Organic Compound Contains Hexavalent S Atom, E.g., Organosulfate, Sulfonate, Etc. Patents (Class 526/225)
  • Patent number: 9534106
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing a dispersion of a vinylidene fluoride (VDF) thermoplastic polymer [polymer (F)], said process comprising polymerizing VDF in an aqueous phase comprising from 0.5 to 1.5 g/l of at least one surfactant of formula F—(CF2CF2)3—CH2CH2—SO3Xa, wherein Xa is H, a alkali metal or a NRH4 group, with RH being H or a C1-C6 hydrocarbon group [surfactant (T)] and an organic oxidizing agent [agent (O)] as polymerization initiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: SOLVAY SPECIALTY POLYMERS ITALY S.P.A.
    Inventors: Bradley Lane Kent, Valeriy Kapelyushko, Giulio Brinati, Alessandro Veneroni
  • Patent number: 9328176
    Abstract: A functional styrene-butadiene copolymer is disclosed. More specifically, the copolymer is prepared by radical polymerization of a styrene monomer, a butadiene monomer and an epoxy acrylate monomer in an emulsion state and ring-opening of the resultant styrene-butadiene-epoxy acrylate copolymer. When blended with silica, the disclosed copolymer provides excellent wet stopping performance and superior wear resistance. Therefore, it can be usefully applied for industrial materials including fuel-efficient tires, snow tires, belts, hoses, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: KOREA KUMHO PETROCHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Gwanghoon Kwag, Hoo Chae Kim, Donghyuk Na, Hyun-jong Paik, Jongyeop Lee
  • Patent number: 8987396
    Abstract: Polymer polyols having a solids content of greater than 40 wt. %, a total ethylene oxide content of up to 25 wt. %, and a viscosity at 25° C. of less than 15,000 centistokes are produced by reacting (1) a base polyol having active hydrogen atoms with an ethylene oxide content of from 15 to 40 wt. % that has been formed in the presence of a double metal cyanide (DMC) catalyst, (2) one or more unsaturated monomers, (3) at least one radical initiator, optionally (4) a preformed stabilizer and optionally (5) a chain transfer agent. These polymer polyols (PMPOs) are useful in the preparation of polyurethane foams and elastomers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Bayer MaterialScience LLC
    Inventors: Rick L. Adkins, Jose F. Pazos, Stanley L. Hager
  • Patent number: 8969437
    Abstract: The invention provides a compound which is useful in production of a fluoropolymer and easy to be removed from the produced fluoropolymer, a method of producing the compound, and a method of producing a fluoropolymer using the compound. The invention provides a compound which is represented by Rf1—CH2O—CF2—CHF—Rf2—X, wherein Rf1 represents a fluoroalkyl group containing 1 to 5 carbon atoms, Rf2 represents a fluoroalkylene group containing 1 to 3 carbon atoms, X represents —COOM or —SO3M, and M represents one of H, K, Na, and NH4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuhiko Tsuda, Akinari Sugiyama
  • Patent number: 8936797
    Abstract: The present invention relates to polymer ic thickener compositions comprising at least one water-swellable crosslinked copolymer, a process for preparing such compositions and their use as a thickener, e.g., in cosmetic, dermatologic, pharmaceutical or veterinary formulations. The water-swellable crosslinked copolymer according to the present invention is prepared from a mixture comprising (a) acrylamide, (b) an acrylamidoalkylsulfonic acid and/or a salt thereof and (c) an amine-based polyfunctional crosslinking agent comprising at least three allylic functions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: S.P.C.M. S.A.
    Inventor: Frédéric Blondel
  • Patent number: 8895681
    Abstract: Amorphous hydrofluoroolefin telomers are prepared by a free-radical polymerization process conducted at high temperature and pressure in the presence of non-monomeric chain transfer agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Jon Lee Howell, Clay Woodward Jones, Robert Clayton Wheland
  • Patent number: 8871882
    Abstract: A method for the preparation of a fluoropolymer by means of emulsion polymerization of a reaction mixture in an aqueous medium is disclosed wherein the reaction mixture includes a fluoromonomer having the structure of wherein R1, R2, and R3 are each independently hydrogen atoms, alkyl groups, substituted alkyl groups, or halogens, wherein at least one of R1, R2, and R3 is a fluorine atom, and wherein R is each independently a substituent on the styrenic ring, n is an integer from 0 to 5 representing the number of the substituents on the styrenic ring; b) an emulsion stabilizer combination comprising: i) an anionic surfactant; and, ii) a cationic surfactant or a non-ionic surfactant; and, c) a free-radical initiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Akron Polymer Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Xiaoliang Zheng, Dong Zhang, Jiaokai Jing, Ted Calvin Germroth, Frank W. Harris, Thauming Kuo, Bin Wang, Douglas Stephens McWilliams
  • Patent number: 8871406
    Abstract: A highly proton conductive polymer electrolyte composite membrane for a fuel cell is provided. The composite membrane includes crosslinked polyvinylsulfonic acid. The composite membrane is produced by impregnating a mixed solution of vinylsulfonic acid as a monomer, a hydroxyl group-containing bisacrylamide as a crosslinking agent and a photoinitiator or thermal initiator into a microporous polymer support, polymerizing the monomer, and simultaneously thermal-crosslinking or photo-crosslinking the polymer to form a chemically crosslinked polymer electrolyte membrane which is also physically crosslinked with the porous support. Further provided is a method for producing the composite membrane in a simple manner at low cost as well as a fuel cell using the composite membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Young Woo Choi, Chang Soo Kim, Gu Gon Park, Seok Hee Park, Sung Dae Lim, Tae Hyun Yang, Young Gi Yoon, Min Jin Kim, Kyoung Youn Kim, Young Jun Sohn, Won Yong Lee, Mi-Soon Lee
  • Patent number: 8835565
    Abstract: Preformed stabilizers useful for the production of low viscosity, high solids polymer polyols are produced by free-radical polymerization of: (a) at least one ethylenically unsaturated macromolecule or macromer with (b) at least three different ethylenically unsaturated monomers in the presence of (c) at least one free-radical polymerization initiator, and, optionally, (d) a liquid diluent, and, optionally, (e) a chain transfer agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Bayer MaterialScience LLC
    Inventors: Jiong England, Rick L. Adkins, Brian L. Neal, William Gill
  • Publication number: 20140186445
    Abstract: A method for the production of biodegradable nanoparticles with an average particle size of less than 400 nm. In a first step, a macromonomer is prepared in a ring opening polymerization process between a hydrophilic acrylate compound (A) as an initiator and hydrophobic cyclic monomers (B), wherein the macromonomer comprises at least two repetitive units based on the cyclic monomer. In a second step, this macromonomer or a mixture of macromonomers and/or commercial biocompatible monomers is polymerized, e.g. in a starved, miniemulsion or emulsion radical polymerization in water in the presence of a surfactant to the nanoparticle without necessitating additional subsequent steps for the actual production of the nanoparticles. The correspondingly made nanoparticles and uses thereof also are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2012
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: ETH ZURICH
    Inventors: Davide Moscatelli, Marco Lattuada, Massimo Morbideli, Yingchuan Yu
  • Patent number: 8697822
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for the polymerization in an aqueous medium of monomers, and especially of fluoromonomers, using non-fluorinated surfactants; and the fluoropolymers formed therefrom. Specifically, the method of the polymerization uses one or more non-fluorinated surfactants selected from the group consisting of polyvinylphosphonic acid, polyacrylic acids, polyvinyl sulfonic acid, and salts thereof. Additionally, the use of polyvinylphosphonic acid, polyacrylic acids, polyvinyl sulfonic acid as surfactants in aqueous free radical polymerization is also novel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Arkema Inc.
    Inventors: Mehdi Durali, Lotfi Hedhli, Ramin Amin-Sanayei
  • Patent number: 8691482
    Abstract: The instant disclosure describes methods for preparing latex resins for coated carriers using surfactant partitioning, which resins exhibit both lower ? potential and greater latex stability, while not adversely affecting particle size, toner charge or other metrics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Daryl W Vanbesien, Michael Steven Hawkins, Corey Tracy, Richard P N Veregin, Karen A Moffat, Paul Joseph Gerroir, Thomas E Enright, Valerie Farrugia
  • Publication number: 20130345381
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for synthesizing 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene containing fluoropolymers using non-fluorinated surfactants in an emulsion process. No fluorinated surfactants are used in the process, and a persulfate initiator is used as the primary initiator. The process produces high molecular weight copolymers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Inventors: Ramin Amin-Sanayei, Caiping Lin, Cedric Airaud
  • Publication number: 20130316178
    Abstract: Providing a process for advantageously producing spherical particles of furfuryl alcohol resin using only furfuryl alcohol without using a harmful aldehyde as a starting material. In the process, furfuryl alcohol is subjected to a self-condensation reaction in the presence of an acid catalyst, whereby a fluidic condensation resin of furfuryl alcohol is obtained. The condensation resin of furfuryl alcohol is granulated and cured using water as a reaction medium in the presence of a dispersion stabilizer and an acid catalyst having a pKa of not more than 1.5, whereby spherical cured resin particles are formed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2013
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: Asahi Organic Chemicals Industry Co., LTD.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro MATSUMOTO, Yuta MURAI
  • Publication number: 20130267669
    Abstract: Provided herein are methods for the preparation of telechelic polyolefins via polymerization reaction with a terpene initiator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2013
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Inventors: Casey D. Stokes, Young Chang
  • Patent number: 8519072
    Abstract: A process comprising polymerizing at least one fluorinated monomer in an aqueous medium containing initiator and polymerization agent to form an aqueous dispersion of particles of fluoropolymer, the polymerization agent comprising: fluoropolyether acid or salt thereof having a number average molecular weight of at least about 800 g/mol; and fluorosurfactant having the formula: [R1—On-L-A?]Y+ wherein: R1 is a linear or branched partially or fully fluorinated aliphatic group which may contain ether linkages; n is 0 or 1; L is a linear or branched alkylene group which may be nonfluorinated, partially fluorinated or fully fluorinated and which may contain ether linkages; A? is an anionic group selected from the group consisting of carboxylate, sulfonate, sulfonamide anion, and phosphonate; and Y+ is hydrogen, ammonium or alkali metal cation; with the proviso that the chain length of R1—On-L- is not greater than 6 atoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Paul Douglas Brothers, Subhash Vishnu Gangal
  • Publication number: 20130217849
    Abstract: A composition comprising a mixture of fluoropolyether acids or salts having a number average value of about 800 to about 2500 g/mol. The amount of fluoropolyether acids or salt in the mixture having a molecular weight of not more than 500 g/mol is not more than 50 ppm by weight of the total amount of fluoropolyether acids or salts in the mixture. The amount of fluoropolyether acids or salts in the mixture having a molecular weight of 2500 g/mol or greater is not more than 40% by weight of the total amount of fluoropolyether acids or salts in the mixture. Preferably the fluoropolyether acids or salts comprise an anionic group selected from the group consisting of carboxylate, sulfonate, sulfonamide anion and phosphonate. Also disclosed is an aqueous dispersion polymerization process for fluoropolymer manufacture employing polymerization agent comprising the specified mixture of fluoropolyether acids or salts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2013
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: E I Du Pont De Nemours And Company
  • Patent number: 8487060
    Abstract: Provided is a polychloroprene latex extremely favorable in adhesive properties. The present invention relates to a method of producing a polychloroprene latex, comprising polymerizing chloroprene or a mixture of chloroprene and a monomer copolymerizable with chloroprene in an aqueous medium containing a surfactant at a concentration of lower than its critical micelle concentration (CMC) and a polymer dispersant of a metal salt of aromatic sulfonic acid formalin condensate added thereto. The polymer dispersant for use is preferably a metal salt of aromatic sulfonic acid formalin condensate. The polychloroprene latex obtained can be used as an adhesive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignees: Denki Kagaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha, Tohoku University
    Inventors: Naoki Kobayashi, Mikio Konno, Daisuke Nagao, Yoshihiro Mashiko, Toshiaki Otsu
  • Patent number: 8399703
    Abstract: The invention provides a compound which is useful in production of a fluoropolymer and easy to be removed from the produced fluoropolymer, a method of producing the compound, and a method of producing a fluoropolymer using the compound. The invention provides a compound which is represented by Rf1—CH2O—CF2—CHF—Rf2—X, wherein Rf1 represents a fluoroalkyl group containing 1 to 5 carbon atoms, Rf2 represents a fluoroalkylene group containing 1 to 3 carbon atoms, X represents —COOM or —SO3M, and M represents one of H, K, Na, and NH4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuhiko Tsuda, Akinari Sugiyama
  • Patent number: 8383733
    Abstract: The present invention relates to novel polymer polyols which have low viscosities and high hydroxyl numbers, and to a process for the preparation of these novel polymer polyols. These polymer polyols have hydroxyl numbers of ?20, solids contents of about 30 to about 65% by weight and a viscosity that is less than or equal to: be[2.7c]. These comprise the reaction product of a base polyol, a preformed stabilizer and at least one ethylenically unsaturated monomer, in the presence of a free-radical polymerization initiator and at least one polymer control agent. The base polyol has a hydroxyl number of 60 to 1900, a functionality of 1 to 10, and an equivalent weight of 30 to 900.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: Bayer MaterialScience LLC
    Inventors: Rick L. Adkins, Shriniwas S. Chauk
  • Publication number: 20130044365
    Abstract: A method of preparing a monodisperse particle may include mixing at least two types of monomers in a solvent, placing an initiator in the solvent, and forming a particle having a copolymer shape by polymerizing the at least two types of monomers. The particle may have a size controlled by a content of the at least two types of monomers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Publication date: February 21, 2013
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Moon Gyu Han, Chang Gyun Shin, HongShik Shim, Seog-jin Jeon
  • Publication number: 20120231369
    Abstract: The present invention describes the synthesis of new fluorinated elastomers with very low glass transition temperatures (Tg), a good resistance to bases, gasoline and other carburants and good workability properties, these elastomers contain hexafluoropropene (HFP), perfluoro(4-methyl-3,6-dioxaoct-7-ene) sulfonyl fluoride (PFSO2F), vinylidene fluoride (VDF) and/or at least one fluorinated alkene and/or one vinyl perfluorinated ether. In a precise case, they are prepared by radical polymerisation of HFP and PFSO2F or by radical terpolymerisation HFP, PFSO2F and VDF in the presence of different organic initiator, such as peroxides, peresters or diazo compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2012
    Publication date: September 13, 2012
    Applicant: HYDRO QUEBEC
    Inventors: Bruno Michel Ameduri, Michel Armand, Mario Boucher, Abdellatif Manseri
  • Publication number: 20120149859
    Abstract: Provided are a latex for dip molding, a composition for dip molding, a preparation method of a dip molded product, and a dip molded product prepared thereby. The latex for dip molding includes a conjugated diene monomer, an ethylenically unsaturated nitrile monomer, and an ethylenically unsaturated acid monomer, wherein the latex further includes sodium methallyl sulfonate as a copolymerizable ionic monomer. A dip molded product having excellent tensile strength, elongation, and touch may be obtained from a composition using the latex according to the present invention, and the generation of limitations, such as non-uniformity of physical properties and difficulties in product management, may be prevented.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Applicant: LG CHEM, LTD
    Inventors: Seung Hun Yang, Ho Yeul Choi, Jung Su Han, Byoung Yun Kim, Jung Eun Kim
  • Publication number: 20120010352
    Abstract: Aqueous suspension comprising 35-45 wt % of solid diacyl peroxide particles having a d50 in the range 1-10 microns, 0.05-1 wt % of a dispersant, and not more than 1 wt % of an organic solvent. This concentrated peroxide suspension comprises only a minor amount of dispersant, has a low volatile organic content and is nonetheless stable for months and low in viscosity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Publication date: January 12, 2012
    Applicant: AKZO NOBEL CHEMICALS INTERNATIONAL B.V.
    Inventor: Boen Ho O
  • Patent number: 8013088
    Abstract: A polymerization reaction mixture for the cationic polymerization of unsaturated biological oils (e.g. vegetable oils and animals oils) based on the cationic reaction of double bonds initiated by superacids is provided. The polymerized oils have a viscosity about 10 to 200 times higher than the initial oil and relatively high unsaturation (only about 10-30% lower than that of initial oils).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Pittsburg State University
    Inventors: Mihail Ionescu, Zoran S. Petrovic
  • Patent number: 7989568
    Abstract: A process comprising polymerizing in an aqueous medium at least one fluorinated olefin monomer other than vinylidene fluoride in the presence of a compound of formula (1): Rf(CH2CF2)m—(CH2)nSO3M??(1) wherein Rf is a C1 to C4 linear or branched perfluoroalkyl group, m is an integer of from 1 to 6, n is from 0 to 4, M is H, NH4, Li, Na or K, and a method of altering the surface behavior of a liquid comprising adding to the liquid the composition of a compound of formula (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Sheng Peng, Phan Linh Tang
  • Patent number: 7973104
    Abstract: The present invention relates to rubbery core/shell polymers that have improved heat and ultraviolet light resistance. These polymers can be blended with thermoplastics to make leathery compositions. The core/shell polymers of this invention have an inner core and an outer shell. The inner core is has repeat units which are derived from (a) butyl acrylate, (b) a member selected from the group consisting of methyl methacrylate, ethyl methacrylate, methyl acrylate, and ethyl acrylate, (c) optionally, an alkoxy ethyl acrylate or an alkoxy ethyl methacrylate, (d) acrylonitrile, (f) a cross-linking agent, and (g) a monomer containing reactive cure sites The outer core has repeat units which are derived from (d) acrylonitrile, (e) styrene, and (f) additional cross-linking agent. The outer core of these polymers is void of repeat units that are derived from methyl methacrylate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: Eliokem S.A.S.
    Inventor: Hung Dang Ngoc
  • Patent number: 7968743
    Abstract: A thiocarbonylthio compound and free radical polymerization employing the same. The thiocarbonylthio compound is represented by formula (I) or (II): wherein Z can be independently perfluoroalkyl, alkyl, haloalkyl, aryl, alkylaryl, haloalkylaryl, arylalkyl, aminoalkyl, alkylamino, alkoxy, alkoxyaryl, alkylsulfonyl, alkylsulfonylaryl, dialkylphosphinyl, or dialkylphosphinothioyl; R1 and R2 can be each independently hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkylaryl, arylalkyl, aminoalkyl, alkylamino, alkoxy or alkoxyaryl; R3 is alkyl, aryl, aminoalkyl, alkylamino, alkoxy or alkoxyaryl. Furthermore, R3 can also be alkyl, aryl, alkylaryl, arylalkyl, aminoalkyl, alkylamino, alkoxy, haloalkylaryl, alkylsilyl, alkylthio, alkylthioaryl, or substituent containing CN, CO, COOH, COOCH3 or heterocyclic moieties; and R4 is perfluoroalkyl. The thiocarbonylthio compound can be used as a reversible chain transfer agent in a free radical polymerization to obtain a polymer with a controlled molecular weight and narrow polydispersity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Kuo Chen Shih, Po Wen Chung, Mei Hua Wang
  • Publication number: 20110112265
    Abstract: A curable composition comprising (A) a vinylidene fluoride type elastomer which is a copolymer of vinylidene fluoride (a1), at least one perfluoroolefin (a2) selected from the group consisting of tetrafluoroethylene, hexafluoropropylene and perfluoro(alkyl vinyl ether) and a cyano group-containing monomer (a3) (the proportion of vinylidene fluoride exceeds 20% by mole), and (B) a compound generating ammonia at 40° to 330° C. alone as a curing agent. The present invention can provide a curable composition of a vinylidene fluoride type elastomer assuring improved crosslinking speed and making it possible to use a cheap curing agent, and a molded article obtained from the curable composition. Physical properties under normal conditions can also be improved by the presence of the solvent having affinity for the compound generating ammonia.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2009
    Publication date: May 12, 2011
    Applicant: DAIKIN INDUSTRIES LTD.
    Inventors: Keiko Washino, Shoji Fukuoka, Daisuke Ota, Mitsuru Kishine
  • Publication number: 20110014465
    Abstract: Provided is a removable acrylic pressure sensitive adhesive comprising (A) 70-96.5 weight % of (meth)acrylic acid ester monomer having C1-C14 alkyl group; (B) 0.5-27 weight % of one or more functional group containing monomers selected from the group consisting of carboxyl group containing monomer, hydroxyl group containing monomer, epoxy group containing monomer, vinyl ester group containing monomer and cyano group containing monomer; and (C) 0.6-3 weight % of a cross linking agent having 5-13 alkylene oxide groups and acrylate group or vinyl group in 100 weight % of the monomers and the cross linking agent, and the adhesive of the present invention is a water based adhesive and pro-environmental, and demonstrates excellent adhesiveness at room temperature and under aging atmosphere and excellent dimensional stability as well, so that it can be widely used for various pressure sensitive adhesive sheets for outdoor/indoor advertisement, automobile, printing, decorating, etc.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 7, 2010
    Publication date: January 20, 2011
    Applicant: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Kong-ju Song, Young-min Kim, Chang-bum Ko, Kum-hyoung Lee
  • Publication number: 20100331490
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a polyolefin composition comprising an olefin homo- or copolymer (A) in an amount of 90 wt. % or more, and an olefin homo- or copolymer (B) comprising hydrolysable silicon-containing groups, wherein olefin homo- or copolymer (B) is present in the composition in an amount of from 0.01 to 2 wt. %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2007
    Publication date: December 30, 2010
    Applicant: BOREALIS TECHNOLOGY OY
    Inventors: Markus Gahleitner, Tung Pham, Johannes Wolfschwenger, Doris Machl
  • Patent number: 7838607
    Abstract: Process for preparing an antistatic for olefin polymerization by contacting an antistatically acting compound comprising at least one hydrogen atom bound to a nonmetallic heteroatom with at least one metal alkyl in an amount which is sufficient to react completely with the at least one hydrogen atom bound to a heteroatom, wherein the antistatically acting compound and the metal alkyl are each present in a concentration of at least 0.01% by weight during contacting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2010
    Assignee: Basell Polyolefine GmbH
    Inventor: Shahram Mihan
  • Publication number: 20100247473
    Abstract: The present invention relates to polymer ic thickener compositions comprising at least one water-swellable crosslinked copolymer, a process for preparing such compositions and their use as a thickener, e.g., in cosmetic, dermatologic, pharmaceutical or veterinary formulations. The water-swellable crosslinked copolymer according to the present invention is prepared from a mixture comprising (a) acrylamide, (b) an acrylamidoalkylsulfonic acid and/or a salt thereof and (c) an amine-based polyfunctional crosslinking agent comprising at least three allylic functions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2007
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Inventor: Frédéric Blondel
  • Publication number: 20100240850
    Abstract: Process for preparing one or more iodinated organic substances having a molecular mass of less than 2000 (substances (S)) using (A) at least one free-radical-generating substance chosen from peroxides, diazo compounds, dialkyldiphenylalkanes, substances derived from tetraphenylethane, boranes and iniferter substances comprising at least one thiuram disulphide group, (B) an ethylenically unsaturated substance capable of adding a free radical to its ethylenic double bond, (C) molecular iodine, which comprises the steps according to which at least a fraction of (A), at least a fraction of (B) and at least a fraction of (C) are introduced into a reactor, and then the contents of the reactor are caused to react, while introducing therein the possible remainder of (A), the possible remainder of (B) and the possible remainder of (C), until a moment is reached when the content of the reactor is a mixture comprising one or more substances (S).
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2010
    Publication date: September 23, 2010
    Applicant: SOLVAY (SOCIETE ANONYME)
    Inventors: Patrick LACROIX-DESMAZES, Romain Severac, Bernard Boutevin, Vincent Bodart, Vincent Kurowski
  • Patent number: 7776969
    Abstract: This invention relates to novel ethylenically unsaturated macromers, preformed stabilizers prepared from these novel macromers, polymer polyols prepared from either the novel ethylenically unsaturated macromers or the preformed stabilizers, and to processes for the preparation of these compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2010
    Assignee: Bayer MaterialScience LLC
    Inventor: Rick L. Adkins
  • Patent number: 7750079
    Abstract: Compositions, such as lens precursor compositions, and methods for producing lens precursor compositions have been invented. The present methods include forming a premix composition, which can include one or more monomeric components, forming a macromer composition, which includes one or more silicon containing macromers, forming a premix/initiator composition, which can include a photoinitiator, and contacting the premix/initiator composition with the macromer composition to form a polymerizable monomer-containing composition useful in the production of producing silicone hydrogel contact lenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: CooperVision International Holding Company, LP
    Inventors: Sarah L. Almond, John H. D. Browning
  • Publication number: 20100144958
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a branched polymer obtainable an addition polymerisation process, preferably a free-radical polymerisation process, which is the reaction product of: (a) an initiator, optionally but preferably a free-radical initiator, (b) optionally but preferably a compatible chain transfer agent (E and E?), (c) at least one ethylenically monounsaturated monomer (G and/or J), (d) at least one ethylenically polyunsaturated monomer (L), wherein at least one of (a)-(d) has a molecular weight of at least 1000 Daltons, and the mole ratio of (d) to (c) is greater than 0.0005 to 1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2007
    Publication date: June 10, 2010
    Applicants: UNILEVER PLC, UNILEVER N.V.
    Inventors: Paul Hugh Findlay, Steven Paul Rannard, Brodyck James Lachlan Royles, Jonathan Victor Mark Weaver
  • Patent number: 7718432
    Abstract: The present invention provides novel non-immunogenic, hydrophilic/cationic block copolymers comprising a neutral-hydrophilic polymer and a cationic polymer, wherein both polymers have well-defined chain-end functionality. A representative example of such a block copolymer comprises poly(N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide) (PHPMA) and poly(N-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]methacrylamide) (PDMAPMA). Also provided is a synthesis method thereof in aqueous media via reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. Further provided are uses of these block copolymers as drug delivery vehicles and protection agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2010
    Assignee: The University of Southern Mississippi
    Inventors: Charles W. Scales, Faqing Huang, Charles L. McCormick
  • Publication number: 20100048844
    Abstract: A thiocarbonylthio compound and free radical polymerization employing the same. The thiocarbonylthio compound is represented by formula (I) or (II): wherein Z can be independently perfluoroalkyl, alkyl, haloalkyl, aryl, alkylaryl, haloalkylaryl, arylalkyl, aminoalkyl, alkylamino, alkoxy, alkoxyaryl, alkylsulfonyl, alkylsulfonylaryl, dialkylphosphinyl, or dialkylphosphinothioyl; R1 and R2 can be each independently hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkylaryl, arylalkyl, aminoalkyl, alkylamino, alkoxy or alkoxyaryl; R3 is alkyl, aryl, aminoalkyl, alkylamino, alkoxy or alkoxyaryl. Furthermore, R can also be alkyl, aryl, alkylaryl, arylalkyl, aminoalkyl, alkylamino, alkoxy, haloalkylaryl, alkylsilyl, alkylthio, alkylthioaryl, or substituent contaning CN, CO, COOH, COOCH3 or heterocyclic moieties; and R4 is perfluoroalkyl. The thiocarbonylthio compound can be used as a reversible chain transfer agent in a free radical polymerization to obtain a polymer with a controlled molecular weight and narrow polydispersity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2009
    Publication date: February 25, 2010
    Applicant: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Kuo Chen Shih, Po Wen Chung, Mei Hua Wang
  • Publication number: 20090270572
    Abstract: Oxymethylene copolymers having a high proportion of terminal alkyl ether groups and having terminal hydroxyalkylene groups are described. These polymers are distinguished by high thermal stability and high hot water resistance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 2009
    Publication date: October 29, 2009
    Inventors: Michael Haubs, Michael Hoffmockel, Jurgen Lingnau, Robert Gronner, Michael Gene Yearwood
  • Patent number: 7566762
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing a fluoropolymer containing at least one kind of fluoroolefin, which comprises carrying out polymerization in the presence of a surfactant represented by the formula (1): (wherein R1 and R2 may be the same or different respectively, and represent an alkyl group or an alkenyl group, R3 is a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group or an alkenyl group, the total carbon number of R1 to R3 is 2 to 25, L? is a group represented by —SO3?, —OSO3?, —PO3?, —OPO3? or —COO?, and M+ is a monovalent cation). Thereby, polymerization can be carried out with excellent production efficiency in the presence of a small amount of a surfactant, and a fluoropolymer can be prepared without lowering various physical properties such as water resistance by the surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2009
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masao Otsuka, Satoshi Tokuno, Katsuya Nakai
  • Patent number: 7501479
    Abstract: A method for the cationic polymerization of unsaturated biological oils (e.g., vegetable oils and animal oils) based on the cationic reaction of double bonds initiated by superacids is provided. The process occurs under very mild reaction conditions (about 70-110° C. and atmospheric pressure) and with short reaction times. The polymerized oils have a viscosity about 10 to 200 times higher than the initial oil and relatively high unsaturation (only about 10-30% lower than that of initial oils).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2009
    Assignee: Pittsburg State University
    Inventors: Mihail Ionescu, Zoran S. Petrovic
  • Publication number: 20080125558
    Abstract: A novel semi-batch emulsion polymerization process for the production of fluoroelastomers is disclosed wherein a hydrocarbon anionic surfactant is employed as the dispersing agent. The surfactant has the formula R-L-M wherein R is an alkyl group having between 6 and 17 carbon atoms, L is selected from the group consisting of ArSO3?, SO3?, SO4?, PO3? and COO? and M is a univalent cation. Preferred surfactants are sulfonates of the formula CH3—(CH2)n—SO3M, CH3—(CH2)n—C6H4—SO3M, or CH3—(CH2)n—CH?CHCH2—SO3M, where n is an integer from 6 to 17, or mixtures thereof, and M is a cation having a valence of 1. Surfactant is not introduced to the reactor until shortly after the polymerization reaction has begun.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2007
    Publication date: May 29, 2008
    Inventor: Phan Linh Tang
  • Patent number: 7365115
    Abstract: An anti-reflective coating film is formed by applying on a chemically amplified photoresist film an anti-reflective coating composition comprising an alkali-soluble fluorine-containing polymer, an acid, an amine and a solvent capable of dissolving these components and having a pH of 7 or less. The formed anti-reflective coating film can serve to prevent multiple reflections within the photoresist film, increase the amount of reduction in thickness of the photoresist film upon development with a developer after exposure, and form a pattern having a rectangular cross-sectional pattern and not having T-top or round top.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2008
    Assignee: AZ Electronic Materials USA Corp.
    Inventors: Yasushi Akiyama, Yusuke Takano
  • Publication number: 20080097059
    Abstract: A resin composition for making a loudspeaker cone, including from 50 to 99.9 weight parts of an alkyl acrylate (A) represented by the following formula (I), from 0.1 to 50 weight parts of a vinyl unsaturated monomer (B), and an emulsifying agent (C) present in an amount of from 0.1 to 10 weight parts based on the combined weight parts of (A) and (B), wherein R1 represents a hydrogen atom, or a C1-C12 linear or branched alkyl group, alkenyl group, alkynyl group or alcoholic group, and R2 represents a hydrogen atom, or a C1-C3 linear or branched alkyl group.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2006
    Publication date: April 24, 2008
    Inventors: Wen-Shyang Hsu, Hiroshi Ohara
  • Patent number: 7186786
    Abstract: Polymers and copolymers synthesized by means that yield a narrow range of molecular weights can have different properties than polymers synthesized by conventional means. In order to obtain such polymers, however, polymerization must be controlled. One type of controlled polymerization is the reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) process, which has characteristics of a living polymerization. The present invention discloses a group of dithioesters and trithioesters suitable as chain transfer agents for RAFT polymerization. The present invention also discloses RAFT polymerizations conducted in aqueous media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2007
    Assignee: University of Southern Mississippi
    Inventors: Charles L. McCormick, Michael S. Donovan, Andrew B. Lowe, Brent S. Sumerlin, David B. Thomas
  • Patent number: 7179872
    Abstract: Polymers and copolymers synthesized by means that yield a narrow range of molecular weights can have different properties than polymers synthesized by conventional means. In order to obtain such polymers, however, polymerization must be controlled. One type of controlled polymerization is the reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) process, which has characteristics of a living polymerization. The present invention discloses a group of dithioesters and trithioesters suitable as chain transfer agents for RAFT polymerization. The present invention also discloses RAFT polymerizations conducted in aqueous media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2007
    Assignee: University of Southern Mississippi
    Inventors: Charles L. McCormick, Michael S. Donovan, Andrew B. Lowe, Brent S. Sumerlin, David B. Thomas
  • Patent number: 7045584
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the manufacture of PVDF homopolymer or copolymer by radical polymerization of vinylidene fluoride (VDF), and optionally of a comonomer, in aqueous dispersion and in the presence of a transfer agent, of a persulphate as radical initiator, optionally of a surface-active additive and optionally of a paraffin wax, in which: a) an aqueous PVDF dispersion is obtained, b) the dispersion from stage a) is washed, optionally after having been coagulated, to lower the proportion of possible surfactant in the PVDF to below 300 ppm, this proportion being expressed with respect to the dried PVDF, c) sodium acetate and optionally a potassium alkylsulphonate are added to the dispersion washed in b), d) the dispersion from stage c) is dried by any means to recover the PVDF powder comprising sodium acetate and optionally a potassium alkylsulphonate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Assignee: Arkema
    Inventors: Patrick Kappler, Véronique Gauthe
  • Patent number: 7012122
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the manufacture of PVDF homopolymer or copolymer by radical polymerization of vinylidene fluoride (VDF), and optionally of a comonomer, in aqueous dispersion and in the presence of a transfer agent, of a persulphate as radical initiator, optionally of a surface-active additive and optionally of a paraffin wax, in which: a) sodium acetate is added, either at the start of or during or after the polymerization, b) a potassium alkylsulphonate is optionally added after the polymerization, c) an aqueous PVDF dispersion is obtained, d) the PVDF is collected by atomizing the dispersion obtained in c) with air at a temperature of between 120 and 220° C., the aqueous dispersion obtained in c) not being washed with water before atomizing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2006
    Assignee: Arkema
    Inventors: Patrick Kappler, Veronique Gauthe
  • Patent number: 7005490
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a method for making a methacrylate unit-containing polymer with polydispersity <1.7 and containing at least one cross-linkable functional group comprising a step of radically polymerizing a mixture of ethylenically unsaturated monomers comprising at least 50 mole % of methacrylate monomers to a polymer, in the presence of a) a radical precursor and b) I2 or a sulfonyl iodide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2006
    Assignee: Nuplex Resins, B.V.
    Inventors: Dirk Emiel Paula Mestach, Richard Hendrikus Gerrit Brinkhuis, Petrus Johannes Maria David Elfrink