Having Fluid Flow Or Wave Controlling, Confining Or Directing Means Patents (Class 60/502)
  • Patent number: 10774819
    Abstract: A system for cyclically lifting a large volume of water includes a piston plate having first and second sides. The water to be lifted exerts a water pressure on the second side of the piston plate, while compressed air held in a pressurized tank exerts an air pressure on the first side of the piston plate. The resultant pressure differential ?p is such that the piston plate is biased to move in a particular direction. A force actuator is provided that periodically exerts a force F on the piston plate to overcome the bias of ?p and thereby lift the volume of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2020
    Assignee: Dualcore Energy, Inc.
    Inventor: Ernest William Townsend, IV
  • Patent number: 9222457
    Abstract: According to embodiment of the disclosure, a wave energy harvesting system comprises a water wave band gap structure (WWBGS) and one or more energy conversion devices. The water wave band gap structure (WWBGS) comprises an array of posts with one or more missing posts that define a defect cavity. The one or more defect cavities are configured to concentrate energy of water waves. The one or more energy conversion devices are positioned in or adjacent to one of the one or more defect cavities and are configured to convert the energy from the water waves into another form of energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Delmar L. Barker, Darrick M. Buban, Michael J. Broyles
  • Patent number: 8966899
    Abstract: A system includes at least one body, a link for suspending the body for movement with gravity from a first elevation position to a second elevation position, and an electrical energy generator coupled with the body through the link to drive the generator to generate electricity upon movement of the body with gravity from the first to the second elevation position. The at least one body has a mass of at least approximately 100 tonnes; the first and the second elevation positions define a distance therebetween of at least approximately 200 meters; and/or the system further includes an operator configured to operate the link to controllably move the at least one body against gravity from the second to the first elevation position to increase a gravitational potential energy of the at least one body, and to maintain the gravitational potential energy of the at least one body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Launchpoint Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: O. James Fiske
  • Publication number: 20150033731
    Abstract: Provided is a buoyancy engine that generates power by using buoyancy acting on an object inside a liquid such as water. When a part of moving bodies 5 located in a liquid accumulated in an ascending passage P1 ascend by buoyancy, the plurality of moving bodies 5 arranged in series in a circle in a circulation passage move in a circulating manner while being pushed by the moving bodies 5. Since a sealing portion 40 provided at the lower side of the ascending passage P1 seals a gap between the moving body 5 and the inner wall of the circulation passage, the liquid accumulated in the ascending passage P1 does not instantly leak to a lower passage P8. Accordingly, the liquid is continuously accumulated in the ascending passage P1 to a certain degree, and the moving bodies 5 continuously move in a circulating manner in the circulation passage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Applicants: Hiruta Corporation
    Inventors: Kunji KUROSAWA, Young Song KIM
  • Patent number: 8925313
    Abstract: A device that converts wave energy to electrical or chemical energy includes a buoy adapted to float on a water surface, a venturi tube, and a rigid or flexible means of connecting the buoy and the venturi tube. The venturi tube defines a lumen through which water flows downwardly when the buoy moves upwardly and upwardly when the buoy moves downwardly. A constriction is formed in the lumen to create a venturi effect for water flowing upwardly and downwardly through the lumen. A turbine is positioned in the lumen at the constriction where water flow is at a maximum rate. The turbine is connected to a generator so that the venturi effect is harnessed to generate power. Multiple embodiments are included.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Inventor: Brian Lee Moffat
  • Patent number: 8904778
    Abstract: A wave energy converter (WEC) having an asymmetrically shaped float and a spar which move relative to each other in response to the waves. The asymmetrical float has one side longer than the other. A power take off device (PTO) is coupled between the asymmetric float and the spar for converting their relative motion into useful power. Apparatus is coupled to the WEC for: (a) orienting and rotating the longer side of the float to face and receive oncoming waves to increase energy capture when the waves have an amplitude below a predetermined value for improving the power generation of the WEC; and (b) rotating the float to orient the narrower side of the float to face and receive the incoming waves when the waves have an amplitude above a predetermined value, so as to reduce the forces to which the WEC is subjected. There is no known WEC system with an asymmetrical float which is raised and lowered by the waves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Ocean Power Technologies, Inc
    Inventors: James S. Gerber, George W. Taylor
  • Patent number: 8893492
    Abstract: An underwater wave energy converter (WEC) (10) has a piston (32) that reciprocates up and down as recurring waves (22) pass over. Downward motion of the piston (32) drives the rods or plungers (50b) of a multiplicity of hydraulic jacks (50) to pressurize hydraulic fluid in an energy conversion system. Ultimately, the energy conversion system powers one or more hydraulic motors (511, 512) that drive an electric generator (510) or multiple generators. A sensor system (25) detects characteristics of in-coming waves such as by detecting changes in pressure as in-coming waves (22) pass over the sensor system (25). The sensors can be mounted on the ocean floor seaward from the WECs (10), and a control computer system (231) calculates characteristics of the in-coming waves such as wave height and speed data, and uses the data to control aspects of the WECs (10) and other components of the energy conversion system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Inventor: Frank Louis Stromotich
  • Publication number: 20140230427
    Abstract: By optimizing the degree to which water is accelerated through a venturi device, the amount of power that an energy device extracts from the ocean is maximized. Prior venturi-based wave energy devices have proven to be inefficient because of the relatively small amount of power that they generate relative to their size and cost. By optimizing the venturi effect created within the submerged venturi components of such devices, the speed of the water moving through the narrowest portions of such a devices is maximized with respect to the wave environments in which they operate, and a maximal amount of energy is extracted from the ocean. This optimization of a wave energy device's power is sufficient to render such devices cost effective. The method of extracting energy from the accelerated flow of water moving through such venturi devices is not limited, and many alternatives exist, each with its own potential benefits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2014
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Inventor: BRIAN L. MOFFAT
  • Publication number: 20140157767
    Abstract: A free floating wave energy converter includes a flexible pine and an inlet. The flexible pipe floats on water surface, following the wave form. Slugs of water and air enter, one after the other, through the inlet. Because the flexible pipe follows the shape of the wave, water is transported through a manifold to a pressure chamber connected to a generator. The inlet consists of hollow, inflexible pipe attached to the throat of the flexible pipe. The inflexible pipe is fixedly attached to a buoyancy tank or plurality thereof. The buoyancy tanks are arranged in a vertical plane or in tandem, with the inflexible pipe passing along the plane vertical to the fore and aft axis of the buoyancy tank and the frontward portion projecting sufficiently ahead of the buoyancy tank with the flexible pipe terminating at a singular outlet.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2012
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventor: Syed Mohammed Ghouse
  • Patent number: 8733093
    Abstract: In this invention, high-efficiency wind power generators are mounted on floats that are attached to bridge and other structures for generating electricity from hydrokinetic energy in water waves, currents and tides without submerging the wind power generators in the water. The use of bridge and other dual-use structures substantially reduces the capital cost necessary for installing this system to generate electricity in small as well as large amounts. Today, the systems for converting wind energy to electricity are far more advanced and efficient than existing systems for converting hydrokinetic energy. This invention could produce energy for water-transport vessels as well as for electric utilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Inventor: Paul M Swamidass
  • Publication number: 20140075932
    Abstract: A wave power converting device includes a platform, a plurality of first and second fluid guide assemblies and floating assembly. The platform has a retaining post anchored to an underwater ground. The first and second fluid guide assemblies are disposed underwater so that the water could flow into the first and second fluid guide assemblies. The floating assembly could be moved up and down relative to the platform so as to press the water upwardly through the first and second fluid guide assemblies to a reservoir. Under this arrangement, the energy potential of the water in the reservoir can be converted into electrical power.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2013
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Inventor: Yun-Chang Yu
  • Publication number: 20130333372
    Abstract: In this invention, high-efficiency wind power generators are mounted on floats that are attached to bridge and other structures for generating electricity from hydrokinetic energy in water waves, currents and tides without submerging the wind power generators in the water. The use of bridge and other dual-use structures substantially reduces the capital cost necessary for installing this system to generate electricity in small as well as large amounts. Today, the systems for converting wind energy to electricity are far more advanced and efficient than existing systems for converting hydrokinetic energy. This invention could produce energy for water-transport vessels as well as for electric utilities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2013
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Inventor: Paul M. Swamidass
  • Patent number: 8601808
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, a Hydrokinetic & Wind Energy Harvester, placed in a wave-swash zone or in a flowing stream captures energy through water turbines and a wind turbine. A funnel guides water to converge and impinge on water turbines housed in a pipe. A trash guard attached to the funnel prevents trash from entering the pipe. A rotational transmission-system with one-way clutches transmits torque to an alternator to generate electricity. Flywheels maintain steady rotation of alternator shaft. A buoyancy chamber at the bottom produces reduction of weight of the unit in water, thereby enhances maneuverability of unit in water. Stabilization tank at the top when filled with water provides extra weight and stability against sliding and overturning of the unit in its operating location. An energy farm combines the energy of several units linked together; in coastal water, units form a seawall-like barrier mitigating coastal erosion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Inventor: Erat S. Joseph
  • Patent number: 8464527
    Abstract: A float structure for a WEC is designed to have a tapered underside to reduce the impact due to wave slam and bending moments while providing little reduction in the surface area responding to the wave surface in order to maintain the beneficial power generating capability of a “flat” float. The underside of the float presents an inverted wedge section to decrease loads associated with wave slamming. The float may have a generally toroidal or elliptical configuration at and about the “still” water line with the generally submerged underside of the float having a cross section shaped to have one or more inverted triangular sections extending between the outer perimeter of the float and its center to reduce impact loading due to wave slamming while maintaining power producing capability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Ocean Power Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: James S. Gerber, Christopher Thomas Phelan, Wei Qiu, Donald Smith Spencer
  • Patent number: 8459020
    Abstract: Highway bridge supporting structures that stand in large bodies of water are usefully employed in a novel manner in this invention to inexpensively extract energy from the water under the bridge using new and established apparatus. Alternate energy producing systems from water waves, currents and tides suffer from cost disadvantages incurred in designing and erecting expensive structures that hold them firmly on the ground under the water against fierce wind and water forces. This invention ingeniously uses existing or new bridge structures for mounting water-borne-energy to electricity conversion systems at much reduced cost. The invention will make water energy conversion systems more affordable and will turn existing and new bridge supporting structures into dual-use systems that can not only support bridge decks above but also produce useful renewable energy from the water below; today, bridge structures are not used in this manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Inventor: Paul M Swamidass
  • Patent number: 8429910
    Abstract: A wave energy converter includes a flexible pipe and an inlet. The flexible pipe floats on the water surface, following the wave form. Slugs of water and air enter, one after the other, through the inlet. Because the flexible pipe follows the shape of the wave, water is transported through a manifold to a pressure chamber connected to a generator. The inlet consists of a hollow, inflexible pipe attached to the throat of the flexible pipe. The inflexible pipe is fixedly attached to a buoyancy tank or plurality thereof. The buoyancy tanks are arranged in a vertical plane or in tandem, with the inflexible pipe passing along the plane vertical to the fore and aft axis of the buoyancy tank and the frontward portion projecting sufficiently ahead of the buoyancy tank with the flexible pipe terminating at a singular outlet. The entire apparatus is facing towards the oncoming waves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Inventor: Syed Mohammed Ghouse
  • Patent number: 8341957
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, a portable wave-swash & coastal-wind energy harvester, placed on a sea coast in swash zone captures energy contained in coastal waves and in coastal-wind through the utilization of wave turbines, wind turbines, and wave floats. Wave-float levers carrying wave floats and wave turbines, swing and maintain lower halves of wave turbines below water always. A gear system with one-way clutches transmits torque to an alternator to generate electricity. Flywheels maintain steady rotation of alternator shaft. A buoyancy chamber at the bottom produces reduction of weight of the unit when buoyancy chamber is emptied of water, and thereby enhances maneuverability of unit in water. Stabilization tanks at the top when filled with water provide extra weight and stability of the unit in its operating location. Units linked together in an energy farm combine their energy while forming a seawall-like barrier offering protection against coastal erosion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Inventor: Erat S. Joseph
  • Patent number: 8166760
    Abstract: A system includes at least one body, a link for suspending the body for movement with gravity from a first elevation position to a second elevation position, and an electrical energy generator coupled with the body through the link to drive the generator to generate electricity upon movement of the body with gravity from the first to the second elevation position. The at least one body has a mass of at least approximately 100 tonnes; the first and the second elevation positions define a distance therebetween of at least approximately 200 meters; and/or the system further includes an operator configured to operate the link to controllably move the at least one body against gravity from the second to the first elevation position to increase a gravitational potential energy of the at least one body, and to maintain the gravitational potential energy of the at least one body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2012
    Assignee: Launchpoint Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: O. James Fiske
  • Publication number: 20120006015
    Abstract: A method for generating power by converting the vertical movement of floats in one or more reservoirs is provided. Each reservoir has an inlet and an outlet. A float is disposed in each reservoir. A shaft is connected to each float. Controls are provided for actuating inlet and outlet gates to cause water to flow into and out of each reservoir via its corresponding inlet and outlet, respectively. As a result, the flowing water moves each float in a vertically oscillating manner to rotate the shaft at an output rate suitable to generate usable power.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2010
    Publication date: January 12, 2012
    Inventor: Jack Alexander McGillis
  • Publication number: 20110254271
    Abstract: A tidal flow turbine system has a rotor and turbine blades attached at a fixed attitude with respect to the rotor and extending outwardly from the rotor. The stagger angle of the blades, tip speed ratio, or other blade parameters is such that over the in-service operational speed range of the turbine, over a lower range of rotational or tidal flow speeds, increased speed results in increased axial loading on the turbine, but at higher speed range above a predetermined threshold, axial loading on the turbine does not increase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2009
    Publication date: October 20, 2011
    Inventors: Christopher Freeman, Christopher Williams
  • Patent number: 8035243
    Abstract: A system to harness energy from water waves, comprising a frame assembly, first and second hydraulic systems, at least one float assembly, and an electrical assembly. The float assembly comprises front, rear, bottom, top, and first and second lateral faces. The float assembly further comprises a trailing face. The trailing face and the rear face merge to define an edge. The float assembly is mounted onto the mounting plate. The float assembly is placed in a body of water that comprises wave forces. The electrical system comprises a generator. The generator produces electricity when driven by the hydraulic motor when hydraulic fluid is displaced and pressurized within a hydraulic system when the wave forces cause the float assembly to move when in the body of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2011
    Assignee: Matter Wave Technologies, LLC.
    Inventor: Manuel Constanzo Mesa
  • Publication number: 20110187102
    Abstract: An ocean wave energy system is for generating power from ocean waves. The system comprises wall components defining one or more channels for guiding propagation of ocean waves therealong. Each channel has a first end for receiving the ocean waves and a second end remote from the first end. A float arrangement is disposed along each of the one or more channels between its first and second ends. Moreover, the float arrangement being arranged in size to progressively absorb energy from the ocean waves commencing with longest wavelength components in the waves and finishing with shortest wavelength components in the waves. The ocean wave energy system is capable of extracting energy efficiently and conveniently from ocean wave motion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2008
    Publication date: August 4, 2011
    Applicant: Ocean Wave Rocker AS
    Inventor: Thorbjorn Sirseth
  • Publication number: 20110120109
    Abstract: A power generator is provided having one or more reservoirs. Each reservoir has an inlet and an outlet. A float is disposed in each reservoir. A shaft is connected to each float. Controls are provided for actuating each inlets and outlet to cause water to flow into and out of each reservoir via its corresponding inlet and outlet, respectively. As a result, the flowing water moves each float in a vertically oscillating manner to rotate the shaft at an output a rate suitable to generate usable power. Also provided are a method for generating electricity and an energy converter that converts vertical float movement into rotational energy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2009
    Publication date: May 26, 2011
    Inventor: Jack Alexander McGillis
  • Publication number: 20100263366
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the energy transformation industry, and more specifically to the device manufacturing industry for the transformation of natural alternative energies into more controllable and relatively easy to store energy. The advantages of the present equipment with respect of those of the prior art relies on that the present is of long useful life, which can extract from the waves energy that can be stored to be used at the time it is needed and with the capacity of being controlled in its application. Structurally the equipment of the present invention is characterized by comprising a float having an orifice in the center, in this orifice it is disposed firmly fastened a rigid pipe hydraulically connected at one of its ends to a hose, and at the other end to a check valve in the end immersed in the water bed; the opposite end of the hose which is hydraulically joined to the rigid pipe, the hose ends in a water tank on dry land and above the sea level average.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2007
    Publication date: October 21, 2010
    Applicant: Power Retailing Group S.A. de C.v.
    Inventor: Luis Felipe Rego Garcia De Alba
  • Patent number: 7444811
    Abstract: Wave-power device, with a plurality of floating bodies (12) arranged in at least two parallel rows for vertical movement caused by wave movements. Each floating body is connected to a generator (22) for the generating of electrical energy during the vertical movement. The floating bodies are jointed to a raft (11) which can be relocated on the water and can be moored at an arbitrary place of use. The floating bodies (12) are connected to vertical supporting bars (14), which are held between an upper lattice-like structure (15, 16) and a lower lattice-like structure (17, 18), and each of the vertical supporting bars (14) is connected to an electric generator (22).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2008
    Inventors: Asbjorn Skotte, Tov Westby
  • Patent number: 7402028
    Abstract: A pressurization device is described mobilizing gravity to mobilize seawater and to employ a weight (56) for gravitionally applying a force to and thereby pressurizing an enclosed pocket (58) of seawater, resulting in low energy utilisation. Energy is further recovered from the flow of pressurized seawater that is supplied to the desalination system (20), resulting in a mechanically robust and energy efficient pressurization system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2008
    Inventor: Shih Yi Wong
  • Patent number: 7140180
    Abstract: A wave energy converter system comprises two floats; a first being generally flat and heaving up and down in phase with passing surface waves on a body of water, and the second being elongated and heaving up and down out of phase with the passing waves. Preferably, the first float is annular with a central vertical opening therethrough, and the elongated float, with a weighted bottom end, extends vertically through the central opening of the first float. The two floats thus move out of phase with one another, thus providing a relatively large relative motion between the two floats giving rise to highly efficient energy conversion. Each float serves as a “ground” for the other; thus avoiding the need for anchoring the floats to the floor of the body of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2006
    Assignee: Ocean Power Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: James Gerber, David B. Stewart
  • Patent number: 7003947
    Abstract: A gyro wave-activated power generator utilizing wave energy which has, as a component, a control moment gyro, and which comprises a floating body (1), a control moment gyro (5) supported by the floating body, and a power generator (10) connected to the gimbal shaft of the gyro through a gearing to increase speed(9), and is characterized by the gimbal (6) of the gyro being rotated by the movement of the floating body by wave energy to drive the power generator (10) for power generation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2006
    Assignee: Japan Science and Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Hiroshi Kanki
  • Patent number: 6968683
    Abstract: This electrical power generating system is applicable in any location where wave action in blowhole shafts can be constructed in the protection of the geological formation. This system by using high efficiency manmade blowholes is capable of producing large quantities of compressed air. These blowholes are excavated into the natural geological formation by the application of conventional excavation, soil stabilization or construction tunneling methods. Waves entering these blowhole shafts generate a wave piston that compresses trapped air in the excavated blowhole shaft. The compressed air generated in these manmade blowholes is then utilized to drive air-driven motors, water pumps and turbines for running electrical generators. The air processing equipment, high pressure piping, valves, and related instrumentation are made up of standard industrial hardware. Surplus compressed air can also be utilized to run second stage air equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2005
    Inventor: Phillip Kinyon Shields
  • Patent number: 6644027
    Abstract: Apparatus for converting the motion of sea waves to electrical energy comprises at least one vertically oriented linear generator, relatively reciprocating motion of the armature and stator of which is driven by a float immersed in the sea directly below the motor armature. To protect the generator against unfavourable sea conditions, on the onset or occurrence of same, the float is moved to and held in a position in which it is clear of, or submerged, in the sea. This movement may be achieved in whole or in part by operating the linear generator as a linear motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2003
    Inventor: Hugh-Peter Granville Kelly
  • Patent number: 6389810
    Abstract: A device to convert vertical motion of waves in a body of water into useable work has hollow float (14) centrally mounted on vertical sleeve (16) sliding on fixed vertical shaft (10). Oscillations are converted into rotation via an opposing pair of pinion gears, transferring power from upstroke and downstroke respectively, by meshing with circular grooves (18) on sleeve (16). The device is protected from lateral and torsional forces of the waves by an encircling slotted wall (8). The float may be half filled with water to balance buoyancy and gravitational forces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2002
    Inventor: Nenad Nakomcic
  • Patent number: 6226989
    Abstract: A wave energy converter comprises an acceleration tube (14) attached to a buoyant body (11). An intermediate section of the acceleration tube defines a working cylinder (16), with openings in the acceleration tube above and below the working cylinder allowing unobstructed flow of water between the working cylinder and the body of water in which the acceleration tube is immersed. A working piston reciprocates in the working cylinder. A relief passage at each end of the working cylinder is controlled by the working piston to allow unrestricted flow pass the working piston when the piston moves past a predetermined position at the end of the working cylinder. An energy absorbing device (19, 20) is connected to the working piston. A restoring device (19C, 20C) is provided to apply a return force to the working piston towards the working cylinder, if and when the working piston moves past the predetermined position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2001
    Assignee: IPS Interproject Service AB
    Inventors: Gunnar Fredriksson, Anders Norén
  • Patent number: 6109029
    Abstract: An apparatus and method as seen in FIG. 2 for converting the motion of waves on a body of fluid 52 into useable energy. This apparatus employs a wave follower 20 to track the rising and falling waves. The reciprocating wave follower interacts with a driven device, such as a pump 202a or generator 202b through an optional lever arm 171 and also through a drive member such as a reciprocating shaft 26. Because the driven device is incorporated into an essentially immovable floating or fixed support member 17, work is accomplished. By increasing the work producing travel distance of the driving member, being the wave follower 20 beyond that of previous art and, in certain embodiments such as that shown in FIG. 2, and by more effectively capturing surge forces that has previous art, this apparatus is intended to produce significantly more work than other similar devices operating in the same waves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Inventors: Alan Keith Vowles, Gerald John Vowles
  • Patent number: 5808368
    Abstract: A float (3) is attached by verticle mooring lines, or cables (8), to a pivoting lever device (2) which is mounted on a submerged anchor (1). The lever device is oriented perpendicular to the shoreline, with one arm of the lever pointing shoreward and the other pointing upward. The shoreward pointing arm is almost horizontal in orientation and long enough to compensate for tidal variations. The lines (8) from the float are attached to the end of the shoreward pointing arm. Verticle pull of the float will pull upward on the shoreward pointing arm (2B) and cause it to pivot about sealed bearings (2C), which causes the upper arm of the lever device (2A) to rotate in a largely horizontal arc away from shore, thus pulling on the main drive line (7) which is attached to the end of the upward pointing arm and which leads to shore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1998
    Inventor: Clifford H. Brown
  • Patent number: 5461862
    Abstract: A system for the conversion of sea wave energy including a breakwater structure including a wave energy collector integrally formed within the breakwater structure. The energy collector collects and directs oncoming waves to an upwardly extending duct having hydraulic oil separated from seawater by a membrane for converting the wave energy into oil pressure. The wave energy collector incorporates a plurality of control valves which are electronically coupled through a computerized control system which regulate the control valves so that the optimum wave pressure is collected and transferred to the hydraulic oil. A piping system conducts the pressurized hydraulic oil to a pressure tank which is connected to a hydraulic motor which is mechanically coupled to an electric generator. The system may be combined with a solar distillation apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 31, 1995
    Inventor: Shmuel Ovadia
  • Patent number: 5405250
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for converting the motion of waves on a body of fluid into useable energy. The apparatus includes a floating or fixed rotatable support structure, a lever arm(s) pivotally supported from the support structure, and a wave follower fixed to one end of the lever arm(s) and positioned on the body of fluid. The lever arm is connected to an energy transfer device such as a piston rod which drives a load in response to the action of waves on the wave follower. The wave follower is designed such that the upper portion is constructed of a buoyant substance and the lower portion constructed in the form of a hollow chamber, open at the bottom, with the seaward face being angled so as to harness the energy of the lateral force of the wave. The open bottom of the wave follower allows the chamber to fill with fluid generally on the rise of a wave. When the fluid level drops, a suction is created in the chamber by the closing of a valve located in the upper portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1995
    Inventors: Alan Vowles, Gerald J. Vowles, Bruce Vowles
  • Patent number: 5359229
    Abstract: Apparatus for producing electrical energy from the rise and fall of waves on a body of water. A vertical column is anchored to the floor of the body of water. A buoyant, spherical float is telescopically mounted to the vertical column in a manner that allows it to rise and fall with the waves, guided by the vertical column. A drive shaft is mounted to the vertical column and above the float. A downstroke drive transfer mechanism is mounted to the drive shaft. A first cable is attached to the float and to the downstroke drive transfer mechanism. A second cable is attached to a counter-weight and to the downstroke drive transfer mechanism. As the float falls as a wave trough passes, the downward motion of the float is transferred to the downstroke drive transfer mechanism through the first cable, causing the drive shaft to rotate. The drive shaft does not rotate as the float rises. The drive shaft is connected to an electrical energy generating system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1994
    Inventor: George M. Youngblood
  • Patent number: 5230215
    Abstract: An ocean current power generation system includes a support placed on or in a state spaced apart from the ocean surface so that it is not rotated by an ocean current, a ring-like rotating member horizontally suported by the support for rotation about an axis, a plurality of ocean current-receiving members coupled in a hanging fashion to the ring-like rotating member for receiving the ocean current and rotating the ring-like rotating member at all times in a fixed direction corresponding to a direction of the ocean current, a drive gear provided on the ring-like rotating member for rotating in a concentric relation to the ring-like rotating member, a rotation accelerating gear train provided inside the support for receiving the rotation of the drive gear to accelerate its rotation, and a power generator provided inside the support and connected to the rotation accelerating gear train for receiving the accelerated rotation of the rotation accelerating gear train.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1993
    Inventor: Tsugio Nagata
  • Patent number: 5005357
    Abstract: A turbine system utilizes the ebb and flow of the natural movements of tidal wave action to generate power. Waves are allowed to enter and exit from a chamber while at the top of the chamber a narrow exit allows for air flow into an out of the chamber is response to the water flow. A turbine placed in line with the air flow has pivoting blades that allows the turbine to rotate in one direction is response to the varying air pressures. This rotating turbine can be used to produce electrical power. An additional feature is an adjustable strike disc that limits the pivoting action of the turbine blades.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 9, 1991
    Inventor: Mansel F. Fox
  • Patent number: 4914915
    Abstract: A turbine device for harvesting wave energy has a hollow vertical tube having an open top and a closed bottom. The vertical tube is located in a body of water with its bottom located beneath the surface of the body of water and its top located above the surface of the water. A hollow turbine tube having an open top and an open bottom is sized and shaped with respect to the vertical tube such that a variable portion of the turbine tube including its open bottom is located in and is movable within the vertical tube. A float for raising and lowering the turbine tube with respect to the vertical tube in response to wave motion is attached near the top of the turbine tube. Raising and lowering of the float in response to wave motion raises and lowers the turbine tube in the vertical tube. A liquid is contained in and is displaceable between the vertical tube and the lower portion of the turbine tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 10, 1990
    Inventor: Hal R. Linderfelt
  • Patent number: 4803839
    Abstract: Apparatus is disclosed for converting ocean wave motion to useable electrical energy. A float is mounted to a raft in a manner to permit movement of the float, relative to the raft, in response to ocean wave motion. An upward drive mechanism is responsive to upward motion of the float to rotate a shaft in a predetermined direction. A downward drive mechanism is responsive to downward motion of the float to rotate the shaft in the same predetermined direction. A conventional electrical generator is coupled to the shaft for converting the rotation of the shaft to electrical energy. In another embodiment the float is adapted to be dropped from an initial position above the surface of a body of water toward the water. A motor cooperates with a control assembly to lift the float from a pickup position to its initial position such that the float may again fall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1989
    Inventor: Baldassare Russo, III
  • Patent number: 4782663
    Abstract: The invention provides for the generation of electrical power from low head water, such as the flowing water of rivers or the like, the electrical power is generated by passing the water in sequence over flexible bags or membranes to displace air under the flexible bags or membranes. The displacement of the air is utilized for the driving of a power generator such as an air turbine, and smooth power flow is achieved by diverting air displaced from the underside of one membrane into the cavity under the other membrane. The water flows over the membranes in sequence so that a self oscillating system is set up with the air being displaced back and forth from the cavities, and the displacement air being used to drive the air turbine. Preferably a bi-directional air turbine such as a Wells turbine is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 8, 1988
    Assignee: Hydro Energy Associates Limited
    Inventor: Norman W. Bellamy
  • Patent number: 4776772
    Abstract: An apparatus converts the naturally occurring energy potential found in waves into a pressurized water source. The apparatus, which can be positioned in a breakwater, is comprised of a float to track the crest and trough of waves, a pump, and mechanics to drive the pump in response to the vertical movement of the float.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1988
    Inventor: Thomas D. Everett
  • Patent number: 4773221
    Abstract: Apparatus for recovering kinetic energy bound in the movement of water waves. The apparatus comprises a bouyant unit (2) and an energy-absorbing device connected to the bouyant unit. The energy-absorbing device comprises an immersed rigid piston (6) which is slideably arranged in a substantially vertical, elongate accelerating tube (1) which is intended to be immersed in the water and which is open at both ends thereof. The accelerating tube is connected to the buoyant unit (2) so as to accompany movement of the unit imparted thereto by the wave movement of the water. The working stroke (1) of the piston in the accelerating tube is limited by means of movement-limit means (8,9) incorporated in the accelerating tube and arranged to abrogate the force acting on the piston. In accordance with one suitable embodiment, these movement-limiting means comprise openings (9) arranged in the accelerating tube and co-acting with corresponding openings (8) in the piston (6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1982
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1988
    Assignee: Interproject Service AB
    Inventor: Sven A. Noren
  • Patent number: 4741157
    Abstract: A wave-activated power generating apparatus includes a generally L-shaped duct including a vertically extending portion and a horizontally extending portion and a floatable main body fixedly attached to the duct. The floatable main body is provided such that it is located rearwardly of the vertically extending portion of the duct when the apparatus is set in position floating on the water surface. The horizontally extending portion is in fluidic communication with the vertically extending portion and has an open rear end which is submerged underwater in normal operating condition. Because of the particular arrangement of the main body with respect to the vertically extending portion of the duct, the apparatus is subjected to pitching motion vigorously, which allows to obtain an increased power output. In addition, the water column is ejected in the form of a jet stream in the rearward direction, which contributes to mitigate the mooring force requirements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1988
    Inventor: Koichi Nishikawa
  • Patent number: 4720976
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for power generation which comprises a first cylinder and a second cylinder, a first float member and a second float member disposed in the first and second cylinders, respectively, and a lever arm pivotably disposed above the cylinders, the ends portions of the lever arm being operatively connected to the respective float members. The lever arm contains weight members and defines a path for guiding the weight members to traverse the lever arm between the end portions. An inlet and outlet is provided for introducing and removing water into and from the first and second cylinders, the water being supplied from a dam whereby when the water is introduced into the first cylinder and simultaneously removed from the second cylinder, the first float member is caused to rise in the first cylinder and the second float member is caused to fall in the second cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1988
    Assignee: Myung Kyoon Kim
    Inventors: Myung K. Kim, Se E. Lee
  • Patent number: 4719754
    Abstract: A wave-activated power generating apparatus in the form of a buoy includes a floatable main body provided with a vertically extending central pipe having its bottom open end opened into the water and its top open end located above the water surface when the main body floats in the water surface, an air turbine disposed at the top open end of the central pipe, a generator operatively coupled to the air turbine, and a plate-shaped guide plate fixedly attached to the main body as located opposite to and separated away from the bottom open end of the central pipe. The provision of the bottom guide plate allows to define a laterally opened circular opening between the guide plate and the bottom of the main body, through which the water moves into and out of the central pipe. This structure allows to use the present apparatus even in shallow waters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1988
    Inventor: Koichi Nishikawa
  • Patent number: 4717832
    Abstract: An improved hydroelectric system provides automatic adjustment for both tidal (reversing) and river (one way) type flow. A plurality of parallel, axial flow auger-type impellors are mounted in a horizontal plane on a floating, inverted-dry-dock type vessel that has an upper deck mounting hydroelectric generators. The vessel has no bottom beneath the impellors but has parallel with them on each side a tank for buoyancy and level and flow control. Over and under the impellors are pivoting deflectors that direct flow onto the impellors and automatically reverse and rest against appropriate bumper stops when the flow reverses, from one open end to the other open end of the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1988
    Inventor: Charles W. Harris
  • Patent number: 4698969
    Abstract: An apparatus for converting power from the wave motion of a body of water comprises a chamber with an opening for receiving waves. The chamber amplifies the amplitude of the waves. The wall of the chamber preferably has protuberance adjacent the opening for smoothing the flow of water through the opening. A float within the chamber is connected to a pump for converting the energy of the waves into useful energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1987
    Assignee: Wave Power Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Fredric Raichlen, Jiin-Jen Lee
  • Patent number: 4683719
    Abstract: A man-made floating island includes platform units above the water with vertical members extending downwardly therefrom on which movable floats are mounted which move in response to wave action. Motion of the floats operates air compressors and the resulting compressed air is either converted to transmissible energy or stored in reservoirs for future use. Wave amplifiers may be disposed beneath the movable floats.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1985
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1987
    Inventor: Bonifac Martinak