Abstract: A method for processing fish can include transporting fully intact fish to a floating vessel, at least one of weighing and sorting the fully intact fish, forming a layer of frozen slime on an outer surface of skin of the fully intact fish, and freezing the fully intact fish by moving the fully intact fish through an ultra-low air temperature region. Related systems and apparatuses are also provided.
Abstract: A test chamber for conditioning air has a temperature-insulated test space sealable against an environment for receiving test materials and a temperature control device for controlling the temperature of the test space, a temperature ranging from ?20° C. to +180° C. in temperature being able to be realized within the test space by means of the temperature control device, said temperature control device comprising a cooling device having a cooling cycle having a refrigerant, a heat transmitter, a compressor, a condenser and an expanding element, the cooling cycle comprising an internal heat transmitter, the internal heat transmitter being connected to a high-pressure side of the cooling cycle upstream of the expanding element and downstream of the condenser in a flow direction, said refrigerant being able to cooled by means of the internal heat transmitter which is coupled to an adjustable supplementary refrigeration of the cooling device.
Abstract: A ozonated liquid dispensing unit is described. The unit produces and dispenses an ozonated liquid that may be used to clean and sanitize a variety of articles or used in conjunction with cleaning processes and other apparatus. The unit includes a liquid input port to receive liquid into the unit. The unit includes a first dielectric cell for producing ozone gas from ambient air and a second dielectric cell for producing ozone gas. The first dielectric cell is in supply communication with the second dielectric cell for supplying the second dielectric cell with a supply gas containing the ozone gas generated from the ambient air. The second dielectric cell produces ozone gas from the supply gas. An injector is in fluidic communication with the liquid input port.
Abstract: A method to stop bleeding at a puncture site of an artery on a wrist of a patient comprises wrapping a flexible band of a hemostatic device around the wrist of the patient, wherein the hemostatic device also includes a curved plate, a balloon and a marker used to position the balloon at the puncture site, and wherein the flexible band, the curved plate and the balloon are substantially transparent. The wrapping of the flexible band around the wrist of the patient involves wrapping the flexible band around the wrist of the patient while the balloon is in an uninflated state. The wrapping can also take place while an introducer sheath is in place at the puncture site. The method also involves using the marker to position balloon relative to the puncture site such that the balloon overlies the puncture site, introducing a fluid into the balloon and inflating the balloon, and maintaining inflation of the balloon and compression against the puncture site.
Abstract: A method and an apparatus for producing a fluid ice are provided, wherein temperature and thickness of the fluid ice is independently controllable. The method and apparatus mixes ice together with at least two liquid phases, and stirs the mix. Stirring is maintained until a desired temperature and a desired grain size of the fluid ice is obtained.
Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention disclose methods for producing pre-conditioned solutes that exhibit no temperature spike during super-cooling in a cryogenic process. In addition, the solutes demonstrate utile capabilities and characteristics such as more efficient heat absorption rates and eutectic material properties which make the pre-conditioned solutes an efficient heat exchange medium. The methods involve super-cooling a solute to induce a long-duration phase change capability. The pre-conditioned solute may be thawed and will retain long-duration phase change capabilities for subsequent freezing cycles if the freezing protocols disclosed herein are followed. Material to be frozen may be directly immersed into pre-conditioned, super-cooled solutes for freezing. The solute may be propylene glycol, glycerol, or other suitable solutes.
Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention disclose methods for producing pre-conditioned solutes that exhibit no temperature spike during super-cooling in a cryogenic process. In addition, the solutes demonstrate utile capabilities and characteristics such as more efficient heat absorption rates and eutectic material properties which make the preconditioned solutes an efficient heat exchange medium. The methods involve super-cooling a solute to induce a long-duration phase change capability. The pre-conditioned solute may be thawed and will retain long-duration phase change capabilities for subsequent freezing cycles if the freezing protocols disclosed herein are followed. Material to be frozen may be directly immersed into pre-conditioned, super-cooled solutes for freezing. The solute may be propylene glycol, glycerol, or other suitable solutes.
Abstract: A phase change ice particulate perfluorocarbon slurry and a method and apparatus are provided for producing phase change particulate perfluorocarbon slurries. A known amount of perfluorocarbon liquid is provided. A set percentage of a phase change liquid and optionally other additives, such as oxygen or other cell protectants are added to the known amount of perfluorocarbon liquid. The phase change liquid and the perfluorocarbon liquid are mixed to produce an emulsion of small droplets of the phase change liquid in the perfluorocarbon liquid. The emulsion is cooled to produce the phase change particulate perfluorocarbon slurry. A phase change ice particulate perfluorocarbon slurry comprises a known amount of perfluorocarbon liquid and a set percentage of a phase change liquid added to the known amount of perfluorocarbon liquid. An emulsion is formed by the set percentage of a phase change liquid and the known amount of perfluorocarbon liquid.
Abstract: A system and method for making a frozen confection having a plurality of differently flavored or colored sections are provided. After creating in a mold a frozen outer layer comprising the ingredients for a first flavor or color, a carving means, such as a heated tool or a nozzle ejecting high-pressure gas, removes a portion of the frozen outer layer in accordance with a predetermined pattern. The ingredients for a second flavor or color then are added, and the mold is subjected to freezing to form the final product. Alternatively, a tool having protrusions contacting portions of the inner surface of the mold is inserted into the mold, before or after insertion of the first ingredients, the first ingredients are frozen, the tool is removed, and the second ingredients then are added and frozen. In another embodiment, a first flavor or color is sprayed onto the inner wall of the mold in a pattern and frozen.
Abstract: Method for storing a coolant fluid comprising two phases of one and the same substance in melting equilibrium, according to which an enclosure for storing said fluid is used in which the coolant fluid stored settles into a lower liquid layer and an upper solid layer, the coolant fluid to be stored is introduced into the enclosure at the level of the lower layer, and the coolant fluid to be removed from storage is extracted from the enclosure at the level of the upper layer, wherein, in combination, on the one hand, a gaseous headspace is set up between the upper layer and the upper wall of the enclosure and, on the other hand, the coolant fluid to be removed from storage is extracted, from a withdrawal zone located at the level of the interface between the upper layer and the gaseous headspace, through a vertical flow by generating a vortex.
Abstract: An apparatus for and method of making and delivering slush ice includes providing a main housing (28) having a floor (30) and substantially cylindrical sidewalls (32). The housing (28) includes a water inlet (58) and an ice inlet (26). A pump (34) having a delivery outlet (50) is positioned to have an inlet (44) substantially centered axially within the housing (28) and spaced a predetermined distance from the floor (30). A delivery conduit (52) extends from the delivery outlet (50) of the pump (34) to a second end (72, 88) remote therefrom. A rotating agitator member (54, 54') having an axis of rotation substantially centered co-axially within the housing (28) is positioned such that the agitator (54, 54') swirls ice and water in the housing (28) substantially around the pump inlet (44). The pump (34) draws ice and water through the inlet (44) and delivers a mixture of ice and water in the form of slush ice (16) through the delivery outlet (50).
Abstract: An apparatus for cooling fish on board a ship is provided. This apparatus includes an ice-making machine for producing fine particles of ice in a brine solution. Coupled to this ice-making machine are means for directing ice from the machine to either a vessel containing brine solution or to a catch of fish. A method of cooling fish comprising producing a slurry of fine particles in brine solution in an ice-making zone and directing the fine ice particles onto either a catch of fish or into a vessel containing brine solution is also provided.
Abstract: A chemical refrigeration system utilizes the endothermic reaction of chemicals such as potassium chloride dissolved in water to refrigerate the water. To achieve a large drop in water temperature, plural stages of endothermic reactions are utilized in a plurality of chillers to chill the water in increments. Heat exchangers are also provided in recirculation paths of the chillers to increase efficiency. The system will operate successfully in the zero gravity conditions of outer space.
Abstract: Apparatus comprising a freeze exchanger having an aqueous liquid feed stream inlet and an aqueous liquid stream outlet; a closed loop refrigeration system for supplying a refrigerant to the freeze exchanger for indirectly cooling aqueous liquid fed thereto; an ice storage tank; a conduit for withdrawing aqueous liquid, or a mixture of ice and aqueous liquid, from the freeze exchanger outlet and delivering it to the ice storage tank; a conduit for removing cold aqueous liquid from the ice storage tank and feeding it to a heat exchanger to cool fluid used for cooling purposes; and a conduit for removing warm aqueous liquid from the heat exchanger and feeding it to the ice storage tank, or to the freeze exchanger, or partially to both.A method of cooling making use of the apparatus is also disclosed.
December 8, 1983
Date of Patent:
April 9, 1985
Chicago Bridge & Iron Company
John S. Ludwigsen, Jill L. Ludwigsen, Terry A. Gallagher
Abstract: A process for cooling cryocables by low-boiling gases includes recooling gases at cooling stations distributed along the length of the cable. The pressure loss of the gases is equalized at pumping stations equally distributed along the length of the cable. A slush of the low-boiling gas is produced and used as the coolant at each cooling station.
Abstract: A process for cooling by means of a low-boiling gas comprises the steps of continuously producing a gas slush and conveying it from the location of its production to the place of consumption. The gas slush releases its heat of fusion at the place of consumption and becomes a triple-point liquid. The liquid is returned to the location of production to produce fresh slush.
Abstract: This invention relates to a novel carbon dioxide product comprising a pumpable slurry consisting of finely divided particles of solid phase carbon dioxide dispersed in liquid phase carbon dioxide in which the solid particles are free flowing, i.e. do not agglomerate on standing for periods of time sufficient to permit beneficial commercial use of the product. The slurry is produced by withdrawing gaseous carbon dioxide at a controlled rate from a vessel containing liquid carbon dioxide at the temperature and pressure conditions of the triple point while vigorously agitating the liquid, to produce solid carbon dioxide particles in the liquid. The rate of formation of the solid is controlled to produce small, finely divided particles of solid carbon dioxide rather than large pieces.
Abstract: Methods for providing an expendable refrigerant which is emitted from a snow horn at a low velocity thereby enabling snow agglomeration at a close proximity to the horn exit and accurately delivering a charge of snow with minimum vapor loss. The desired snow is produced by introduction of the relatively warm liquid refrigerant into an insulated compartment and in heat exchange relation with a tube therein having a plurality of length/diameter ratios. The liquid refrigerant is effective to warm the tube walls and results in a slight cooling of such liquid which is then passed to a sub-cooler and returned to the tube inlet for expansion in several stages therein to form the snow. The product snow is emitted from this horn at a relatively low velocity and may be accurately directed into cavities of such products as eviscerated fowl.
November 13, 1974
Date of Patent:
January 13, 1976
Victor F. Pietrucha, Michael E. Minard, Gordon J. Ozmec