With Means To Vary Buoyancy Of Working Member Patents (Class 60/496)
  • Patent number: 11255572
    Abstract: A heating, ventilation, and/or air conditioning (HVAC) unit includes a drain pan including a basin defined by a base and a plurality of side walls configured to collect condensate from an evaporator of the HVAC unit. The HVAC unit also includes a drain port disposed in the base of the basin and arranged such that the drain pan is configured to direct the condensate toward the drain port and out of the basin, a protruded portion extending from an outer surface of a side wall of the plurality of side walls, and a passage proximate to a top edge of the side wall of the plurality of side walls and configured to facilitate overflow of the condensate out of the basin and along the protruded portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2022
    Assignee: Johnson Controls Technology Company
    Inventors: John L. McElvany, Curtis A. Trammell
  • Patent number: 11162470
    Abstract: Energy is harvesting from fluids with different densities, such as water (34) and air (38) with a rotor (12) that is selectively above and below a water surface (30). The rotor (12) has cavities (31,32) inside tubes (18) with apertures (24) in walls (22) of the tubes (18). In a submerged mode, with the rotor (12) in the water (34), air is trapped in tubes (18) on one side of the rotor (12), which has apertures (24) facing down and air is released from the tubes (18) on the opposite side of the rotor (12), which has apertures (24) facing up. The opposite happens in an elevated mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2021
    Inventor: Carl Ludwig Hansmann
  • Patent number: 10662929
    Abstract: A system includes a thermal transpiration generator having a vacuum-sealed container, a rotatable shaft within the container, bearings supporting the shaft within the container, a first set of vanes secured to the shaft, a second set of vanes secured to the shaft, a first receiving lens for focusing energy on the first set of vanes, a second receiving lens for focusing energy on the second set of vanes, and a flywheel secured to the shaft. An electric generator is located outside the container and is coupled to the rotatable shaft with a magnetic coupler to be driven by rotation of the shaft. The system further includes a light energy collector system concentrating energy on each of the first and second receiving lenses, and an outer housing located about the container and the electric generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: Engineering Manufacturing Contractors, LLC
    Inventor: Mark Eugene Nutter
  • Patent number: 10557454
    Abstract: A hydrostatically based energy conversion unit, which comprises a vertically oriented cylinder; a piston sealingly engaged with and vertically displaceable within the cylinder; a horizontal shaft rotatably mounted to a surface located above the cylinder and mechanically connected to the piston; a motor for driving the shaft in a first rotational direction; and a generator coupled to the shaft for producing electrical power when the shaft rotates in a second rotational direction opposite to the first rotational direction. The piston is vertically displaceable in a first vertical direction during a charging mode following operation of the motor, and is vertically displaceable in a second vertical direction opposite to the first vertical direction during a power generating mode after being hydrostatically driven to produce electrical power in conjunction with the generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Inventor: Jeshoa Mesinger
  • Patent number: 10465650
    Abstract: An energy conversion device includes a container body configured to hold a liquid; a housing affixed above the container body by a handler connected to a surface of the container body, wherein a primary roller is configured to rotate at a first end of the housing and a free roller is configured to rotate at a second end of the housing; a piston attached at a first end to an outer perimeter of the primary roller; an inflatable balloon attached to a second end of the piston within the container body, wherein vertical movement of the piston causes the primary roller to rotate; an air chamber configured to supply air to a lower opening in the inflatable balloon via a balloon valve; and an interconnect located on a side of the free roller configured for connection to one of an energy-driven device or a turbine generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University
    Inventor: Mahmoud Mohamed Majzoub Mohamed
  • Patent number: 10428787
    Abstract: A free floating wave energy converter includes at least one flexible pipe, adapted to float at a surface of a body of water, having an inlet end for receiving alternating slugs of water and air when the pipe is moored facing at an angle to a wave direction in the body of water and having an outlet end in fluid communication with a power takeoff and other devices, a plurality of supports attached to the pipe at spaced apart locations, each of the supports extending traverse to a longitudinal axis of the pipe and outwardly in opposite directions and at least two inflatable tubes attached to the supports on opposite sides of the pipe extending longitudinally substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the pipe, wherein the pipe is raised and lowered relative to the surface of the water by respectively inflating and deflating the tubes with a gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Inventor: Syed Mohammed Ghouse
  • Patent number: 10190569
    Abstract: A device for automatically generating energy arranged in a water tank includes a buoy sinking in a water tank. Sides of the buoy are provided with a water inlet and a water outlet, which respectively connect with a tube body and a three-way tube. The tube body and the three-way tube are respectively provided with two valves. Each valve connects with a floating ball. When the buoy sinks in the water tank, each floating ball floats to close the valves, so that the liquid within the buoy is drained from a side through hole of the three-way tube to raise the buoy to a water level of the liquid, and each floating ball looses the valves, and the liquid flows into the buoy through the water inlet, and the buoy sinks in the water tank again. The buoy endlessly floats and sinks to generate electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: NATIONAL TAIWAN NORMAL UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Jung-Hsuan Chen, Chin-Guo Kuo, Chao-Fu Shu
  • Patent number: 10145355
    Abstract: A turbine that has a plurality of compartments. Each compartment has associated thereto a respective opening. Each opening defining a fluid communication path between an outside of the turbine and a respective compartment. The turbine also has a plurality of conduits. Each conduit connects a respective compartment to an adjoining compartment. Each conduit defines a fluid communication passageway between the respective compartment and the adjoining compartment. The turbine is configured for immersion in liquid and for powering by gas displacing some of the liquid out of one or more than one compartment. The present disclosure also describes a method of driving such a turbine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: Bioturbine Systems Inc.
    Inventor: Paul Mayrand
  • Patent number: 10138864
    Abstract: A floatable turbine (10) is described, which is movable on a substantially vertically oriented guide (20) so that the turbine (10) may move downwards along the guide (20) under gravitational force. The turbine equipment (10) is of negative buoyancy to facilitate it sinking, but is further provided with adjustable buoyancy means to allow the turbine arrangement to be imparted with a positive buoyancy when required. When imparted with a positive buoyancy the turbine equipment (10) floats back up the vertically oriented guide (20) under the buoyancy force. When moving down the guide (20) under gravity, and back up the guide (20) under buoyancy force an effective artificial current is generated by the movement through the turbine blades, turning the blades which in turn cause a generator to produce electricity, typically by suitable gearing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Inventor: Khalil Abu Al-Rubb
  • Patent number: 9657710
    Abstract: Dynamic tuning of the oscillating buoyant body of a wave energy converter over a range of periods that characterize energetic swell is achieved by controlling the ratio of total mass moment of inertia to restoring force and by controlling wave bridging. Mass is varied by locking and unlocking neutrally buoyant masses or by trapping and releasing seawater. For surging, water-plane area is forcibly varied. For rotational variants of heaving and surging and for pitching, the radius of gyration is varied. Invariant mass is reduced by using materials and structures with high ratios of strength to weight. Invariant added mass is reduced by streamlining, by constant radius body profiles and by keeping moving structures out of the water. Added mass is varied by using variable angle fins. Control of wave bridging, for a pitching body, including a wave following device, is by locking and unlocking serial segments of the buoyant body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Inventor: Bruce Gregory
  • Patent number: 9627953
    Abstract: A turbine is provided having one or more vanes joined to respective balloons. Compressed or pumped gas entering the turbine is selectively directed toward desired balloons by selectively activating one or more input valves, in order to selectively inflate the balloons. Simultaneously, gas inside the balloons is selectively directed away from the balloons and out of the turbine by selectively activating one or more output valves, in order to selectively deflate the balloons. The turbine is configured for being at least partially submerged in a liquid. The selective inflation of the balloons generates buoyancy which pushes the balloons upward, thereby causing the turbine to rotate. The selective deflation of the balloons decreases buoyancy which may counter the turbine's rotation. The turbine's rotation can be converted to a desired form of energy via a suitable energy converter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Inventor: Krishendu Das Gupta
  • Patent number: 9541055
    Abstract: A water pressure power-generating system includes a hydroelectric generator, a rotatable feeder, and at least two drain units all provided underwater. The drain units are disposed around the hydroelectric generator. Each drain unit includes a water catchment and a compression cylinder. The distance between the catchment and water surface is less than the distance between the compression cylinder and the water surface. The system further includes a gas compressor which can be connected with the compression cylinder through a pipeline. The rotatable feeder is provided with a first connection port for connection with the water outlet of the hydroelectric generator, and a second connection port for connection with the water inlet pipe of the water catchment. The first connection port is connected with the second connection port. When the system is provided in deep water, water pressure can be utilized to generate electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Inventor: Wai Hung Lam
  • Patent number: 9453194
    Abstract: A pneumatic bioreactor includes a vessel containing a fluid to be mixed and at least one mixing device driven by gas pressure. A first embodiment includes a floating impeller that rises and falls in the fluid as gas bubbles carry it upward to the surface where the gas is then vented, permitting the impeller to sink in the fluid. The floating impeller may be tethered to a second impeller with a flexible member and pulley. The mixing speed is controlled with electromagnets in the vessel acting upon magnetic material in the impeller or its guides. In another embodiment, floating pistons mix the fluid, pushing it through a mixing plate with one or more apertures. In a third embodiment, the mixing device is a rotating drum with bubble-catching blades and rotating mixing plates with apertures. The top of the vessel for these mixers may include a closed top and sterile filters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: PBS Biotech, Inc.
    Inventor: J. Gregory Zeikus
  • Patent number: 9433133
    Abstract: A cooling device for an arrangement with at least one electric component, particularly power electronics (1), for a vehicle, wherein the arrangement can be cooled by a fluid (2) using the method of evaporative cooling, includes a heat engine (4), in particular a steam turbine or a displacement machine for expanding fluid that is evaporated during evaporative cooling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2016
    Assignee: RENK AG
    Inventor: Nikolaus Müller
  • Patent number: 9341139
    Abstract: Provided is a drive device efficiently converting thermal energy of a vertical high-temperature tank and a vertical low-temperature tank into a drive force. The volume variable container (11) at a vertical high-temperature tank (1) side is supported on the forward side of a horizontal communication pipe (7) in the travel direction, and the volume variable container (12) at a vertical low-temperature tank (2) is supported on the rear side of the horizontal communication pipe (7) in the travel direction, and enclosed gas is transferred by a pressure difference between the volume variable container (11) and the volume variable container (12). A travel belt 4 travels with respect to an insulation wall (3) due to a total buoyancy difference (F1?F2) between the total buoyancy (F1) of the buoyancy of the volume variable container (11) and the total buoyancy (F2) of the buoyancy of the volume variable container (12).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Inventor: Hiroyasu Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 9003785
    Abstract: The invention relates to a facility for converting water power into mechanical or electrical energy, including at least one hydraulic turbine, a water reservoir (R), and a pipe (5) for supplying the turbine with water (E) from the water reservoir. The facility also includes a device (200) submerged in the water reservoir and suitable for imposing an ascending movement on a water flow (E0) moving in the water reservoir (R) towards the opening (51) of the supply pipe (5), and a gas-collecting means (400), arranged above a portion (V200) of the device (200) in which the ascending movement of the water flow (E0) takes place.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Alstom Renewable Technologies
    Inventor: Paul Toulouse
  • Patent number: 8978376
    Abstract: Energy is derived from the flow of gas in an existing, active gas pipeline. A buoyant power unit includes a wheel assembly having a wheel mounted for rotation about a horizontal axis, submerged within a tank of water and carrying receivers located and configured for turning the wheel in response to the reception of gas from the gas pipeline. Gas is drawn from the gas pipeline at an upstream location, is directed to the receivers of the wheel to turn the wheel in response to buoyant forces as the gas rises within the water, and is returned to the gas pipeline, at a downstream location. The wheel is coupled to a generator for producing usable energy. In one arrangement, a plurality of such buoyant power units are connected serially between the upstream and downstream locations. In another arrangement, injectors inject the gas directly into each receiver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Inventor: Edward A. Pedziwiatr
  • Patent number: 8966899
    Abstract: A system includes at least one body, a link for suspending the body for movement with gravity from a first elevation position to a second elevation position, and an electrical energy generator coupled with the body through the link to drive the generator to generate electricity upon movement of the body with gravity from the first to the second elevation position. The at least one body has a mass of at least approximately 100 tonnes; the first and the second elevation positions define a distance therebetween of at least approximately 200 meters; and/or the system further includes an operator configured to operate the link to controllably move the at least one body against gravity from the second to the first elevation position to increase a gravitational potential energy of the at least one body, and to maintain the gravitational potential energy of the at least one body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Launchpoint Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: O. James Fiske
  • Publication number: 20150040556
    Abstract: An engine with low rpm and high torque from a combination of gravity forces and the inherent buoyancy as energy of a hollow body is formed immersed in a fluid. The engine includes pair of track system as parallel conveyers with belts or chains and gears that's fixed to a frame that's repeatedly displaces water, two methods used achieving the same objective firstly, sealed cylinders with gears on conveyer, said conveyer frame has external and internal single edge tracking gear cut segment that generate the gravity and buoyancy continuously, the second method triangular prism bellow chambers attached to said conveyer operated by a rail system to collapse and expend thereby combination of buoyancy and gravitational forces causes movement of sprocket chain thus rotate the sprocket gears which is used as a power plant, multiple engines can be deployed in a large tall tank, lake, and ocean as clean energy farm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventor: ARVIND A. DAYA
  • Patent number: 8943821
    Abstract: A wave power plant includes a platform and at least one coupling member. The at least one coupling member is mounted in such a way as to perform an orbital movement which has a predetermined direction of movement and from which a torque usable for energy conversion can be tapped. A torque compensation device is provided which is designed to essentially compensate or neutralize a reactive torque generated by tapping the usable torque.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Benjamin Hagemann, Nik Scharmann
  • Publication number: 20150013325
    Abstract: The invention is a wave energy device which optimizes energy conversion from waves with a stable submerged platform coupled to compliant chain of floats (“pods”) which are connected to the platform by piston pumps. Wave action drives pumps to deliver pressurized water to a hydro turbine coupled to an electric generator for delivery of electric power to shore via a submarine cable. Alternatively, the pressurized water may be delivered to shore through pipes on the ocean floor, to generate electric power, also as input flow for reverse osmosis potable water production and for cooling applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: Dehlsen Associates, LLC
    Inventor: James G.P. Dehlsen
  • Publication number: 20150013326
    Abstract: Power generating apparatus comprising a deep liquid container having a deep liquid therein, an endless rotatable loop element at least in part in the deep liquid container, and configured to be rotated by a driver about a horizontal or substantially horizontal axis of rotation, and energy harvester associated with the rotatable loop element. The rotatable loop element comprises at least one vessel including at least one variable-shape fluid-tight gas chamber and movable separator defining at least in part the gas chamber. The in use movable separator being at least partially movable in response to a change in hydropressure and the in use energy harvester harvesting energy as the movable separation means moves. The movable separator contracts or expands its captured gas volume in direct response to the changing external liquid pressures upon it as the vessel or descends.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventor: Gordon Roy Tait
  • Patent number: 8910475
    Abstract: A buoyancy power generating apparatus includes: a tank adapted to receive liquid therein; a buoyancy mechanism disposed in the tank and including a bladder support and a bladder supported on the bladder support; a vertical support disposed outwardly of the tank; a weight unit supported movably on the vertical support; and a transmission coupled to the buoyancy mechanism and the weight unit so that the weight unit can be driven by the bladder to move upwardly during upward movement of the bladder and that the weight unit can be moved downwardly by gravity when the bladder is deflated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Jun Fu Clean Energy Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Ming-Chin Chiu
  • Publication number: 20140345262
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a wave-power aggregate and a method of extracting energy from wave motion in a liquid by means of a wave-power aggregate. The wave-power aggregate comprises a container which is situated at least partially in the liquid and also comprises an inflow and an outflow. The container is arranged to, under the influence of said wave motion, to let a first part of the container arrange itself in a first position and a second part of the container in a second position, where the first and second position corresponds to different potential energy states. The method comprises the steps of: alternately supplying the container with at least a first and a second fluid respectively via the inflow, where the density of the fluids differs. at least during an initial stage of the method controlling a flow resistance in at least one of the first and second fluids through the container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2014
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventor: Daniel Ehrnberg
  • Publication number: 20140338321
    Abstract: A floating eagle type wave power generating device includes an eagle-head-shaped wave absorption floating body, a ship-shaped underwater appendage and a door-shaped support arm. The eagle-head-shaped wave absorption floating body is fixedly connected with an upper end of the door-shaped support arm. A lower end of the door-shaped support arm is connected with first hinges. The first hinges are fixedly connected with the ship-shaped underwater appendage through a base. The door-shaped support arm, together with the eagle-head-shaped wave absorption floating body, can rotate around the first hinges. L-shaped underwater appendages, mounted at two ends of the ship-shaped underwater appendage, are connected with the ship-shaped underwater appendage through second hinges and can rotate around the second hinges. A main floating body is arranged above the ship-shaped underwater appendage and below the eagle-head-shaped wave absorption floating body.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2012
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventors: Yage You, Songwei Sheng
  • Patent number: 8839618
    Abstract: A buoyancy engine is provided for use in a saltwater environment. The engine includes a gas filled housing and a buoyancy chamber in the housing. An elastomeric membrane is positioned between the buoyancy chamber interior and the housing interior. A semi-permeable membrane is provided between the buoyancy chamber interior and the saltwater environment. Two electrodes can be positioned with both electrodes in the buoyancy chamber or with one electrode being positioned in the buoyancy chamber and the other being positioned in the saltwater environment. A controller is joined to at least one of the electrodes for controlling an electrical potential between the two electrodes. A power source provides power to the controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: John B. Blottman, III, Barbar J. Akle
  • Patent number: 8833070
    Abstract: A hydro-pneumatic cylinder for converting buoyancy energy of compressed gas into mechanical energy. The cylinder can include a pair of end plates disposed at opposite ends of the cylinder and a drive axle extending longitudinally through the cylinder and passing through the center of each end plate. The cylinder can also include a core support coupled to each end plate and centrally disposed in the cylinder and a plurality of vanes for promoting a low-drag flow. Each of the plurality of vanes is coupled to the core support and the pair of end plates. A bucket is defined by the core support, two of the plurality of vanes, and the pair of end plates. The cylinder further includes a vane support coupled to the plurality of vanes and the core support. The vane support defines a plurality of openings formed therein through which a gas can pass for equalizing pressure in the bucket.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Gravitair Rights, Inc.
    Inventors: Gavin P. Wilson, Michael J. Wilson, Conner C. Wilson
  • Patent number: 8813488
    Abstract: A system for generating power is described. The system comprises a gas compressor, a reservoir for storing compressed gas and an apparatus adapted to be located within a body of a liquid. The apparatus comprises at least one chamber in fluid communication with the compressed gas reservoir and an output device. In use, a compressed gas is supplied to the/each chamber from the reservoir, the buoyancy of the gas applying an upward force to a portion of the chamber, the upward force moving at least a portion of the chamber from a first position to a second position, the movement of the at least a portion of the chamber adapted to drive the output device to provide a continuous apparatus output. In at least one embodiment of the invention, heat is extracted from the compressed gas for utilization in local heating systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Inventors: Mark Gibson, Kennedy Ferguson, Donald Briggs
  • Publication number: 20140208736
    Abstract: A device which utilizes buoyancy and draws all or a majority of the energy required to make it function from gravity and is able to convert more of that energy into usable force than is required to operate the device
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventor: Marshall Anlauf Thompson
  • Publication number: 20140197642
    Abstract: An apparatus which generates electric power from a combination of gravity forces and the inherent buoyancy of the collapsible and expandable bellow skit chamber body immersed in a fluid thus the amount of buoyancy a object has is based on the liquid the object displaces and the weight of the said collapsible chambers in the present invention, the said machine changes the size/buoyancy of the submersed bellow chambers using only gravity as energy source, as the said motor is operating under the principle of both gravity and buoyancy comprises a vertically disposed conveyer immersed in fluid changing the size of the said bellow chambers that operates continuously 24/7, and can be tailored to the requirement thus this present invention can be implemented on high rise building and large commercial establishment or a residential home including the large suburban water towers and produces zero pollution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2013
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Inventor: Arvind A. Daya
  • Patent number: 8756932
    Abstract: This is an energy or electricity generation process or system that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy comprised of a design using gas or air, liquid or water and solids in high, rectangular and sealed chambers where specially designed mainly solid, spherical, buoyant bodies, objects or devices circulate up and down using the full potential of gravity to drop down, activate a mechanism to initiate an alternator in one chamber and then employ the process and power of buoyancy in water in another chamber to lift back up to its original point at the top to start all over again circulating continuously wherefore supplying energy continuously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Inventor: Jay Pirincci
  • Patent number: 8713933
    Abstract: An apparatus and process for capturing mechanical work from the kinetic energy of a moving vessel driven by buoyancy and gravitational forces. The apparatus comprises a moving vessel, gas compression means, force transfer means, a conduit, and a force recovery means. In use, the submerged moving vessel receives compressed gas, generating a buoyancy force in the moving vessel. As the moving vessel rises in water and approaches the top of its upstroke, the moving vessel releases the gas, causing the moving vessel to sink. A first component of the buoyancy force is transmitted from the moving vessel, through the force transfer means, to the gas compression means, where it compresses gas. The compressed gas is channeled through the conduit into the charging valve while the moving vessel sinks. The charging valve releases the compressed gas from the conduit into the moving vessel, and the moving vessel's vertical oscillation cycle repeats.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Buoyant Energy, LLC
    Inventor: David M. Propp
  • Patent number: 8701403
    Abstract: A system and method for generating energy from the tuning masses relative to a ground plane and an external force. In some embodiments the external force is the action of the waves. The system has a first mass movable relative to the ground plane, wherein the external force induces an oscillation in the first mass relative to the ground plane. A second movable mass is carried by and movable relative to the first movable mass. The second movable mass creates kinetic energy as the result of varying the position of the second movable mass relative to the first mass. The system adjusts or tunes the frequency of various components in relation to the natural frequency of the waves. The second mass can move relative to the first mass by various methods including rolling on a track or pendulum. The energy created by the relative motion can be converted to various forms of energy including electrical energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Gwave LLC
    Inventor: Glenn L. Beane
  • Patent number: 8667798
    Abstract: A method for generating energy from low-density fluids is provided. The method includes placing a first object in a first portion of fluid having a first density, injecting low-density fluids into the first portion of fluid in order to reduce the density thereof to a second density less than the density of the first object and thereby induce buoyancy-dependent translation of the first object in response thereto, and generating energy based upon buoyancy-dependent translation of the first object. Related apparatuses and systems are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Hopper Energy Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Leon Hopper, Stephen Dorozenski, Jeffrey Barnett
  • Patent number: 8646267
    Abstract: An underwater air or gas powered apparatus utilizes the buoyant force of water to generate power in the form of work or electricity. Air bags are spaced circumferentially around the perimeter of a rotary member immersed in water and are alternately inflated and deflated in a sequence enabling buoyant forces to rotate the rotary member. A generator is coupled to the rotary member for generating power in response to rotation of the rotary member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Inventor: Edward A. Pedziwiatr
  • Publication number: 20130318960
    Abstract: A buoyancy power generating apparatus includes: a tank adapted to receive liquid therein; a buoyancy mechanism disposed in the tank and including a bladder support and a bladder supported on the bladder support; a vertical support disposed outwardly of the tank; a weight unit supported movably on the vertical support; and a transmission coupled to the buoyancy mechanism and the weight unit so that the weight unit can be driven by the bladder to move upwardly during upward movement of the bladder and that the weight unit can be moved downwardly by gravity when the bladder is deflated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: China Green Energy Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Ming-Chin Chiu
  • Patent number: 8596059
    Abstract: A method for generating rotational movement including supporting an output shaft for rotational movement wherein the output shaft includes at least two one-way clutch mechanisms attached thereat; positioning an infton assembly, having a weighted member and an inflatable bladder, in association with each one-way clutch mechanism such that each infton assembly is surrounded by a buoyancy fluid; and controlling inlet and outlet valves of the infton assembly such that each inlet valve is opened to facilitate flow of a filling fluid having a density less than that of the buoyancy fluid into the respective inflatable bladder as the respective weighted member reaches a lower limit of travel and each outlet valve is opened to facilitate exhausting of the filling fluid within the respective inflatable bladder as the respective weighted member reaches an upper limit of travel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Inventor: Juan Ernesto Camacho Muñoz
  • Patent number: 8516812
    Abstract: An apparatus for the production of energy includes a vertical pipe filled with a liquid. A second similar pipe is connected to the first pipe near its top end above the top of the liquid. Hollow spheres each fit within the first pipe and float. This second pipe allows downward passage of spheres lifted into the second pipe by a sphere-lifting mechanism. A platform close the bottom of the apparatus sits in a position to be impacted by the sphere. The platform moves in response to the impact and is brought to a stop and then returned by spring action. A rotatable flywheel turns with movement of the platform. A sphere injector then injects a sphere into the first pipe and it floats to the top by its buoyancy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Inventor: David Chacko Manakkattupadeettathil
  • Patent number: 8456027
    Abstract: A hydro-mechanical system and method for generating power employs an upright elongated fluid vessel containing a fluid. A rotatable drive having a drive shaft is mounted to the fluid vessel for providing a power output through the drive shaft. A pair of buoyancy vehicles are located within a vehicle section of the vessel and are each coupled by a flexible coupling to the rotatable drive. A pressurized gas chamber that is coupled to a pressurized gas source is used to charge the buoyancy vehicles through a pair of charging valves to move the buoyancy vehicles within the vehicle section thus driving the flexible coupling and rotatable drive. A pair of gas of release valves are also provided for discharging gas from the vehicle when buoyancy vehicle is vehicle is located at the uppermost position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Inventor: Joseph Wesley Seehorn
  • Patent number: 8453443
    Abstract: An engine for converting thermal energy to kinetic energy is provided. The engine includes a body of fluid having a first zone and a second zone, a thermal energy source thermally connected to the first zone for providing thermal energy thereto, and a thermal energy sink thermally connected to the second zone for removing thermal energy therefrom such that the first zone has a temperature greater than the second zone. The engine further includes a movable loop, which extends between the first zone and the second zone, and a plurality of containers which are positioned in the body of fluid and attached to the loop such that the loop and the containers move conjointly between the first zone and the second zone. Each of the containers expands to a first volume when it is in one of the first and second zones, and contracts to a second volume when it is in the other one of the first and second zones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Inventor: Seong Woong Kim
  • Patent number: 8453442
    Abstract: A power generator which generates power using the force of air rising in water. A plurality of containers are connected to a chain which in turn is connected to two gears. An air compressor produces air bubbles to be released into the containers which rotate to the surface of the water around the chain. The rotating containers cause the chain to rotate two gears which transforms rotational energy into electrical energy by a generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Inventor: Michael Dinh Tran
  • Publication number: 20130081388
    Abstract: A system for controlling the submersion of a floating section/body of a wave power plant includes a pump connected to a compressible fluid accumulator and a ballast chamber. The pump is arranged to pump compressible fluid from the ballast chamber to the accumulator. The system further includes an opening in a wall of the ballast chamber that enables the ballast chamber to let in seawater. Furthermore, the pump is powered by wave energy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2010
    Publication date: April 4, 2013
    Applicant: PURENCO AS
    Inventors: Ingvald Straume, Arild Viste
  • Publication number: 20130076039
    Abstract: A wave power plant is configured to convert energy from a wave motion in a fluid, particularly sea water, into a rotation or rotational energy. The particles of the fluid describe a circulating orbital flow beneath the wave surface, and the kinetic energy of which is converted, at least partially, into rotational energy of one or several crankshafts. At least one resistance element and at least one buoyancy element are arranged on each crankshaft so that various coupling elements are combined.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2011
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Applicant: ROBERT BOSCH GMBH
    Inventors: Benjamin Hagemann, Nik Scharmann
  • Patent number: 8397496
    Abstract: In accordance with various aspects of the present invention, a method and system for a buoyancy engine is presented. In an exemplary embodiment, the buoyancy engine includes a divider to separate a liquid environment from a gas environment, and a reservoir aperture in the divider. A rotating element, approximately opposite the reservoir aperture, provides tension to, and helps rotate, a segmented chain. The segmented chain is configured to form a solid inner surface when transitioning between the liquid and gas environments, but separate during vertical travel. As the segmented chain travels between the liquid and gas environments, a rotary motion is created which can be captured as electrical or mechanical energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Inventor: Joshua W Frank
  • Publication number: 20130036731
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a module for recovering energy contained in marine and fluvial currents comprising: at least one hydrodynamic float (1), at least one energy generator comprising at least one turbine (8) provided with blades, at least one holder (2) of the power generator, at least one cable or buoy rope (4) tethered to at least one attachment point (6) on the module and attached to a mooring (5) for positioning the module in the direction of the current and in a predetermined space, characterized in that said module includes at least one ballasted keel (3) providing module stability, and in that said power generator is kept under the float (1) by the support (2) in such a manner that the height which separates the end of the keel (3) from the axis of rotation of the turbine (8) is at least 20% of the height (h2) between the axis of rotation of the turbine (8) and the lower surface of the float (1). The invention is used for recovering energy from marine and fluvial currents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2011
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventor: Yves Kerckove
  • Patent number: 8365524
    Abstract: A method for generating energy from low-density fluids is provided. The method includes placing a first object in a first portion of fluid having a first density, injecting low-density fluids into the first portion of fluid in order to reduce the density thereof to a second density less than the density of the first object and thereby induce buoyancy-dependent translation of the first object in response thereto, and generating energy based upon buoyancy-dependent translation of the first object. Related apparatuses and systems are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: Hopper Energy Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Dorozenski, Leon Hopper, Jeffrey Barnett
  • Patent number: 8344531
    Abstract: A number of electrical energy generating assemblies, such as assemblies 10, 240, and 400 which are disposed within a pipeline 12 or in close proximity to the inlet 11 and/or outlet portion 125 of the pipeline 12 and which are adapted to selectively generate electrical energy by use of the material 18 which normally flows through the pipeline 12 according to a certain process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Inventors: John Gerard Chupa, Subramaniam Ganesan
  • Patent number: 8336307
    Abstract: A high torque output drive system includes a fluid tank that stores a fluid, an array of weighted members disposed in series such that leading and trailing subarrays thereof are respectively placed along left and right running routes in the fluid tank, upper and lower direction reversing guide units respectively defining upper and lower guide routes each of which interconnects the left and right running routes, a fluid pump operable to move the fluid such that levels of the fluid in left and right columnar regions of the fluid tank are variable to result in generation of a buoyant force for lessening the weight of the trailing subarray so as to induce synchronized downward and upward movements of the leading and trailing subarrays, and a force-output shaft coupled to the weighted members by a gear train unit and revolvable to provide a high torque for a desired end use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Inventor: Wu-Ere Teng
  • Publication number: 20120317970
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a plant for recovery and conversion of kinetic energy in bodies of water to mechanical or electrical energy. The plant comprises a float (3), a pump, a weight (10), one or more buoyancy regulators (11), an accumulator tank (14) and a turbine (15), where the pump is composed of a double-acting cylinder pump (6, 7), where a stationary outer sleeve (7) is connected with a water anchor (8), to which a water anchor (8) a weight (10) and the buoyancy regulator(s) (11) are connected, where a movable inner sleeve (6) is connected to the float (3), in order thereby to provide a relative movement between the stationary sleeve (7) and the movable inner sleeve (6) when the float (3) is moved in the bodies of water, where the float (3) is connected via mooring lines (4) with a moored surface buoy (2), so that the float (3) is arranged with a long side against incoming waves (5).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2010
    Publication date: December 20, 2012
    Applicant: INTENTIUM AS
    Inventor: Lars Edvardsen
  • Publication number: 20120297760
    Abstract: A method for generating energy from low-density fluids is provided. The method includes placing a first object in a first portion of fluid having a first density, injecting low-density fluids into the first portion of fluid in order to reduce the density thereof to a second density less than the density of the first object and thereby induce buoyancy-dependent translation of the first object in response thereto, and generating energy based upon buoyancy-dependent translation of the first object. Related apparatuses and systems are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Applicant: Hopper Energy Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Dorozenski, Leon Hopper, Jeffrey Barnett