Having Load Deformable Means Between Master Working Member And Motor Thrust Means Adjusting Bias Of Manual Control Patents (Class 60/554)
  • Patent number: 11794704
    Abstract: A brake pedal device includes: a pedal bracket fixed to a dash panel; an operation pedal mechanism having a step portion rotatable with respect to the pedal bracket and in which the step portion is stepped forward of a vehicle; a rotating member having a bent portion, a front end portion, and an upper end portion, and rotatably supported with respect to the operation pedal mechanism by a rotating shaft portion at the bent portion; a connecting pin and a clevis that rotatably hold a tip portion of an operating rod projecting rearward of the vehicle from the dash panel with respect to the rotating member, at the front end portion of the rotating member; and a caulking pin that fixes the rotating member and the operation pedal mechanism, at the bent portion of the rotating member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2023
    Assignee: TOYODA IRON WORKS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Junya Abe, Takuya Katayama
  • Patent number: 10543824
    Abstract: A modular braking device for a hydraulic motor vehicle brake system, which is optimized for remote actuation, including a hydraulic booster stage with a booster housing, a main brake cylinder mounted thereon, a booster piston which is displaceable therein and delimits a pressure chamber which is supplied directly with pressure medium by a motor pump unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2020
    Assignee: Continental Teves AG & Co. oHG
    Inventors: Jose Gonzalez, Heinrich Kreh, Adrian Messner, Manfred Rüffer, Paul Wiebe, Falk Petzold, Michael Jürging, Ricardo Toquero, Lothar Schiel, Stefan Drumm
  • Patent number: 10543823
    Abstract: In order to minimize spreading, without additional parts, of connecting bolts of a pneumatic brake booster in a manner which is brought about by the deformation of a bearing surface on a booster housing before and during its assembly on a provided vehicle body part, it is proposed that the bearing surface is assigned a planar surface section in an immediately adjacent manner which is configured so as to be plane-parallel with respect to the bearing surface and so as to be axially inwardly recessed on the booster housing with a circumferential step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2020
    Assignee: Continental Teves AG & Co. oHG
    Inventors: Jürgen Faller, Juliano Muniz, Gustavo Ladeira, Fabio Gaiotto, Marcelo Ideriha, Fabio Araujo
  • Patent number: 9643585
    Abstract: Provided is a stroke simulator capable of suppressing occurrence of inclination of a piston with respect to a sliding surface formed in a cylinder. The stroke simulator includes a simulator piston which is displaced by sliding on a sliding surface formed in a first cylinder, and a first return spring which is housed in the first cylinder and applies, to the simulator piston, a reaction force which is generated by an elastic deformation of the spring under a pressing force due to a displacement of the simulator piston, and generates the reaction force which is applied to the simulator piston as a brake reaction force for a brake operating element. The stroke simulator is characterized in that a cup seal for sealing a gap formed between the sliding surface and the simulator piston is mounted in the middle in the axial direction of the sliding surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignees: Honda Motor Co., Ltd., Autoliv Nissin Brake Systems Japan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuaki Murayama, Takaaki Ohnishi, Kazuhiro Tagata
  • Patent number: 9163645
    Abstract: A vehicle brake system includes a cylinder, a master piston including a pressure applying piston and a projection portion, a servo chamber, a contact/separation determining means determining a separated state and a contact state between the input piston and the master piston, a pilot pressure generating device generating a pilot pressure, a servo pressure generating device, a servo pressure measuring device measuring a servo pressure, and a master pressure estimating means estimating a master pressure from the pilot pressure and a first servo ratio, which is a cross-sectional area ratio between a first pilot chamber and a servo pressure generating chamber, in a case of the separated state, and estimating the master pressure based on the servo pressure, the pilot pressure and a second servo ratio, which is a cross-sectional area ratio between a second pilot chamber and the servo pressure generating chamber, in a case of the contact state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: ADVICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Masaki Maruyama, Yoshio Masuda, Akitaka Nishio, Akira Sakai, Yasuji Mizutani, Kiyoyuki Uchida, Masaaki Komazawa, Yusuke Kamiya
  • Patent number: 8661812
    Abstract: A vehicle brake system includes a brake pedal unit coupled to a vehicle brake pedal. The system includes an input piston connected to operate a pedal simulator during a normal braking mode, and coupled to actuate a pair of output pistons during a manual push through mode. The output pistons are operable to generate brake actuating pressure at first and second outputs of the brake pedal unit. A hydraulic pressure source supplies fluid at a controlled boost pressure. A hydraulic control unit is adapted to be hydraulically connected to the brake pedal unit and the hydraulic pressure source. The hydraulic control unit includes a slip control valve arrangement, and a switching base brake valve arrangement for switching the brake system between the normal braking mode wherein boost pressure from the pressure source is supplied to first and second vehicle brakes, and the manual push through mode wherein brake actuating pressure from the brake pedal unit is supplied to the first and second vehicle brakes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Kelsey-Hayes Company
    Inventor: Blaise Ganzel
  • Patent number: 8272700
    Abstract: A pressure regulating valve unit 7 is configured to be electrically driven according to a detection value of a detection unit 74 adapted to detect an amount of brake application effort made by a brake operation member 5 so as to switch states of the vehicle brake apparatus between a state where a boosted hydraulic pressure chamber 9 is made to communicate with a hydraulic pressure generating source 6 while a communication between the boosted hydraulic pressure chamber 9 and a reservoir R is interrupted, a state where the communication between the boosted pressure chamber 9 and the hydraulic pressure generating source 6 is interrupted while the boosted pressure chamber 9 is made to communicate with the reservoir R, and a state where the boosted hydraulic pressure chamber 9 is disconnected from both the hydraulic pressure generating source 6 and the reservoir R.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Nissin Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jiro Suzuki, Koji Sakai, Kazuhiro Tagata
  • Patent number: 7415909
    Abstract: A support structure for a pedal of a vehicle pivotablly supports a pedal assembly (34) to a pedal bracket (38) mounted on a vehicle dash panel (6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2008
    Assignees: Mazda Motor Corporation, Kuroishi Iron Works Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Keisuke Miyoshi, Kazunori Tomonou, Takeshi Murayama, Fumihiko Nomura, Hiroyuki Utsumi, Tetsuo Hiura, Katsuhiko Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 7360360
    Abstract: A vehicle braking device includes a stroke simulator provided between a control piston of a fluid pressure booster and a brake operation member, wherein the control piston has an inner peripheral surface partially including a tapered surface with a decreasing diameter toward the front. The stroke simulator includes an input member housed in the control piston slidably in an axial direction backward of the tapered surface and connected to the brake operation member, and an elastic body interposed between the input member and the control piston and housed in the control piston. The elastic body has a cylindrical shape so as to be elastically deformed according to an action of an axial compressive force along with an advancing operation of the input member, and prevented from being deformed sequentially from the front by restraint with the tapered surface according to an increase in the axial compressive force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2008
    Assignees: Nissin Kogyo Co., Ltd., Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Tagata, Koji Sakai, Yasushi Aoki, Kenji Suzuki, Hiroshi Nakano
  • Patent number: 7267040
    Abstract: A pneumatic brake booster with short actuating travel, comprising a skirt and a pneumatic piston that are rigidly connected and slideably mounted in a sealed casing to delimit a low-pressure chamber and a variable-pressure chamber and a three-way valve arrangement that is controlled by a control rod connected at a first end to a brake pedal. The three-way valve arrangement having first and second valve seats and a valve that is applied to at least one of the first and second valve seats by a valve spring. The second valve seat being borne by a first longitudinal end of a plunger distributor while the first valve seat is borne by a first longitudinal end of a bushing slideably mounted in a sealed manner in the pneumatic piston over a defined first travel and beyond the defined travel the bushing is secured axially to the pneumatic piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2007
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Jean-Marc Attard, Chris Anderson, Raynald Sprocq
  • Patent number: 7104058
    Abstract: In a vehicle braking system, a backup piston pushes a master piston directly from behind when hydraulic pressure of a boosted hydraulic pressure chamber decreases. The backup piston has a piston body which is slidably fitted in a casing, and a pusher which is slidably fitted in the casing with a seal diameter smaller than seal diameters of the master piston and the piston body and which extends to the front end of the piston body, to push the master piston from behind. An annular input chamber communicated with a hydraulic power source is formed between the backup piston and the casing. When the pusher pushes the master piston forward, amount of volume increased in the boosted hydraulic pressure chamber is set to be substantially equal to amount of volume decreased in the input chamber. Thus, it is possible to avoid increase in the hydraulic pressure of the boosted hydraulic pressure chamber during forward movement of the backup piston, using a simple configuration with a reduced number of parts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2006
    Assignees: Nissin Kogyo Co., Ltd., Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Isao Matsuno, Kazuhiro Tagata, Yasushi Aoki, Kenji Suzuki
  • Patent number: 7083240
    Abstract: A vehicle braking system includes: a hydraulic booster which applies output hydraulic pressure of a hydraulic power source to a boosted hydraulic pressure chamber after regulating the output hydraulic pressure as a control piston operates to balance reaction force generated by hydraulic pressure of the boosted hydraulic pressure chamber with brake operating input; and a brake stroke simulator installed between the brake operating member and the control piston in order for a driver to feel operating strokes of the brake operating member. The brake stroke simulator has: an input member axially slidably housed in the control piston of a cylindrical shape and linked to the brake operating member; and an elastic body interposed between the input member and the control piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2006
    Assignee: Nissin Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Isao Matsuno, Kazuhiro Tagata
  • Patent number: 6655140
    Abstract: In a fluid pressure boosting device 1 of the present invention, a control valve 4 is composed of a supply valve 44 and a discharge valve 45, the supply valve 44 comprises an annular valve cone 46 of a poppet type and a first valve seat 7 and the discharge valve 45 comprises an annular valve cone 46 of a poppet type and a second valve seat 8. Inside a rear end portion of a primary piston 21 of a master cylinder 2, a reaction disk 57 made of an elastic material such as rubber is fitted. An input shaft 3 penetrating the control valve is arranged such that, in the inoperative state, an end thereof confronts the reaction disk 57 with a predetermined space therebetween and, in the operative state, the end comes in contact with said reaction disk 57 so that a reaction force is transmitted to the input shaft 3. The passage for discharging hydraulic fluid of the power chamber 9 is composed of annular passages 52, 53.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2003
    Assignee: Bosch Braking Systems Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Oka, Masahiro Shimada
  • Patent number: 6561075
    Abstract: A power booster for a brake system including a housing having an interior and a diaphragm separating the interior of the housing into at least two chambers. A power piston is coupled for movement with the diaphragm and includes an output member. A reaction member is coupled to the power piston, and an input member is adapted to be coupled to a movable brake pedal. An air valve assembly moves between open and closed positions to selectively admit atmospheric air into at least one of the chambers. This induces an output force on the diaphragm that is transferred to the output member of the power piston. The air valve assembly includes a portion adapted to engage the reaction member in response to an input force applied to the input member and is length adjustable between the input member and the reaction member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2003
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A. Haerr, Gary C. Fulks, Michael C. Pfeil
  • Patent number: 6542793
    Abstract: There is provided a pedal apparatus for vehicles, which comprises a pedal reaction-force addition means 4 for adding a reaction force to a pedal 1 of a vehicle, a pedal force detection means 2 for detecting a force added to the pedal 1, a pedal reaction-force control means 3 for adjusting the output of the pedal reaction-force addition means 4. During the running of the vehicle, the pedal reaction-force control means 3 performs the adjustment of a reaction force of the pedal on the basis of the driving environment of the vehicle and the driver's intention and judgement in pedal operation in the driving environment, whereby it is ensured that when the driver has no intention of operating the pedal, the driver can sufficiently place his or her foot on the pedal and that when he driver has any intention of operating the pedal, the driver can realize a smooth pedal operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2003
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takao Kojima, Kazuhiko Satou, Toshimichi Minowa, Satoru Kuragaki, Tokuji Yoshikawa
  • Patent number: 6477839
    Abstract: A hydraulic brake device for a vehicle includes a master piston, an auxiliary piston having first and second pistons, and an assisting device for assisting actuation of the master piston through the auxiliary piston. The brake pressure increase gradient in the assisting operation of the assisting device after the assisting output force of the assisting device reaches a maximum value is the same as the brake pressure increase gradient in the assisting operation of the assisting device before the assisting output force of the assisting device reaches the maximum value because the second piston of the auxiliary piston includes a large diameter portion possessing a diameter that is the same as the diameter of the master piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2002
    Assignee: Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Michiharu Nishii, Satoshi Ishida
  • Patent number: 6389812
    Abstract: A hydraulic pressure brake apparatus which smoothly adds the assistance force of a hydraulic pressure booster to a master cylinder piston after the assistance limitation by a negative pressure booster includes a negative pressure booster that assists a master cylinder piston, a hydraulic pressure booster that assists the master cylinder piston by outputting the hydraulic pressure of a hydraulic pressure pump after the assistance limitation of the negative pressure booster, and a valve mechanism that controls the assistance by the hydraulic pressure booster. A single reaction member in the form of a reaction force rubber disc is provided between the master cylinder piston and the hydraulic pressure booster to transmit the reaction force to a brake pedal via the reaction force rubber disc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2002
    Assignee: Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masaki Oishi, Hideki Yamamoto, Takashi Kurokawa, Michiharu Nishii
  • Patent number: 6367254
    Abstract: A master cylinder which includes a primary piston and a thrust piston disposed within a housing, and defines an intensifying chamber at a location rearward of the thrust piston. An input shaft has a front end which is disposed within the intensifying chamber. The thrust piston is formed with a communication path (discharge passage), and a control valve is disposed between the thrust piston and the front end of the input shaft to open or close the communication path (discharge passage). When the input shaft is driven forward under the inoperative condition shown and the pump is operated to introduce a discharge pressure from the pump into the intensifying chamber, a liquid pressure is generated in the intensifying chamber and drives the primary piston forward, generating a liquid pressure in a liquid pressure chamber. In this manner, a master cylinder can be provided which has a simple and inexpensive construction with a reduced number of parts and which is compact in size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2002
    Assignees: Bosch Braking Systems Co., Ltd., Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshiyasu Takasaki, Yasushi Mori, Mamoru Sawada, Kazuya Maki, Hiroaki Niino
  • Publication number: 20010035015
    Abstract: A hydraulic pressure brake apparatus which smoothly adds the assistance force of a hydraulic pressure booster to a master cylinder piston after the assistance limitation by a negative pressure booster includes a negative pressure booster that assists a master cylinder piston, a hydraulic pressure booster that assists the master cylinder piston by outputting the hydraulic pressure of a hydraulic pressure pump after the assistance limitation of the negative pressure booster, and a valve mechanism that controls the assistance by the hydraulic pressure booster. A single reaction member in the form of a reaction force rubber disc is provided between the master cylinder piston and the hydraulic pressure booster to transmit the reaction force to a brake pedal via the reaction force rubber disc.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2001
    Publication date: November 1, 2001
    Inventors: Masaki Oishi, Hideki Yamamoto, Takashi Kurokawa, Michiharu Nishii
  • Patent number: 6233932
    Abstract: A fully hydraulic brake power generator/master cylinder unit (10) for a vehicle brake system has a housing (12) with a bore (14) which is formed therein and in which a primary piston (16) is arranged sealingly and displaceably. Located in the bore (14) is a first pressure chamber (22), one boundary wall of which is formed by one end wall (20) of the primary piston (16). In order to actuate the unit (10), there is an input member (60) which is displaced during actuation. A hydraulic booster stage (38), which has a booster chamber (44) with an inlet for hydraulic fluid under pressure, acts on the primary piston (16). In order to improve the simulation of brake pressure feedback via the input member (60), a spring arrangement (70) is provided, with a first spring (72) and a second spring (74) which are connected in series. The spring force of the second spring (74) is detectably greater than the spring force of the first spring (72).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2001
    Assignee: Lucas Industries Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Helmut Heibel, Josef Knechtges
  • Patent number: 6052994
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a hydraulic brake apparatus for applying braking force to each wheel of a vehicle in response to depression of a brake pedal. An auxiliary pressure source is provided for pressurizing the brake fluid in the reservoir to discharge power pressure. A control piston is slidably disposed in a cylinder body ahead of a master piston to be movable in response to movement thereof, so that a regulator chamber is defined ahead of the control piston, and a rear end thereof is exposed to a pressure chamber. A first pressure receiving device is operatively connected with the control piston for applying thereto first counter brake pressure having a first pressure characteristic, with the power pressure received from the auxiliary pressure source, against the hydraulic brake pressure generated in the pressure chamber and applied to the control piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2000
    Assignee: Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masaki Oishi, Michiharu Nishii
  • Patent number: 5941071
    Abstract: A boosted braking device for a motor vehicle having a master cylinder (200) and a pneumatic booster (100). The master cylinder (200) is equipped with a primary piston (30) which receives an actuating force to increase pressure in a primary hydraulic circuit (I) which increases an increase in pressure in a secondary hydraulic circuit (II) and a secondary piston (31) which is subjected to the hydraulic pressure in the primary circuit (I). The pneumatic booster (100) is controlled by the application of an input force through which an actuation force is applied to the primary piston (30). The primary piston (30) has a hollow cylinder (200) the interior of which is in communication with the primary hydraulic circuit (I). A reaction piston (34) which slides in a leaktigth fashion inside of the hollow cylinder (200) urged toward the master cylinder by a first elastic force provided by a first elastic member (46).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 24, 1999
    Assignee: Robert Bosch Technology Corp
    Inventor: Juan Simon Bacardit
  • Patent number: 5927821
    Abstract: A hydraulic automotive vehicle brake system with an actuating assembly that is attached to the splashboard of the automotive vehicle and is operable by the vehicle brake pedal. In order to reduce the possibility of risk to the driver during a collision (especially a rear end collision), the present invention provides a system which simulates an increase volume requirement of the brake system, thus permitting increased actuating travel of the actuating assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: ITT Automotive Europe GmbH
    Inventors: Jurgen Bauer, Heinz Zingel, Peter Bohm, Peter Drott, Ulrich Knothe, Bastian Witte, Ruprecht Sinnhuber
  • Patent number: 5873296
    Abstract: A booster apparatus of a vacuum type for a brake device has a housing including therein a chamber, a diaphragm for dividing the chamber of the housing into a constant pressure chamber and a variable pressure chamber, an input shaft including a distal end, an output shaft including a proximal end, a plunger which is engageable with the distal end of the input shaft for transmitting force from the input shaft to the output shaft, a reaction disk disposed between the plunger and the proximal end of the output shaft for transmitting reaction from the output shaft to the plunger, and a valve body mounted on the diaphragm. The valve body includes a hole for slidably receiving the plunger, a recess for fixedly receiving the reaction disk and the proximal end of the output shaft which recess is larger than the plunger hole in inner diameter, and an intermediate hole portion disposed between the plunger hole and the recess.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 23, 1999
    Assignee: Tokico Ltd.
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Shirahata, Mitsuhiro Endo
  • Patent number: 5634337
    Abstract: An assembly of a pneumatic brake booster (100) and a master cylinder (200) for a motor vehicle. The pneumatic brake booster (100) has a casing (20) fixed to the bulkhead (10) of the vehicle. The casing is divided in leaktight fashion by a movable wall structure (22) into a front chamber (24) permanently connected to a source of partial vacuum and a rear chamber (26) connected selectively to the front chamber (24) or to the atmosphere by a valve means (16). The valve means (16) is actuated by a control rod (14) for actuating a push rod (28). The master cylinder (200) has a body (21) formed with at least first and second flanges (38, 38'; 40, 40'). The first and second flanges (38, 38'; 40, 40') interact with corresponding screws and nuts to fix the body (21) with the casing (20) of the booster (100). The body (21) has a bore (34) for slidingly receiving at least one piston (32) which is actuated by the push rod (28) of the brake booster (200).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1997
    Assignee: AlliedSignal Europe Services Techniques
    Inventors: Jean Pierre Gautier, Ulysse Verbo, Miguel Perez Revilla, Flavio Cobianchi
  • Patent number: 5572870
    Abstract: A brake device having a pneumatic brake booster and a master cylinder. The master cylinder operates in response to a combined actuation force derived from a boost force and an input force. The input force is applied to a control rod for opening a valve to develop a pressure differential across a partition. The pressure differential acts on the partition to develop the boost force which is transmitted through a first hydraulic piston retained in the master cylinder. A movable pneumatic piston which carries the control rod is connected to the hydraulic piston and after an initial travel during which the valve is opened acts directly on the hydraulic piston to provide a portion of said actuation force. The input of the pneumatic piston to the hydraulic piston provides a way to operate a master cylinder in response to an input force in the event of a failure of a hydraulic circuit connected to the master cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignee: AlliedSignal Europe Services Techniques
    Inventors: Philippe Castel, Olivier Castello
  • Patent number: 5487271
    Abstract: This brake-booster device comprises a pneumatic brake-booster (1) associated with a master cylinder (2). The booster comprises a movable pneumatic piston (5) bearing a valve (7) and functions according to a hydraulic reaction principle, the hydraulic piston (11) of the master cylinder comprising in fact a hollow movable cylinder (13) receiving a boost force, and a secondary hydraulic piston receiving an input force, these two forces constituting the total actuation force. A helical spring (22), exerting an adjustable resilient force, is disposed between the secondary hydraulic piston and the movable cylinder so as to permit the adjustment of the non-zero minimal value of the actuation force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 30, 1996
    Assignee: AlliedSignal Europe Services Techniques
    Inventors: Jean Pierre Gautier, Ulysse Verbo, Miguel Perez Revilla
  • Patent number: 5442917
    Abstract: A pneumatic brake booster has a thrust rod (13) guided by a sleeve (16) supported by a hydraulic piston (14) of a master cylinder (2). The thrust rod has a thrust washer (15) fixedly attached, which bears against a flat bottom of a cup (12) housing a reaction disc (11). The thrust washer is able to slide relative to the flat bottom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 22, 1995
    Assignee: Bendix Europe Services Techniques
    Inventors: Jean Pierre Gautier, Ulysse Verbo, Perez Revilla
  • Patent number: 5016520
    Abstract: The process is for adjusting the value of the jump of a brake booster, in which are movably mounted a hollow boosting piston, a control rod carrying a plunger seated in the piston and a push rod, boosting means being controlled as a result of a forward movement of the plunger and their effect being to move the piston forwards, a reaction disc being interposed between an annular front face of the piston and a rear face of the push rod, the booster being intended for actuating a master cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1991
    Assignee: Bendix Europe Services Techniques
    Inventor: Jean-Pierre Gautier
  • Patent number: 4819996
    Abstract: An automotive vehicle braking device comprises a hydraulic master cylinder (11) having at least one piston (21) for pressurization of the wheel cylinders connected thereto with hydraulic pressure and also having a vacuum brake force booster (12) inserted between the brake pedal (52) and the piston (21). The master cylinder (11) is integrated in the construction of the vacuum brake force booster (12).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1989
    Assignee: Alfred Teves GmbH
    Inventors: Juan Belart, Hans-Christof Klein
  • Patent number: 4773223
    Abstract: In the assembly of a master cylinder and an oil-hydraulic booster connected to the rear thereof, the master cylinder has an axial bore consisting of a forward, small-diameter bore section and a rearward, large-diameter bore section and the master cylinder piston in the master cylinder includes a small-diameter section slidably fitted in the small-diameter bore section of the master cylinder and a large-diameter section slidably fitted in the large-diameter bore section thereof. The forward end portion of the piston in the oil-hydraulic booster is formed smaller in diameter than the large-diameter bore section of the master cylinder and is arranged proximate the large-diameter section of the master cylinder piston in the master cylinder so as to enter the large-diameter bore section of the master cylinder when the booster piston is advanced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1988
    Assignees: Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha, Nissin Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Mitutoyo Mizusawa, Makoto Horiuchi
  • Patent number: 4724674
    Abstract: The hydraulic brake booster (12) includes a resilient member (96) disposed between an input member (94, 194, 294) and a pair of valve members (98, 101; 112) which control fluid pressure flow from an accumulator (14). When the input member (94, 194, 294) is actuated by the vehicle operator, theresilient member (96) is compressed so that the input member (94, 194, 294) moves relative to the valve members (98, 101; 112) and thus provides for greater movement of the input member (94, 194, 294) than for the valve members (98, 101; 112). The booster (12) includes a hydraulic or mechanical lockout which, in the absence of fluid pressure from the accumulator (14), eliminates the movement of the input member (94, 194, 294) relative to the valve members (98, 101; 112) so that the relative movement eliminated is not added to the valve stroke during manual operation of the booster (12).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1985
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1988
    Assignee: Allied Corporation
    Inventor: Keith H. Fulmer
  • Patent number: 4704867
    Abstract: The brake booster (12) includes a housing (30) with at least one piston (38) disposed in a bore (32) between a pressure chamber (42) and a work chamber (76). The piston (38) is disposed adjacent a valve housing (79) containing therein a valve assembly (80) and the valve assembly (80) is connected to an input assembly (72) at an end of the valve housing (79). The piston (38) includes a cam surface (78) engaged by a lever (17), the lever (17) abutting an actuator part (81) biased by a resilient spring (83) toward the lever (17). Actuation of the booster (12) effects a greater displacement of the piston (38) than the input assembly (72) and valve housing (79) because of the engagement of the lever with the cam surface (78) of the piston (38).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1987
    Assignee: Allied Corporation
    Inventor: Arthur K. Brown, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4697497
    Abstract: A hydraulic amplifier valve assembly having an input end (where, for example, a brake pedal force may be applied) and an ouput end includes a valve housing and an amplifier piston which is slidably received in the housing only along that end portion which is oriented towards the input end. The other terminal length portion of the amplifier piston which is oriented towards the ouput end continuously projects from the valve housing and carries a pressure conduit nipple and a return conduit nipple. The valve housing is a sheet metal construction formed of a plurality of interconnected elements. This housing includes an outer, rotationally symmetrical, generally cup-shaped sheet metal housing shell and a sheet metal inner cylinder sleeve which extends inside the housing shell coaxially therewith and at a radial distance therefrom, approximately over the entire length of the housing shell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1987
    Assignee: Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Gunter Leineweber, Rolf Warnecke
  • Patent number: 4693083
    Abstract: A vacuum brake force booster is provided wherein the pressure column above the immersing valve plunger of the dual valve contained in the piston chamber, in the applied position, generates a reaction force imparting to the vehicle drive the feeling of the extent of deacceleration. In addition to the valve plunger coupled to the push rod of the brake pedal, the control housing in the piston chamber is displaceable in the brake housing along with the movable wall and acts as a plunger piston. For this purpose, the control housing is sealingly passed through a wall of the master cylinder. The intermediate piston separating the two piston chambers in the master cylinder at the front side thereof facing the valve piston is provided with a rubber reaction disc. The valve plunger and the control housing or a sleeve cooperating with the control housing, in the event of a failure of one of the brake circuits, will abut the reaction disc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 1985
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1987
    Assignee: ITT Industries Incorporated
    Inventor: Hans D. Reinartz
  • Patent number: 4671066
    Abstract: A hydraulic power booster, for the actuation of a master cylinder in an automotive vehicle brake system, in which a booster piston and a brake valve are essentially arranged in parallel with the booster piston. In dependence on the actuation force applied to the brake system, a hydraulic pressure may be developed in a booster chamber which is essentially defined by a pedal-operable piston rod and by the booster piston. In order to supply at least the required absorption volume to the brake actuating devices without considerable reaction force at the brake pedal, the piston rod may be supported at the booster housing, against an actuating force. The booster piston is positively connected with the piston rod so as to enable a limited relative displacement between the booster piston and the piston rod.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1984
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1987
    Assignee: ITT Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Juan Belart
  • Patent number: 4653814
    Abstract: A power brake booster including booster pressure acting upon a booster piston and controlled by a brake valve which is actuated by an actuating element supported in the booster housing is disclosed. A travel simulator is interposed between the actuating element and the brake valve. Acting on which travel simulator is a simulator piston which is acted on by the actuating pressure in opposition to main actuating direction. The simulator piston is connected to a valve spool for the purpose of actuating the brake valve. The actuating element includes a plunger piston which projects into a booster chamber and which transmits a reaction force onto the actuating element on actuation of the power brake booster.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 1985
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1987
    Assignee: Alfred Teves GmbH
    Inventor: Jochen Burgdorf
  • Patent number: 4653382
    Abstract: A pull-type pneumatic booster comprises an elongated plunger received in a body for sliding movement along an axis thereof. A movable member is slidably received in the body and defines a low and a high pressure chamber therein. The high pressure chamber is controlled by a valve device to communicate with either of the low pressure chamber and a high pressure source in accordance with the movement of the plunger. One end portion of the plunger extends beyond the movable member into the low pressure chamber. The plunger has the other end portion of a tubular configuration. The front and rear end portions of the plunger are snugly fitted in and disposed in sliding contact with an inner surface of a tubular portion the movable member for guiding the movement of the plunger along the axis of the body. A load-transmitting means is received in the tubular rear end portion of the plunger for transmitting a reaction force applied to the output member to the input member via the plunger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1987
    Assignee: Nippon Air Brake Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hideyuki Morimoto
  • Patent number: 4642990
    Abstract: In the assembly of a master cylinder and an oil-hydraulic booster connected to the rear thereof, the master cylinder has an axial bore consisting of a forward, small-diameter bore section and a rearward, large-diameter bore section and the master cylinder piston in the master cylinder includes a small-diameter section slidably fitted in the small-diameter bore section of the master cylinder and a large-diameter section slidably fitted in the large-diameter bore section thereof. The forward end portion of the piston in the oil-hydraulic booster is formed smaller in diameter than the large-diameter bore section of the maste cylinder and is arranged proximate the large-diameter section of the master cylinder piston in the master cylinder so as to enter the large-diameter bore section of the master cylinder when the booster piston is advanced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1984
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1987
    Assignees: Nissin Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha, Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Mitutoyo Mizusawa, Makoto Horiuchi
  • Patent number: 4640097
    Abstract: A brake booster having a constant pressure chamber and a variable pressure chamber formed respectively at both front and rear sides of a power piston within a housing, characterized in that a hollow expansion body expansible axially of the power piston is disposed within the constant pressure chamber and one end of the hollow expansion body is secured fixedly to the housing while the other end of the expansion body is connected to a push rod so that the force magnifying ratio of the brake booster is varied by adjusting the internal pressure in the hollow expansion body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1984
    Date of Patent: February 3, 1987
    Assignee: Jidosha Kiki Co. Ltd.
    Inventor: Michio Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 4625516
    Abstract: A brake booster includes a housing with at least three bores to movably carry a pair of pistons and a valve assembly. A diaphragm is exposed to a fluid pressure differential to pull the pair of pistons and the valve assembly to a brake applied position wherein braking fluid pressure is generated in all three bores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1986
    Assignee: Allied Corporation
    Inventor: Robert F. Gaiser
  • Patent number: 4569201
    Abstract: A brake actuation assembly (10) and its method of assembly wherein a connecting pin (173) between a movable wall (101) and a torque tube (66) is retained by a keyway (141) in a plunger (140). The pin (173) moves in a slot (69) in the tube (66) in response to a reaction force to provide an input push rod (196) with an indication of the pressurized fluid supplied to a wheel brake (22, 24, 26, and 28).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1983
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1986
    Assignee: Allied Corporation
    Inventors: Richard T. Hendrickson, Lawrence R. Myers
  • Patent number: 4566275
    Abstract: An hydraulic booster has a boost piston which works in a bore and is subjected to boost pressure in a boost chamber to actuate a master cylinder assembly, and a control valve assembly controls pressurization of the boost chamber in response to an input load applied to a pedal-operated input member. The input member works in a bore in the boost piston and in operation, a reaction load from the master cylinder is fed back through the booster to the input member through a reducer mechanism to provide a reaction at the pedal which is not affected by the boost pressure, and the reducer mechanism is received within a recess in the boost piston, which is defined between two relatively movable parts of the boost piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1984
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1986
    Assignee: Lucas Industries Public Limited Company
    Inventor: Glyn P. R. Farr
  • Patent number: 4562696
    Abstract: A fluid pressure servomotor for automotive vehicle wheel brake system including a housing having a movable wall therein for reciprocable movement, the movable wall dividing the housing into two compartments, one on each side of the movable wall. The two compartments cooperate to produce a pressure differential on opposite sides of the movable wall that causes the wall to be moved by the higher pressure in the direction of the lower pressure. The servomotors further have a control valve operated by the operator of the vehicle that regulates the degree of vacuum or less than atmospheric pressure established at one side of the movable wall. The movable wall is usually connected with the master cylinder of the hydraulic brake system of the motor vehicle so that when a pressure differential is effective on the movable wall and hence a power movement of the wall is produced, hydraulic fluid is displaced from the master cylinder into the hydraulic fluid brake system to apply the hydraulic brakes of the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1980
    Date of Patent: January 7, 1986
    Assignee: Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yohichi Furuta
  • Patent number: 4550566
    Abstract: A brake-master cylinder provided to be actuated either by exerting thrust at one end or pulling at the other end and therefore comprising a push member for actuating the primary piston and an assisting rod intended to be pulled and protruding outwardly from one end of the master-cylinder, said piston being fitted to the assisting rod.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 5, 1985
    Assignee: Bendiberica, S.A.
    Inventors: Juan S. Bacardit, Juan V. Coll, Joaquim F. Bofill
  • Patent number: 4545206
    Abstract: For use in a brake booster of the type having a master cylinder disposed rearwardly of a booster mechanism having a power piston and in which a braking reaction force produced on an output shaft is transmitted therefrom to an input shaft through a reaction disc and a reaction transmitting member, an apparatus is provided for adjusting the magnitude of a clearance defined between the reaction disc and the reaction transmitting member. In this apparatus, the input shaft comprises a first section associated with the reaction transmitting member and a second section on which a valve seat is formed. The valve seat forms a valve mechanism disposed within a valve body for controlling the opening or closing of a passage for hydraulic fluid. The first and the second section of the input shaft are formed by separate members, both of which project toward the front shell and are connected together in a manner to permit their relative position to be adjusted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1985
    Assignee: Jidosha Kiki Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Michio Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 4535591
    Abstract: A reaction force mechanism for a brake power booster includes an elastic member (53) which forms a hydraulic pressure reaction force chamber (50) and is spaced from an end surface (17d) of an input shaft (17) by a predetermined distance (.delta.) so that braking hydraulic pressure is not immediately detected by a driver. In addition, a passage (57) normally provides communication between the hydraulic pressure reaction force chamber and a primary side pressure chamber (45) of the master cylinder, and, alternatively, provides communication between the hydraulic pressure reaction force chamber and a secondary side pressure chamber (46) of the master cylinder when no hydraulic pressure is established in the primary side pressure chamber of the master cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1983
    Date of Patent: August 20, 1985
    Assignee: Jidosha Kiki Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Michio Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 4534171
    Abstract: A hydraulic dual-circuit tandem main brake cylinder which includes at least one closed brake circuit (I) having a brake piston. This brake piston is actuated by means of the pressure fed into a pressure chamber by means of a brake control valve with a travel simulator spring. Adjoining this pressure chamber is also an auxiliary piston device, which comprises an auxiliary piston and a tappet passing therethrough and connected indirectly with the brake pedal. A highly progressive spring is fastened between the auxiliary piston and the tappet; this spring predominantly determines the pedal characteristic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1983
    Date of Patent: August 13, 1985
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Heinz Leiber
  • Patent number: 4534170
    Abstract: The power-assistance servo-motor (8) supported on a first end (9) of the master cylinder (1) incorporates a moveable wall structure (13) connected to a valve body (20), located at the other axial end of the master cylinder, by two rigid conduits (26, 27) which extend radially on the outside of the pistons (4, 5) of the master cylinder (1) and which respectively make the valve (18) communicate with each of the chambers (13, 16) of the servo-motor (8), the conduits (26, 27) passing so as to slide in a leak-proof manner through the continuous rear wall (12) of the servo-motor (8).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 1983
    Date of Patent: August 13, 1985
    Assignee: Societe Anonyme D. B. A.
    Inventor: Guy Meynier
  • Patent number: 4531370
    Abstract: A brake actuation assembly 10 having a master cylinder 12 attached to a stationary wall (14) of a vehicle and a power assist apparatus 16. Linkage 66 connects a movable wall 125 in the power assist apparatus 16 with pistons 64 and 68 in chambers 60 and 62 in the master cylinder 12. A valve 133 responds to an input from an operator to allow a pressure differential to be created across wall 125. The pressure differential moves the wall 125 while at the same time the linkage moves pistons 64 and 68 to pressurize fluid in the master cylinder 12. An adjustment mechanism 82 acts on the piston 68 to control the timing of the interruption of fluid communication between a reservoir 46 and chambers 60 and 62 as a direct function of movement of wall 125.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 30, 1985
    Assignee: The Bendix Corporation
    Inventors: Richard T. Hendrickson, Larry G. Lohraff