By Refrigerant Pressure Patents (Class 62/228.3)
  • Patent number: 11353244
    Abstract: A cooling system implements various processes to improve efficiency in high ambient temperatures. First, the system can flood one or more low side heat exchangers in the system. Second, the system can direct a portion of vapor refrigerant from a low side heat exchanger to a flash tank rather than to a compressor. Third, the system can transfer heat from refrigerant at a compressor suction to refrigerant at the discharge of a high side heat exchanger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2022
    Assignee: Heatcraft Refrigeration Products LLC
    Inventor: Shitong Zha
  • Patent number: 11248828
    Abstract: A refrigeration system includes a valve and a controller. The valve is configured to control the flow of refrigerant into an evaporator, the refrigerant having an associated liquid setting comprising a temperature and a pressure at which the refrigerant flows through the valve. The controller is operable to adjust the liquid setting, the adjusted liquid setting comprising a temperature and a pressure selected to improve energy efficiency under conditions currently being experienced by the refrigeration system, wherein the controller is operable to adjust the temperature and the pressure simultaneously such that the adjustment does not interfere with operation of the valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2022
    Assignee: Heatcraft Refrigeration Products LLC
    Inventors: Jonathan Douglas, Umesh Gokhale
  • Patent number: 10941956
    Abstract: A steady-state data processing method includes resetting a cumulative change of target determination data and a data detection period as 0; obtaining the detected target data; calculating the cumulative change of the target data. When the calculated cumulative change of the target data is less than a preset threshold, adjusting the data detection period, or when the calculated cumulative change of the target data is not less than the preset threshold, recording a data detection period. When the recorded data detection period is less than a preset time threshold, determining a target data result obtained in the period as unsteady-state data of the device; or when the recorded data detection period is not less than the preset time threshold, determining the target data obtained in the data detection period as steady-state data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: CARRIER CORPORATION
    Inventors: Xiangyu Gao, Hui Zhai, Runfu Shi, Guangyu Shen, YuHui Kuang, Yu Zhu
  • Patent number: 10921768
    Abstract: A method for operating a temperature control system is disclosed. The method includes monitoring an interior and exterior temperature of a structure, defining a first time range and a second time range, associating one or more operating parameters of the temperature control system with the first time range, associating one or more operating parameters of the temperature control system with the second time range, monitoring operational time and operational load of the cooling system for the first time range, predicting a space temperature and an outdoor air temperature for a subsequent time period, and controlling a ventilation subsystem during the second time range based upon the monitored operational time and operational load of the cooling subsystem for the first time range, the predicted space temperature, the predicted outdoor air temperature, and the one or more operating parameters of the cooling subsystem associated with the second time range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Assignee: Johnson Solid State, LLC
    Inventors: David Johnson, Jr., Valerie Jean Johnson, John Edward Dumar
  • Patent number: 10801734
    Abstract: A connected oven, including a set of in-cavity sensors and a processor configured to automatically identify foodstuff within the cooking cavity, based on the sensor measurements; and automatically operate the heating element based on the foodstuff identity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Assignee: June Life, Inc.
    Inventors: Nikhil Bhogal, Matthew Van Horn, Seunghoon Park, Ravishankar Sivalingam, Christopher Russell Clark
  • Patent number: 10627146
    Abstract: A system includes a sensor and a controller for a refrigeration or HVAC system having a compressor. The sensor senses a temperature of the compressor during operation of the compressor. The controller is configured to determine a rate of change of the temperature relative to time and to perform one or more procedures to protect the compressor based on the rate of change of the temperature. The one or more procedures to protect the compressor include shutting down the compressor, throttling a pressure regulator valve of an evaporator associated with the compressor, adjusting an expansion valve associated with the evaporator, reducing speed of the compressor, and partially or wholly unloading the compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Frank S. Wallis, Randall Knick, Diane Belinda Patrizio, Richard Allen Miu
  • Patent number: 10473375
    Abstract: Apparatus for controlling a cryogenic cooling system is described. A supply gas line (3A) and a return gas line (3B) are provided which are coupled to a compressor (1) and to a mechanical refrigerator (2) via a coupling element (4). The coupling element is in gaseous communication with the supply (2A) and return gas lines and supplies gas to the mechanical refrigerator (2). The pressure of the supplied gas is modulated by the coupling element in a cyclical manner. A pressure sensing apparatus (6) monitors the pressure in at least one of the supply and return gas lines. A control system (5) is used to modulate the frequency of the cyclical gas pressure supplied by the coupling element in accordance with the pressure monitored by the pressure sensing apparatus. An associated method of controlling such a system is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignee: Oxford Instruments Nanotechnology Tools Limited
    Inventors: John Garside, Matthias Buehler, Daniels Tortorella, Xing Yuan
  • Patent number: 10436460
    Abstract: Provided are an air conditioner and a method of controlling the same. The air conditioner includes an indoor unit including an indoor heat exchanger, a first outdoor unit connected to the indoor unit, the first outdoor unit including a first compressor compressing a refrigerant and a first outdoor heat exchanger, a second outdoor unit including an engine generating a power by using combustion gas, a generator supplying electricity into the first compressor by using the power generated in the engine, a second compressor compressing the refrigerant by using the power of the engine, and a second outdoor heat exchanger, and a controller determining an additional operation of the second compressor on the basis of required cooling or heating load while the first compressor operates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignee: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventors: Wooho Cha, Baikyoung Chung, Song Choi
  • Patent number: 10240835
    Abstract: A pilot on-off valve in a refrigeration cycle device includes a main on-off valve that opens or closes a bypass passage through which a high-pressure side portion and a low-pressure side portion of a cycle communicate with each other, and a pilot valve that opens or closes a communication passage through which an inflow port and an outflow port of the pilot on-off valve communicate with each other. When the main on-off valve opens the bypass passage, the pilot valve opens the communication passage in a state where a refrigerant passage, in which a refrigerant flowing out of the pilot on-off valve flows, is closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2019
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORTION
    Inventor: Hiromi Ohta
  • Patent number: 10006678
    Abstract: An air-conditioning apparatus includes a intermediate heat exchangers operating as a condenser or an evaporator and allows each intermediate heat exchanger to exchange heat between a refrigerant heated or cooled in a refrigeration cycle on a heat source side and a heat transfer medium flowing through a heat transfer medium circuit on a use side such that heat energy produced on the heat source side is transmitted to use side heat exchangers. A controller calculates the heat transfer medium temperature difference between a heat transfer medium inlet and outlet temperatures. When a detected value of a heat transfer medium temperature detecting device deviates from a predetermined range, the controller changes the target heat transfer medium temperature difference and controls a heat transfer medium flow control device, such that the heat transfer medium temperature difference reaches the changed target heat transfer medium temperature difference.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Keisuke Takayama, Koji Azuma, Yuji Motomura
  • Patent number: 9970698
    Abstract: A refrigeration system including a condenser; a (single) linear compressor that is activated and deactivated by a pulse width modulation switching device; a pulse width modulation refrigerant flow switch; at least two evaporators operably connected in parallel with one another with at least one evaporator associated with the refrigerator compartment that operates at a first refrigerant fluid pressure and with at least one other evaporator associated with the freezer compartment that operates at a second refrigerant fluid pressure; and a plurality of refrigerant fluid conduits operably connecting the condenser, the linear compressor and the evaporators into a refrigerant fluid flow circuit and such that the evaporators are capable of running simultaneously at different pressure levels and refrigerant flows from the evaporators, to the pulse width modulation refrigerant flow switch and through the pulse width modulation refrigerant flow switch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignee: Whirlpool Corporation
    Inventors: Alberto Regio Gomes, Raffaele Paganini
  • Patent number: 9726411
    Abstract: The present application provides a refrigeration system using a flow of a carbon dioxide refrigerant. The refrigeration system may include a flash tank, a number of temperature suction compressors for a temperature suction cycle, and a flash gas bypass system positioned between the flash tank and the cycle compressors. The flash gas bypass system may include one or more oversized flash gas compressors so as to alternate between the temperature suction cycle and a flash tank suction cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: Heatcraft Refrigeration Products L.L.C.
    Inventor: Augusto J. Pereira Zimmermann
  • Patent number: 9395112
    Abstract: A method for controlling operation of a vapor compression system (1), and a vapor compression system (1) are disclosed. The vapor compression system (1) comprises a compressor (2), a heat rejecting heat exchanger (3), a controllable valve (4), a receiver (5), at least one expansion device and at least one evaporator arranged along a refrigerant path having refrigerant flowing therein. The vapor compression system (1) is capable of being operated in a subcritical control regime as well as in a supercritical control regime.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: Danfoss A/S
    Inventor: Jan Prins
  • Patent number: 9163862
    Abstract: A heat pump includes a valve system that connects a receiver tank in fluid communication with an indoor heat exchanger, wherein the valve system, operating under a novel control scheme, works in conjunction with the receiver to control the heat pump's effective refrigerant charge. To avoid suction or discharge pressure faults and to help prevent slugs of liquid refrigerant from entering the heat pump's compressor as the heat pump switches between heating and cooling modes or switches between heating and defrost modes, the control scheme provides momentary periods of transition between those modes of operation. In some embodiments, the valve system comprises a check valve connected in parallel flow relationship with a two-position receiver valve, wherein the check valve has an appreciably higher flow coefficient than that of the receiver valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: Trane International Inc.
    Inventors: Scott A. Munns, Ladislas T. Gbetoho, Jean-Michel M. Genay, William B. Fox, George M. Singh
  • Patent number: 9010138
    Abstract: A variable displacement compressor adjusts the pressure in a control pressure chamber and controls the displacement in accordance with the adjusted pressure. Refrigerant is supplied via a supply passage, and released via a bleed passage. The compressor includes a first control valve for adjusting the cross-sectional area of the supply passage for refrigerant. The compressor further includes a second control valve that adjusts the cross-sectional area of the bleed passage in accordance with the opening/closing state of the first control valve. The second control valve adjusts the cross-sectional area of the bleed passage such that the cross-sectional area when the first control valve is in the closed state is larger than that when the first control valve is in the opened state. The back pressure chamber is located in a section of the bleed passage that is located between the second control valve and the control pressure chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Yoshida, Osamu Hiramatsu
  • Publication number: 20150052925
    Abstract: A refrigeration apparatus includes a compressor receiving refrigerant through an injection pipe and of discharging the refrigerant, a condenser, an electronic expansion valve connected by piping to another end of the injection pipe, a subcooling coil, a solenoid valve configured to control inflowing of the refrigerant through the injection pipe into the compressor, an injection bypass pipe connecting the injection pipe and a pipe on a suction side of the compressor, a solenoid valve configured to control passage of the refrigerant flowing through the injection bypass pipe, a high-low pressure bypass pipe connecting a pipe on a discharge side of the compressor and the pipe on the suction side of the compressor, a solenoid valve configured to control passage of the refrigerant through the high-low pressure bypass pipe, and a controller configured to control a frequency of the compressor and opening and closing of each of the solenoid valves.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Applicant: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Kenichi Hata, Hiroshi Sata
  • Patent number: 8925337
    Abstract: An air conditioning system having a cooling mode and a free-cooling mode is provided. The system includes a refrigeration circuit, two pressure sensors, a controller, and a pump-protection sequence resident on the controller. The refrigeration circuit includes a compressor and a pump. The first pressure sensor is at an inlet of the pump, while the second pressure sensor is at an outlet of the pump. The controller selectively operates in the cooling mode by circulating and compressing a refrigerant through the refrigeration circuit via the compressor or operates in the free-cooling mode by circulating the refrigerant through the refrigeration circuit via the pump: The pump-protection sequence turns the pump to an off state based at least upon a differential pressure determined by the controller from pressures detected by the first and second pressure sensors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Carrier Corporation
    Inventors: Damien Poux, Jean-Philippe Goux, Joseph Ballet
  • Patent number: 8858191
    Abstract: In a swash plate type compressor, provided is an introduction flow passage through which refrigerant is introduced from a suction chamber. Further, a differential pressure control valve is provided on the introduction flow passage. The differential pressure control valve acts due to a differential pressure (Pc?Ps) between a crank pressure Pc and a suction pressure Ps. An opening of the introduction flow passage is adjusted by the differential pressure control valve so as to prevent the crank pressure Pc from exceeding a predetermined value. According to the swash plate type compressor, an excessive elevation of the crank pressure Pc can be prevented without a usage of a check valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Calsonic Kansei Corporation
    Inventor: Takamasa Onda
  • Publication number: 20140260343
    Abstract: Detection of reverse rotation or operation of a refrigerant compressor is provided. In one aspect, a detection technique includes starting the compressor and determining the compressor is rotating in a reverse direction if a dome temperature of the compressor fails to exceed a first predetermined threshold at or before expiration of a first predetermined period of time following starting, the refrigerant pressure at a refrigerant inlet of the compressor remains constant for a second predetermined period of time following starting, and/or the frequency of pressure oscillations of the refrigerant at the refrigerant inlet exceeds a second predetermined threshold. Another technique for determining the compressor is rotating in the reverse direction involves analyzing a waveform associated with motor current, motor torque, or refrigerant pressure. Further embodiments, forms, features, and aspects shall become apparent from the description and drawings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: TRANE INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Raymond Walter Rite, Chuan Yan, Bill Brandt
  • Patent number: 8826680
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for controlling a discharge pressure of a compressor relative to a suction pressure of the compressor. The discharge pressure and suction pressure of the compressor are monitored and compared with a predetermined maximum pressure ratio of discharge pressure to suction pressure. If the pressure ratio of discharge pressure to suction pressure exceeds a predetermined pressure ratio limit less than the maximum pressure ratio, a controller unloads the compressor. The predetermined pressure ratio limit is determined relative to the measured suction pressure. The discharge pressure and suction pressure are further monitored and the compressor is inhibited from being reloaded for a predetermined time delay. After the predetermined time delay has elapsed, the compressor is reloaded only if i) the discharge pressure falls below a predetermined reload pressure and ii) the chiller system requires additional cooling capacity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Johnson Controls Technology Company
    Inventors: Curtis C. Crane, Martin L. Doll, Jr., Glenn E. Nickey
  • Patent number: 8793003
    Abstract: A method and a system control an operation of a vapor compression system using a set of control inputs. A control value is determined based on an output of the operation of the vapor compression system and a setpoint for the operation of the vapor compression system. The control value is used to select at least a subset of the set of control inputs from a computer-readable medium, wherein the subset of control inputs, along or in combination with a function of the control value, forms the set of control inputs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher Laughman, Daniel Nikolaev Nikovski
  • Patent number: 8739565
    Abstract: A machine for producing liquid and semi-liquid consumer food products comprises one or more containers (2) for a basic product of the consumer product to be made; a refrigeration system (3) acting on the containers (2) to reduce the temperature of the basic product; the refrigeration system (3) comprising a predetermined refrigerant; the refrigerant being carbon dioxide and the refrigeration system (3) being set up to carry out a transcritical refrigeration cycle on the refrigerant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Carpigiani Group—Ali S.p.A.
    Inventors: Gino Cocchi, Gianni Zaniboni, Roberto Lazzarini
  • Patent number: 8720213
    Abstract: A variable displacement compressor with a compensated suction shutoff valve (SSV). The SSV prevents noise generated by a suction reed valve at low refrigerant flow rates in an internal suction region from propagating to an air conditioner evaporator by moving a piston to obstruct an opening and restrict fluid communication. The degree of restriction is decreased by an opening force generated by refrigerant at an external suction pressure acting over a first area, and increased by refrigerant at a crankcase pressure acting over a second area. The second area is smaller than the first area so that at high refrigerant flow rates, the effect of crankcase pressure is reduced so that the restriction is reduced and the compressor operates at greater efficiency. The piston position is also influenced by refrigerant at a pressure intermediate the external suction pressure and the internal suction pressure acting over a third area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Theodore R. Cochran, Joseph M. Bona, Gregory M. Dennis, Matthew R. Warren
  • Patent number: 8671697
    Abstract: Techniques herein describe a pumping system, adapted to reduce or eliminate fluid cavitation. Optionally, the pumping system is adapted for application to a passive fluid recovery system. In one example, the pumping system includes a pump and a thermal sub-cooling device. The thermal sub-cooling device may sub-cool fluid input to a pump and heat fluid output from the pump, particularly under start-up conditions. In a further example, a controller manages power supplied to both the pump and the thermal sub-cooling device, to transition from an ambient temperature start-up condition to an elevated temperature operating condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Parker-Hannifin Corporation
    Inventors: Sammy Lee Zimmerman, Charles L Tilton
  • Patent number: 8578723
    Abstract: An air-conditioning system control apparatus for controlling an air-conditioning system of a vehicle equipped with a motive power engine, having: a device for determining whether there is a history of a load that has been applied to a compressor, operated by the output of the motive power engine, equal to or greater than a threshold, during operation of the air-conditioning system; a device for carrying out initial operation process of the air-conditioning system if the load history determination device determines that there is a history of a load equal to or greater than the threshold has been applied to the compressor; and a device for carrying out liquid accumulation resolution process when liquefaction of a refrigerant occurs in the compressor only if the load history determination device determines that there is no history of a load equal to or greater than the threshold has been applied to the compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Kazuma Miyazaki
  • Patent number: 8567206
    Abstract: A vehicle air conditioning system includes a controller that initially controls operation of a compressor to switch between inactive and active states in response to detecting that an operating condition is equal to or surpasses a first operation threshold. The controller determines a first time delay occurring between initiating the switch from one of the inactive and active states to the other of the compressor, and an actual change in the operating condition. The controller subsequently defines a first limit that is offset from the first operation threshold such that the controller controls the operation of the compressor to subsequently switch from the one of inactive and active states to the other in response to detecting that the operating condition is equal to or surpasses the first limit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Nissan North America, Ic.
    Inventor: Ronald S. Eisenhour
  • Patent number: 8555665
    Abstract: A system and a method for operating a variable-displacement compressor are provided wherein a volume of a compression chamber of at least one cylinder is varied during a compression cycle, wherein during the cycle the at least one cylinder is alternately coupled to a low pressure side and a high pressure side of the compressor. A first thermodynamic state of the low pressure side and a second thermodynamic state of the high pressure side can be estimated and a current compression ratio ( v in v out ) of the compressor can be estimated. Accordingly, a compressor displacement (D) as a function of the compression ratio ( v in v out ) can be calculated. From this, a compressor torque (M) depending on the calculated displacement (D) can be computed, and the compressor torque (M) can be provided to a control unit for operating the compressor or an engine coupled to the compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Volvo Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Andreas Sjöberg, Andreas Roupè
  • Patent number: 8489267
    Abstract: In a hybrid-electric vehicle that includes a cabin, methods and systems are provided for modifying a first curve for engine coolant temperature (ECT) warm-up trajectory. The system includes a processor configured to execute software instructions, and a memory configured to store software instructions accessible by the processor. In one embodiment, the software instructions comprise an offset lookup table that is configured to generate, based on a calculated thermal power loss across a heater core and an ambient air temperature, an offset value for modifying the first curve for ECT warm-up trajectory to produce a desired curve for ECT warm-up trajectory that is offset from the first curve. The desired curve for ECT warm up trajectory is used to adjust temperature in the cabin so that fuel consumption can be reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Paul S. Lombardo, Allen J. Lehmen
  • Patent number: 8484984
    Abstract: A cooling system is provided that comprises: a refrigerant loop having a pump; an evaporator heat exchanger thermally coupled to a heat source, the evaporator plumbed in the loop; a condensing heat exchanger and a receiver plumbed in the loop; and an equalizing conduit plumbed between an inlet to the condenser and the receiver and comprising a flow regulating valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Liebert Corporation
    Inventor: Ian Spearing
  • Patent number: 8434316
    Abstract: A compressor inlet pressure estimation apparatus for a refrigeration cycle system is disclosed. An electronic control unit 14 answers YES by judging that the command to start a compressor 2 is issued when an air-conditioning switch is turned on in step S100. After that, the electronic control unit 14 answers NO in the case where a timer count time Tc is shorter than a predetermined time T1 in step S120. At the same time, Tefin_C is set to 15° C. in step S130. The lower one of Tefin_C and Tefin determined in this way is determined as Tefin_d (step S150). After that, Tefin_d is input to the first-order lag function to acquire Tefin_AD(N). Then, the control proceeds to step S170, where the estimated value Ps_es(N) of the refrigerant inlet pressure of the compressor 2 is determined using Tefin_AD(N) and Gr.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshikatsu Sawada, Yasutane Hijikata
  • Patent number: 8434315
    Abstract: A compressor drive torque estimating device to be adapted for a system provided with a refrigeration cycle in which a refrigerant is circulated by a compressor driven by a drive source mounted in a vehicle, comprising heat load detecting means for detecting a heat load of the refrigeration cycle, a storage unit storing a plurality of estimated drive torque characteristics establishing correlation between a drive torque change characteristic of the compressor and an elapsed time from a time of start of operation of the compressor, an estimated drive torque characteristic selecting means for selecting the one of the plurality of estimated drive torque characteristics stored in the storage unit based on detected values detected by the heat load detecting means, and an estimated drive torque calculating means for calculating an estimated drive torque of the compressor based on the estimated drive torque characteristic selected by the estimated drive torque characteristic selecting means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshikatsu Sawada, Yasutane Hijikata
  • Patent number: 8429924
    Abstract: The present invention includes a novel fuel management and auxiliary power system and apparatus having a control module in control of auxiliary equipment and accessories and climate control functions of a vehicle, while the vehicle's engine is not running. The system of this invention is capable of detecting warning states and providing status indicators to an operator on a graphical user interface. At the graphical user interface, the operator is capable of initiating start up of the system and accessing status and historical technical data of the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Inventors: David E. Ratliff, Gregory S. Davis
  • Patent number: 8424328
    Abstract: A refrigerant system is provided with a suction pulse width modulation valve, and a pulse width modulation control for controlling this valve. System pressures, such as the pressure on the evaporator and the condenser are monitored. The measured system pressures are maintained within a band of acceptable lower and upper limits. As the pulse width modulation control cycles the valve, the refrigerant pressures in the evaporator and the condenser tend to fluctuate. The control ensures those fluctuations are within the limits by controlling the duty cycle of the valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Carrier Corporation
    Inventors: Alexander Lifson, Michael F. Taras
  • Patent number: 8408018
    Abstract: A refrigeration device includes a switching valve control section for outputting a switching signal for controlling a four-way switching valve to a predetermined switching state when starting a compression mechanism; and a switching determination section which, when starting only a first compressor as a start-up of the compression mechanism, outputs a low differential pressure signal if a differential pressure between a high-pressure port and a low-pressure port in the four-way switching valve falls below a determination value in a determination operation after the switching signal being outputted by the switching valve control section. After the switching determination section outputs the low differential pressure signal, a capacity control section starts a second compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masaaki Takegami, Satoru Sakae
  • Patent number: 8397522
    Abstract: A dynamic system controls indoor relative humidity and temperature to achieve specified conditions by applying multiple stages of dehumidification. In addition to a stage that increases dehumidification by reducing the speed of the indoor blower, the system uses a reheat coil and multiple valves that allow the reheat coil to function as either a subcooling coil or a partial condenser. Thus the system can maintain specified indoor temperature and humidity conditions even at times when no heating or cooling is needed. The system may have an outdoor condensing unit including a compressor and a condenser operably connected via refrigerant lines to an indoor unit to form a “split system” refrigerant loop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: Davis Energy Group, Inc.
    Inventors: David A. Springer, Marc A. Hoeschele, James H. Phillips
  • Patent number: 8393170
    Abstract: A capacity control system for a variable capacity compressor includes target suction pressure setting means for setting, based on external information input from external information detection means, a target suction pressure for controlling the pressure in a suction pressure region as a control target, suction pressure estimation means for estimating, based on the external information, a pressure that is estimated to prevail in the suction pressure region if the variable capacity compressor is operated with a maximum discharge capacity, and discharge capacity determination means for determining, based on the suction pressure estimated by the suction pressure estimation means and the target suction pressure set by the target suction pressure setting means, whether the variable capacity compressor is operating with the maximum discharge capacity or with a controlled discharge capacity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: Sanden Corporation
    Inventor: Yukihiko Taguchi
  • Publication number: 20130036757
    Abstract: A refrigeration cycle apparatus 100 is provided with a refrigerant circuit 106, an injection flow passage 111, and a high-pressure supply passage 130. The refrigerant circuit 106 includes a low-pressure stage compressor 105, a high-pressure stage compressor 101, a heat radiator 102, an expander 103, a gas-liquid separator 108, and an evaporator 104. The expander 103 and the low-pressure stage compressor 105 are coupled by a power-recovery shaft 107. The refrigeration cycle apparatus 100 is further provided with a flow passage-switching mechanism that selectively connects one of the evaporator 104 and the high-pressure supply passage 130 to the low-pressure stage compressor 105. The flow passage-switching mechanism, for example, is constituted by an on-off valve 131 and a check valve 132.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 21, 2011
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Applicant: PANASONIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Atsuo Okaichi, Takeshi Ogata, Masanobu Wada
  • Publication number: 20130019620
    Abstract: A helium management control system for controlling the helium refrigerant supply from a common manifold supplies cryogenic refrigerators with an appropriate helium supply. The system employs sensors to monitor and regulate the overall refrigerant supply to deliver an appropriate refrigerant supply to each of the cryogenic refrigerators depending on the computed aggregate cooling demand of all of the cryogenic refrigerators. An appropriate supply of helium is distributed to each cryopump by sensing excess and sparse helium and redistributing refrigerant accordingly. If the total refrigeration supply exceeds the demand, or consumption, excess refrigerant is directed to cryogenic refrigerators which can utilize the excess helium to complete a current cooling function more quickly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2012
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Applicant: Brooks Automation Inc.
    Inventors: Paul E. Dresens, Gary S. Ash, Allen J. Bartlett, Bruce Andeen, Y. Robert Than, Joseph Chopy, JR.
  • Patent number: 8336324
    Abstract: A turbo chiller equipped with a high-efficiency two-stage turbo compressor is provided. In a turbo chiller including a control unit for controlling the degrees of opening of first inlet guide vanes of a first impeller and second inlet guide vanes of a second impeller, the control unit has a slave mode in which the second inlet guide vanes are operated so as to be dependent on the first inlet guide vanes in a slave-mode priority region, and an independent mode in which the degree of opening of the second inlet guide vanes is increased independently of the first inlet guide vanes in an independent-mode priority region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenji Ueda, Yoshinori Shirakata
  • Patent number: 8328525
    Abstract: An inverter-integrated electric compressor has a control device. The control device estimates a compressor suction pressure based on the temperature of the power element of the inverter, or directly measures the compressor suction pressure by a sensor, or estimates the compressor suction pressure based on a compressor suction temperature or on a compressor housing temperature. Further, the control device calculates a motor torque based on a motor rotational speed, a motor phase current, and a motor phase voltage, estimates a compressor discharge pressure based on the compressor suction pressure and the motor torque, and estimates a compressor discharge temperature based on the compressor suction pressure and the compressor discharge pressure. The electric compressor has a discharge temperature detection device in place of a conventional thermal protector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Sanden Corporation
    Inventors: Satoru Saito, Tomokazu Naruta, Shigeyuki Koyama
  • Patent number: 8302415
    Abstract: A method for controlling a refrigeration system with a variable compressor capacity, and at least two refrigeration entities, e.g. display cases, includes controlling suction pressure by either permitting or preventing the flow of refrigerant into the evaporators of one or more refrigeration entities. The method also includes controlling compressor capacity based on a signal derived from one or more properties of the one or more refrigeration entities, said signal reflecting a possible difference between the current compressor capacity and a current refrigeration demand of the refrigeration system. The method reduces wear on compressors by avoiding switching them ON or OFF to the largest extent possible, and also prevents problems relating to conflicting control strategies due to control parameters, e.g. suction pressure, being determined based on two or more controllable parts, e.g. compressors and flow of refrigerant into refrigeration entities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: Danfoss A/S
    Inventors: Claus Thybo, Ole Ploug
  • Publication number: 20120247139
    Abstract: A screw compressor includes a valve hole formed at a discharge side end surface of a discharge casing and at a position opening to a compression work chamber; a bypass flow path having the valve hole and a discharge chamber communicate with each other; and a valve body arranged in the valve hole. The screw compressor also includes cylinder chambers provided on a rear surface side of the valve body; a piston reciprocally moving in the cylinder chambers; a rod connecting the piston and the valve body; communication paths for introducing a fluid on a discharge side into the cylinder chamber on a side opposite to a valve body side of the piston and on the valve body side; a pressure discharge path; a plurality of valve means; and a controller controlling the plurality of valves means.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 10, 2012
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Applicant: Hitachi Appliances, Inc.
    Inventors: Ryuichiro Yonemoto, Eisuke Kato, Masayuki Urashin, Shinichiro Yamada
  • Publication number: 20120247140
    Abstract: A variable displacement compressor adjusts the pressure in a control pressure chamber and controls the displacement in accordance with the adjusted pressure. Refrigerant is supplied via a supply passage, and released via a bleed passage. The compressor includes a first control valve for adjusting the cross-sectional area of the supply passage for refrigerant. The compressor further includes a second control valve that adjusts the cross-sectional area of the bleed passage in accordance with the opening/closing state of the first control valve. The second control valve adjusts the cross-sectional area of the bleed passage such that the cross-sectional area when the first control valve is in the closed state is larger than that when the first control valve is in the opened state. The back pressure chamber is located in a section of the bleed passage that is located between the second control valve and the control pressure chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Applicant: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA JIDOSHOKKI
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Yoshida, Osamu Hiramatsu
  • Patent number: 8261562
    Abstract: A helium management control system for controlling the helium refrigerant supply from a common manifold supplies a plurality of cryogenic refrigerators with an appropriate helium supply. The system employs a plurality of sensors to monitor and regulate the overall refrigerant supply to deliver an appropriate refrigerant supply to each of the cryogenic refrigerators depending on the computed aggregate cooling demand of all of the cryogenic refrigerators. An appropriate supply of helium is distributed to each cryopump by sensing excess and sparse helium refrigerant and redistributing refrigerant accordingly. If the total refrigeration supply exceeds the total refrigerant demand, or consumption, excess refrigerant is directed to cryogenic refrigerators which can utilize the excess helium to complete a current cooling function more quickly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: Brooks Automation, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul E. Dresens, Gary S. Ash, Allen J. Bartlett, Bruce Andeen, Y. Roberto Than, Joseph Chopy, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8256238
    Abstract: An air conditioning system for a vehicle has a refrigerant cycle device which has an evaporator and a compressor and in which refrigerant is discharged from the compressor to be evaporated in the evaporator so that air passing the evaporator is cooled to be blown into a passenger compartment of the vehicle. The control unit drives the compressor at a control value which is determined based on at least one of a pressure of the refrigerant in the refrigerant cycle device and an outside-air temperature outside the passenger compartment, when the control unit actuates the compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Katsuhiko Honda, Takeshi Wakisaka
  • Patent number: 8225621
    Abstract: A method and system for detecting and correcting unintended reverse or backward operation of an electric motor driven scroll compressor of a refrigeration system is characterized by monitoring the pressure at a suction side of the compressor during operation of the refrigeration and determining whether the pressure, after a first time interval following startup of the compressor, exceeds and remains in excess of a predetermined upper pressure limit for at least a second time interval. If it does, the compressor is turned off for a third time interval and is then restarted. The foregoing is repeated and if the compressor is turned off a selected number of times because of successive occurrences of high suction side pressures during operation of the refrigeration system in a chilling cycle, an error indication is generated and the refrigeration system is shut down.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: IMI Cornelius, Inc.
    Inventors: Vincenzo DiFatta, Daniel D. Prochaska, Sr., Christopher J. Knight, Wali Li, Nikolay V. Popov
  • Patent number: 8186172
    Abstract: A structure for sensing refrigerant flow rate in a compressor. The structure includes a passage forming member, a restriction hole, a differential pressure-type flow rate sensor, and a partition plate. The compressor includes a housing connected to an external refrigerant circuit via a refrigerant passage. The passage forming member is connected to an outer surface of the housing and forms a part of the refrigerant passage. The restriction hole divides the refrigerant passage into an upstream passage and a downstream passage. The upstream passage is formed in either the housing or the passage forming member. The sensor is provided in the passage forming member and detects pressure in the upstream passage and pressure in the downstream passage to sense flow rate of refrigerant in the refrigerant passage. The partition plate is disposed between the housing and the passage forming member. The restriction hole is formed in the partition plate to extend through the partition plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki
    Inventors: Yoshinori Inoue, Hirokazu Mesaki, Atsuhiro Suzuki
  • Patent number: 8181473
    Abstract: In a refrigeration cycle device in which a compressor is driven by power transmitted from an engine, a torque limiter is adapted to interrupt a transmission of the power from the engine to the compressor when a torque transmitted from the engine to the compressor becomes a predetermined value. A control unit is adapted to determine whether the transmission of the power from the engine to the compressor is interrupted by the torque limiter by determining whether a deviation of a refrigerant discharge pressure of the compressor is below a predetermined pressure when the control unit commands the compressor to change the refrigerant discharge flow amount of the compressor. Thus, the control unit can determine whether the torque limiter interrupts the transmission of power from the engine to the compressor without, using a compressor revolution sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2012
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Takeshi Wakisaka, Satohisa Yoshida, Yoshihiro Furumoto, Yasuaki Akabane
  • Publication number: 20120111039
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention permit the transfer of heat energy from one process fluid to another in an industrial process without the need for an energy field or centralized energy storage. Preferred embodiments include one or more heat transfer modules that draw heat from one process fluid into circulating refrigerant in an evaporator heat exchanger and supply that heat to a different process fluid in a condenser heat exchanger. In some embodiments, adjustments are made to one or more parameters of one or more process fluids to ensure the desired heat transfer is accomplished with the heat transfer module's compressor operating near optimum efficiency.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2011
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: TITAN, INC.
    Inventors: Jack W. Allen, Hans B. Alwin
  • Patent number: 8151585
    Abstract: A system and method is provided for monitoring a system pressure to infer whether a high pressure cut out (HPCO) switch has opened disabling a heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) compressor. A system and method are also provided for determining whether to disable the heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) compressor based on a status of a low pressure cut out (LPCO) switch, an ambient temperature, and system mode state. The systems and methods may be used interchangeably with the appropriate adjustments to decision limits, such as where the LPCO may be monitored to infer status and the HPCO status may be directly used with temperature and system mode state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Trane International Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan D. Douglas, John R. Edens, Alan D Marble, Kevin B. Mercer, Gary L. Sapp, Brett R. Schneider, Steven A. Tice