Chalcogen Bonded Directly To Plural Carbons Or Double-bonded Directly To Carbon Patents (Class 556/416)
  • Patent number: 9688855
    Abstract: A polycarbonate composition comprises: 30 to 95 wt % of one or more bisphenol A polycarbonate homopolymers; and 5 to 70 wt % of a poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer with a siloxane content of 10 wt. % to 25 wt. % based on the total weight of the poly(carbonate-siloxane), in an amount effective to provide a total siloxane content of 0.5 wt. % to 17.5 wt. % based on the total weight of the composition; the poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer comprising bisphenol carbonate units and siloxane units of the formulas or a combination comprising at least one of the foregoing, wherein E has an average value of 10 to 100, preferably 20 to 60, more preferably 30 to 50; wherein in the poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer less than 0.5 mol % of the siloxane units are directly coupled to another siloxane units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V.
    Inventors: Ramon Groote, James Franklin Hoover, Robert Dirk Van De Grampel, Mark Adrianus Johannes Van Der Mee, Remco Wirtz, Jian Yang, Junhua Zhang
  • Patent number: 9598578
    Abstract: A polycarbonate composition comprises: a first poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer comprising carbonate units and siloxane units, wherein less than 0.5 mol % of the siloxane units are directly coupled to another siloxane unit; the first poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer comprising siloxane units with an average block length of about 10 to about 100, and a siloxane content from 5 wt % to 8 wt %; a second poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer comprising carbonate units and siloxane units, wherein less than 0.5 mol % of the siloxane units are directly coupled to another siloxane unit; the second poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer comprising siloxane units with an average block length of 10 to 100, a siloxane content from 10 wt % to 30 wt %, and wherein the weight ratio of the first poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer to the second poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer is 2 to 20; and optionally a bisphenol polycarbonate; wherein the polycarbonate composition has a total siloxane content of 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V
    Inventors: Ramon Groote, James Franklin Hoover, Robert Dirk Van De Grampel, Mark Adrianus Johannes Van Der Mee, Remco Wirtz, Jian Yang, Junhua Zhang
  • Patent number: 9598577
    Abstract: A polycarbonate composition comprises: a first poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer, comprising a polysiloxane block with an average block length of 10 to 100, and a siloxane content from 5 wt % to 10 wt %; and a second poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer comprising a polysiloxane block with an average block length of 10 to 100, and a siloxane content from 30 wt % to 60 wt %; wherein the weight ratio of the first poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer to the second poly(carbonate-siloxane) copolymer is greater than or equal to 2 to less than 8; and a bisphenol A homopolycarbonate, wherein the polycarbonate composition has a total siloxane content of 2.5 wt % to 10 wt % based on the total weight of the composition; and a molded part of 1 mm thickness has a haze of less than 10% as measured by HazeGard (ASTM D1003-00).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V.
    Inventors: Ramon Groote, James Franklin Hoover, Robert Dirk Van De Grampel, Mark Adrianus Johannes Van Der Mee, Remco Wirtz, Jian Yang, Junhua Zhang
  • Patent number: 9255186
    Abstract: A thermosetting resin. The resin includes a silane and a co-reactant monomer. The silane includes a quaternary silicon atom with first and second non-hydrolyzable moieties chemically bonded thereto. Each of the first and second non-hydrolyzable moieties includes respective first and second reactive groups. The reactive groups include at least one aromatic or unsaturated group having a triple bond.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Vandana Vij, Andrew Guenthner, Timothy S. Haddad, Joseph M. Mabry
  • Patent number: 9217064
    Abstract: A reactive, non-hydrolyzable silane. The silane comprises a quaternary silicon atom and first and second terminal groups. Each of the first and second terminal groups is chemically bonded to the quaternary silicon atom and is selected from a group consisting of cyanate ester, epoxide, episulfide, acrylate, alkene, styrenic, maleimide, phthalonitrile, acetylene, aryl ethynylene, benzoxazine, anthracene, aniline, trifluorovinyl ether, and perfluorocyclobutyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Assignee: THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE AIR FORCE
    Inventors: Vandana Vij, Andrew Guenthner, Timothy Haddad, Joseph Mabry
  • Patent number: 9000188
    Abstract: The present invention features monocyclic cyanoenone compositions and methods for using the same in the treatment of diseases such as cancer, inflammatory diseases and neurodegenerative diseases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Trustees of Dartmouth College
    Inventors: Tadashi Honda, Emilie David, Dale Mierke
  • Patent number: 8975430
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a single step catalytic process for the production of enantiomerically pure ?-Aryloxy-??-Azido/Alkoxy alcohols of formula (A). The invention, in particular discloses phenolytic kinetic resolution of racemic anti and syn azido/alkoxy epoxides to generate two stereocentres of high optical purities of formula (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research
    Inventors: Pratibha Uttam Karabal, Dayanand Ambadas Kamble, Arumugam Sudalai
  • Publication number: 20140350276
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a single step catalytic process for the production of enantiomerically pure ?-Aryloxy-??-Azido/Alkoxy alcohols of formula (A). The invention, in particular discloses phenolytic kinetic resolution of racemic anti and syn azido/alkoxy epoxides to generate two stereocentres of high optical purities of formula (A).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: Pratibha Uttam Karabal, Dayanand Ambadas Kamble, Arumugam Sudalai
  • Publication number: 20140249244
    Abstract: The present invention relates to polymer, homo- or copolymer or oligomer for the photoalignment of liquid crystals, especially for the planar orientation of liquid crystals, comprising a main chain and a side chain, wherein the side chain and/or main chain comprises a polar group, compositions thereof, and its use for optical and electro optical devices, especially liquid crystal devices (LCDs).
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: ROLIC AG
    Inventors: Sabrina Chappellet, Jean-Francois Eckert, Mohammed Ibn-Elhaj, Frederic Lincker, Satish Palika, Hubert Seiberle, Qian Tang, Eva Veenstra
  • Publication number: 20140031575
    Abstract: A compound represented by the formula (I) [R1 to R8 represent an alkyl group, an alkenyl group, and the like; n represents 0 or 1; R4 represents an amino group or —(CX2)m—COOH (m represents 0 to 3, and X represents hydrogen atom); R5 represents —(CY2)p—COOR6 (p represents an 0 to 3, Y represents hydrogen atom, and R6 represents hydrogen atom or an alkyl group)], or a salt thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2012
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Applicants: KEMPHYS LTD., RESEARCH FOUNDATION ITSUU LABORATORY
    Inventors: Hideaki Muratake, Ai Ito, Koichi Shudo
  • Publication number: 20130310577
    Abstract: Described is a method for the preparation of renin inhibitors such as aliskiren, and intermediates useful therein. The method introduces a nitrogen-containing intermediate such as a lactone of formula (8). with R4 being a branched C3-6 alkyl. In the preparation of the lactone, or related intermediates, a desired stereochemical configuration can be controlled by starting from a chiral aldehyde satisfying formula (10).
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2013
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Applicant: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Ben DE LANGE, Anna Maria Cornelia Francisca CASTELIJNS, Johannes Gerardus DE VRIES, Andreas Hendrikus Maria DE VRIES, Jeroen Antonius Franciscus BOOGERS
  • Publication number: 20130274480
    Abstract: The present invention features monocyclic cyanoenone compositions and methods for using the same in the treatment of diseases such as cancer, inflammatory diseases and neurodegenerative diseases.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Inventors: Tadashi Honda, Emilie David, Dale Mierke
  • Patent number: 8461368
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing organic silane compounds having a ?-cyano ester group. In particular, the present invention relates to a process for preparing organic silane compounds having a ?-cyano ester group, in which ?-cyano ?-cyano containing compounds having an unsaturated group are hydrosilylated using a hydro alkoxy silane in the presence of a platinum-vinyl siloxane catalyst. The preparation process according to the present invention can stably initiate and progress the reaction, minimize the generation of by-products, and prepare organic silane compounds having a ?-cyano ester structure with high yield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: No Ma Kim, Jeong Min Ha, Sung Soo Yoon
  • Publication number: 20130016295
    Abstract: A novel approach for generating FLC electro-optics with gray-scale resolution includes using FLC material that is: (i.) capable of electrostatic V-shape switching, (ii.) capable of optical latching, and (iii.) not requiring DC balance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2012
    Publication date: January 17, 2013
    Inventor: David M. Walba
  • Publication number: 20120142911
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the synthesis of intermediates which are useful in TTX synthesis and to the preparation thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Publication date: June 7, 2012
    Inventors: Pedro Noheda Marín, Luis Miguel Lozano Gordillo, Nuria Tabares Cantero, Raúl Benito Arenas, David Herrero
  • Patent number: 8182716
    Abstract: Disclosed is a novel liquid crystal compound, a liquid crystal composition comprising the same, and an optical film using the same liquid crystal composition. More particularly, there is provided a liquid crystal material of a viewing angle compensation film with high quality characteristics, which can improve a contrast ratio and minimize variations in color with viewing angles in a black state, a liquid crystal composition comprising the same liquid crystal material, and a compensation film obtained from the same liquid crystal composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2012
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jae-Ho Cheong, Min-Jin Ko, Myung-Sun Moon, Bum-Gyu Choi, Dae-Ho Kang, Ki-Youl Lee, Yun-Bong Kim
  • Patent number: 8158023
    Abstract: Disclosed are a biaxial liquid crystal compound, a liquid crystal composition comprising the same, and an optical film using the same liquid crystal composition. More particularly, there is provided a liquid crystal material of a viewing angle compensation film with high quality characteristics, which can improve a contrast ratio and minimize variations in color with viewing angles in a black state, a liquid crystal composition comprising the same liquid crystal material, and a compensation film obtained from the same liquid crystal composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jae-Ho Cheong, Min-Jin Ko, Myung-Sun Moon, Bum-Gyu Choi, Dae-Ho Kang, Ki-Youl Lee, Yun-Bong Kim
  • Publication number: 20110319641
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a novel method for preparing a synthetic intermediate for treprostinil via a stereoselective alkyne addition reaction. Also described are methods of preparing treprostinil comprising the alkyne addition reaction described herein as well as novel intermediates useful for synthesis prostacyclin derivatives, such as treprostinil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2011
    Publication date: December 29, 2011
    Inventors: Hitesh Batra, Raju Penmasta, Vijay Sharma, Sudersan M. Tuladhar, David A. Walsh
  • Patent number: 8052891
    Abstract: Disclosed are a novel fluorene derivative, a liquid crystal composition comprising the same, and an optical film using the same liquid crystal composition. More particularly, there are provided a liquid crystal material for a viewing angle compensation film with high quality characteristics, which can improve a contrast ratio measured at an oblique angle to the front and minimize variations in color with viewing angles in a black state, a liquid crystal composition comprising the same liquid crystal material, and a compensation film obtained from the same liquid crystal composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2011
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jae-Ho Cheong, Min-Jin Ko, Myung-Sun Moon, Bum-Gyu Choi, Dae-Ho Kang, Ki-Youl Lee, Yun-Bong Kim
  • Publication number: 20110232178
    Abstract: Compounds and methods that release 1-methylcyclopropene, 1-trifluoromethylcyclopropene, and other substituted cyclopropenes are disclosed. The compounds and methods overcome present limitations for storage, transportation, and application of the cyclopropene containing compounds by using light, including sunlight, and/or heat as the primary release trigger. Additional products released include innocuous gases and value added aryl-group compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2011
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Inventors: John Perrin Davis, Cheryl D. Stevenson
  • Patent number: 7932414
    Abstract: The invention relates to silane of formula (Ia), wherein the radicals and indices have the following meaning: R is an alkylene, arylene or alkylenearylene group that can be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms or carboxyl or amino groups or can carry said atoms/groups on their ends opposite the silicon atom; R1 is a Z?-substituted alkylene, arylene or alkylenearylene group, which can be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms or carboxyl or amino groups or can carry said atoms/groups on one of their ends; R? is an alkyl, alkenyl, aryl, alkylaryl or arylalkyl group; B and B? can be identical or different, both radicals can have the meaning of a straight-chained or branched organic group with at least one C?C double bond and at least 2 carbon atoms; B? can mean instead thereof but also —R2aSi(OR3)4-a or —R2aR?bSi(OR3)4-a-b, wherein R2 is an alkylene group and R? has the meaning defined above; X represents a group that can enter into a hydrolytic while forming Si—O—Si bridges; Z? means —NH
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2011
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Angewandten Forschung E.V.
    Inventor: Herbert Wolter
  • Patent number: 7915330
    Abstract: A silicone fluid comprising a chromophore-substituted polyorganosiloxane having a formula (2): wherein x is an integer in the range of 60 to 2000; y is an integer in the range of 5 to 100; a ratio x:y is in a range of about 10:1 to about 20:1; and X is a photostabilizing chromophore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: Hallstar Innovations Corp.
    Inventors: Craig A. Bonda, Anna Pavlovic, Anthony J. O'Lenick, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7855301
    Abstract: The invention relates to silane of formula (Ia), wherein the radicals and indices have the following meaning: R is an alkylene, arylene or alkylenearylene group that can be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms or carboxyl or amino groups or can carry said atoms/groups on their ends opposite the silicon atom; R1 is a Z?-substituted alkylene, arylene or alkylenearylene group, which can be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulfur atoms or carboxyl or amino groups or can carry said atoms/groups on one of their ends; R? is an alkyl, alkenyl, aryl, alkylaryl or arylalkyl group; B and B? can be identical or different, both radicals can have the meaning of a straight-chained or branched organic group with at least one C?C double bond and at least 2 carbon atoms; B? can mean instead thereof but also —R2aSi(OR3)4-a or —R2aR?bSi(OR3)4-a-b, wherein R2 is an alkylene group and R? has the meaning defined above; X represents a group that can enter into a hydrolytic while forming Si—O—Si bridges; Z? means —NH
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 21, 2010
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Angewandten Forschung E.V.
    Inventor: Herbert Wolter
  • Publication number: 20100126563
    Abstract: Dyes for dye-sensitized solar cell are provided. Each of the dyes for a dye-sensitized solar cell according to an embodiment has a chemical structure: wherein each of X and Y may comprise a substituent, comprising aromatic hydrocarbon groups which are respectively independently substituted or unsubstituted, aromatic heterocyclic groups which are substituted or unsubstituted, and a combination thereof, Z may comprise aromatic hydrocarbon groups which are substituted or unsubstituted, heterocyclic groups which are substituted or unsubstituted, vinyl groups, and polyvinyl groups which are substituted or unsubstituted, and A may comprise acid functional groups.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2009
    Publication date: May 27, 2010
    Inventors: Jonghyun Park, Seongkee Park, Sunghoon Joo, Jinok Hwang, Taeyoun Kim
  • Patent number: 7723409
    Abstract: The invention describes a composition comprising a) a naturally occurring or synthetic elastomer susceptible to oxidative, thermal, dynamic, light-induced and/or ozone-induced degradation, b) a white reinforcing filler, and c) as coupling agent, at least one compound of the formula (I) wherein the general symbols are as defined in claim 1, or an oligomeric hydrolysis product of the compound of the formula (I).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2010
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chem. Corp.
    Inventors: Francesco Fuso, Michèle Gerster, Gerrit Knobloch, Pierre Rota-Graziosi
  • Publication number: 20100078594
    Abstract: Disclosed are a biaxial liquid crystal compound, a liquid crystal composition comprising the same, and an optical film using the same liquid crystal composition. More particularly, there is provided a liquid crystal material of a viewing angle compensation film with high quality characteristics, which can improve a contrast ratio and minimize variations in color with viewing angles in a black state, a liquid crystal composition comprising the same liquid crystal material, and a compensation film obtained from the same liquid crystal composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2008
    Publication date: April 1, 2010
    Inventors: Jae-Ho Cheong, Min-Jin Ko, Myung-Sun Moon, Bum-Gyu Choi, Dae-Ho Kang, Ki-Youl Lee, Yun-Bong Kim
  • Patent number: 7686878
    Abstract: A coating composition is provided which includes an adhesion promoter or a crosslinker silane which, upon hydrolysis, of its hydrolyzable sites, produces a reduced amount of volatile organic compound compared to that produced by the hydrolysis of a silane possessing an equivalent number of hydrolyzable sites all of which are hydrolyzable alkoxy groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: Momentive Performance Materials, Inc.
    Inventor: Kendall L. Guyer
  • Publication number: 20080287578
    Abstract: The invention describes a composition comprising a) a naturally occurring or synthetic elastomer susceptible to oxidative, thermal, dynamic, light-induced and/or ozone-induced degradation, b) a white reinforcing filler, and c) as coupling agent, at least one compound of the formula (I) wherein the general symbols are as defined in claim 1, or an oligomeric hydrolysis product of the compound of the formula (I).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2004
    Publication date: November 20, 2008
    Inventors: Francesco Fuso, Michele Gerster, Gerrit Knobloch, Pierre Rota-Graziosi
  • Patent number: 7262313
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel organic silane compound, and more particularly, to a novel organic silane compound, useful in various applications, for the purpose of improving the affinity of an organic resin to an inorganic filler or improving the adhesion of a coating layer comprising matrix resin to a substrate. It is particularly useful for improving the adhesion of a polarizing plate adhesive for a liquid crystal display to a glass substrate, with little change over time even under hot and humid conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2007
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Michael J. Kim, Noma Kim, Anna Lee, Sera Kim, Sukky Chang, Sungchul Lim
  • Patent number: 6723864
    Abstract: Siloxane bischloroformates are prepared in a continuous process by phosgenating siloxane bisphenols in a flow reactor using a substantial excess of phosgene and sodium hydroxide. While very high levels (>95%) of conversion of the siloxane bisphenol to the corresponding siloxane bischloroformate are achieved using a flow reactor according to the method of the invention, only more modest conversion (˜90%) of the siloxane bisphenol to the corresponding siloxane bischloroformate is attained when analogous batch processes are employed. The process holds promise for use in the manufacture of silicone-containing copolycarbonates which requires high purity siloxane bischloroformate intermediates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2004
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: James Manio Silva, David Michel Dardaris, Gary Charles Davis
  • Patent number: 6262287
    Abstract: Organosiloxane fragrance precursor compounds having at least one organosiloxane unit of the formula or a mixture thereof and if any other siloxane unit(s) in the said organosiloxanes being present this/these is/are of formula wherein R represents a substituted or unsubstituted C1-8 alkyl group or a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group; R″ represents a hydrogen atom, a monovalent C1-8 hydrocarbon group or a monovalent C1-8 halogenated hydrocarbon group; R1 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-8 alkyl group or a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group or a bond connecting CR1 and CR3; R3 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-8 alkyl group or a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group; represents (CR42)n whereby R4 represents a substituted or unsubstituted C1-8 alkyl group or a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group or a hydrogen atom and whereby n is from 0-20 and each R4 is the same or different; OR2 repres
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Assignee: Givaudan-Roure (International) SA
    Inventors: Denise Anderson, Georg Frater
  • Patent number: 5977124
    Abstract: .beta.-adrenergic agonists for the treatment of diseases/conditions such as obesity and diabetes. The compounds have formula (I), wherein R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3, R.sup.4, R.sup.5, R.sup.6, R.sup.7, W, X, Y and Z are as defined in the specification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1999
    Assignee: Pfizer Inc.
    Inventor: Robert L. Dow
  • Patent number: 5961962
    Abstract: Topically applicable sunscreen/cosmetic compositions well suited for enhanced photoprotection of human skin and/or hair against the damaging effects of UV-A and UV-B irradiation, particularly solar radiation, comprise a photoprotecting effective amount of a novel cinnamonitrile-substituted polyorganosiloxane/polyorganosilane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: Societe L'Oreal S.A.
    Inventors: Herve Richard, Madeleine Leduc, Alain Lagrange
  • Patent number: 5827509
    Abstract: Topically applicable sunscreen/cosmetic compositions well suited for enhanced photoprotection of human skin and/or hair against the damaging effects of UV-A and UV-B irradiation, particularly solar radiation, comprise a photoprotecting effective amount of a novel cinnamonitrile-substituted polyorganosiloxane/polyorganosilane having one of the formulae (1) to (3): ##STR1## wherein A is a monovalent cinnamonitrile radical which comprises an alkylene or alkyleneoxy bridging group, which is bonded directly to a silicon atom, and which has the formula (4): ##STR2##
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1998
    Assignee: Societe L'Oreal S.A.
    Inventors: Herve Richard, Madeleine Leduc, Alain Lagrange
  • Patent number: 5550272
    Abstract: A method for silating unsaturated monomers by contacting a system having at least one SiH group, an unsaturated monomer, a transition metal catalyst and a free radical polymerization inhibitor is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1996
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Larry N. Lewis, Terrell W. Carothers
  • Patent number: 5514825
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is hydrogen or alkyl of 1 to 10 carbons; R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 are hydrogen, or alkyl of 1 to 6 carbons and the substituted ethynyl group occupies either the 2 or the 3 position of the tetrahydronaphthalene nucleus; m is an integer having the value of 0-3; o is an integer having the value 0-4; Y is a phenyl group, or heteroaryl selected from a group consisting of pyridyl, thienyl, furyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, and imidazolyl, said groups being optionally substituted with one or two R.sub.2 groups; A is (CH.sub.2).sub.n where n is 0-5, lower branched chain alkyl having 3-6 carbons, cycloalkyl having 3-6 carbons, alkenyl having 2-6 carbons and 1 or 2 double bonds, alkynyl having 2-6 carbons and 1 or 2 triple bonds; B is hydrogen, COOH or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, COOR.sub.8, CONR.sub.9 R.sub.10, --CH.sub.2 OH, CH.sub.2 OR.sub.11, CH.sub.2 OCOR.sub.11, CHO, CH(OR.sub.12).sub.2, CHOR.sub.13 O, --COR.sub.7, CR.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1996
    Assignee: Allergan, Inc.
    Inventors: Vidyasagar Vuligonda, Min Teng, Richard L. Beard, Alan T. Johnson, Tien T. Duong, Yuan Lin, Roshantha A. Chandraratna
  • Patent number: 5386047
    Abstract: Anionically polymerizable di-.alpha.-cyanopentadienoate disiloxane compounds of the formula:[CH.sub.2 .dbd.CH--CH.dbd.C(CN)--C(.dbd.O)--O--CH.sub.2 --R--Si(R").sub.2 ].sub.2 --Owhere R is --CH.dbd.CH-- or --C(.dbd.CH.sub.2)-- and the R" groups are the same or different hydrocarbon or halo substituted hydrocarbon groups are prepared by hydrolysis of a cyanoacetoxypropenylsilane having a hydrolyzable group attached to the silicon atom and then condensing the resulting disiloxane compound with acrolein. The di-.alpha.-cyanopentadienoate disiloxane compounds are useful as instant adhesives and as co-monomers in cyanoacrylate or cyanopentadienoate instant adhesives, providing the adhesive polymers or copolymers with improved thermal resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1995
    Assignee: Loctite Corporation
    Inventors: Steven T. Nakos, John G. Woods
  • Patent number: 5359101
    Abstract: Anionically polymerizable monomers containing at least one silicon or titanium atom form polymeric photoresists having good dry etch resistance for use in microlithography. The monomers are of the formula ##STR1## wherein A is --H or --CH.dbd.CH.sub.2 ; X is a strong electron withdrawing group;Y is a strong electron withdrawing group containing at least one silicon or titanium atom.Preferably Y is ##STR2## wherein n is 1-5 and R.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 alkyl. A particularly preferred monomer is 3-trimethylsilylpropyl 2-cyanoacrylate.Methods for applying a resist coating by vapor deposition of these monomers and exposure to radiation are described. A positive or negative tone image can be produced, depending upon the imaging method employed. The imaging layer may be applied over a planarizing layer to form a multilayer photoresist.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1994
    Assignee: Loctite Ireland, Ltd.
    Inventors: John Woods, Pauline Coakley
  • Patent number: 5336670
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula ##STR1## wherein X is hydrogen, halogen or an optionally substituted alkyl, Y is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen optionally substituted alkyl, an optionally substituted aryl or arylalkyl, --(CH.sub.2).sub.m Si (Alk.sub.1).sub.3, --(CH.sub.2).sub.n OAlk.sub.2 or --(CH.sub.2).sub.p SAlk.sub.3, m, n and p are an integer from 0 to 6, Alk.sub.1, Alk.sub.2 and Alk.sub.3 are alkyl and R is alkyl of 1 to 18 carbon atoms or the remainder of an alcohol used in the pyrethrinoid series having pesticide properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 9, 1994
    Assignee: Roussel-Uclaf
    Inventors: Marc Benoit, Jean-Pierre Demoute, Jean-Marc Girodeau
  • Patent number: 5329023
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of preparing optically active alcohols which consist substantially (at least 75% e.e.) or entirely of one enantiomer of formula 4 ##STR1## wherein R and A are as defined therein. The method comprises, which maintaining enantiomeric excess, converting an optically active cyanohydrin of formula 1 ##STR2## into optically active protected cyanohydrin of formula 2 ##STR3## converting the protected cyanohydrin of formula 2 into an optically active compound of formula 3 ##STR4## removing the protecting group B.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 12, 1994
    Assignee: Duphar International Research B.V.
    Inventors: Johannes Brussee, Arne Van Der Gen
  • Patent number: 5218136
    Abstract: A styryl compound of the formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1, R.sub.2 and R.sub.11 are the same or different and a hydrogen atom, an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl or aralkyl group or R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 may form a ring together with the nitrogen atom to which they are bonded, which ring may include at least one hetero atom in addition to said nitrogen atom; R.sub.10 is an optionally substituted alkylene group; R.sub.3 is --OH, --OCOR.sub.5 or --OSi(R.sub.5).sub.3 in which R.sup.5 is an alkyl group; R.sub.12 and R.sub.13 are independently a hydrogen atom, an optionally substituted lower alkyl or alkoxy group, an amide group or a halogen atom; X, Y, W and Z are the same or different and an electron attracting group, and n is a number of 2-15, which is suitable as a light absorber in a photoresist composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1993
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Takanori Yamamoto, Shinji Konishi, Ryotaro Hanawa, Akirhiro Furuta, Takeshi Hioki, Jun Tomioka
  • Patent number: 5217645
    Abstract: A mesomorphic compound represented by the following formula (I): ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 denotes a linear or branched alkyl group having 2-16 carbon atoms capable of including one or non-neighboring two methylene groups which can be replaced with --O--, --S--, --CO--, --COO-- or --OCO-- and capable of including a hydrogen atom which can be replaced with a fluorine atom; A denotes --A.sub.1 -- or --A.sub.1 --A.sub.2 --; B.sub.2 denotes --B.sub.3 -- or --B.sub.3 --B.sub.4 --; A.sub.1, A.sub.2, B.sub.1, B.sub.3 and B.sub.4 independently denote ##STR2## wherein Y.sub.1 and Y.sub.2 independently denote a hydrogen atom, F, Cl, Br, --CH.sub.3, --CN or --CF.sub.3, with the proviso that B.sub.1 can be a single bond; Z.sub.1 and Z.sub.2 independently denote a single bond, --COO--, --OCO--, --CH.sub.2 O-- or --OCH.sub.2 --; Z.sub.3 denotes --O--, --CO--, --COO-- or --OCO--; R.sub.2, R.sub.3 and R.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1993
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Takashi Iwaki, Takao Takiguchi, Takeshi Togano, Yoko Yamada, Shinichi Nakamura
  • Patent number: 5140084
    Abstract: A silicon-containing alpha-cyanoacrylate, useful as an adhesive, having the general formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 is an alkylene group containing 1 to 6 carbon atoms; and R.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are each alkyl groups containing 1 to 6 carbon atoms, is disclosed. A process for preparing the silicon-containing alpha-cyanoacrylate compound is also set forth. In this process a cyanoacetate having the structural formula ##STR2## wherein R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are as defined above, is dehydrocondensed with formaldehyde or paraformaldehyde in the presence of a basic catalyst to produce a condensation polymer. The condensation polymer is thereupon depolymerized at elevated temperature to produce the silicon-containing alpha-cyanoacrylate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1992
    Assignee: Three Bond Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Mikuni, Toshiyuki Chikusa
  • Patent number: 5106530
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compounds of the formula ##STR1## in which Z is a halogen atom, a cyano group or a hydroxyl group,n is 0, 1 or 2,R' is a radical of the formulaR'"--[Si(R*).sub.2 ].sub.x (CH.sub.2).sub.y R""-- (9),in whichx is the number 0 or 1,y is an integer from 1 to 18,R'"is a defined in the description,R* is identical or different, optionally substituted C.sub.1 - to C.sub.18 -hydrocarbon or hydrocarbonoxy radicals,R"" is a phenylene or biphenylene radical or a radical of the formula --E--, whereE is a divalent radical of the formula --O-- or --[Si(R*).sub.2 ].sub.z --, andz is the number 0 or 1,and the compounds contain at least one group of the formula --Si(R*).sub.2 -- per molecule, and the radicalR" is a cholesteryl radical, a radical as defined for R* or a radical of the formula --C.sub.6 H.sub.4 --R*,and the preparation and use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1992
    Assignee: Consortium fur Elektrochemische Ind.
    Inventors: Wolfgang Haas, Norman Haberle, Rainer Winkler, Franz-Heinrich Kreuzer
  • Patent number: 5101059
    Abstract: This invention relates to compounds of the formula a compound of the formula ##STR1## wherein X is O, CR.sub.7 R.sub.8, S or NR.sub.9 wherein R.sub.7 and R.sub.8 are independently hydrogen, or lower alkyl, and R.sub.9 is lower alkyl;n is 0 or 1;R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are independently hydrogen, lower alkyl, monoorganosilyl, diorganosilyl, triorganosilyl, halogen, aryl, or nitro;R.sub.3 is hydrogen, lower alkyl, monoorganosilyl, diorganosilyl, triorganosilyl, halogen, 9-fluorenylalkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl or aralkyl;R.sub.4 and R.sub.5 are independently hydrogen, lower alkyl, or aryl or one of R.sub.4 and R.sub.5 is 9-fluorenyl;R.sub.6 is H or COZ wherein Z is an amino acid, a peptide residue or a leaving group; andwith the provisos that when n is 0 and R.sub.3 is hydrogen, R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are not hydrogen, halogen or nitro; that when n is 0 and R.sub.3 is lower alkyl, R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are not hydrogen; and that when X is O or CR.sub.7 R.sub.8 wherein R.sub.7 and R.sub.8 are H, that R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1992
    Assignee: Research Corporation Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Louis A. Carpino, An-Chuu Wu
  • Patent number: 5087717
    Abstract: Organotrialkoxysilane stabilizers for inorganic silicate corrosion inhibitor additives in antifreezer/coolant formulations are described. The stabilizers have the following structure; ##STR1## wherein R is an alkyl group of 1-4 carbon atoms, R.sub.1 is either ##STR2## and R.sub.2 may be selected from ##STR3## and R.sub.3 is phenyl or ##STR4## These stabilizers help prevent the gelling of the corrosion inhibiting silicate additives in antifreezer/coolant formulations thereby increasing the useful lifetime of such formulations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1992
    Assignee: Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Il Nam Jung, Sang Yo Hwang, Hae Kyung Bae
  • Patent number: 5013854
    Abstract: An improved process for preparing trialkylsilyl ester and acid halide derivatives of carboxylic acids is provided along with novel trialkylsilyl ester intermediates of 2-(2-furyl)-2-methoximinoacetic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1991
    Assignee: Eli Lilly and Company
    Inventor: Charles A. Bunnell
  • Patent number: 4965385
    Abstract: Organotrialkoxysilane stabilizers for inorganic silicate corrosion inhibitor additives in antifreezer/coolant formulations are described. The stabilizers have the following structure: ##STR1## wherein R is an alkyl group of 1-4 carbon atoms, R.sub.1 is either ##STR2## and R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 may be same or different and selected from --Ph, --CN, ##STR3## (wherein R is an alkyl group of 1-4 carbon atoms). These stabilizers help prevent the gelation of the corrosion inhibiting silicate additives in antifreezer/coolant formulations so that the silicates could be more persistent in their corrosion inhibiting properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 23, 1990
    Assignee: Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Il Nam Jung, Sang Yo Hwang, Hae Kyung Bae
  • Patent number: 4956472
    Abstract: An oxygen bleach composition which includes a peroxy bleach component selected from the group consisting of perborates, persulfates, persilicates, perphosphates, and percarbonates, and an organic oxygen bleach activator component capable of reacting with the peroxy bleach component to produce an active peroxy acid, the activator being selected from the group consisting of acetamide functional organosilicon compounds and succinimide functional organosilicon compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1990
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Sunny J. Lo, Terence J. Swihart, Andrew H. Ward
  • Patent number: 4954534
    Abstract: An organosilicon compound having general formula (I) ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 represents fluorine; l is an integer of 1 to 5; R.sup.2 represents a lower alkyl group, a lower unsaturated alkyl group or an aromatic group, R.sup.3, R.sup.4, R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 each represent hydrogen, halogen, an alkyl group, an aryl group, a nitro group, a cyano group, and an alkoxyl group, which may be the same or different; m is an integer of 0 to 2, when m is 2, each R.sup.2 may be the same or different; and n is an integer of 1 to 3, provided that m+n is not more than 3 (m+n.ltoreq.3), and a photopolymerizable epoxy resin composition prepared by mixing an epoxy resin component, the above photodecomposing organosilicon compound, and an aluminum compound are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1990
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventor: Tetsu Yamamuro