Utilizing Fuel As Refrigerant Patents (Class 62/7)
  • Patent number: 10865740
    Abstract: A fuel system for an internal combustion engine includes a liquefied gas tank that stores liquefied gas and a pressurized gas production unit connected to the liquefied gas tank to produce pressurized gas from the liquefied gas. A fuel rail is connected to the pressurized gas production unit. The fuel rail receives the pressurized gas and delivers the pressurized gas to a fuel injector that injects the pressurized gas into a cylinder of the engine. The pressurized gas production unit receives the liquefied gas via a mixing unit that is provided between the liquefied gas tank and the pressurized gas production unit. The mixing unit receives excess gas in the form of vaporized gas from the liquefied gas tank and/or pressurized gas from the fuel rail and mixes the excess gas with the liquefied gas received from the liquefied gas tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Assignee: Volvo Truck Corporation
    Inventors: Marcus Leidefeldt, Bengt Henström, Peter Gollungberg
  • Patent number: 10704828
    Abstract: Devices for cooling beverages in cooperation with a compressed gas cartridge. The devices include a housing, a head, a working fluid, and a release mechanism. The housing defines a chamber complementarily configured with the compressed gas cartridge to receive the compressed gas cartridge. The head couples to the housing and defines an interior void in fluid communication with the chamber. The working fluid is contained with the interior void of the head. The release mechanism is operably connected to the housing and configured to selectively release compressed gas from the compressed gas cartridge into the interior void of the head. The compressed gas cools the working fluid when the compressed gas is selectively released from the compressed gas cartridge and contacts the working fluid in the interior void. The head is configured to be placed in a beverage to cool the beverage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Inventor: Taylor Cunningham
  • Patent number: 10654552
    Abstract: Disclosed are a fuel supply system and method for a ship engine. The fuel supply system for a ship engine of the present invention comprises: a submersible pump which is provided to an LNG storage tank of a ship for supplying LNG to the engine of the ship; a high-pressure pump which has the LNG supplied thereto from the submersible pump and pressurizes the same under high pressure; and a return flow channel which, at the upstream of the high-pressure pump, returns the LNG to the LNG storage tank, wherein the flow of the LNG returning through the return flow channel is controlled, and the temperature of the LNG is controlled at the front end of the high-pressure pump.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: DAEWOO SHIPBUILDING & MARINE ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Chang Woo Lee, Dong Chan Kim, Young Sik Moon, Nam Soo Kim
  • Patent number: 10584830
    Abstract: An apparatus, system and method for capture, utilization and sendout of latent heat in boil off gas (“BOG”) onboard a cryogenic storage vessel is described. A liquefied gas vessel comprises a cryogenic cargo tank onboard a liquefied gas vessel, the cargo tank comprising a liquefied gas and a BOG, a latent heat exchanger fluidly coupled to a stream of the liquefied gas and a stream of the BOG, wherein the latent heat exchanger transfers a heat between the BOG stream and the liquefied gas stream to produce a condensed BOG, means for combining the condensed BOG and the liquefied gas stream to obtain a combined stream, the means for combining the condensed BOG and the liquefied gas stream fluidly coupled to the latent heat exchanger, and a liquefied gas regasifier onboard the vessel and fluidly coupled to the combined stream, wherein the liquefied gas regasifier regasifies the combined stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: Excelerate Energy Limited Partnership
    Inventors: Kenneth D. Nelson, Graeme David Trotter, Alan B. Nierenberg, Kenneth Hugh McGeachie
  • Patent number: 10508836
    Abstract: A heating/cooling system for furnishing employs an electrochemical heat transfer device. An electrochemical heat transfer device may be an electrochemical hydrogen compressor that pumps hydrogen into and out of a tank having a metal hydride forming alloy therein. The absorption of hydrogen by the metal hydride forming alloy is exothermic, produces heat, and the desorption of the hydrogen from the metal hydride forming, alloy is endothermic and draws heat in. An electrochemical hydrogen compressor may be configured between the tanks and pump hydrogen back and forth to form a heat transfer device. A heat exchange device may be coupled with the tank or may comprise the outer surface of the tank to transfer heat to an object or to the surroundings. A closed loop may be configured having two tanks and one or two electrochemical hydrogen compressors to pump the hydrogen in a loop around the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2019
    Assignee: Xergy Inc.
    Inventors: Bamdad Bahar, William Parmelee
  • Patent number: 9356809
    Abstract: A method for performing communication in a multi-stage beam forming system includes determining statistical channel information which indicates a priority of analog beams transmitted by a base station, configuring an adaptive code book for digital beam forming, based on the statistical channel information and analog beams which the base station uses in actual communication among the analog beams, and performing communication with the base station through the digital beam forming based on the adaptive code book. A terminal includes a channel estimator configured to perform channel estimation for analog beams transmitted from a base station, a controller configure to determine statistical channel information indicating a priority of the analog beams, and configure an adaptive code book for digital beam forming based on the statistical channel information and analog beams that the base station uses in actual communication among the analog beams, and a communication unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jeong-Ho Park, Yong-Hoon Lee, Minhyun Kim, Seongjin Kim, Ji-Yun Seol, Eui-Tae Hwang
  • Patent number: 9206776
    Abstract: A fuel feeding system for storing liquefied gas and feeding gaseous fuel to be used in a piston engine, which fuel feeding system includes at least two cryogenic fuel tank arrangements having a first tank arrangement and a second tank arrangement in connection with each other. The fuel feeding system includes a gaseous fuel feed line connected at its first end to at least one piston engine, in which system the first tank arrangement is provided with a pressure build-up system having a first heat exchanger unit. The inlet of the heat exchanger unit is connected to a bottom section of the first tank arrangement the outlet of which is connectable to the top section of the first tank arrangement. The first tank arrangement and the second tank arrangement are both pressure vessels, and the first tank arrangement is selectively connectable to the fuel feed line by a gas line extending from an outlet in the top section of the first tank arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: WARTSILA FINLAND OY
    Inventors: Yves Bui, Mathias Jansson, Soren Karlsson
  • Patent number: 9157672
    Abstract: A command device (13) includes a sensor (15,16) for the measurement of a measured value VM of a characteristic C of a fluid FR,A and a comparison (14) of the measured value VM of the characteristic C of the fluid FR,A with at least two step-values VSmin, VSmax of the characteristic C. The command device (13) includes an upstream temperature sensor (20) to be positioned upstream the evaporator (12) according to the air flow direction (6) to measure an upstream temperature T2 of the air flow (3) and give an information (18) which is taken into account by the command device (13) in order to determine the step-values VSmin, VSmax of the characteristic C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: VALEO SYSTEMES THERMIQUES
    Inventors: Jin-Ming Liu, Regine Haller, Stefan Karl, Eng Kuach
  • Patent number: 9097453
    Abstract: A liquid container of the present invention is designed to include an autonomous selective cooling device. The cooling device includes a heat exchanger (15) comprising a first body (20) with a cavity (21), a second body (22) inside the cavity (21), a fluid passage (25) formed between an outer surface of the second body (22) and the surface of the cavity (21), and some means for causing a cooling fluid to flow while expanding along fluid passage (25) up to an exhaust duct (19) of the second\0.8body (22).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: ICEJET, S.L.
    Inventor: Gustavo P Lopez
  • Patent number: 9090356
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for controlling the flammability of fuel vapors in an aircraft main fuel tank that is located in whole or in part in the fuselage contour. The method comprises a fuel system architecture and fuel consumption sequencing maintaining liquid fuel in said main tanks during all normal operations. Ceasing the withdrawal of fuel from the main tank when the fuel reaches a predetermined level thereby limiting the volume and flammability exposure time of the fuel vapor ullage. Once the predetermined level is met the fuel is supplied from wing tanks throughout the remainder of the mission. The predetermined main tank fuel level at which wing tank fuel begins to be consumed is determined by the aircraft flight reserves fuel volume stored in the main tank as well as the amount necessary to continuously submerge the main tank fuel pumps during the entire mission.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: Textron Innovations, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael Scott Montgomery
  • Patent number: 8991197
    Abstract: In one embodiment of the disclosure, an apparatus is provided for fueling a device using a cryogenic fluid. The apparatus may comprise: a cryogenic fluid supply container; a vessel connected to the supply container with an entrance valve to regulate flow of cryogenic fluid from the supply container; a heat transfer system capable of transferring heat from a device to the vessel to heat gas in the vessel; and an accumulator connected to the vessel with an exit valve to regulate flow of gas from the vessel to the accumulator. The accumulator may be capable of being connected to a device. In other embodiments, methods are provided of controllably mixing at least one fluid within a fluid mixing device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Daniel A. Watts, Jason A. Grow
  • Patent number: 8763409
    Abstract: A heat exchanger includes a housing disposed in a first atmosphere and having an upstream end, a downstream end and a chamber within the housing; a metallic block disposed in the chamber and having a passageway therethrough and through which a cryogen can flow; and a heat pipe assembly in contact with the metallic block and extending to a second atmosphere which is separate from the first atmosphere for providing heat transfer at the second atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Michael D. Newman, Stephen A. McCormick
  • Patent number: 8726676
    Abstract: In one embodiment of the disclosure, an apparatus is provided for fueling a device using a cryogenic fluid. The apparatus may comprise: a cryogenic fluid supply container; a vessel connected to the supply container with an entrance valve to regulate flow of cryogenic fluid from the supply container; a heat transfer system capable of transferring heat from a device to the vessel to heat gas in the vessel; and an accumulator connected to the vessel with an exit valve to regulate flow of gas from the vessel to the accumulator. The accumulator may be capable of being connected to a device. In other embodiments, methods are provided of controllably mixing at least one fluid within a fluid mixing device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Daniel A. Watts, Jason A. Grow
  • Publication number: 20140069117
    Abstract: Provided is a nonflammable mixed refrigerant for use in a reliquefaction apparatus of a fuel supply system that compresses BOG generated in an LNG storage tank to a medium pressure, reliquefies the compressed BOG, compresses the reliquefied BOG to a high pressure, gasifies the compressed requefied BOG, and supplies the gasified BOG to a high-pressure natural gas injection engine. A nonflammable mixed refrigerant for use in a fuel supply system for a high-pressure natural gas injection engine is provided. The nonflammable mixed refrigerant cools the BOG by heat exchange with the BOG in the reliquefaction apparatus. The nonflammable mixed refrigerant comprises a mixture of nonflammable refrigerants with different boiling points, and the boiling point of each of the nonflammable refrigerant ranges between a room temperature and a liquefaction temperature of natural gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: DAEWOO SHIPBUILDING & MARINE ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Seung Kyo Jung, Je Heon Jung, Dong Kyu Choi, Jung Han Lee, Young Sik Moon, Jin Yeol Yu
  • Patent number: 8522572
    Abstract: An aircraft adaptive power thermal management system for cooling one or more aircraft components includes an air cycle system, a vapor cycle system, and a fuel recirculation loop operably disposed therebetween. An air cycle system heat exchanger is between the air cycle system and the fuel recirculation loop, a vapor cycle system heat exchanger is between the vapor cycle system and the fuel recirculation loop, and one or more aircraft fuel tanks are in the fuel recirculation loop. An intercooler including a duct heat exchanger in an aircraft gas turbine engine FLADE duct may be in the air cycle system. The system is operable for providing on-demand cooling for one or more of the aircraft components by increasing heat sink capacity of the fuel tanks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: George Albert Coffinberry, Neil Richard Garrigan
  • Patent number: 8505852
    Abstract: A reversible aerospace plane includes an air intake at a first end of the aerospace plane, at least one heat exchanger disposed in the aerospace plane, and an engine at a second end of the aerospace plane, wherein the aerospace plane is configured to accelerate in a first direction and configured to glide and land in a second direction, wherein the second direction is substantially in a reverse direction from the first direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Inventor: Charl E. Janeke
  • Publication number: 20130055728
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a refrigeration vehicle comprising at least one refrigeration space, which can be cooled via at least one supplemental heat exchanger. The supplemental heat exchanger in the refrigeration space is connected to other components, preferably via couplings and flexible lines, establishing a heat exchange loop being able to exchange heat with an evaporator for low-temperature liquefied combustible gas. Moreover the Refrigeration vehicle comprises at least one first vehicle part and one second vehicle part being dividable and wherein the first vehicle part comprises an internal combustion engine and the evaporator for the low-temperature liquefied combustible gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2011
    Publication date: March 7, 2013
    Applicant: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme Pour L'Etude Et L'Exploitation Des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Franz Lurken, Helmut Henrich
  • Publication number: 20120285402
    Abstract: A controller, for use in a power plant having a liquid cooling system and an air cooling system, comprising one or more inputs, configured to receive a signal from at least one deposit sensor, wherein the signal from the deposit sensor is indicative of deposits in the liquid cooling system; and one or more processors, configured to process the signal received from the deposit sensor to control the air cooling system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 1, 2012
    Publication date: November 15, 2012
    Applicant: ROLLS-ROYCE PLC
    Inventor: Peter FW FOSTER
  • Patent number: 8042343
    Abstract: An avionics cooling system including an avionics cooling circuit operating with a liquid coolant; a fuel circuit; and a vapor cooling cycle operating with a refrigerant. The avionics cooling circuit transfers heat withdrawn from avionics to the fuel circuit, whereby the heat is dumped into fuel, and the vapor cooling cycle transfers heat that cannot be dumped into the fuel from the fuel circuit to ram air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: SAAB AB
    Inventor: Anders Järlestål
  • Publication number: 20110219786
    Abstract: An aircraft cooling system includes a refrigerant cycle including a first heat exchanger, a second heat exchanger, and a compressor. A component of the aircraft is in thermal communication with the first heat exchanger. A heat sink fluid passes through the second heat exchanger to absorb heat from the refrigerant cycle. A hydraulic motor is mechanically connected with the compressor and powered by the heat sink fluid, which is circulated by a pump.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2010
    Publication date: September 15, 2011
    Inventors: Michael J. Andres, Kris H. Campbell
  • Patent number: 7955568
    Abstract: The disclosure provides for a chemical reaction-based thermal management system and method. The system comprises a heat source for heating a first flow element, a heat exchanger for transferring heat from the first flow element to a reaction mixture flow, and a heat sink comprising one or more endothermic chemical reactions to absorb heat from the heat exchanger. The system further comprises a reactor element for approaching chemical equilibrium of the reaction mixture flow, a product removal element for removing one or more products from the one or more endothermic chemical reactions, and a plurality of driver elements for moving the first flow element and for moving the reaction mixture flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Alan Z. Ullman, Clyde D. Newman
  • Publication number: 20110056216
    Abstract: Embodiments of the disclosed technology comprise a combination refrigeration and combustion system including a tank that holds liquefied gas, an expansion valve in fluid connection with the tank, and a sealable chamber housing an evaporator, with the evaporator in fluid connection with the expansion valve. The system is configured for expulsion of the liquefied gas from the tank into the expansion valve. The expulsion takes place in at least one pulse over part of a defined time interval. After an expulsion of gas, the liquefied gas expands into gaseous form in the evaporator, allowing for continuous combustion of the gas in gaseous form.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2010
    Publication date: March 10, 2011
    Inventor: Randall O. Edwards
  • Publication number: 20100108811
    Abstract: A fuel tank safety system includes an ullage cooling assembly and a system controller. The ullage cooling assembly includes a compressor configured to extract a quantity of ullage gas from the fuel tank, a heat exchanger coupled in flow communication downstream of the compressor, wherein the heat exchanger is configured to receive the quantity of ullage gas from the compressor and reduce a temperature of the ullage gas. The ullage cooling assembly includes a turbine coupled in flow communication downstream of the heat exchanger, wherein the turbine is configured to further reduce the temperature of the ullage gas and facilitate channeling the ullage gas to the fuel tank. The system controller is operatively coupled to the ullage cooling assembly and is configured to transmit to the ullage cooling assembly one of a start signal to activate the ullage cooling assembly or a stop signal to deactivate the ullage cooling assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2009
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Inventor: Alankar Gupta
  • Publication number: 20090133674
    Abstract: A fuel gas supply system of a vessel, such as an LNG carrier, is provided for supplying fuel gas to a high-pressure gas injection engine of an LNG carrier, wherein LNG is extracted from an LNG storage tank of the LNG carrier, compressed at a high pressure, gasified, and then supplied to the high-pressure gas injection engine. In one embodiment, the system includes a boil-off gas reliquefaction apparatus for reliquefying boil-off gas generated in the LNG tank.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2008
    Publication date: May 28, 2009
    Applicant: Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jung Han Lee, Dong Kyu Choi, Hyun Ki Park
  • Publication number: 20090126704
    Abstract: A fuel gas supply system of a vessel, such as an LNG carrier, is provided for supplying fuel gas to a high-pressure gas injection engine of an LNG carrier, wherein LNG is extracted from an LNG storage tank of the LNG carrier, compressed at a high pressure, gasified, and then supplied to the high-pressure gas injection engine. In one embodiment, the system is operated to supply fuel to an MEGI engine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2008
    Publication date: May 21, 2009
    Applicant: DAEWOO SHIPBUILDING & MARINE ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Jung Han Lee, Dong Kyu Choi, Hyun Ki Park
  • Patent number: 7497191
    Abstract: A system for producing, dispensing, using and monitoring a hydrogen enriched fuel includes a producing system configured to produce the hydrogen enriched fuel, a vehicle having an engine configured to use the hydrogen enriched fuel, and a dispensing system configured to store and dispense the hydrogen enriched fuel into the vehicle. The system also includes a fuel delivery system on the vehicle configured to deliver the hydrogen enriched fuel to the engine, and a control system configured to control the producing system and to monitor the use of the hydrogen enriched fuel by the vehicle. A method includes the steps of producing hydrogen gas and a hydrocarbon fuel, blending the hydrogen gas and the hydrocarbon fuel into the hydrogen enriched fuel, using the hydrogen enriched fuel in the engine, and tracking emissions during the producing step and during the using step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2009
    Assignee: Eden Innovations Ltd.
    Inventors: Justin Fulton, Roger W. Marmaro, Gregory J. Egan
  • Publication number: 20080276627
    Abstract: A fuel gas supply system of a ship is provided for supplying fuel gas to a high-pressure gas injection engine of the ship, wherein the ship has an LNG fuel tank for storing LNG as fuel and LNG is extracted from an LNG fuel tank of the ship, compressed at a high pressure, gasified, and then supplied to the high-pressure gas injection engine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2008
    Publication date: November 13, 2008
    Applicant: DAEWOO SHIPBUILDING & MARINE ENGINEERING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Jung Han Lee, Dong Kyu Choi, Hyun Ki Park
  • Publication number: 20080178609
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a combined cooling and heating system comprises a hydrogen reservoir. The combined cooling and heating system may be used in an aircraft. During a charging of the hydrogen reservoir, with hydrogen, a kitchen appliance is heated, and during the discharging process, the hydrogen reservoir cools the fuel cell system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2007
    Publication date: July 31, 2008
    Applicant: Airbus Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Claus Hoffjann, Hansgeorg Schuldzig
  • Patent number: 7360368
    Abstract: A system and method for vaporizing a cryogenically stored fuel, particularly hydrogen, liquefied by cooling below the ambient temperature is provided. A system for vaporizing a cryogenically stored fuel uses heat arising in the area of a fuel consumer, and includes: a withdrawing line device for drawing fuel out of a tank device; a vaporizer device for vaporizing the fuel drawn via the withdrawing line, while introducing the vaporization heat; a gas line device for feeding the vaporized fuel to each consumer; a heat transfer system provided in the vicinity of the consumer while serving to absorb heat arising in the vicinity of the consumer, and; a fuel/heat exchanger device, through which a heat transfer fluid flows and which forms a part of the vaporizer device, for providing the vaporization heat via a heat flux drawn out of the heat transfer system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2008
    Assignee: Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Hans Fickel, Andres Groetzbach
  • Publication number: 20070144183
    Abstract: A liquid fuel storage system to be mounted on an electric motorcar has a first storage container for storing liquid fuel such as liquid hydrogen, one or more heat exchangers performing heat exchange between air and the liquid fuel or fuel gas vaporized from the liquid fuel, a second storage container, and a low temperature air supply line. The second storage container surrounds the outer periphery of the first storage container and stores the liquid air obtained by the heat exchange. An air conditioning system and/or a cold container that are mounted on the electric motorcar use the air supplied through the low temperature air supply line.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2006
    Publication date: June 28, 2007
    Applicant: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventor: Yuichi Sakajo
  • Patent number: 7155916
    Abstract: A feed gas supply unit for a fuel cell system uses a feed gas supply and/or cooling fluid passages to cool the control unit, bearings, and motor of the feed gas supply device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2007
    Assignees: General Motors Corporation, Barber Nichols Inc.
    Inventors: Ralph Hobmeyr, Dirk Wexel, Robert Linden
  • Publication number: 20040182090
    Abstract: The invention relates to feeding a gas terminal with energy from a ship transporting liquefied gas while said liquefied gas is being transferred between a tank of the ship and a tank of the gas terminal, wherein a portion of the energy produced by the propulsion system of the ship is delivered to the gas terminal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2004
    Publication date: September 23, 2004
    Applicant: SNECMA MOTEURS
    Inventor: Damien Feger
  • Publication number: 20040079090
    Abstract: The present invention provides a thermoelectric conversion apparatus having a thermoelectric conversion module and a temperature restoration module. The thermoelectric conversion module comprises hydrogen storage and release devices provided with circulating heating medium changeover valves and containers in which are formed inside a plate cassette laminate or a pipe aggregate provided with a hydrogen storage alloy in the form of a thin film on the outer surfaces of the plate cassettes or pipes, a pump device for an working liquid provided with a liquid piston, an electronic control device that controls the changeover valves, and an electric power generation device that converts the flowing force of the actuator liquid into electricity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 30, 2003
    Publication date: April 29, 2004
    Applicants: IP TRADING JAPAN CO., LTD., TECHNO BANK CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Nobuyoshi Tsuji
  • Patent number: 6584780
    Abstract: A system stores densely dissolved methane-base gas and supplies gas of a predetermined composition. A container (10) stores methane-base gas dissolved in hydrocarbon solvent and supplies it to means for adjusting composition, through which an object of regulated contents is obtained. Preferably, the means for adjusting composition is means for maintaining the tank in a supercritical state, or piping (48) for extracting substances at a predetermined ratio from the gas phase (12) and liquid phase (16) in the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kouetsu Hibino, Nobutaka Honma, Yukio Terashima, Tamio Shinozawa, Toshiharu Okui, Kiyoto Inomata
  • Publication number: 20030110780
    Abstract: A fuel supply system has a pump, a common rail, and injectors. Pressurized fuel is stored in the common rail. The common rail distributes the fuel to the injectors. A liquid fuel and a liquefied gas fuel such as dimethyl ether and a liquefied petroleum gas may be used as a fuel. In each injector, a valve element is actuated directly by an electromagnetic actuator. The injector has a low pressure chamber for decreasing a biasing force which acts on the valve element in a valve closing direction. The valve element can be divided for replacement. The injector has means for suppressing the bounce of the valve element. A hydraulic unit which utilizes the fuel suppresses the bounce of the valve element. The fuel supply system is connected to a refrigerating cycle. The fuel leaking from the fuel supply system is cooled and again liquefied by the refrigerating cycle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2002
    Publication date: June 19, 2003
    Inventors: Shigeiku Enomoto, Moriyasu Goto, Tetsuo Morita, Masaaki Kato, Hisaharu Takeuchi
  • Publication number: 20030070434
    Abstract: A hydrogen storage apparatus M stores a liquid hydrogen tank 1, hydrogen filling passage 3 that fills liquid hydrogen in to the liquid hydrogen tank, a degassing passage 4 provided with a relief valve V1 that opens when the pressure of hydrogen gasified in the liquid hydrogen tank reaches a predetermined level, and a hydrogen occlusive tank 2 that accommodates a hydrogen occlusive alloy 21 for storing the gasified hydrogen. When liquid hydrogen is being filled into the liquid hydrogen tank 1, the pressure in the hydrogen occlusive tank 2 is lowered using a duct 51, a cooling fan 52, and a conduit 54 for cooling the hydrogen occlusive tank 2. Accordingly, the filling time is shortened and the fuel efficiency is improved.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2002
    Publication date: April 17, 2003
    Applicant: Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Toshiaki Shimada, Takahiro Kuriiwa, Yoshio Nuiya
  • Patent number: 6526760
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and an apparatus for conveying a cryogenically-stored fuel to an internal-combustion engine for providing a combustible working gas. In accordance with the invention, the cryogenically-stored fuel is drawn, in the liquid state, from a thermally-insulated fuel tank, and forced into a fuel line by a conveying device. At least from time to time, within the scope of the operation of the conveying device, the pressure in the fuel tank is increased by an amount that is larger than the difference between a drop in the supply-flow pressure occurring on the intake side of the conveying device and the difference between the dominant tank pressure at a pump-inlet point and the boiling pressure dictated by the instantaneous fuel temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Hans Fickel, Juergen Ringler
  • Patent number: 6374618
    Abstract: A system for providing cryogenic sub-critical liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen to storage tanks and payloads contained inside the payload bay of a space vehicle is described. The system provides for transferring cryogenic fluid from a supercritical storage tank to a subcritical storage tank or payload in a zero-g environment, wherein the H2 and O2 ignition hazard has been eliminated due to the low vacuum pressure operating environment. The system includes an external heat exchanger, for example, a parallel flow concentric tube design, and a temperature control system for re-condensing the two-phase transfer fluid expelled from the supercritical storage system into a single phase, sub-cooled cryogenic fluid which is then introduced into and stored within the subcritical storage tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2002
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventor: Tibor Istvan Lak
  • Patent number: 6151900
    Abstract: A system and method for cooling a first cryogenic liquid in a vessel comprises the steps of directing a second cryogenic into the first cryogenic fluid and releasing gas from the vessel. The first cryogenic fluid has a boiling point that is higher than the boiling point of the second cryogenic fluid. Directing the second cryogenic fluid into the first cryogenic fluid results in the second fluid cooling the first fluid and the second fluid vaporizing. The vaporized fluid is released as a gas from the vessel. The vessel may be a propellant tank for a space vehicle. The first and second cryogenic fluids are delivered from supplies located outside of the vehicle. The first cryogenic liquid may be oxygen and the second cryogenic liquid may be nitrogen, neon, or helium. In another aspect of the invention, the first cryogenic liquid may be hydrogen and the second cryogenic liquid may be helium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2000
    Assignee: Boeing Northamerican, Inc.
    Inventors: Tibor I Lak, Gene Rogers, James F. Weber, Michael V. Merlin, Timothy L. Gaynor, III, John E. Davis, David L. Gerhardt
  • Patent number: 6131395
    Abstract: A method for densifying the LO2 propellant of a vehicle (10) includes providing a heat exchanger (16) including a chamber (22), and an isolated heater (24) and cooler (26) located within the chamber (22). The method further includes the step of pumping propellant (LO2) (with pump 14) from the vehicle (10) to the first port (24i) of the path of the heater (24), to thereby create a flow of propellant (LO2) through the heater (24) path, and from the second port (24o) of the path of the heater (24). In conjunction with the pumping, propellant (LO2) is coupled from the second port (24o) of the heater (24) back to the vehicle (10), to thereby establish a recirculating flow of propellant (LO2). The chamber (22) of the heat exchanger (16) is filled with at least sufficient cryogenic liquid (LN2) to cover at least a portion of the path of the cooler (26), and preferably the entirety of the path of the cooler (26).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2000
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: William Duncan Greene, Miranda Leigh Anthony
  • Patent number: 6131397
    Abstract: Slush is made from a liquid using slush making systems or according to slush making processes. A jacketed vessel of the processes and the systems has an interior wall that defines an interior space. The interior space comprises a top and a bottom. The interior space has an average overall cross-sectional area taken through a vertical axis extending generally between the top and the bottom. The interior space also has a collection portion having an average collection portion cross-sectional area taken through the vertical axis that is less than the average overall cross-sectional area. The liquid is placed into the interior space and the interior walls are cooled. Slush forms on the interior walls and migrates to the collection portion. The collection portion is located at the interior space bottom when the slush density is higher than the liquid density and the collection portion is located at the interior space top when slush density is less than the liquid density.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2000
    Assignee: Boeing North American Inc.
    Inventors: John E. Davis, Tibor I. Lak, Gene Rogers, James F. Weber, Michael V. Merlin, Timothy L. Gaynor, III, David L. Gerhardt
  • Patent number: 6125637
    Abstract: A fuel delivery system includes a fuel tank configured to receive liquid natural gas. A first conduit extends from a vapor holding portion of the fuel tank to an economizer valve. A second conduit extends from a liquid holding portion of the fuel tank to the economizer valve. Fluid coupled to the economizer valve is a vaporizer which is heated by coolant from the engine and is positioned below the fuel tank. The economizer valve selectively withdraws either liquid natural gas or vaporized natural gas from the fuel tank depending on the pressure within the vapor holding portion of the fuel tank. A delivery conduit extends from the vaporizer to the engine. A return conduit having a check valve formed therein extends from the delivery conduit to the vapor holding portion of the fuel tank for pressurizing the fuel tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2000
    Assignee: Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC
    Inventors: Dennis N. Bingham, Bruce M. Wilding, James E. O'Brien, Ali S. Siahpush, Kevin B. Brown
  • Patent number: 6116030
    Abstract: A vacuum pump of the steam-ejector type uses steam generated by the combustion of hydrogen and oxygen. The mass of ejected steam is increased, and the temperature of the ejected steam is reduced, by injection of water into the combustion product. Propellant densification is accomplished by using such a vacuum pump to reduce the vapor pressure of a cryogenic liquid, thereby reducing its temperature. The cryogenic liquid may be the propellant, or it may be a coolant medium thermally coupled to the propellant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2000
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventor: George Taylor Story
  • Patent number: 6073450
    Abstract: A cryogenic propellant tank system and process for densifying cryogenic liquid propellant comprises a tank with a combined manifold, a combined manifold line, a pressurizing gas line, and a vent line. The combined manifold is located in the tank. The combined manifold line functionally connects the combined manifold to a chilling system. The pressurizing gas line and the vent line are also functionally connected to the combined manifold line. The tank may be disposed in a vehicle. The manifold is disposed proximate the top of the tank. The chilling system may be a heat exchanger/filling system. The process for filling the tank comprises the steps of charging the tank with cryogenic liquid propellant, venting gases in the tank, densifying the cryogenic liquid propellant, and pressurizing the tank. The tank is charged with the cryogenic liquid propellant such that the orifices in the combined manifold are submerged. The gases in the tank are vented through the combined manifold and out of the tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2000
    Assignee: Boeing North American
    Inventors: Tibor I Lak, Gene Rogers, James F. Weber, Michael V. Merlin, Timothy L. Gaynor, III, John E. Davis, David L. Gerhardt
  • Patent number: 6058713
    Abstract: Fuel storage and delivery systems are provided for storing pressurized liquefied natural gas (PLNG) fuel at a pressure of about 1035 kPa (150 psia) to about 7590 kPa (1100 psia) and at a temperature of about -123.degree. C. (-190.degree. F.) to about -62.degree. C. (-80.degree. F.) and delivering vaporized PLNG fuel on demand for combustion in an engine. The fuel storage and delivery systems have fuel storage containers that are constructed from ultra-high strength, low alloy steel containing less than 9 wt % nickel and having a tensile strength greater than 830 MPa (120 ksi) and a DBTT lower than about -73.degree. C. (-100.degree. F.). While not limited thereto, the present invention is especially useful for automobiles, buses, trucks and other vehicles with engines designed to operate through combustion of natural gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2000
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company
    Inventors: Ronald R. Bowen, Moses Minta
  • Patent number: 6003300
    Abstract: This invention relates to a fueling process that allows complete combustion with air in the combustor of an aircraft traveling at a speed greater than the speed of sound. A process is described to inject a jet of solid hydrogen particles admixed in liquid helium through the combustor wall to achieve extremely rapid mixing of hydrogen throughout the supersonic airstream of the combustor of a high speed vehicle. Mixing on a molecular scale is so rapid that complete and efficient combustion occurs within the combustor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Assignee: Stephen C. Bates
    Inventor: Stephen C. Bates
  • Patent number: 5954101
    Abstract: A delivery and storage system for cryogenic fluids features a vehicle mounted dispensing system including a bulk storage tank that feeds cryogenic liquid to a sump containing a pump to pre-cool the pump. The pump feeds cryogenic liquid to another sump containing a meter so as to cool the meter. A valve selectively routes the cryogenic liquid from the meter sump to the bulk storage tank as the meter cools down. When the meter reaches operating temperature, cryogenic liquid is directed through the meter to a dispensing hose. The cryogenic liquid is dispensed into a liquid cylinder. The liquid cylinder features an automatic shut-off device to reduce the flow of the cryogenic liquid into the cylinder when the cylinder is full. The inner shell is held to the outer shell at the top by a combination stainless steel hose and composite cylinder neck. The bottom of the inner shell features a pair of pins which are supported by a strap across the bottom portion of the outer shell interior.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: MVE, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul Arnold Drube, Audrey Duane Preston, Claus D. Emmer, Jon Robert Turner, Thomas Karl Drube
  • Patent number: 5862670
    Abstract: Leakage of propellants such as oxygen and hydrogen in an enclosed environment in the atmosphere can lead to fires or explosions. For storage tanks on reusable launch vehicles such as the space shuttle where propellant is to be stored in the cargo bay of the vehicle, the storage tank should be filled while the vehicle is at a safe altitude to avoid the dangers associated with propellant leakage. The invention a process for filling propellant tanks at safe altitudes where if there is propellant leakage ignition will not occur. The process involves launching the vehicle with an inert gas in the storage tanks, dumping the inert gas and filling the tanks in the cargo bay from the main propellant tanks during the launch once the vehicle is at a safe altitude. The propellant can be dumped overboard and the storage tanks filled with an inert gas in case of a mission abort if the vehicle needs to make an emergency landing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1999
    Assignee: Boeing North American, Inc.
    Inventor: Tibor I. Lak
  • Patent number: 5819542
    Abstract: A heat exchanger device, comprising a first heat exchanger for evaporation of liquid natural gas (LNG), and a second heat exchanger for superheating of gaseous natural gas (NG). The heat exchangers (1) are arranged for heating these fluids by means of a heating medium and have an outlet which is connected to a mixing device (20) for mixing the heated fluids with the corresponding unheated fluids. According to the invention the heat exchangers (1) comprise a common housing (2), in which there are provided separate passages (7, 8) for the fluids. The mixing device (2) constitutes a unit together with the housing (2) and has a single mixing chamber (23) with one single fluid outlet (30). In separate passages (7, 8) there are provided valves (10, 26) and (13, 28) respectively for the supply of LNG or NG in the housing (1) and the mixing chamber (23).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1998
    Assignee: Kvaerner Maritime AS
    Inventors: Per E. Christiansen, Bj.o slashed.rn Borgaas
  • Patent number: RE35874
    Abstract: The delivery system of the invention consists of a pair of LNG fuel tanks mounted on a vehicle. A solenoid valve associated with each tank allows the vehicle operator to select the tank from which LNG is to be delivered to the engine. An automatic override system is provided whereby if the pressure in the non-selected tank rises above a predetermined level, the operator's tank selection is overridden and gas from the non-selected tank is used until the pressure falls below the predetermined level. This override system eliminates the need to vent gas to the atmosphere to avoid pressure building up and thereby eliminates waste of the LNG. Each tank is also provided with a pressure building capability such that the gas will always be delivered to the engine with sufficient pressure. The system is designed such that LNG from a stationary low pressure storage tank can be delivered at high pressure to refuel the tanks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Valley Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A. Neeser, Kelly W. Hedegard