With Vaporizing Of Liquified Gas Downstream Of Storage Patents (Class 62/50.2)
  • Patent number: 10815978
    Abstract: Hydraulic fracturing systems and methods that are configured for enhanced mobility. The hydraulic fracturing systems and methods utilize power supply components, power generating devices, and electrically powered devices that are relatively small and lightweight, thereby making the systems they are used in more easily transportable without sacrificing system performance when delivering pressurized fracturing fluid to one or more wellbores. Due to their relatively small size, the hydraulic fracturing systems may require less maintenance and may therefore be relatively inexpensive to own and operate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2020
    Assignee: Supreme Electrical Services, Inc.
    Inventor: Cory Glass
  • Patent number: 10753165
    Abstract: An electric driven hydraulic fracking system is disclosed. A pump configuration includes the single VFD, the single shaft electric motor, and the single hydraulic pump mounted on the single pump trailer. A controller associated with the single VFD and is mounted on the single pump trailer. The controller monitors operation parameters associated with an operation of the electric driven hydraulic fracking system as each component of the electric driven hydraulic fracking system operates to determine whether the operation parameters deviate beyond a corresponding operation parameter threshold. Each of the operation parameters provides an indicator as to an operation status of a corresponding component of the electric driven hydraulic fracking system. The controller initiates corrected actions when each operation parameter deviates beyond the corresponding operation threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: National Service Alliance—Houston LLC
    Inventors: John Fischer, John J. Crosetto, David Kubricht, Richard Cheatham, Jeffrey Pollack, Chad Lawman, David Todd, Tyler Nolen
  • Patent number: 10746482
    Abstract: Methods, systems and apparatuses are directed to a capacity modulating assembly configured to distribute two-phase refrigerant mixture to an evaporator of a HVAC system, such as a micro-channel heat exchanger (MCHEX) evaporator. The capacity modulating assembly may include a plurality of expansion devices. During capacity modulation, at least one of the plurality of expansion devices can be closed so that a refrigerant flow rate through the remaining expansion devices can be maintained. The capacity modulating assembly can include a refrigerant outflow port, which may help direct refrigerant out of the heat exchanger. The capacity modulating assembly can be connected with the MCHEX. The plurality of expansion devices can be configured to extend inside a header of the MCHEX to help distribute refrigerant to the micro-channel tubes of the MCHEX.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2020
    Assignee: TRANE INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Jun Wang, Roger Voorhis, Robert Fredrick Schult, Justin Slade Winters
  • Patent number: 10711547
    Abstract: An electric driven hydraulic fracking system is disclosed. A pump configuration includes the single VFD, the single shaft electric motor, and the single hydraulic pump mounted on the single pump trailer. A controller associated with the single VFD and is mounted on the single pump trailer. The controller monitors operation parameters associated with an operation of the electric driven hydraulic fracking system as each component of the electric driven hydraulic fracking system operates to determine whether the operation parameters deviate beyond a corresponding operation parameter threshold. Each of the operation parameters provides an indicator as to an operation status of a corresponding component of the electric driven hydraulic fracking system. The controller initiates corrected actions when each operation parameter deviates beyond the corresponding operation threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: National Service Alliance—Houston LLC
    Inventors: John Fischer, John J. Crosetto, David Kubricht, Richard Cheatham, Jeffrey Pollack, Chad Lawman, David Todd, Tyler Nolen
  • Patent number: 10704373
    Abstract: A method and a system for pressurizing a reservoir volume including fluid in a formation with a parent well extending through the formation includes storing liquefied natural gas (LNG) at an on-site location of the parent well, de-liquefying the LNG to form natural gas at the on-site location, and injecting the natural gas into the parent well to pressurize the reservoir volume through the parent well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald G. Dusterhoft, Neil A. Stegent, Enrique A. Reyes, Doug W. Walser
  • Patent number: 10655784
    Abstract: A gas supply device includes a storage container that accumulates liquefied gas, a vaporizer for vaporizing liquefied gas derived from the storage container, a compression device that compresses gas vaporized from the liquefied gas in the vaporizer, a pressure accumulator that accumulates gas compressed in the compression device, and a supply path linked to a dispenser from the pressure accumulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Akitoshi Fujisawa, Kenji Nagura
  • Patent number: 10539271
    Abstract: A compressed natural gas storage and dispensing system having bulk storage tanks in fluid communication with a natural gas supply source; a compressor to produce compressed natural gas; dispensing storage tanks in fluid communication with the bulk storage tanks and in fluid communication with fuel dispensers; a liquified natural gas storage tank in fluid communication with the bulk storage tanks, wherein compressed natural gas resulting from vaporization of the liquified natural gas within the liquified natural gas storage tank is transferred to the bulk storage tanks as a supplemental source of compressed natural gas, or wherein liquified natural gas is vaporized in an ambient vaporizer and delivered to the bulk or dispensing storage tanks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: HOLYSTONE USA, INC.
    Inventor: R. Keith Barker
  • Patent number: 10515426
    Abstract: A method of estimating a characteristic (Qn?, Q1?) of a load of liquefied natural gas being transported by a tanker at any point on a route (401, P; 501, 502, 503), the method being characterized in that the estimation is made by integrating, over the route (410, 411, 412, 420; 510, 511, 512) from a reference point (400, P; 500) at which said characteristic is known (Qn, Ql), a relationship associating the instantaneous transformation of the load with instantaneous navigation conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2019
    Assignee: Engie
    Inventors: Frederic Legrand, Benoit Portannier, Yacine Zellouf, Laurent Benoit
  • Patent number: 10415757
    Abstract: A heat exchange system employed to gasify liquid natural gas (LNG) or for other required purpose includes the cold substance such as LNG, a heat dissipation apparatus, a water storage tank, a heating portion, and a cooling portion. The heating portion is coupled between the cold substance and the water storage tank. The cooling portion is coupled between the heat dissipation apparatus and the water storage tank. The cooling portion transmits heat of the heat dissipation apparatus to water of the water storage tank to cool the heating portion, and the heating portion transmits heat of the water of the water storage tank to the cold substance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: HONGFUJIN PRECISION ELECTRONICS (TIANJIN) CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tze-Chern Mao, Chih-Hung Chang, Yen-Chun Fu, Chao-Ke Wei, Yao-Ting Chang, Hung-Chou Chan
  • Patent number: 10329960
    Abstract: A method for generating electricity by means of a nuclear power plant and a liquid vaporization apparatus involves producing heat energy by means of the nuclear power plant and using the heat energy to vaporize water or to heat water vapor, expanding the water vapor formed in a first turbine and using the first turbine to drive an electricity generator in order to produce electricity, vaporizing liquefied gas coming from a cryogenic storage in order to produce a pressurized gas, reheating the pressurized gas with a part of the water vapor intended for the first turbine of the power plant and expanding the pressurized fluid in a second turbine to produce electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme Pour L'Etude et L'Exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Benoit Davidian, Cyrille Paufique
  • Patent number: 10329959
    Abstract: A method for generating electricity by means of a thermal power plant and a liquid vaporization apparatus involves producing heat energy by means of the power plant and using the heat energy to vaporize water or to heat water vapor, expanding the water vapor formed in a first turbine and using the first turbine to drive an electricity generator in order to produce electricity, vaporizing liquefied gas coming from a cryogenic storage in order to produce pressurized gas, reheating the pressurized gas with a part of the water vapor intended for the first turbine of the power plant and expanding the pressurized fluid in a second turbine to produce electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme pour L'Etude Et L'Exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Benoit Davidian, Cyrille Paufique
  • Patent number: 10330262
    Abstract: A heat exchange system includes a cold source, a heat dissipation apparatus, a water storage tank, a heating portion, and a cooling portion. The heating portion is coupled between the cold source and the water storage tank. The cooling portion is coupled between the heat dissipation apparatus and the water storage tank. The cooling portion transmits heat of the heat dissipation apparatus to water of the water storage tank to cool the heating portion, and the heating portion transmits heat of the water of the water storage tank to the cold source to heat the cold source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: Cloud Network Technology Singapore Pte. Ltd.
    Inventors: Tze-Chern Mao, Chih-Hung Chang, Yen-Chun Fu, Chao-Ke Wei, Yao-Ting Chang, Hung-Chou Chan
  • Patent number: 10317111
    Abstract: In a process for vaporizing a liquid stream rich in carbon dioxide wherein a liquid first stream rich in carbon dioxide is withdrawn from a chamber containing liquid rich in carbon dioxide and gas rich in carbon dioxide, the gas being at a pressure P1, the liquid first stream is sent to a heat exchanger where it is vaporized, all the liquid from the first stream is vaporized in the heat exchanger at a pressure or several pressures greater than P1, the vaporized first stream is extracted from the heat exchanger, expanded in a first expansion valve and sent to the heat exchanger where it is heated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme Pour L'Etude Et L'Exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Alain Briglia, Arthur Darde, Ludovic Granados, Christophe Szamlewski
  • Patent number: 10315971
    Abstract: Systems and processes for heat recovery associated with the separation of hydrocarbon components. Two compressors are used to compress a portion of an overhead vapor stream from a fractionation column. A pressure of the liquid portion of the compressed overhead is reduced and used to recover heat from an overhead of another separation zone having a fractionation column. Once the heat has been recovered the stream is recompressed. The recovered heat may be removed from the recompressed stream in a reboiler of another fractionation column. The fractionation columns may comprise a deethanizer stripper, propane-propylene splitter, and a depropanizer column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Stephen T. King, Michael R. Van de Cotte, Adam J. Kanyuh, Steven C. Kozup
  • Patent number: 10312531
    Abstract: A mixer/eductor assembly for use with a fuel cell stack having an anode-side and a cathode-side, said mixer/eductor assembly mixing and at least partially combusting anode exhaust gas output from the anode-side and an oxidant supply gas, said mixer/eductor assembly comprising: a first area receiving and mixing a first portion of the anode exhaust gas and a first portion of the oxidant supply gas to form a first mixture, the first area being configured so as to initiate a combustion reaction in the first mixture; a second area coupled with the first area, the second area receiving to and mixing a second portion of the anode exhaust gas and a second portion of the oxidant supply gas to form a second mixture, wherein: the first mixture has a predetermined oxidant to fuel ratio smaller than the oxidant to fuel ratio of the second mixture; and the first area provides an ignition source to promote continuous combustion of the second mixture in the second area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.
    Inventors: William J. Snyder, Michael P. Quatannens, Dennis R. Farrenkopf
  • Patent number: 10196940
    Abstract: A method for generating electricity by means of a nuclear power plant and a liquid vaporization apparatus involves, during a first period, producing heat energy by means of the nuclear power plant and using the heat energy to vaporize water or to heat water vapor, expanding the water vapor formed in a first turbine and using the first turbine to drive an electricity generator in order to produce electricity, vaporizing liquefied gas coming from a cryogenic store in order to produce pressurized gas, reheating the pressurized gas with a part of the water vapor intended for the first turbine of the nuclear power plant and expanding the pressurized fluid in a second turbine to produce electricity and, during the second period, liquefying the gas to be vaporized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme Pour L'Etude Et L'Exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Benoit Davidian, Cyrille Paufique
  • Patent number: 10174728
    Abstract: A heat storage device including a fuel tank holding a fuel to be combusted in an engine, a heat storage vessel including a heat storage material that dissipates heat by adsorbing or chemically reacting with a fuel gas that has been vaporized, and that stores heat by desorption by heating the fuel gas, a first flow path to feed the fuel from the fuel tank to the heat storage vessel, and a second flow path to feed the fuel gas from the heat storage vessel to the engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA CHUO KENKYUSHO
    Inventors: Takafumi Yamauchi, Yasuki Hirota
  • Patent number: 10125751
    Abstract: Disclosed is an liquid natural gas supply and delivery system with a multimode fuel gas delivery system and process. The tender is capable of supplying gaseous methane fuel to an cryogenic tank via direct pumping, pressure transfer, or any combination mode due to a configuration of pumps, heat exchangers, and piping and controls. There is redundancy in the tender and it can operate with saturated or unsaturated liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: Chart, Inc.
    Inventors: Terry Johnson, Tom Drube
  • Patent number: 10125771
    Abstract: The invention provides a cryogenic liquid pump system, having a first end with at least an insulating lid and motor; a second end, wherein the second end is a pump, said pump comprising an impeller; and a gas release plate upstream of the impeller; and a shaft disposed between the first end and the second end, wherein the motor imparts mechanical energy to the pump through the shaft. Also provided is a method for preventing cavitation of a cryogenic liquid in a cryogenic pump, the method having the steps of constantly maintaining pressure on the liquid in the pump and evacuating gas bubbles that form within the pump.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC
    Inventors: Shane A. Caldwell, Gang Li
  • Patent number: 10101081
    Abstract: A method of temperature control in a cryogenic temperature control apparatus. The method includes operating the cryogenic temperature control apparatus in a first mode, and delivering a first flow rate of cryogen from a storage tank to an evaporator coil in the first mode. The cryogenic temperature control apparatus is operated in a second mode after operating the cryogenic temperature control apparatus in the first mode for a predetermined time duration. A second flow rate of cryogen that is lower than the first flow rate is delivered to the evaporator coil in the second mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: THERMO KING CORPORATION
    Inventors: Herman H. Viegas, David J. Vander Woude, Suresh Kumar, Joseph L. Glentz
  • Patent number: 10100979
    Abstract: A method of liquid air energy storage is provided. This method includes liquefying and storing air to form a stored liquid air during a first period of time; during a second period of time, introducing a compressed air stream into a cryogenic system, wherein the cryogenic system comprises at least one cold compressor, and at least one heat exchanger. The method includes producing a first exhaust stream and a second exhaust stream. The method also includes vaporizing at least part of the stored liquid air stream in the heat exchanger, thereby producing a first high pressure compressed air stream, then combining the first high pressure compressed air stream, the first exhaust stream and the second exhaust stream to form a combined exhaust stream, heating the combined exhaust stream, then expanding the heated combined exhaust stream in an expansion turbine to produce power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme Pour L'Etude Et L'Exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Bao Ha, Jean-Renaud Brugerolle
  • Patent number: 10060672
    Abstract: This invention is about an air separation apparatus to produce oxygen and nitrogen through isobaric separation, which is based on the Rankine cycle system of similar thermal energy power circulation apparatus at cryogenic side, a liquid pump is used to input work and the cold is made up to the air separation apparatus with refrigerating media, so as to realize the isobaric separation of air to produce nitrogen and oxygen. The air separation apparatus of this invention can save energy by over 30% as compared with the traditional advanced apparatus with the identical refrigerating capacity, and it can also realize centralize gas supply via the air separation apparatus, therefore it constitutes a breakthrough to the traditional air separation technology and refrigeration theory, with substantial economic, social and environmental protection benefits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: NANJING RECLAIMER ENVIRONMENTAL TEKNIK CO., LTD
    Inventor: Haibo Wang
  • Patent number: 9845917
    Abstract: A method for filling at least one buffer container of a hydrogen filling station, the station comprising a fluid circuit linked to said at least one buffer container, the circuit of the filling station comprising a first end linked to at least one source of hydrogen gas, the circuit comprising a second end provided with a transfer conduit intended to be removably connected to a tank, the method being characterized in that it comprises a step of determining the current concentration of at least one impurity in the hydrogen in the buffer container during the filling of same, a step of comparing said current concentration of the impurity relative to a predefined threshold concentration and, when the current concentration of the at least one impurity reaches said threshold concentration, stopping the filling of said buffer container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide Société Anonyme Pour L'Étude Et L'Exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventor: Laurent Allidieres
  • Patent number: 9835291
    Abstract: A storage tank includes a tank roof and a tank sidewall. At least one opening is located in at least one of the tank roof or the tank sidewall. A pipe extends through the at least one opening, the pipe having a sleeve assembly positioned around the pipe. The sleeve assembly also extends through the opening. The sleeve assembly includes a sleeve, at least one layer of insulation, and an inner flange. The inner flange is located on a first end of the sleeve and is coupled to the pipe. The sleeve, in turn is coupled to the tank such that the inner flange is located within the storage tank. The at least one layer of insulation is positioned in an annulus between the pipe and the sleeve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Assignee: Chicago Bridge & Iron Company
    Inventors: John M. Blanchard, Mark Butts
  • Patent number: 9695984
    Abstract: A plant for regasification of LNG includes a pump boosting LNG pressure, an LNG/coolant heat exchanger producing NG from LNG from the boosting pumps, and a closed coolant loop extending through the LNG/coolant heat exchanger and including a heat exchanger. The coolant from the heat exchanger is passed through the LNG heat exchanger as a gas and leaving in a condensed state to produce NG by thermal exchange. A heating medium is used within the heat exchanger to provide coolant in a gaseous state. An NG/coolant heat exchanger is arranged in connection with the LNG/coolant heat exchanger and is connected to the closed coolant loop. LNG is preheated within the LNG/coolant heat exchanger and NG is trim heated within the NG/coolant heat exchanger using liquid coolant from at least one heat exchanger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2017
    Assignee: Hamworthy Gas Systems AS
    Inventor: Per Helge S. Madsen
  • Patent number: 9656533
    Abstract: A heat exchanger apparatus for a vehicle includes a heat exchanging unit including one or more plate units in which two or more plates are stacked to form different connection channels and exchanging heat with each other while different operating fluids pass through the respective connection channels in the heat exchanging unit, an upper cover mounted on one side of the heat exchanging unit, and including a plurality of inlets that introduce each operating fluid into the heat exchanging unit and are interconnected with the respective connection channels, and a lower cover mounted on the other side of the heat exchanging unit, and including a plurality of outlets that are interconnected with the respective connection channels so as to discharge the each operating fluid passing through the heat exchanging unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Wan Je Cho, Jae Yeon Kim, Soo Yong Park
  • Patent number: 9459185
    Abstract: Provided herein is a solar powered system for a gas sampling and analysis for placement and operation remote from conventional infra-structure that utilizes a minimum of power to obtain a sample extracted from a source such as a pipeline or well-head, conditions the extracted sample, transmits the conditioned sample through vacuum jacketed tubing to an analyzer while maintaining the sample at a temperature and pressure preventing phase transition, condensation or component partitioning.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignee: Mustang Sampling LLC
    Inventors: Kenneth O. Thompson, Claude A. Rolston, Timothy L. Querrey, Charles F. Cook
  • Patent number: 9404623
    Abstract: A system and method of receiving field gas from a compressor station pipeline, and compressing the gas at a remote location with a modular compressor. The compressed gas is collected in a container and transported to a wellsite for use at the wellsite. The gas from the pipeline is directed to the container, and diverted to the modular compressor when pressure in the container approaches pressure in the pipeline. The modular compressor discharge is piped to the container, so that the container is filled with additional gas and at the discharge pressure of the modular compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Manik Kapoor
  • Patent number: 9291309
    Abstract: The invention provides a hydrogen dispensing system comprising: a feed vessel for storing liquid hydrogen having an inlet and an outlet; a flash drum having an inlet and an outlet; a dispenser for dispensing gaseous hydrogen at a pressure of greater than 300 bar, having an inlet and an outlet wherein the feed vessel outlet is in fluid communication with the flash drum inlet, the flash drum outlet is in fluid communication with the dispenser inlet and there is no compression apparatus between the feed vessel outlet and the dispenser outlet. The invention also provides a method of providing gaseous hydrogen to a vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Nikunj Gupta, Brad John Smith
  • Patent number: 9200848
    Abstract: An exemplary air heat exchanger is an engine configuration including a front heat exchange unit including a front air-to-air intercooler configured to receive a stream of air, and a front radiator connected to the front air-to-air intercooler. The engine configuration also includes a rear heat exchange unit including a rear radiator and a rear air-to-air intercooler connected to the rear radiator. An internal combustion engine is located such that the rear air-to-air intercooler is located between the engine and the front air-to-air intercooler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Inventor: Chenfei Lu
  • Patent number: 9164016
    Abstract: The device for sampling and vaporizing liquefied natural gas includes a circuit provided at one end with a device for collecting a sample of liquefied gas and conveying the sample to a measurement device. The circuit includes and passes through a device for vaporizing the sample. The device for vaporizing includes at least one vaporization chamber having a first convergent section portion and a second divergent section portion and shaped so as to vaporize the sample under supercritical conditions at a pressure of greater than 80 bar without fractionating. The vaporization chamber includes, at the entrance of the first convergent section portion, a port with a variable opening. The port is sized so as to limit the vaporization pressure to a maximum of 90 bar in conjunction with a fixed opening at the outlet of the second divergent section portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: OPTA PERIPH
    Inventor: Pierre Barere
  • Patent number: 9157578
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a gas supply device having a compact configuration that enables prevention of vaporized gas by requisite minimum heating means from being liquefied again and an installation area to be considerably reduced. The gas supply device is provided with: a tank configured to retain material liquid; and a mass flow controller that is connected to an inside of the tank through a first valve unit, and controls a flow rate of gas resulting from vaporizing the material liquid, in which inside an outer wall of the tank, an internal flow path is formed, and the internal flow path is provided with a generated gas lead-out line provided with: a first valve flow-in flow path connecting the inside of the tank and a first inlet port; and a first valve flow-out flow path connecting a first outlet port and an introduction port of the mass flow controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: HORIBA STEC, Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Tatsuya Hayashi
  • Patent number: 9139313
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a system and compact method of bottling gas (1), that can be installed in any the retail sales establishment to bottle cylinders (3) directly to the consumer, or in vehicles to bottle the cylinders (3) in the residences where they are consumed, the compact system of bottling gas (1) comprising a device for transfer of gas, from a reservoir (2) to gas cylinders (3) located in closed compartments (4), allowing the consumer a choice of quantity of gas and further eliminating the inconveniences of exchanging the cylinder (3) or its transport to remote locations for refill.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2015
    Inventors: Daniel Camilotti, Flavio Camilotti
  • Patent number: 9080726
    Abstract: A tank system for a motor vehicle, tank system including at least one first compressed gas vessel defining a first vessel space configured to receive natural gas, and at least one second compressed gas vessel defining a second vessel space configured to receive at least one of natural gas and liquefied gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: MAGNA STEYR Fahrzeugtechnik AG & Co KG
    Inventors: Werner Lindtner, Peter Pucher
  • Publication number: 20150121905
    Abstract: A thermodynamic pump for provides gaseous hydrogen employing a plurality of liquid hydrogen (LH2) tanks sequentially pressurized with gaseous hydrogen (GH2) from an accumulator. A heat exchanger receiving LH2 from each of the plurality of tanks as sequentially pressurized returns pressurized GH2 to the accumulator for supply to an engine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2015
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventor: Daniel A. Watts
  • Publication number: 20150121904
    Abstract: In a heater for a liquefied stream, a first heat transfer zone has a box stretching longitudinally along an axis. A first heat transfer surface is arranged inside the box, across which a first indirect heat exchanging contact is established between a liquefied stream that is to be heated and a heat transfer fluid. A second heat transfer zone is located gravitationally lower and includes a second heat transfer surface across which the heat transfer fluid is brought in a second indirect heat exchanging contact with the ambient. A downcomer fluidly connects the first heat transfer zone with the second heat transfer zone and has a first transverse portion and a first downward portion that are fluidly connected to each other via a connecting elbow portion. The connecting elbow portion, when viewed in a vertical projection on a horizontal plane, is located external to the box compared to the axis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Roderick Kempes, Robert Lansink, Gregory Martin Parry Perkins, Leendert Johannes Arie Zoetemeijer
  • Patent number: 8991197
    Abstract: In one embodiment of the disclosure, an apparatus is provided for fueling a device using a cryogenic fluid. The apparatus may comprise: a cryogenic fluid supply container; a vessel connected to the supply container with an entrance valve to regulate flow of cryogenic fluid from the supply container; a heat transfer system capable of transferring heat from a device to the vessel to heat gas in the vessel; and an accumulator connected to the vessel with an exit valve to regulate flow of gas from the vessel to the accumulator. The accumulator may be capable of being connected to a device. In other embodiments, methods are provided of controllably mixing at least one fluid within a fluid mixing device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Daniel A. Watts, Jason A. Grow
  • Publication number: 20150075189
    Abstract: A low-loss cryogenic fluid supply system having at least one main cryogenic fluid tank and a backup cryogenic fluid tank each having a vent set to a first pressure P1 and a pressure build circuit set to a second pressure P2, a main tank gas supply line configured to supply gas to a junction at a third pressure P3, a main tank liquid supply line configured to supply gas to the junction at a fourth pressure P4, a backup tank liquid supply line configured to supply gas to the junction at a fifth pressure P5, a backup tank backpressure regulator configured to supply gas to a point upstream to the main tank gas supply line at a sixth pressure P6, and an outlet supply line configured to supply gas from the junction at an end use pressure Pu, where P1>P3?P2, P1?P6>P2, P6?P3>P4>P5>Pu.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Applicant: Air Products And Chemicals Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas Gerard Witte
  • Patent number: 8973398
    Abstract: A method for vaporizing a liquefied natural gas (LNG) stream and recovering heavier hydrocarbons from the LNG utilizing a heat transfer fluid is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Kellogg Brown & Root LLC
    Inventor: David A. Coyle
  • Patent number: 8959931
    Abstract: The present application is directed to methods and systems for transporting or importing LNG via vessels. Under the present techniques, SRTs, which are equipped with regasification equipment, LNG offloading equipment (e.g. marinized mechanical loading arms), LNG storage tanks, and equipment to transfer natural gas to an import terminal are utilized as temporary interchangeable FSRUs (TIFs). Two or more TIFs in conjunction with transport vessels (e.g. LNGCs) are utilized to transfer LNG between an export terminal and an import terminal. A first of the TIFs is utilized at an import terminal to offload LNG from LNGCs, while the second of the TIFs is utilized as a LNGC, carrying LNG between the export terminal and import terminal. The first of the TIFs may be replaced by the second of the TIFs to maintain operations for the import terminal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company
    Inventors: William S. Mathews, Mark E. Ehrhardt
  • Patent number: 8950195
    Abstract: A thermodynamic pump for provides gaseous hydrogen employing a plurality of liquid hydrogen (LH2) tanks sequentially pressurized with gaseous hydrogen (GH2) from an accumulator. A heat exchanger receiving LH2 from each of the plurality of tanks as sequentially pressurized returns pressurized GH2 to the accumulator for supply to an engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventor: Daniel A. Watts
  • Patent number: 8950196
    Abstract: Contemplated power plants and LNG regasification facilities employ a combination of ambient air and non-ambient air as continuous heat sources to regasify LNG and to optimize power production. Most preferably, contemplated plants and methods are operable without the need for supplemental heat sources under varying temperature conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Fluor Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: John Mak
  • Patent number: 8943842
    Abstract: A process and apparatus that includes a cryogenic source for providing a cryogenic fluid for vaporization, a cryogenic pump in fluid flow communication with the cryogenic source for increasing the pressure of the cryogenic fluid, an unfired vaporizer coolant circuit 110 in fluid flow communication with the cryogenic pump and adapted to accept the cryogenic fluid to form a heated stream, a direct-fired vaporizer downstream and in fluid flow communication with the unfired vaporizer coolant circuit 110 and adapted to accept the heated stream from the unfired vaporizer coolant circuit to form a superheated stream; and a diesel engine power unit 118 to provide power to the cryogenic pump, the unfired vaporizer coolant circuit 110, and the direct-fired vaporizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: John Charles Street, Paul Martin Davis
  • Patent number: 8939166
    Abstract: TurbinAL™ is a high-flow carbon dioxide system providing continuous, pressure and temperature regulated gas supply of carbon dioxide for turbine system purging. In a preferred embodiment, the TurbinAL™ system has: a) Four or more dip-tube equipped carbon dioxide cylinder six- or sixteen-packs with integral check valves, flow restriction orifices, and single outlet manifolds; b) Two flow manifolds which are connected to the packs with flexible gas safety lines; c) A transducer controlled automatic switchover manifold that switches gas flow from one flow manifold to the other with no interruption in gas flow; d) An electric heater system designed to vaporize liquid carbon dioxide drawn from a cylinder (via the dip tube) to be supplied to the turbines as a temperature controlled gas; e) A programmable logic controller (PLC) to automatically control and monitor system functions; and f) A flow control device to prevent excess flow to the turbine(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Air Liquide America Specialty Gases LLC
    Inventors: James A. Shurtleff, Joseph K. Bernacki, Martin O'Toole
  • Patent number: 8931287
    Abstract: A water-going liquefied carbon dioxide (LCD) transport vessel having a pressurized and refrigerated LCD container, a cargo discharge pump within the container for pumping LCD out of] the container along a conduit, a booster pump for pumping LCD along the conduit to a platform, a first backflow line downstream of the cargo pump to the container, a second backflow line from downstream of the booster pump to the container, and optionally a heater arranged to heat LCD flowing from the vessel along the conduit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Inventors: Audun Aspelund, Henrik Krogstad, Tor Erling Sandvik, Jan Einar Fivelstad, Roar Frode Henningsen, Leif Roar Wongraven, Tor Erik Hilden, Narve Oma
  • Patent number: 8893515
    Abstract: A LNG storage and regasification plant includes a reliquefaction unit in which boil-off vapors from the storage tanks are re liquefied and recycled back to the LNG storage tanks for tank pressure and Wobbe index control. Preferably, LNG cold is used for reliquefaction and operational flexibility is achieved by feeding a portion of the pressurized boil-off gas to a fuel gas header and/or to be recondensed by the sendout LNG.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Fluor Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: John Mak
  • Patent number: 8893514
    Abstract: A cryogenic liquid storage system for a spacecraft comprising at least one liquid tank with an outer casing and an evacuated space arranged between the tank and the outer casing. The system further comprises a propellant management device made of material that is a good conductor of heat and that is cooled by a cryorefrigerator to localize the liquid inside the tank when in microgravity, a filler pipe situated in the portion of the tank that is at the bottom when the tank is on the ground, and that is surrounded by an evacuated insulating double wall and a purge pipe connecting the tank to the outer casing and presenting an internal length that is not less than half the diameter of the tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: SNECMA
    Inventor: Dominique Valentian
  • Publication number: 20140338371
    Abstract: An LNG carrier for transporting LNG from one location to another that includes a vaporizer on board said LNG carrier for vaporizing the LNG to a gaseous state, one or more heat exchangers at least partially submerged in seawater, an intermediate fluid circulating between said vaporizer and said heat exchanger, and one or more pumps for circulation said intermediate fluid is disclosed. A method of regasifying LNG while on board an LNG carrier is provided that includes circulating an intermediate fluid between a vaporizer on board the LNG carrier and a submerged or partially submerged heat exchanger, heating the LNG to a temperature above its vaporization temperature using heat energy carried by said intermediate fluid and heating the intermediate fluid, using heat energy supplied by the submerged or partially submerged heat exchanger.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2014
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventor: Alan B. Nierenberg
  • Patent number: 8887513
    Abstract: Systems and methods for heating a cryogenic fluid are provided. A cryogenic fluid can be heated to provide a partially cryogenic vaporized fluid having a first temperature. The partially vaporized cryogenic fluid can be partially vaporized to provide a second partially vaporized fluid having a second temperature. At least a portion of the second, partially vaporized, cryogenic fluid can be used to heat the cryogenic fluid to the first temperature. The second, partially vaporized, cryogenic fluid can be partially vaporized to provide a substantially vaporized cryogenic fluid having a third temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Kellogg Brown & Root LLC
    Inventors: Heinz J. Kotzot, Felix J. Fernandez de la Vega, Joseph H. Cho, Charles Durr, Robert Burlingame
  • Publication number: 20140326000
    Abstract: A liquid natural gas tank (LNG) pressure management system is provided. The system includes an LNG bulk tank, an LNG fuel tank operably connected to the LNG bulk tank, a compressed natural gas (CNG) accumulator operably connected to the LNG fuel tank and a liquid natural gas cryogenic pump operably connected to the liquid natural gas fuel tank and the liquid natural gas bulk tank. The pressure management system is configured to direct boil off gas (BOG) to the compressed natural gas accumulator upon a predetermined condition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 1, 2013
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Applicant: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventor: Stephen Sampson