Non-transition Metal Hydride Or Carbon To Non-transition Metal Metal Atom Bond Compound Contains P, S, Or N Atom Patents (Class 526/163)
  • Patent number: 9505859
    Abstract: A method for producing a polydiene, the method comprising the steps of: (i) forming an active catalyst by combining a lanthanide-containing compound, an alkylating agent, and a halogen source in the substantial absence of a sulfone, a sulfoxide, and a phosphine oxide; and (ii) polymerizing conjugated diene monomer in the presence of the active catalyst and a polymerization modulator selected from the group consisting of a sulfone, a sulfoxide, and a phosphine oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Kevin M. McCauley, Steven Luo
  • Patent number: 8318876
    Abstract: The invention provides a method for producing a thermosetting resin from renewable oils, the method comprising supplying renewable oil molecules containing strained ring alkene moieties; reacting the alkene moieties with cyclic alkenes to create a polymer; and repeating the above two steps until the resin having desired characteristics are obtained. Also provided is a thermoset resin comprising functionalized renewable oil polymerized with a co-monomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: U.S. Department of Energy
    Inventors: Richard C. Larock, Phillip H. Henna, Michael R. Kessier
  • Patent number: 8022005
    Abstract: This invention relates to an activator, catalyst system, and the use thereof. In one aspect, the catalyst system includes one or more polymerization catalysts and at least one activator. The activator comprises one or more heterocyclic heteroatom containing ligands coordinated to an alumoxane, wherein the activator is a reaction product of one or more alumoxanes and one or more heterocyclic heteroatom containing compounds, the one or more heterocyclic heteroatom containing ligands represented by the formula: where Y is O, S, PH or NH; wherein each substituent X2, X3, X4, X5, X6, and X7 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, chlorine, fluorine, iodine, and bromine, provided at least one of X2, X3, X4, X5, X6 and X7 is not hydrogen when Y is NH; and wherein the ratio of the heterocyclic heteroatom containing ligand to aluminum is between about 0.01 and about 10 molar equivalents. The catalyst system may be supported or non-supported.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew W. Holtcamp, Renuka N. Ganesh
  • Patent number: 7919569
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the polymerization of olefins, comprising the steps of introducing at least one olefin, at least one polymerization catalyst, at least one cocatalyst and at least one cocatalyst aid, and optionally a scavenger, into a polymerization reactor, and polymerizing the olefin, wherein the cocatalyst aid is a reaction product prepared separately prior to the introduction into the reactor by reacting at least one metal alkyl compound of group IIA or IIIA of the periodic system of elements and at least one compound (A) of the formula RmXR?n, wherein R is a branched, straight, or cyclic, substituted or unsubstituted, hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, R? is hydrogen or any functional group with at least one active hydrogen, X is at least one heteroatom selected from the group of O, N, P or S or a combination thereof, and wherein n and m are each at least 1 and are such that the formula has no net charge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Assignee: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Wei Xu, Vugar O. Aliyev, Sirajudeen Mohamed, Atieh Abu-Raqabah
  • Publication number: 20090264605
    Abstract: A combinatorial method for identifying a catalyst composition for use in the homogeneous addition polymerization of an olefin monomers, said catalyst composition comprising a transition metal compound, a cocatalyst and a polymerization modifier, as well as catalyst compositions and improved olefin polymerization processes resulting therefrom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 1, 2009
    Publication date: October 22, 2009
    Applicant: Dow Global Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Daryoosh Beigzadeh, Richard E. Campbell, JR., David D. Devore, Duane R. Romer, Jame C. Stevens, Francis J. Timmers, Hendrik E. Tuinstra, Paul C. Vosejpka
  • Publication number: 20090203859
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the polymerization of olefins, comprising the steps of introducing at least one olefin, at least one polymerization catalyst, at least one cocatalyst and at least one cocatalyst aid, and optionally a scavenger, into a polymerization reactor, and polymerizing the olefin, wherein the cocatalyst aid is a reaction product prepared separately prior to the introduction into the reactor by reacting at least one metal alkyl compound of group IIA or IIIA of the periodic system of elements and at least one compound (A) of the formula RmXR?n, wherein R is a branched, straight, or cyclic, substituted or unsubstituted, hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, R? is hydrogen or any functional group with at least one active hydrogen, X is at least one heteroatom selected from the group of O, N, P or S or a combination thereof, and wherein n and m are each at least 1 and are such that the formula has no net charge.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 12, 2006
    Publication date: August 13, 2009
    Inventors: Wei Xu, Vugar O. Aliyev, Sirajudeen Mohamed, Atieh Abu-Raqabah
  • Patent number: 7553917
    Abstract: A combinatorial method for identifying a catalyst composition for use in the homogeneous addition polymerization of an olefin monomers, said catalyst composition comprising a transition metal compound, a cocatalyst and a polymerization modifier, as well as catalyst compositions and improved olefin polymerization processes resulting therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2009
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Daryoosh Beigzadeh, David D. Devore, Richard E. Campbell, Jr., Duane R. Romer, James C. Stevens, Hendrik E. Tuinstra, Francis J. Timmers, Paul C. Vosejpka
  • Publication number: 20090048408
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel catalyst for diene polymerization comprising a heteroleptic single-molecule aluminum compound and a cobalt compound having a carboxyl group with a predetermined proportion and a method for preparing polybutadiene from 1,3-butadiene using a catalyst for diene polymerization. The novel catalyst of the present invention, which comprises a heteroleptic single-molecule aluminum compound with a huge stereostructure and a cobalt compound, has a stabilized catalytic active site without the need of adding a special material for controlling the activity of cobalt, such as water, phenol, alcohol, and phosphorus compound, and has good activity without a catalyst aging process since the reduction of cobalt is minimized. Consequently, the catalyst may be used to polymerize 1,3-butadiene to obtain polybutadienes having cis and trans structures with good yield and narrow molecular weight distribution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2008
    Publication date: February 19, 2009
    Inventors: Gwanghoon Kwag, Pilsung Kim, Seung Hwon Lee, Hyung Kyu Choi
  • Patent number: 7417006
    Abstract: A salt of formula (I) [HEoR13]+[T1T2]? ??(I) wherein Eo is a nitrogen or phosphorous atom; R1 is hydrocarbon radical; T1 is a Lewis acid that forms a complex with T2, and T2 is a substituted pyrrolyl radical of formula (III) These salts can be used as cocatalyst in a process for the polymerization of alpha-olefins in conjunction with a transition metal organometallic compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2008
    Assignee: Basell Polyolefine GmbH
    Inventors: Luigi Resconi, Simona Guidotti
  • Patent number: 7084219
    Abstract: A contact product obtained by a process comprising the step of contacting a compound (a) represented by the formula, M1L1r, a compound (b) represented by the formula, R1s-1T1H, a compound (c) represented by the formula, R2t-2T2H2, and a nonionic surfactant (d) having no active hydrogen; a catalyst component for addition polymerization comprising said contact product; a catalyst for addition polymerization obtained by a process comprising the step of contacting said catalyst component with a compound of a metal selected from the group consisting of metals of the Groups 3 to 12 and Lanthanide Series of the Periodic Table, and optionally an organoaluminum compound; and a process for producing an addition polymer comprising the step of polymerizing an addition polymerizable monomer in the presence of said catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2006
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventor: Kazuo Takaoki
  • Patent number: 6919291
    Abstract: Zwitterionic compositions of matter comprising cations [Ct]+ and anions connected together with substantially rigid fluorinated linking groups are described. These zwitterionic compositions serve as cocatalysts. They activate olefin polymerization catalysts, and can dissolve in aliphatic solvents. Synthesis and polymerization are illustrated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventor: George Rodriguez
  • Patent number: 6909008
    Abstract: An activator for olefin polymerization catalysts is disclosed. One aspect of the activator is that it comprises a group-13 central atom connected to at least one fluorinated aryl ring that is itself substituted with a silyl acetylenic group. Some embodiments employ a neutral activator and others employ the activator as an anion coupled with a ligand-abstracting cation. These activators are discrete molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2005
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventor: George Rodriguez
  • Patent number: 6858689
    Abstract: New polymerization catalyst activators are disclosed which include a heterocyclic compound, which may or may not be substituted, and an aluminum alkyl or an aluminoxane. Supported activators of the invention include the heterocyclic compound, combined with an alkylaluminum or aluminoxane, and a support material, preferably a silica support material. Also disclosed are methods for preparing these catalyst activators and polymerization processes utilizing same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2005
    Assignee: Univation Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Matthew W. Holtcamp, David Arthur Cano
  • Patent number: 6841501
    Abstract: A catalyst system for the polymerization of olefins comprising the product obtained by contacting: (A) at least one transition metal organometallic compound, pyrrolidyl bis(?-cyclopentadienyl)methylzirconium being excluded, and (B) an organometallic compound obtained by contacting: a) a Lewis base having formula (I): ?wherein Ra, Rb, Rc and Rd, equal to or different from each other, are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated, C1-C10 alkyl, C6-C20 aryl, C7-C20 arylalkyl and C7-C20 alkylaryl groups; with b) a Lewis acid of formula (II) MtR13??(II) ?wherein Mt is a metal belonging to Group 13 of the Periodic Table of th Elements; R1, equal to or different from each other, are selected from the group consisting of halogen, halogenated C6-C20 aryl and halogenated C7-C20 alkylaryl groups; and (C) optionally an alkylating agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2005
    Assignee: Basell Poliolefine Italia S.p.A.
    Inventors: Luigi Resconi, Simona Guidotti
  • Publication number: 20040167016
    Abstract: New polymerization catalyst activators are disclosed which include a heterocyclic compound, which may or may not be substituted, and an aluminum alkyl or an aluminoxane. Supported activators of the invention include the heterocyclic compound, combined with an alkylaluminum or aluminoxane, and a support material, preferably a silica support material. Also disclosed are methods for preparing these catalyst activators and polymerization processes utilizing same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2003
    Publication date: August 26, 2004
    Inventors: Matthew W. Holtcamp, David Arthur Cano
  • Publication number: 20040110631
    Abstract: Zwitterionic compositions of matter comprising cations [Ct]+ and anions connected together with substantially rigid fluorinated linking groups are described. These zwitterionic compositions serve as cocatalysts. They activate olefin polymerization catalysts, and can dissolve in aliphatic solvents. Synthesis and polymerization are illustrated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2003
    Publication date: June 10, 2004
    Inventor: George Rodriguez
  • Patent number: 6703338
    Abstract: New polymerization catalyst activators are disclosed which include a heterocyclic compound, which may or may not be substituted, and an aluminum alkyl or an aluminoxane. Supported activators of the invention include the heterocyclic compound, combined with an alkylaluminum or aluminoxane, and a support material, preferably a silica support material. Also disclosed are methods for preparing these catalyst activators and polymerization processes utilizing same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2004
    Assignee: Univation Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Matthew W. Holtcamp, David Arthur Cano
  • Patent number: 6683199
    Abstract: Dicationic or partially dicationic Group 4 metal compounds having utility has addition polymerization catalysts among other uses and a method of preparation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2004
    Assignee: Dow Global Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Eugene Y. Chen, William J. Kruper, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20030114623
    Abstract: The present invention provides an olefin polymer having a narrow molecular weight distribution and a specific molecular weight, an olefin polymer having a functional group introduced at the terminal, a tapered polymer containing a segment wherein monomer composition continuously changes in the polymer chain, an olefin polymer having different segments which are bonded to each other, and a process for preparing these polymers. The olefin polymers of the invention are polymers of olefins of 2 to 20 carbon atoms and have a number-average molecular weight of not less than 500 and Mw/Mn of not more than 1.5.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2001
    Publication date: June 19, 2003
    Inventors: Makoto Mitani, Yasunori Yoshida, Junichi Mohri, Kazutaka Tsuru, Seiichi Ishii, Shinichi Kojoh, Tomoaki Matsugi, Junji Saito, Naoto Matsukawa, Shigekazu Matsui, Takashi Nakano, Hidetsugu Tanaka, Norio Kashiwa, Terunori Fujita
  • Patent number: 6495640
    Abstract: Process for polymerizing alpha-olefins, in which at least one alpha-olefin is placed in contact, under polymerizing conditions, with a catalytic system comprising (a) a solid catalyst comprising (i) a compound of a transition metal from groups 4 to 6 of the Periodic Table, containing at least one cyclopentadiene ligand which may be substituted, (ii) an activator chosen from aluminoxanes and ionizing agents, and (iii) a porous polymeric support, and (b) at least one organoaluminium compound corresponding to the general formula R3−nAl(Y′)n in which 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2002
    Assignee: Solvay Polyolefins Europe-Belgium(Societe Anonyme)
    Inventors: Fabian Siberdt, Philippe Francois, St├ęphane Paye
  • Patent number: 6462153
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst composition and a method of polymerizing vinyl chloride using it. The catalyst composition is a mixture of a vanadyl (V) catalyst having the formula and about 0.5 to about 15 moles of an alkyl aluminum cocatalyst having the formula (R′)mAl(X′)3−m per mole of said catalyst, where R is a group containing 1 to 14 carbon atoms, each X is independently selected from halogen or OR, each R′ is independently selected from alkyl from C1 to C10, each X′ is independently selected from halogen, R1 is alkyl from C1 to C10, haloalkyl from C1 to C10, alkoxyalkyl where each alkyl group is independently selected from C1 to C10, or aryl from C6 to C14, m is 1 or 2, and n is 1 to 100. Also disclosed is a method of polymerizing vinyl chloride comonomer using this catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2002
    Assignee: Occidental Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Sandor Nagy, John Tyrell
  • Patent number: 6444604
    Abstract: Supported catalysts for the polymerization of olefins comprise the following components: (A) a porous organic support functionalised with groups having active hydrogen atoms; (B) an organo-metallic compound of aluminium containing heteroatoms selected from oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; and (C) a compound of a transition metal selected from those of groups IVb, Vb or VIb of the Periodic Table of the Elements, containing ligands of the cyclopentadienyl type. These supported catalysts, obtainable in the form of spherical particles, can be used in the polymerization reaction of olefins either in liquid or in gas phase, thus producing polymers endowed with a controlled morphology and with a high bulk density.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2002
    Assignee: Basell Technology Company BV
    Inventors: Enrico Albizzati, Tiziano Dall'Occo, Luigi Resconi, Fabrizio Piemontesi
  • Patent number: 6426313
    Abstract: The described invention provides a low fouling, high particle density polymerization process and an olefin polymerization cocatalyst activator composition comprising a cross-linked polymer bead having a surface area of from about 1 to 20 m2/g to which are bound a plurality of non-coordinating anions, where the polymeric support comprises ligands covalently bound to the central metal or metalloid atoms of said anions, and an effective number of cationic species to achieve a balanced charge. The invention also provides an olefin polymerization catalyst compositions comprising the reaction product of a) the foregoing cocatalyst activator, and b) an organometallic transition metal compound having ancillary ligands, at least one labile ligand capable of abstraction by protonation and at least one labile ligand into which an olefinic monomer can insert for polymerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2002
    Assignee: Exxon Mobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: John F. Walzer, Jr., Anthony J. Dias, Jean M J Frechet, Stephen B. Roscoe
  • Patent number: 6344529
    Abstract: Disclosed are compounds useful as catalyst activators for olefin polymerization, comprising structures of the following formulae: wherein: L+ is a protonated derivative of an element of Group 15 of the Periodic Table of the Elements, additionally bearing two hydrocarbyl substituents of from 1 to 50 carbons each, or a positively charged derivative of an element of Group 14 of the Periodic Table of the Elements, said Group 14 element being substituted with three hydrocarbyl substituents of from 1 to 50 carbons each; R1 is a divalent linking group of from 1 to 40 non-hydrogen atoms; R2 independently each occurrence is a ligand group of from 1 to 50 nonhydrogen atoms with the proviso that in a sufficient number of occurrences to balance charge in the compound, R2 is L+—R1—; M1 is boron, aluminum or gallium; Arf independently each occurrence is a monovalent, fluorinated organic group containing from 6 to 100 non-hydrogen atoms; Y is a Group 15 element; and Z is a Grou
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2002
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Edmund M. Carnahan, Grant B. Jacobsen, Jerzy Klosin, Peter N. Nickias, David J. Schwartz, David R. Neithamer
  • Publication number: 20020010079
    Abstract: The described invention provides a low fouling, high particle density polymerization process and an olefin polymerization cocatalyst activator composition comprising a cross-linked polymer bead having a surface area of from about 1 to 20 m2/g to which are bound a plurality of non-coordinating anions, where the polymeric support comprises ligands covalently bound to the central metal or metalloid atoms of said anions, and an effective number of cationic species to achieve a balanced charge. The invention also provides an olefin polymerization catalyst compositions comprising the reaction product of a) the foregoing cocatalyst activator, and b) an organometallic transition metal compound having ancillary ligands, at least one labile ligand capable of abstraction by protonation and at least one labile ligand into which an olefinic monomer can insert for polymerization.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 1999
    Publication date: January 24, 2002
    Inventors: JOHN F. WALZER, ANTHONY J. DIAS, JEAN M. J. FRECHET, STEPHEN B. ROSCOE
  • Patent number: 6150483
    Abstract: The invention relates to a catalyst system and a process suited for the preparation of a rubbery copolymer of ethylene, one or more .alpha.-olefins and optionally one or more polyunsaturated compounds, in which the catalyst system comprises a vanadium compound, an organometal compound and optionally a promoter, characterized in that the organometal complex in the catalyst system is an imido complex that satisfies the general formula(R.sub.u -X.sup.1.sub.v -Me.sup.1).sub.n =NR.sup.1 (I)where each individual Me.sup.1 is a metal chosen from group 1, 2, 12 or 13 of the Periodic System of Elements, each individual R is hydrogen or a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 C atoms, N--R.sup.1 is an imido group where R.sup.1 is hydrogen or a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 C atoms or a group with the general formula MR.sup.3.sub.3, where M is an element chosen from group 14 of the Periodic System of Elements, each individual R.sup.3 is hydrogen, a hydrocarbon group having 1-20 C atoms or a heteroatom-containing group, X.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Assignee: DSM N.V.
    Inventors: Jacob Renkema, Peter J. H. Windmuller
  • Patent number: 6030918
    Abstract: The present invention provides: a composition of the formula M.sup.+x (Ga(Y).sub.4.sup.-).sub.x where M is a metal selected from the group consisting of lithium, sodium, potassium, cesium, calcium, strontium, thallium, and silver, x is an integer selected from the group consisting of 1 or 2, each Y is a ligand selected from the group consisting of aryl, alkyl, hydride and halide with the proviso that at least one Y is a ligand selected from the group consisting of aryl, alkyl and halide; a composition of the formula (R).sub.x Q.sup.+ Ga(Y).sub.4.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 29, 2000
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Wayne A. King, Gregory J. Kubas
  • Patent number: 6017842
    Abstract: Catalyst compositions that are highly tolerant of catalyst poisons comprising a catalytic derivative of a Group 4 metallocene metal complex and an Group 13 metal compound according to the formula R.sup.1.sub.2 M"(NR.sup.2.sub.2),wherein R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 independently each occurrence is a hydrocarbyl, silyl, halocarbyl, halohydrocarbyl, hydrocarbyl-substituted silyl, halocarbyl-substituted silyl, or halohydrocarbyl-substituted silyl group, said R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 having from 1 to 30 carbon, silicon, or mixtures of carbon and silicon atoms, andM" is a Group 13 metal,the molar ratio of complex to Group 13 compound being from 1:0.1 to 1:100.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2000
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Robert K. Rosen, James C. Stevens
  • Patent number: 5578740
    Abstract: Epoxy-containing compounds which are essentially free of organic halides are prepared by (I) reacting an allyl derivative of an active hydrogen-containing compound with (II) a peroxygen-containing compound. The epoxy-containing compounds are useful in coatings, castings, laminates etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1996
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Andrew T. Au, J. Lowell Nafziger
  • Patent number: 5510434
    Abstract: There are disclosed a catalyst for producing an aromatic vinyl compound polymer which catalyst comprises a contact product between an (A) trivalent titanium compound and a (B) compound represented by the general formula (II) or (III)R.sup.1.sub.k M.sup.1 L.sup.2.sub.m (II)R.sup.1.sub.k M.sup.1 X.sup.2.sub.l L.sup.2.sub.m (III)a (C) an ionic compound comprising a noncoordinate anion and a cation, an aluminoxane or an organoboron compound; and optionally a (D) Lewis acid, and a process for producing an aromatic vinyl compound polymer having a high degree of syndiotactic configuration which process comprises polymerizing (a) an aromatic vinyl compound or (b) an aromatic vinyl compound together with an olefin or a diolefin in the presence of the above catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1996
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Mizutomo Takeuchi
  • Patent number: 5502126
    Abstract: The subject invention relates to a technique for synthesizing rubbery non-tapered, random, copolymers of 1,3-butadiene and isoprene. These rubbery copolymers exhibit an excellent combination of properties for utilization in tire sidewall rubber compounds for truck tires. By utilizing these isoprene-butadiene rubbers in tire sidewalls, tires having improved cut growth resistance can be built without sacrificing rolling resistance. Such rubbers can also be employed in tire tread compounds to improve tread wear characteristics and decrease rolling resistance without sacrificing traction characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 26, 1996
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Anthony J. Bell, Barry A. Matrana, Adel F. Halasa
  • Patent number: 5427991
    Abstract: Ionically activated metallocene catalyst compositions which are useful in the polymerization of olefins comprise transition metal cationic components associated with and stabilized by a polyanionic moleties constituted of non-coordinating anionic groups chemically bonded to core components. The transition metal cationic components typically are cyclopentadienyl-group containing Group 4, 5, and 6 metal compounds having a hydrolyzable ligand such that they react with the activator compounds so as to form the cationic components in non-coordinating association with bulky, labile anions derived from the activator compound which in turn is chemically bound to the core component, such as a polymeric or metal oxide support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1995
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventor: Howard W. Turner
  • Patent number: 5391661
    Abstract: There are disclosed a catalyst well suited for producing a styrenic polymer having a high degree of syndiotactic configuration which comprises a transition-metal compound such as pentamethylcyclopentadienyltrimethyltitanium and a coordination complex compound comprising an anion in which a plurality of radicals are bonded to a metal and a quaternary ammonium salt, the compound being exemplified by orthocyano-N-methylpyridinium tetra(pentafluorophenyl)borate, or comprises an alkylating agent such as triisobutylaluminum in addition to the above two compounds; and a process for producing a styrenic polymer having a high degree of syndiotactic configuration by polymerizing a styrenic monomer using the aforementioned catalyst. Consequently, a styrenic polymer having a high degree of syndiotactic configuration can be produced effectively without the use of an expensive aluminoxane required in a large amount if used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 21, 1995
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shoji Naganuma, Masami Watanabe, Norio Tomotsu
  • Patent number: 5319042
    Abstract: This invention relates to a two component catalyst system for the polymerization of metathesis polymerizable cycloolefins, comprising (a) a tungsten compound of the formula WOX.sub.4-x (OAr).sub.x where X is chlorine, bromine or fluorine, Ar is a hindered phenyl ring having 1-5 specified substituents and x = 1, 2 or 3; and (b) an activator compound.Among the preferred molecules or groups that are substituted on the phenyl ring of the tungsten compound are phenyl, chlorine, bromine, methoxy and isopropyl groups. Ar can also represent a multi-substituted phenyl group such as 2,4-dichloro-6-methylphenyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1994
    Assignee: Hercules Incorporated
    Inventor: Andrew Bell
  • Patent number: 4771115
    Abstract: Polyacetylene having an apparent density at 20.degree. C. greater than 0.6 g/ccm and a surface area below 60 m.sup.2 /g is prepared by polymerizing gaseous acetylene in the presence of a catalytic system consisting of:(a) an oxygenized compound of Ti or V, containing at least one metal-oxygen bond;(b) an organometallic compound of aluminum containing at least one hetero-atom, of the formula: ##STR1## wherein: ##STR2## while R=a hydrocarbon radical with 1-18 carbon atoms, and where R'.dbd.R, or halogen or alcoxyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 13, 1988
    Assignee: Montedison S.p.A.
    Inventors: Enrico Albizzati, Michele Petrera, Giovanni Giunchi
  • Patent number: 4577001
    Abstract: Olefins are polymerized in the presence of catalysts prepared from titanium compounds prepared by reacting a titanium compound such as titanium tetraisopropoxide with a compound containing at least one aliphatic hydroxyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 18, 1986
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: William M. Coleman, III, Morris S. Edmondson
  • Patent number: 4554333
    Abstract: Olefins are polymerized in the presence of catalysts prepared from titanium compounds prepared by reacting a titanium compound such as titanium tetraisopropoxide with a compound containing at least one aliphatic hydroxyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1985
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: William M. Coleman, III, Morris S. Edmondson
  • Patent number: 4438278
    Abstract: Compounds useful in making crosslinkable polymers having the formula (I): ##STR1## wherein R is hydrogen or methyl; R.sup.1 is cyano or ##STR2## wherein R.sup.2 is alkyl; Z is --X--R.sup.3 --X--or ##STR3## wherein each --X-- is --O-- or --NR.sup.4 --, provided at least one --X-- is --NR.sup.4 -- wherein R.sup.4 is hydrogen or alkyl, R.sup.3 is divalent hydrocarbon and D.sub.1 and D.sub.2 together are the carbon atoms necessary to complete a 5 to 7 membered ring. These compounds can be homopolymerized or copolymerized with each other or with other polymerizable ethylenically unsaturated monomers to give crosslinkable polymers. Such polymers can be purified by conventional purification techniques such as dialysis, diafiltration, ultrafiltration without losing their capability of crosslinking. The resulting purified polymers are particularly useful in photographic materials as gelatin extenders, binders or polymeric color couplers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 1982
    Date of Patent: March 20, 1984
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Ignazio S. Ponticello, Kenneth R. Hollister, Richard C. Tuites
  • Patent number: 4434313
    Abstract: A process for preparing linear alpha olefins and waxes having a total product M.sub.n in the range 200 to 700 comprising at least 90 mole percent linear alpha olefins which includes polymerizing an ethylene containing gas in the presence of the reaction product of a zirconium halide compound with an aluminum cocatalyst selected from the group consisting of dialkyl aluminum alkoxides or aryloxides and dialkyl aluminum disubstituted amides in the presence of a diluent at a temperature of about 50.degree. to 200.degree. C. and an ethylene pressure above about 3.5 MPa, wherein the M.sub.n of said reaction product is controlled by the molar ratio of said aluminum cocatalyst/Zr halide, said molar ratio being less than about 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1982
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1984
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventor: Arthur W. Langer, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4410750
    Abstract: A process for preparing linear alpha olefins and waxes having a total product M.sub.n in the range 200 to 700 comprising at least 90 mole percent linear alpha olefins which includes polymerizing an ethylene containing gas in the presence of the reaction product of a zirconium halide compound with an aluminum cocatalyst selected from the group consisting of dialkyl aluminum alkoxides or aryloxides and dialkyl aluminum disubstituted amides in the presence of a pi base and in the presence of a diluent at a temperature of about 50.degree. to 200.degree. C. and an ethylene pressure above about 3.5 MPa, wherein the M.sub.n of said reaction product is controlled by the molar ratio of said aluminum cocatalyst/Zr halide, said molar ratio being less than about 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1982
    Date of Patent: October 18, 1983
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventor: Arthur W. Langer, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4377720
    Abstract: A process for preparing linear alpha olefins and waxes having a total product M.sub.n in the range 200 to 700 comprising at least 90 mole percent linear alpha olefins which includes polymerizing an ethylene containing gas in the presence of the reaction product of a zirconium halide compound with an aluminum cocatalyst selected from the group consisting of dialkyl aluminum alkoxides or aryloxides and dialkyl aluminum disubstituted amides in the presence of a diluent at a temperature of about 50.degree. to 200.degree. C. and an ethylene pressure above about 3.5 MPa, wherein the M.sub.n of said reaction product is controlled by the molar ratio of said aluminum cocatalyst/Zr halide, said molar ratio being less than about 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1981
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1983
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventor: Arthur W. Langer
  • Patent number: 4361714
    Abstract: A process for preparing linear alpha olefins and waxes having a total product M.sub.n in the range 200 to 700 which includes polymerizing an ethylene-containing gas in the presence of the reaction product of a zirconium halide with R.sub.2 Zn, wherein R is an alkyl group having about 1 to about 20 carbon atoms, in the presence of a diluent at a temperature of about 50.degree. to 200.degree. C. and an ethylene pressure above about 3.5 MPa, wherein the M.sub.n of said reaction product is controlled by the molar ratio of said R.sub.2 Zn/ZrCl.sub.4, said molar ratio being less than about 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1981
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1982
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventors: Arthur W. Langer, John J. Steger, Terry J. Burkhardt
  • Patent number: 4264472
    Abstract: A catalyst for preparing an .alpha.-olefin polymer having a broad molecular weight distribution and excellent physical properties, which comprises a solid catalyst component (A) and an organometal compound (B), the solid catalyst component (A) being obtained by reduction with an organomagnesium solution of the thermal decomposition solid product of special titanium compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 1979
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1981
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Tadashi Ikegami, Hisaya Sakurai, Yoshihiko Katayama, Shigeo Tsuyama, Yukitoshi Iwashita
  • Patent number: 4260711
    Abstract: In the polymerization of 1-olefins using a solid catalyst component composed of a titanium trichloride and an activator component composed of a trialkylaluminum, the stereospecificity of the catalyst is increased by replacing a portion of the trialkylaluminum in the activator component with a dialkylaluminum dialkylphosphate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1981
    Assignee: Hercules Incorporated
    Inventor: Richard V. Cartwright
  • Patent number: 4238355
    Abstract: Compositions exhibiting high catalytic activity in the polymerization of .alpha.-olefins, particularly higher olefins, are prepared by reacting tetravalent or trivalent titanium compounds such as a titanium tetraalkoxide, an anhydrous zinc compound such as diethyl zinc, an organomagnesium component such as a hydrocarbon soluble complex of dialkyl magnesium and an alkyl aluminum and a halide source such as a hydrogen halide or an alkyl aluminum halide and an aluminum compound if the halide source of organomagnesium component does not contain sufficient quantities of aluminum. Polymerization processes employing this catalyst composition do not require conventional catalyst removal steps in order to provide polymers having suitable color and other physical characteristics and these catalysts produce polymers having broader molecular weight distributions than do corresponding catalysts without the anhydrous zinc compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1979
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1980
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Randall S. Shipley, Donald F. Birkelbach, Kirby Lowery, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4224182
    Abstract: A new catalyst system for alphaolefin type polymerizations, includes at least one hindered alkyl metal amide compound having the formula R'.sub.2 YNR.sub.2 in combination with a Group IVB-VIII transition metal compound on a support and at least one Lewis base wherein R is selected from the group consisting of C.sub.4 to C.sub.20 bulky alkyl, cycloalkyl, aralkyl, aryl and substituted aryl groups or R.sub.2 N is a hindered cyclic amide group; R' is selected from the group consisting of C.sub.1 to C.sub.20 primary alkyl, secondary alkyl, tertiary alkyl, neopentyl alkyl, branched alkyl, cycloalkyl or aralkyl groups, and Y is selected from the group consisting of aluminum, gallium or indium. The catalyst system provides polymers having increased isotactic stereoregularity as well as lower catalyst residue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1980
    Assignee: Exxon Research & Engineering Co.
    Inventors: Arthur W. Langer, Jr., John J. Steger, Terry J. Burkhardt
  • Patent number: 4169194
    Abstract: A process for producing polyethylene comprising polymerizing ethylene in a medium of a hydrocarbon solvent at a temperature within the range of from 30.degree. to 110.degree. C. under a pressure of from 1 to 60 atm.g. in the presence of a complex organometallic catalyst; said catalyst consisting of an alkylaluminiumhalide of the formula AlR.sub.n (X).sub.3-n (I), wherein R is an alkyl with a number of carbon atoms from 2 to 18; X is Cl, Br, I; n=1 or 2; an oxyvanadiumalkoxide of the formula OV(OR').sub.3 (II), wherein R' is an alkyl with a number of carbon atoms from 2 to 20; and a complex of acrylonitrile with diethylaluminiumchloride of the formula CH.sub.2 =CHCN.Al(C.sub.2 H.sub.5).sub.2 Cl (III); molar ratio between said catalytic components I:II:III being equal to 5-20:1:1-5, respectively. The process makes it possible to obtain polyethylene with a wide (5 to 10) molecular-mass distribution and with an enhanced adhesion to a metal (more than 3000 g/cm).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1978
    Date of Patent: September 25, 1979
    Inventors: Neonila I. Ivancheva, Vladimir I. Pilipovsky, Rita E. Prokofieva, Elena I. Nalivaiko, Maria A. Budanova
  • Patent number: 4032703
    Abstract: Compounds having at least one olefinic unsaturation (e.g. isoprene) are polymerized in the presence of a catalyst system consisting of a transition metal compound such as TiCl.sub.4 and an aluminum hydride derivative which is either (a) an oligomer N-alkylaminoalane of the type: ##STR1## or (b) an oligomer derivative having the general formula:(XAlNR).sub.x (XYAl).sub.y (NHR).sub.y.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1975
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1977
    Assignee: Snam Progetti S.p.A.
    Inventors: Salvatore Cucinella, Alessandro Mazzei
  • Patent number: 3998713
    Abstract: The invention is for a process for the controlled polymerization and copolymerization of monoolefinic and diolefinic monomers, which are able to polymerize by a cationic mechanism and particularly for the polymerization of isobutylene and copolymerization thereof with butadiene in the production of vulcanizable butyl rubber. The polymerization reaction is initiated by halides of tetravalent vanadium, titanium and zirconium. In the presence of activating agents, which are chozen from alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, their amalgams and the hydrogen compounds (hydrides) of the metals of Groups I, II, III and IV of the Periodic Table accelerated by irradiation, particularly by light. The polymerization may be carried out at 0.degree. C to - 140.degree. C with the molecular ratio of the initiator to the activating agent ranging from 100 to 0.01 and its rate is controlled by the intensity of irradiation and by dosing of the catalyst components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1971
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1976
    Assignee: Ceskoslovenska akademie ved
    Inventors: Miroslav Marek, Ludek Toman