Ethylenic Groups Are Non-conjugated, E.g., Divinylbenzene, Etc. Patents (Class 526/336)
  • Patent number: 10435485
    Abstract: A polymer comprises randomly distributed units UA, UB, UC and UD and at least one unit bearing a subunit F according to the respective molar percentages m, n, o, p and f F pendant along the chain of the polymer and bearing an associative group comprising at least one nitrogen atom, R1 and R2, which are identical or different, denoting a hydrogen atom, a methyl radical or a phenyl radical which is unsubstituted or substituted in the ortho, meta or para position by a methyl radical, m?50, n?0, o?0, f>0, 0<0+p?25, m, n, o, p and f ranging from 0 to 100, the respective molar percentages of m, n, o, p and f calculated based on the sum of m+n+o+p+f, which is equal to 100.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignees: COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ETABLISSEMENTS MICHELIN, MICHELIN RECHERCHE ET TECHNIQUE, S.A.
    Inventors: Etienne Fleury, Julien Thuilliez, Jean-Michel Favrot
  • Patent number: 9914746
    Abstract: This invention pertains to methods for oligonucleotide synthesis, specifically the synthesis of oligonucleotides that contain a high content of guanine monomers. In more detail, the invention relates to a method for coupling a nucleoside phosphoramidite during the synthesis of an oligonucleotide to a universal support, to a first nucleoside, or to an extending oligonucleotide. The invention further relates to oligonucleotides obtainable by the methods of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: KUROS BIOSCIENCES AG
    Inventor: Brian Stephen Sproat
  • Patent number: 9821288
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for delivery of additives(s), e.g., catalyst, co-catalyst, scavengers, and/or other reaction- or product-modifying agents, to a reaction or mixing site, such as a reaction vessel, offers the capability for multi-additive delivery and customization of additive selection, flow and flow rate, and if desired, mixing thereof, without production train shutdowns. The invention includes at least two additive sources that are detachably connected, with conduit, to the reaction or mixing site, and a process control means, preferably automated, that is capable of initiating, terminating, and determining the rate of flow from the additive sources.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES LLC
    Inventors: Frank J. Cerk, Pradeep Jain, Jr., Michelle D. Dirk, Harold W Boone
  • Patent number: 9132697
    Abstract: There are provided a modified natural rubber made from a modified natural rubber latex, in which a polar group-containing monomer is graft-polymerized to natural rubber latex, and a rubber composition comprising such a modified natural rubber and carbon black and/or silica. Also, there are provided a modified natural rubber latex in which a tin-containing monomer or an alkoxysilyl group-containing monomer is graft-polymerized to natural rubber latex and a modified natural rubber made therefrom and a rubber composition comprising such a modified natural rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventor: Hajime Kondo
  • Patent number: 9109065
    Abstract: Objects of the invention are to obtain ethylene copolymers which have excellent rubber elasticity even without being crosslinked and maintain sufficient shaping processability even when filled with significantly large amounts of additives, and to provide methods for producing with good productivity films or sheets having flexibility and high stretchability. The invention is directed to an ethylene copolymer (X) including structural units derived from a component [A], a component [B] and a component [C] which are ethylene [A], an ?-olefin of 3 to 20 carbon atoms [B] and a polyene and/or a cyclic olefin [C]. In the ethylene copolymer, (1) the content of structural units derived from the ethylene [A] is in the range of 50 to 90 mol % in 100 mol % of all the structural units in the copolymer (X); (2) the content of structural units derived from at least one polyene and/or the cyclic olefin [C] is in the range of 1.0 to 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: MITSUI CHEMICALS, INC.
    Inventors: Hiroki Ebata, Yoshiharu Kikuchi, Yuji Ishii, Yoshihisa Matsuo
  • Publication number: 20150133616
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for manufacturing polyethylene-diene-copolymer conducted in a plant including at least one compressor unit, at least one preheater unit downstream of the compressor unit and at least one reactor, in particular a reactor, downstream of the compressor unit and the preheater unit. The process comprising the steps of (a) feeding a first feed stream comprising ethylene into the at least one compressor unit and subsequently into the at least one preheater unit, and (b1) feeding a second feed stream including at least one diene comonomer to the first feed stream leaving the at least preheater unit, and feeding the combined feed streams including ethylene and the at least one diene comonomer to the at least one reactor, and/or (b2) feeding a second feed stream including at least one diene comonomer to the at least one reactor at at least one location along the reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Bernt-Ake Sultan, Bjoern Voigt, Perry Nylander, Thomas Hjertberg, Kristian Dahlen, Mattias Bergqvist, Martin Anker, Kjell Fossum
  • Patent number: 9023906
    Abstract: To provide a propylene-based copolymer and a propylene-based copolymer composition, each of which has a high melt tension because it has a long-chain branched structure, exhibits excellent molding processability during molding, such as inflation molding, extrusion molding, blow molding, injection molding or vacuum forming, and is capable of favorably providing a foamed product having an excellent expansion ratio and excellent cell uniformity in the foaming stage. The propylene-based copolymer (A) of the present invention comprises 50 to 95% by mol of constituent units [i] derived from propylene, 4.9 to 49.9% by mol of constituent units [ii] derived from an ?-olefin of 2 to 10 carbon atoms other than propylene and 0.1 to 10% by mol of constituent units [iii] derived from a non-conjugated polyene (with the proviso that the total amount of the constituent units [i], [ii] and [iii] is 100% by mol), and is characterized by satisfying specific requirements (a) and (c).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Masahiko Okamoto, Mayumi Yasuda, Tetsuji Kasai, Kazuyoshi Kaneko, Kyoko Kobayashi, Kotaro Ichino
  • Publication number: 20150087763
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a copolymer including a monomer unit (a) derived from isoprene and a monomer unit (b) derived from farnesene; a process for producing the copolymer including at least the step of copolymerizing isoprene with farnesene; a rubber composition including (A) the copolymer, (B) a rubber component and (C) carbon black; a rubber composition including (A) the copolymer, (B) a rubber component and (D) silica; a rubber composition including (A) the copolymer, (B) a rubber component, (C) carbon black and (D) silica; and a tire using the rubber composition at least as a part thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicants: KURARAY CO., LTD., AMYRIS, INC.
    Inventors: Daisuke Koda, Kei Hirata
  • Patent number: 8981012
    Abstract: The present invention provides novel, modified polydicyclopentadienes and methods to prepare modified polydicyclopentadienes. The modified polydicyclopentadienes prepared by the methods of the invention are useful in many applications including new and useful solid phases for chromatography.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: University of Iowa Research Foundation
    Inventors: Ned B. Bowden, Mathew Perring
  • Publication number: 20150073104
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a high-pressure radical ethylene polymerization process in which ethylene is polymerized with a polyunsaturated olefin comprising at least 6 carbon atoms and at least two non-conjugated double bonds of which at least one is terminal, characterized in that a polyunsaturated olefin grade is used as a starting material which yields a percentage of less than 6.3% in the zero conversion test or which has a decomposition temperature as measured by DSC of 130° C. or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: BOREALIS AG
    Inventors: Takashi Uematsu, Thomas Hjertberg, Mattias Bergqvist, Bjorn Voigt, Bernt-Ake Sultan
  • Publication number: 20150057403
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a copolymer including a monomer unit (a) derived from a conjugated diene having not more than 12 carbon atoms and a monomer unit (b) derived from farnesene; a process for producing the copolymer including at least the step of copolymerizing a conjugated diene having not more than 12 carbon atoms with farnesene; a rubber composition including (A) the copolymer, (B) a rubber component and (C) carbon black; a rubber composition including (A) the copolymer, (B) a rubber component and (D) silica; a rubber composition including (A) the copolymer, (B) a rubber component, (C) carbon black and (D) silica; and a tire using the rubber composition at least as a part thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Applicants: KURARAY CO., LTD., AMYRIS, INC.
    Inventors: Daisuke Koda, Kei Hirata
  • Patent number: 8962776
    Abstract: Provided is an ethylene-?-olefin-nonconjugated polyene copolymer having ethylene units, ?-olefin units and nonconjugated polyene units, wherein the copolymer satisfies the following requirements: (A): the intrinsic viscosity [?] is 0.5 to 1.8 dl/g, (B): the content of ethylene units is 50 to 90 mol % and the content of ?-olefin units is 50 to 10 mol % where the sum total of the contents of ethylene units and ?-olefin units is taken as 100 mol %, (C): the iodine value is 1 to 50, (D): the ratio of tan ? taken at 100° C. and 2 cpm to tan ? taken at 100° C. and 1000 cpm is from 1.0 to 1.7, and (E): the ratio of the Z-average molecular weight to the number average molecular weight is from 15 to 25 and the weight average molecular weight to the number average molecular weight is from 3 to 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventor: Sadayuki Nakano
  • Publication number: 20150038657
    Abstract: There is provided a process for preparing a branched conjugated diene polymer by copolymerizing 1 to 100% by weight of a branched conjugated diene compound (1) monomer: wherein R1 is an aliphatic hydrocarbon having 6 to 11 carbon atoms, with 99 to 0% by weight of a conjugated diene compound (2) monomer: wherein R2 and R3 are the same or different and each is a hydrogen atom, or the like, and/or 99 to 0% by weight of a vinyl compound (3) monomer: wherein R4 is an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 10 carbon atoms, or the like, wherein the process comprises a step of polymerizing by adding a monomer solution successively into a catalyst solution. The branched conjugated diene polymer is useful as a rubber component for a tire for improving processability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Kensuke Washizu
  • Patent number: 8946347
    Abstract: The present invention related to a conjugated diene based polymer comprising a monomer unit derived from a noncyclic conjugated diene and a monomer unit derived from an alicyclic hydrocarbon compound having a non-conjugated carbon-carbon double bond.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventor: Mana Fujii
  • Patent number: 8940848
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a branched conjugated diene copolymer which is useful for preparing a rubber composition, having high uniformity of a temperature dependence curve of a viscoelasticity tan ?, for a tire, a rubber composition comprising the copolymer, and a pneumatic tire produced using the rubber composition for a tire. The branched conjugated diene copolymer is composed of monomer components comprising a branched conjugated diene compound represented by a general formula (1): wherein R1 represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 11 carbon atoms, and an aromatic vinyl compound represented by a general formula (2): wherein R2 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 10 carbon atoms, and R5 represents a hydrogen atom or the like, and a copolymerization ratio (m) of the aromatic vinyl compound (2) is 45% by mass or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.
    Inventor: Kensuke Washizu
  • Patent number: 8921436
    Abstract: Microporous polyolefin and microporous polydicyclopentadiene (polyDCPD) based aerogels and methods for preparing and using the same are provided. The aerogels are produced by forming a polymer gel structure within a solvent from a olefin or dicyclopentadiene monomer 5 via Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP) reactions, followed by supercritical drying to remove the solvent from the aerogel. Other aerogels are prepared by sequentially (1) mixing at least one dicyclopentadiene monomer, at least one solvent at least one catalyst and at least one inorganic and/or organic reinforcing material, (2) gelling the mixture, (3) aging, and (4) supercritical drying. Aerogels provided herein are inexpensive to prepare, possess desirable 10 thermal, mechanical, acoustic, chemical, and physical properties and are hydrophobic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Aspen Aerogels, Inc.
    Inventors: Je Kyun Lee, George L Gould
  • Patent number: 8916662
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a preparation method for olefin-diene copolymer that comprises polymerizing at least one olefin-based monomer and at least one diene-based monomer in the presence of a catalyst comprising a novel transition metal compound. Using the novel transition metal compound as a catalyst, the preparation method for olefin-diene copolymer according to the present invention can not only acquire high catalytic activity for copolymerization of the olefin and diene monomers to achieve high process efficiency but allow it to easily control the fine-structure characteristics of the copolymer, thereby providing an olefin-diene copolymer having desired properties with ease.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Lotte Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Bun-Yeoul Lee, Ji-Hae Park, Seung-Hyun Do, Hwa-Kyu Kim, Jae-Young Park, Seung-Woong Yoon
  • Publication number: 20140371415
    Abstract: There is provided a branched conjugated diene copolymer prepared by copolymerizing 1 to 99% by weight of a branched conjugated diene compound (1): wherein R1 is an aliphatic hydrocarbon having 6 to 11 carbon atoms, and 99 to 1% by weight of a conjugated diene compound (2): wherein R2 and R3 are the same or different and each is a hydrogen atom, or the like. The branched conjugated diene copolymer is useful as a rubber component of a rubber composition for a tire enhancing both of abrasion resistance and grip performance to a high level and exhibiting excellent processability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicant: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Kensuke Washizu
  • Patent number: 8912301
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a branched conjugated diene copolymer which is useful for preparing a rubber composition, having high uniformity of a temperature dependence curve of a viscoelasticity tan ?, for a tire, a rubber composition comprising the copolymer, and a pneumatic tire produced using the rubber composition for a tire. The branched conjugated diene copolymer is composed of monomer components comprising a branched conjugated diene compound represented by a general formula (1): wherein R1 represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 11 carbon atoms, and an aromatic vinyl compound represented by a general formula (2): wherein R2 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 10 carbon atoms, and R5 represents a hydrogen atom or the like, and a copolymerization ratio (m) of the aromatic vinyl compound (2) is 45% by mass or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.
    Inventor: Kensuke Washizu
  • Publication number: 20140357824
    Abstract: There is provided a branched conjugated diene copolymer prepared by copolymerizing 1 to 99% by weight of a branched conjugated diene compound (1): wherein R1 is an aliphatic hydrocarbon having 6 to 11 carbon atoms, less than 99% by weight of a conjugated diene compound (2): wherein R2 and R3 are the same or different and each is a hydrogen atom, or the like, and less than 99% by weight of a vinyl compound (3): wherein R4 is an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 10 carbon atoms, or the like. The branched conjugated diene copolymer is useful as a rubber component of a rubber composition for a tire enhancing both of abrasion resistance and grip performance to a high level and exhibiting excellent processability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Kensuke Washizu
  • Publication number: 20140349438
    Abstract: The performances and durability of a diaphragm sheet of a solar cell laminator are enhanced, and a favorable lamination work is stably performed over a long period of time. In addition, by stably performing sufficient and uniform lamination over a long period of time, a high-quality module is stably manufactured over a long period of time. A solar cell module is manufactured by using a diaphragm sheet formed of a composition containing an ethylene-propylene-diene rubber (EPDM), which is low in creep deformation and high in durability against an organic peroxide and a silane coupling agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2014
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: HIDENARI NAKAHAMA, HIROTAKA IIDA, HIROSHI NAKANO
  • Publication number: 20140200321
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a branched conjugated diene copolymer which is useful for preparing a rubber composition, having high uniformity of a temperature dependence curve of a viscoelasticity tan ?, for a tire, a rubber composition comprising the copolymer, and a pneumatic tire produced using the rubber composition for a tire. The branched conjugated diene copolymer is composed of monomer components comprising a branched conjugated diene compound represented by a general formula (1): wherein R1 represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 11 carbon atoms, and an aromatic vinyl compound represented by a general formula (2): wherein R2 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 10 carbon atoms, and R5 represents a hydrogen atom or the like, and a copolymerization ratio (m) of the aromatic vinyl compound (2) is 45% by mass or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2014
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Kensuke WASHIZU
  • Patent number: 8722828
    Abstract: A process (1) for producing a cycloolefin resin film comprising the steps of: the step (I) of mixing a cycloolefin monomer and a metathesis polymerization catalyst to prepare a polymerizable composition (A); the step (II) of coating or impregnating the supporting body with the polymerizable composition (A) at once after the step (I), and the step (III) of polymerizing the polymerizable composition (A) by polymerization; and a process (2) for producing a cycloolefin polymer sheet or film with the thickness of 1 mm or less comprising polymerizing a reactive solution containing a ruthenium complex catalyst, having a hetero atom-containing carbene compound as a ligand, and a cycloolefin monomer by ring-opening metathesis bulk polymerization, wherein the polymerization of the cycloolefin monomer is completed by heating the reactive solution to 100° C. or higher at the heating rate of 20° C./min or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Zeon Corporation
    Inventor: Tomoo Sugawara
  • Patent number: 8691926
    Abstract: A polymerization curable composition prepared by blending specific amounts of a photochromic compound and a specific light stabilizer such as bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidyl)sebacate with monomer components including a specific bifunctional monomer having a structure that two phenylene groups are bonded together by a specific group, such as 2,2-bis(4-methacryloyloxypolyethoxyphenyl)propane, a polyfunctional polymerizable monomer having a functionality of 3 or more such as trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate, and a monomer other than these in a specific ratio. The polymerization curable composition provides a cured product having excellent photochromic properties such as fast fading rate and sufficiently high drilling strength that allows for its use in rimless spectacles and has high long-term storage stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Tokuyama Corporation
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Tanaka, Junji Momoda
  • Patent number: 8686055
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for the production of improved shell functionalized ion exchange resins from core/shell copolymer having a highly crosslinked core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventor: William Harris
  • Publication number: 20140088214
    Abstract: To provide a propylene-based copolymer and a propylene-based copolymer composition, each of which has a high melt tension because it has a long-chain branched structure, exhibits excellent molding processability during molding, such as inflation molding, extrusion molding, blow molding, injection molding or vacuum forming, and is capable of favorably providing a foamed product having an excellent expansion ratio and excellent cell uniformity in the foaming stage. The propylene-based copolymer (A) of the present invention comprises 50 to 95% by mol of constituent units [i] derived from propylene, 4.9 to 49.9% by mol of constituent units [ii] derived from an ?-olefin of 2 to 10 carbon atoms other than propylene and 0.1 to 10% by mol of constituent units [iii] derived from a non-conjugated polyene (with the proviso that the total amount of the constituent units [i], [ii] and [iii] is 100% by mol), and is characterized by satisfying specific requirements (a) and (c).
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 17, 2012
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Inventors: Masahiko Okamoto, Mayumi Yasuda, Tetsuji Kasai, Kazuyoshi Kaneko, Kyoko Kobayashi, Kotaro Ichino
  • Patent number: 8592543
    Abstract: Provided herein are polyfarnesenes derived from a farnesene and at least two different vinyl monomers. Also provided herein are polyfarnesenes derived from a farnesene; at least two different vinyl monomers, such as (meth)acrylic acid, (meth)acrylic esters, styrene, and substituted styrenes; and at least one functional comonomer such as maleic anhydride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Inventors: Derek James McPhee, Adam Safir, Craig Reeder, Joseph G. Doolan
  • Patent number: 8586641
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a monolithic organic copolymer prepared by copolymerization of at least one monomer of the group consisting of styrene, (C1-C3)alkylstyrene, (meth)acrylic acid and esters thereof with a crosslinker in the presence of a macroporogen and a microporogen, wherein a) the sum of said at least one monomer of the group and the crosslinker is 10-20%, preferably 10-15%, by volume of the reaction mixture, with the rest being essentially macroporogen and microporogen, and the degree of said copolymerization is at least 70%, preferably at least 90%, more preferably at least 99%, or b) the sum of said at least one monomer of the group and the crosslinker is 30-50%, preferably 35-45%, by volume of the reaction mixture, with the rest being essentially macroporogen and microporogen, and the degree of said copolymerization is in the range of 25-60%, preferably 35-50%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Leopold-Franzens-Universitat Innsbruck
    Inventors: Lukas Trojer, Günther Bonn
  • Publication number: 20130203886
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the production of an article, wherein—ethylene is polymerized with a polyene and optionally another comonomer, resulting in a polymer with a MFI (21.6) between 0.05 dg/min and 100 dg/min,—melt processing the polymer into an article,—optionally crosslinking the polymer during or after melt processing the polymer and—optionally sterilizing the polymer article by high energy irradiation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 4, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Inventors: Nileshkumar Prakash Kukalyekar, Jan Stolk, Mitcha Sandor Nicolaas Mulders, Robert Hendrik Catharina Janssen, Harold Jan Smelt, Piotr Pawel Matloka
  • Patent number: 8470946
    Abstract: Carbon nanotube (CNT) yarns and sheets having enhanced mechanical strength using infused and bonded nano-resins. A CNT yarn or sheet is surface-activated to produce open bonds in the CNT walls prior to resin infusion. The CNT yarn or sheet is infused with a low viscosity nano-resin that penetrates spaces between individual CNTs and is cured to cross-link and chemically bond to the CNT walls, either directly or through a functional molecule, to bond the individual CNTs or ropes to each other. The nano-resin can comprise dicyclopentadiene having an uncured viscosity near that of water. The cross-linking process involves ring-opening metathesis polymerization and catalysis of the nano-resin in combination with a functionalizing material such as norbornene, to enhance bonding between the carbon and nano-resin. The process increases load capability, tensile strength, and elastic modulus of the yarns and sheets, for use as a structural component in composite materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Lawrence E. Carlson
  • Patent number: 8466241
    Abstract: A method for producing a highly branched polymer, with which a molecular weight can be controlled without using a polymerization inhibitor and a polymer having a controlled molecular weight can be produced safely even in a case of mass production in an industrial scale. A method for producing a highly branched polymer including polymerizing a monomer A having two or more radical polymerizable double bonds in a molecule, in the presence of a polymerization initiator B in an amount of 5% by mol to 200% by mol with respect to 1 mol of the monomer A at a temperature 20° C. higher than a 10-hour half-life temperature of the polymerization initiator B or higher.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Nissan Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masayuki Haraguchi, Hideki Musashi, Satoru Hatayama, Masaaki Ozawa
  • Patent number: 8461223
    Abstract: Microporous polyolefin and microporous polydicyclopentadiene (polyDCPD) based aerogels and methods for preparing and using the same are provided. The aerogels are produced by forming a polymer gel structure within a solvent from a olefin or dicyclopentadiene monomer via Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP) reactions, followed by supercritical drying to remove the solvent from the aerogel. Other aerogels are prepared by sequentially (1) mixing at least one dicyclopentadiene monomer, at least one solvent at least one catalyst and at least one inorganic and/or organic reinforcing material, (2) gelling the mixture, (3) aging, and (4) supercritical drying. Aerogels provided herein are inexpensive to prepare, possess desirable thermal, mechanical, acoustic, chemical, and physical properties and are hydrophobic. The aerogels provided herein are suitable for use in various applications, including but not limited to thermal and acoustic insulation, radiation shielding, and vibrational damping applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Aspen Aerogels, Inc.
    Inventors: Je Kyun Lee, George L. Gould
  • Publication number: 20130090433
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a branched modifier and a composition comprising more than 25 wt % (based on the weight of the composition) of one or more linear ethylene polymers having a g?vis of 0.97 or more and an Mw of 20,000 g/mol or more and at least 0.1 wt % of a branched modifier where the modifier has a g?vis of less than 0.97, wherein the ethylene polymer has a g?vis of at least 0.01 units higher than the g?vis of the branched modifier.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicant: ExxonMobile Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventor: ExxonMobile Chemical Patents Inc.
  • Patent number: 8404797
    Abstract: An end-modified soluble polyfunctional vinyl aromatic copolymer, which is improved in heat resistance, thermal stability, solvent solubility, and compatibility with acrylate compounds, and a curable resin composition using the same are disclosed. The end-modified soluble polyfunctional vinyl aromatic copolymer is obtained by allowing a divinyl aromatic compound (a), a monovinyl aromatic compound (b), and an aromatic ether compound (c) to react with each other, and has, at an end, an end group derived from the aromatic ether compound and having an acrylate bond. The copolymer has a number average molecular weight Mn of 500 to 100,000, an introduction amount (c1) of the end group derived from the aromatic ether compound satisfies (c1)?1.0 (group/molecule), a molar fraction a? of a structural unit derived from the divinyl aromatic compound and a molar fraction b? of a structural unit derived from the monovinyl aromatic compound in the copolymer satisfy 0.05?a?/(a?+b?)?0.95.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Steel Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masanao Kawabe, Hiroko Terao, Natsuko Okazaki
  • Publication number: 20130072593
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing a polymer-based monolithic stationary phase in an ionic liquid reaction medium via microwave-assisted vinylization and polymerization. The invention is time-effective and environmental friendly for not using volatile organic compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2011
    Publication date: March 21, 2013
    Inventors: Hsi-Ya Huang, Yung-Han Shih, Chao-Hsiang Hsu, Wan-Ling Liu, Singco Brenda
  • Patent number: 8362164
    Abstract: The embodiments of the invention relate to a multifunctional lithiated amine-containing compound comprising at least two molecules of lithiated amine in a molecule of the compound. In one embodiment, the compound has a formula where x is an integer of 1 or more, Q is (a) an element selected from the group consisting of O, S, N, P and Si or (b) an alkylene group having from 1 to 20 methylene groups, and R1 and R2 are the same or different and are selected from the group consisting of alkyls, cycloalkyls and aralkyls containing from 1 to 20 carbon atoms. In another embodiment, the compound comprises cyclic lithio amines and has a formula: where x is 1 or more, R3, R4 and R5 are the same or different and represent alkylene groups containing from 3 to 20 carbon atoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventor: Yan Yan-Yong
  • Publication number: 20130018120
    Abstract: Provided is a dendritic ethylene polymer. The polymer is a dendritic polymer of an ethylene/alpha-olefin-diene copolymer and a vinyl-terminated polyethylene. There is also provided a process for making a dendritic ethylene polymer. The process includes the steps of preparing a dendritic ethylene polymer by reacting ethylene/alpha-olefin-diene copolymer with vinyl-terminated polyethylene in the presence of a radical source. There is also provided a blend and a blown film that include the dendritic ethylene polymer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Publication date: January 17, 2013
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Andy H. Tsou, Shuji Luo, Donna J. Crowther, Gabor Kiss, Johannes M. Soulages, Pradeep P. Shirodkar
  • Publication number: 20130018160
    Abstract: Nonconjugated conductive polymers absorb radioactive iodine, therefore are useful for protection against nuclear radiation. These polymers have at least one double bond per repeat unit. The ratio of the number of double bonds to the total number of bonds along the polymer chain is less than half. Examples of nonconjugated conductive polymers include: cis-1,4-polyisoprene (natural rubber), trans-1,4-polyisoprene (gutta percha), polybutadiene, polydimethyl butadiene, poly(b-pinene), styrene butadiene rubber (SBR), polyalloocimene, polynorbornene and many others. Through interaction with iodine atoms the double bonds in the nonconjugated polymers transform into radical cations leading to a dark color. The iodine atoms remain (immobile) bound to the polymer chain through the charge-transfer interaction, these polymers are very inexpensive and can be easily processed into any shape, structure and size. Therefore, these are useful for protection against nuclear radiation including radioactive iodine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2011
    Publication date: January 17, 2013
    Inventor: Mrinal Thakur
  • Publication number: 20120327504
    Abstract: A white particle for display includes as a constituent element a polymer including at least one species selected from a biphenyl compound having one vinyl group and a biphenyl compound having two vinyl groups as a polymeric component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2011
    Publication date: December 27, 2012
    Applicant: FUJI XEROX CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hiroshi KAYASHIMA, Jun KAWAHARA
  • Patent number: 8337824
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to compositions of a linear polyol and a salt of a crosslinked cation exchange polymer comprising a fluoro group and an acid group. These compositions are useful to bind potassium in the gastrointestinal tract.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Relypsa, Inc.
    Inventors: Detlef Albrecht, Michael Burdick, Han-Ting Chang, Dominique Charmot, Ramakrishnan Chidambaram, Eric Connor, Sherin Halfon, I-Zu Huang, Mingjun Liu, Jonathan Mills, Werner Strüver
  • Patent number: 8334353
    Abstract: Provided herein are polyfarnesenes such as farnesene homopolymers derived from a farnesene and farnesene interpolymers derived from a farnesene and at least a vinyl monomer; and the processes of making and using the polyfarnesenes. The farnesene homopolymer can be prepared by polymerizing the farnesene in the presence of a catalyst such as a Ziegler-Natta catalyst, a Kaminsky catalyst, a metallocene catalyst, an organolithium reagent or a combination thereof. In some embodiments, the farnesene is prepared from a sugar by using a microorganism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: Amyris, Inc.
    Inventor: Derek James McPhee
  • Patent number: 8314196
    Abstract: Provided herein are polyfarnesenes such as farnesene homopolymers derived from a farnesene and farnesene interpolymers derived from a farnesene and at least a vinyl monomer; and the processes of making and using the polyfarnesenes. The farnesene homopolymer can be prepared by polymerizing the farnesene in the presence of a catalyst. In some embodiments, the farnesene is prepared from a sugar by using a microorganism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: Amyris, Inc.
    Inventor: Derek James McPhee
  • Patent number: 8299189
    Abstract: A catalyst composition comprising a zirconium complex of a polyvalent aryloxyether and the use thereof in a continuous solution polymerization of ethylene, one or more C3-30 olefins, and a conjugated or nonconjugated diene to prepare interpolymers having improved processing properties are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Harold W. Boone, Carl N. Iverson, Wayde V. Konze, Daniel D. VanderLende
  • Patent number: 8283427
    Abstract: A process for cationically polymerizing olefin monomers in a reaction mixture includes the step of contacting olefin monomers and a catalytically effective amount of an initiating composition containing (A) a heterogeneous perfluoroaryl substituted Lewis acid coinitiator selected from the group consisting of open chain and cyclic aluminoxane compounds or Group 13 perfluoroaryl Lewis acid compounds of formula (III) and (B) an initiator selected from the group consisting of (i) organic compounds, (ii) halogens, (iii) interhalogens; (iv) Brönsted acids, (v) boron halides; (vi) silicon compounds; and (vii) germanium compounds. A novel initiator system is further disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Inventor: Stewart P. Lewis
  • Publication number: 20120244304
    Abstract: Farnesene interpolymer comprises units derived from a farnesene (e.g., ?-farnesene or ?-farnesene) and units derived from at least one vinyl monomer. The farnesene interpolymer can be prepared by copolymerizing the farnesene and at least one vinyl monomer in the presence of a catalyst. In some embodiments, the farnesene is prepared from a sugar by using a microorganism. In other embodiments, the at least one vinyl monomer is ethylene, an ?-olefin, or a substituted or unsubstituted vinyl halide, vinyl ether, acrylonitrile, acrylic ester, methacrylic ester, acrylamide or methacrylamide, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Publication date: September 27, 2012
    Applicant: Amyris, Inc.
    Inventor: Derek James MCPHEE
  • Patent number: 8273838
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide a class of propylene/?-olefin block interpolymers. The propylene/?-olefin interpolymers are characterized by an average block index, ABI, which is greater than zero and up to about 1.0 and a molecular weight distribution, Mw/Mn, greater than about 1.3. Preferably, the block index is from about 0.2 to about 1. In addition or alternatively, the block propylene/?-olefin interpolymer is characterized by having at least one fraction obtained by Temperature Rising Elution Fractionation (“TREF”), wherein the fraction has a block index greater than about 0.3 and up to about 1.0 and the propylene/?-olefin interpolymer has a molecular weight distribution, Mw/Mn, greater than about 1.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Colin Li Pi Shan, Lonnie G. Hazlitt, Yunwa Wilson Cheung, Benjamin C. Poon, Phillip D. Hustad, Roger L. Kuhlman, Edmund M. Carnahan, XiaoHua Qiu, Angela N. Taha
  • Patent number: 8252880
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes a two-step batch dispersion polymerization process for the preparation of substantially uniformed-sized functional (co)polymer particles. The first step of the process includes polymerizing at least one first radically (co)polymerizable monomer by a free radical polymerization process to form a (co)polymer in a stable colloidal dispersion and the second step includes polymerizing the at first radically (co)polymerizable monomer or an additional radically (co)polymerizable monomer in the stable colloidal dispersion by a living/controlled radical (co)polymerization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2012
    Assignee: Carnegie Mellon University
    Inventors: Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Ke Min, James Spanswick
  • Publication number: 20120178865
    Abstract: The invention provides a composition comprising at least the following: A) interpolymer comprising, in polymerized form, ethylene, an ?-olefm and a nonconjugated polyene; B) sulfur; C) at least one phase transfer catalyst (PTC) selected from the group consisting of the following: Formula (1), wherein each R group is, independently, an alky group having from 4 to 32 carbon atoms, and X is a halogen ion; Formula (2), Wherein the R group is an alky group having from 4 to 32, and X is a halogen ion; Formula (3), wherein R1 is the alky group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, R2 is an alkyl group having from 1 to 32 carbon atoms, and X is a halogen ion; and combinations of (1), (2) and (3); and D) at least one primary accelerator selected from the group consisting of the following: Formula (a), wherein R is H, or a heterocyclic substituent; Formula (b), wherein M is Zn2+, K+, Na+, Cu2+ or an alkyl ammonium; Formula (c), wherein R? and R? are each, independently, H, an alkyl, a cyclic alkyl, an aromatic, or a heteroc
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 29, 2009
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Applicant: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Yabin Sun, Gary R. Marchand, Xiang Yang Tai, Shuwen Peng, Shaoguang Feng
  • Patent number: 8217128
    Abstract: Farnesene interpolymer comprises units derived from a farnesene (e.g., ?-farnesene or ?-farnesene) and units derived from at least one vinyl monomer. The farnesene interpolymer can be prepared by copolymerizing the farnesene and at least one vinyl monomer in the presence of a catalyst. In some embodiments, the farnesene is prepared from a sugar by using a microorganism. In other embodiments, the at least one vinyl monomer is ethylene, an ?-olefin, or a substituted or unsubstituted vinyl halide, vinyl ether, acrylonitrile, acrylic ester, methacrylic ester, acrylamide or methacrylamide, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: Amyris, Inc.
    Inventor: Derek James McPhee
  • Publication number: 20120165474
    Abstract: Provided herein are polyfarnesenes derived from a farnesene and at least two different vinyl monomers. Also provided herein are polyfarnesenes derived from a farnesene; at least two different vinyl monomers, such as (meth)acrylic acid, (meth)acrylic esters, styrene, and substituted styrenes; and at least one functional comonomer such as maleic anhydride.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 1, 2012
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Applicant: AMYRIS, INC.
    Inventors: Derek James MCPHEE, Adam SAFIR, Craig L. REEDER, Joseph G. DOOLAN