Acyclic Patents (Class 570/134)
  • Patent number: 10414704
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process of catalytic fluorination in gas phase of product 1,1,1,2,3-pentachloropropane or/and 1,1,2,2,3-pentachloropropane into product 2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene in presence of a catalyst and oxygen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Philippe Bonnet, Anne Pigamo, Laurent Wendlinger, Nicolas Doucet
  • Patent number: 10399915
    Abstract: There is provided an economically advantageous manufacturing method capable of efficiently obtaining 1-chloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene by using 1,2-dichloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropane as a raw material. A manufacturing method of 1-chloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene is characterized in that it includes subjecting 1,2-dichloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropane to a dehydrochlorination reaction in a liquid phase in a presence of a base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: AGC Inc.
    Inventors: Tomoaki Taniguchi, Shoji Furuta, Hidefumi Shiota
  • Patent number: 10047026
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a method for separating 244bb from 1233xf by using solid adsorbent selected from molecular sieves having an average pore size of 5 ? or greater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC
    Inventors: Haiyou Wang, Daniel C. Merkel, Hsueh Sung Tung, Michael Gatter
  • Patent number: 9862659
    Abstract: A new chromium-containing fluorination catalyst is described. The catalyst comprises an amount of zinc that promotes activity and from 0.1 to 8.0% by weight of the chromium in the catalyst based on the total weight of the chromium is present as chromium (VI). The use of the zinc-promoted, chromium-containing catalyst in a fluorination process in which a hydrocarbon or halogenated hydrocarbon is reacted with hydrogen fluoride in the vapor-phase at elevated temperatures is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: MEXICHEM AMANCO HOLDING S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Andrew P. Sharratt
  • Patent number: 9637429
    Abstract: A process is provided comprising contacting and reacting the compound CF3CF2CHXCl, wherein X is H or Cl, or the compound CF3CF?CXCl, wherein X is H or Cl, with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst consisting essentially of Cu, Ru, Cu—Pd, Ni—Cu, and Ni—Pd, to obtain as a result thereof reaction product comprising hydrofluoropropenes or intermediates convertible to said hydrofluoropropenes, notably CF3CF?CH2 and CF3CH?CHF.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventor: Xuehui Sun
  • Patent number: 9353303
    Abstract: To provide a working medium for heat cycle, of which combustibility is suppressed, which has less influence over the ozone layer, which has less influence over global warming and which provides a heat cycle system excellent in the cycle performance (capacity), and a heat cycle system, of which the safety is secured, and which is excellent in the cycle performance (capacity). A working medium for heat cycle comprising 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene is employed for a heat cycle system (such as a Rankine cycle system, a heat pump cycle system, a refrigerating cycle system or a heat transport system).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventor: Masato Fukushima
  • Patent number: 9309372
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are rubber compositions suitable for use in tire treads comprising (a) at least one conjugated diene polymer or copolymer; (b) at least one filler; (c) a curative package; and (d) at least one of: (i) from 0.2 to 10 phr of at least one halogenated hydrocarbon wax, or (ii) from 0.2 to 10 phr of at least one silicone-containing wax comprising a functionalized polyalkylsiloxane, a functionalized polyalkylsilsesquioxane resin, or combinations thereof. In certain embodiments, the at least one halogenated hydrocarbon wax is a chlorinated hydrocarbon or a fluorinated hydrocarbon wax.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2016
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Xiao-Dong Pan, Yaohong Chen, Mindaugas Rackaitis, James D. Ulmer, Nicole Capitos-Davis
  • Patent number: 8999196
    Abstract: The invention is to provide a new liquid crystal compound having a high clearing point, a good compatibility with other compounds, a small viscosity, and a high stability to heat, light and so forth; compound (1) is provided: R1CF2nR2??(1) wherein, for example, R1 is alkyl having 4 to 10 carbons or —(CH2)2—CH?CH2, R2 is alkyl having 2 to 10 carbons, n is 8, and R1 and R2 are not allowed to be straight-chain alkyl having an identical number of carbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Tanaka, Sayaka Fujimori
  • Patent number: 8957264
    Abstract: A process for producing a fluoroalkyl iodide as a telomer Rf(CF2CF2)nI (wherein Rf is a C1-10 fluoroalkyl group, and n is an integer of from 1 to 6) by telomerization from a fluoroalkyl iodide represented by the formula RfI (wherein Rf is as defined above) as a telogen and tetrafluoroethylene (CF2CF2) as a taxogen, which comprises a liquid phase telomerization step of supplying a homogeneous liquid mixture of the telogen and the taxogen from the lower portion of a tubular reactor, moving the mixture from the lower portion towards the upper portion of the reactor in the presence of a radical initiator over a retention time of at least 5 minutes while the reaction system is kept in a liquid phase state under conditions where no gas-liquid separation will take place, so that the taxogen supplied to the reactor is substantially consumed by the reaction in the reactor, and drawing the reaction product from the upper portion of the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Shoji Furuta, Yusuke Sugahara, Keiko Nakase, Keisuke Mori
  • Publication number: 20140363361
    Abstract: The disclosure provides an LS methane hydrate containing a plurality of methane hydrate crystals and lignosulfonate. The disclosure also provides a method of making an LS methane hydrate by combining methane gas, liquid or solid water, and LS at controlled temperature and starting pressure for a time sufficient to form LS methane hydrate. The disclosure further provides a method of producing energy from an LS methane hydrate by providing an LS methane hydrate directly to a combustion chamber, whereby methane in the methane hydrate and LS are converted to energy in the combustion chamber and water in the methane hydrate is converted to steam. The disclosure additionally provides a method of releasing methane from an LS methane hydrate by heating an LS methane hydrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Applicant: THE TEXAS STATE UNIVERSITY-SAN MARCOS
    Inventors: Weixing Wang, Luyi Sun
  • Publication number: 20140305125
    Abstract: An organic Rankine cycle working fluid comprising at least one compound having formula (I): RNQ, wherein R is fluorinated or non-fluorinated methyl, ethyl, vinyl or ethynyl, N is element nitrogen, the connection of R—N is a ring structure or a straight chain structure, and Q is a hydrogen and/or at least one fluorine atom. A process for converting thermal energy into mechanical energy, a method for power generation, an organic Rankine cycle system, and the use of the working fluid for heat transfer or in a mechanical power generation device are also provided. The organic Rankine cycle working fluid has a high energy conversion efficiency, low flammability, low toxicity and low corrosion on copper.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 21, 2011
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: EMMALJUNGA BARNVAGNSFABRIK AB
    Inventors: Jingtao Wang, Bo Pang, Christian Persson
  • Publication number: 20140303410
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process involving contacting a hydrohalobutane selected from the group consisting of CF2HCHClCH2CCl2H, CF3CHClCH2CCl2H, CF3CHClCH2CCl3, CF3CClHCHFCCl2H and CF3CClHCHFCCl3, with HF in a reaction zone in the presence of an antimony halide catalyst selected from SbCl5 and SbF5 to form a first product mixture containing a hydromonochlorofluorobutane. Also disclosed is a process involving contacting a hydrohalopentane selected from the group consisting of CF2HCHClCH2CX2CX3 and CF3CHClCH2CX2CX3, wherein each X is independently selected from the group consisting of F and Cl, and not all X are fluorines, with HF in a reaction zone in the presence of an antimony halide catalyst selected from SbCl5 and SbF5to form a first product mixture containing a hydromonochlorofluoropentane. A compound of the formula CF3CHClCH2CHF2 is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Inventor: Ekaterina N. Swearingen
  • Publication number: 20140303409
    Abstract: The present invention relates, in part, to the discovery that the presence of HF in a HCFC-244bb feedstream in a reaction for the preparation of HFO-1234yf results in selectivity changeover from HFO-1234yf to HCFO-1233xf. By substantially removing HF, it is shown that the selectivity to HFO-1234yf via dehydrochlorination of HCFC-244bb is improved.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 29, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Haiyou Wang, Hsueh Sung Tung
  • Publication number: 20140264174
    Abstract: Provided are azeotropic or azeotrope-like mixtures of 1,3,3,3-tetrachloroprop-1-ene (HCO-1230zd) and hydrogen fluoride. Such compositions are useful as a feed stock in the production of HFC245fa and HCFO1233zd.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Daniel C. Merkel, Konstantin A. Pokrovski, Haiyou Wang, Hsueh Sung Tung, Ryan Hulse, Hang T. Pham
  • Publication number: 20140243547
    Abstract: The present invention relates to mono- or bi-functional (per)fluoropolyethers comprising a linear (per)fluoropolyether chain having two ends, wherein one or two ends contain —CF(CF3)COF groups, to a process for preparing them and to their use as precursors in the preparation of further functionalised (per)fluoropolyethers. The invention also relates to these further functionalised (per)fluoropolyethers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2012
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: SOLVAY SPECIALTY POLYMERS ITALY S.P.A.
    Inventors: Simonetta Antonella Fontana, Claudio Adolfo Pietro Tonelli, Piero Gavezotti
  • Patent number: 8729321
    Abstract: A process for producing a fluoroalkyl iodide as a telomer Rf(CF2CF2)nI (wherein Rf is a C1-10 fluoroalkyl group, and n is an integer of from 1 to 6) by telomerization from a fluoroalkyl iodide represented by the formula RfI (wherein Rf is as defined above) as a telogen and tetrafluoroethylene (CF2CF2) as a taxogen, which comprises a liquid phase telomerization step of supplying a homogeneous liquid mixture of the telogen and the taxogen from the lower portion of a tubular reactor, moving the mixture from the lower portion towards the upper portion of the reactor in the presence of a radical initiator over a retention time of at least 5 minutes while the reaction system is kept in a liquid phase state is under conditions where no gas-liquid separation will take place, so that the taxogen supplied to the reactor is substantially consumed by the reaction in the reactor, and drawing the reaction product from the upper portion of the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Shoji Furuta, Yu{grave over (s)}uke Sugahara, Keiko Nakase, Keisuke Mori
  • Patent number: 8696926
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for making CF3CH2CHF2, CF3CH?CHF and/or CF3CH?CHCl. The process involves reacting at least one starting material selected from the group consisting of halopropanes of the formula CX3CHClCH2X, halopropenes of the formula CX3CCl?CH2 and halopropenes of the formula CX2?CClCH2X, wherein each X is independently F or Cl, with HF in a reaction zone to produce a product mixture comprising HF, HCl, CF3CH2CHF2, CF3CH?CHF and CF3CH?CHCl; and recovering the CF3CH2CHF2, CF3CH?CHF and/or CF3CH?CHCl from the product mixture. Also disclosed is a process for making CF3CF2CH3 and/or CF3CF?CH2. In each of the processes the molar ratio of HF to total amount of starting material fed to the reaction zone is at least stoichiometric. Also disclosed is an azeotropic composition comprising CF3CCl?CH2, and HF. Also disclosed is an azeotropic composition comprising CF3CF2CH3, and HF.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Velliyur Nott Mallikarjuna Rao, Allen Capron Sievert
  • Publication number: 20140091379
    Abstract: A fluorocarbon coating comprises an amorphous structure with CF2 bonds present in an atomic percentage of at least about 15%, and having a refractive index of less than about 1.4. The fluorocarbon coating can be deposited on a substrate by placing the substrate in a process zone comprising a pair of process electrodes, introducing a deposition gas comprising a fluorocarbon gas into the process zone, and forming a capacitively coupled plasma of the deposition gas by coupling energy to the process electrodes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2013
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Applicant: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Sum-Yee Betty TANG, Martin SEAMONS
  • Patent number: 8614360
    Abstract: The invention relates to new processes for preparation of 18F-fluoroalkyl halides suitable for use in labelling of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) radiotracers. The process of preparation comprises the step of reacting a 18F-fluoroacylhalide with Wilkinson's catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: Hammersmith Imanet Limited
    Inventor: Erik Arstad
  • Publication number: 20130234060
    Abstract: Compositions including a polar heat transfer fluid that was passed through a vessel containing a catalyst are disclosed. Preferred catalysts can comprise copper, polyamide, stainless steel, or a combination thereof. Compositions can also comprise one or more types of long chain fatty acids, preferably from food oils, and preferably fatty acids that have been activated by virtue of having been passed through a vessel comprising a catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2013
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Inventor: Bob Lee Davis
  • Patent number: 8530709
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for the preparation of suitable chlorofluorocarbon and hydrochlorofluorocarbon materials or chlorofluorocarbon and hydrochlorofluorocarbon alkene and alkyne intermediates which serve as useful feedstock for fluorination and reduction to cis-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene. Also presented is a continuous process for the production of cis-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene from the alkene and alkyne intermediates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew Joseph Poss, David Nalewajek, Michael Van Der Puy, Haridasan K. Nair
  • Patent number: 8481774
    Abstract: Provided is a method for producing a tetrafluoro nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound such as tetrafluoropyrrolidine in good yield and at low cost. The method comprises the steps of: (A) reacting a compound represented by the formula (I) with fluorine gas to produce a tetrafluoro compound represented by the formula (II), (B) converting the tetrafluoro derivative represented by the formula (II) to a compound represented by the formula (III), and (C) reacting the compound represented by the formula (III) with an amine compound represented by the formula NH2R9 to produce a tetrafluoro nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound represented by the formula (IV) or salt thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Soda Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yasuhiro Miyashita
  • Publication number: 20130104573
    Abstract: A method is provided for producing cooling in a chiller having an evaporator wherein a refrigerant composition is evaporated to cool a heat transfer medium. The method comprises evaporating a refrigerant composition comprising HFC-245eb and optionally Z—HFO-1336mzz in the evaporator. Additionally, a composition is provided comprising: (1) a refrigerant composition consisting essentially of HFC-245eb and Z—HFO-1336mzz; (2) a lubricant suitable for use in a chiller; wherein the Z—HFO-1336mzz in the refrigerant composition is at least about 41 weight percent. Also, a chiller apparatus is provided comprising an evaporator, a compressor, a condenser and a pressure reduction device, all of which are in fluid communication in the order listed and through which a refrigerant flows from one component to the next in a repeating cycle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: E I Du Pont De Nemours and Company
  • Publication number: 20130104575
    Abstract: A method for producing heating in a high temperature heat pump is provided comprising condensing a vapor working fluid comprising HFC-245eb and optionally Z—HFO-1336mzz, in a condenser, thereby producing a liquid working fluid. Also a method of raising the maximum feasible condenser operating temperature in a high temperature heat pump apparatus is provided. The method comprises charging the high temperature heat pump with a working fluid comprising HFC-245eb and optionally Z—HFO-1336mzz. Also a high temperature heat pump apparatus is provided containing a working fluid comprising HFC-245eb and optionally Z—HFO-1336mzz. Also a composition is provided comprising: (i) a working fluid consisting essentially of HFC-245eb and optionally Z—HFO-1336mzz; and (ii) a stabilizer to prevent degradation at temperatures of 55° C. or above, (iii) a lubricant suitable for use at 55° C. or above, or both (ii) and (iii).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COM
  • Patent number: 8426657
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions and processes of using perfluoropolyether to maintain or improve the oil return, lubrication, cooling capacity, or energy efficiency of a refrigeration, air conditioning or heat transfer system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Thomas J. Leck, Thomas Frank Saturno, Gregory A. Bell
  • Patent number: 8415515
    Abstract: A process for the production of dichlorotrifluoroethane is described. The process comprises reacting perchloroethylene with hydrogen fluoride (HF) at elevated temperature in the vapour phase in at least one reactor in the presence of a fluorination catalyst. The process is operated so that 30 weight % or more of the perchloroethylene reactant that is fed to the at least one reactor remains unreacted having passed through the or each reactor. The dichlorotrifluoroethane may be purified and then used as it is or used to prepare pentafluoroethane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco Holding S.A. de C.V.
    Inventors: Clive R Giddis, Paul H Stewert
  • Patent number: 8398882
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for making CF3CF2CH3, CF3CF?CH2 and/or CF3CCl?CH2. The process involves reacting at least one starting material selected from the group consisting of halopropanes of the formula CX3CHClCH2X, halopropenes of the formula CClX2CCl?CH2 and halopropenes of the formula CX2?CClCH2X, wherein each X is independently F or Cl, with HF in a reaction zone to produce a product mixture comprising HF, HCl, CF3CF2CH3, CF3CF?CH2 and CF3CCl?CH2; and recovering the CF3CF2CH3, CF3CF?CH2 and/or CF3CCl?CH2 from the product mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Velliyur Nott Mallikarjuna Rao, Allen Capron Sievert
  • Publication number: 20130048913
    Abstract: The invention is to provide a new liquid crystal compound having a high clearing point, a good compatibility with other compounds, a small viscosity, and a high stability to heat, light and so forth; compound (1) is provided: R1?CF2?nR2??(1) wherein, for example, R1 is alkyl having 4 to 10 carbons or —(CH2)2—CH?CH2, R2 is alkyl having 2 to 10 carbons, n is 8, and R1 and R2 are not allowed to be straight-chain alkyl having an identical number of carbons.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Applicants: JNC PETROCHEMICAL CORPORATION, JNC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroyuki TANAKA, Sayaka FUJIMORI
  • Patent number: 8361215
    Abstract: Disclosed is an emulsifier comprising, as an active ingredient, a polyfluoroalkylphosphonic acid salt represented by the general formula: CnF2n+1(CH2CF2)a(CF2CF2)b(CH2CH2)cP(O)(OM1)(OM2), wherein M? is a hydrogen atom, an alkali metal, an ammonium base, or an organic amine base, M2 is an alkali metal, an ammonium base, or an organic amine base, n is an integer of 1 to 6, a is an integer of 1 to 4, b is an integer of 1 to 3, and c is an integer of 1 to 3. An aqueous solution or organic solvent solution of the emulsifier can be effectively used to emulsify a perfluoropolyether oil or a perfluorocarbon compound. The resulting emulsion exhibits excellent emulsification stability, and thus can be effectively used as a mold-releasing agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Unimatec Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshiyama Kaneumi, Seiichiro Murata, Katsuyuki Sato
  • Patent number: 8329057
    Abstract: A method for operating a latent heat transport apparatus by providing a working liquid for a latent heat transport apparatus, which includes a compound of the formula C6F13C2H5 at an operation temperature of from ?50 to 200° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventor: Masato Fukushima
  • Patent number: 8299309
    Abstract: Described herein is a process for the manufacture of hydrofluoroalkanols of the structure RfCFClCHROH. Also described herein are methods of manufacturing hydrofluoroalkenes of the structure RfCF?CHR from halofluorocarbons of the structure RfCFX2. In particular, 2,3,3,3,-tetrafluoro-1-propene may be manufactured with this process. Also described are compounds of the formula RfCFClCHROC(?O)R?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Mario Joseph Nappa, Xuehui Sun, Lev Moiseevich Yagupolskii, Andrey Anatolievich Filatov, Vladimir Nikolaevich Boiko, Yurii Lvovich Yagupolskii
  • Patent number: 8273928
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a process for separating a fluoroolefin from a mixture comprising hydrogen fluoride and fluoroolefin, comprising azeotropic distillation both with and without an entrainer. In particular are disclosed processes for separating any of HFC-1225ye, HFC-1234ze, HFC-1234yf or HFC-1243zf from HF.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: E I Du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Jeffrey P. Knapp, Barry Asher Mahler, Donald J. Toton
  • Patent number: 8258354
    Abstract: An improved process for producing perfluoroalkyl iodides of formula (I) F(CF2CF2)n—I??(I) wherein n is an integer from 2 to 3, wherein the improvement comprises contacting at least one perfluoroalkyl iodide of formula (II) and at least one perfluoroalkyl iodide of formula (III) F(CF2CF2)m—I??(II) F(CF2CF2)p—I??(III) wherein m is an integer greater than or equal to 3, and p is an integer equal to or lower than 2, at a) a molar ratio of formula (III) to formula (II) of from about 1:1 to about 6:1, b) a residence time of from about 1 to about 9 seconds, and c) a temperature of from about 450° C. to about 495° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Stephen Ernest Jacobson, Sourav Kumar Sengupta, John Joseph Hagedorn, Liza Lopez
  • Patent number: 8236193
    Abstract: A working medium for heat cycle has less impact on the environment and is excellent in heat cycle characteristics for a Rankine cycle system, a heat pump cycle system, and a refrigerating cycle system. The working medium has the formula CnF2n+1—CmH2m+1, wherein n is an integer of from 2 to 8, an m is an integer of from 0 to 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventor: Masato Fukushima
  • Publication number: 20120165578
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions comprising HFC-245eb and at least one additional compound selected from the group consisting of HFO-1234ze, HFC-245fa, HFC-236cb, HFC-236ea, HFC-236fa, HFC-227ea, HFC-227ca, HFO-1225yc, HFO-1225zc, HFO-1225ye, methane, ethane, propane, HFC-23, HFC-143a, HFC-134, HFC-134a, FC-1216, HFO-1234yf, HFC-254eb, HFO-1243zf, and HFC-254fb. Compositions comprising HFC-245eb are useful in processes to make HFO-1234yf. Also disclosed are compositions comprising HFO-1234yf and at least one additional compound selected from the group consisting of HFO-1234ze, HFC-254eb, HFC-254fb, HFO-1243zf, HFCHFC-245eb, HFC-245fa, HFC-245cb, HFC-236cb, HFC-236ea, HFC-236fa, HFC-227ea, HFC-227ca, HFO-1225yc, HFO-1225zc, HFO-1225ye, methane, ethane, propane, HFC-23, HFC-134, HFC-134a, HFO-1132a and FC-1216. Compositions comprising HFO-1234yf are useful as heat transfer compositions for use in refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat pump systems.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 29, 2012
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Applicant: E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Barry Asher MAHLER, Mario Joseph NAPPA, Jeffrey P. KNAPP
  • Patent number: 8188323
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions and processes of using perfluoropolyether to maintain or improve the oil return, lubrication, cooling capacity or energy efficiency of the refrigeration, air conditioning and heat transfer system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Thomas J. Leck, Thomas Frank Saturno, Gregory A. Bell
  • Publication number: 20120077089
    Abstract: The present invention provides a positive electrode active material for a lithium primary cell. The positive electrode active material can reduce the internal resistance of the positive electrode of a lithium primary cell and can maintain the load characteristics and the discharge voltage not only at high temperatures but also at low temperatures. The positive electrode active material includes a fluoride of a low crystalline carbon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2011
    Publication date: March 29, 2012
    Applicant: DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Hideo SAKATA, Meiten KOH, Hitomi NAKAZAWA, Tomoyo SANAGI
  • Patent number: 8133407
    Abstract: Provided is a composition comprising (a) at least one halogenated compound selected from the group consisting of C3-C5 hydrofluoroolefin, CF3I, and combinations thereof, and (b) an effective stabilizing amount of a sesquiterpene selected from the group consisting of farnesol, farnesene, and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2012
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Gary Zyhowski, Rajiv Ratna Singh, Raymond H. Thomas, Mark W. Spatz, Roy P. Robinson, George J. Samuels, Gregory J. Shafer, Michael Van Der Puy, David P. Wilson, John L. Welch, Ronald P. Vogl, Samuel F. Yana Motta
  • Patent number: 8129574
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process and apparatus for the catalytic hydrogenation of fluoroolefins to fluorocarbons where the reaction is carried out in a multi-tube shell and tube reactor. Reactions involving hydrogenation of fluoro-olefins are typically exothermic. In commercial processes where a fluoro-olefin C(n)H(2n?x)F(x) to C(n)H(2n?x+2)F(x) is hydrogenated (e.g. hexafluoropropylene to 236ea, 1225ye to 245eb, and the like), inadequate management or control of heat removal may induce excess hydrogenation, decomposition and hot spots resulting in reduced yields and potential safety issues. In the hydrogenation of fluoro-olefins, it is therefore necessary to control the reaction temperature as precisely as practical to overcome challenges associated with heat management and safety.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2012
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Haluk Kopkalli, Yuon Chiu, Orlando George Rodrigues, Gus Cerri, Hsueh Sung Tung, Stephen A. Cottrell
  • Publication number: 20120043491
    Abstract: The invention relates to doping capsules which have a substance which displays a decreasing transparency with increasing temperature within a defined temperature range due to physicochemical interactions with the polymer matrix to be doped. Likewise, the invention relates to composite systems which have a polymer matrix doped with the doping capsules. The capsules according to the invention are used for sun protection or heat reflection.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Publication date: February 23, 2012
    Applicant: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Zur Forderung Der Angewandten Forschung E.V.
    Inventors: Arno Seeboth, Olaf Mühling, Ralf Ruhmann
  • Patent number: 8058485
    Abstract: A process for the production of dichlorotrifluoroethane is described. The process comprises reacting perchloroethylene with hydrogen fluoride in the vapor phase at elevated temperature in at least one reactor in the presence of a fluorination catalyst to produce a composition comprising dichlorotrifluoroethane, hydrogen chloride, unreacted perchloroethylene and unreacted hydrogen fluoride. The composition that is produced is subjected to a separation step to recover a first fraction comprising dichlorotrifluoroethane and a second fraction comprising perchloroethylene and hydrogen fluoride. The second fraction is further separated into a hydrogen fluoride-rich fraction and a perchloroethylene-containing, organic-rich fraction which are then recycled. The dichlorotrifluoroethane that is recovered may be used to prepare pentafluoroethane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2011
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco S.A. de C.V.
    Inventors: Clive Robert Giddis, Paul Hendry Stewert
  • Patent number: 8058488
    Abstract: Described herein is a process for the manufacture of hydrofluoroalkanols of the structure RfCFClCHROH, comprising reacting a halofluorocarbon of the structure RfCFX2, wherein each X is independently selected from Cl, Br, and I, with an aldehyde and a reactive metal in a reaction solvent to generate a reaction product comprising a metal hydrofluoroalkoxide, neutralizing said metal hydrofluoroalkoxide to produce a hydrofluoroalkanol, and recovering the hydrofluoroalkanol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2011
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Mario Joseph Nappa, Xuehui Sun, Lev Moiseevich Yagupolskii, Andrey Anatolievich Filatov, Vladimir Nikolaevich Boiko, Yurii Lvovich Yagupolskii
  • Patent number: 8049046
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions and processes of using perfluoropolyether to maintain or improve the oil return, lubrication, cooling capacity, or energy efficiency of a refrigeration, air conditioning or heat transfer system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Thomas J. Leck, Thomas Frank Saturno, Gregory A. Bell
  • Patent number: 8049045
    Abstract: A process for the production of dichlorotrifluoroethane is described. The process comprises reacting perchloroethylene with hydrogen fluoride (HP) at elevated temperature in the vapor phase in at least one reactor in the presence of a fluorination catalyst. The process is operated so that 30 weight % or more of the perchloroethylene reactant that is fed to the at least one reactor remains unreacted having passed through the or each reactor. The dichlorotrifluoroethane may be purified and then used as it is or used to prepare pentafluoroethane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Mexichem Amanco S.A. de C.V.
    Inventors: Clive Robert Giddis, Paul Hendry Stewert
  • Patent number: 8044250
    Abstract: A process for producing hydrofluorocarbon compounds represented by the following formula: CF3CHFCHm+1Fn wherein m is 0 or 2; n is 0 or 2; and m+n=2. The process has the step of contacting, i.e., reacting, hydrogen with a precursor compound represented by the following formula: CF3CF?CHmFn wherein m is 0 or 2; n is 0 or 2; and m+n=2. The contact is carried out in the presence of a solid catalyst and in the presence or absence of an inert gas. The catalyst is selected from the group consisting of: Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Cr, Ru, Rh, Ag, Re, Os, Ir, Pt, Au, Sn, and any combinations thereof. For the hydrogenation of 1234yf to 254eb, Pd can also be used as catalyst in addition to the other above-referenced metals. These metals are preferably supported on a carrier such as activated carbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Shuwu Yang, Hsueh Sung Tung
  • Patent number: 7982074
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing a co-precipitated Cr2O3/Al2O3 catalyst promoted by Zinc, said process comprising co-precipatation of chromium and aluminum metal hydroxides from corresponding trivalent metal salt solutions using NH4OH, NaOH or KOH as a base and followed by calcination to give mixed oxide precatalyst in amorphous from which is impregnated with an activity promoting amount of Zinc compound. The catalyst is used for the preparation of HFC-134a by fluorination of trichloroethylene and fluorination of intermediate of the former reaction (HCFC-133a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Council of Scientific & Industrial Research
    Inventors: Jampani Madhusudana Rao, Shanthan Pamulaparthy Rao, Siva Attaluri Prasad, Banda Narasaiah, Narayan Sripathi Reddy, Radhakrishnan Kuppusamy, Vijayakumar Veeramachaneni, Patil Kamalakar Sukhadeorao, Rambabu Yadla, Koosampally Srinivas, Leelakrishna Kondaveti
  • Patent number: 7982072
    Abstract: Process for the obtention of HFC-227ea having a reduced content of organic impurities, comprising at least subjecting a crude HFC-227ea to two distillation steps at different pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Solvay S.A.
    Inventors: Thomas Müller, Dominique Balthasart, Bernd Kutzner
  • Publication number: 20110150777
    Abstract: A medical magnetic resonance tomography apparatus and a contrast agent for magnetic resonance tomography imaging of cavities in a patient are provided. The contrast agent is formed from a highly viscous magnetic resonance contrast agent. The highly viscous magnetic resonance contrast agent includes a substance. A specific magnetic resonance contrast can be generated by the substance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Publication date: June 23, 2011
    Inventor: Sebastian Schmidt
  • Publication number: 20110124541
    Abstract: There is disclosed a fluorinated nanodiamond having an oxygen-to-fluorine element ratio (O/F) of 0.06 to 0.20, a fluorinated nanodiamond dispersion in which the fluorinated nanodiamond is dispersed in an alcohol-containing dispersion medium, and a production method of the fluorinated nanodiamond dispersion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 3, 2009
    Publication date: May 26, 2011
    Applicant: CENTRAL GLASS COMPANY, LIMITED
    Inventor: Akifumi Yao
  • Patent number: 7880039
    Abstract: Carbonyl fluoride, which can also be used as an etching gas, can be prepared by photochemical oxidation of chlorodifluoromethane or trifluoromethane with light, for example with light of a wavelength ?280 nm in the presence of chlorine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Solvay Fluor GmbH
    Inventors: Max Braun, Johannes Eicher