With Feed Back Control Patents (Class 606/38)
  • Patent number: 10278763
    Abstract: A system for controlling an electrosurgical electrode of a medical device includes a hand-held electrosurgical electrode having cutting probe. A return electrode is positioned remote from the electrosurgical electrode. An RF generator is coupled to the electrosurgical electrode and to the return electrode, and includes an RF amplifier. The RF generator generates an RF signal at a first RF power level for tissue cutting and generates the RF signal at a second RF power level greater than the first RF power level to initiate tissue cutting. A sensor monitors an electrical characteristic associated with the electrosurgical electrode. A controller coupled to the RF amplifier maintains a desired RF power output and a desired RF duty cycle at the first RF power level by adjusting a DC input voltage applied to an output stage of the RF amplifier based on the monitored electrical characteristic associated with the electrosurgical electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: SenoRx, Inc.
    Inventors: Derek J. Daw, James H. Dabney
  • Patent number: 10251694
    Abstract: An operation method of an electric power source device for operating a high-frequency treatment instrument configured to perform a high-frequency treatment on a biological tissue includes causing a high-frequency electric power source circuit to output electric power; specifying an initial state of the biological tissue; acquiring a value relating to an impedance of the biological tissue; determining an additional impedance value based on the initial state; setting a stop impedance value which is the sum of the additional impedance value and a change-over impedance value; and causing the high-frequency electric power source circuit to stop the output, if the value relating to the impedance reaches the stop impedance value after the value relating to the impedance reached the change-over impedance value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tsuyoshi Hayashida, Danilo Legaspi
  • Patent number: 10130411
    Abstract: In a method of controlling electrosurgical power delivery based on a comparison of sensed tissue impedance to various impedance threshold values, energy is delivered to tissue in a sealing cycle as a series of pulses. An initial pulse has a profile with a preset energy starting value that increases at a ramping rate to a preset end value. Sensed impedance data are monitored throughout each pulse and compared to an impedance threshold value for RF setpoint, an impedance threshold value for cumulative time, and an impedance threshold value for energy cutback. Based on sensed impedance during a pulse, the profile of a subsequent pulse can be modified. In a high impedance event that reflects low tissue presence, energy may be cutback. A sealing cycle is stopped when a cumulative amount of time with an impedance value over the impedance cumulative time threshold value reaches a sealing cycle duration limit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: Aesculap AG
    Inventors: Tim Koss, Miriam H. Taimisto, Roseanne Varner
  • Patent number: 10111703
    Abstract: This invention relates to high-frequency ablation of tissue in the body using a cooled high-frequency electrode connected to a high frequency generator including a computer graphic control system and an automatic controller for control the signal output from the generator, and adapted to display on a real time graphic display a measured parameter related to the ablation process and visually monitor the variation of the parameter of the signal output that is controlled by the controller during the ablation process. In one example, one or more measured parameters are displayed simultaneously to visually interpret the relation of their variation and values. In one example, the displayed one or more parameters can be taken from the list of measured voltage, current, power, impedance, electrode temperature, and tissue temperature related to the ablation process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: COSMAN INSTRUMENTS, LLC
    Inventors: Eric R. Cosman, Jr., Eric R. Cosman, Sr.
  • Patent number: 10098688
    Abstract: A treatment system includes a pair of holding members, a high-frequency energy output section, a heat generating section and a control section. At least one of the pair of holding members moves to the other holding member. The high-frequency energy output section and the heat generating section are provided on at least one of the holding members. The high-frequency energy output section exerts high-frequency energy to a living tissue to denature the living tissue, and collects the biological information of the living tissue. The heat generating section applies heat to it held between the holding members, generates the heat owing to the supply of the energy, and conducts the heat therefrom to denature the living tissue. The control section controls the output of the energy to the high-frequency energy output section and the heat generating section based on the biological information collected by the high-frequency energy output section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tomoyuki Takashino, Kenichi Kimura
  • Patent number: 9974607
    Abstract: Methods and systems are disclosed for treating diseased tissue by gentle heating. The method induces vasodilation on tissue disposed about an lumen having both healthy tissue and diseased tissue. The method includes coupling a probe surface to the luminal tissue at a target location and transmitting desired quantities of tissue remodeling energy from the coupled probe into each of a plurality of discrete remodeling zones in the luminal tissue so that the tissue remodeling energy heats the plurality of remodeling zones, the remodeling energy being configured to avoid muscular contraction and inhibit both acute and long-term occlusion of the lumen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: VESSIX VASCULAR, INC.
    Inventors: Corbett W. Stone, Michael F. Hoey, Rolfe Tyson Gustus, Mike Perry, Arthur G. Blanck, Linas R Kunstmanas
  • Patent number: 9966999
    Abstract: To provide a wireless power receiving device, and a wireless power transmission device capable of improving the reliability of a protection circuit while preventing breakage of a circuit element upon occurrence of any abnormality, such as overvoltage or overcurrent. A wireless power receiving device includes a power receiving coil; a rectifier unit that performs full-wave rectification of the power received by the power receiving coil and supplies the power to a load; power-receiving-side detecting unit that detects an output voltage value or an output current value from the rectifier unit; and switching unit that short-circuits one of two current paths through the rectifier unit if the value detected by the power-receiving-side detecting unit exceeds a predetermined reference value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2018
    Assignee: TDK CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tsunehiro Saen, Masahide Ohnishi, Ryo Miyazawa
  • Patent number: 9921243
    Abstract: An electrosurgical system is disclosed. The system includes a radio frequency output stage configured to output at least one radio frequency waveform and a current sensor coupled to the output stage and configured to output a first differentiated signal corresponding to a current of the at least one radio frequency waveform, the current sensor coupled to a first conditioning circuit configured to integrate the first differentiated signal to output a processed current signal indicative of the current. The system further includes a voltage sensor coupled to the output stage and configured to output a second differentiated signal corresponding to a voltage of the at least one radio frequency waveform, the voltage sensor coupled to a second conditioning circuit configured to integrate the second differentiated signal to output a processed voltage signal indicative of the voltage, wherein the first and second conditioning circuits have a substantially similar bandpass and phase response.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Assignee: COVIDIEN LP
    Inventors: Patrick J. Digmann, James A. Gilbert, David Farrell
  • Patent number: 9895056
    Abstract: An ophthalmic laser illuminator 10 includes multiple laser devices 12-16. There are at least three different wavelengths of light emitted by the multiple laser devices 12-16 and each wavelength of light emitted by each laser device is outside of wavelengths blocked by a safety filter used for surgical treatment lasers 52. A controller 18 controls the multiple laser devices 12-16. A graphical user interface 32 is operably attached to the controller 18 for allowing a user to select a plurality of light parameters for a light beam exiting the illuminator 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: Bausch & Lomb Incorporated
    Inventors: David K. Klaffenbach, Brian McCary, John Goewert, David H. Mordaunt
  • Patent number: 9750562
    Abstract: A treatment instrument includes a first clamping surface, a second clamping surface configured to cooperate with the first clamping surface and to clamp a living body tissue, a pressure application member provided on one of the first and second clamping surfaces, and configured to apply a pressure to the living body tissue in a line shape by causing the first and second clamping surfaces to relatively approach each other, and a moving mechanism provided on the first clamping surface, and configured to move the first clamping surface in a manner to apply tensile forces to the living body tissue, clamped between the first and second clamping surfaces, in directions deviating away from a direction along a line formed on the living body tissue by the pressure application member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2017
    Assignee: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yusuke Takei, Tomoyuki Takashino
  • Patent number: 9579142
    Abstract: An electrosurgical device wherein a probe is provided having one or more active tissue-contacting electrodes and one or more active non-tissue-contacting electrodes. The tissue-contacting and non-tissue-contacting electrodes can simultaneously operate in different modalities from one another or can operate in the same modality. The probe tip can include a non-conductive feature which provides a useful tool for providing physical tissue manipulations in conjunction with an electrosurgical procedure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: NuOrtho Surgical Inc.
    Inventors: Roy E. Morgan, Wayne K. Auge, II
  • Patent number: 9543750
    Abstract: A surgical generator and related method for mitigating overcurrent conditions are provided. The surgical generator includes a power supply, a radio frequency output stage, an overcurrent detection circuit in operative communication with an interrupt circuit, and a processor. The power supply generates a power signal and supplies the power signal to the radio frequency output stage. The radio frequency output stage generates a radio frequency signal from the power signal. The overcurrent detection circuit detects an overcurrent of the power signal and/or an overcurrent of the radio frequency signal. The interrupt circuit provides an interrupt signal in response to a detected overcurrent. The processor receives the interrupt signal and supplies a pulse-width modulation signal to the power supply and incrementally decreases the duty cycle of the pulse-width modulation signal in response to the interrupt signal. The radio frequency output stage may be disabled in response to the detected overcurrent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventors: Robert B. Smith, Steven C. Rupp
  • Patent number: 9504855
    Abstract: Various embodiments are directed to a method of driving an end effector coupled to an ultrasonic drive system of a surgical instrument. The method comprises generating at least one electrical signal. The at least one electrical signal is monitored against a first set of logic conditions. A first response is triggered when the first set of logic conditions is met. A parameter is determined from the at least one electrical signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: Ethicon Surgery, LLC
    Inventors: Jeffrey D. Messerly, Eitan T. Wiener, Brian T. Noyes, Jeffrey L. Aldridge, James R. Giordano, Robert J. Beetel, III, Daniel J. Abbott, Foster B. Stulen, Matthew C. Miller, Aaron C. Voegele, Jeffrey P. Wiley, Nathan J. Price, Daniel W. Price, Robert L. Koch
  • Patent number: 9498275
    Abstract: Controlling a level of electrosurgical energy provided to tissue based on detected arcing patterns or impedance changes. The drag force imposed on an electrode or blade of an electrosurgical instrument may be controlled by adjusting the level of electrosurgical energy based on the arcing patterns or impedance changes. The arcing patterns or impedance changes may be detected by sensing and analyzing voltage and/or current waveforms of the electrosurgical energy The current and/or voltage waveform analysis may involve calculating impedance based on the voltage and current waveforms and calculating changes in impedance over time. The waveform analysis may involve detecting harmonic distortion using FFTs, DFTs, Goertzel filters, polyphase demodulation techniques, and/or bandpass filters. The waveform analysis may involve determining a normalized difference or the average phase difference between the voltage and current waveforms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignee: COVIDIEN LP
    Inventors: Robert H. Wham, James A. Gilbert, Craig A. Keller, Brian L. Roberts
  • Patent number: 9456862
    Abstract: An electrosurgical generator includes an electrosurgical energy output configured to deliver electrosurgical energy to a bipolar end effector assembly in a conductive fluid environment for treating tissue. A controller having a processor is configured to control a waveform of the electrosurgical energy such that the waveform oscillates between a cut phase for initiating and sustaining tissue cutting, wherein the waveform includes a cut energy greater than the energy needed to create and sustain arcing, and a hemostasis phase, for desiccating/coagulating tissue, wherein the waveform includes a hemostasis energy less than the energy needed to sustain arcing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignee: COVIDIEN LP
    Inventors: Arlen K. Ward, Joe D. Sartor, Robert H. Wham
  • Patent number: 9381039
    Abstract: Transdermal insertion of a transcutaneous filling apparatus, for the purpose of filling a fill chamber of an implanted therapy delivery device, is monitored by measuring each impedance between pairs of electrodes of a needle of the apparatus, and comparing each to a threshold impedance; the electrodes, preferably at least three in number, are isolated and spaced apart from one another along a length of the needle. A confirmation signal is generated when at least one of the measured impedances is greater than the threshold impedance, and another is less than the threshold, the condition indicating that one of the electrodes is located within a non-conductive septum, through which the apparatus must pass to access the fill chamber. A detection circuit, which may be located in a housing of the apparatus that is attached to a proximal end of the needle, measures and compares the impedances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: Medtronic, Inc.
    Inventors: Keith A. Miesel, Scott A. Sarkinen, Emem D. Akpan, Douglas E. Hentges, Mark E. Dunlap, Darrin Schauble, Cindy Konen, Mark R. Bilitz
  • Patent number: 9289260
    Abstract: The solution of the problem to be solved is the provision of a means for determining timing both accurately and securely at which a treatment is shifted from gripping and coagulation (hemostasis or sealing) to resection by using a multifunctional treatment tool capable of exfoliation, gripping, coagulation (hemostasis or sealing) and resection of the treated region in a bipolar microwave treatment tool. A microwave surgical device control method and a device, in which the completion of coagulation (hemostasis or sealing) of tissue is detected and a microwave oscillation output is controlled by making use of the change in the direct current electric resistance value due to the reduction in the amount of water as the temperature rise of the tissue at the time of heating and coagulation of the tissue in the treated region with microwaves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION SHIGA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
    Inventors: Tohru Tani, Shigeyuki Naka
  • Patent number: 9277962
    Abstract: A method of controlling electrosurgical power delivery is based on a comparison of sensed tissue impedance to various impedance threshold values. Energy is delivered to tissue in a sealing cycle as a series of pulses. A pulse has a profile with a preset energy starting value that increases at a ramping rate to a preset end value. Sensed impedance data are monitored throughout each pulse and compared to each of an impedance threshold value for RF setpoint, an impedance threshold value for cumulative time, and an impedance threshold value for energy cutback. Based on sensed impedance during a pulse, the profile of a subsequent pulse can be modified. In the event of a high impedance event that reflects low tissue presence, energy may be cutback. A sealing cycle is stopped when a cumulative amount of time with an impedance value over the impedance cumulative time threshold value reaches a limit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2016
    Assignee: Aesculap AG
    Inventors: Tim Koss, Miriam H. Taimisto, Roseanne Varner
  • Patent number: 9265561
    Abstract: A surgical system and associated method for fusing tissue are disclosed. The system has an electrosurgical generator capable of delivering electrosurgical power, a surgical instrument, and a power control circuit. The surgical instrument is electrically connected to the electrosurgical generator and adapted to transfer electrosurgical power from the electrosurgical generator to a distal end of the surgical instrument. The power control circuit controls the delivery of radio frequency energy to tissue in contact with the distal end of the surgical instrument. The surgical system is configured to deliver radio frequency energy at a non-pulsing power to the tissue for a period of time of 3 seconds or less. The non-pulsing power has no less than 7 Watts and no more than 35 Watts, and further causes the tissue to begin to desiccate and to fuse within the period of time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: JUST RIGHT SURGICAL, LLC
    Inventors: Jenifer Kennedy, Dale Schmaltz, David Schechter, Joel Helfer, David Ross
  • Patent number: 9270202
    Abstract: An electrosurgical generator is provided. The generator includes a DC-DC buck converter configured to output a DC waveform, the DC-DC buck converter including at least one first switching element operated at a first duty cycle; a DC-AC boost converter coupled to the DC-DC buck converter and including at least one second switching element operated at a second duty cycle, the DC-AC boost converter configured to convert the DC waveform to generate at least one electrosurgical waveform; and a controller coupled to the DC-DC buck converter and the DC-AC boost converter and configured to adjust the first duty cycle and the second duty cycle to operate the at least one electrosurgical waveform in at least one of constant current, constant voltage, or constant power modes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventors: Joshua H. Johnson, Donald Tonn
  • Patent number: 9241756
    Abstract: A method for performing a medical procedure, includes, coupling a probe to tissue in an organ of a patient. Ablation energy is applied to the tissue using the probe. A model of an evolution of steam pressure in the tissue, caused by the ablation energy, as a function of time is estimated. Based on the model, an occurrence time of a steam pop event caused by the steam pressure is predicted, and the predicted occurrence time of the steam pop event is indicated to an operator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2016
    Assignee: BIOSENSE WEBSTER (ISRAEL) LTD.
    Inventors: Abraham Berger, Meir Bar-Tal, Avri Hazan, Daniel Osadchy
  • Patent number: 9168083
    Abstract: A high-frequency surgical generator including a power supply for supplying rectified electrical energy, a power oscillator for supplying a potential-free, DC current-free and DC voltage-free high frequency voltage and a control device for controlling the high frequency voltage wherein the power supply is configured as a current source for supplying a load-independent output current, such that the load-independent output current of the power supply serves as the control variable for controlling the high-frequency voltage. The target value of the load-independent output current is pre-determined by the control device. The high-frequency surgical generators configured as such achieve improved modulation capability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Assignee: ERBE ELEKTROMEDIZIN GMBH
    Inventors: Heiko Schall, Florian Eisele
  • Patent number: 9099863
    Abstract: A surgical generator and related method for mitigating overcurrent conditions are provided. The surgical generator includes a power supply, a radio frequency output stage, an overcurrent detection circuit in operative communication with an interrupt circuit, and a processor. The power supply generates a power signal and supplies the power signal to the radio frequency output stage. The radio frequency output stage generates a radio frequency signal from the power signal. The overcurrent detection circuit detects an overcurrent of the power signal and/or an overcurrent of the radio frequency signal. The interrupt circuit provides an interrupt signal in response to a detected overcurrent. The processor receives the interrupt signal and supplies a pulse-width modulation signal to the power supply and incrementally decreases the duty cycle of the pulse-width modulation signal in response to the interrupt signal. The radio frequency output stage may be disabled in response to the detected overcurrent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventors: Robert B. Smith, Steven C. Rupp
  • Patent number: 9060776
    Abstract: In accordance with various embodiments, methods for controlling electrical power provided to tissue via a surgical device may comprise providing a drive signal. A power of the drive signal may be proportional to a power provided to the tissue via the surgical device. The methods may also comprise periodically receiving indications of an impedance of the tissue and applying a first composite power curve to the tissue, wherein applying the first composite power curve to the tissue comprises. Applying the first composite power curve to the tissue may comprise modulating a first predetermined number of first composite power curve pulses on the drive signal; and for each of the first composite power curve pulses, determining a pulse power and a pulse width according to a first function of the impedance of the tissue The methods may also comprise applying a second composite power curve to the tissue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.
    Inventors: David C. Yates, Scott B. Killinger, Mark A. Davison, Gavin M. Monson
  • Patent number: 9050093
    Abstract: In accordance with various embodiments, methods to control electrical power provided to tissue via first and second electrodes may comprise providing a drive signal to the tissue via the first and second electrodes and modulating a power provided to the tissue via the drive signal based on a sensed tissue impedance according to a first power curve. The first power curve may define, for each of a plurality of potential sensed tissue impedances, a first corresponding power. The methods may also comprise monitoring a total energy provided to the tissue via the first and second electrodes. When the total energy reaches a first energy threshold, the methods may comprise determining whether an impedance of the tissue has reached a first impedance threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2015
    Assignee: Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey L. Aldridge, Scott B. Killinger, Mark A. Davison
  • Patent number: 9039696
    Abstract: The invention relates to a high-frequency surgical device for generating high-frequency energy for cutting and/or coagulating biological tissue. The high-frequency surgical device comprises an application part being electrically connectable to an electrosurgical instrument having at least one activation switch, an intermediary power circuit galvanically separated from the application part, a DC power source which, in operation, provides in the application part at least one DC voltage, a with the DC voltage source electrically connected control signal generator which, in operation, generates in the application part (10) from the DC voltage an alternating control signal with a predetermined switching frequency, and a to the control signal generator electrically connected evaluation unit being electrically connectable to the activation switch of the instrument and which, when the activation switch is actuated, transmits a with the switching frequency oscillating activation signal to the input power circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: OLYMPUS WINTER & IBE GMBH
    Inventors: Ilja Assmus, Uwe Fischer, Andreas Karrasch, Lutz Kersten, Stefan Schiddel, Timo Strauss
  • Patent number: 9039695
    Abstract: In accordance with various embodiments, methods for controlling electrical power provided to tissue via a surgical device may comprise providing a drive signal to a surgical device; receiving an indication of an impedance of the tissue; calculating a rate of increase of the impedance of the tissue; and modulating the drive signal to hold the rate of increase of the impedance greater than or equal to a predetermined constant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.
    Inventors: James R. Giordano, Scott B. Killinger
  • Publication number: 20150141981
    Abstract: A surgical instrument system includes an end effector, a generator, and a controller. The end effector includes an ultrasonic blade and at least one electrode surface. The generator provides power to the end effector. The end effector applies ultrasonic energy to tissue via the blade or RF energy to tissue via the at least one electrode surface. The controller is configured to select between one or both of ultrasonic energy or RF energy, and thereby control the generator to provide the selected one or both of ultrasonic energy or RF energy at the end effector, based on a sensed operating condition of the end effector. The controller may select between ultrasonic energy and RF energy based on whether a clamp arm is in an open position relative to the blade, based on which button is being activated, and based on whether tissue is sensed at the end effector.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel W. Price, Benjamin D. Dickerson
  • Patent number: 9028481
    Abstract: An electrosurgical generator includes an RF output stage, a DC blocking capacitor, a measuring circuit, and a sensor circuit. The RF output stage generates electrosurgical energy for application to an active electrode. The DC blocking capacitor is electrically coupled between the RF output stage and the active electrode. The measuring circuit is coupled to the DC blocking capacitor and measures the voltage across the DC blocking capacitor. The sensor circuit determines the current of the electrosurgical energy as a function of the voltage across the DC blocking capacitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventor: Robert J. Behnke, II
  • Patent number: 9028482
    Abstract: An electrosurgical system and method for performing electrosurgery is disclosed. The electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical generator adapted to supply electrosurgical energy to tissue. The electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical instrument, such as an electrosurgical antenna, knife, forceps, suction coagulator, or vessel sealer. The disclosed system includes an impedance sensor, a controller, dynamic impedance matching network, and an electrosurgical energy generator. The dynamic impedance matching network includes a PIN diode switching array configured to selectively activate a plurality of reactive elements. The disclosed arrangement of reactive elements provides real-time impedance correction over a wide range of impedance mismatch conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventor: George J. Collins
  • Patent number: 8986302
    Abstract: A surgical device control circuit. The control circuit may comprise a first circuit portion comprising at least one first switch. The first circuit portion may communicate with a surgical generator over a conductor pair. The control circuit may also comprise a second circuit portion comprising a data circuit element. The data circuit element may be disposed in an instrument of the surgical device and transmit or receive data. The data circuit element may implement data communications with the surgical generator over at least one conductor of the conductor pair.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey L. Aldridge, Eitan T. Wiener, James R. Giordano
  • Patent number: 8968295
    Abstract: A circuit for controlling the discharging of stored energy in an electrosurgical generator includes a pulse modulator which controls an output of a power supply. At least one comparator is configured to provide an error signal to the pulse modulator based on a comparison between an output signal generated by the power supply and a feedback signal generated in response to the application of energy to tissue. A discharge circuit is configured to control the discharge of the output of the power supply to an inductive load disposed in parallel with the output of the power supply based on the comparison between the output signal and the feedback signal. The discharge circuit provides a rapid response and time rate control of the delivered electrosurgical energy by controlling the power supply and delivered RF energy in real time, based on a feedback signal generated in response to the application of energy to tissue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventor: James H. Orszulak
  • Patent number: 8968297
    Abstract: An electrosurgical system and method for performing electrosurgery is disclosed. The electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical generator adapted to supply electrosurgical energy to tissue. The electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical instrument, such as an electrosurgical antenna, knife, forceps, suction coagulator, or vessel sealer. The disclosed system includes an impedance sensor, a controller, dynamic impedance matching network, and an electrosurgical energy generator. The dynamic impedance matching network includes a PIN diode switching array configured to selectively activate a plurality of reactive elements. The disclosed arrangement of reactive elements provides real-time impedance correction over a wide range of impedance mismatch conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventor: George J. Collins
  • Patent number: 8968298
    Abstract: An electrosurgical instrument is provided. The electrosurgical instrument includes a housing. An outer shaft extends from the housing. The outer shaft includes a bifurcated distal end having a pair of first spaced-apart members with an elongated slot extending therebetween. The pair of first spaced-apart members configured to receive tissue therebetween. An inner shaft is disposed within the outer shaft and includes a bifurcated distal end having a pair of second spaced-apart members with an elongated slot extending therebetween. The pair of second spaced-apart members is configured to receive tissue therebetween. Each of the pairs of the first and second spaced apart members includes one or more electrodes thereon. The inner shaft is rotatable from an initial configuration for positioning tissue between the pairs of first and second spaced-apart members to a subsequent configuration for compressing the tissue disposed between the pairs of first and second spaced-apart members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventor: John R. Twomey
  • Patent number: 8956347
    Abstract: A method and apparatus include determining a value of a parameter associated with operation of an electrosurgical probe having a particular probe design, and determining whether the value of the parameter is within a range of values that has been predetermined for the particular probe design to indicate that the probe is treating tissue in a desired manner. Power is delivered to the probe according to an algorithm based upon a determination that the value of the parameter is outside the range of values The algorithm delivers power in a pulsed profile including portions of low power and portions of high power. In one embodiment, the tissue treatment is ablation, the parameter is impedance, and the method limits tissue necrosis to less than 200 microns. In another embodiment, the tissue treatment is shrinkage, the parameter is temperature, and the method limits power delivery when the probe is not shrinking tissue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Smith & Nephew, Inc.
    Inventors: Douglas M. Lorang, Matthew E. Mitchell, Karen Drucker, Kobi Iki
  • Patent number: 8945115
    Abstract: An electrosurgical system includes an electrosurgical generator, a power source configured to deliver power to at least one load connected to the generator, a master configured to generate an initial pulse, the initial pulse cooperating with a first floating power supply configured to create an electrical connection between at least one first load and the power source, and a plurality of slaves connected in series to the master, wherein a first slave is configured to generate a subsequent pulse based on the initial pulse, the subsequent pulse cooperating with a second floating power supply configured to create an electrical connection between at least one second load and the power source, the subsequent pulse configured to cause an ensuing slave to generate an additional pulse, the additional pulse cooperating with a corresponding floating power supply configured to create an electrical connection between at least one additional load and the power source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventors: James A. Gilbert, Calvin S. Bromfield, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8945114
    Abstract: The disclosure describes a method and a system that may be used to provide feedback regarding the flow of fluid during ablation therapy. The system includes a generator that generates energy to ablate at least a portion of a target tissue, a needle that delivers the energy to the target tissue, a return electrode that receives energy dispersed from the needle, a catheter that houses at least a portion of the needle, a pump that delivers a fluid to the target tissue via the catheter, a sensor that detects a fluid parameter indicative of at least one of flow or pressure of the fluid, and a processor that analyzes the fluid parameter detected by the sensor. The sensor may be located between the pump and the target tissue. The fluid parameter detected by the system may be pressure or flow. The system may be used to treat benign prostatic hypertrophy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Medtronic, Inc.
    Inventors: Ahmed Elmouelhi, Paul S. Kratoska
  • Patent number: 8915910
    Abstract: Phase end point determination is provided to automatically halt the application of energy to tissue. Prior to the application of energy, the phase end point determination is identified by measuring the product of permittivity and conductivity of the tissue to be treated. An electrosurgical system can include an electrosurgical generator, a feedback circuit or controller, and an electrosurgical tool. The feedback circuit can provide an electrosurgery endpoint by determining the phase end point of a tissue to be treated. The electrosurgical system can include more than one electrosurgical tool for different electrosurgical operations and can include a variety of user interface features and audio/visual performance indicators. The electrosurgical system can also power conventional bipolar electrosurgical tools and direct current surgical appliances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Applied Medical Resources Corporation
    Inventors: Zoran Falkenstein, Christopher J. Cappello, Gary M. Johnson, Benjamin A. Gianneschi, Olivia J. Tran, Matthew A. Wixey, Kennii Pravongviengkham, Boun Pravong, Haruyasu Yawata, Matthew M. Becerra, John R. Brustad, Adam J. Cohen, Nabil Hilal, Edward D. Pingleton, Said S. Hilal, Charles C. Hart, Chris R. Wikoff
  • Patent number: 8900226
    Abstract: An HF surgical device with an autostart function for cutting and/or coagulating biological tissue with HF current. The device comprises an HF generator for generating HF current, a selected output for connecting a monopolar/bipolar electrode to the HF surgical device, a first measurement device assigned to the output for measuring a first measured value for an impedance of the electrode connected to the output, a first comparator for comparing the first measured value with a first setpoint, for switching-off the first measurement devices and for switching-on a second measurement device if the first measured value is lower than the first setpoint, for measuring a second measured value for the impedance of the connected electrode and a second comparator for comparing the second measured value with a second setpoint and for switching-on the HF current for the output if the second measured value is lower than the second setpoint.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: ERBE Electromedizin GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Selig, Martin Fritz
  • Patent number: 8892259
    Abstract: A robotic surgical system for performing a surgical procedure within the body of a subject includes an elongate surgical instrument, a robotic controller configured to control the motion of the distal end portion of the surgical instrument, and a mechanomyography feedback system in communication with the robotic controller. The mechanomyography feedback system includes an elongate sphincter contraction sensor configured to monitor a physical response of a sphincter of the subject and to provide a mechanomyography signal corresponding to the monitored response. Additionally, the feedback system includes a processor configured to receive the mechanomyography signal, to determine if the received signal is indicative of an induced sphincter response, and to provide a control signal to the robotic controller if an induced sphincter response is detected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Innovative Surgical Solutions, LLC.
    Inventors: Stephen Bartol, Christopher Wybo
  • Patent number: 8876816
    Abstract: In an electrosurgical system having a generator for generating radio frequency (RF) power and an electrosurgical instrument, the instrument includes a passive electrical identification component having a parameter of finite non-zero value identifying the instrument. The generator has a sensing circuit with a second electrical component, a signal source providing a voltage step-change, and a signal detector for detecting a transient response of the combination of the identification component and the second electrical component, the detector output signal being representative of the parameter value thereby allowing automatic identification of the instrument when it is connected to the generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Gyrus Medical Limited
    Inventor: John R Hosier
  • Patent number: 8864760
    Abstract: This invention relates to medical methods, instruments and systems for creating a controlled lesion using temperature to control the growth of the lesion. The treatment can be used in any tissue area and is particularly useful in or around a vertebral body. The features relating to the methods and devices described herein can be applied in any region of soft or hard tissue including bone or hard tissue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Dfine, Inc.
    Inventors: Steve Kramer, Kirti P. Kamdar, Andrew Kohm, Robert Poser, Aaron Germain
  • Patent number: 8855822
    Abstract: A robotic surgical system for performing a surgical procedure within the body of a subject includes an elongate surgical instrument, a robotic controller configured to control the motion of the distal end portion of the surgical instrument, and a mechanomyography feedback system in communication with the robotic controller. The mechanomyography feedback system includes a mechanical sensor configured to monitor a physical motion of a muscle and to provide a mechanomyography signal corresponding to the monitored physical motion. Additionally, the feedback system includes a processor configured to receive the mechanomyography signal, to determine if the received signal is indicative of an induced muscle response, and to provide a control signal to the robotic controller if an induced muscle response is detected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Innovative Surgical Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: Stephen Bartol, Christopher Wybo
  • Patent number: 8845634
    Abstract: A method of sensing gases during medical procedures that includes electronically altering a gas-identification sensor, coupled with an electronic medical device, to selectively detect at least one of a plurality of gases, receiving the at least one of the plurality of gases in the electronic medical device, the electronic medical device having an energy output, transferring the at least one of the plurality of gases to the gas-identification sensor for identification, and then reducing an amount of energy emitted from the energy output upon identification of the at least one of the plurality of gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Sparkoff, LLC
    Inventors: Edward Martin Deutscher, Frank Anthony Vassallo, II
  • Publication number: 20140236142
    Abstract: An electrosurgical generator includes an electrosurgical energy output configured to deliver electrosurgical energy to a bipolar end effector assembly in a conductive fluid environment for treating tissue. A controller having a processor is configured to control a waveform of the electrosurgical energy such that the waveform oscillates between a cut phase for initiating and sustaining tissue cutting, wherein the waveform includes a cut energy greater than the energy needed to create and sustain arcing, and a hemostasis phase, for desiccating/coagulating tissue, wherein the waveform includes a hemostasis energy less than the energy needed to sustain arcing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2013
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: COVIDIEN LP
    Inventors: ARLEN K. WARD, JOE D. SARTOR, ROBERT H. WHAM
  • Patent number: 8801703
    Abstract: A system for determining probability of tissue damage is disclosed. The system includes a plurality of return electrodes adhered to a patient and adapted to couple to an electrosurgical generator configured to generate an electrosurgical current. The system also includes a current monitor and a switching component connected in series with each of the plurality of the return electrodes. The current monitor being configured to measure the electrosurgical current passing therethrough. The system further includes a processor coupled to each of the current monitors and the switching components. The processor is configured to determine the balance of a current load among the plurality of the return electrodes and configured to control each of the switching components to adjust the current passing through each of the return electrodes to balance the current load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventors: William N. Gregg, Kyle R. Rick
  • Patent number: 8801704
    Abstract: This disclosure describes impedance computation techniques that may reduce the effect of crosstalk, thus generating more accurate impedance measurements. In particular, an ablation system models the electrical interaction among the active electrodes and a common return electrode using a star-configuration resistor model. The ablation system computes one or more parameters of the star-configuration resistor model and adjusts the therapy based on at least the computed parameters of the star-configuration resistor model.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Medtronic, Inc.
    Inventors: Nikhil Bhushan, Thomas R. Skwarek, Graham Spall, Keith S. Bosacker
  • Patent number: 8777941
    Abstract: An electrosurgical system is disclosed. The electrosurgical system includes at least one electrosurgical electrode having a resistive element and a capacitive element configured in series. The electrosurgical system also including an electrosurgical generator configured to generate electrosurgical energy having a first frequency which generates a first impedance in the at least one electrode due to capacitive reactance of the capacitive element in series. The generator is further configured to adjust the first frequency to at least one other frequency to generate a different impedance in the at least one electrode due to capacitive reactance of the capacitive element in series, thereby adjusting the temperature of at least one electrosurgical electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventors: John Carlton, Darren Odom
  • Patent number: 8758337
    Abstract: The disclosure describes a user interface that may be used to control ablation therapy and monitor ablation therapy progress in systems that utilize wet electrode ablation techniques. The user interface presents a virtual electrode depth icon to a user that indicates the size of a lesion that may be created with the selected virtual electrode depth. The virtual electrode depth may be changed by the user according to the ablation therapy most appropriate for a patient, and the user may interact with the user interface to define the virtual electrode depth. In this manner, the user interface may be a touchscreen or other input device such as a mouse, pointing device, or keyboard. The user interface may also provide a thermometer icon that represents a patient temperature, a timer icon that represents a remaining time for therapy, and other representations of therapy progress.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Medtronic, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas R. Skwarek, William K. Wenger, Keith S. Bosacker
  • Patent number: 8715278
    Abstract: Methods, systems and devices for endometrial ablation. In accordance with a method, a working end of an RF ablation device is positioned in a patient uterus to contact endometrial tissue, the working end comprising a dielectric. Radiofrequency energy is applied for a first interval of time at constant power, the power being sufficient to capacitively couple current across the dielectric to the contacted endometrial tissue. A voltage parameter measured within the first interval, and radiofrequency energy is applied at a constant voltage over a second, treatment interval to ablate endometrial tissue, the constant voltage being related to the recorded voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Minerva Surgical, Inc.
    Inventors: Akos Toth, Csaba Truckai