink and Chemicals, Inc., Mazda Motor Corporation
    Inventors: Goro Iwamura, Shigeki Matsui, Ichiro Azuma, Yoshiaki Marutani, Hiroyuki Uemura, Shinji Sasaki, Kazuhi Koga
  • Patent number: 5688583
    Abstract: There are disclosed an adhesive obtained by dispersing a cured amino resin fine powder soluble in acid or oxidizing agent into an uncured heat-resistant resin matrix hardly soluble in acid or oxidizing agent when being subjected to a curing treatment as well as a printed circuit board using this adhesive and a method of producing the same. The adhesive has excellent properties such as resistance to chemicals, heat resistance, electric properties, hardness and adhesion property owing to the use of the amino resin fine powder. Therefore, the printed circuit board using such an adhesive is not influenced by service circumstance and is high in the connection reliability without forming short circuit between patterns. Furthermore, in the method of producing the printed circuit board, the adhesive is provided in form of a sheet or a prepreg, whereby the printed circuit board can be produced easily and cheaply.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 18, 1997
    Assignee: Ibiden Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Motoo Asai, Chie Onishi
  • Patent number: 5670585
    Abstract: A process for preparing binder-coated fiber-glass products employs as a binder aqueous polymer systems comprising a nitrogenous formaldehyde resin such as a urea-extended alkaline phenol/formaldehyde resole together with an acidic polyacrylate which cocure to form a thermoset polymer while synergistically reducing ammonia emissions which normally occur during cure of the nitrogenous formaldehyde resin. The polymer system may be used in applications other than fiberglass where reduced emissions are desired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1997
    Assignee: Schuller International, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas J. Taylor, Paul Nedwick
  • Patent number: 5629382
    Abstract: Self-extinguishing polymeric compositions comprising ammonium polyphosphate aving the general formula (I):(NH.sub.4).sub.n+2 P.sub.n O.sub.3n+1 (I)microencapsulated with condensation compounds obtained by means of the polymerization of polyaminic compositions essentially constituted by derivatives of 2,4,6-triamino-1,3,5-triazine, having the general formula (II): ##STR1## with aldehydes, preferably formaldehyde.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 13, 1997
    Assignee: Ministero Dell'Universita'e Della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica
    Inventors: Roberto Cipolli, Roberto Oriani, Enrico Masarati, Gilberto Nucida
  • Patent number: 5585438
    Abstract: Melamine thermoset resins with low formaldehyde volatiles display a remeltable solid phase, a liquid phase, and a cured solid phase. These resins are formulated from melamine, glycerol as a cross-linker, polyvinyl acetate homopolymer, and sucrose as a formaldehyde scavenger in an aqueous solvent. Optional ingredients for controlling the resin adhesive's crosslinking and/or curing rate include ethylene glycol, a pH buffering system such as citric acid/sodium diacetate, and an amine block sulfonic acid salt. The compositions are particularly useful as resins for coatings, saturations, and bonding of synthetic fibers into fabric mats, and display thermal stability and rigidity at temperatures ranging up to 370.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 17, 1996
    Inventor: Charles S. Esu
  • Patent number: 5580931
    Abstract: A method for property modification of bulk polymers, by initially treating a short chain monomeric organic acid, having a carboxylic group (with dissociation constant between 10.sup.-2 to 10.sup.-6 cm.sup.-1, and less than 8 carbons); with a Group IA, IIA or IIB metal, metal oxide, peroxide, hydroxide, or halogens, for forming a metal ligand or complex metal salt of the acid. The bulk polymers are mixed with the complex metal salts and free radicals are introduced into the mixture by means of oxidizing materials, to functionalize the bulk polymer with ionic polymerization sites. A copolymer formation is effected between the monomeric organic metal salt anion and the bulk polymer, as catalyzed by the metal cation, at such sites. The polymerization is a substantially non-cross linked ionic one resulting from the dissociation parameters and the short chain length of the complex metal salt, which is maintained prior to copolymer formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 3, 1996
    Assignee: Nathaniel H. Garfield
    Inventor: Juan E. Aguirre
  • Patent number: 5552486
    Abstract: Propoxylated allyl alcohol homopolymers and copolymers of allyl alcohol and propoxylated allyl alcohol are disclosed. The polymers are soluble in many organic solvents, making them useful in a variety of applications, including polyesters, polyurethanes, alkyds, uralkyds, polyamines, acrylates, crosslinked polymeric resins, and polymer blends.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1996
    Assignee: ARCO Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Shao-Hua Guo, Robert G. Gastinger
  • Patent number: 5504159
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a composition which exhibits antiozonant activity in diene containing rubbers comprising the reaction product of a multi-step process comprising:(1) reacting under condensation conditions an aldehyde and an amine containing compound to form a condensation product, whereinsaid aldehyde is selected from the group consisting of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde or mixtures thereof; andsaid amine containing compound is selected from the group consisting of: N,N'-di-substituted-p-phenylene diamines of the structural formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are independently selected from the group of radicals consisting of alkyls having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, aryls having 6 to 12 carbon atoms and aralkyls having 7 to 12 carbon atoms; and wherein said condensation conditions include:(i) the presence of an acid catalyst,(ii) a mole ratio of aldehyde to amine containing compound ranging from about 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1996
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Budd H. Sturm, Joseph A. Kuczkowski, Paul H. Sandstrom, George F. Balogh
  • Patent number: 5496591
    Abstract: Radiation-curable binders which are obtained by reactingA) an amine/formaldehyde condensate having a molar ratio of formaldehyde to amino groups of from 1:1 to 2:1 withB) one or more esters, having a free hydroxyl group, of acrylic acid or of methacrylic acid with polyalcohols which contain from two to four alcoholic hydroxyl groups, from 0.1 to 0.3 hydroxyl equivalent of component B) being used per methylol equivalent of component A),in the presence of a strong acid are suitable for use in coating materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1996
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Reinhard Lang, Erich Beck, Edmund Keil, Adolf Nuber, Harro Petersen, Hans Renz, Horst Schmidt, Wolfram Weiss
  • Patent number: 5453540
    Abstract: Fluorochemical compositions comprising fluorinated compounds, wherein the fluorinated compound comprises fluorochemical oligomeric portion, an organic moiety, and a group that can impart soft hand, stain release, water repellency, or a durable property when the compound is applied to a fibrous substrate, wherein the fluorochemical oligomeric portion is bonded to the organic moiety through an isocyanate-derived linking group. Also disclosed are fluorochemical compositions in the form of fluorochemical liquid dispersions and methods for preparing substrates treated with such compositions. Substrates so treated exhibit particularly durable and abrasion-resistant oil and water repellent properties. Intermediates in the preparation of the fluorochemical compositions are also disclosed. Some of the intermediates are useful as emulsifiers in fluorochemical liquid dispersions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1995
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Rudolf J. Dams, Johan E. De Witte
  • Patent number: 5399611
    Abstract: This invention relates to novel hydroxy-functional polyester diluents, and more particularly, to acrylic-modified hydroxy-functional polyester reactive diluents useful for blending with a variety of thermosetting or thermoplastic film-forming polymers. More specifically, the hydroxy-functional polyester reactive diluents are essentially low molecular weight polyesters derived from triols, and a combination of unsaturated monocarboxylic acids and saturated monocarboxylic acids. These hydroxy-functional polyester diluents may be copolymerized with one or more acrylic monomers, i.e. hydroxy-functional acrylic monomers, and blended with a variety of thermosetting or thermoplastic film-forming polymers. These blends of the film-forming polymers and the hydroxy-functional polyester diluents can be crosslinked with conventional crosslinking agents such as isocyanates and used in the formulation of low VOC paint compositions particularly useful as automotive topcoats.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1995
    Assignee: The Sherwin-Williams Company
    Inventor: John Mathai