Diverse Function Refrigeration Elements Controlled By Single Sensor Patents (Class 62/207)
  • Patent number: 9797608
    Abstract: In an air-conditioning apparatus including a plurality of indoor units connected to a heat medium converter and a plurality of remote controllers respectively provided for the indoor units, the remote controllers each include a temperature sensor that detect a temperature of a corresponding space to be air-conditioned, and are each configured to communicate with a heat medium converter controller of the heat medium converter and an indoor unit controller of the corresponding indoor unit, transmit an instruction to start and stop an operation and data related to rotation speed of an indoor air-sending device to the corresponding indoor unit controller, and transmit the instruction to start and stop the operation, and a target temperature and a temperature detected by the temperature sensor or a difference therebetween, to the heat medium converter controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Daisuke Shimamoto, Yuji Motomura, Osamu Morimoto, Takayoshi Honda, Tatsuo Ono, Koji Nishioka
  • Patent number: 9453671
    Abstract: A refrigerating and air-conditioning apparatus, which includes a compressor, a condenser, an expansion device, and an evaporator, has a refrigeration cycle configured by these components being connected by a refrigerant pipe, and uses a non-azeotropic refrigerant mixture as a refrigerant circulating through the refrigeration cycle, includes operating state detection means which detect a pressure of the refrigerant at the compressor, a temperature of the refrigerant at the compressor, and a rotation speed of the compressor, output detection means which detects an output of the compressor, and composition detection means which calculates a correlation between the pressure of the refrigerant at the compressor, the temperature of the refrigerant at the compressor, the rotation speed of the compressor, the output of the compressor, and a refrigerant composition and retains data indicating the correlation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventor: Yusuke Shimazu
  • Patent number: 9261297
    Abstract: A cooling device performance is improved by controlling the cycle of the refrigerant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Inventors: Yalcin Guldali, Talip Caglar
  • Patent number: 9151525
    Abstract: A method of operating an evaporator assembly in which a refrigerant is circulatable to transfer heat out of air in a housing. The evaporator assembly includes a thermostat that completes a solenoid control circuit when the temperature of the air in the housing is above a predetermined cut-in temperature, and opens the solenoid control circuit when the temperature of the air is below a predetermined cut-out temperature. The thermostat completes a fan control circuit when the solenoid control circuit is open, and opens the fan control circuit when the solenoid control circuit is completed. A fan controller detects a signal voltage when the fan control circuit is completed, and provides a first predetermined drive voltage to a fan motor drive. Upon the fan controller failing to detect the signal voltage, a second predetermined drive voltage being greater than the first predetermined drive voltage is provided to the motor drive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignee: National Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Canada Corp.
    Inventors: Vince Zolli, William J. Mead
  • Publication number: 20150068237
    Abstract: Dehumidification cannot be performed when a load decreases. In an air conditioner of the present invention, an indoor heat exchanger includes an auxiliary heat exchanger 20 and a main heat exchanger 21 disposed leeward from the auxiliary heat exchanger 20. In an operation in a predetermined dehumidification operation mode, a liquid refrigerant supplied to the auxiliary heat exchanger 20 all evaporates midway in the auxiliary heat exchanger 20. Therefore, only an upstream partial area in the auxiliary heat exchanger 20 is an evaporation region, while an area downstream of the evaporation region in the auxiliary heat exchanger 20 is a superheat region. In the predetermined dehumidification operation mode, a compressor and an expansion valve are controlled so that the extent of the evaporation region of the auxiliary heat exchanger 20 varies depending on the load.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Tomoyuki Haikawa, Tomoatsu Minamida
  • Publication number: 20150052917
    Abstract: To enable temperature adjustment of constant temperature liquid and pressure equalizing operations to be performed with a simple circuit configuration using one electronic expansion valve.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Applicant: SMC CORPORATION
    Inventor: Shintaro SUGIYAMA
  • Patent number: 8959940
    Abstract: In the invention, control of the expansion device is carried out based on the temperature difference between the refrigerant temperature of the first representative point that becomes a predetermined enthalpy under the refrigerant pressure of the gas cooler and the detection temperature of the outlet temperature sensor, and control of the rotation speed of the compressor and/or the rotation speed of the heat medium sending device is/are carried out based on the second representative point that is, under the refrigerant pressure of the gas cooler, a temperature different from the first representative point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Koji Yamashita, Hiroyuki Morimoto, Takeshi Hatomura
  • Patent number: 8939196
    Abstract: A secondary pump-type heat source system includes: heat sources connected in parallel; a load system in which the heat source water flows; a primary pump supplying the heat source water to the load system; a secondary pump provided for each heat source and supplies the heat source water subjected to heat exchange in the load system to the heat source; and a heat source controller calculating flow quantity of the heat source water flowing in the heat source side and flow quantity of the heat source water flowing in the load system side by assigning a result from measurement by a water temperature sensor detecting heat source temperature to an operating characteristic of each heat source and controlling operation of the secondary pumps based on the calculation result.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Toshiba Carrier Corporation
    Inventors: Takeru Morita, Yuuji Matsumoto, Seiji Tsukiyama, Manabu Yamamoto
  • Publication number: 20140150461
    Abstract: A refrigerated point-of-use food holding cabinet keeps food products cold in compartments having cross sections that are substantially U-shaped. Food products are kept refrigerated using heat-absorbing, heat-exchangers thermally coupled to the U-shaped compartment. Refrigeration is provided by either a conventional reversed-Brayton cycle, one or more Peltier devices or a chilled, re-circulating liquid that does not change phase as it circulates but which is chilled by another refrigeration system, such as a conventional refrigeration system. An optional cover helps prevent food flavor transfers between compartments. Semiconductor temperature sensors and a computer effectuate temperature control.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Inventor: Loren Veltrop
  • Publication number: 20130213067
    Abstract: A heat source device is provided with a differential pressure sensor that measures the differential pressure between an inlet pressure and an outlet pressure for the chilled water in an evaporator and with a control device. The control device possesses the coefficient of loss for the evaporator and is provided with a chilled-water flow-rate computing portion that calculates a chilled-water flow rate at the evaporator on the basis of the coefficient of loss and the differential pressure output from the differential pressure sensor; a control-command computing portion that generates a control command by using a specification heating-medium flow rate that is set in advance; and a control-command correcting portion that corrects the control command generated by the control-command computing portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Kazuki Wajima, Kenji Ueda, Masaharu Nitta
  • Publication number: 20130067945
    Abstract: The invention relates to a compressor/turbine arrangement for use in an air conditioning unit of an aircraft air conditioning system comprising a process air supply line which is designed to supply process air generated by a process air source to a compressor. A detection device is designed to detect a characteristic signal for the temperature of the process air flowing through the process air supply line. A turbine is designed to drive the compressor. A cooling device is disposed in a process air line connecting the compressor to the turbine and is designed to cool the process air coming out of the compressor and flowing through the process air line in the direction of the turbine. Downstream of the cooling device a connecting line branches off from the process air line and opens into the process air supply line. A control device is designed to control a process air flow through the connecting line in dependence on the signal detected by the detection device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2011
    Publication date: March 21, 2013
    Applicant: AIRBUS OPERAITONS GMBH
    Inventor: Juergen Kelnhofer
  • Publication number: 20120312042
    Abstract: Disclosed are a heat pump boiler and a control method for the same. The heat pump boiler includes an outdoor unit having an outdoor-unit heat-exchanger, a water pipe including a water-feed pipe and a water-return pipe connected to the outdoor unit to feed water to the outdoor unit or to return low-temperature or medium-temperature water produced in the outdoor unit to an external location, heat exchangers connected to the water pipe to produce medium-temperature or high-temperature water, a variable-capacity compressor connected to the heat exchangers, a buffer tank connected to the water pipe, and an externally-wound heat exchanger to collect waste heat radiated from the compressor. A temperature of water stored in the buffer tank is raised using the collected waste heat, and, during a defrosting operation, the water stored in the buffer tank is fed to the outdoor-unit heat-exchanger to defrost an evaporator of the outdoor unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2012
    Publication date: December 13, 2012
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Dong Woon Jeong, Sung Oug CHO, Kil Hong SONG, Rock Hee KIM, Sung Goo KIM
  • Publication number: 20120312031
    Abstract: A carrier for thermally sensitive items such as medications, biological tissue and the like comprises a cooling chamber for receiving items to be cooled and a thermoelectric heat transfer module using the Peltier effect to cool the chamber. To maximize the time the cooling chamber remains in a cooled state when the heat transfer module is deenergized, a polymer gel is confined in conductive heat transfer relationship with the cooling chamber wall to provide a “volume of cold” surrounding the cooling chamber. The polymer gel releases thermal energy to the cooling chamber as the chamber is cooled to attain essentially the same temperature as the cooling chamber and absorbs thermal energy from the cooling chamber when the heat transfer module is deenergized and the cooling chamber begins to warm. Absent active cooling this release and absorption of thermal energy maximizes the duration of cold temperatures in the cooling chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2012
    Publication date: December 13, 2012
    Inventors: Richard Elliot Olsen, Steven Jay Hansen
  • Publication number: 20120297804
    Abstract: In the invention, control of the expansion device is carried out based on the temperature difference between the refrigerant temperature of the first representative point that becomes a predetermined enthalpy under the refrigerant pressure of the gas cooler and the detection temperature of the outlet temperature sensor, and control of the rotation speed of the compressor and/or the rotation speed of the heat medium sending device is/are carried out based on the second representative point that is, under the refrigerant pressure of the gas cooler, a temperature different from the first representative point.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2010
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Applicant: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Koji Yamashita, Hiroyuki Morimoto, Takeshi Hatomura
  • Publication number: 20120125014
    Abstract: The invention is directed to an energy efficient thermoelectric heat pump assembly. The thermoelectric heat pump assembly preferably comprises two to nine thermoelectric unit layers capable of active use of the Peltier effect; and at least one capacitance spacer block suitable for storing heat and providing a delayed thermal reaction time of the assembly. The capacitance spacer block is thermally connected between the thermoelectric unit layers. The present invention further relates to a thermoelectric transport and storage devices for transporting or storing temperature sensitive goods, for example, vaccines, chemicals, biologicals, and other temperature sensitive goods. Preferably the transport or storage devices are configured and provide on-board energy storage for sustaining, for multiple days, at a constant-temperature, with an acceptable temperature variation band.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2010
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventors: Alp Ilercil, Tayfun Ilercil
  • Publication number: 20120111044
    Abstract: Embodiments of systems, apparatus, and/or methods can control temperature within a transport refrigeration unit using remote sensor or sensors. Embodiments can monitor cargo temperature with remote sensor(s) and air temperature to adjust air delivery speed or cooling capacity. Selected operation parameters can be determined with consideration of both energy conservation and/or cargo quality. Embodiments of systems, apparatus, and/or methods can control temperature within a transport refrigeration unit using a first selected mode of operation or a second mode of operation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2010
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: CARRIER CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yu H. Chen, Mingfei Gan
  • Publication number: 20120038120
    Abstract: In accordance with an embodiment of the invention, there is provided a system for cooling a load.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 12, 2011
    Publication date: February 16, 2012
    Inventors: Allen J. Bartlett, William Johnson, Mark Collins, Sergei Syssoev, James A. O'Neil, Michael J. Eacobacci
  • Publication number: 20110088416
    Abstract: An apparatus for monitoring an HVAC system. The apparatus comprises a freeze-up sensor, a vacuum sensor, and a thermostat. The freeze-up sensor communicates a signal to indicate that ice is developing in the HVAC system and the vacuum sensor communicates a signal to indicate that a vacuum pressure exists in the HVAC system. When a signal is detected, the apparatus deactivates the HVAC system to prevent damage. The thermostat comprises a touch-screen display with a continuous set-point.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2010
    Publication date: April 21, 2011
    Applicant: CoreRed, LLC
    Inventor: Cornelius Z. Koethler
  • Patent number: 7788938
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for regulating a coolant circuit (2) of a vehicle air conditioning system (4). According to said method, a target value (SW(VT)) for an evaporator temperature (VT) is predetermined in a base control circuit. Said value is used to determine a control value (U) for controlling the evaporator temperature (VT) by means of an evaporator temperature regulator (16). Said control value is also fed to a ventilator fan controller (26).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2010
    Assignee: Behr GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Wilhelm Baruschke, Armin Britsch-Laudwein, Karl Lochmahr
  • Publication number: 20090192650
    Abstract: In an air conditioning system a method for controlling enthalpy in the environment of a structure is disclosed. The blower speed is controlled in such a manner as to maintain the prescribed dew point temperature of the air passing over the evaporator coils. When the air to be cooled contains high relative humidity, a greater quantity of latent heat is rejected into the evaporator, resulting in less sensible heat being rejected. This results in higher sensible temperature of air passing over the evaporator coils and thus the blower speed is reduced in and effort to maintain dew point. Maintaining the prescribed dew point ensures that the air in the space is continuously maintained at the optimum humidity levels without the use of humidity sensors. Enthalpy is determined by observing relative blower speed and the refrigeration compressor is modulated based on the blower speed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2008
    Publication date: July 30, 2009
    Inventor: Robert Brian Tonner
  • Patent number: 7490479
    Abstract: According to some embodiments, a method, system, and apparatus to provide thermal management control. In some embodiments, the method includes receiving, by a control mechanism, a plurality of temperature representative signals from a plurality of temperature sensors, receiving a command signal from the control mechanism by an output weighting matrix mechanism, and controlling at least one thermal cooling device with at least one weighted output signal from the output weighting matrix mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2009
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Tod A. Byquist, Michael T. Crocker
  • Publication number: 20080196429
    Abstract: Systems and methods for pulse electrothermal and heat-storage ice detachment. A pulse electrothermal ice detachment apparatus includes one or more coolant tubes, and optionally, fins in thermal contact with the coolant tubes. The tubes and/or fins form a resistive heater. Apparatus applies electrical power to the resistive heater, generating heat to detach ice from the tubes and/or the fins. A freezer unit forms a heat-storage icemaking system having a compressor and a condenser for dissipating waste heat, and coolant that circulates through the compressor, the condenser and a coolant tube. The coolant tube is in thermal contact with an evaporator plate. A tank, after the compressor and before the condenser, transfers heat from the coolant to a heating liquid. The heating liquid periodically flows through a heating tube in thermal contact with the evaporator plate, detaching ice from the evaporator plate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Publication date: August 21, 2008
    Applicant: THE TRUSTEES OF DARTMOUTH COLLEGE
    Inventors: Victor Petrenko, Charles R. Sullivan
  • Publication number: 20080053124
    Abstract: A refrigeration and freezing control system and method thereof, which stores an object for preservation without quality deterioration for a long period, and which controls a supercooling or maintains freshness by controlling a frequency range. The refrigeration and freezing control system includes an electrode module having an anode and a cathode which faces the anode, and an electric field applying module which applies a voltage to the anode and the cathode, which generates an electric field having at least two frequency ranges between the anode and the cathode, and controls a frequency range of the applied voltage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2007
    Publication date: March 6, 2008
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kyung Il Cho, Jae Chan Park, Soo Bong Heo, Wan Taek Han, Min Sun Kim
  • Patent number: 7198766
    Abstract: Chilled coolant is prepared by liquid coolant utilizing the latent heat generated by a gasification of liquefied propylene, for example, and this chilled coolant is used in heat exchangers which are used in a process for production of acrylic acid or acrolein. This method allows effective utilization of the latent heat which used to be discarded and permits a reduction of energy consumption of cooling required separately in the step for production. By recovering the chilled coolant with the liquid coolant, it makes possible to stabilize the gasification of propylene, etc. and consequently stabilize the production of acrylic acid. This invention consists of providing the method for the production of acrylic acid, etc. and the apparatus which make effective use of the latent heat generated in the steps of production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2007
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuto Okazaki, Yukihiro Matsumoto, Kazuhiko Sakamoto, Osamu Dodo
  • Patent number: 6973794
    Abstract: A refrigeration system including a compressor, condenser, valve, and refrigeration branch, all of which is in fluid communication. The refrigeration branch includes an evaporator coil. The refrigeration system further includes a case adapted to be cooled by the evaporator coil, and a system controller operable to control one or more aspects of the refrigeration system, and a subsystem controller in communication with the system controller. The subsystem controller is operable to control a subsystem having one of the compressor, condenser, valve, refrigeration branch, and case. The method of operating the refrigeration system includes at the subsystem controller, monitoring a parameter of the subsystem, comparing the monitored parameter with a parameter limit, generating an alarm when the parameter is not within the parameter limit, and communicating the alarm to the system controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2005
    Assignee: Hussmann Corporation
    Inventors: Norman E. Street, Ted W. Sunderland
  • Patent number: 6938429
    Abstract: A refrigerating and air-conditioning system includes a refrigerating machine connected to a showcase by a first refrigerant flow passage, an air-conditioning apparatus for connection of an indoor equipment and an outdoor equipment by means of a second refrigerant flow passage, which forms a different refrigerant circuit from a refrigerant circuit formed by the first refrigerant flow passage, and a centralized control unit for controlling the refrigerating machine and the air-conditioning apparatus, the centralized control unit configured to reduce a cooling operation set temperature in the air-conditioning apparatus relative to a fixed value according to a load on the showcase. When a load on the showcase increases, an indoor temperature is reduced by the air-conditioning apparatus so that a load on the showcase is reduced, reduction in operating efficiency of the refrigerating machine is suppressed, and an improvement in energy saving quality is achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2005
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenichiro Katogi, Hidefumi Uesugi, Masashi Watanabe, Yasutaka Inaba
  • Publication number: 20040211202
    Abstract: A refrigerating and air-conditioning system is provided to comprise a refrigerating machine connected to a showcase by a first refrigerant flow passage to form a refrigerating apparatus, an air-conditioning apparatus for connection of an indoor equipment and an outdoor equipment by means of a second refrigerant flow passage, which forms a different refrigerant circuit from a refrigerant circuit formed by the first refrigerant flow passage, and a centralized control unit for controlling actions of the refrigerating machine and the air-conditioning apparatus, the centralized control unit being configured to reduce a cooling operation set temperature in the air-conditioning apparatus relative to a fixed value according to a load on the showcase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2003
    Publication date: October 28, 2004
    Inventors: Kenichiro Katogi, Hidefumi Uesugi, Masashi Watanabe, Yasutaka Inaba
  • Patent number: 6742349
    Abstract: Data is transmitted to a main control device via sensing means such as temperature sensors, each having a memory means in which the ID code is stored, and via transmitting/receiving means such as switching elements. There is a stand-by period in the operation of the main control device after the main control device issues a command to start a sensing operation until the main control device issues a command to perform a read operation. The main control device receives power through a signal line the voltage of which is kept at a high level during the stand-by period. Thus, an equipment sensing system and an equipment control device which enable reliable and quick sensing, cost reduction, smooth control, and simplified wiring are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2004
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sigekazu Kawai, Kazuya Imamura, Yutaka Ishii, Katsumi Maekawa, Tsutomu Ishikura
  • Publication number: 20040003611
    Abstract: A refrigerating device is equipped with a temperature sensor in the form of an infrared sensor (7), for detecting an operating temperature of the device. Said infrared sensor (7) is located on a board (5) in a non-refrigerated are of the refrigerating device, together with a control circuit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2003
    Publication date: January 8, 2004
    Applicant: BSH Bosh und Siemens Hausgerate GmbH
    Inventor: Alexander Walter
  • Publication number: 20020088240
    Abstract: The present invention provides a controlling apparatus and a controlling method for a mode change type refrigerating system allowing the most appropriate temperature control even with respect to various heating loads. When a person sets a target temperature setter and a fan setter in a motor vehicle as desired, a unit to be connected with a mode change condition circuit 101 is determined from among control units and from among calculation units of speed revision. A capacity control instruction value (Duty 1) calculated by controlling a temperature and a capacity control instruction value (Duty 2) calculated by revising a speed are added, then the capacity of a variable capacity type gas compressor is controlled with reference to a capacity control instruction value (Duty 3) as the added signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2001
    Publication date: July 11, 2002
    Inventors: Yongwei Shi, Akira Shimada
  • Patent number: 6389823
    Abstract: A two stage reciprocating compressor and associated HVAC systems and methods are disclosed. The reciprocating compressor includes a crankshaft having an eccentric crankpin, a reversible motor for rotating the crankshaft in a forward and a reverse direction, and an eccentric, two position cam rotatably mounted over the crankpin. The crankshaft and cam combine to cause the piston to have a first stroke when the motor operates in the forward direction and a second stroke when the motor operates in the reverse direction. The cam and crankpin also include stabilization means to restrict the relative rotation of the cam about the crankpin. A lubrication system is provided to lubricate the engaging surfaces of the crankshaft and cam and between the cam and the bearing surface of the connecting rod. There is also provided a control for selectively operating the motor either in the forward direction at a first power load or in the reverse direction at a reduced second power load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2002
    Assignee: Bristol Compressors, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph F. Loprete, Michael R Young, John W Tolbert, Jr., David T Monk, Philip C. Wagner, Joe T Hill, Larry Pippin, Robert B. Peters
  • Patent number: 5353604
    Abstract: The composition of a refrigerant in a refrigeration cycle is detected, so that the refrigeration cycle is controlled by a control method in accordance with the detected composition. A control target value is set in accordance with the detected composition, and when the composition is varied, the control target is changed in accordance with that variation. As a result, even when the refrigerant composition is varied, the refrigeration cycle can be operated stably. The refrigeration cycle uses a non-azeotrope refrigerant, and includes a device for detecting the composition of a non-azeotrope refrigerant; a device for detecting the operating state of the refrigeration cycle, i.e.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1994
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kensaku Oguni, Kazumoto Urata, Hiroaki Matsushima
  • Patent number: 4873838
    Abstract: In a refrigeration system having a compressor driven by a variable speed motor, the refrigerant flow volume through the expansion device is controlled by way of a solenoid driven piston which alternately opens and closes the orifice, with the duty cycle of the solenoid being controlled such that the time period in which the orifice is open is proportional to the speed of the motor. A bypass channel is provided in parallel around the orifice such that a minimal flow is provided to thereby share the load with the modulating orifice and act to dampen the movement of the solenoid piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1989
    Assignee: Carrier Corporation
    Inventors: Roger J. Voorhis, John M. Palmer
  • Patent number: 4227645
    Abstract: Means for air conditioning a building interior so as to afford optimum comfort to all its occupants in terms of their physical characteristics. An automatic control mechanism monitors devices for measuring humidity, air velocity, bulb temperature, and the weight and body temperature of humans or animals occupying the said interior. The mechanism comprises a calculator assembly comprising a computer and a comparator. Control is effected by comparing in the comparator the ideal temperature calculated by the computer with the actual measured temperature. The transmitted error signal imposes the control either on a heater or on a ventilator 1 in response to a command signal from a thermostat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1978
    Date of Patent: October 14, 1980
    Assignee: Institut Technique Du Porc
    Inventors: Bertran de La Farge, Alain Vincent