Condenser Cooling Fluid Flow Patents (Class 62/181)
  • Patent number: 11366445
    Abstract: An equipment unit state controlling method and device, and an equipment unit. After receiving control data transmitted from a state controller, a unit controller detects whether the unit controller communicates with a display panel controller, in which the state controller transmits the control data to the unit controller and the display panel controller simultaneously. If the unit controller communicates with the display panel controller, the unit controller performs an operation on the equipment unit corresponding to instruction information transmitted from the display panel controller, and if the unit controller does not communicate with the display panel controller, the unit controller parses the control data by itself to obtain the parsing result and performs the operation on the equipment unit corresponding to the parsing result.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2022
    Assignee: Gree Electric Appliances, Inc.
    Inventors: Wanxing Chen, Yuhong Dong, Zhengqing Tang, Baolin Zhou, Guiqing Lin, Baolong Wu
  • Patent number: 11248823
    Abstract: Systems, apparatus and methods for operating a chiller plant while minimizing or eliminating the occurrence of centrifugal compressor surge. Taking into account chiller design specifications and current operating conditions, a compressor lift point at which surge is predicted to occur is established. Minima and maxima for various chiller setpoints that avoid or eliminate the occurrence of compressor surge are imposed on setpoints provided by a conventional optimizing chiller controller. The chiller system is operated in accordance with the resultant anti-surge setpoints. Coolant tower flow is modulated to enable the compressor to operate at near-surge conditions while preventing the onset of actual surge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2022
    Assignee: Trane International Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher R. Vause, Scott A. Munns, Lee R. Cline
  • Patent number: 11156394
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) unit having a vapor compression circuit including a compressor and a heat exchanger. The HVAC unit includes a controller configured to provide a first signal to control the compressor, and provide a second signal to control a variable speed fan associated with the heat exchanger based on a target speed. The HVAC unit further includes a pressure activated device coupled between the controller and the compressor, wherein the pressure activated device is configured to temporarily block the first signal from the controller while a refrigerant pressure within the vapor compression circuit is greater than a threshold value. In response to determining that the pressure activated device has blocked the first signal for at least a threshold time period, the controller is configured to both deactivate the first signal and provide the second signal for an equilibration time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2021
    Assignee: Johnson Controls Technology Company
    Inventor: Tom R. Tasker
  • Patent number: 10941959
    Abstract: Various embodiments include a system for controlling air temperature. The system can include a potable water piping system, a cooling system, and a heating system. The potable water piping system can include potable water supply piping and potable water return piping. The cooling system can be coupled to the potable water piping system. The cooling system can include a water-refrigerant heat exchanger; an air-refrigerant coil; a compressor coupled between the water-refrigerant heat exchanger and the air-refrigerant coil; and an expansion valve coupled between the water-refrigerant heat exchanger and the air-refrigerant coil. The heating system can be coupled to the potable water piping system. The heating system can include a hot water coil. The water-refrigerant heat exchanger can be coupled to the potable water supply piping and the potable water return piping. The hot water coil can be coupled to the potable water supply piping and the potable water return piping.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Inventor: Lee W. Froemke
  • Patent number: 10890355
    Abstract: A heat pump apparatus includes a use-side heat exchanger that causes heat exchange to be performed between a heat medium flowing from a heat-storage heat exchanger and a heat usage medium, and a flow-passage switching device that switches a flow passage for the heat medium to a first flow passage that circulates through a heat-reception-side heat exchanger and the heat-storage heat exchanger without extends through the use-side heat exchanger or a second flow passage that circulates through the heat-reception-side heat exchanger and the heat-storage heat exchanger via the use-side heat exchanger. Even when the temperature of the heat storage medium rises, heat received from a heat source can be stored in the heat storage medium by a heat pump, while a decrease of the efficiency of the heat pump can be reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yasumitsu Nomura, Shigetoshi Ipposhi
  • Patent number: 10823474
    Abstract: A vapor compression system includes a compressor, a first heat exchanger, an expansion valve and a second heat exchanger arranged serial refrigerant flow path; a first fan configured to direct air over the first heat exchanger; a controller coupled to the first fan and the compressor, the controller configured to: set a compressor discharge superheat limit; determine a compressor discharge superheat; compare the compressor discharge superheat to the compressor discharge superheat limit; and when the compressor discharge superheat is less than the compressor discharge superheat limit, the controller reducing at least one of a compressor speed and a first fan speed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignee: CARRIER CORPORATION
    Inventors: Matthew Austin, Mark W. Shoemaker
  • Patent number: 10731903
    Abstract: A device under test cooling system has a refrigerant line and a fluid line extending through a plurality of successively arranged heat exchangers. A digital scroll compressor has an intake for providing the refrigerant mixture to the compressor and a discharge connecting the compressor to the refrigerant line to provide the refrigerant mixture to the heat exchangers. The compressor includes a plurality of scroll elements between the intake and the discharge for compressing the refrigerant mixture. The compressor includes a valve configured to separate the scroll elements when in an open position to allow refrigerant to flow freely between the intake and the discharge. When the valve is in a closed position, the scroll elements compress the refrigerant. A controller is configured to switch the valve between an open and closed position based on a set duty cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: Temptronic Corporation
    Inventors: Chuan Weng, Norbert Elsdoerfer
  • Patent number: 10605507
    Abstract: An apparatus for optimizing an efficiency of a refrigeration system, comprising means for measuring a refrigeration efficiency of an operating refrigeration system; means for altering a process variable of the refrigeration system during efficiency measurement; and a processor for calculating a process variable level which achieves an optimum efficiency. The process variables may include refrigerant charge and refrigerant oil concentration in evaporator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignee: Hudson Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin Zugibe, Douglas Schmidt
  • Patent number: 10197321
    Abstract: An air conditioning apparatus uses R32 as a refrigerant, and includes a compressor, a condenser, an expansion mechanism, an evaporator, an intermediate injection channel, a suction injection channel, a switching mechanism, a branch flow channel, first and second injection opening adjustable valves, an injection heat exchanger, a refrigerant storage tank, a bypass channel, and a control part. The switching mechanism switches between an intermediate injection condition in which refrigerant flows in the intermediate injection channel, and a suction injection condition in which refrigerant flows in the suction injection channel. The branch flow channel branches from a main refrigerant channel which joins the condenser and the evaporator, and guides the refrigerant to the intermediate injection channel and the suction injection channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Satoshi Kawano, Shinya Matsuoka, Masahiro Oka
  • Patent number: 10151518
    Abstract: A refrigeration system for a temperature-controlled storage device includes a refrigeration circuit, a cooling circuit, and a controller. The refrigeration circuit includes a compressor driven by a brushless DC motor operable at multiple different speeds, a first heat exchanger, an expansion device, and a cooling unit in fluid communication via a first working fluid. The cooling circuit includes a pump and a second heat exchanger in fluid communication with the first heat exchanger via a second working fluid such that the first heat exchanger is liquid-cooled by the second working fluid. The controller operates the brushless DC motor at multiple different speeds to accommodate multiple different thermal loads experienced by the refrigeration system. Each of the speeds corresponds to a different thermal load. The controller modulates the speed of the brushless DC motor to maintain a desired temperature of a temperature-controlled space within the temperature-controlled device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: Hill Phoenix, Inc.
    Inventors: Jules G. Choueifati, Timothy D. Swofford, Neil J. Rathje
  • Patent number: 10030894
    Abstract: An air-conditioning apparatus includes a heat medium system configured to control a flow rate of the heat medium supplied to the heat source unit side heat exchanger that exchanges heat between refrigerant and the heat medium, the heat medium system having at least one system of a heat medium conveyor, a heat medium flow rate adjuster, and a heat medium flow rate control device. In the air-conditioning apparatus, the operation of each of use-side heat exchangers is changed to a cooling operation or a heating operation in accordance with a control command, and a cooling and heating concurrent operation is performed. The refrigerant is caused to flow through the heat source unit side heat exchanger in accordance with the ratio of the total cooling capacity of the use-side heat exchangers to the total heating capacity of the use-side heat exchangers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Koji Azuma, Hirofumi Koge, Osamu Morimoto, Kensaku Hatanaka, Kazuyoshi Shinozaki
  • Patent number: 9696056
    Abstract: The HVAC condition based maintenance system and method provides for a system to reduce operating costs by replacing existing time based scheduled maintenance with an on-condition based maintenance system and method for continuous monitoring and acquiring condition based data from an operating HVAC system, transmitting data to a remote server for storage, analysis and trending, recognizing operational performance reductions based on the comparison of current trending to historical data, and for triggering notification of failures and corrective action based on routine, impending and immediate problem recognition. Additionally, the acquired data is used to derive actual heat load characteristic of the building, identify HVAC system deficiencies, building deficiencies and installation issues and load imbalance of multi-unit systems providing direction for system improvements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2017
    Assignee: System ProWorks, Inc
    Inventor: Gary C. Rosenberg
  • Patent number: 9651321
    Abstract: A method for regulating a discharge fan and a coil of a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (“HVAC”) system includes maintaining a discharge fan capacity at a low fan capacity setting and varying a coil discharge air temperature between a low discharge air temperature limit and a high discharge air temperature limit. The method also includes, when the coil discharge air temperature reaches the low discharge air temperature limit, varying a fan speed of the variable speed discharge fan between a low fan speed setting and a high fan speed setting so as to maintain a space temperature at a space temperature setpoint set for a space, while maintaining the coil discharge air temperature at the low discharge air temperature limit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2017
    Assignee: TRANE INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: John Zhou, Thomas J. Clanin
  • Patent number: 9562710
    Abstract: A system includes a variable-capacity compressor operable at a first capacity and at a second capacity that is higher than the first capacity and an outdoor-air-temperature sensor. A control module receives a demand signal from a thermostat and operates the variable-capacity compressor in a first mode when communication with the outdoor-air-temperature sensor has not been interrupted and in a fault mode when communication with the outdoor-air-temperature sensor has been interrupted. In the first mode, the control module switches the variable-capacity compressor between the first capacity and the second capacity based on the demand signal and the outdoor-air-temperature data. In the fault mode, the control module operates the variable-capacity compressor by operating the variable-capacity compressor at at least one of the first capacity and the second capacity based on the demand signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2017
    Assignee: Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Hung M. Pham, Edward J. Trudeau, Jr., Sahil Popli
  • Patent number: 9453661
    Abstract: A control system for a refrigeration system with dual evaporators is provided. In one embodiment, a control system for a dual evaporator refrigeration system is provided where the evaporators are operated simultaneously to provide for improved temperature and humidity control in a refrigerator appliance. In another embodiment, the control system can also use a linear model that is designed to minimize or remove excess enthalpy from one or more compartments and/or features of the appliance. The control system can also be configured with at least one variable speed compressor that is operated at a speed that will remove excess enthalpy within a desired time period while also operating at an optimized speed for energy efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: Haier US Appliance Solutions, Inc
    Inventors: Brent Alden Junge, Keith Wesley Wait, Bahman Abbasi
  • Patent number: 9347700
    Abstract: Systems and methods for low ambient air temperature cooling in air-source based heat pump systems wherein an outdoor heat pump unit includes a discharge hood positionable over its fan. The hood including a damper that is openable and closeable as a function of outside temperature. The outdoor unit may also include wind deflectors positioned over the coil openings of the disclosure. During cooling operations below a low outside air threshold temperature, e.g., below 23° F., the damper assembly partially closes to reduce airflow across the condenser coil of the outdoor unit to a level below that which is possible at minimum fan speed. As the outdoor temperature continues to drop, the damper assembly continues to close to further reduce airflow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2016
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventor: Joseph P. Bush
  • Patent number: 9310092
    Abstract: Methods and systems for systems and methods for optimizing usage of a free cooling subsystem are provided. The method includes collecting micro-climate data from one or more sensors surrounding a facility. The method also includes analyzing the micro-climate data and making a determination to operate a free cooling subsystem or a paid cooling subsystem based on the analysis of the micro-climate data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2016
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Jeffrey H. Chapman, Michael R. Pelletier, Gregory L. Rieder, Daniel J. Tukey
  • Patent number: 9285129
    Abstract: A system and method for liquid-liquid free-cooling that may include a modular coolant distribution unit (CDU) is provided. CDUs can incorporate integral free-cooling or bolt on free-cooling switch modules. The free-cooling flow can be either direct or indirect. Units can interface with each other to provide scalable cooling for computer data centers. Embodiments of the system can integrate with electronics rack passive rear door liquid heat exchangers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: Vette Technology, LLC
    Inventors: Shlomo D. Novotny, John P. Menoche, David W. Roden
  • Patent number: 9267720
    Abstract: An air conditioner may include an indoor device and an outdoor device. The outdoor device may include a plurality of compressors, a plurality of bypass tubes respectively connected to the plurality of compressors, and a plurality of bypass valves respectively provided to the bypass tubes. When at least one of the plurality of compressors is stopped during operation of the air conditioner and the plurality of compressors, a bypass valve corresponding to the stopped compressor may be opened to equalize an internal pressure of the stopped compressor to facilitate a re-start of operation of the stopped compressor without adversely affecting overall performance of the air conditioner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventor: Bongsoo Choi
  • Patent number: 9134068
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a diagnostic method for a clothes treating apparatus, and according to an aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a diagnostic method of a clothes treating apparatus having a compressor, a condenser, an expansion apparatus, and an evaporator for cooling air being discharged from a drum by the evaporator a heat pump, and the method may include activating the compressor; measuring a property (P1) of the refrigerant that has passed through the compressor; re-measuring a property (P2) of the refrigerant that has passed through the compressor after a predetermined period of time has passed; checking whether or not a value F that is defined as P2?P1 is equal to or greater than a predetermined value; suspending the operation of the compressor and repeating the foregoing processes when the value F is less than the predetermined value; and determining that a failure has occurred in the clothes treating apparatus when the execution number of the processes is equal to or grea
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventor: Woonje Choi
  • Publication number: 20150128624
    Abstract: A condenser assembly through which a refrigerant is circulated to transfer heat from the refrigerant to ambient air in which the condenser assembly is at least partially disposed. The condenser assembly includes a compressor, a crankcase heater energizable via a crankcase heater control circuit, a condenser, a condenser fan, and an electronically commutated condenser fan motor. The condenser assembly also includes an ambient temperature sensor for sensing at least one temperature of the ambient air, to provide a sensed temperature. The condenser assembly includes a condenser switch subassembly configured to control energization of the crankcase heater and the condenser fan motor. The condenser switch subassembly is controlled by the ambient temperature sensor. The condenser fan motor is controlled by a condenser fan controller that applies a first voltage or a second voltage to the condenser fan motor depending on whether a third conductor attached to the motor is energized.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2015
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: National Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Canada Corp.
    Inventors: Vince Zolli, William J. Mead
  • Patent number: 9027359
    Abstract: A modular heat exchange system having a refrigerant system for cycling a refrigerant through a compressor, a condenser, an expansion valve, and an evaporator, a heat source circulation system which circulates a heat exchange fluid between a heat source and the evaporator, a heat sink circulation system which circulates a heat absorption fluid between a heat sink and the condenser, a fluid management system having temperature gauges for respectively reading core temperatures of the heat source and the heat sink, and a thermal energy source from which thermal energy is transferred to the heat exchange fluid when the core temperature of the heat source falls below a threshold temperature while the core temperature of the heat sink is maintained at a constant temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Triea Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: James O'Brien, Matthew Ginalick, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8997508
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to keep an appropriate high pressure side pressure in a refrigerant circuit while reducing noises of an operation of a blower in a refrigerating apparatus which obtains a critical pressure on a high pressure side. The refrigerating apparatus in which the refrigerant circuit is constituted of a compressor, a gas cooler, a reducing element and an evaporator to obtain a supercritical pressure on the high pressure side includes a blower which air-cools the gas cooler and a control device which controls this blower. This control device controls a revolution speed of the blower based on an outdoor temperature and an evaporation temperature of a refrigerant in the evaporator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiko Mihara, Hidetaka Sasaki, Setsu Hasegawa, Ken Kawakubo, Masahisa Otake, Takashi Sato, Akira Matsuzaki
  • Patent number: 8991200
    Abstract: An air conditioner and a method of operating an air conditioner are provided. The air conditioner may include at least one indoor device, each having an indoor heat exchanger installed therein; at least one outdoor device connected to the at least one indoor device by a refrigerant flow path, and each having a water-refrigerant heat exchanger that provides heat exchange between a refrigerant and heat source water and an outdoor device controller installed therein; a heat source water flow path connected to each water-refrigerant heat exchanger; a pump installed on the heat source water flow path; a variable flow valve installed on the heat source water flow path; a central controller that controls the at least one outdoor device; and a variable flow valve control board that regulates an opening degree of the variable flow valve and a flow rate of heat source water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: LG Electronics Inc.
    Inventors: Junhyeon Hwang, Hongseok Choi, Changhwan Cho
  • Patent number: 8984902
    Abstract: A cooling system for an appliance includes an evaporator stage, a compressor stage coupled to the evaporator stage and a condenser stage coupled to the compressor stage. The condenser stage includes a condenser and a condenser cooling fan for cooling the condenser, and a condenser loop coupled between the condenser stage and the evaporator stage. A humidity sensor is configured to detect a humidity level in an area of the cooling system and a controller is configured to cycle an operating state of the condenser cooling fan from ON to a low speed or OFF prior to an end of a cooling cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Brent Alden Junge, Eric Paez, Joseph Thomas Waugh, Kristin Marie Weirich
  • Patent number: 8966918
    Abstract: A wheel loader is provided with a cab, an air conditioning unit, a cooling fan which has a condenser and a compressor, an air conditioning switch which receives the operation or non-operation of the compressor, a temperature setting portion which sets a set temperature inside the cab, a room temperature sensor which detects a room temperature inside the cab, and a controller. In a case where the air conditioning switch is operated and the room temperature is higher than a set temperature, the controller maintains the rotation amount of the cooling fan at a limited rotation amount or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Komatsu Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Kitaoka, Kentaro Yajima
  • Patent number: 8919139
    Abstract: An air conditioning apparatus includes a refrigerant circuit, an operation controlling device and a liquid refrigerant accumulation determining device. The refrigerant circuit has an accumulator. The operation controlling device performs normal operation control where each device of the heat source unit and the utilization unit are controlled in accordance with operating load of the utilization unit, and refrigerant quantity determination operation control where properness of quantity of the refrigerant in the refrigerant circuit is determined while performing the cooling operation. The liquid refrigerant accumulation determining device determines whether or not liquid refrigerant is accumulating in the accumulator. When it has been determined that liquid refrigerant is accumulating in the accumulator, liquid refrigerant accumulation control is performed to eliminate liquid refrigerant accumulation in the accumulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takurou Yamada, Masato Kotake, Takahiro Yamaguchi, Tadafumi Nishimura
  • Publication number: 20140366564
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an air-conditioning apparatus which is capable of performing a cooling operation in a stable manner in an environment having a low outside temperature. The air-conditioning apparatus according to the present invention comprises: a housing including an inlet, a bypass inlet, and an outlet; a fan configured to introduce air into the housing and discharge the air from the housing; a heat-exchange flow path deposed between the inlet and the outlet; a heat exchanger disposed at the heat exchange flow path; and a bypass flow path disposed between the bypass inlet and the outlet.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicant: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventors: Eunjun Cho, Beomsoo Seo
  • Patent number: 8820101
    Abstract: A refrigerator with a condenser and a fan for the forced ventilation of the condenser, the refrigerator including a fan control circuit for controlling the fan to provide variable throughflow of air from the fan and an assembly for measuring temperature in operative communication with the fan control circuit for operating the fan in a temperature-dependent manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeraete GmbH
    Inventors: Georg Hausmann, Hans Ihle
  • Patent number: 8813511
    Abstract: Methods and systems for controlling the operation of condenser fans are provided. At most discharge pressures, the operation of the condenser fans may be controlled based on a capacity of the compressor system. To adjust operation of the condenser fans, the speed of the fans and/or the number or operational fans may be adjusted. The control of the condenser fans based on compressor system capacity may be overridden at compressor discharge pressures that rise above a high pressure level and fall below a low pressure level. At the high and low discharge pressures, the fan speed and/or number of operating fans may be adjusted based solely on the discharge pressure rather than on the compressor system capacity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Johnson Controls Technology Company
    Inventors: William L. Kopko, Jose Ruel Yalung de la Cruz, Israel Federman
  • Patent number: 8763417
    Abstract: The refrigeration system of this invention utilizes a water cooled condenser which is made of multiple water pans with refrigeration coil soldered underneath for multi-stages cooling. The water pans are stacked on top of each other with the hottest coil located at the bottom. The bottom water pan dries up water faster than the other water pans since it has the hottest coil soldered underneath. Once the water level of the bottom water pan is low enough to be refilled, the supply water fills in from the top water pan and propagating downward to the water pan down below until it reaches the water pan at the bottom. The water refilling ceases once the bottom water pan is full. The unwanted heat from a refrigeration system is transferred from the refrigerant to the water, and then from the water to the air by evaporation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Inventor: Hui Jen Szutu
  • Patent number: 8701429
    Abstract: A supplementary air conditioning system includes an indoor heat exchanger and an outdoor heat exchanger. The indoor heat exchanger is fanless and includes indoor tubes installed so as to be inclined to a ceiling of a room. The indoor tubes make diagonal contact with a high-temperature air zone in an upper part of the room and refrigerant inside the indoor tubes is heated by the air zone so as to boil and vaporize and air in the air zone flows down through the indoor heat exchanger. The external heat exchanger includes outdoor tubes installed outside at a higher position than the indoor tubes and are connected to the indoor tubes via connecting pipes with no compressor therebetween. The outdoor tubes condense and liquefy the refrigerant boiled and vaporized in the indoor tubes and return the refrigerant to the indoor tubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: GAC Corporation
    Inventor: Junichi Oki
  • Publication number: 20140096547
    Abstract: Generally, a variable fan speed control in an HVAC system is described. Such methods and systems to control fan speed can in turn improve efficiency of the HVAC system by minimizing power consumption, for example of the compressor. The control scheme is based on various operating conditions of compressor load and ambient air temperature, which are used to determine an optimum fan speed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2013
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Applicant: TRANE INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventor: Michael Carl BOEHDE
  • Patent number: 8689574
    Abstract: The disclosure provides an apparatus for heating water and dehumidifying air and a water heating and air processing system. In one embodiment, the apparatus includes: (1) a refrigeration circuit including an evaporator, a first condenser and a compressor, (2) a refrigerant-water heat exchanger having a second condenser fluidly coupled to the refrigeration circuit and (3) a control valve operatively connected to the refrigeration circuit to either direct flow of the refrigerant through the first condenser during a dehumidification mode or through the second condenser during a water heating mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Lennox Industries Inc.
    Inventor: Robert Uselton
  • Patent number: 8682526
    Abstract: Described herein is a automotive air-conditioning system configured to implement a sub-critical refrigerating cycle and comprising a condenser and a fan associated thereto, a compressor, an evaporator, an expansion valve of the non-electronically-controlled type, and an electronic control system configured to receive a signal indicative of the ambient temperature outside the vehicle and to generate a control signal for the fan of the condenser on the basis of the ambient temperature outside the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: C.R.F. Societá Consortile per Azioni
    Inventors: Stefano Mola, Carloandrea Malvicino, Domenico Idone
  • Patent number: 8672670
    Abstract: Controlling a modulating gas furnace by monitoring a differential pressure associated with the modulating gas furnace using a low pressure limit switch configured to actuate at a first pressure, an intermediate pressure limit switch configured to actuate at a second pressure, and a high pressure limit switch configured to actuate at a third pressure, the second pressure being between the first and third pressure, selectively operating the modulating gas furnace in one of a cycling mode, a modulating mode in a lower range, and a modulating mode in an upper range, the modulating mode in the lower range being associated with an output capacity range between the output capacity ranges of the cycling mode and the modulating mode in the upper range, and selectively operating the furnace in response to at least one of the low pressure limit switch, the intermediate pressure limit switch, and the high pressure limit switch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Trane International Inc.
    Inventor: Gordon Jeffrey Hugghins
  • Patent number: 8640473
    Abstract: A refrigeration apparatus includes a condensing unit, a flow distributor, and an evaporator connected to the condensing unit via the flow distributor. A pressure detector is configured to detect condensation pressure of the refrigerant. A calculation unit is configured to calculate a target condensation pressure of refrigerant necessary for the refrigerant to be an evaporation temperature in the evaporator. A controller is configured to control the condensing unit so that the condensation pressure of the refrigerant becomes equal to or more than the target condensation pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Nakayama Engineering Company Limited
    Inventor: Junya Nakayama
  • Patent number: 8555663
    Abstract: A refrigerating apparatus includes first and second refrigerant circuits including respective first and second compressors, condensers, pressure reducers, and evaporators, connected circularly with first and second refrigerant pipes, respectively, refrigerants discharged from the first and second compressors being respectively condensed at the first and second condensers and thereafter respectively evaporated at the first and second evaporators to acquire a cooling effect; a temperature sensor that detects a temperature of an internal portion of a cold storage cabinet, the first and second evaporators being disposed to cool the internal portion simultaneously; and a first control device that controls the first and second compressors such that both of them are operated each time a temperature detected by the temperature sensor reaches a first temperature, and the first and second compressors are alternately operated each time a temperature detected by the temperature sensor reaches a second temperature lower t
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Panasonic Healthcare Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hidetoshi Shinya, Susumu Kobayashi, Satoshi Okuda, Ryuichi Tsuruma, Yuichi Tamaoki, Ryuzo Tobe
  • Patent number: 8511103
    Abstract: A method and system for controlling operation of a vapor compression system (13) includes monitoring at least one component condition of the system (13), comparing a predetermined setpoint to the at least one component condition, and loading or unloading at least one of a first compressor (18) or a second compressor (20) of the system (13) in response to the comparison of the predetermined setpoint to the at least one component condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Johnson Controls Technology Company
    Inventor: Andrew M. Welch
  • Patent number: 8484990
    Abstract: A method is provided for operating a refrigerant vapor compression system, for example an air-cooled chiller or air-cooled condensing unit, at optimal energy efficiency rating. The method includes the steps of: determining the instantaneous values of a plurality of selected operating parameters of the system's refrigeration unit, calculating a desired control parameter set point indicative of an optimal energy efficiency rating for the refrigeration unit as a function of the selected operating parameters, sensing the instantaneous value of the control parameter, comparing the sensed instantaneous value of the control parameter to the calculated control parameter set point, and adjusting the operating speed of the condenser fans associated with the air-cooled condenser of the refrigeration unit in response to that comparison.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Carrier Corporation
    Inventors: Joseph Ballet, Michel Karol Grabon
  • Patent number: 8400090
    Abstract: Assemblies for HVAC systems and methods of operating HVAC systems are disclosed, including a method of operating an HVAC system having a condenser motor operatively coupled to a fan and a controllable bus voltage for powering the condenser motor. The method includes increasing the controllable bus voltage from a first voltage to a second voltage to increase a speed of the condenser motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: Emerson Electric Co.
    Inventors: Joseph G. Marcinkiewicz, Mark E. Carrier, Eric J. Wildi
  • Patent number: 8375733
    Abstract: This disclosure relates to a multi-PID controller system where a variable such as the temperature of a fluid in a reservoir is stabilized using two or more PID controllers to optimize the control of an actuator, such as a flow control valve of a refrigeration system, to control a flow rate. The system also allows for the optimization of the PID control of a fan speed based on the optimized regulation of the control valve and a comparison with other input variables. The setpoint temperature is further stabilized by setting up in proximity of the desired setpoint a deadband analysis to prevent overlap of the PID-driven heat regulation and the multi-PID-driven cold regulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Polyscience
    Inventors: Philip K. Preston, Phil A. Emms
  • Patent number: 8365546
    Abstract: A hot water storage type hot water supply system includes a storage battery unit, a heat pump cycle, a water storage tank, a water circulation path, first and second paths, first and second temperature sensors, and a controller. The heat pump cycle circulates a first refrigerant. The first and second paths circulate a second refrigerant. The first and second sensors sense temperatures of the storage battery unit and water stored in the tank, respectively. The controller controls the second refrigerant to flow in the first or the second path when the temperature of the storage battery unit sensed by the first sensor is higher or lower than a first or a second predetermined temperature, respectively. The controller controls to close the first and second paths when the temperature of the storage battery unit sensed by the first sensor is not lower than the second predetermined temperature and not higher than the first predetermined temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventor: Gaku Hayashida
  • Publication number: 20120318013
    Abstract: An vehicular air-conditioner includes a refrigeration cycle including a compressor, an outside condenser, an interior condenser, an evaporator, an expansion valve, a bypass-path bypassing the outside condenser, a cooling path that circulates refrigerant through the outside condenser, a heating path that circulates refrigerant through the bypass-path, and a changeover valve that changes a refrigerant circulation path to one of the cooling and heating paths, a high-pressure detector that detects a high-pressure-side pressure of the refrigeration cycle, and a controller. The controller controls, upon a changeover command to a heating mode during a cooling mode, the changeover valve to change the refrigerant circulation path from the cooling path to the heating path after the high-pressure-side pressure detected by the high-pressure detector becomes equal-to/lower-than a target pressure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2011
    Publication date: December 20, 2012
    Applicant: CALSONIC KANSEI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masaru Hozumi, Toshihiro Takei
  • Patent number: 8290628
    Abstract: An air conditioner and an associated control method are provided in which performance of one or more indoor units may be adapted so as to minimize power consumption while maintaining cooling/heating effectiveness. The method may include receiving electric power related information, determining whether a current power rate included in the received information is higher than a preset reference value, determining a temperature distribution of at least one space to be air conditioned if the current power rate is higher than the preset reference value, and individually controlling a plurality of indoor units provided to the at least one spaced based on the determined temperature distribution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignee: LG Electronics Inc.
    Inventor: Jongseob Yeo
  • Publication number: 20120253543
    Abstract: A method and a system control an operation of a vapor compression system using a set of control inputs. A control value is determined based on an output of the operation of the vapor compression system and a setpoint for the operation of the vapor compression system. The control value is used to select at least a subset of the set of control inputs from a computer-readable medium, wherein the subset of control inputs, along or in combination with a function of the control value, forms the set of control inputs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Inventors: Christopher Laughman, Daniel Nikolaev Nikovski
  • Patent number: 8280556
    Abstract: An HVAC system for conditioning air of an associated room includes one or more power consuming features/functions including at least one temperature controlling element for one of heating and cooling air. A controller is operatively connected to the one or more power consuming features/functions. The controller is configured to receive and process a signal indicative of a utility state. The controller operates the HVAC system in one of a plurality or operating modes, including at least a normal operating mode and an energy savings mode in response to the received signal. The controller is configured to at least one of selectively adjust and deactivate at least one of the one or more power consuming features/functions to reduce power consumption of the HVAC system in the energy savings mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: John K. Besore, Michael F. Finch, Timothy Dale Worthington, Daniel Ryan Capelle
  • Patent number: 8252174
    Abstract: A vehicle-integrated water harvesting system is provided that enables water-vapor or condensation in a vehicle to be captured, and made available onboard the vehicle for drinking or other uses. The system includes a water emitting component and may include a purification system operatively connected to the water emitting component. The purification system at least partially purifies the water and then sends the purified water to a storage reservoir or directly to a dispenser or outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2012
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Thomas A. Jones, Therese A. Tant, Gregory A. Major, Frances H. James, Jeffrey M. Pleune
  • Publication number: 20120174605
    Abstract: A refrigerant vapor compression system includes a compressor having a suction port and a discharge port, an air-cooled heat exchanger operatively coupled to the discharge port, a liquid-cooled heat exchanger operatively coupled to the air-cooled heat exchanger, a coolant pump operatively coupled to a liquid coolant inlet conduit of the liquid-cooled heat exchanger, an evaporator heat exchanger unit operatively coupled to the liquid-cooled heat exchanger and the suction port, a coolant pump operatively coupled to the liquid coolant inlet conduit for pumping a liquid coolant, and a controller operatively associated with the liquid coolant inlet conduit for controlling the flow of liquid coolant into the liquid-cooled heat exchanger. In one embodiment, the liquid-cooled heat exchanger comprises a low-profile enclosure defining an interior volume.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2010
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Applicant: CARRIER CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hans-Joachim Huff, Zvonko Asprovski
  • Patent number: 8185247
    Abstract: In the present invention, a method and a system for controlling a compressor are provided. The method includes the steps of: providing a condenser connected to the compressor, and at least one evaporator connected to the condenser; measuring an inlet pressure and an outlet pressure of the compressor to obtain a flow rate of the condensate; determining a secure flow rate and a demanding flow rate based on a total number of the at least one evaporator; comparing at least two of the flow rate, the demanding flow rate and the secure flow rate with each other to obtain a compared result; and controlling the compressor based on the comparing result.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2012
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Ling-Yu Chao, Chung-Che Liu, Hsu-Cheng Chiang