Envelope Type Patents (Class 62/530)
  • Patent number: 10084348
    Abstract: Wireless energy transfer apparatus include, in at least one aspect, a device resonator configured to supply power for a load by receiving wirelessly transferred power from a source resonator; a temperature sensor positioned to measure a temperature of a component of the apparatus; a tunable component coupled to the device resonator to adjust a resonant frequency of the device resonator, an effective impedance the device resonator, or both; and control circuitry configured to, in response to detecting a temperature condition using the temperature sensor, (i) tune the tunable component to adjust the resonant frequency of the device resonator, the effective impedance of the device resonator, or both, and (ii) signal the source resonator regarding the temperature condition to cause an adjustment of a resonant frequency of the source resonator, a power output of the source resonator, or both.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: WiTricity Corporation
    Inventors: Morris P. Kesler, Katherine L. Hall, Andre B. Kurs, Aristeidis Karalis, Marin Soljacic, Andrew J. Campanella, David A. Schatz
  • Patent number: 9615966
    Abstract: An externally-applied heat exchange pad has three layers laminated together, an inner and outer non-conductive layer and a middle conductive layer. A leak in the inner layer causes coolant to contact the middle layer and change impedance, which can be sensed and used as an indication of an impending total leak of the pad.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: ZOLL CIRCULATION, INC.
    Inventors: Stelica Stelea, David Searl Kimball, Lynn Miyeko Shimada, Kenneth A. Collins, Grant Palmer
  • Patent number: 9376605
    Abstract: A phase change device for controlling temperature within a confined environment, comprising a foam material, a phase change material, the phase change material being absorbed into the foam, and a protective covering encasing the foam material/phase change material. A method for making a phase change device for controlling temperature within a confined environment, comprising providing a phase change material, providing a foam material, absorbing the phase change material into the foam material, and sealing the foam material/phase change material within a protective covering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Assignee: Sonoco Development, Inc.
    Inventors: Auston Robert Matta, Jeremy Vaught, Kenneth Maltas
  • Patent number: 9022249
    Abstract: A thermally insulated sandwich polyurethane (PUR) shipper for a temperature sensitive payload is provided. The sandwich PUR shipper comprises an outer corrugated box, an inner corrugated box, vacuum insulated panels (such as VIP panels) and PUR foam. The inner box is nested within the outer box and has a bottom, sides and a top. The inner box defines a payload compartment. The VIP panels are adhered to the outer facing surfaces of the inner box. Preferably the VIP panels are wedged against each other so that a side edge of one VIP panel abuts an adjacent VIP panel. The PUR foam fills the space between the VIP panels and the outer box. The PUR foam may cover the top edges of the VIP panels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Sonocco Development, Inc.
    Inventor: Ajit Ranade
  • Patent number: 8955351
    Abstract: An energy storable air conditioning device includes a main body, at least one air blower module and at least one energy storage module. The main body has an air inlet, an air outlet and several receiving spaces connected to each other and disposed between the air inlet and the air outlet. The air blower module includes a first drawer inserted into one of the receiving spaces and a fan disposed in the first drawer. The energy storage module includes a second drawer inserted into another one of the receiving spaces and an energy storage unit disposed in the second drawer. The first drawer is connected to the second drawer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Kunshan Jue-Chung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Dah-Chyi Kuo, Xue-Hai Wang, Ling Long
  • Patent number: 8938986
    Abstract: A modular container for maintaining an article under controlled temperature conditions includes a generally rectangular box-shaped enclosure defining an interior volume, wherein at least one enclosure side includes an access opening to allow for insertion or removal of the article within the interior volume, and wherein enclosure sides may be made of an insulating material. The modular container further includes at least two first phase change elements including a first phase change material, wherein each of said at least two first phase change elements is positioned adjacent one of a pair of opposed enclosure sides, at least two buffer inserts disposed within said enclosure, and at least two second phase change elements including a second phase change material, to one of the at least two buffers inserts wherein the second phase change material changes phase at a different temperature than the first phase change material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Sonoco Development, Inc.
    Inventors: Auston R. Matta, Craig M. Cless, Philip T. Melcher, Matthew J. MacMillan, Benjamin G. VanderPlas, Kenneth L. Maltas, Kushal S. Amin
  • Patent number: 8937212
    Abstract: A feminine cooling pad is configured for use in cooling a woman's vulva and/or adjacent region. The cooling pad may be configured for single use and be disposable so as to include a liquid permeable layer configured to be oriented toward a user's skin during use. A liquid absorbent layer is adjacent to the liquid permeable layer and configured to absorb bodily fluids or discharges during use. A cooling layer is adjacent to the liquid absorbent layer and configured to provide a cooling effect for a period of time of at least about 15 minutes when the cooling pad is placed against a user's skin. An adhesive layer is adjacent to the cooling layer and adheres the feminine cooling pad to a user's undergarment during use and maintains the cooling pad in a desired orientation relative to the user's body. A feminine heating pad may be provided by including a microwavable material that becomes warm or hot when placed in a microwave oven.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Inventors: Michelle Fogg, John Guynn
  • Patent number: 8899072
    Abstract: An adapter for mounting an icemaker on top of an ice bin of an ice and beverage dispenser has a lid mounted for both sliding movement and pivotal movement relative to the remainder of the adapter. The lid normally covers an inlet to the ice bin. To expose the ice bin inlet for visually inspection of the interior of the bin and/or to accommodate manual filling of the bin with ice, the lid is manually slid forward off of and then be rotated away from the bin inlet to fully expose the inlet. The lid at all times remains connected to the adapter so that it is not lost or exposed to unsanitary conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Cornelius, Inc.
    Inventors: Shaji Kulangara Veettil, Nishant Kulkarni, Douglas Anderson
  • Patent number: 8887515
    Abstract: A thermal management system includes a case; an insulation material provided within the case, the insulation material defining an interior volume of the insulation material; a liner arranged in the interior volume, the liner having an inner surface that extends toward a center of the case; an outer container of phase change material provided in the liner, the outer container comprising a plurality of outer panels containing a first phase change material, the plurality of outer panels comprising a bottom outer panel, a top outer panel, and side outer panels; and an inner container of phase change material provided in the outer container, the inner container comprising a plurality of inner panels containing a second phase change material; wherein an outer surface of each of the side outer panels is parallel with the inner surface of the liner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Pelican BioPharma, LLC
    Inventor: Christopher H. Patstone
  • Publication number: 20140331714
    Abstract: A flat storage ice pack is provided that is designed to effectively wrap around square containers, such as prisma containers. The ice pack is comprised of a container having at least four segments each including a column of freezable liquid. The segments are designed to separate the freezable liquid columns from each other at a distance that will allow the columns, when frozen, to create right angles relative to one another. In this manner, the ice pack is able to sizably fold around a square container by creating corners between the columns for received corresponding corners of square objects, such a prisma containers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Inventor: Susan Leslie
  • Patent number: 8857209
    Abstract: An apparatus carries and stores foodstuffs in a desired ambient temperature, and comprises a primary tray, a shroud, and a lid. The primary tray comprises an inner support platform portion and an outer shroud-receiving portion. The shroud comprises an inner cover portion and an outer wall portion contiguous with the inner cover portion. The inner cover portion defines a downwardly open matter-receiving space for covering matter supported by the support platform portion. The outer wall portion and the inner cover portion define an upwardly open medium-receiving space for receiving and positioning a heat transfer medium adjacent the matter-receiving space. The lid is seatable upon the shroud for covering the medium-receiving space. A series of fastening mechanisms removably fasten the primary tray to the shroud. A heat transfer medium is receivable in the medium-receiving space for effecting heat transfer intermediate the medium-receiving and matter-receiving spaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Inventor: Junli Wang
  • Patent number: 8839642
    Abstract: A chemical heat pump includes a reactor part (1) that contains an active substance and an evaporator/condenser part (3) that contains that portion of volatile liquid that exists in a condensed state and can be absorbed by the active substance. A channel (4) interconnects the reactor part and the evaporator/condenser part. To heat the reactor part, a portion of this wall is arranged as a solar energy collector, which can result in a very compact structure. In at least the reactor part a matrix (13) is provided for the active substance so that the active substance both in its solid state and its liquid state or its solution phase is held or carried by or bonded to the matrix. The matrix is advantageously an inert material such as aluminium oxide and has pores, which are permeable for the volatile liquid and in which the active substance is located. In particular, a material can be used that has a surface or surfaces, at which the active substance can be bonded in its liquid state thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Climatewell AB
    Inventors: Goran Bolin, Ray Olsson
  • Patent number: 8726688
    Abstract: A refrigerator for fresh and frozen products with passive elements for temperature leveling without ventilation and for maintaining the relative humidity above 90% even in the absence of a connection to the electrical mains, by using the energy supplied by the melting enthalpy of the thermal mass, frozen beforehand by circulating refrigeration fluid at low temperature within a heat accumulator, which allows to absorb the heat that passes through the walls and the heat dissipated by the products, the refrigerator comprising a body which defines internally at least one compartment which is delimited by thermally insulating walls, at least 50% of the inner surface of the compartment being constituted by the surface of a heat accumulator containing a eutectic liquid, with a phase change temperature which is proximate to the temperature to be maintained within the compartment, an evaporation circuit associated with a compressor being connected to the heat accumulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Nomos S.R.L.
    Inventor: Alberto Ghiraldi
  • Patent number: 8695360
    Abstract: The invention relates to a desalination method and system that uses freeze crystallization technology that incorporates the use of compressed air energy as the source for freezing temperatures. When compressed air is released by a turbo expander, chilled air is produced as a by-product, wherein the chilled air is introduced into a crystallization chamber. Also injected into the chamber is a spray cloud of seawater droplets, which has been pre-chilled by heat exchange with the cold chamber walls, and which is then circulated and exposed to the chilled air in the chamber. The sizes of the droplets can vary, but are preferably predetermined, along with the relative temperatures, flows and speeds of the spray and chilled air, such that when the droplets are circulated within the chilled air, and settle at the bottom of the chamber, they are deposited at slightly above the eutectic temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Inventors: Ben M. Enis, Paul Lieberman
  • Patent number: 8695373
    Abstract: A temperature maintenance system for use with nested containers includes a segmented wall liner assembly and removable cover. The segmented wall liner assembly includes a plurality of segments formed in an array, with each of the segments connected to at least one of the other of the segments, and which extend radially outward from a central point. Each of the segments has a plurality of sections, and each of the sections has a central compartment which contains phase change material. The segmented wall liner assembly is capable of changing from a substantially flat, open position, to an angular position when removably disposed in-between the nested containers, and the nested containers have substantially concave surfaces, whereby the segments conform to the substantially concave surfaces when the segmented wall liner assembly is in the angular position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Inventor: Claire Jean Patton
  • Patent number: 8607581
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a transport package which efficiently maintains payload temperature within a predetermined temperature range during delivery through regions having ambient temperatures outside the desired range. The transport package is used for transporting temperature sensitive materials and thermally protecting the materials from cold and hot ambient temperatures in a manner that does not require a power source or other mechanical devices. Aspects of the invention relate to a temperature maintaining packaging system having an outer container, thermal insulation materials and two or more different phase change materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Entropy Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Preston Noel Williams, Henry Adolf Cousineau, III, Arnold Charles Hillman, Christian Peter Kramer, David Nicholas Legas
  • Publication number: 20130239607
    Abstract: A thermal barrier maintains a beverage within a container at a desired temperature. The barrier may include gas or liquid filled microcapsules and a base material having microencapsulated solid-liquid phase change material, or combinations thereof. The thermal barrier may include a cooling element attached to the exterior of the container, the interior of the container, or free-floating within the container. Other embodiments include a container holder incorporating phase change materials to control temperature of the beverages. The holder includes enclosing sidewalls and a plurality of cavities to receive one or more containers. Gaps between the cavities and the enclosing sidewalls are filled with phase change materials, such as microencapsulated phase change materials. Another embodiment provides a double walled pitcher with phase change materials and a base material filling the space between the walls.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2013
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Inventor: Jason Morgan Kelly
  • Patent number: 8448457
    Abstract: A system for use in freezing, thawing, transporting or storing biopharmaceutical materials which includes a container, a holder and plurality of heat transfer members. The container is configured to hold biopharmaceutical materials therein. The holder has a cavity for receiving the container and includes an interior surface bounding the cavity. A plurality of pockets contact outer surfaces of the container and is received in the cavity. Each pocket of the plurality of pockets includes a pocket cavity. A heat transfer member actively controls the temperature of biopharmaceutical materials held in the container and is received in the pocket cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Sartorius Stedim North America Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan Cutting, Isabelle Gay, Oscar Werner Reif
  • Patent number: 8443793
    Abstract: A heating apparatus includes an elongated flexible envelope (4) comprising two sheets (6), (8) that are attached to each other along permanent side seams (10), (12) and along a permanent bottom seam (14) and a moisture-activated chemical heater (16) disposed inside envelope (4), wherein envelope (4) is folded over on itself and secured by temporary side seams (18), (20) and a permanent top seam (22) to form a continuous moisture barrier surrounding the moisture activated chemical heater (16) and wherein heater (2) may be opened for use by removing top seam (22) and unfolding envelope (4) by unpeeling temporary seals (18), (20) to provide unfolded envelope (4), wherein sheets (6) and (8) remain sealed along permanent seams (10), (12) and (14), but wherein envelope (4) now has an open top end (30).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Innophos, Inc.
    Inventors: Vincent Payen, Michael Wadlinger, Joseph Mitchell, Robert Finn, George Carl Harmsen, Dennis L. Myers
  • Patent number: 8443623
    Abstract: A phase change device for controlling temperature within a confined environment, comprising a foam material, a phase change material, the phase change material being absorbed into the foam, and a protective covering encasing the foam material/phase change material. A method for making a phase change device for controlling temperature within a confined environment, comprising providing a phase change material, providing a foam material, absorbing the phase change material into the foam material, and sealing the foam material/phase change material within a protective covering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Tegrant Diversified Brands
    Inventors: Auston Robert Matta, Jeremy Vaught, Kenneth Maltas
  • Patent number: 8366759
    Abstract: A therapy device comprises a flexible sealed envelope and a gel within the envelope. The gel comprises water, thickening agent, and biodiesel by-product glycerin comprising glycerol and soap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Wayne K. Dunshee, Jessica L. Petersen
  • Patent number: 8297072
    Abstract: A beverage container is provided with an integral cooling element to maintain a beverage at a cooled temperature after exposure to a warmer environment. The cooling element incorporates use of solid/liquid phase change material. When the beverage is chilled, the phase change material is maintained in a solid state below its melting temperature. When the beverage container is exposed to a warmer environment, such as during consumption, the phase change material undergoes a phase change thereby absorbing heat from the surrounding beverage. The cooling element can either be attached to the inside of the container or free-floating, but in either case, is in direct contact with the beverage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: MillerCoors, LLC
    Inventors: Mark Alan Willcoxen, Daniel Alan Thieman
  • Publication number: 20120255324
    Abstract: An apparatus for providing temperature control includes a bottom layer, an upper layer permeable to liquid, a hydratable absorbent material positioned between the bottom layer and the upper layer, and an outer layer positioned over the upper layer, the outer layer including one or more apertures for passing a liquid from an exterior surface of the outer layer to the upper layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2011
    Publication date: October 11, 2012
    Inventor: THOMAS BELINA
  • Patent number: 8151577
    Abstract: A frozen beverage device (10) has a container (20) and sealable cover (30) to convert a liquid (60), such as a non-alcoholic or alcoholic beverage into an at least semi-frozen slurry containing ice crystals (61). Freezing device(s) (50), which may have a range of shapes, contain refrigerant to from a thin layer of ice/ice crystals on the deformable wall(s) of the freezing device(s) (50), the ice crystals (61) being released therefrom due to agitation of the liquid (60) by shaking/rotation and/or squeezing on the container (20) and/or cover (30).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Hydro-Turbine Developments Pty Ltd
    Inventor: Alfio Bucceri
  • Publication number: 20120031142
    Abstract: A system simultaneously applies compression and cooling to a body part. An ice bag has a removable cap for inserting ice and removing water. An air release valve in the cap allows release of air from the ice bag without removing or loosening the cap. A compression wrap is a unitary sheet of elastic material having a central body with straps extending therefrom. A hole in the central body receives the neck of the ice bag, which is positioned over the body part. The unitary body and straps of the sheet apply pressure via the ice bag. Air released into the ice bag from melting ice is removed via the air release valve without disturbing the compression wrap or the cap. The compression wrap contracts to compensate for the volume of the released air, thus maintaining continuous pressure on and thermal contact with the body part.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 10, 2011
    Publication date: February 9, 2012
    Applicant: HYPER ICE, INC.
    Inventors: Robert Marton, Anthony Katz
  • Patent number: 8074465
    Abstract: The present invention provides a temperature sensitive transport container (20) for packaging and shipping cell-based products such as cultured cells intended for transplantation. In particular, the present disclosure provides a thermally insulated transport container system (10) for storing and transporting cells for transplantation which is capable of maintaining the cells at a desirable temperature range for a sufficient period of time to ensure adequate cell viability and therapeutic properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: Genzyme Corporation
    Inventors: Adam Heroux, Barbara Seymour
  • Patent number: 8051674
    Abstract: A system for use with a consumable beverage includes a container having a mouth. A lid is detachably engaged with the container. A collar is adapted to be seated in the mouth of the container. The collar defines an opening therein. A thermal energy storing member is detachably engagable with the opening in the collar and/or the lid. A collar for supporting an end of a thermal energy storing member; a lid for a container adapted to engage a thermal energy storing member; and method of providing a chilled consumable beverage are each separately detailed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2011
    Assignee: Cool Gear International, LLC
    Inventors: Henry Roth, Donna Roth
  • Patent number: 8011205
    Abstract: A food storage system including a secondary bowl that is adapted to be positioned at least partially on and/or in a main lid. The secondary bowl is adapted to be detachable from the main lid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Cool Gear International, LLC
    Inventors: Donna Roth, Henry Roth
  • Publication number: 20110179807
    Abstract: A transportable PCM (phase change material) module comprises a number of PCM packs; a housing for thermally insulting said number of PCM packs from a module's surrounding medium; spaces separating said packs and forming one or more channels for the flow of a fluid; said housing incorporating a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet; whereby, in use, fluid flows through said channels from said inlet to said outlet. A PCM (phase change material) pack comprises a laminate of a first conducting panel and a second conducting panel enclosing a portion formed primarily of PCM; wherein said portion of PCM incorporates thermal conductors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 11, 2009
    Publication date: July 28, 2011
    Applicant: ARTICA TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED
    Inventors: Mathew Holloway, Karina Torlei, Daniel Becerra, William Linsey Penfold
  • Patent number: 7975504
    Abstract: A temperature regulation apparatus includes a dry ice module that encloses dry ice so that the module's outside surface is not hazardous to touch. Insulation, breathable material, or a combination of insulating and breathable materials, allows dry ice sublimation at a sufficiently slow rate within the attached dry ice module to control the ambient temperature in the area to be cooled. The dry ice module can be attached in a location that maximizes the dry ice cooling properties, typically at or near the top of the area to be cooled. Since sublimated carbon dioxide is heavier than normal air, it falls to the bottom of the area to be cooled and builds up. The venting placement in the dry ice module is based upon the make up of the dry ice module and the breathable materials inside of it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Inventor: Robert E. Whewell, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7954338
    Abstract: A water storage unit includes an outer bag with an inlet defined in a top end thereof and an inner bag is received in the outer bag. A coolant bag is received in the inner bag and has coolant received therein. An outlet part is connected to the lower end of the outer bag and connected with a hose so that the user can suck the water in the outer bag. The water is cooled by the coolant in the coolant bag which is located at the lower end of the outer bag. A handle has a clamp slot with which a sealing rod is securely engaged. The inlet of the outer bag can be sealed by the cooperation of the clamp slot of the handle and the sealing rod.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Inventor: Chien Ping Lien
  • Publication number: 20110126582
    Abstract: A fillable gel pack includes a first side panel having a peripheral region characterized by a first boundary and a second side panel having a peripheral region characterized by a second boundary. The fillable gel pack also includes a sealed periphery joining a portion of the peripheral region of the first side panel shorter than the first boundary with a portion of the peripheral region of the second side panel shorter than the second boundary. The sealed periphery includes one or more outwardly disposed convex portions. The fillable gel pack further includes an unsealed periphery disposed at an unsealed portion of the peripheral region of the first side panel and an unsealed portion of the peripheral region of the second side panel. The unsealed periphery provides a fluid conduit passing from a region external to the fillable gel pack to a region internal to the fillable gel pack.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 27, 2010
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Applicant: Coldpack, Inc.
    Inventors: Alice K. Duong, David B. McKinney
  • Publication number: 20110094012
    Abstract: Systems and methods for providing an article associated with headgear that keeps the wearer's head cool and/or cushioned from the interior harness of the headgear. The article is a system, liner or pad that is inserted into the headgear or coupled to the headgear harness for cooling and/or comfort, and includes a liquid-absorbing material contained within non-impervious pocket partitions. One or more ventilation portions and/or devices may also be included to allow for the free flow of air, breathing of the wearer's scalp and to facilitate the natural evaporation of perspiration. In some implementations, the article may be used in a variety of different headgear. As the pocket partitions swell due to absorption of a liquid by the material, the pockets function as gel-like cushions or pads that protect the wearer's scalp. The article is held in place with small straps, Velcro® tabs, or other retention devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 17, 2006
    Publication date: April 28, 2011
    Inventor: Gregory T. Toth
  • Patent number: 7926296
    Abstract: A phase change material comprising a mixture of water and deuterium oxide is described, wherein the mole fraction of deuterium oxide is selected so that the mixture has a selected phase change temperature within a range between 0° C. and 4° C. The mixture is placed in a container and used for passive storage and transport of biomaterials and other temperature sensitive materials. Gels, nucleating agents, freezing point depression materials and colorants may be added to enhance the characteristics of the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2011
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama
    Inventors: Francis C. Wessling, Jr., James M. Blackwood
  • Patent number: 7921669
    Abstract: A refrigeration delivery system for use with portable food storage systems having an L-shaped body with a hollow vertical tower portion and a hollow horizontal flat lower portion. The internal volume of the body is suitable for the storage of ice and a combination of ice and melt water. In one embodiment, a hand-powered pump and spout is provide through a top of the tower portion to pump chilled water for drinking or to remove it from the delivery system. A second embodiment incorporates a flexible straw arrangement through a top of the tower portion. A third embodiment incorporates both a hand-powered pump and spout as well as a flexible straw arrangement through a top of the tower portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Inventor: Greg Donnell
  • Patent number: 7908870
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a transport package which efficiently maintains payload temperature within a predetermined temperature range during delivery through regions having ambient temperatures outside the desired range. The transport package is used for transporting temperature sensitive materials and thermally protecting the materials from cold and hot ambient temperatures in a manner that does not require a power source or other mechanical devices. Aspects of the invention relate to a temperature maintaining packaging system having an outer container, thermal insulation materials and two or more different phase change materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2011
    Assignee: Entropy Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Preston Noel Williams, Henry Adolph Cousineau, III, Arnold Charles Hillman, Christian Peter Kramer, David Nicholas Legas
  • Patent number: 7900471
    Abstract: A pre-packaged, flexible container of ice and air is disclosed. The pre-packaged, flexible container includes a first member having a hermetically sealed outer periphery which encloses a cavity. The cavity has a volume of less than about 20 cubic inches. The flexible container also includes ice and air contained within the cavity. The ice is present as an individual piece or as multiple pieces. The remainder of the cavity is occupied by air. The air fills at least about 50% of the volume of the cavity. Furthermore, the container, ice and air have a combined weight of less than about 5 ounces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2011
    Assignee: S. I. Incorporated
    Inventor: Thomas R. Leske
  • Patent number: 7874177
    Abstract: A pouch for carrying temperature-sensitive products having at least three sides and a bottom that are fixedly attached. The sides and bottom of the pouch form an internal container which may be sized and configured to hold a variety of sizes and shapes of temperature-sensitive products. The pouch may also comprise a releasably-attached top. A thermo-regulable agent is contained within at least one of the sides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Inventor: Wali Azamy
  • Patent number: 7854131
    Abstract: A thermal buffer for an intermittent thermal load, e.g., a directed energy weapon (DEW) system, includes a phase change heat exchanger (PCHEX), an apparatus for circulating a first working fluid of the thermal load through first conduits of the PCHEX cell in a first direction such that heat is transferred between the first fluid and a phase change material (PCM) of the PCHEX in a second direction and causes a first phase change in the PCM, and an apparatus for circulating a second working fluid of, e.g., a heat pump through second conduits of the PCHEX in a third direction opposite to the first direction such that heat is transferred between the second fluid and the PCM in a fourth direction opposite to the second direction and results in a second phase change in the PCM opposite to the first phase change therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 21, 2010
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Alan Z. Ullman, Clyde D. Newman
  • Patent number: 7836722
    Abstract: A food container includes an upper wall, a lower wall, and a side wall extending between the upper wall and the lower wall. At least one of the upper wall, the lower wall, and the side wall includes a plurality of microcapsules containing a phase change material. The phase change material has a latent heat in the range of 40 J/g to 400 J/g and a transition temperature in the range of 0° C. to 100° C. The phase change material provides thermal regulation based on at least one of absorption and release of the latent heat at the transition temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2010
    Assignee: Outlast Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Monte C. Magill, Jeanette Heimbach
  • Patent number: 7810348
    Abstract: A container has a thermal pack aligned on a central axis of the container. The thermal pack includes a material such as a phase change material for cooling (or heating) the liquid in the container. The thermal pack attaches to the container such as by a threaded connection in a receiving tube, which makes full circumferential contact with an end of the thermal pack. The container has a drinking or pouring opening aligned relative to the thermal pack, but completely separated from the thermal pack. Radial flow slots permit fluid to flow from the container interior through the drinking or pouring opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2010
    Assignee: Grand-Bonanza Enterprise, Inc.
    Inventor: Jeffrey D. Shewchuk
  • Patent number: 7805959
    Abstract: The cup holder for a drinking game is a triangular multi-cup beverage tray and freezer pack insert that holds and chills multiple cups in a “billiard ball rack” formation for use in the drinking game “Beer-Pong,” “Beirut,” or variations thereof. The cup holder for a drinking game includes cup pockets, indentations or channels in a triangular row formation (front to back) of one cup, two cups, three cups, etc., which are formed in the freezer pack The cup holding freezer pack fits into the triangular tray for added stability. Rubber or neoprene feet are disposed symmetrically on an underside of the bottom of the tray to provide traction during use. Preferably, the placement and depth of the cup pockets provide for the correct orientation of the cups for optimal playing of the drinking game with standard 16-ounce party cups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2010
    Inventors: Matthew B. Webb, Robert L Kent, III
  • Patent number: 7784304
    Abstract: Non-slip, non-constrictive, self-adhesive ice bag device for use with confined patients that comprises a flexible, preferably water-impermeable outer cover with an open end that is sealable with a leak-proof closure means, said cover having a layer of adhesive to temporarily attach said cover, when it is filled with the cooling medium, or one or more cooling packs containing the cooling medium, to the inside or the outside of a patient-care fabric that is arranged to be in close contact with an injured area of the patient, such that said cooling medium is then in close contact with said injured area, without slippage, and without the need for a potentially constrictive strapping and/or wrapping means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Inventors: Dennis Sam Trinh, David Lam Trinh, Albert Long Trinh
  • Patent number: 7776260
    Abstract: An apparatus for the irradiation of a radiation sensitive material. The apparatus includes at least one thermally conductive tank for containing a heat transfer medium therein, said at least one thermally conductive tank having a first wall and a second wall in a parallel spaced relationship, said second wall having an outer surface for placing a radiation sensitive material thereon. Also disclosed is a system and method of irradiating a radiation sensitive material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2010
    Assignee: Ethicon, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael C. Saylor, Stephen C. Yeadon
  • Patent number: 7770410
    Abstract: A coolant base for regulating the temperature of a beverage is detachable from the beverage container with which it works. The base may be repeatedly used with the same container. The base can be chilled separately from the beverage container and, when assembled, can provide a stable, chilled beverage for an extended time. In some embodiments, the diameter of the base cooler/container system is the same as the diameter of the beverage container absent the base cooler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2010
    Inventor: Scott E. Cote
  • Patent number: 7743626
    Abstract: A gel-pack for chilling bottled beverages comprising a flexible plastic envelope, sealed around its perimeter, provided with a spaced array of holes therethrough whereby the gel-pack can be draped over a plurality of beverage bottles, with the necks of the bottles protruding through the holes in the gel-pack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2010
    Assignee: Molson Canada 2005
    Inventor: Craig Buckingham
  • Patent number: 7735327
    Abstract: An active thermal insulation system is disclosed. The system utilizes a cool air source or ambient air below a threshold temperature in conjunction with a phase change material and/or conventional insulation. In a controlled manner, the cooled air or ambient air facilitates the transition of the phase change material from a substantially liquid state to a substantially solid state allowing the solid phase change material to absorb heat. Cooled air or ambient air may be directed to the phase change material via a gap or plenum capable of introducing the cooled air or ambient air adjacent to the phase change material. A fan, blower or air intake device may be used to direct ambient air to the gap or plenum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Neal Energy Management LLC
    Inventors: Keith R. Brower, Burt Dole, Thomas Neal, Daniel J. Shramo
  • Patent number: 7730739
    Abstract: A portable cooler having one or more ice sheets including built-in refrigerant cubes. The cooler comprises an outer fabric shell and one or more sets of spaced apart refrigerant cubes encapsulated in plastic to form ice sheets that are attached to the interior walls of the cooler. The walls of the cooler may also include one or more layers of thermal insulation. The ice sheets provide a visually pleasing appearance to the inside of the cooler suggestive of cooling effects. The ice sheets may be retained along the walls of the cooler by seams sewn along the lanes passing between the refrigerant cubes, by being retained in pockets formed by sidewall liners or by being secured into chambers defined by the cooler's outer walls and a plastic insert fitted into the cooler. The cooler may include a hinged top and bottom that can be folded flat for allowing the cooler to assume a compact configuration during storage or freezing of the refrigerant cubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Inventor: Mark D. Fuchs
  • Patent number: 7730740
    Abstract: The cooling device for a pet carrier is a portable system for providing an ice-cooled surface on which a pet can rest. The cooling device includes a housing defining an open interior region therein, adapted for receiving a volume of ice. An opening is formed through an upper surface of the housing, and a lid is pivotally joined to the housing for selectively and releasably covering and sealing the opening. A plurality of apertures are formed through the lid, and a plurality of spikes are secured to a lower surface of the lid and project downwardly therefrom. When the volume of ice is received within the housing, the lid may be closed and the spikes evenly distribute the ice within the housing. The ice generates cooled air, which may be transmitted through the apertures to a pet resting on the upper surface of the lid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Inventor: Joseph Keller
  • Patent number: 7721566
    Abstract: An apparatus having a plurality of phase change material-containing wall panels. The wall panels have a thickness and sides. The wall panels define an inner major surface and an outer major surface. The sides of the wall panels are hingedly interconnected to define a closed structure. Two diametrically opposed hinge interconnections are proximate the inner major surface. The remaining hinge interconnections are proximate the outer major surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2010
    Assignee: Minnesota Thermal Science, LLC
    Inventor: Kenneth Wilken