Utilizing Natural Energy Or Having A Geographic Feature Patents (Class 60/398)
  • Patent number: 10422312
    Abstract: An energy storage and generation system uses a combination of compressed air energy storage systems and fluid energy systems, to store energy producing capability at a time when electricity requirements are low, to release that stored energy producing capability at a time when electricity requirements are high.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Inventor: Olalekan A. Alao
  • Patent number: 10400743
    Abstract: A wind turbine blade having a geometry that decreases the distance downstream at which freestream momentum is recovered is disclosed. The blade design increases the loading on the inboard portion of the blade and unloads the tip portion relative to a conventional blade designed to maximize power coefficient. A wind farm having a reduced inter-turbine distance and including one or more wind turbines having the new blade designs is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: National Technology & Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC
    Inventors: Christopher Lee Kelley, David Charles Maniaci, Brian R. Resor
  • Patent number: 10371280
    Abstract: The following invention relates to an actuator for controlling a valve (100) in a subsea installation, the valve having a spring (108) to return the valve to a failsafe condition upon loss of pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: FMC Kongsberg Subsea AS
    Inventor: Heyn Halfdan Magnus
  • Patent number: 10344741
    Abstract: A hydro-pneumatic energy storage system for deep sea water (DSW) is described. The system includes a floating support structure including a floating support platform, and a floating air chamber mounted on the floating support platform. The floating air chamber is configured for holding compressed air. The system also includes a sea-bottom mounted structure including a sea-bottom accumulator chamber configured for holding the compressed air and the DSW to store the DSW under pressure of the compressed air, and an air umbilical pneumatically interconnecting the floating air chamber with the sea-bottom accumulator chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Inventors: Tonio Sant, Daniel Buhagiar
  • Patent number: 10288221
    Abstract: Embodiments of the inventive concept include a manufactured pressure vessel including pressure cells having an impermeable layer containing porous material in which air can permeate, and a big mass layer disposed atop the pressure vessel to pressurize the air within the pressure vessel. The impermeable layer can include rubber from recycled vehicle tires. The big mass layer can have a total weight of between one (1) million and one (1) billion tonnes, or more. The big mass layer can include a remediated upper surface. The pressure vessel can include an interface section through which the air can enter and exit the pressure vessel. Pressure lines can be coupled to the interface section. A turbine center can be coupled to the pressure lines to generate electricity in response to pressurized air received through the pressure lines, or to pump air through the pressure lines into the pressure vessel to pressurize the pressure vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Inventors: Raymond Allen Donelick, Margaret Burke Donelick, Greg Bonarr Arehart
  • Patent number: 10233925
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a hydraulic style motor having a first power input housing containing a first plurality of rotary or centrifugally driven pumps and associated valves, such that the pumps are driven in a determined stacked fashion by a powered input (or drive) shaft. A second power output housing contains at least one second rotary driven pump and associated valve, the second pumps rotatably engaging a second output (driven) shaft. A pressure resistant fluid line interconnects a manifold associated with the first housing with another manifold associated with the second housing so that the pressurized fluid generated by rotation of the input pumps in the input housing is communicated to the output housing to drive the output pumps to rotate the output (driven) shaft. A return line communicates with the output housing manifold, via each of the individual pump and valve subassemblies, for redirecting flow back to an input feed to the input housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Inventor: James D. Sutton
  • Patent number: 10205323
    Abstract: A hydroelectricity and compressed-air power converter system includes a first fill pool, a plurality of internal fill tanks, an external fill tank, a wave channel, a plurality of air-generator systems, a second fill pool, at least one air storage tank, and at least one generator system. The first fill pool is intermittently in fluid communication with the external fill tank through the plurality of internal fill tanks while the external fill tank is intermittently in fluid communication with the second fill pool through the wave channel. The second fill pool is selectively in fluid communication with the first fill pool through the at least one generator system so that a set amount of water can be circulated within the power converter system as it generates compressed-air from the plurality of air-generator systems and hydroelectricity from the at least one generator system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Inventor: James Arthur Lowell
  • Patent number: 10125035
    Abstract: Energy may be stored by injecting fluid into a fracture in the earth and producing the fluid back while recovering power and/or desalinating water. The method may be particularly adapted to storage of large amounts of energy such as in grid-scale electric energy systems. The fracture may be formed and treated with resin so as to limit fluid loss and to increase propagation pressure. The fluid may be water containing a dissolved salt or fresh water and a portion or all of the water may be desalinated using pressure in the water when it is produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Quidnet Energy Inc.
    Inventors: Howard K. Schmidt, Aaron H. Mandell
  • Patent number: 10094689
    Abstract: A fluid flow metering device and a method thereof are provided. The fluid flow metering device includes a fluid flow detector, a memory, a micro controller and a power generator. The fluid flow detector is disposed in a supply tube of a fluid flow provider. When the fluid flows in the supply tube, the power generator generates a supplying power through flow of the fluid, and provides the supplying power to the fluid flow detector, the memory and the micro controller. When the fluid flow detector detects the flow of the fluid, the fluid flow detector detects the flow of the fluid outputted from the supply tube to derive a detecting value. The micro controller receives the detecting value and writes the detecting value into the memory, or the micro controller converts the detecting value into a flow value and writes the flow value into the memory.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: Nuvoton Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Hsi-Jung Tsai, Jing-Shiang Tseng, Cheng-Chih Wang, Chia-Ching Lu
  • Patent number: 9926905
    Abstract: A system that converts acceleration to rotational energy by using gravity to lower a ballast member and buoyancy to raise it when the ballast member is filled with compressed air. The ballast's initial ascent is controlled by a brake member. This ascent causes a rack assembly to rise that actuates a compressor to refill the intermediary tank with compressed air so the cycle can repeat itself. The initial phase begins with the ballast member containing compressed air so it can ascend up a liquid-filled silo, generating rotational energy along the way using a mounted cable that travels around a wire drum. Upon reaching the top of the silo, valves will open allowing water to enter the ballast thereby sinking it to the bottom, creating additional rotational energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Inventor: Jorge Pablo Fernandez
  • Patent number: 9926914
    Abstract: Extracting energy from wind. At least some of the illustrative embodiments are methods including: directing fluid flow across an aperture of a nozzle in operational relationship with an resonant cavity, a central axis of the nozzle and the central axis of the resonant cavity nonconcentric, and the resonant cavity has a resonant frequency; creating pressure waves within the resonant cavity, the pressure waves created at least in part by vortices within the fluid flow across the aperture; and extracting energy from pressure waves within the resonant cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: Windpipe Corporation
    Inventor: John R. Tuttle
  • Patent number: 9897075
    Abstract: A wind farm comprising a number of wind turbines arranged on a ground comprising a first ground portion having a first ground surface and an outer periphery and a second ground portion having a second ground surface and surrounding the first ground portion. The first ground portion is covered with a reflective artificial covering to provide a reflecting surface having an albedo higher than the albedo of the second ground portion and thereby generating a lower temperature and a higher pressure in the first ground portion than in the second ground portion and a wind having a speed in a direction from the first ground portion towards the second ground portion. Some of the wind turbines are arranged in the second ground portion in such a distance from the periphery of the first ground portion that they are subjected to the wind coming from the first ground portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Inventor: Peter Grabau
  • Patent number: 9869299
    Abstract: A wind energy system with a wind turbine having a cowling surrounded by a diffuser, a plurality of inner rotor blades located inside of the cowling that rotate about an inner rotor hub, a plurality of outer rotor blades positioned between the diffuser and the cowling that rotate in an opposite direction to that of the plurality of inner rotor blades, a drive mechanism located within the inner rotor hub, a dynamic telescopic tower with a height that adjusts automatically by motors controlled by a controller based on input from sensors located in the dynamic telescopic tower and on the wind turbine, and a tower support that connects the wind turbine to the dynamic telescopic tower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Inventors: Timothy Blake, George Harold Ryton, Hassan Mansir, Nicholas James Hemingway
  • Patent number: 9835138
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide methods and apparatus for increasing turbulent mixing in the wake of at least one wind turbine. Doing so, increases efficiency of a wind turbine located in the wake by transferring energy to the wake that was lost when the wind passed through the upwind turbine. Turbulent mixing may be increased by changing the induction factor for a rotor by, for example, altering the pitch of the blades, the RPMs of the rotor, or the yaw of the nacelle. These techniques may be static or dynamically changing. Further, the different induction factors for a plurality of wind turbines may be synchronized according to a predetermined pattern to further increase turbulent mixing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Inventor: Carsten Hein Westergaard
  • Patent number: 9804102
    Abstract: A device (1) for registering data and features of ducts includes at least one camera (3, 5), at least one distance measurement apparatus and at least one apparatus for measuring properties of the medium contained in the duct. Furthermore, provision can be made for an illumination apparatus (4), a tracking sensor (10), which emits data in relation to the current position of the device (1), and an inclination measurement device (inclinometer and gyroscopic compass 9). The device can have a passive or active drive for moving the device (1) along the duct. The device (1) can register a length recording of the duct with the aid of photo geometry or with sound, radar, acceleration sensors and/or mechanical distance measurements. Thus, after a duct has been inspected, each point can be assigned precisely in terms of length.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Inventor: Marko Taferner
  • Patent number: 9732671
    Abstract: A method and system are disclosed for safe, efficient, economically productive, environmentally responsible, extraction and utilization of dissolved gases in deep waters of a rare type of “exploding” lake, where methane (CH4) is accompanied by abundant CO2. CH4 is combusted to generate electricity. CO2 usually is considered a contaminant requiring removal to avoid power loss. Cleaning high CO2 levels from CH4, however, is costly and causes CH4 loss. Venting CO2 is environmentally undesirable. Or, if CO2 is disposed in water flow returned to the deep lake, danger persists. CO2 and CH4 are degassed efficiently together and input into oxy-fuel combustion. Three process outputs are: degassed nutrients-rich water flow, power and CO2+H2O exhaust, all usable for industrially productive purposes. Extracting and using both gases together in an integrated method advances safety, economic productivity and environmental stewardship. Previously, it has not been possible to accomplish these ends together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Inventor: Charles Little Harper, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9657553
    Abstract: A subsea system is for uptake and supply of a liquid. The system comprises a storage tank having at least one outlet, a valve assembly, a pump having a high-pressure side and a low-pressure side, and a feed line. The outlet is in fluid communication with a lower internal volume of the tank, and the valve assembly. The low-pressure side of the pump and the feed line are in fluid communication with the outlet, and the valve assembly is arranged on the feed line, and the feed line is bypassing the pump, such that said pump may withdraw liquid from the tank when the valve assembly on the feed line is closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: OBS Technology AS
    Inventor: Nils Terje Ottestad
  • Patent number: 9631455
    Abstract: A subsea drilling, production or processing actuation system comprising a variable speed electric motor (10) adapted to be supplied with a current, a reversible hydraulic pump (8, 28) driven by the motor, a hydraulic piston assembly (92, 101, 111, 121, 131) connected to the pump and comprising a first chamber (2), a second chamber (3) and a piston (4) separating the first and second chambers and configured to actuate a valve (91) in a subsea system, a fluid reservoir (14) connected to the pump and the hydraulic piston assembly, the pump, hydraulic piston assembly and reservoir connected in a substantially closed hydraulic system, and a pressure compensator (13, 65) configured to normalize pressure differences between outside the hydraulic system and inside the hydraulic system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: Moog Inc.
    Inventors: David Geiger, Raymond S. Scheffler
  • Patent number: 9617982
    Abstract: The solar chimney of the present invention comprises an elongated chamber having an inlet end and an outlet end, the chamber defining a path for fluid, such as air, from the inlet to the outlet. Air updrafts in the chamber drive an internal turbine which is connected to an electric generator, or to some other machine. The chamber has the general configuration of an hourglass; the diameter of the chamber becomes progressively smaller with distance from the inlet end, until the diameter reaches a minimum value, then becomes progressively larger, as one proceeds towards the outlet end. Disposed within the chamber are one or more heat exchangers for heating air in the chamber by solar and/or wind energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Inventor: Pitaya Yangpichit
  • Patent number: 9617975
    Abstract: A method for operating a wind farm is provided. The method includes determining a wind condition, determining a wake-effect between at least two wind turbines forming at least a sub-set of the wind farm, each of the at least two wind turbines having a yaw system, and determining a desired yaw angle setpoint for each of the at least two wind turbines so that a total power production of at least the sub-set is expected to be increased compared to independently operating the yaw systems of each of the at least two wind turbines. Furthermore, a wind farm is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Inventor: Sid Ahmed Attia
  • Patent number: 9574577
    Abstract: An apparatus has a tank with an open top, a tank wall, and a closed bottom. A first ringwall extends from the bottom such that a first annular space is defined by the first ringwall and the tank wall, and a second annular space is defined by the first ringwall. A second ringwall extends in the second annular space and defines a third annular space between the first ringwall and the second ringwall and further defines a cylindrical space. A conduit extends into the cylindrical space. A pod disposed into the cylindrical space has a closed chamber and a displacement chamber. An inner riser disposed in the third annular space has an open bottom, and an outer riser is disposed in the first annular space and has a closed top, a wall, and an open bottom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Inventor: Wayne S. Travis
  • Patent number: 9556848
    Abstract: This invention provides a tidal current generating device and an installation frame thereof. The tidal generating device includes an installation frame, at least three hydro turbines, and at least one power generation module. The installation frame of the tidal current generating device includes an outer frame and at least two buoy units. The at least two buoy units are disposed on two sides of the outer frame. When the installation frame of the tidal current generating device is used, the at least two buoy units are vertical to a horizontal plane and parallel to a direction of water flow. The at least three hydro turbines are disposed in parallel within the outer frame. The at least one power generation module is connected with the three hydro turbines. When water flows to the hydro turbines, the hydro turbines rotate to drive the power generation module to generate power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Inventors: Dong Lin, Changzheng Huang, Zhenghan Chen
  • Patent number: 9520608
    Abstract: A system for converting a waste stream to energy including a water purification device that outputs purified water and a waste stream that includes an electrolyte, a wind and electrolytic energy generation device that receives the waste stream from the water purification device and outputs energy based on the electrolyte present in the waste stream and a power distribution system which receives and stores the energy from the wind and electrolytic energy generation device. The water purification device is further connected to the power distribution system and receives energy enabling further operation of the water purification device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: Concurrent Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Mark Becker, Michael Pollock, Michel J. McCluskey, Daniel R. Markiewicz
  • Patent number: 9518556
    Abstract: Provided herein is an oscillating water column type wave energy converting apparatus that is suspended underwater by a mooring device and system thereof, the apparatus and system comprising an damping plate connected to the mooring device; a post with a hollow of which both ends are open, the post extending vertically upwards from the mooring device; a turbine disposed inside the hollow of the post; and a housing of which its lower end is open and which is disposed at an upper portion of the post, wherein the turbine is rotated by air that flows according to changes in water level inside the hollow of the post.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: Seung Kwan Song
    Inventor: Seung Kwan Song
  • Patent number: 9377247
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods of integrating one or more thermal processes with one another, wherein the thermal processes to be integrated have different supply and demand criteria for thermal energy. The method involves the use of one or more thermal stores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Assignee: Highview Enterprises Limited
    Inventors: Robert Morgan, Stephen Gareth Brett
  • Patent number: 9328720
    Abstract: A fluid-working machine for a renewable energy generation device, the fluid-working machine comprising a ring cam and a plurality of working chambers, the ring cam having an annular working surface extending around an axis of rotation of the ring cam, the annular working surface defining a plurality of waves, each working chamber having a piston, each piston in operative engagement with the ring cam working surface, the ring cam and working chambers being mounted to rotate relative to each other, cycles of working chamber volume being thereby coupled to rotation of the ring cam relative to the working chambers, characterized in that the individual waves of the ring cam working surface have an asymmetric profile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Inventors: Niall James Caldwell, Daniil Sergeevich Dumnov, William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Alasdair Ian Fletcher Robertson, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Robert George Fox
  • Patent number: 9328624
    Abstract: A hydrocratic generator comprises a generally horizontal solid pipe and an inner tube, and an annular space formed between the solid pipe and the inner tube. The solid pipe receives a first aqueous solution and the inner tube receives a second aqueous solution. The inner tube is comprised of a membrane wall which facilitates the mixing between the first and the second aqueous solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Inventors: Warren Finley, Anthony T Jones
  • Patent number: 9315968
    Abstract: A hydraulic control system for a machine is disclosed. The hydraulic control system includes a pump configured to pressurize a fluid, and a swing motor selectively driven by pressurized fluid from the pump. The swing motor is configured to move a part of the machine. The hydraulic control system also includes a controller in communication with the pump. The controller is configured to receive an input indicative of a difference between a desired speed and an actual speed of the swing motor, and determine if the swing motor is accelerating, decelerating, or operating at neutral mode. The controller is configured to determine an amount of return fluid from an actuator of the machine that is available as makeup fluid for the swing motor if the swing motor is operating at neutral mode. The controller is configured to control the pump based on at least the amount of return fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Tonglin Shang, Dayao Chen
  • Patent number: 9297352
    Abstract: A wave energy converter (10) for extracting energy from waves in a body of liquid. The converter (10) comprises an inflatable sleeve (12) having an air inlet (14) at or towards one end and an air outlet (18) at or towards its other end. A flexible diaphragm (22) is located within the sleeve (12) so as to extend lengthwise thereof. The diaphragm (22) is sealingly engaged with the sleeve (12) along opposed, elongate edges (22a,22b) thereof. A flexible spine (24) is retained within the diaphragm (22) so as to extend lengthwise thereof. The spine (24) is fixed with the diaphragm (22), relative to the sleeve (12), at or towards each end of the sleeve (12). The converter (10) also comprises a loading device operable to apply an axial compressive force to the spine (24) relative to the sleeve (12) such that, on operation of the loading device, the spine (24) and the diaphragm (22) are buckled into a waveform (26) constrained within the sleeve (12).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Inventors: Norman West Bellamy, Neil Michael Bellamy, Robert Ian Smith
  • Patent number: 9284941
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a natural energy extraction apparatus which can extract kinetic energies of river water currents or tidal water currents at various depth layers, and which is easy to attach to the fixed structure above water current. A natural energy extraction apparatus comprises a float, a vertical-axis water turbine fixed to the float and extending downward, a power transmission device engaging an upper end of the float and converting rotational kinetic energy of the float to driving torque for driven equipment, and arm members supporting the power transmission device rotatably around a horizontal axis at one ends and supported by a fixed structure above a water current rotatably around a horizontal axis at the other ends, wherein the float and the vertical-axis water turbine are located in a river water current or tidal water current.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Inventor: Hiromichi Akimoto
  • Patent number: 9243607
    Abstract: A wave responsive electrical generator device having a buoyant member connected to an anchor by a tether line member, the line member passing through a sheave mounted within the buoyant member and descending to a counterweight, whereby vertical motion of the buoyant member results in rotation of the sheave, which in turn operates an alternator to produce electricity, wherein the line member is a plurality of belts mechanically interlocking with the sheave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2016
    Inventor: Mark R. Frich
  • Patent number: 9175664
    Abstract: An apparatus is provided for harnessing ocean wave energy, wherein the apparatus relieves excessive loadings on components to avoid damage thereof in adverse wave conditions. The apparatus includes a buoyant actuator and a pump anchored within the body of water. Fluid at high pressure is pumped ashore by the pump, energy is extracted as useful work at an on-shore plant, and the resultant reduced pressure fluid is returned to the offshore pump to be re-energized. The buoyant actuator is operably connected to the pump by tether and is buoyantly suspended within the body of water above the pump. The buoyant actuator is provided with a connector that includes a damping mechanism configured to maintain a substantially rigid connection between the hollow body and the tether until such time as loading therebetween exceeds a prescribed load whereupon the damping mechanism facilitates limited relative movement therebetween to relieve the loading.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: CETO IP Pty Ltd.
    Inventors: Jonathan Pierre Fievez, Greg John Allen, Laurence Drew Mann
  • Patent number: 9127639
    Abstract: Systems and methods relate to utilizing fluid potential energy to produce large scale and sustainable hydroelectric power by employing a Cho-Venturi hydraulic ram (CVHR). The CVHR system includes a Cho-Venturi tube (CVT) in which a primary flow from a fluid at a head pressure at a depth in a body of the fluid combines with a recirculation flow in a throat section of the CVT. A pressure higher than the pressure outside the plant is generated at the end of a diverging section the CVT, which enables expulsion of the fluid discharged from hydraulic turbines under atmospheric pressure to the fluid depth while another portion of the fluid is recycled for power generation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Inventors: Michael Y. Cho, John M. Cho
  • Patent number: 9115690
    Abstract: Systems and methods for maintaining the active power production of a fluid turbine and regulating the temperature of an electrical generating component by controlling the reactive power production are disclosed. A thermal parameter of the electrical generating component is monitored. If the electrical generating component exceeds a thermal parameter the reactive power production of the turbine is reduced. A fluid turbine may be de-rated to further reduce an electrical generating component's thermal parameter. A fluid turbine may shut down to further reduce an electrical generating component's thermal parameter. A fluid turbine's power production is re-started when the electrical generating component returns to an acceptable thermal parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: OGIN, INC.
    Inventors: Bo Lovmand, Claus Sejdelin Schrøder, Søren Dalsgaard, Ove Styhm Kristensen
  • Patent number: 9109512
    Abstract: Systems, devices and methods for the compression, expansion, and/or storage of a gas are described herein. An apparatus suitable for use in a compressed gas-based energy storage and recovery system includes a pneumatic cylinder having a working piston disposed therein for reciprocating movement in the pneumatic cylinder, a hydraulic actuator coupled to the working piston, and a hydraulic controller fluidically coupleable to the hydraulic actuator. The apparatus is fluidically coupleable to a compressed gas storage chamber which includes a first storage chamber fluidically coupleable to the pneumatic chamber, and a second storage chamber is fluidically coupleable to the first storage chamber. The first storage chamber is disposed at a first elevation and is configured to contain a liquid and a gas. The second storage chamber is disposed at a second elevation greater than the first elevation, and is configured to contain a volume of liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: General Compression, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric D. Ingersoll, Justin A. Aborn, Matthew Blieske, David Marcus, Kyle Brookshire
  • Patent number: 9097267
    Abstract: A system to pressurize barrier fluid of a submersible installation to provide a differential pressure between the ambient pressure surrounding the submersible installation and the pressure of the barrier fluid internally in the submersible installation during submersion of the system, wherein the differential pressure fits within a predetermined differential pressure range. The system comprises a pre-charge arrangement and a pressure intensifier which is adapted to start working at a start-up pressure. The pre-charge arrangement is adapted, during submerging of the system, to provide a differential pressure within the predetermined differential pressure range until the ambient pressure equals the start up pressure of the pressure intensifier, while the pressure intensifier is adapted to provide a differential pressure within the predetermined differential pressure range when the ambient pressure equals the start-up pressure of the pressure intensifier during further submersion of the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Framo Engineering AS
    Inventors: Jorgen Eide, Anders Brunvold, Arne Veland
  • Publication number: 20150143804
    Abstract: A device to harvest energy from lightning is disclosed. The electrical energy of the lightning may be used to heat a fluid, which may then be used to drive a turbine to produce electricity. The electricity provided by the turbine is in a form suitable to either by used or stored. The lightning strikes an antenna and is conducted through an insulated chamber where it heats the fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventor: Khalil Abu Al-Rubb
  • Patent number: 9038377
    Abstract: The power plant disclosed is an engine that derives its usefulness in the pursuit of energy generation by utilizing hydrostatic pressure differentials found or created in various liquids, gases or solutions, such as but not limited to water and air. It is generally provided as a two-stroke piston cycle power generating system, wherein the actions of the pistons perform work or replenish working fluid from a lower head to a higher head, and can be utilized to generate power, pump fluids, or perform work, for example. Multiple power generating systems are interconnected to provide continuous and constant power generation through a penstock and turbine system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Inventor: Mark R. Anteau
  • Publication number: 20150135696
    Abstract: An axial-flow turbine assembly that includes one or more features for enhancing the efficiency of the turbine's operation. In one embodiment, the turbine assembly includes a turbine rotor having blades that adjust their pitch angle in direct response to working fluid pressure on the blades themselves or other part(s) of the rotor. In other embodiments, the turbine assembly is deployable in an application, such as an oscillating water column system, in which the flow of working fluid varies over time, for example, as pressure driving the flow changes. In a first of these embodiments, the turbine assembly includes a valve that allows the pressure to build so that the flow is optimized for the turbine's operating parameters. In a second of these embodiments, one or more variable-admission nozzle and shutter assemblies are provided to control the flow through the turbine to optimize the flow relative to the turbine's operating parameters.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2015
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Frederick E. Becker, Francis A. DiBella, Kevin D. Fairman, Alexander Gofer
  • Publication number: 20150121878
    Abstract: Apparatus for generating energy in which an oscillating air column created by wave motion continuously drives a turbine in one direction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventor: Reginald Friedenthal
  • Publication number: 20150101323
    Abstract: A hydroelectric power plant comprising a pipe from a water source in a mountain range which is made to open into a much larger in diameter piston cylinder at a much lower elevation. The piston therein is driven by water pressure to drive a gear train operatively connected to an electric generator on its far end. The piston is made to move slowly under great force, while the generator is made to turn at a much greater velocity, producing electricity. Water pressure may be derived from some municipal water systems. Much less water is expended through the device than by using a turbine, as in U.S. Pat. No. 1,774,603. Instead of a piston, piezoelectric elements may be used with shut-off valves on either side of the elements. By alternating the operation of these valves intense pressure waves may be induced to produce electricity. This obviates the need for turbines and generators for hydroelectric power generation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventor: Edwin Newman
  • Patent number: 9003785
    Abstract: The invention relates to a facility for converting water power into mechanical or electrical energy, including at least one hydraulic turbine, a water reservoir (R), and a pipe (5) for supplying the turbine with water (E) from the water reservoir. The facility also includes a device (200) submerged in the water reservoir and suitable for imposing an ascending movement on a water flow (E0) moving in the water reservoir (R) towards the opening (51) of the supply pipe (5), and a gas-collecting means (400), arranged above a portion (V200) of the device (200) in which the ascending movement of the water flow (E0) takes place.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Alstom Renewable Technologies
    Inventor: Paul Toulouse
  • Patent number: 8978766
    Abstract: A temperature compensated accumulator and method for use thereof downhole in a well. The accumulator may include a housing with separate bulkhead and piston assemblies. Thus, one assembly may include a hydraulic fluid chamber separated from a gas precharge pressure chamber by a piston and the other assembly may include an ambient pressure chamber separated from an atmospheric chamber by another piston. Additionally a pressure relief and check valve assembly may be located at a pressure relief chamber between the other assembly sections. Thus, venting to or from the gas precharge pressure chamber may take place upon exposure to a predetermined decreased or elevated temperature so as to maintain a substantially constant precharge level for the accumulator, for example, in spite of dramatic changes in downhole temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Peter Nellessen, Jr., Quangen Du
  • Publication number: 20150068110
    Abstract: Techniques, systems and material are disclosed for transport of energy and/or materials. In one aspect, a method includes generating gaseous fuel (e.g., from biomass dissociation) at a first location of a low elevation. The gaseous fuel can be self-transported in a pipeline to a second location at a higher elevation than the first location by traveling from the first location to the second location without adding energy of pressure. A liquid fuel can be generated at the second location of higher elevation by reacting the gaseous fuel with at least one of a carbon donor, a nitrogen donor, and an oxygen donor harvested from industrial waste. The liquid fuel can be delivered to a third location of a lower elevation than the second location while providing pressure or kinetic energy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Publication number: 20150052885
    Abstract: A method, a system, and a device are disclosed which are capable of using moving liquid to create energy in the form of compressed air. The method, system, and/or device does not harm or consume the liquid to operate. The compressed air can be used to operate anything from vehicles to electric generators.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventor: Benjamin Meager
  • Publication number: 20150047332
    Abstract: A system and method for converting pressure differentials to electricity is disclosed. Initially, a first chamber is empty and a second chamber holds compressed air/fluid. When the device is disposed in the large bodies of water, due to pressure difference inside the first chamber and the ambient pressure, water fills the first chamber. As the water passes through the first chamber, it turns the turbine or creates pressure difference in transducer to produce electricity. The device descends itself in the deeper water column due to added water in first chamber. When the device obtains equilibrium, the compressed air/fluid from second chamber is allowed to flow to the first chamber to evacuate the filled water. The evacuating water again turns the turbine or creates pressure difference in transducer to produce electricity. After evacuation of water, the device will ascend itself to a shallower depth and the process repeats.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: John W. Luongo, Charles P. Wason, JR., Matthew M. DeAngelis
  • Patent number: 8955315
    Abstract: A hydroelectric generator includes a body and an electromechanical apparatus cabin. The body has a tube penetrating the body and a first flow channel. The tube has a tapering segment and a throat portion communicating with the first tapering segment. One end portion of the first flow channel is located on a wall surface of the throat portion, so that the first flow channel communicates with the tube. The first flow channel is used to enable a fluid to flow into the tube from the first flow channel or guide a fluid to flow out of the body from the throat portion. The electromechanical apparatus cabin has an energy retrieving apparatus disposed in the throat portion of the tube, and the end portion of the first flow channel communicating with the tube is located at a front side or a back side of the energy retrieving apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Chih-Wei Yen, Yi-Chen Li, Tzu-Hung Huang, Yin-Ling Kuo
  • Patent number: 8950127
    Abstract: A wind turbine station for generating electricity comprising a multi floor structure having open framing. The open framing comprising at least two spaced-apart, open, vertical frames, the frames each made primarily of uncovered beams and columns. The station has a plurality of vertically spaced, horizontal, interior platforms forming the floors of the structure, each interior platform extending between and joined to both of the frames over the length of the frames. Wind turbines are mounted on the structure about the outer periphery of each platform. The wind turbines face outwardly and are each operatively connected to a generator to produce electricity. In a preferred embodiment, the structure has an annular shape with an outer cylindrical or polygonal prism frame and an inner cylindrical or polygonal prism frame spaced from the outer frame. The interior platforms have a flat, ring shape. The invention includes a method for building the station.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Inventor: Haisam Yakoub
  • Patent number: 8950181
    Abstract: Energy can be stored by directing fluid into an expandable receptacle that has a relatively heavy mass above it. The fluid fills the receptacle such that it expands and lifts up the heavy mass above it. At a time when energy is needed, the fluid can be allowed to flow out of the receptacle and through a turbine or hydraulic motor to generate power or electricity. Intermittent or unreliable sources of power can be used to fill the receptacle, or power from a power grid can be used to fill the receptacle at times that are off-peak. During peak-load times, the potential energy of the fluid in the receptacle can be converted to power. The receptacle can also be used to control water flows and can provide a source of power and potable water to a community.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Inventors: Steven Thomas Ivy, Guy Carl Eastwood
  • Publication number: 20150033724
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 21, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Danielle A. FONG, Stephen E. CRANE, Edwin P. BERLIN, JR., AmirHossein Pourmousa ABKENAR, Kartikeya MAHALATKAR, Yongxi HOU, Todd BOWERS