Group Ia Or Iia Metal Containing Reactant (e.g., Forming A Soap From Fat And Alkali, I.e., Saponification, Etc.) Patents (Class 554/156)
  • Patent number: 10336927
    Abstract: Bio-derived glycerides formed from a reaction between waste glycerol and biodegradable or bio-derived fatty acid esters such as crude biodiesel or soybean oil triglycerides are useful as dust suppressants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: NDSU RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventor: James Allen Bahr
  • Patent number: 10238591
    Abstract: Cosmetic compositions comprising water, at least one estolide ester compound of Formula (3) wherein n is from 1 to 10, preferably from 2 to 8, and R is selected from branched or linear C3-20-alkyl, and B) optionally at least one surfactant component B, C) optionally at least one thickener component C, D) optionally at least one hair conditioning component D, and E) optionally at least one further component E, different to A to D, can be used for improved hair treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2019
    Assignee: Clariant International Ltd.
    Inventors: Hannah Benson, Katarzyna Kita-Tokarczyk, Dirk Leinweber, Henrike Neuhoff, Anton Kratz, Steffen Romanski
  • Patent number: 9802883
    Abstract: A process for the transesterification of a fatty acid ester of a lower alcohol and a salt of hydroxycarboxylic acid without making use of organic solvents is provided. The process can also be carried out without added anionic surface active agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: PURAC BIOCHEM B.V.
    Inventor: Bastiaan Jeroen Victor Verkuijl
  • Patent number: 9789148
    Abstract: The present invention encompasses a carotenoid composition, a process for producing a carotenoid composition, and methods of use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Assignee: Novus International, Inc.
    Inventors: Gary Reznik, Joan Carles Ferrater Martorell, David Ribera, Antonio Viso, Juan Antonio Fernandez, Delfin Ferrus, Scott Hine
  • Patent number: 9714399
    Abstract: A process includes the transesterification of a fatty acid triglyceride ester with a salt of hydroxycarboxylic acid without making use of organic solvents. The process can carried out with natural oils as starting material and produces a mixture of medium chain mono and diglycerides and medium chain esters of hydroxycarboxylic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2017
    Assignee: Purac Biochem BV
    Inventors: Bastiaan Jeroen Victor Verkuijl, Symone Kok
  • Patent number: 8853435
    Abstract: The present invention includes a nutritional supplement composition that may be used for livestock and the like, as well as to a livestock feed mixture containing same. Also included are methods of preparing the nutritional supplement composition, the livestock feed mixture, as well as methods of providing nutrition to livestock and the like. The livestock feed composition comprises: (a) a solid particulate livestock feed material and (b) a solidified particulate mixture of (i) free fatty acid and (ii) a magnesium salt of a fatty acid, the magnesium salt of a fatty acid being present in an amount in the range of from about 25% to about 55% of the amount of the free fatty acid based upon the theoretical requirement to accomplish the total neutralization of all of fatty acid present.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Milk Specialties Company
    Inventors: Trevor Tomkins, Steven Lamb
  • Patent number: 8546593
    Abstract: Methods of making a liquid crystal mixture essentially comprised of at least one fatty acid ester or fatty acid, at least one polyhydric solvent, and at least one alkali reactant. The resultant mixture includes at least one fatty acid ester or fatty acid, at least one polyhydric solvent, and at least one salt of said fatty acid ester or fatty acid. The resultant mixture exhibits enhanced stability and aqueous solubility of fatty acids and fatty acid esters. When medium chain fatty acid monoglycerides are used in the method, the resultant mixture exhibits antimicrobial efficacy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Copperhead Chemical Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard Peter Curtis Calvert, Charles D. Cappuccino, James David Mosbaugh, Edmund L. Phelan
  • Publication number: 20130137806
    Abstract: Liquid overbased alkali or alkaline earth metal carboxylates, particularly barium carboxylates, are prepared by a process which includes the use of a beta diketone as a reaction promoter during carbonation. Mixed metal stabilizers containing the overbased metal carboxylates are used as stabilizers for halogen-containing polymers such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2011
    Publication date: May 30, 2013
    Applicant: Hammond Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric V. Farone, Benjamin P. Labovitz, Nicholas A. Kruse
  • Patent number: 8426622
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for production of fatty acids directly from soapstock generated in the alkali refining process including the steps of (a) adding a lipase directly to the alkaline soapstock to facilitate hydrolysis of glycerides without prior neutralization, (b) neutralizing and splitting the soaps with strong acids, and (c) separating the fatty acid phase from the aqueous phase by settling and/or centrifugation. A second embodiment is a process in which the soapstock is first neutralized and split with strong acids, followed by adding a lipase to facilitate glyceride hydrolysis, and separating the fatty acid phase. The fatty acids so obtained can be esterified with C1-C6 alcohols using a lipase that is selective for fatty acids and does not transesterify the sterolesters, and the fatty acid esters and sterolesters are separated by distillation. The sterolesters are useful as supplements for food, as pharmaceutical agents for lowering cholesterol and as biofuel and biodiesel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Cognis IP Management GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Kempers, Ulrich Schörken, Thomas Wolf, Setsuo Sato, Wanderson Bueno de Almeida, Pablo Silva Bizzarri, Alexssander Shigueru Araujo
  • Patent number: 8378131
    Abstract: A co-salt of a polyunsaturated fatty acid and a non-fatty acid is formed as a precipitate. The co-salt formed is free flowing and does not tend to agglomerate (cake) in storage. The resultant co-salt product will be easy to blend with other products to produce dietary supplements. These novel co-salt products may also tablet very well and may be added to current dietary supplement tablets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Jost Chemical Company
    Inventors: John Gleason, Douglas Jost, Philip H. Merrell, Doug Caskey
  • Publication number: 20120214216
    Abstract: A process is described for pretreating lignocellulosic biomass. The process comprises swelling the lignocellulosic biomass with an aqueous liquid. The pretreated lignocellulosic biomass may be used as a feedstock for the enzymatic conversion to ethanol, or in a thermal conversion. process to produce bio-oil. The pretreatment results in a greater yield and, in the case of a thermal conversion process, a better quality of the bio-oil. The pretreatment process may be used to adjust the composition and amount of inorganic material present in the lignocellulosic biomass material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 27, 2012
    Publication date: August 23, 2012
    Applicant: KiOR, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Brady, Paul O'Connor, Dennis Stamires
  • Patent number: 8212061
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a highly efficient process for preparing a very pure food-grade organic acid salt of a cationic surfactant derived from the condensation of a fatty acid with an esterified dibasic amino acid. The process involves the following steps: (a) providing a reaction mixture comprising a mineral acid salt of the cationic surfactant and an alkali and/or alkaline earth metal salt of the food-grade organic acid; (b) allowing the reaction between the mineral acid salt of the cationic surfactant and the alkali and/or alkaline earth metal salt of the food-grade organic acid salt to proceed until substantially all of the mineral acid salt of the cationic surfactant has been converted to the food-grade organic acid salt of the cationic surfactant; and (c) recovering the food-grade organic acid salt of the cationic surfactant from the reaction mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Inventor: Vishwas Sadhu Ghare
  • Patent number: 8203013
    Abstract: A method for making a fatty acid mineral salt is disclosed where liquid oils containing fatty acids are hydrolyzed using a base solution. A buffering agent is added to the hydrolyzed solution to maintain pH between 8.0 and 11.0 followed by a water soluble metal salt solution which causes a metathesis reaction with the hydrolyzed solution, forming a precipitates of fatty acid metal salts which are glycerin-free. The precipitates are filtered, washed and subsequently dried. The produced fatty acid metal salt is easier for the human body to digest than omega-3 fatty acid in oil form and also is less prone to oxidation and emitting of unpleasant odor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: JH Biotech, Inc.
    Inventors: Hsinhung John Hsu, Sergejs Trusovs, Tatjana Popova
  • Patent number: 8178707
    Abstract: A co-salt of a polyunsaturated fatty acid and a non-fatty acid is formed as a precipitate. The co-salt formed is free flowing and does not tend to agglomerate (cake) in storage. The resultant co-salt product will be easy to blend with other products to produce dietary supplements. These novel co-salt products may also tablet very well and may be added to current dietary supplement tablets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: Jost Chemical Company
    Inventors: John Gleason, Douglas Jost, Philip H. Merrell, Doug Caskey
  • Patent number: 8178706
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a process for forming a fatty acid, a fatty acid ester or a mixture thereof from a soap-comprising starting material, in which process a metal-ion forming agent is added to the starting material, whereby a mixture is formed, which contains an insoluble phase and a liquid phase, the insoluble phase is separated from the liquid phase, and an acid is added into the insoluble phase to form a fatty acid, or a monohydric alcohol and an acid catalyst are added to form a fatty acid ester, whereby two phases are formed, an aqueous phase and an organic phase, or, first, an acid is added and then a monohydric alcohol and an acid catalyst are added into at least a portion of the formed fatty acid to esterify the fatty acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: Aalto University Foundation
    Inventors: Ossi Pastinen, Simo Laakso, Sanna Hokkanen, Marjatta Vahvaselkä
  • Publication number: 20120083542
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the treatment of waste in a reactor (3) comprising the steps of combining the waste to be processed and an aqueous, alkaline solution to form a reaction mixture, heating the reaction mixture to a temperature range between 140° C. to 250° C. and a pressure between 3 bar and 12 bar to produce at least one aqueous, organic phase, a gas phase and optionally a solid phase, removing the gas phase from the reactor (3), separating the organic and aqueous components of the gas phase, in particular by means of a rectification column and feeding the aqueous components of the gas phase back into the reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2009
    Publication date: April 5, 2012
    Applicant: PATRICK VON HERTZBERG
    Inventor: Thomas Müller
  • Patent number: 8093415
    Abstract: Methods for the preparation of a free-flowing, storage-stable fatty acid metal salt product by forming a reactive admixture of (a) an unsaturated fatty acid glyceride feedstock; and (b) from about 1 mol to about 3 mol of at least one monovalent metal hydroxide or at least one divalent metal hydroxide; and heating the admixture to a temperature at which said fatty acid glycerides saponify to form fatty acid metals salts; wherein said monovalent metal is potassium; and wherein said divalent metal is selected from the group consisting of calcium, copper, magnesium and zinc. The fatty acid glycerides are saponified in an atmosphere in which the partial pressure of oxygen has been reduced by an amount effective to provide an improvement in storage stability until a free-flowing, storage-stage product is obtained. Storage stable metal salts of unsaturated fatty acids prepared by the inventive methods are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: Virtus Nutrition LLC
    Inventors: Daniel Nestor Luchini, George K. Strohmaier, Eiler D. Frederiksen, James G. Hawkes, Bob J. Dull
  • Publication number: 20110282084
    Abstract: Castor oil was hydrolysed to castor fatty acids and self condensed to get a ricinoleic acid-based estolide of about acid value. The carboxylic group of the estolide on subsequent esterification with linear or branched chain alcohols and also on acetylation of free hydroxy group yielded castor oil fatty acids based estolide esters and their acetates. All the products were evaluated for total acid number (TAN), viscosity, viscosity index, pour point, flash point, and copper strip corrosion and found to be potential lubricant basestocks.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2009
    Publication date: November 17, 2011
    Applicant: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research
    Inventors: Satya Bhaskar Potula, Venkata Padmaja Korlipara, Venkata Surya Koppeswara Rao Bhamidipati, Saravanan Krishnasamy, Badari Narayana Prasad Rachapudi
  • Patent number: 8003813
    Abstract: A process for separating a blend of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids or saturated and unsaturated fatty acid alky esters into a first fraction enriched with the saturated fatty acids or saturated fatty acid alkyl esters and a second fraction enriched with unsaturated fatty acids or unsaturated fatty acid alkyl esters. When separating fatty acids, the process includes the steps of (a) saponifying a blend of long chain saturated and unsaturated fatty acids to form free fatty acids, (b) complexing the free fatty acids with urea, and (c) separating the urea complexed free fatty acids into a first fraction enriched with saturated free fatty acids and a second fraction enriched with unsaturated free fatty acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Pos Pilot Plant Corporation
    Inventors: Udaya Nayanakantha Wanasundara, Roger Peterson
  • Publication number: 20110160472
    Abstract: Various methods are provided for metathesizing a feedstock. In one aspect, a method includes providing a feedstock comprising a natural oil, chemically treating the feedstock under conditions sufficient to diminish catalyst poisons in the feedstock, and, following the treating, combining a metathesis catalyst with the feedstock under conditions sufficient to metathesize the feedstock.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 11, 2008
    Publication date: June 30, 2011
    Applicant: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel W. Lemke, Kevin D. Uptain, Francis Amore, Tim Abraham
  • Publication number: 20110039932
    Abstract: Methods for the preparation of a free-flowing, storage-stable fatty acid metal salt product by forming a reactive admixture of (a) an unsaturated fatty acid glyceride feedstock; and (b) from about 1 mol to about 3 mol of at least one monovalent metal hydroxide or at least one divalent metal hydroxide; and heating the admixture to a temperature at which said fatty acid glycerides saponify to form fatty acid metals salts; wherein said monovalent metal is potassium; and wherein said divalent metal is selected from the group consisting of calcium, copper, magnesium and zinc. The fatty acid glycerides are saponified in an atmosphere in which the partial pressure of oxygen has been reduced by an amount effective to provide an improvement in storage stability until a free-flowing, storage-stage product is obtained. Storage stable metal salts of unsaturated fatty acids prepared by the inventive methods are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2010
    Publication date: February 17, 2011
    Applicant: Virtus Nutrition LLC
    Inventors: Daniel Nestor Luchini, George K. Strohmaier, Eiler D. Frederiksen, James G. Hawkes, Bob J. Dull
  • Publication number: 20100305344
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a process for the production of a base complex catalyst comprising reacting a hydroxide base with a polyalcohol, under vacuum pressure, at a temperature in the range of about 60° C. to about 220° C., wherein the mole ratio of the hydroxide base to the polyalcohol is greater than about 2:1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 1, 2008
    Publication date: December 2, 2010
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN
    Inventors: Martin J.T. Reaney, Jianheng Shen, Douglas W. Soveran
  • Patent number: 7820842
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods for the preparation of a free-flowing, storage-stable fatty acid metal salt product by forming a reactive admixture comprising (a) an unsaturated fatty acid glyceride feedstock; and (b) from about 1 mol to about 3 mol of at least one monovalent metal hydroxide or at least one divalent metal hydroxide; and heating the admixture to a temperature at which said fatty acid glycerides saponify to form fatty acid metals salts; wherein said monovalent metal is potassium; and wherein said divalent metal is selected from the group consisting of calcium, copper, magnesium and zinc. The fatty acid glycerides may be saponified in an atmosphere in which the partial pressure of oxygen has been reduced by an amount effective to provide an improvement in storage stability until a free-flowing, storage-stage product is obtained, or prior to saponification, the fatty acid glycerides may blended with a stabilizing oil that promotes storage stability, or both.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: Virtus Nutrition LLC
    Inventors: Daniel Nestor Luchini, George K. Strohmaier, Eiler D. Frederiksen, James G. Hawkes, Bob J. Dull
  • Patent number: 7806945
    Abstract: A system and method for converting a high free fatty acid grease feedstock to biodiesel. The process comprises a glycerolysis reaction to convert free fatty acids to glycerides and a base catalyzed transesterification reaction to produce fatty acid methyl esters and glycerin in the absence of solvents. In preferred embodiments, both glycerin and methanol are recycled. The process can process a feedstock containing up to 100 percent free fatty acid content to produce biodiesel and glycerin with minimal waste generation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2010
    Assignee: Seneca Landlord, LLC
    Inventors: John P Jackam, Joel M Pierce, Frank S Fahrenbruck
  • Patent number: 7759506
    Abstract: The invention relates to trans carotenoid salt compounds, methods for making them, methods for solubilizing them and uses thereof. These compounds are useful in improving diffusivity of oxygen between red blood cells and body tissues in mammals including humans.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2010
    Assignee: Diffusion Pharmaceuticals LLC
    Inventors: John L. Gainer, Raymond C. Grabiak
  • Patent number: 7705169
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of metal salts of a medium-chain length monocarboxylic fatty acid comprises reacting the precursor free fatty acid, dissolved in a suitable solvent, with the appropriate metal salt. The process uses a relatively high concentration of free fatty acid as a soluble reactant and produces metal fatty acid salts at high purity and high yield at a reasonable cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2010
    Assignee: Prometic Biosciences Inc.
    Inventors: Jean-Simon Duceppe, Abdallah Ezzitouni, Christopher Penney, Boulos Zacharie
  • Publication number: 20100084603
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of new polyols and polyesters from a natural oil or other unsaturated fatty acid esters is described. The process involves ozone cleavage of double bonds in the fatty acid chains of the oils along with coupling of a hydroxylated compound such as a mono-alcohol, a diol, or a polyol to the cleaved ends of the molecules resulting from the cleavage with a base. The resulting polyols and polyesters are as intermediates for polymers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2009
    Publication date: April 8, 2010
    Applicants: Board of Trustees of Michigan State University, Bioplastic Polymers and Composites, LLC
    Inventors: Ramani Narayan, Daniel Graiver, Kenneth W. Farminer, Phuong T. Tran, Tam Tran
  • Patent number: 7666234
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an improved process for the preparation of biodiesel from triglyceride oils through transesterification, particularly the fatty acid methyl ester of oil mechanically expelled from whole seeds of Jatropha curcas, a plant with potential for cultivation on wastelands in India and other countries, all unit operations being carried out at ambient temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2010
    Assignee: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
    Inventors: Pushpito Kumar Ghosh, Subbarayappa Adimurthy, Mahesh Ramnikbhai Gandhi, Nilesh Kumar Kanjibhai Vaghela, Meena Rajnikant Rathod, Bhupendra Dhanvantrai Shethia, Jayant Batukrai Pandya, Rajendra Amrutlal Parmar, Prakash Jagjivanbhai Dodia, Mehul Ghanshyambhai Patel, Dahyabhai Revabhai Parmar, Sanat Natwarlal Patel
  • Patent number: 7622600
    Abstract: A continuous biofuel production process includes the steps of introducing a feedstock containing fatty acids and triglycerides into a first reaction vessel, in which alkyl esters are produced through esterification of free fatty acids. The alkyl esters and triglycerides are introduced into a second reaction vessel, in which at least a portion of the triglycerides are converted to alkyl esters and glycerin through transesterification. The alkyl esters, glycerin, and remaining triglycerides are introduced into a third reaction vessel, in which at least a portion of the remaining triglycerides are converted to alkyl esters and glycerin through transesterification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2009
    Assignee: Redland Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Wesley Drew Marr
  • Publication number: 20090131700
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a process for forming a fatty acid, a fatty acid ester or a mixture thereof from a soap-comprising starting material, in which process a metal-ion forming agent is added to the starting material, whereby a mixture is formed, which contains an insoluble phase and a liquid phase, the insoluble phase is separated from the liquid phase, and an acid is added into the insoluble phase to form a fatty acid, or a monohydric alcohol and an acid catalyst are added to form a fatty acid ester, whereby two phases are formed, an aqueous phase and an organic phase, or, first, an acid is added and then a monohydric alcohol and an acid catalyst are added into at least a portion of the formed fatty acid to esterify the fatty acid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 8, 2008
    Publication date: May 21, 2009
    Applicant: Helsinki University of Technology
    Inventors: Ossi Pastinen, Simo Laakso, Sanna Hokkanen, Marjatta Vahvaselka
  • Patent number: 7481937
    Abstract: Various methods and systems are provided below for the treatment of wastewater. According to various embodiments, treatment of wastewater is accomplished using the oxidative power of ozone gas and the interaction between ozone gas, FOGS, and large amounts of surfactants already present in wastewaters to be treated. According to various embodiments of the invention, a combination of oxidation and UV disinfection is used to provide a fact acting treatment for wastewater. These methods and systems generally enable reduced footprint in relation to the volumes treated, reduced cost, and increased efficiency. Various alternative embodiments are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2009
    Assignee: Heavy Industry Technology Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: David Brian Rice, Paul Milton Clift
  • Patent number: 7446215
    Abstract: A novel processing method of producing a solid fat products from air flotation sludge fat, vegetable soap stock and an oily liquid oil ingredient with more than 15% free fatty acid level on a fat basis is provided. The liquid fat or oil ingredient is heated to above 85 degree C., mixed with an alkali, dried to less than 18% moisture, and cooled to below 45 degree C. to convert the oily liquid fat or oil ingredient into the solid fat product in dry form. The product has the bypass fat function. The product is free-flowing and easy to be handled, delivered and applied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2008
    Assignee: Rigel Technology Corporation
    Inventor: John H. Lee
  • Patent number: 7385068
    Abstract: An improved alkaline earth metal stearate composition is disclosed and is prepared by reacting a fatty acid component including stearic acid and palmitic acid with an alkali hydroxide to form an alkaline soap. An aqueous metal salt solution is then added to the soap, and pH adjusted to less than about pH 8 to form the improved alkaline earth metal stearate. The improved alkaline earth metal stearate provides a substantially pure amount of the dihydrate form of the stearate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2008
    Assignee: Mallinckrodt Inc.
    Inventors: Todd P. Heider, Steven M. Wolfgang, Scot R. Randle
  • Patent number: 7367995
    Abstract: Fuel oxygenates comprised of fatty acid or fatty acid ester derivatives which have been reacted with ozone; a base; and a lower alkanol (1 to 8 carbon atoms) are described. The oxygenates comprise ester groups at a point of cleavage by the ozone which provide oxygen in the oxygenate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2008
    Assignee: Board of Trustees of Michigan State University
    Inventors: Ramani Narayan, Daniel Graiver, Kenneth W. Farminer
  • Patent number: 7351844
    Abstract: The invention relates to trans carotenoid salt compounds, methods for making them, methods for solubilizing them and uses thereof. These compounds are useful in improving diffusivity of oxygen between red blood cells and body tissues in mammals including humans.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2008
    Assignee: Diffusion Pharmaceuticals LLC
    Inventors: John L. Gainer, Raymond C. Grabiak
  • Patent number: 7163912
    Abstract: Lubricant compositions are made containing, as a metal protectant additive, an overbased amorphous alkaline earth metal salt of fatty acid. The additive is added in either a liquid or powdered form to the base oil in the composition. The overbased additive in the lubricating composition serves as a metal protectant to provide detergency, friction-modifying and acid-neutralizing properties to the compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2007
    Assignee: OMG Americas, Inc.
    Inventors: Chester E. Ramey, James E. Reddy
  • Patent number: 7126016
    Abstract: A fluorocarboxylic acid preparation process continuously carries out acidification reaction treatment and washing treatment, and includes subjecting a fluorocarboxylate-containing aqueous solution to acidification reaction treatment in the presence of sulfuric acid so as to form a sulfate-containing fluorocarboxylic acid phase; and subjecting the fluorocarboxylic acid phase to washing treatment using an aqueous sulfuric acid solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2006
    Assignees: E.I. DuPont De Nemours and Company, Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Ta-Wei Fu, Steven H. Swearingen, Takuya Ichida, Shuji Itatani
  • Patent number: 7115759
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the manufacture of conjugated linoleic acid, and in particular, to dietary supplements, feeds and food products containing conjugated linoleic acid. Accordingly, processes for producing conjugated linoleic acid of high purity and acid value are disclosed. These processes utilize alcoholate catalysts and esters of sunflower oil, safflower oil, or corn oil as the source of linoleic acid. The esters of conjugated linoleic acid produced by the process can be used in animal feeds and in food products suitable for human consumption. Furthermore, the esters can be converted into free fatty acids or incorporated into triglycerides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2006
    Assignee: Natural ASA
    Inventors: Asgeir Saebo, Per Christian Saebo
  • Patent number: 7098352
    Abstract: Methods for the preparation of storage-stable fatty acid calcium salt products by forming a reactive admixture of (a) an unsaturated fatty acid glyceride feedstock; and (b) from about 10% to about 30% of the total admixture weight of calcium hydroxide; and heating the admixture to a temperature at which the fatty acid glycerides saponify to form fatty acid calcium salts in an atmosphere in which the partial pressure of oxygen has been reduced by an amount effective to provide an improvement in storage stability. Storage stable calcium salts of unsaturated fatty acids prepared by the inventive method are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: Virtus Nutrition LLC
    Inventors: George K. Strohmaier, Nestor D. Luchini, Michael A. Varcho, Eiler D. Frederiksen
  • Patent number: 7087771
    Abstract: A method for making alkyl esters (e.g., methyl ester), such as biodiesel, from an oil source is described. The method involves converting the free fatty acids of the oil source into a mixture of mono-, di-, and tri-glycerides and subsequently transesterifying the newly formed glycerides as well as the originally present glycerides into fatty acid alkyl esters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2006
    Assignee: Biosource America, Inc.
    Inventors: Franz J. Luxem, Jenifer Heydinger Galante, William M. Troy, Randal J. Bernhardt
  • Patent number: 7078459
    Abstract: Liquid overbased calcium/barium/zinc ternary systems are provided for stabilizing halogen-containing polymers. These overbased ternary stabilizer systems are shelf stable liquids and provide polyvinyl chloride compositions with improvements in thermal stability, early color, clarity and plate-out resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2006
    Assignee: Hammond Group, Inc.
    Inventors: James E. Reddy, Jeremy A. Hackett
  • Patent number: 7018462
    Abstract: The present invention provides an organic acid metal salt obtained by reacting a saturated monocarboxylic acid or its salt and an inorganic magnesium compound. The saturated monocarboxylic acid or its salt contains at least 97 wt % of a saturated monocarboxylic acid having 4 to 10 carbon atoms or its salt, and the organic acid metal salt contains at least 99 wt % of an organic acid magnesium salt. This organic acid metal salt consists essentially of an organic acid magnesium salt, and has excellent solubility in an alcohol solvent or a mixed solvent containing at least 5 wt % of an alcohol solvent and excellent temporal stability when being formed into a coating liquid for forming a magnesium oxide film. A coating film obtained from this coating liquid has excellent uniformity and provides a highly transparent magnesium oxide film having a thickness suitable for practical use by baking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2006
    Assignee: NOF Corporation
    Inventors: Koji Kada, Hideyuki Nomura, Kayoko Honda, Kouhei Sawada
  • Patent number: 6998496
    Abstract: Free-flowing unsaturated fatty acid calcium salts with a fatty acid content consisting essentially of (a) about 40 to about 95 wt % unsaturated C16–C22 fatty acids; (b) about 5 to about 60 wt % saturated C14–C22 fatty acids; and (c) no more than about 6 wt % moisture, insolubles and unsaponifiables; with no more than about 20 wt % in the form of glycerides; wherein about 40 to about 65 wt % of total product weight is of trans fatty acids and one or more fatty acids selected from C18:2 and C18:3 fatty acids and C20–C22 omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Products with about 10 to about 65 wt % of total product weight of CLA's and one or more fatty acids selected from non-conjugated C18:2 and C18:3 fatty acids and C20–C22 omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2006
    Assignee: Virtus Nutrition LLC
    Inventors: Nestor Daniel Luchini, George K. Strohmaier, Eiler D. Frederiksen
  • Patent number: 6924382
    Abstract: Free-flowing unsaturated fatty acid calcium salts containing from about 0.1 to about 1.5 equivalents of calcium hydroxide relative to the fatty acid content, with the fatty acid content consisting essentially of (a) from about 40 to about 95% percent by weight of unsaturated C:16-C:22 fatty acids; (b) from about 5 to about 60% by weight of saturated C:14-C:22 fatty acids; and (c) no more than about 6% by weight of moisture, insolubles and unsaponifiables; with no more than about 20% by weight being in for form of glycerides; wherein from about 40 to about 65% by weight of the total product weight consists of trans-C18:1 and C18:2 fatty acids; provided that when less than 0.75 equivalents of calcium hydroxide is present, the fatty acid content is at least 25% by weight saturated fatty acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2005
    Assignee: NuSci Laboratories LLC
    Inventors: George K. Strohmaier, Eiler D. Frederiksen, Nestor D. Luchini
  • Patent number: 6897327
    Abstract: A process to manufacture conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)-containing materials such as conjugated linoleic salts and acids that are enriched in desirable cis-9, trans-11- and trans-10, cis-12-CLA isomers and are low in certain undesirable isomers. The process generally entails isomerization of an alkyl ester of a linoleic acid-containing material at a temperature typically between about 90 to 140° C. to effectuate conjugation of the double bonds, followed by saponification of the resultant CLA-containing fatty acid ester to produce a CLA-containing fatty acid salt, optionally followed by neutralization of the CLA-containing fatty acid salt with an acid source to produce a CLA-containing fatty acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2005
    Assignee: Stepan Company
    Inventors: Joseph C. Rongione, Jenifer Heydinger Galante, Steven L. Clauss, Randal J. Bernhardt, Phouvieng Xayariboun
  • Patent number: 6864382
    Abstract: A method for chemically recycling organic garbage, materials made of the organic garbage and a recycling device used therefor, which comprises of mixing hydroxide (A) having a property of saponifying fats and oils into organic garbage to obtain a decreased gelled mixture (C) by vaporizing water through reaction heat, mixing a given additive (D) into the gelled mixture (C), and step of manufacturing materials (F).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2005
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Techno Life Japan
    Inventor: Hirofumi Kurosaki
  • Patent number: 6855838
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing fatty acid alkyl esters, involving esterifying a material containing free fatty acids (FFA) with an alcohol and an inorganic acid catalyst to form a product containing fatty acid alkyl esters, wherein (i) the material contains at least about 40% FFA and is produced by reacting a feedstock with steam and sulfuric acid at a pH of about 1-about 2 or (ii) the material contains at least about 80% FFA and is produced by reacting a feedstock with steam and alkali at a pH of about 11-about 13 and further reacting the feedstock with steam and sulfuric acid at a pH of about 1-about 2. The feedstock may be selected from the oils or soapstocks of soy, coconut, corn, cotton, flax, palm, rapeseed/canola, safflower, sunflower; animal fats; waste greases; and mixtures thereof; or other fully or partially hydrolyzed preparations of such feedstocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2005
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Michael J. Haas, Karen M. Scott, Paul J. Michalski, Stan Runyon
  • Patent number: 6835328
    Abstract: A metal carbonate/carboxylate microemulsion imparting static and dynamic thermal stability to a halogen-containing polymer is provided which comprises (a) a metal carbonate/carboxylate obtained from the reaction of an oxide and/or hydroxide of a metal selected from the group consisting of sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc and mixtures thereof and an aliphatic acid in which the aliphatic moiety contains up to about 30 carbon atoms and carbon dioxide in an oil; b) one or more non-phenolic compounds having about two or about three hydroxyl groups; and, c) one or more polyols, alcohol ethoxylates and/or alcohol propoxylates having from about 6 to about 24 carbon atoms in the alcohol and/or 0 to 3 ethylene oxide units and/or 0 to 3 propylene oxide units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2004
    Assignee: Crompton Corporation
    Inventors: Julius Fakinlede, Michael H. Fisch, Ulrich Stewen, Radu Bacaloglu, Shah Mukund, Ilze Bacaloglu, Wahib I. Farahat
  • Patent number: 6822105
    Abstract: A method for making alkylesters, or methylester specifically, such as biodiesel, from an oil source is described. The method involves converting the free fatty acids of the oil source into a mixture of mono-, di-, and tri-glycerides and subsequently transesterifying the newly formed glycerides as well as the originally present glycerides into fatty acid alkyl esters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: Stepan Company
    Inventors: Franz J. Luxem, Jenifer Heydinger Galante, William M. Troy, Randall R. Bernhardt
  • Patent number: 6818190
    Abstract: An apparatus for preparing non-photosensitive fatty acid silver salt grains having a first feeding device for feeding a silver ion-containing solution, the solvent of which is water or a mixture of water and an organic solvent, to a closed mixing device; a second feeding device for feeding a solution of a fatty acid alkali metal salt, the solvent of which is water, an organic solvent, or a mixture of water and an organic solvent, to the closed mixing device; a third feeding device for feeding water, or a mixture of water and an organic solvent to the closed mixing device; and the closed mixing device for mixing matter fed from the first, second and third feeding devices, and discharging a liquid containing non-photosensitive fatty acid silver salt grains.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2004
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Naoyuki Kawanishi, Takashi Ando