Convertible Motor-pump Device Selectively Charges And Is Driven By Gas From Storage Vessel Patents (Class 60/408)
  • Patent number: 10119555
    Abstract: A pneumatic actuator system includes at least an actuator, a compressor providing compressed air to the actuator, a first intake conduit supplying the compressor with external air, and a second intake conduit connected to an exhaust line of the actuator and supplying the compressor with air discharged from the actuator. The pneumatic actuator system also includes a selecting valve which is arranged on the exhaust line of the actuator, between the actuator and the compressor, this valve being able to switch between a recirculation position, where the air flow is directed back to the compressor and an exhaust position where the air flow is directed to a low pressure circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Volvo Truck Corporation
    Inventors: Pierre Carez, Xavier Blanc
  • Publication number: 20150136507
    Abstract: The present invention is a piston-actuated bicycle pedal assist system mounted to a bicycle for intermittent assistance with pedaling. This system includes a pedal rotatably attached to a pedal arm. The pedal arm fixedly attaches to a crankshaft such that rotation of the pedal arm and continuous movement of a piston head actuate the crankshaft. A propellant bottle provides propellant flow through propellant tubing. A propellant actuator controls propellant flow into at least one manifold connected to at least one propellant motor cylinder. This manifold includes a check valve that permits one-way propellant flow into the propellant motor cylinder. The check valve alternately opens by the piston head and seals automatically. The piston head includes a piston flap seal reversibly forming a seal that creates a pressure differential within a propellant motor cylinder chamber. This pressure differential controls downward movement of the piston head and an attached piston shaft.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventor: Alex Baldwin
  • Publication number: 20150054291
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Karl E. STAHLKOPF, Danielle A. FONG, Stephen E. CRANE, Edwin P. BERLIN, JR., AmirHossein POURMOUSA ABKENAR
  • Patent number: 8893488
    Abstract: An engine and drive train system suitable for personal or commercial transportation vehicles. The system converts the expansive energy of compressed air or gas into mechanical energy to produce motion or force. The engine of the present invention further uses the intrinsic kinetic energy of the vehicle in motion to generate and store compressed air or gas for in-situ or later use. The engine may also be used for braking by the introduction of high pressure air or gas at maximum displacement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Inventor: Frederick Michael Shofner, II
  • Patent number: 8863519
    Abstract: A compressed air energy storage system integrated with a source of secondary heat, such as a simple cycle gas turbine, to increase power production and to provide power regulation through the use of stored compressed air heated by said secondary heat to provide power augmentation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: PowerPHASE LLC
    Inventor: Robert J. Kraft
  • Patent number: 8844277
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: LightSail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr., AmirHossein Pourmousa Abkenar, Kartikeya Mahalatkar, Yongxi Hou, Todd Bowers, Karl E. Stahlkopf
  • Publication number: 20140260230
    Abstract: A modular compressed air energy storage system includes modular low pressure and high pressure subsystems coupled together with interstage pipes. Each of the subsystems includes a hydraulic vessel adapted to contain a heat transfer liquid and having a piston disposed therein for horizontal reciprocating movement. First and second pressure vessels are coupled to the hydraulic vessel on opposite sides of the piston, each adapted to contain the heat transfer liquid and/or a gas. First and second heat transfer devices are respectively disposed within upper regions of the pressure vessels. The piston is moveable in a first direction to displace at least some of the heat transfer liquid from the hydraulic vessel to the first pressure vessel and is moveable in a second direction to displace at least some of the heat transfer liquid from the hydraulic vessel to the second pressure vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Bryce Richards, Kenneth Kernyo, Ryan Heinbuch
  • Publication number: 20140238022
    Abstract: A plant for storing energy by means of compressed air, in which: a storage volume accommodates air at elevated pressure pH; for energy storage, ambient air is compressed and introduced into the storage volume; for removal from storage, compressed air is extracted from the storage volume and discharged into the environment, performing work; at least one low-pressure turbomachine for alternate compression and expansion respectively compresses ambient air to a medium pressure pM and expands said ambient air from said pressure; at least one high-pressure machine for alternate compression and expansion respectively compresses air from the medium pressure pM to the store pressure pH and expands said air from the latter pressure; and said low-pressure turbomachine and high-pressure machine are connected in series in terms of flow and are mechanically coupled to in each case one, or to one common, electric machine that operates selectively as a motor and generator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 5, 2012
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: Boge Kompressoren Otto Boge GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Ulrich Dämgen, Wolf D. Meier-Scheuven
  • Publication number: 20140223910
    Abstract: An energy-storing device with a charging circuit for a working gas for storing thermal energy, comprising a compressor, a heat accumulator, and an expansion turbine is provided. The compressor is connected to the inlet of the expansion turbine at the outlet side of the compressor via a first line for the working gas, and the heat accumulator is connected into the first line. The compressor and the expansion turbine are arranged on a common shaft, and the heat exchanger of the heat accumulator is designed such that the working gas which is expanded in the expansion turbine largely matches the thermodynamic state variables of the working gas prior to entering the compressor. Only a part of the thermal energy is transferred to the heat accumulator in the process. The working gas fed to the expansion turbine remains relatively hot.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 5, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Christian Brunhuber, Carsten Graeber, Gerhard Zimmermann
  • Patent number: 8793989
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Lightsail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20140196456
    Abstract: A storage energy generation method utilizing natural energy and a generation system thereof generates electricity through natural energy such as wind power or solar energy and then compresses air, or directly compresses air, then generates electricity to an electric grid through the compressed air which is deemed as a power resource. An electric station utilizing integrated energy generates electricity to drive an air compression device, further then produces compressed air as an energy storage medium and stores compressed air in an air storage device, and then regards the compressed air as a main or auxiliary driving energy to other electric stations, such that a function of stabilizing and adjusting peak load can be realized.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2012
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: Beijing Xiangtian Huachang Aerodynamic Force Technology Research Institute Company Limited
    Inventors: Dengrong Zhou, Jian Zhou
  • Patent number: 8755945
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus control the temperature of an electronic component of a computer. A temperature sensor is read that measures a temperature of an electronic component of a computer. The speed of a compressor is adjusted based on the read temperature to maintain a pre-defined temperature range for the electronic component. The compressor compresses a refrigerant. The refrigerant is sent to a condenser that condenses the refrigerant. The refrigerant is sent to a heat exchanger that is thermally coupled to the electronic component and that transfers thermal energy from the electronic component to the refrigerant. Finally, the refrigerant is sent back to the compressor. Solenoid valves can be used to control the flow of refrigerant to heat exchangers for one or more additional electronic components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Powerquest LLC
    Inventors: Patrick Zuili, Todd Stabinski, Daren Stabinski, Joe Arnold
  • Patent number: 8733095
    Abstract: In various embodiments, a mechanical assembly and/or storage vessel is fluidly coupled to a circulation apparatus for receiving pressurized heat-transfer fluid from an outlet at a first elevated pressure, boosting a pressure of the heat-transfer fluid to a second pressure larger than the first pressure, and returning heat-transfer fluid to an inlet at a third pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Sustainx, Inc.
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger, Michael Neil Scott, Robert Cook, Patrick J. Magari
  • Patent number: 8667792
    Abstract: In various embodiments, coupling losses between a cylinder assembly and other components of a gas compression and/or expansion system are reduced or eliminated via valve-timing control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: SustainX, Inc.
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger, Joel Berg
  • Publication number: 20140026549
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2013
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Applicant: LightSail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. FONG, Stephen E. CRANE, Edwin P. BERLIN, JR., AmirHossein Pourmousa ABKENAR, Kartikeya MAHALATKAR, Yongxi HOU, Todd BOWERS, Karl E. STAHLKOPF
  • Patent number: 8627658
    Abstract: The invention relates to systems and methods for rapidly and isothermally expanding and compressing gas in energy storage and recovery systems that use open-air hydraulic-pneumatic cylinder assemblies, such as an accumulator and an intensifier in communication with a high-pressure gas storage reservoir on a gas-side of the circuits and a combination fluid motor/pump, coupled to a combination electric generator/motor on the fluid side of the circuits. The systems use heat transfer subsystems in communication with at least one of the cylinder assemblies or reservoir to thermally condition the gas being expanded or compressed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: SustainX, Inc.
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger, Michael Izenson, Weibo Chen, Patrick Magari, Benjamin Cameron, Robert Cook, Horst Richter
  • Publication number: 20130340420
    Abstract: Systems, methods and devices for optimizing thermal efficiency within a gas compression system are described herein. In some embodiments, a device can include a first hydraulic cylinder, a second hydraulic cylinder, and a hydraulic actuator. The first hydraulic cylinder has a first working piston disposed therein for reciprocating movement in the first hydraulic cylinder and which divides the first hydraulic cylinder into a first hydraulic chamber and a second hydraulic chamber. The second hydraulic cylinder has a second working piston disposed therein for reciprocating movement in the second hydraulic cylinder and which divides the second hydraulic cylinder into a third hydraulic chamber and a fourth hydraulic chamber. The hydraulic actuator can be coupled to the first or second working piston, and is operable to move the first and second working pistons in a first direction and a second direction such that volume in the hydraulic chambers are reduced accordingly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 7, 2013
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Applicant: General Compression, Inc.
    Inventor: General Compression, Inc.
  • Patent number: 8567183
    Abstract: Multistage hydraulic systems and methods for converting the potential energy of a pressurized gas, particularly air, into mechanical work when operating in motor, and for producing compressed gas from the mechanical work of the rotating shaft when rotating when operating in compressor mode, by performing a successive expansion/compression of the said gas. Each of the systems comprises: a multistage Compression-Expansion Unit made of several hydraulic Compression-Expansion Modules having different capacity and integrating a gas/liquid separating heat exchanger, designed to convert pressure power into a hydraulic power and vice-versa, by performing an essentially isothermal compression/expansion of the gas; a single stage or multistage, direct or indirect, external forced-air Heat Exchanger for maintaining the active liquid at ambient temperature; and a multi-circuit, multi-displacement Hydraulic Motor/Pump for converting hydraulic power into mechanical power and vice-versa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)
    Inventors: Sylvain Lemofouet, Alfred Rufer
  • Patent number: 8561399
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: LightSail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr., AmirHossein Pourmousa Abkenar, Kartikeya Mahalatkar, Yongxi Hou, Todd Bowers, Karl E. Stahlkopf
  • Patent number: 8561390
    Abstract: An energy production and pressurized exhaust gas storage system including two combustion chambers aligned in opposition to each other, each of the two combustion chambers having a reciprocating power piston. A compression chamber is situated between the two combustion chambers and it includes a reciprocating compression piston. A shaft connects all of the pistons together. A solvent tank is connected to the two combustion chambers to receive the exhaust gas carbon dioxide. The solvent is preferably water maintained at about 32 degrees Fahrenheit and with a pressure above the water surface of about 100 pounds per square inch. Upon combustion, a pressurized carbon dioxide storage chamber receives compressed carbon dioxide from the compression chamber. Check valves are used to enable inflow of carbon dioxide to the compression chamber from the solvent tank and outflow of pressurized carbon dioxide in the compression chamber to storage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Inventors: Rodney L. Nelson, Margaret A. Nelson, Durwood D. Woodall
  • Patent number: 8534058
    Abstract: Systems, apparatus and methods of compressed air energy storage and electrical power generation are provided. In one embodiment, an apparatus is provided having a magnetic piston within a cylinder and an air chamber at each end of the piston; an electromagnetic coil is operable with the piston to convert an input of electrical power to a first reciprocating movement of the piston sufficient to generate compressed air in the chambers for storage in a compressed air storage reservoir; and the electromagnetic coil is operable with the piston to convert a second reciprocating movement of the piston to an output of electrical power connectable to a power grid, with the second reciprocating movement of the piston generated by bursts of the compressed air from the storage reservoir introduced into the chambers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Southwest Research Institute
    Inventors: Klaus Brun, Melissa A. Wilcox, Eugene L. Broerman, III
  • Patent number: 8522540
    Abstract: A counterbalancing arrangement and a method for counterbalancing two mutually movable parts, which is arranged to counteract the gravitational force of at least one of the movable parts. The counterbalancing arrangement includes a gas spring and a compressor system. The compressor system is designed to sense a pressure in the gas spring and to adjust the pressure if the pressure deviates from a predetermined value. The counterbalancing arrangement can be used for counterbalancing an industrial robot arm and is capable of maintaining its working capacity regardless of any gas leakage and variations in the ambient temperature so as to result in very few unwanted stops occasioned by a need for servicing the balancing spring of the counterbalancing arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Stromsholmen AB
    Inventors: Johan Runesson, Johannes Samuelsson, Björn Limber
  • Patent number: 8522538
    Abstract: Systems, methods and devices for optimizing bi-directional piston movement within a device or system used to compress and/or expand a gas, such as air, are described herein. In some embodiments, a compressed air device and/or system can include a first pneumatic cylinder, a second pneumatic cylinder, a hydraulic actuator, and a hydraulic controller. The first pneumatic cylinder has a first working piston disposed therein for reciprocating movement in the first pneumatic cylinder and the hydraulic actuator is coupled to the first working piston. The second pneumatic cylinder has a second working piston disposed therein for reciprocating movement in the second pneumatic cylinder. The hydraulic controller is fluidically coupleable to the hydraulic actuator and is operable in a compression mode and an expansion mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: General Compression, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric D. Ingersoll, Justin A. Aborn, Matthew Blieske
  • Patent number: 8516810
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: LightSail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8482152
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: LightSail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Karl E. Stahlkopf, Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr., AmirHossein Pourmousa Abkenar
  • Patent number: 8474255
    Abstract: In various embodiments, efficiency of energy storage and recovery systems compressing and expanding gas is improved via heat exchange between the gas and a heat-transfer fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: SustainX, Inc.
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Alexander Bell, Benjamin R. Bollinger, Andrew Shang, David Chmiel, Horst Richter, Patrick Magari, Benjamin Cameron
  • Patent number: 8468814
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: LightSail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr., AmirHossein Pourmousa Abkenar, Kartikeya Mahalatkar, Yongxi Hou, Todd Bowers, Karl E. Stahlkopf
  • Patent number: 8450884
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: LightSail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Karl E. Stahlkopf, Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr., AmirHossein Pourmousa Abkenar
  • Publication number: 20130104533
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2012
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Applicant: LightSail Energy Inc.
    Inventor: LightSail Energy Inc.
  • Patent number: 8387375
    Abstract: Systems, methods and devices for optimizing thermal efficiency within a gas compression system are described herein. In some embodiments, a device can include a first hydraulic cylinder, a second hydraulic cylinder, and a hydraulic actuator. The first hydraulic cylinder has a first working piston disposed therein for reciprocating movement in the first hydraulic cylinder and which divides the first hydraulic cylinder into a first hydraulic chamber and a second hydraulic chamber. The second hydraulic cylinder has a second working piston disposed therein for reciprocating movement in the second hydraulic cylinder and which divides the second hydraulic cylinder into a third hydraulic chamber and a fourth hydraulic chamber. The hydraulic actuator can be coupled to the first or second working piston, and is operable to move the first and second working pistons in a first direction and a second direction such that volume in the hydraulic chambers are reduced accordingly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: General Compression, Inc.
    Inventor: Matthew Blieske
  • Patent number: 8359856
    Abstract: In various embodiments, a mechanical assembly and/or storage vessel is fluidly coupled to a circulation apparatus for receiving pressurized heat-transfer fluid from an outlet at a first elevated pressure, boosting a pressure of the heat-transfer fluid to a second pressure larger than the first pressure, and returning heat-transfer fluid to an inlet at a third pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Sustainx Inc.
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger, Michael Neil Scott, Robert Cook, Patrick Magari
  • Patent number: 8347616
    Abstract: An engine and drive train system suitable for personal or commercial transportation vehicles. The system converts the expansive energy of compressed air or gas into mechanical energy to produce motion or force. The engine of the present invention further uses the intrinsic kinetic energy of the vehicle in motion to generate and store compressed air or gas for in-situ or later use. The engine may also be used for braking by the introduction of high pressure air or gas at maximum displacement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Inventor: Frederick Michael Shofner, II
  • Publication number: 20120255292
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2012
    Publication date: October 11, 2012
    Applicant: LightSail Energy Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, JR., AmirHossein Pourmousa Abkenar, Kartikeya Mahalatkar, Yongxi Hou, Todd Bowers
  • Patent number: 8272212
    Abstract: Systems, methods and devices for optimizing thermal efficiency within a gas compression system are described herein. In some embodiments, a device can include a first hydraulic cylinder, a second hydraulic cylinder, and a hydraulic actuator. The first hydraulic cylinder has a first working piston disposed therein for reciprocating movement in the first hydraulic cylinder and which divides the first hydraulic cylinder into a first hydraulic chamber and a second hydraulic chamber. The second hydraulic cylinder has a second working piston disposed therein for reciprocating movement in the second hydraulic cylinder and which divides the second hydraulic cylinder into a third hydraulic chamber and a fourth hydraulic chamber. The hydraulic actuator can be coupled to the first or second working piston, and is operable to move the first and second working pistons in a first direction and a second direction such that volume in the hydraulic chambers are reduced accordingly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: General Compression, Inc.
    Inventor: Matthew Blieske
  • Patent number: 8267296
    Abstract: A portable linear fastener driving tool is provided that drive staples, nails, or other linearly driven fasteners. The tool uses a gas spring principle, in which a cylinder filled with compressed gas is used to quickly force a piston through a driving stroke movement, while a driver also drives a fastener into a workpiece. The piston/driver is then moved back to its starting position by use of a rotary-to-linear lifter, and the piston again compresses the gas above the piston, thereby preparing the tool for another driving stroke. The driver has protrusions along its edges that contact the lifter, which lifts the driver during a return stroke. A pivotable latch is controlled to move into either an interfering position or a non-interfering position with respect to the driver protrusions, and acts as a safety device, by preventing the driver from making a full driving stroke at an improper time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Senco Brands, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard L. Leimbach, Thomas A. McCardle, Danny L. Bolender, Steve Dickinson, Joseph R. Knueven, Robert L. Lance, Jr., Dan Stolz, Michael V. Petrocelli, Teresa Petrocelli, legal representative
  • Patent number: 8240142
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Lightsail Energy Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr., AmirHossein Pourmousa Abkenar, Kartikeya Mahalatkar, Yongxi Hou, Todd Bowers, Karl E. Stahlkopf
  • Patent number: 8215106
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: Lightsail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8215105
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: Lightsail Energy Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr., AmirHossein Pourmousa Abkenar, Kartikeya Mahalatkar, Yongxi Hou, Todd Bowers, Karl E. Stahlkopf
  • Patent number: 8201403
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: Lightsail Energy Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8191361
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Lightsail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr., AmirHossein Pourmousa Abkenar, Kartikeya Mahalatkar, Yongxi Hou, Todd Bowers, Karl E. Stahlkopf
  • Patent number: 8191360
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: LightSail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr., AmirHossein Pourmousa Abkenar, Kartikeya Mahalatkar, Yongxi Hou, Todd Bowers
  • Patent number: 8182240
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2012
    Assignee: Lightsail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8171728
    Abstract: In various embodiments, efficiency of energy storage and recovery systems employing compressed air and liquid heat exchange is improved via control of the system operation and/or the properties of the heat-exchange liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignee: SustainX, Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin Bollinger, Patrick Magari, Troy O. McBride
  • Publication number: 20120096845
    Abstract: Systems, methods and devices for optimizing bi-directional piston movement within a device or system used to compress and/or expand a gas, such as air, are described herein. In some embodiments, a compressed air device and/or system can include a first pneumatic cylinder, a second pneumatic cylinder, a hydraulic actuator, and a hydraulic controller. The first pneumatic cylinder has a first working piston disposed therein for reciprocating movement in the first pneumatic cylinder and the hydraulic actuator is coupled to the first working piston. The second pneumatic cylinder has a second working piston disposed therein for reciprocating movement in the second pneumatic cylinder. The hydraulic controller is fluidically coupleable to the hydraulic actuator and is operable in a compression mode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2011
    Publication date: April 26, 2012
    Applicant: GENERAL COMPRESSION, INC.
    Inventors: Eric D. Ingersoll, Justin A. Aborn, Matthew Blieske
  • Publication number: 20120085086
    Abstract: In various embodiments, compressed-gas energy storage and recovery systems feature one or more valves, which may be disposed within end caps of cylinder assemblies in which gas is expanded and/or compressed, for admitting fluid to and/or exhausting fluid from the cylinder assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2011
    Publication date: April 12, 2012
    Inventors: Benjamin R. Bollinger, Lee Doyle, Michael Neil Scott, Troy O. McBride, Andrew Shang
  • Patent number: 8146354
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: Lightsail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8096117
    Abstract: Systems and methods for operating a hydraulically actuated device/system are described herein. For example, systems and methods for the compression and/or expansion of gas can include at least one pressure vessel defining an interior region for retaining at least one of a volume of liquid or a volume of gas and an actuator coupled to and in fluid communication with the pressure vessel. The actuator can have a first mode of operation in which a volume of liquid disposed within the pressure vessel is moved to compress and move gas out of the pressure vessel. The actuator can have a second mode of operation in which a volume of liquid disposed within the pressure vessel is moved by an expanding gas entering the pressure vessel. The system can further include a heat transfer device configured to transfer heat to or from the at least one of a volume of liquid or a volume of gas retained by the pressure vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2012
    Assignee: General Compression, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric D. Ingersoll, Justin A. Aborn, Stephen M. Chomyszak
  • Publication number: 20110277457
    Abstract: Systems, apparatus and methods of compressed air energy storage and electrical power generation are provided. In one embodiment, an apparatus is provided having a magnetic piston within a cylinder and an air chamber at each end of the piston; an electromagnetic coil is operable with the piston to convert an input of electrical power to a first reciprocating movement of the piston sufficient to generate compressed air in the chambers for storage in a compressed air storage reservoir; and the electromagnetic coil is operable with the piston to convert a second reciprocating movement of the piston to an output of electrical power connectable to a power grid, with the second reciprocating movement of the piston generated by bursts of the compressed air from the storage reservoir introduced into the chambers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2010
    Publication date: November 17, 2011
    Applicant: SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Klaus BRUN, Melissa A. WILCOX, Eugene L. BROERMAN, III
  • Patent number: 8037677
    Abstract: A compressed-air energy storage system according to embodiments of the present invention comprises a reversible mechanism to compress and expand air, one or more compressed air storage tanks, a control system, one or more heat exchangers, and, in certain embodiments of the invention, a motor-generator. The reversible air compressor-expander uses mechanical power to compress air (when it is acting as a compressor) and converts the energy stored in compressed air to mechanical power (when it is acting as an expander). In certain embodiments, the compressor-expander comprises one or more stages, each stage consisting of pressure vessel (the “pressure cell”) partially filled with water or other liquid. In some embodiments, the pressure vessel communicates with one or more cylinder devices to exchange air and liquid with the cylinder chamber(s) thereof. Suitable valving allows air to enter and leave the pressure cell and cylinder device, if present, under electronic control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2011
    Assignee: LightSail Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Danielle A. Fong, Stephen E. Crane, Edwin P. Berlin, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20110219760
    Abstract: The invention relates to methods and systems for the storage and recovery of energy using open-air hydraulic-pneumatic accumulator and intensifier arrangements that combine at least one accumulator and at least one intensifier in communication with a high-pressure gas storage reservoir on a gas-side of the circuits and a combination fluid motor/pump, coupled to a combination electric generator/motor on the fluid side of the circuits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2011
    Publication date: September 15, 2011
    Inventors: Troy O. McBride, Benjamin R. Bollinger