Divider, Collector, Valve Means, Or Boundary Layer Device Controlling Exhaust Gas Flow Patents (Class 60/324)
  • Patent number: 9702288
    Abstract: An emissions cleaning module is provided including a first support, a second support and a mixer module. The mixer module extends between the first support and the second support. The mixer module includes an outer body and an inner body located within the outer body. In addition the outer body is fixedly retained to the first support and the second support. Further, a first end of the inner body is slidingly retained within the outer body, and a second end of the inner body is fixedly retained relative to the outer body at or near the second support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: Perkins Engines Company Limited
    Inventor: Naseer A. Niaz
  • Patent number: 9617894
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purification system includes an exhaust purifying element for purifying exhaust gas, and a selective reduction catalyst for promoting reduction of NOx contained in the exhaust gas with a reducing agent. A housing for accommodating the exhaust purifying element includes an outer wall having an accommodating portion. A supply hole is formed on a bottom of the accommodating portion. A pipe that is located inside the housing has a passage through which an interior of the pipe communicates with an exterior of the pipe. The pipe is configured to guide exhaust gas toward the selective reduction catalyst through the passage and the interior of the pipe. The pipe has an end communicating with the supply hole. The injection device of the exhaust gas purification system injects the reducing agent to an interior of the pipe through the supply hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: HINO MOTORS, LTD.
    Inventors: Hirofumi Tongu, Kuniharu Tobe
  • Patent number: 9605580
    Abstract: An exhaust system is provided for an internal combustion engine having at least a first and a second cylinder, wherein the first cylinder is assigned a first exhaust gas pipe and the second cylinder is assigned a second exhaust gas pipe. The first exhaust gas pipe is assigned a first muffler, and the second exhaust gas pipe is assigned a second muffler. A first damping pipe branches off from the first exhaust gas pipe upstream of a first shut-off element. The damping pipe firstly opens into a first reflection chamber and is subsequently led through the first muffler and opens into the second exhaust gas manifold downstream of a second shut-off element. A second damping pipe branches off from the second exhaust gas pipe upstream of a second shut-off element. The second damping pipe firstly opens into a second reflection chamber and is subsequently led through the second muffler and opens into the first exhaust gas pipe downstream of the first shut-off element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2017
    Assignee: Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Rainer Drees, Christian Eichmueller
  • Patent number: 9556773
    Abstract: A mixing and/or evaporating device (12) for an exhaust system (5) of an internal combustion engine (1) encloses in the circumferential direction a cross section, through which flow is possible. The device (12) has two mutually opposite long side walls (21, 22) and two mutually opposite short side walls (23, 24). The short side walls (23, 24) connect each the two long side walls (21, 22) to one another. A plurality of guide blades (25), which project in the direction of the other long side wall (21, 22) and are set at an angle in relation to the axial direction (20), are arranged at at least one axial end (26, 27) at at least one long side wall (21, 22). Additional guide blades (29) are arranged at at least one long side wall (21, 22) at a distance (s) in the axial direction (20) from an axial end (26).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Assignee: Eberspächer Exhaust Technology GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Silvia Calvo
  • Patent number: 9551255
    Abstract: A system for mixing ammonia (reductant) with engine exhaust includes an exhaust flow created by a vehicle engine, an ammonia feed line passing into the exhaust flow, an injector connected to the feed line and positioned within the exhaust flow, the injector having at least one port for discharging ammonia into the exhaust flow, and a mixing plate positioned within the exhaust flow downstream of the ammonia injector and stabilizing at least one of either the feed line and the injector. An aspect of the invention is to stabilize the injector by attaching the mixing plate to the feed line to provide such stability. Alternatively or additionally, the mixing plate is attached to the injector to stabilize. The feed line may even pass through the mixing plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2017
    Assignee: International Engine Intellectual Property Company, LLC
    Inventors: Jeffrey R. Kelso, Jason B. Arriaga, Gregory A. Griffin, Timothy Taekhoon Yoon, Adam C. Lack, Navtej Singh, Ryan Andrew Wacker, Prasanna Nagabushan-Venkatesh, Jorge Prieto
  • Patent number: 9476324
    Abstract: An exhaust collector for a gas turbine engine is disclosed. The exhaust collector includes a front panel, a rear panel, and a side panel. The side panel includes a circumferential portion, a first contoured portion, and a second contoured portion. The circumferential portion extends about the exhaust collector axis with a constant radius. The first contoured portion and the second contoured portion are each between the circumferential portion and the exhaust outlet and include a plurality of curved sections with alternating concavity. Each of the plurality of curved sections extends from the front panel to the rear panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: Solar Turbines Incorporated
    Inventors: Kevin Kiyoto Hirako, Brian Alan Fox, Leslie John Faulder
  • Patent number: 9453448
    Abstract: A mixing system is provided. The mixing system includes a housing defining a boundary of a mixing conduit including an expansion section with an injector mount and a reductant diverter extending into the conduit upstream of the injector mount in the expansion section. The mixing system further includes an atomizer with openings positioned in the housing and a helical mixing element positioned in the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Michael Levin, Furqan Zafar Shaikh
  • Patent number: 9322317
    Abstract: A motorcycle is equipped with a V-type engine in which front and rear cylinders are arranged in a V-shape along a vehicle front and rear direction. An exhaust device includes: a catalyst device disposed on an exhaust downstream side of a collection part of an exhaust pipe of the front cylinder and an exhaust pipe of the rear cylinder; and a connecting pipe via which the exhaust pipe of the front cylinder and the exhaust pipe of the rear cylinder communicate with each other, and the connecting pipe passes through a space between the exhaust pipe of the rear cylinder and the catalyst device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION
    Inventors: Eiji Sasaki, Yoshisato Inayama, Kazuhiro Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 9188039
    Abstract: A device for exhaust-gas treatment near an engine includes an annular structure and a guide structure disposed in an exhaust line. An inner wall forms an inner flow passage and an outer flow passage in the annular structure. The inner wall and the guide structure form a gap in such a way that only a limited secondary flow of the exhaust gas is conducted through the inner flow passage. A motor vehicle having the device is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignees: EMITEC Gesellschaft fuer Emissionstechnologie mbH, J. Eberspaecher GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Thomas Nagel, Carsten Kruse, Joerg-Uwe Mueller, Jan Haenisch, Joerg Oesterle, Sebastian Leicht
  • Patent number: 9174167
    Abstract: A reductant mixing system having injector and mixing plate positioned within mixing canister is disclosed. Injector discharges reductant directly into vehicle exhaust gases. Mixing plate effects turbulence to mix gases for NO reduction. Mixing plate includes plurality of arms each having surface area and extending from center of plate, barrier region defined by collective surface areas of arms and substantially centered for diverting fluid flow outward, and first and second cut-outs, which allow the gases diverted by barrier region to pass mixing plate into adjacent canister of exhaust treatment system. Each of the first cutouts is defined by outer edge between adjacent arms, and second tier of cut-outs defined by inner edge proximate end of each arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: International Engine Intellectual Property Comapny, LLC.
    Inventors: Jeffrey R. Kelso, Jason B. Arriaga, Gregory A. Griffin, Timothy Taekhoon Yoon, Adam C. Lack, Navtej Singh, Ryan Andrew Wacker, Prasanna Nagabushan-Venkatesh
  • Patent number: 9097161
    Abstract: In an exhaust gas pipe, a first fluid flows in a flow direction in the pipe, and a second fluid is injected inside the pipe by a nozzle, from an injection inlet arranged in the pipe wall, according to an injection direction. A mixing device fastened inside the pipe upstream from the injection inlet creates turbulence that helps the mixing of the fluids. The mixing device has a first portion located on the injection inlet side of the pipe and a second portion located opposite the injection inlet side of the pipe, the portions being designed so that the fluid velocity is higher downstream from the mixing device second portion than downstream from the mixing device first portion. An aqueous solution of urea can be injected inside an exhaust pipe of a diesel engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Volvo Trucks AB
    Inventors: Michel Vanvolsem, Julien Ampere
  • Patent number: 9062581
    Abstract: An exhaust-gas muffler includes a casing and a relief valve. The relief valve is provided to open when a pressure of an upstream exhaust-gas chamber is equal to or higher than a predetermined value. The relief valve includes a shutter, a spring, and a seal member. The shutter member is provided to face an open end of a gas passage provided between an upstream exhaust-gas chamber and a downstream exhaust-gas chamber. The spring is to bias the shutter member in a direction in which the gas passage is closed. The seal member is disposed on a downstream side of the gas passage. The seal member is made of a metal mesh material and has a disc shape to cover the open end of the gas passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Masanori Usa, Tsuyoshi Mochizuki, Makoto Nishioka
  • Patent number: 9057312
    Abstract: System and apparatus are disclosed for reducing reductant deposit formation in an exhaust aftertreatment system. A directing device is provided in the exhaust flow path upstream of a reductant opening into the exhaust flow path. The directing device is configured to direct an exhaust flow toward the reductant opening and around the directing device to effectively mix the exhaust flow with a reductant provided through the reductant opening to reduce the formation of reductant deposits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Assignee: CUMMINS EMISSION SOLUTIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Achuth Munnannur, Mihai Chiruta, Matt Young, Deepesh Goyal, Karthik Muruganantham, Atul Abhyankar, Yogesh Birari
  • Patent number: 9051869
    Abstract: An exhaust rain cap assembly for covering the end of an exhaust conduit, the exhaust rain cap assembly including a channel vane member comprising a channel vane for attaching to the lid and stop member. The exhaust rain cap assembly may also include a counterbalance that interacts with a spacer, bushing or other stop member to provide for the lid to stop in a plurality of positions including a closed position, a first open position for when the engine is idling, and a second open position when the engine is in operating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2015
    Assignee: Mercury Products Corp.
    Inventor: Harry Zhang
  • Publication number: 20150135692
    Abstract: A device for guiding a gas stream defines an inlet opening, an outlet opening and at least one angular offset which diverts the gas stream. The shell is assembled from a first shell part and a second shell part, wherein the first shell part defines the inlet opening and the outlet opening and has at least one connecting structure for the gas-tight connection of the device to a further gas-guiding component, and wherein the second shell part is configured to enclose the inlet opening and the outlet opening of the first shell part.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Franz Ramusch, Michael Schleh, Frank Buehler
  • Patent number: 9027335
    Abstract: A catalyst can of exhaust gas can include a catalyst embedded substantially in the center of an inner space of the catalyst can, and an inflow space and a discharge space partitioned in an upper part and a lower part of the catalyst can, respectively. The catalyst can also includes an inflow-side partition vertically cutting and dividing the inflow space into a plurality of partial inflow spaces, and an inlet formed for each partial inflow space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Woo Tae Kim, Chun Woo Lee, In Gee Suh, Joon Won Lim, Il Joong Hwang
  • Patent number: 9027330
    Abstract: A catalytic muffler for an internal combustion engine of a portable working tool, e.g. a chain saw or a trimmer, having a housing designed to be directly attached to an exhaust port of an engine. The housing further includes a front chamber and a rear chamber divided from each other by an intermediate baffle. The housing further having an inner housing having a first open end constituting the exhaust gas inlet located in the rear chamber. The inner housing includes a catalyst body through which essentially all exhaust gas flows when in use. A second open end of the inner housing is arranged in one of said front and rear chambers and the exhaust gas outlet of the muffler is arranged in the other chamber such that treated gas in use flows through at least one aperture in the intermediate baffle from one chamber to the other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Husqvarna Aktiebolag
    Inventor: Fredrik Edholm
  • Patent number: 9021794
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, described herein is an apparatus for decomposing diesel exhaust fluid into ammonia for an internal combustion engine (ICE) system having a selective catalytic reduction system. The apparatus includes an outlet cover, an inlet cover coupled to the outlet cover, and a support plate disposed between the outlet cover and the inlet cover. The support plate forms an outlet channel with the outlet cover and an inlet channel with the inlet cover. The inlet channel is fluidly coupled to the outlet channel. Additionally, the inlet channel may be adjacent to the outlet channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Cummins Intellectual Property, Inc.
    Inventors: James Goss, Duncan Engeham, Ryan M. Johnson
  • Patent number: 9021785
    Abstract: An engine system for a machine is disclosed. The engine system may have an intake manifold configured to direct air into a donor cylinder and a non-donor cylinder of an engine. The engine system may also have a first exhaust manifold configured to direct exhaust from the non-donor cylinder to the atmosphere. The engine system may also have a second exhaust manifold configured to receive exhaust from the donor cylinder. The engine system may further have a control valve configured to selectively direct a first amount of exhaust from the second exhaust manifold to the intake manifold. In addition, the engine system may have an orifice configured to allow a second amount of exhaust to flow from the second exhaust manifold to the first exhaust manifold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Electro-Motive Diesel, Inc.
    Inventors: Keith E. Moravec, Teoman Uzkan
  • Publication number: 20150113967
    Abstract: A diffuser plate for a vehicle exhaust system comprises a body having a primary opening and a plurality of secondary openings circumferentially spaced apart from each other about the primary opening. In one example, the diffuser plate is positioned between an exhaust manifold and a catalytic converter. Exhaust gas from the exhaust manifold flows through the primary and secondary openings in the diffuser plate to provide a thorough mixed flow that is evenly distributed across an inlet to a catalyst substrate, and also enable an oxygen sensor to accurately measure engine cylinder exhaust gas chemistry.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: Faurecia Emissions Control Technologies USA, LLC
    Inventors: Steven R. Baldwin, Syed Saleem Quadri
  • Patent number: 9016046
    Abstract: A method, comprising purging a storage catalytic converter of stored NOx by diverting only a portion of incoming exhaust flow around the catalytic device while increasing injection of reductant to the storage catalytic converter; and responsive to the diverting, adjusting injection of an ammonia-containing fluid into recombined exhaust flow upstream of an SCR catalytic converter. Bypass of the storage catalytic converter reduces available oxygen and air flow through the storage catalytic converter, providing a more advantageous environment for reduction of NOx in the storage catalytic converter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Jan Harmsen, Frank Linzen
  • Patent number: 9016048
    Abstract: An exhaust arrangement for an internal combustion engine. The exhaust arrangement includes a diffuser duct including a wall surface which diverges between an inlet and a first outlet. The arrangement further includes an auxiliary duct extending from a second outlet of the diffuser duct. The second diffuser duct outlet being located on the wall surface between the diffuser duct inlet and the first outlet. The auxiliary duct includes a heat recovery device configured to convert heat energy from exhaust gases passing through the auxiliary duct in use to mechanical or electrical energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventor: Stephen Gallimore
  • Patent number: 9010099
    Abstract: An exhaust pipe for two-stroke, internal-combustion engines in which there are multiple exhaust expansion chambers, each within one another, used in combination, the multiple chambers allow for the combustible fuel/air mixture to be delivered in more optimal reflective pressure waves throughout the RPM range of the engine. By changing the number of the chambers, their size and shape, the design of the exhaust pipe can be tuned for torque and power while requiring a minimum of space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Inventor: Stephen B. Schultz
  • Publication number: 20150101311
    Abstract: An exhaust mixer provided may be used for mixing an additive, such as urea, in exhaust fluid flow. The exhaust mixer may be useful in reducing or preventing build-up of solid additive deposits by increasing efficiency of mixing of the additive. The exhaust mixer may be located at least partially within a mixing conduit and includes plurality of elongate mixing blades held in spaced configuration by a support. Each mixing blade may have a longitudinal axis extending along a longitudinal axis of the mixing conduit, wherein an injector module may be located upstream of the inlet of the mixing conduit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Applicant: PERKINS ENGINES COMPANY LIMITED
    Inventors: Andrew Keen, Naseer A. Niaz, Swapnil Padate, Anthony Rodman, David Phillips
  • Patent number: 9003771
    Abstract: The invention relates to a static mixer for an exhaust gas system of an internal combustion engine-driven vehicle, with a plurality of flow guide elements which influence the flow of an exhaust gas stream and which are inclined at a given angle relative to the mixer plane and are held in the exhaust gas channel by means of at least one retaining strip. According to the invention the at least one retaining strip is made resilient at least in partial regions and/or is elastically supported in the plane of the mixer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Audi AG
    Inventors: Axel Peters, Marko Buder, Stefan Gerdon, Stefan Kohrs, Manfred Doll
  • Patent number: 8997460
    Abstract: A mixing device comprises a circular disc of fin sections positioned so as to create openings in the inner and outer regions of the mixing device that generate oppositely rotating flows of exhaust gas. Each fin section may be identical, and may be created by a stamping process. The smooth surface of each fin section reduces creases, and thus, is less prone to urea buildup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Xiaogang Zhang
  • Publication number: 20150089933
    Abstract: A shroud (102) for an aftertreatment device (100) for treating exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine comprises a stepped conduit (126) configured to be disposed over an upper surface of the aftertreatment device (100) and extending over substantially the entire length of the aftertreatment device (100), wherein the stepped conduit (126) is configured to channel a flow of cleaning air longitudinally along the outer and upper surface of the aftertreatment device (100), wherein an inner surface of the stepped conduit (126) defines at least a first downwardly extending step (134, 136, 138) and a second downwardly extending step (134, 136, 138) that are spaced apart along the length of the aftertreatment device (100), to direct at least a portion of the flow of cleaning air downward.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: XIJUN WANG, MARK L. MATTSON, NITHIN CHOUDARY
  • Publication number: 20150083513
    Abstract: One or more throttle bodies and a surge tank are disposed behind a cylinder head, and an intercooler is disposed by being adjacent to the surge tank at a position behind the cylinder head and the one or more throttle bodies. A supercharger is provided in front of the intercooler.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION
    Inventors: Keisuke ITO, Ken SHIBANO, Yoshisato INAYAMA, Kei HASEGAWA, Yuta ENDO
  • Patent number: 8984864
    Abstract: An exhaust system for treating exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine is disclosed. The system comprises a three-way catalyst (TWC), a fuel reformer catalyst located downstream of the TWC, and a fuel supply means located upstream of the fuel reformer catalyst. The exhaust gas is split into two portions. The first portion of the exhaust gas bypasses the TWC and contacts the fuel reformer catalyst in the presence of fuel added from the fuel supply means, and is then recycled back to the engine intake. The second portion of the exhaust gas is contacted with the TWC and is then utilized to heat the fuel reformer catalyst before being expelled to atmosphere. The exhaust system allows for maximum heat exchange from the exhaust gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Kirsty Ellen Cockle, Paul James Millington, Edward James Richard Moss, John Frederick Pignon
  • Patent number: 8984863
    Abstract: Provided is an ammonia injection device (10) installed at an exhaust gas duct through which an exhaust gas generated in a gas turbine flows, and configured to inject ammonia into the exhaust gas at an upstream side of a denitration catalyst configured to perform denitration processing in a flowing direction of the exhaust gas, the device including a plurality of ammonia injection pipes (11) disposed in parallel each other in a surface which traverses the exhaust gas duct. A plurality of nozzle pipes (12) configured to eject the ammonia from the ammonia injection pipes in an arrangement direction of the plurality of ammonia injection pipes are installed at the ammonia injection pipe in a longitudinal direction of the ammonia injection pipes. Diffuser panels (13) extending toward a downstream side in a flowing direction of the exhaust gas at both sides in a longitudinal direction of the ammonia injection pipes with respect to the nozzle pipes are formed at the nozzle pipes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: IHI Corporation
    Inventors: Akinori Yukimura, Masafumi Kawai, Yoshiyuki Yamane
  • Patent number: 8978359
    Abstract: A turbocharged internal combustion engine disclosed that may comprise an engine block with a first end side opposing a second end side and a two-stage turbocharged system. The two-stage turbocharged system may comprise a low-pressure turbocharger with a first turbine and a first compressor and a high-pressure turbocharger with a second turbine and a second compressor. A turbine connection may fluidly connect the first turbine and the second turbine and a compressor connection fluidly connects the first compressor and the second compressor. The low-pressure turbocharger is mounted at the first end side of the engine block and the high-pressure turbocharger is mounted at a second end side of the engine block.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Caterpillar Motoren GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Udo Schlemmer-Kelling
  • Patent number: 8978365
    Abstract: In the exhaust gas purification system, a diesel particulate defuser (“DPD”) for trapping particulate matter (“PM”) in exhaust gas is connected to an exhaust pipe of an engine to automatically regenerate the DPD by raising a temperature of the exhaust gas from the engine by carrying out post injection when an amount of PM in the DPD exceeds a predetermined amount. Further, the system includes detecting the temperature of the exhaust gas during DPD regeneration when the DPD is automatically regenerated, calculating a deviation between the detected temperature of the exhaust gas and a target temperature for the DPD regeneration, and controlling a quantity of the post injection by resetting an integral control term used in a PID control to zero when running mode automatic regeneration is shifted to idling mode automatic regeneration after a vehicle is stopped, when PID-controlling the quantity of the post injection based on the deviation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Isuzu Motors Limited
    Inventors: Takashi Ikeda, Tetsuya Murata, Kenzou Yaginuma
  • Patent number: 8978369
    Abstract: An aftertreatment module for the treatment of exhaust gasses from a power system includes a first aftertreatment brick and a second aftertreatment brick. The first and second aftertreatment bricks can be flow-through type catalysts for catalyzing byproducts in the exhaust gasses. The aftertreatment module can include a first channel directing the incoming exhaust gasses in a first direction through the first aftertreatment brick and a second channel directing the exhaust gasses through the second aftertreatment brick. The first and second channel can be in a side-by-side arrangement. To communicate the exhaust gasses between the first and second channels, a traverse channel can redirect the gas flow within the aftertreatment module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Jacob K. Ludeman, Brian J. DeCaires
  • Patent number: 8978360
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon and NOx trap and related apparatus and methods for reducing cold-start NOx emissions from an engine are provided. In one embodiment a trap includes a first, topmost layer, exposed to an exhaust gas flow path of exhaust gases from an engine, the first layer comprising a zeolite, a second layer, substantially covered by the topmost layer, the second layer comprising a NOx adsorbing material and a monolithic substrate, directly supporting the second layer and indirectly supporting the first layer, the substrate providing a substantially rigid structure of the trap. In this way, engine emissions, such as NOx and hydrocarbons may be adsorbed over the exhaust trap at low temperature and then thermally released, limiting cold start emissions beyond engines that only include a lean NOx trap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Giovanni Cavataio, Jason Aaron Lupescu, Shane Elwart, James Michael Kerns, Michael James Uhrich
  • Patent number: 8973354
    Abstract: An exhaust system for a variable cylinder engine for assuring purification of exhaust gas without increasing the number of catalysts and an intake system for purifying blow-by gas. The exhaust system includes an activation side exhaust pipe connected to an activation cylinder group that operates normally. A deactivation side exhaust pipe is connected to a deactivation cylinder group wherein fuel supply is stopped under a particular condition. A gathering section is connected to downstream ends of the activation side exhaust pipe and the deactivation side exhaust pipe with a sub-catalyst disposed in the activation side exhaust pipe and a main catalyst disposed at the gathering section. The main catalyst is formed wherein gas passing therethrough is partitioned into flows independent of each other in a flow path direction. The activation side exhaust pipe and the deactivation side exhaust pipe are connected in a mutually independent state to the main catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hayato Maehara, Shigehiro Yamaguchi, Norihiko Gogami
  • Patent number: 8966887
    Abstract: A mixer for an exhaust aftertreatment system is disclosed. The mixer includes a body portion that is configured to be disposed in an exhaust conduit of an exhaust aftertreatment system upstream of an exhaust aftertreatment device. The mixer also includes an airfoil portion that is disposed on the body portion and reversibly movable between a deployed position and a retracted position, wherein in the deployed position the airfoil portion provides a deployed resistance to an exhaust gas flow and in the retracted position provides a retracted resistance thereto, and the deployed resistance is greater than the retracted resistance, the body portion and airfoil portion comprising a mixer. The mixer further includes a bimetallic couple that is operatively joined to the mixer and configured to reversibly move the airfoil portion from the retracted position to the deployed position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Yong Miao, Paolo Di Martino
  • Patent number: 8966886
    Abstract: An exhaust apparatus for an internal combustion engine wherein an on-off gate valve and a driving source therefor are not required for each bypass pipe. The exhaust apparatus includes a plurality of exhaust pipes extending independently from each other individually from a plurality of exhaust ports. Bypass paths communicate the exhaust pipes with each other in a region wherein the exhaust pipes are independent of each other. The bypass paths are opened or closed to control an exhaust characteristic. A plurality of bypass paths are provided and a bypass joining section at which the bypass paths are joined so as to be positioned in parallel to and in the neighborhood with each other is provided. At the bypass joining section, a single on-off valve that opens and closes the bypass paths simultaneously, and a single actuator for driving the on-off valve to open and close are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kenichiro Nakamura
  • Patent number: 8966884
    Abstract: An exhaust gas treatment device includes an exhaust gas treatment component for conducting a flow in a flow direction from an inflow side to an outflow side. A metering device for metering reducing agent into the exhaust gas treatment device is disposed downstream of the outflow side in the flow direction. The metering device has a metering direction which runs at least partially counter to the flow direction. The outflow side of the exhaust-gas treatment component is spanned at least partially by a porous layer and there is a spacing between the metering device and the exhaust-gas treatment component selected in such a way that injected reducing agent reaches the porous layer. A motor vehicle having the device is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignees: EMITEC Gesellschaft fuer Emissionstechnologie mbH, Volkswagen AG
    Inventors: Carsten Kruse, Thomas Nagel, Joerg Sprute
  • Patent number: 8959901
    Abstract: A metal-gas battery that utilizes an exhaust gas stream from a combustion engine as reactive gases is provided. Almost constant concentration of exhaust gases are supplied to the metal-gas battery via an existing engine systematic combustion system. The systematic combustion system keeps a definite air fuel mixture (A/F) that acts to enhance the fuel efficiency of the vehicle, and the metal-gas battery leverages the existing vehicle air management system. Exhaust heat of the exhaust gases is sometimes utilized for the heat control of the vehicle, and then the cooled exhaust gases are introduced into the metal-air battery to be consumed during a cathode reduction reaction to create and store electrical energy. The metal-gas battery supports the cleaning of exhausted gases using existing emission catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.
    Inventors: Fuminori Mizuno, Paul T. Fanson
  • Patent number: 8955771
    Abstract: A device for injecting a liquid, particularly an aqueous urea solution, into an exhaust gas flow has at least one atomizing nozzle which is designed as a two-component nozzle and by means of which the liquid is injected into the exhaust gas flow by means of pressurized air such that the liquid can be mixed with the pressurized air first directly upon exiting, or after exiting, the respective atomizing nozzle outside of the atomizing nozzle. The atomizing nozzle, or each atomizing nozzle, has a nozzle base body, a nozzle air cap and a nozzle insert which are formed as turning parts. The respective atomizing nozzle can be connected to a nozzle lance via the nozzle base body, and the nozzle air cap and the nozzle insert are received and held in the nozzle base body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: MAN Diesel & Turbo SE
    Inventors: Plamen Toshev, Stephan Schlüter
  • Patent number: 8955314
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes systems and methods to increase the speed of engine warm up by heating oil with a thermoelectric device and also to generate electricity using the same thermoelectric device, exploiting a temperature gradient between engine oil and exhaust gases. The disclosure describes a vehicle engine, comprising: an engine oil reservoir; an exhaust gas system; and a thermoelectric device having a hot side and a cold side and connected to a battery, wherein, the thermoelectric device is configured such that the hot side is thermally coupled to the exhaust gas system and the cold side is thermally coupled to the engine oil reservoir. A diverter valve and duct are provided in the exhaust gas system to selectively convey exhaust gases to the thermoelectric device located in or adjacent to the engine oil reservoir.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Ian Graham Pegg, Robert Helle-Lorentzen
  • Patent number: 8955312
    Abstract: A mixing device of an exhaust aftertreatment device includes: an elbow pipe attached to an outlet pipe of a filter device; a straight pipe connected to a downstream side of the elbow pipe to extend in a direction intersecting an axial line of the outlet pipe; and an injector attached to the elbow pipe, the injector injecting a reductant aqueous solution into inside the elbow pipe toward the straight pipe. The elbow pipe includes: an inlet connected with the outlet pipe; an outlet connected with the straight pipe; a direction-changing section provided between the inlet and the outlet; and an injector attachment provided outside the direction-changing section and attached with the injector. The injector attachment is offset toward the outlet. The direction-changing section includes a first bulging portion provided by bulging outward a portion thereof opposite to the injector attachment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Komatsu Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuya Watahiki, Hidehiko Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Chino
  • Publication number: 20150040547
    Abstract: A mixer for an exhaust aftertreatment system may include a housing and first and second groups of deflectors. The first group of deflectors may be disposed within the housing and may be arranged relative to each other to direct fluid flowing through the first group of deflectors into a first pair of vortices that rotate in opposite directions relative to each other. The second group of deflectors may be disposed within the housing and may be arranged relative to each other to direct fluid flowing through the second group of deflectors into a second pair of vortices that rotate in opposite directions relative to each other. The first and second groups of deflectors may be rotationally symmetric with each other about a longitudinal axis of the housing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: Tenneco Automotive Operating Company Inc.
    Inventors: Alan Brockman, Michael Golin
  • Publication number: 20150040537
    Abstract: An aftertreatment system may include an exhaust pipe and a mixing pipe. The exhaust pipe may receive exhaust gas from an engine and may include a first portion defining a first longitudinal axis and a second portion defining a second longitudinal axis that is angled relative to the first axis. The mixing pipe may be disposed in the exhaust pipe and may include a tubular portion and a collar extending radially outward from the tubular portion. The tubular portion may include a plurality of openings and a plurality of deflectors. The plurality of openings may extend through inner and outer diametrical surfaces of the tubular portion. Each of the plurality of deflectors may be disposed adjacent a corresponding one of the plurality of openings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: Tenneco Automotive Operating Company Inc.
    Inventors: Joshua Hicks, Ryan A. Floyd, Manoj K. Sampath
  • Patent number: 8950179
    Abstract: An engine exhaust aftertreatment component includes a housing defining an exhaust flow path from an exhaust inlet to an exhaust outlet. The housing supports an internal support channel. An aftertreatment brick module includes a catalytic brick, a can configured to receive the catalytic brick, and an end plate disposed along an end of the can. The end plate includes a coupling mechanism configured to be received within the internal support channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Pradyumna Venkata Rao, Saad Hasan, Ian Aguirre, Varun Malik
  • Patent number: 8950178
    Abstract: An exhaust device for a multi-cylinder engine for connecting both exhaust passage members with a communicating hole formed in each one when the two exhaust passage members are to be spaced apart. A base plate has a through hole communicating with the communicating hole and a cover plate for covering the outside of the base plate. The outer circumferential area of the through hole of the base plate overlaps the outer surface of the exhaust pipe with the entire outer circumferential area of the through hole is welded to the exhaust pipe. The edge portions on both sides of the cover plate are welded to the base plate so as to surround the outer side of the through hole. The area extending between edge portions on both sides of the cover plate is welded to the front and rear edge portions of the base plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sosuke Miki, Takuya Otsuka
  • Patent number: 8950175
    Abstract: An exhaust-gas aftertreatment device for an internal combustion engine includes a catalytic converter having a tubular member which defines a volume housing a catalytic converter substrate. The volume housing the catalytic converter substrate communicates with an inlet portion for receiving exhaust gas from the engine and with an outlet portion for discharging the exhaust gas after catalytic conversion thereof in the volume. The device further has a pipe member within the tubular member which connects the inlet portion with the volume in the tubular member and guides the exhaust gas from the inlet portion in a first direction of flow. The pipe member opens downstream into a deflector which deflects the exhaust gas into the volume of the tubular member in a second direction of flow other than the first direction of flow. Unburned liquid fuel contained in the exhaust gas is deposited on the deflector for later evaporation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Volvo Car Corporation
    Inventors: Mats Laurell, Jan Dahlgren, Staffan Ovesson
  • Publication number: 20150033734
    Abstract: A coupling for routing and distributing exhaust gas flow from an internal combustion engine is disclosed. The coupling includes an upstream duct having a first end and a second end, and a gas flow distribution device arranged between the first and second ends of the upstream duct. The coupling also includes a downstream duct having a first end and a second end, and a flexible portion arranged between the first and second ends of the downstream duct. The upstream duct is fixed to the downstream duct to generate a continuous, sealed passage for the gas flow between the first end of the upstream duct and the second end of the downstream duct. A vehicle is also disclosed having an engine employing an exhaust after-treatment device and the coupling for routing and distributing the gas flow from the engine to the after-treatment device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventor: Gary J. Hazelton
  • Patent number: 8943815
    Abstract: A heat exchanger is provided for an exhaust system of an internal combustion engine. The exchanger has a thermoelectric generator which comprises a hot side and a cold side with a heating pipe arranged on one hot side of the thermoelectric generator, and with a cooling pipe arranged on one cold side of the thermoelectric generator. The thermoelectric generator the heating pipe, and the cooling pipe are stacked in a stack direction on top of one another and form a pipe stack, in which the respective thermoelectric generator, heating pipe and cold pipe extend parallel to one another in a longitudinal direction of the pipe stack. An increased energetic efficiency is obtained. A heat transfer structure has a heat transfer capability favoring a heat transfer between the respective pipe and the respective media conducted therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Eberspacher Exhaust Technology GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Andreas Resch
  • Patent number: 8938950
    Abstract: A turbocharger mixing manifold for an exhaust aftertreatment system for a two-stroke locomotive diesel engine providing for a transition of a non-uniform exhaust gas flow field exiting a turbocharger into a regulated, uniform exhaust gas stream with minimal aerodynamic losses and an even distribution (mixing) of hydrocarbons in liquid, gas or burning states in order to ensure optimal performance of the attached exhaust aftertreatment system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Electro-Motive Diesel, Inc.
    Inventors: Gary R. Svihla, Deep Bandyopadhyay