By Interaction With Nonhydrocarbon Patents (Class 585/703)
  • Patent number: 9302952
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can be an alkylation unit. The alkylation unit can include at least one alkylation reaction zone having an alkylation catalyst, at least one cooler communicating with the at least one alkylation reaction zone, a settler communicating with the at least one alkylation reaction zone and the at least one cooler, a fractionation zone receiving an effluent from the settler passing through a line, and a boot coupled to a substantially horizontal portion of the line. Generally, the boot receives an effluent portion rich in the alkylation catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Mark A. Clark, Jason J. Gislason
  • Patent number: 9302199
    Abstract: We provide processes, and process units for practicing the processes, comprising a. regenerating a used catalyst comprising an ionic liquid catalyst and a chloride, from an alkylation reactor, in a hydrogenation reactor to produce a regenerated catalyst effluent; b. separating at least a portion of the regenerated catalyst effluent into a gas fraction comprising a hydrogen gas and into a light hydrocarbon fraction comprising a hydrogen chloride; c. recycling at least a part of the gas fraction comprising the hydrogen gas to the hydrogenation reactor; and d. recovering at least an amount of the light hydrocarbon fraction comprising the hydrogen chloride and recycling the at least the amount of the light hydrocarbon fraction to the alkylation reactor. The alkylation process units comprise a hydrogenation reactor, a fractionation unit, and connections for transmitting the gas fraction to the hydrogenation reactor and for transmitting the light hydrocarbon fraction to the alkylation reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Hye Kyung Cho Timken, Bong-Kyu Chang
  • Patent number: 9233316
    Abstract: We provide an alkylation process, comprising: separating and recycling a hydrogen gas and a hydrogen chloride from an offgas of a hydrogenation reactor; wherein the hydrogen gas is recycled to the hydrogenation reactor; and wherein the hydrogen chloride is recycled to an alkylation reactor. We also provide an alkylation process unit for performing this process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Hye Kyung Cho Timken, Robert Fletcher Cleverdon, Bong-Kyu Chang, Donald Henry Mohr, Christine Marie Phillips
  • Patent number: 8395009
    Abstract: The invention relates to a catalytic composition and to a process for selective methanization of carbon monoxide in hydrogen- and carbon dioxide-containing streams, wherein the active component used is ruthenium and the support material is a lanthanum-cerium-zirconium oxide, and to the use thereof in fuel cell systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Jochen Steiner, Markus Hoelzle, Heiko Urtel
  • Publication number: 20120267577
    Abstract: A method and system for processing an input fuel gas and steam to produce separate CO2 and output fuel gas streams. The method comprises the steps of using a decarboniser segment for reacting at least a solid sorbent reacts with the fuel gas and steam to remove carbon from the input fuel gas and to produce the output fuel gas stream in an exhaust gas from the decarboniser; using a calciner segment for reacting the solid sorbent from the decarboniser segment therein to release the CO2 into the CO2 gas stream; wherein CO2 partial pressures and temperatures in the decarboniser and calciner segments respectively are controlled such that the temperature in the decarboniser segment is higher than the temperature in the calciner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 25, 2010
    Publication date: October 25, 2012
    Applicant: Calix Limited
    Inventors: Mark Geoffrey Sceats, Julian Westley Dinsdale
  • Publication number: 20120157742
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a process for the conversion of oxygen-containing hydrocarbons into long-chain hydrocarbons suitable for use as a fuel. These hydrocarbons may be derived from biomass, and may optionally be mixed with petroleum-derived hydrocarbons prior to conversion. The process utilizes a catalyst comprising Ni and Mo to convert a mixture comprising oxygenated hydrocarbons into product hydrocarbons containing from ten to thirty carbons. Hydro-conversion can be performed at a significantly lower temperature than is required for when utilizing a hydrotreating catalyst comprising Co and Mo (CoMo), while still effectively removing sulfur compounds (via hydrodesulfurization) to a level of 10 ppm (by weight) or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Publication date: June 21, 2012
    Applicant: CONOCOPHILLIPS COMPANY
    Inventors: Yun Bao, Dhananjay B. Ghonasgi, Joseph E. Bares, Sundararajan Uppili, Jianhua Yao, Xiaochun Xu, Edward L. Sughrue, Lisa L. Myers
  • Patent number: 7935320
    Abstract: A system and/or process for decreasing the level of at least one organic fluoride present in a hydrocarbon phase contained in an alkylation settler by contacting the hydrocarbon phase with an HF containing stream, containing greater than about 80 wt. % and less than about 94 wt. % HF, in the intermediate portion of the settler which contains at least one tray system, with each tray system comprising a perforated tray defining a plurality of perforations and a layer of packing below the perforated tray, are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2011
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Keith W. Hovis, Bruce B. Randolph
  • Patent number: 7919662
    Abstract: Isobutene is prepared by dissociation of MTBE in the gas phase, by a) fractional distillation of an MTBE-containing stream comprising feed MTBE (I) and a recycle stream (VIII) to give an MTBE-containing overhead stream (II) and a bottom stream (III) having a boiling point higher than MTBE, b) catalytic dissociation of the overhead stream (II) obtained in step a) to give a dissociation product (IV), c) separation by distillation of the dissociation product (IV) obtained in step b) into an overhead stream (V) comprising more than 90% by mass of isobutene and a bottom stream (VI) comprising diisobutene, MTBE and more than 50% of the methanol present in the dissociation product (IV), d) fractional distillation of the bottom stream obtained in step c) under conditions under which the methanol is obtained as bottom product (VII) and more than 99% of the MTBE is obtained in the overhead product (VIII), and e) recirculation of the overhead product (VIII) to step a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Assignee: Evonik Oxeno GmbH
    Inventors: Markus Winterberg, Walter Luh, Silvia Santiago Fernandez, Franz Nierlich, Stephan Houbrechts, Dietrich Maschmeyer, Horst-Werner Zanthoff, Wilfried B├╝schken
  • Publication number: 20080132730
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for making butenes using dry 2-butanol obtained from fermentation broth. The butenes so produced may be converted to isoalkanes, alkyl-substituted aromatics, isooctanes, isooctanols, and octyl ethers, which are useful in transportation fuels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2007
    Publication date: June 5, 2008
    Inventors: Leo Ernest Manzer, Michael B. D'Amore, Edward S. Miller, Jeffrey P. Knapp
  • Publication number: 20080058575
    Abstract: Isobutene is prepared by dissociation of MTBE in the gas phase, by a) fractional distillation of an MTBE-containing stream comprising feed MTBE (I) and a recycle stream (VIII) to give an MTBE-containing overhead stream (II) and a bottom stream (III) having a boiling point higher than MTBE, b) catalytic dissociation of the overhead stream (II) obtained in step a) to give a dissociation product (IV), c) separation by distillation of the dissociation product (IV) obtained in step b) into an overhead stream (V) comprising more than 90% by mass of isobutene and a bottom stream (VI) comprising diisobutene, MTBE and more than 50% of the methanol present in the dissociation product (IV), d) fractional distillation of the bottom stream obtained in step c) under conditions under which the methanol is obtained as bottom product (VII) and more than 99% of the MTBE is obtained in the overhead product (VIII), and e) recirculation of the overhead product (VIII) to step a).
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 14, 2007
    Publication date: March 6, 2008
    Applicant: OXENO OLEFINCHEMIE GMBH
    Inventors: Markus Winterberg, Walter Luh, Silvia Santiago Fernandez, Franz Nierlich, Stephan Houbrechts, Dietrich Maschmeyer, Horst-Werner Zanthoff, Wilfried Buschken
  • Patent number: 7087804
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the use of a primarily nitrogen containing blanketing agent from the air separation unit of a Gas To Liquids, Heavy Hydrocarbon Conversion, or Methanol Synthesis Facility on transport vessels. The primarily nitrogen containing blanketing agent is used to reduce corrosion, reduce product biodegradation and oxidation, control invasive species, and prevent fires and explosions by reducing oxygen content. Accordingly, the present invention relates to integrated processes for producing hydrocarbonaceous products and using a primarily nitrogen containing blanketing agent supplied from the process in shipping the products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2006
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Dennis J. O'Rear
  • Publication number: 20020179488
    Abstract: The invention provides a process for the production of a synthetic naphtha fuel suitable for use in compression ignition (CI) engines, the process including at least the steps of hydrotreating at least a fraction of a Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis reaction product of CO and H2, or a derivative thereof, hydrocracking at least a fraction of the FT synthesis product or a derivative thereof, and fractionating the process products to obtain a desired synthetic naphtha fuel characteristic. The invention also provides a synthetic naphtha fuel made by the process as well as a fuel composition and a Cloud Point depressant for a diesel containg fuel composition, said fuel composition and said depressant including the synthetic naphtha of the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2001
    Publication date: December 5, 2002
    Inventor: Luis Pablo Dancuart
  • Patent number: 4937059
    Abstract: A process for absorption and subsequent desorption of carbon dioxide comprises contacting a CO.sub.2 -containing gas with a solid sorbent comprising alkali metal oxide and/or hydroxide (preferably LiOH) and lanthanum oxide. The used solid sorbent can be regenerated by heating, so as to desorb absorbed carbon dioxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 26, 1990
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: John H. Kolts, James B. Kimble, Donald H. Kubicek