Material Contains Halogenated Hydrocarbon Wherein At Least One Halogen Atom Is Other Than Chlorine, And Mixtures Of Water And A Halogenated Hydrocarbon One Ethylenic Monomer Patents (Class 526/206)
  • Patent number: 10723892
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method comprising rotational molding a powdered polyolefin elastomer composition to form a skin, the composition formed by spray drying an aqueous polyolefin dispersion composition which is itself formed by melt blending a polyolefin composition comprising an olefin block copolymer, a dispersing agent, and water, wherein said aqueous dispersion preferably has a pH less than 12.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Parvinder S. Walia, Liang Hong, Mary Ann Jones, David L. Malotky, Manesh Nadupparambil Sekharan
  • Patent number: 10711073
    Abstract: A method of making a branched polymer comprising (C?C)—(C?C)—CO groups is provided. The method comprises: (i) Providing, in admixture, at least one monofunctional monomer comprising one polymerisable carbon-carbon double bond per monomer, at least one multifunctional monomer comprising at least two polymerisable carbon-carbon double bonds per monomer, at least one chain transfer agent comprising a carbonyl group; (ii) Forming a polymer from the mixture; and (iii) Hydrolysing the polymer. A branched polymer is further provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: SYNTHOMER (UK) LIMITED
    Inventors: Peter Shaw, Jon Batty, Virginie Chabrol, Monika Farrell, Lena Sambe
  • Patent number: 10626208
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a vinyl chloride-based copolymer which has good processability and thus is capable of providing molded articles having good appearance characteristics, for example, transparency, a method for preparing the same, a thermoplastic resin composition containing the same, and a thermoplastic resin molded article produced from the thermoplastic resin composition. The vinyl chloride-based copolymer includes N-vinyllactam-based polymer compound derived units and unsaturated fatty acid ester derived units at an appropriate ratio, and may have improved structure stability and good processability due to the N-vinyllactam-based polymer compound derived units and improved plasticity and processability due to the internal plasticizer action of the unsaturated fatty acid ester derived units. Therefore, the vinyl chloride-based copolymer according to the present invention may be easily applied in industries that need thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Kun Ji Kim, Seong Yong Ahn, Se Woong Lee
  • Patent number: 10414848
    Abstract: A living radical polymerization initiator represented by the following: wherein, R1 represents an aromatic, an alkylcarbonyl, an alkoxycarbonyl, an aminocarbonyl, an alkylaminocarbonyl, a dialkylaminocarbonyl, an arylcarbonyl, an alkylsulfonyl, an aryl sulfonyl or combinations thereof; R2, R3, R4 and R5 are a hydrogen, an aliphatic, an aromatic, an alkylcarbonyl, an alkoxycarbonyl, an aminocarbonyl, an alkylaminocarbonyl, a dialkylaminocarbonyl, an arylcarbonyl, a carboxy, an alkylsulfonyl or an aryl sulfonyl; X and Y are a halogen; m and n are an integer of 1 or more, and are non-symmetrical so that X and Y have different reactivities to initiate a living radical polymerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignees: KYOTO UNIVERSITY, GOOD SHIGEN CO., LTD
    Inventors: Atsushi Goto, Michihiko Miyamoto, Hiroto Komatsu, Yu Yamaguchi, Takuya Jitsukawa
  • Patent number: 10253221
    Abstract: To provide an adhesive excellent in heat resistance and adhesive property. An adhesive comprising a fluorinated polymer having a weight average molecular weight (Mw) of from 6×103 to 3×104 and having iodine atoms at both terminals, and a radical generator. The fluorinated polymer has structural units derived from at least one monomer selected from the group consisting of tetrafluoroethylene, vinylidene fluoride, hexafluoropropylene and a perfluoro(alkyl vinyl ether).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: AGC Inc.
    Inventors: Atsushi Funaki, Norihide Sugiyama
  • Patent number: 10077326
    Abstract: A copolymer has high levels of multolefin incorporation. A process for producing the copolymer having high levels of multiolefin incorporation involves contacting at least one isoolefin monomer with at least one multiolefin and/or ?-pinene monomer in the presence of at least one Lewis acid and at least one initiator in a diluent. The diluent contains a hydrofluor-Mated olefin (HFO) comprising at least three carbon atoms and at least three fluorine atoms. Hydrofluorinated olefins used in the present invention are better diluents for butyl slurry cationic polymerization than saturated hydro-fluorocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Assignee: ARLANXEO Canada Inc.
    Inventors: Steven John Teertstra, Paul Nguyen, Jessica Watson, Gilles Arsenault
  • Patent number: 9920141
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing a dispersions of a vinylidene fluoride (VDF) thermoplastic polymer [polymer (F)], said process comprising polymerizing VDF in an aqueous phase comprising: at least one surfactant selected from the group consisting of non-fluorinated surfactants [surfactant (HS)] and fluorinated surfactants having a molecular weight of less than 400 [surfactant (FS)]; and at least one functional (per)fluoropolyether (functional PFPE) comprising at least one (per)fluoropolyoxyalkylene chain [chain (R?F)] and at least one functional group, said functional PFPE having a number average molecular weight of at least 1000 and a solubility in water of less than 1% by weight at 25° C., wherein said functional PFPE is present in the aqueous phase in an amount of 0.001 to 0.3 g/l.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Assignee: SOLVAY SPECIALTY POLYMERS ITALY S.P.A.
    Inventors: Fabrizio Spada, Bradley Lane Kent
  • Patent number: 9803036
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a process for manufacturing a (per)fluoropolymer, said process comprising polymerizing one or more fluorinated monomers in the presence of a multi-phase medium, said medium comprising: (A) a water phase [phase (W)]; (B) at least one fluorinated surfactant [surfactant (FS)] having formula (I) here below: Rf—(OCF2CF2)k-1—O—CF2—COOXa??(I) wherein Rf is a C1-C3 perfluoroalkyl group comprising, optionally, one or more ether oxygen atoms, k is 2 or 3 and Xa is a selected from a monovalent metal and an ammonium group of formula NRN4, wherein RN, equal or different at each occurrence, is a hydrogen atom or a C1-C3 alkyl group; (C) an oil phase [phase (O)] comprising: at least one non-functional (per)fluoropolyether (non-functional PFPE) comprising at least one (per)fluoropolyoxyalkylene chain [chain (RF)] and at least one functional (per)fluoropolyether (functional PFPE) comprising at least one (per)fluoropolyoxyalkylene chain [chain (R?F)] and having a number average molecular weight of
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: Solvay Specialty Polymers Italy S.P.A.
    Inventors: Riccardo Pieri, Valeri Kapeliouchko, Liubov Chernysheva
  • Patent number: 9770327
    Abstract: Methods are provided to make a prosthetic valve having a thin, biocompatible, high-strength, composite material. In one aspect, the composite material maintains flexibility in high-cycle flexural applications, making it particularly applicable to high-flex implants such as a heart valve leaflet. The composite material includes a porous expanded fluoropolymer membrane and an elastomer, wherein the elastomer is present in the pores of the porous expanded fluoropolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2017
    Assignee: W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.
    Inventors: William C. Bruchman, Paul D. Gassler, Cody L. Hartman, Peter J. Walsh
  • Patent number: 9745483
    Abstract: Disclosed is a stretchable ink composition which comprises water, a colorant, a surfactant, and a fluoroelastomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Yiliang Wu, Qi Zhang, Ke Zhou, Yu Qi, Nan-Xing Hu
  • Patent number: 9714304
    Abstract: A process for producing a copolymer involves contacting at least one isoolefin monomer with at least one multiolefin and/or ?-pinene monomer in the presence of at least one Lewis acid and at least one initiator in a diluent. The diluent contains a hydrofluorinated olefin (HFO) comprising a tetrafluorinated propene. Copolymers produced by a process of the present invention have a cyclic oligomer content lower than comparable polymers produced in a butyl rubber slurry process using 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane and/or methyl chloride as a diluent as well as a more favorable ratio of C21/C13. Hydrofluorinated olefins used in the present invention are better diluents for butyl slurry cationic polymerization than saturated hydro fluorocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2017
    Assignee: LANXESS, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul Nguyen, Jessica Watson, Gilles Arsenault
  • Patent number: 9624326
    Abstract: Purpose: To provide a melt-moldable tetrafluoroethylene/perfluoro(alkyl vinyl ether) copolymer with excellent durability without causing an excessive decrease of the melt flow rate and an increase of the perfluoro(alkyl vinyl ether) content. Solution means: A melt-moldable tetrafluoroethylene/perfluoro(alkyl vinyl ether) copolymer, which is characterized in that in a parallel plate mode of a dynamic viscoelasticity measuring device, when the temperature is raised from ?40° C. to 200° C. at 5° C./min while fixing the measuring frequency to 1 Hz, the slope (? tan ?/?T) of the loss tangent (tan ?) measured between two arbitrary points in a range of 50-75° C. and at a temperature difference of 3° C. or higher is always in a range of 0.0005-0.0030, and its preparation method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: DUPONT-MITSUI FLUOROCHEMICALS COMPANY, LTD.
    Inventors: Hitomi Kitagawa, Yuji Mochizuki, Jeong Chang Lee
  • Patent number: 9624362
    Abstract: The present invention provides a processing aid for polyolefins which can eliminate melt fracture occurring at the start of molding in a short time even when a polyolefin, which is a melt-processable polymer, is extrusion-molded at a high speed. The present invention also aims to provide a polyolefin composition containing such a processing aid for polyolefins and a polyolefin. The processing aid for polyolefins contains an ethylene/tetrafluoroethylene copolymer as the only fluoropolymer, the ethylene/tetrafluoroethylene copolymer having a melting point of 170° C. to 270° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Ken Okanishi, Yoshichika Komiya, Takafumi Yamato, Tsuyoshi Miyamori
  • Patent number: 9187589
    Abstract: The present invention provides a novel copolymer of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene and a non-fluorinated ethylenic hydrocarbon monomer. The copolymer contains (A) a 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene unit and (B) a non-fluorinated ethylenic hydrocarbon monomer unit. The copolymerization ratio (mol % ratio) of (A) and (B) is 99.9:0.1 to 0.1:99.9 and the number average molecular weight of the copolymer is 1000 to 1000000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Yuji Imahori, Katsuhiko Imoto
  • Publication number: 20150141604
    Abstract: To provide a curable fluorinated polymer which is excellent in curability, and a fluorinated polymer cured product which is excellent in heat resistance and chemical resistance and which exhibits excellent properties as an elastomer. A curable fluorinated polymer having constituent units (A) based on fluoromonoenes (a) and constituent units (B) based on a non-cyclopolymerizable fluorodiene (b), in which the content of polymerizable double bonds is from 0.01 to 0.5 mmol/g, and of which the intrinsic viscosity is from 0.1 to 1 dL/g, and a fluorinated polymer cured product obtained by curing the curable fluorinated polymer in the presence of an organic peroxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2015
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: ASAHI GLASS COMPANY, LIMITED
    Inventors: Norihide SUGIYAMA, Hiromasa YAMAMOTO, Akinobu KUNIMOTO, Masahiro OHKURA
  • Patent number: 9018325
    Abstract: A nonmetallic compound having an ionic bond with a halide ion is used as a catalyst for living radical polymerization. Even if a radical initiator is not used, a monomer can be subjected to a radical polymerization to obtain a polymer having narrow molecular weight distribution. The cost of the living radical polymerization can be remarkably reduced, and it is made possible to prevent adverse effects of using a radical initiator (such as side reactions). The present invention is significantly more environmentally friendly and economically excellent than conventional living radical polymerization methods, due to advantages such as low toxicity of the catalyst, low amount of the catalyst necessary, high solubility of the catalyst, mild reaction conditions, and no coloration/no odor, etc. The catalyst can be applied to various monomers and enables synthesis of high molecular weight polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Kyoto University
    Inventors: Atsushi Goto, Hironori Kaji
  • Patent number: 8987399
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions of the present invention include trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoroprop-1-ene and isobutylene. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions can be used in polymerization processes, including slurry polymerization processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Raymond H. Thomas, Hang T. Pham, Rajiv R. Singh
  • Patent number: 8877870
    Abstract: A fluorinated elastic copolymer which has iodine atoms, bromine atoms, or both iodine and bromine atoms, at its molecular terminals and which includes repeating units (a) based on tetrafluoroethylene, repeating units (b) based on a fluorinated monomer having one polymerizable unsaturated bond (provided that tetrafluoroethylene is excluded), and repeating units (c) based on a fluorinated monomer having at least two polymerizable unsaturated bonds, wherein the ratio (molar ratio) of the repeating units (a) to the repeating units (b) is (a)/(b)=40/60 to 90/10, and the proportion of the repeating units (c) based on the total amount of the repeating units (a) and the repeating units (b) is from 0.01 to 1 mol %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Hiroshi Funaki, Kunio Watanabe, Keigo Matsuura, Ng Soon Yeng
  • Patent number: 8835551
    Abstract: Iodine containing amorphous fluoropolymers having at least one fluoropolymer with a cure site, where the fluoropolymer has a Mooney viscosity of 2 or less (ML 1+10) at 100° C. according to ASTM D1646, and a peel strength to a roll mill of 10 dN/cm or less and methods for making such iodine containing amorphous fluoropolymers are described. Articles derived from the cured product of such iodine containing amorphous fluoropolymers are also described. Solutions, dispersions and coatings derived from such iodine containing amorphous fluoropolymers are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Tatsuo Fukushi, Peter J. Scott, Cynthia N. Ferguson, Werner M. A. Grootaert, Denis Duchesne, Yeng Moua, Larry A. Last, Terri A. Shefelbine, Luke M. B. Rodgers
  • Patent number: 8742045
    Abstract: Provided is a method of living radical polymerization which does not necessitate complicated and intricate synthesis of a dormant species and which is highly efficient. A halogenated derivative compound is used as a dormant species for initiating living radical polymerization. The derivative compound is obtained by halogenating an alcohol compound having a non-conjugated structure or an amine compound having a non-conjugated structure with a halogenating agent capable of halogenating an alcohol or amine. A radical produced by elimination of halogen from the halogenated derivative compound is allowed to react with the unsaturated bond of the monomer. Thus, the monomer, which has a radical-reactive unsaturated bond, is polymerized by living radical polymerization. Preferably, the halogenating agent is a compound (NIS or the like) which also has a function as a catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Kyoto University
    Inventors: Atsushi Goto, Jeong Sik Kim, Yoshinobu Tsujii, Takeshi Fukuda
  • Publication number: 20140128559
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions of the present invention include trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoroprop-1-ene and isobutylene. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions can be used in polymerization processes, including slurry polymerization processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Applicant: Honeywell International, Inc.
    Inventors: Raymond H. Thomas, Hang T. Pham, Rajiv R. Singh
  • Patent number: 8716419
    Abstract: To provide a fluorinated elastic copolymer having high crosslinkability, having high flowability and excellent in the compression set and the resistance to bases, and its production process. A process for producing a fluorinated elastic copolymer, which comprises copolymerizing (a) tetrafluoroethylene and (b) propylene and as the case requires, (c) a perfluoro(alkyl vinyl ether) in the presence of an iodine compound represented by the formula RI2 (wherein R is a hydrocarbon group or perfluoroalkyl group having at least 3 carbon atoms) at a temperature of from 0° C. to 50° C., and a fluorinated elastic copolymer obtained by the production process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Takehiro Kose, Mitsuru Seki, Hiroshi Funaki, Yasuhiko Matsuoka
  • Patent number: 8575285
    Abstract: Provided is a catalyst used for a living radical polymerization method, which contains a central element consisting of carbon and at least one halogen atom binding to the central element. Further, a hydrocarbon compound can be used as a catalyst precursor. A monomer having a radical-reactive unsaturated bond is subjected to a radical polymerization reaction in the presence of the catalyst, consequently a polymer having narrow molecular weight distribution can be obtained, and thus the cost of the living radical polymerization can be remarkably reduced. The present invention is significantly more environmentally friendly and economically excellent than conventional living radical polymerization methods, due to advantages such as low toxicity of the catalyst, low amount of the catalyst used, high solubility of the catalyst, mild reaction conditions, and no coloration/no odor (no need of any post-treatments for a molded article), and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Kyoto University
    Inventors: Atsushi Goto, Yoshinobu Tsujii, Takeshi Fukuda
  • Publication number: 20130217847
    Abstract: Preparation of isobutene homopolymers having a weight-average molecular weight of 75 000 to 10 000 000 by polymerization of isobutene, by (a) performing the polymerization at ?80° C. to ?190° C., (b) using, as an inert solvent, optionally halogenated C1 to C5 hydrocarbons, (c) using, as a polymerization catalyst, a Lewis acid complex, (d) performing the polymerization in the presence of at least one reaction accelerator in the form of an ethylenically saturated hydrocarbon compound comprising one oxygen atom and no abstractable proton, and (e) performing the polymerization in the presence of at least one chain length regulator comprising one tertiary olefinic carbon atom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2013
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Inventors: Thomas WETTLING, Stefan Hirsch, Markus Brym, Markus Weis
  • Patent number: 8501881
    Abstract: The present application provides a process for polymerizing at least one olefin in the presence of a polymerization catalyst, including: (A) continuously introducing a first liquid with a transition metal compound, an organometallic compound, and a solvent and a second liquid into an emulsification stage, (B) continuously withdrawing the emulsion and directing it into a solidification stage to form a slurry with a solid polymerization catalyst component, (C) continuously recovering the solid polymerization catalyst component, (D) directing the solid polymerization catalyst component into a first prepolymerization stage with a monomer and a second liquid to form a slurry, (E) recovering a prepolymerized solid polymerization catalyst component, (F) continuously introducing the prepolymerized solid polymerization catalyst component into a second prepolymerization stage with an olefin monomer to form a prepolymerized catalyst, and (G) continuously withdrawing the prepolymerized catalyst and directing it into a su
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Borealis AG
    Inventors: Jeannette Aumo, Pasi Matikainen, Michael Bartke, Tom Elovirta, Sameer Vijay, Mikko Lylykangas, Pertti Elo, Lauri Huhtanen
  • Patent number: 8492491
    Abstract: Provided herein are methods for the preparation of telechelic polyolefins via polymerization reaction with a terpene initiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron Oronite Company LLC
    Inventors: Casey D. Stokes, Young A. Chang
  • Patent number: 8481661
    Abstract: A noncrystalline fluoroelastomer which is a copolymer consisting essentially of vinylidene fluoride and a fluoromonomer represented by the general formula (1): CH2?CFRf??(1) wherein Rf is a straight or branched fluoroalkyl group containing 1 to 12 carbon atoms, and has a vinylidene fluoride units/fluoromonomer units mol ratio of 78/22 to 22/78 and a glass transition temperature of not higher than 25° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigeru Morita, Masanori Kitaichi, Shouji Fukuoka, Daisuke Ota
  • Patent number: 8470942
    Abstract: The claimed invention relates to a method for producing a melt-moldable tetrafluoroethylene copolymer containing repeating units (a) based on tetrafluoroethylene and repeating units (b) based on another fluoromonomer, wherein the amount of the repeating units (a), based on the total mass of the repeating units (a) and the repeating units (b), is from 97.3 to 99.5 mass %, and the volume flow rate of the copolymer is from 0.1 to 1000 mm3/s; the process including radical suspension-polymerization of tetrafluoroethylene and the fluoromonomer in an aqueous medium in the presence of a radical polymerization initiator and at least one chain transfer agent selected from the group consisting of methane, ethane, a hydrochlorocarbon, a hydrofluorocarbon and a hydrochlorofluorocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Atsushi Funaki, Shigeki Kobayashi, Hiroki Nagai
  • Patent number: 8470034
    Abstract: The material of the invention is obtained by radical polymerization from a mixture of acrylic and/or methacrylic monomers. The mixture further contains at least one transfer agent, preferably from the thiol family, that substantially enhances the flexibility of the polymer material thus obtained, and reduces the tackiness thereof. The polymer material thus obtained is intended for making ophthalmologic implants, and more particularly, intraocular lenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Acrylian
    Inventor: Jean Terrisse
  • Publication number: 20130158218
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions of the present technology include methyl chloride and at least one hydrofluorocarbon or hydrofluoro-olefin. In some examples, the at least one hydrofluorocarbon or hydrofluoro-olefin can be selected from the group consisting of 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane and 1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions can be used as solvents or diluents in polymerization processes, including slurry polymerization processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Raymond Hilton Thomas, Hang T. Pham, Rajiv Ratna Singh, Natalie Merrill
  • Publication number: 20130090439
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods of producing polymerized 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (poly-1234yf) using one or a combination of the techniques provided herein. In certain embodiments, such techniques include (1) emulsion polymerization; (2) suspension polymerization; (3) solution polymerization; (4) supercritical carbon dioxide polymerization; (5) transition metal catalyzed polymerization; (6) radiation or thermal polymerization; and combinations thereof. A wide array of initiators, catalysts, and solvents may be used in such polymerization processes and may include, but are not limited to, (1) radical initiators; (2) ionic initiators; and (3) single-site and multiple-site catalysts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventor: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
  • Patent number: 8383742
    Abstract: The present application relates to a rubber composition containing a fluororubber, a radical initiator having a 1-minute half-life temperature of 280° C. or higher, and a crosslinking assistant having a melting point of 200° C. or higher and having two or more double bonds between carbon atoms; and a thermoplastic resin composition containing a fluororesin and the rubber composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: Olympus Corporation
    Inventors: Takeshi Iizuka, Hirokazu Kamioka, Takeshi Kida
  • Patent number: 8378063
    Abstract: A process for producing fluoropolymer particles includes preparing a solution/dispersion containing fluoropolymer dissolved/dispersed in a first solvent such that the swelling of fluoropolymer by the first solvent is from 50 to 1,200%, and mixing the solution/dispersion with a second solvent such that fluoropolymer forms particles and the swelling of fluoropolymer by the mixture of the first and second solvents is from 0 to 100%. WC/WB is in the range of from 1 to 5, WB represents mass of the first solvent, WC/ represents mass of the second solvent, WC/WB represents a ratio of the mass of the second solvent to the mass of the first solvent. SBC/SB is at most 0.5. SBC represents the swelling by the mixture of the first and second solvents, SB represents the swelling by the first solvent, and SBC/SB represents a ratio of the swelling by the mixture to the swelling by the first solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Susumu Saito, Tetsuji Shimohira, Takashi Saeki, Junichi Tayanagi
  • Publication number: 20120289661
    Abstract: To provide a fluorinated elastic copolymer which is excellent in crosslinking reactivity and extrusion moldability and which is curable to obtain a rubber excellent in permanent compression set resistance, base resistance and oil resistance and particularly suitable as a covering material for electric wires. A fluorinated elastic copolymer obtained by copolymerizing tetrafluoroethylene, propylene and optionally another monomer, wherein the molar ratio (a)/(b) of repeating units (a) derived from tetrafluoroethylene to repeating units (b) derived from propylene in the fluorinated elastic copolymer is from 60/40 to 75/25, and repeating units (c) derived from said another monomer is from 0 to 10 mol % in the fluorinated elastic copolymer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2012
    Publication date: November 15, 2012
    Applicant: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Takehiro Kose, Mitsuru Seki, Go Mizuno
  • Patent number: 8309641
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a curable composition comprising a curable fluoroelastomer, a curative and an acid acceptor selected from the group consisting of a hydrous bismuth oxide nitrate compound and bismuth oxide. Cured articles made therefrom are resistant to volume swell in acids, coolant and in biofuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2012
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Donald F. Lyons, Tsuyoshi Kawai
  • Publication number: 20120245315
    Abstract: A process for the suspension polymerization of styrene monomer to produce polystyrene comprising the steps of (a) heating a polymerization suspension comprising the styrene monomer to a temperature of at least 60° C., (b) dosing an initiator to said heated polymerization suspension during the polymerization reaction over a period of more than 90 minutes to less than 5 hours, in a continuous manner or intermittently in at least 2 portions, said period starting at a monomer conversion of 65% of less and said initiator having a half-life at the temperature at which it is dosed of not more than 60 minutes, wherein a brominated flame retardant is present in the polymerization suspension during the polymerization reaction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2010
    Publication date: September 27, 2012
    Applicant: AKZO NOBEL CHEMICALS INTERNATIONAL B.V.
    Inventors: Andreas Herman Hogt, Bart Fischer
  • Publication number: 20120231369
    Abstract: The present invention describes the synthesis of new fluorinated elastomers with very low glass transition temperatures (Tg), a good resistance to bases, gasoline and other carburants and good workability properties, these elastomers contain hexafluoropropene (HFP), perfluoro(4-methyl-3,6-dioxaoct-7-ene) sulfonyl fluoride (PFSO2F), vinylidene fluoride (VDF) and/or at least one fluorinated alkene and/or one vinyl perfluorinated ether. In a precise case, they are prepared by radical polymerisation of HFP and PFSO2F or by radical terpolymerisation HFP, PFSO2F and VDF in the presence of different organic initiator, such as peroxides, peresters or diazo compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2012
    Publication date: September 13, 2012
    Applicant: HYDRO QUEBEC
    Inventors: Bruno Michel Ameduri, Michel Armand, Mario Boucher, Abdellatif Manseri
  • Publication number: 20120190796
    Abstract: To provide a fluorinated elastic copolymer excellent in crosslinkability irrespective of the molecular weight and a process for its production, as well as a crosslinked rubber article. A fluorinated elastic copolymer which has iodine atoms, bromine atoms, or both iodine and bromine atoms, at its molecular terminals and which comprises repeating units (a) based on tetrafluoroethylene, repeating units (b) based on a fluorinated monomer having one polymerizable unsaturated bond (provided that tetrafluoroethylene is excluded), and repeating units (c) based on a fluorinated monomer having at least two polymerizable unsaturated bonds, wherein the ratio (molar ratio) of the repeating units (a) to the repeating units (b) is (a)/(b)?40/60 to 90/10, and the proportion of the repeating units (c) based on the total amount of the repeating units (a) and the repeating units (b) is from 0.01 to 1 mol %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2011
    Publication date: July 26, 2012
    Applicant: ASAHI GLASS COMPANY, LIMITED
    Inventors: Hiroshi Funaki, Kunio Watanabe, Keigo Matsuura, Ng Soon Yeng
  • Patent number: 8193397
    Abstract: A hydrofluoroether compound comprises two terminal, independently fluoroalkyl or perfluoroalkyl groups and an intervening oxytetrafluoroethylidene moiety (—OCF(CF3)—) bonded through its central carbon atom to an alkoxy- or fluoroalkoxy-substituted fluoromethylene moiety (—CF(OR)—), each of the terminal groups optionally comprising at least one catenated heteroatom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Richard M. Flynn, Michael G. Costello, Daniel R. Vitcak
  • Patent number: 8097673
    Abstract: An aqueous fluoropolymer dispersion comprising an aqueous medium, fluoropolymer particles, and an amine oxide surfactant. Coagulated fluoropolymer resin is produced from the dispersion by adding an acidic reagent in sufficient amount to cause coagulation and separation of the coagulated fluoropolymer resin from the aqueous medium. Another particulate component such as particular polymer, filler, pigment, solid lubricant, etc., may be added to the dispersion and co-coagulated to form a mixture of coagulated fluoropolymer resin and particulate component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2012
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Clay Woodward Jones
  • Patent number: 8092736
    Abstract: A composition and its use as a mold release composition are disclosed. The composition comprises a fluorotelomer, which comprises repeat units derived from a fluoroalkene, and optionally a comonomer, and has an endgroup derived from an alcohol, an alcohol derivative, or a combination thereof, and said fluorotelomer has or comprises a structure depicted as H(CX2)pBqDr or a mixture of structures depicted as H(CX2)pBq and H(CX2)pDr, wherein each X is independently H or F, provided at least one X is F, p is a number from about 16 to about 1500, B represents a unit derived from a hydrofluorocarbon, q is a number from 0.02 to 0.4, D represents an endgroup derived from said alcohol, alcohol derivative, or combination thereof, and r is a number 0.2 to 1.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Robert Harvey Moffett
  • Patent number: 8076386
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a material for use in imprint lithography that features a composition having a viscosity associated therewith and including a surfactant, a polymerizable component, and an initiator responsive to a stimuli to vary the viscosity in response thereto, with the composition, in a liquid state, having the viscosity being lower than about 100 centipoises, a vapor pressure of less than about 20 Torr, and in a solid cured state a tensile modulus of greater than about 100 MPa, a break stress of greater than about 3 MPa and an elongation at break of greater than about 2%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignees: Molecular Imprints, Inc., Board of Regents, The University of Texas
    Inventors: Frank Y. Xu, Michael P. C. Watts, Nicholas A. Stacey
  • Publication number: 20110275775
    Abstract: Provided is a catalyst used for a living radical polymerization method, which contains a central element consisting of carbon and at least one halogen atom binding to the central element. Further, a hydrocarbon compound can be used as a catalyst precursor. A monomer having a radical-reactive unsaturated bond is subjected to a radical polymerization reaction in the presence of the catalyst, consequently a polymer having narrow molecular weight distribution can be obtained, and thus the cost of the living radical polymerization can be remarkably reduced. The present invention is significantly more environmentally friendly and economically excellent than conventional living radical polymerization methods, due to advantages such as low toxicity of the catalyst, low amount of the catalyst used, high solubility of the catalyst, mild reaction conditions, and no coloration/no odor (no need of any post-treatments for a molded article), and the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 8, 2009
    Publication date: November 10, 2011
    Applicant: Kyoto University
    Inventors: Atsushi Goto, Yoshinobu Tsujii, Takeshi Fukuda
  • Patent number: 8008412
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process to polymerize olefins comprising contacting propylene, at a temperature of 65° C. to 150° C. and a pressure of 1.72 to 34.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Patrick Brant, Kiss Gabor, Chris B. Friedersdorf, James R. Lattner, Gary L. Casty
  • Publication number: 20110207889
    Abstract: To provide a fluorinated elastic copolymer having a high crosslinkability and flowability and excellent in the compression set and the resistance to bases, and a process for its production, and a crosslinked rubber. A fluorinated elastic copolymer having repeating units (A) based on at least one monomer (a) selected from the group consisting of tetrafluoroethylene, hexafluoropropylene, vinylidene fluoride, chlorotrifluoroethylene and a perfluoro(alkyl vinyl ether), repeating units (B) based on at least one monomer (b) selected from the group consisting of vinyl crotonate, divinyl adipate and 1,4-butanediol divinyl ether and, as the case requires, repeating units (C) based on at least one monomer (c) selected from ethylene or propylene, and having iodine atoms, and a crosslinked rubber obtained by crosslinking the fluorinated elastic copolymer by an organic peroxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2011
    Publication date: August 25, 2011
    Applicant: ASAHI GLASS COMPANY, LIMITED
    Inventors: Takehiro Kose, Mitsuru Seki
  • Patent number: 7999013
    Abstract: Hydrophobic coating compositions are provided as are processes to coat articles with the compositions. Extremely hydrophobic coatings are provided by the compositions. Durable, weatherable and scratch-resistant coatings are provided by compositions comprising a trifluoromethyl-containing component and a hardenable material. Weatherable coatings are also provided by compositions comprising a mobile non-volatile fluorinated component and a hardenable material. Processes are also provided for forming hydrophobic coatings on articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Cytonix, LLC
    Inventor: James F. Brown
  • Patent number: 7977438
    Abstract: A process for polymerizing at least one fluorinated monomer in an aqueous polymerization medium in the presence of initiator and polymerization agent to form an aqueous dispersion of particles of fluoropolymer having a fluoropolymers solids content of at least about 10% by weight. The polymerization agent is a combination of fluoropolyether acid or salt thereof and siloxane surfactant. The aqueous polymerization medium contains less than about 300 ppm of perfluoroalkane carboxylic acid or salt fluorosurfactants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Paul Douglas Brothers, Subhash Vishnu Gangal
  • Patent number: 7956112
    Abstract: An aqueous fluoropolymer dispersion comprising an aqueous medium, fluoropolymer particles, and an amine oxide surfactant. Coagulated fluoropolymer resin is produced from the dispersion by adding an acidic reagent in sufficient amount to cause coagulation and separation of the coagulated fluoropolymer resin from the aqueous medium. Another particulate component such as particular polymer, filler, pigment, solid lubricant, etc., may be added to the dispersion and co-coagulated to form a mixture of coagulated fluoropolymer resin and particulate component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Clay Woodward Jones
  • Patent number: 7932333
    Abstract: A process comprising polymerizing at least one fluorinated monomer in an aqueous medium containing initiator and polymerization agent to form an aqueous dispersion of particles of fluoropolymer, the polymerization agent comprising fluoropolyether acid or salt thereof having a number average molecular weight of at least about 800 g/mol; and fluoropolyether acid or salt surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2011
    Assignee: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Paul Douglas Brothers, Subash Vishnu Gangal
  • Patent number: 7905263
    Abstract: The present invention provides an elastomeric composition processable in a curable, filled rubber formulation. The composition comprises a halogenated interpolymer of a C4 to C7 isoolefin and from 3 to 20 weight percent alkylstyrene and comprising from 0.2 to 2 mole percent haloalkylstyrene, a Mooney viscosity less than 37, a number average molecular weight less than 270,000, a weight average molecular weight less than 470,000, a z-average molecular weight less than 700,000, and a branching index (g?) from 0.4 to 1.1. Also disclosed are a method of making a cured, filled rubber article, comprising compounding the elastomeric composition with filler and curative, processing the compounded composition to form a shape of the article, and curing the composition to obtain the article in the formed shape, as well as a tire comprising an innerliner made by the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Mun Fu Tse, Dirk Frans Rouckhout, Donald Sheley Tracey, Walter Harvey Waddell