Incorporated Unknitted Materials Patents (Class 66/190)
  • Patent number: 6281150
    Abstract: The invention relates to a textile support (1) for reinforcing clothing or pieces of clothing, in the form of a layer of nonwoven textile (2) reinforced by at least one warp knit fabric (3) having floats between the columns (5) of stitches.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2001
    Assignee: Lainiere de Picardie
    Inventor: Pierrot Groshens
  • Patent number: 6244077
    Abstract: A multilayer knitted structure includes two knitted webs which are interconnected by a third thread system. The two knitted webs are held together by at least one bundle of warp threads, and is suited for use in producing semi-finished structures for fiber composites. The thickness of the multilayer knitted structure can be increased by further warp thread bundles and additional weft threads. The warp and weft threads are advantageously configured to run according to the stress applied, for example, in the fiber composite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2001
    Assignee: Technische Universitaet Dresden
    Inventors: Peter Offermann, Gerald Hoffmann, Uwe Engelmann
  • Patent number: 6155083
    Abstract: An absorbent body for medical use made of 100% cotton fibers. This absorbent body is distinguished by an upper and a lower cover layer of the cotton fibers made by intermeshing, defining a space therebetween in which the cotton fibers are oriented approximately vertically with respect to the intermeshing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2000
    Assignee: Spinnerei C.B. Goldner GmbH & Co.
    Inventors: Hans Joachim Goeser, Egon Grundig
  • Patent number: 6151922
    Abstract: A method of knitting an inlaid fabric including a base knitting fabric portion and an inlay yarn and an inlaid fabric knitted by the method. The method comprises the step that the base knitting fabric portion is knitted; the step that inlay yarn holding loops are formed by retaining loops of the base knitting fabric portion retained by the needles on the first needle bed to the needles on the opposed second needle bed through a split knit process, whereby the loops are retained to the needles on both of the first and second needle beds; the step that the inlay yarn is made to run across the loops retained to the needles on the first and second needle beds; the step that the inlay yarn holding loops retained by the needles on the second needle bed are transferred to the needles on the first needle bed to be overlapped with the loops of the base knitting fabric portion; and the step that a yarn is fed to the needles of the first needle bed to form loops of the next course.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2000
    Assignee: Shima Seiki Manufacturing Limited
    Inventor: Yoshinori Shimasaki
  • Patent number: 6139929
    Abstract: There is disclosed a composite sock which consists of an inner stretchable fabric envelope, a bag-like barrier component which is liquid water impermeable, and water vapour permeable, and a second or outer stretchable fabric envelope. The inner envelope is attached to the barrier component, the barrier component is attached to the outer envelope, the arrangement being such as to allow circumferential stretching of the composite sock. The inner stretchable fabric envelope or the outer stretchable fabric envelope or both is a circular knitted sock. The composite sock has elastic properties such that it can be stretched at least in the X direction to at least 50% extension, and such that when a sample taken from the leg of the composite sock just above the ankle, the sample being 5 cm by 10 cm with the 10 cm dimension aligned in the X direction is extended on a tensometer at 100 mm per minute to 15 cms length (i.e.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2000
    Assignee: Porvair PLC
    Inventors: Karen C. Hayton, Ian Stirling
  • Patent number: 6082145
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing knitted items, particularly for manufacturing items of underwear, with a passage for the insertion of support wires or other insertion elements, in circular knitting machines, and an item obtained with the method. The method consists in forming the passage for the insertion of the wire or other insertion element in an intermediate production step during the knitting of the item, by knitting additional row portions with a preset number of needles alternated with needles excluded from knitting during the formation of the additional rows. In this manner, on one side of the item, a tunnel is obtained which is part of the item and inside which it is possible to insert a support wire or other insertion elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Assignee: Santoni S.p.A.
    Inventors: Francesco Lonati, Ettore Lonati, Fausto Lonati, Tiberio Lonati
  • Patent number: 6079235
    Abstract: A patterned float plated fabric composed of courses incorporates at least two plating yarns dominating alternating patterned sections of the fabric with the floats of their float plated portions, such that a ground fabric is composed from sections of plain courses formed complementary from one of the at least two plating yarns and such that sections of plain ground fabric courses are connected together by at least one stitch formed from the yarns forming the ground fabric of the adjacent patterned sections. Additionally, a process for forming the patterned float plated fabric includes holding down the fabric with a lower throat of a sinker; raising portions of needles to a clearing position; feeding first plating yarn to the raised needles; arranging the sinkers such that their lower looping ledge is between the needles, retracting the needles to an lower intermediate position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2000
    Assignee: Pai Lung Europe Koch & Co. GmbH
    Inventor: Walter Richard Schmidt
  • Patent number: 6006552
    Abstract: The present invention provides a warp-knit slide fastener in which a fastener element row can be easily knitted into and attached stably and firmly on a fastener tape, and fastener elements of the fastener element row are not separated from each other due to pushing up of a fastener face.The successive fastener element row is knitted, simultaneously with knitting of the fastener tape, into a fastener element attaching portion at longitudinally side edge portion of the fastener tape, and is fixed by two wales or more of fixing chain stitch yarns. Respective needle loops of the respective fixing chain stitch yarns push respective element leg portions of the successive fastener element row from above toward a foundation structure. Respective sinker loop groups form a part of the foundation structure on which the successive fastener element line is disposed. Warp in-laid yarns are warp inserted through at least a part of sinker loops of the sinker loop groups while being intermingled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1999
    Assignee: YKK Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshio Matsuda, Hidenobu Kato, Yoshito Ikeguchi
  • Patent number: 5913903
    Abstract: A necessary number of knitting needles are slid at a predetermined timing along a multiplicity of parallel sliding grooves of a single needle bed, and a predetermined number of knitting yarn guides take lapping movements to form desired stitches of the knitting yarns while a monofilament bending means between one end of the needle bed and the yarn guides is operated at a predetermined timing for reciprocating along a predetermined number of knitting yarns at an underlapping position. During this reciprocating movement, a head-portion-holding member is moved between a holding position for holding a head portion of each fastener element from an inside thereof and a non-holding position, in synchronism with the bending of a monofilament.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Assignee: YKK Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshio Matsuda, Hidenobu Kato, Yoshito Ikeguchi, Michio Ito
  • Patent number: 5857359
    Abstract: In a knit slide fastener in which a continuous fastener element row is knitted in a fastener element attaching marginal portion of each of fastener tapes simultaneously with the knitting of the fastener tape, the fastener element attaching marginal portion includes a plurality of parallel binding chain stitch yarns extending longitudinally of the marginal portion for holding the fastener element row to the marginal portion. One of the binding chain stitch yarns, which is adjacent to coupling heads of fastener elements, is larger in size than the remaining binding stitch yarns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1999
    Assignee: YKK Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshio Matsuda, Hidenobu Kato, Yoshito Ikeguchi
  • Patent number: 5809805
    Abstract: An improved warp/knit stitch reinforced multi-axial non-crimp layered fabric sheet used in structural applications, as for example, in aircraft and water applications, e.g. the skin of an airplane wing or fuselage structure, in water applications, e.g. skins of surfboards and boats, and in other areas where high strength and relatively light weight is required. The fabric is comprised of a plurality of plies facewise disposed upon one another and knitted or stitched to form a structural sheet. Each fabric ply is made of strands of aligned structural fibers which can be later impregnated and even pre-impregnated with a resin curable matrix. The improved sheet is formed by applying unidirectional non-crimp and non-woven plies of different angular relationship to one another, e.g. a +45.degree., a 90.degree. and a -45.degree. ply and locating 0.degree. plies in essentially any position in the ply arrangement such that the 0.degree.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1998
    Assignee: McDonnell Douglas Corporation
    Inventors: Raymond J. Palmer, Gert Wagener
  • Patent number: 5794460
    Abstract: A knit slide fastener stringer comprising: a fastener tape knit in a warp-knit ground structure and having along one longitudinal edge an element-attaching marginal portion, and a continuous fastener element row knitted in and along the element-attaching marginal portion of the fastener tape and secured by anchoring chain stitch yarns of at least two wales simultaneously with the knitting of the fastener tape. In the slide fastener stringer, an additional anchoring chain stitch yarn independent from the anchoring chain stitch yarns is disposed between the anchoring chain stitch yarns near the coupling head portions and successive coupling head portions, extending warpwise over the fastener element row. And a connecting yarn extending weftwise substantially diagonally in gaps between adjacent fastener elements from the upper side to the lower side connects the additional anchoring chain stitch yarn with the ground structure of the fastener tape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1998
    Assignee: YKK Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshio Matsuda, Hidenobu Kato, Yoshito Ikeguchi
  • Patent number: 5765400
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for the production of endless tubular fabrics on a flatbed knitting machine. Two methods are described in which the tube is knitted in one case with vertical axis and in another case with horizontal axis. In the first case, tubes of any desired length can be produced. In the second case, tubes of any desired diameter can be produced. In the first method, a first half of the circumference of the tube is knitted on a front needle bed, whereupon the second half of the circumference is knitted on the rear needle bed upon the backward movement of the cam carriage of the flatbed knitting machine. Thereupon, the second course of loops is knitted on the first needle bed and knitted backward in the second needle bed. In this way an endless tube is knitted. The tube is stabilized in circumferential direction by the laying-in of a filling thread. In the other method, the first course is knitted as connected multi-layer knitted fabric on the front and rear needle beds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1998
    Assignee: Technit-Technische Textilien und Systeme GmbH
    Inventor: Friedrich Roell
  • Patent number: 5623840
    Abstract: A process for the manufacture of knitted goods with integrated weft and/or warp threads on a knitting machine having at least one needle bed by way of an actuatable thread guide which is movable in a controlled manner in the direction of the needle bed independently of a thread guide of a knitting feed system of the knitting machine. In the process, a thread is fed to a knitting region of the knitting machine by the thread carrier, which is guided along the needle bed in order to insert a warp thread corresponding to a desired length over several needles. The thread is inserted without intermeshing into the knitting region by the insertion of a warp thread over several courses of loops of the knitted goods, and remains in place without the thread being laid on tuck or intermeshed, and by the insertion of a diagonally extended thread, is moved along the needle bed during the formation of the loops of the knitted goods in the knitting machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1997
    Assignee: Tecnit-Technische Textilien und Systeme GmbH
    Inventor: Friedrich Roell
  • Patent number: 5615563
    Abstract: A knit slide fastener comprises: a warp-knit fastener tape having along one longitudinal edge a fastener-element-mounting marginal portion; and a row of continuous fastener elements knitted in the fastener-element-mounting marginal portion simultaneously with the knitting of the warp-knit fastener tape; the fastener-element-mounting marginal portion including anchoring chain stitches knitted of a plurality of parallel knitting yarns for pressing down successive legs of the continuous fastener elements, and a plurality of anchoring weft inlaid yarns laid in weftwise in a zigzag pattern and between the parallel knitting yarns of the anchoring chain stitches, the anchoring weft inlaid yarns being interlaced with the chain stitches.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 1, 1997
    Assignee: YKK Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshio Matsuda, Hidenobu Kato, Yoshito Ikeguchi
  • Patent number: 5600974
    Abstract: A woven or non-woven fibrous material has a substrate formed of first and second thermoplastic fibers. The fabric is passed through an oven at a temperature sufficient to melt the first fibers thereby fusing at least some of the first fibers and second fibers one to the other. The second fibers retain their discrete definition within the composite whereby the composite is provided such that, when cut for use, for example, to form a slat of a vertical blind or a wall panel, the composite retains its shape. A foam backing is provided and cured in the oven simultaneously with the melting of the first fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1997
    Assignee: Burlington Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Julius R. Schnegg, Manfred H. K. Hueneke, Bobby L. McConnell, John Rinderman, deceased
  • Patent number: 5585169
    Abstract: A non-woven substrate is combined with warps and wefts in a warp-knit, weft-insertion machine to form a decorative fabric and later combined with a foam backing. The substrate is substantially uniformly even over its entire surface and has an opacity sufficient to substantially preclude any visual perception of the substrate from the technical backside of the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 17, 1996
    Assignee: Burlington Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Julius R. Schnegg, William B. Lowe, Jr., Bobby L. McConnell
  • Patent number: 5540064
    Abstract: A knit slide fastener including a fastener tape composed of a warp-knit ground structure and having an element-supporting portion along one longitudinal edge thereof, and a row of continuous coupling elements knit into and along the element-supporting portion as the fastener tape is knit, wherein two threads are knit as binding chain stitches of a double-knit structure into the element-supporting portion, each of the binding chain-stitch threads having a series off upper needle loops binding legs of the row of continuous coupling elements, and a series of lower needle loops intertwined with needle loops of corresponding chain-stitch threads forming a part of the ground structure. With this arrangement, the element-supporting portion is made tight and has a fine knit structure which will insure attachment of the of coupling elements to the element-supporting portion with high dimensional stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 30, 1996
    Assignee: YKK Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshio Matsuda, Shunji Akashi, Hidenobu Kato, Yoshito Ikeguchi
  • Patent number: 5540982
    Abstract: The present invention provides a unique knit construction having a nonfiberglass stiffness-controlling yarn in the fabric of the backing. Preferably, the nonfiberglass stiffness-controlling yarn is used in combination with a heat shrinkable yarn or a stretch yarn, and alternatively a nonfiberglass microdenier yarn. More preferably, the nonfiberglass stiffness-controlling yarn is in combination with a stretch yarn and a nonfiberglass microdenier yarn. Most preferably, the nonfiberglass stiffness-controlling yarn is in combination with a heat shrinkable, elastically extensible yarn, and a nonfiberglass microdenier yarn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 30, 1996
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Matthew T. Scholz, Miroslav Tochacek, Jason L. Edgar
  • Patent number: 5512354
    Abstract: The present invention provides a unique knit construction having a nonfiberglass microdenier yarn in the fabric of the backing. Preferably, the nonfiberglass microdenier yarn is used in combination with a heat shrinkable yarn or a stretch yarn, and alternatively a nonfiberglass yarn for controlling stiffness, i.e., a stiffness-controlling yarn. More preferably, the nonfiberglass microdenier yarn is in combination with a stretch yarn and a nonfiberglass stiffness-controlling yarn. Most preferably, the nonfiberglass microdenier yarn is in combination with a heat shrinkable, elastically extensible yarn, and a nonfiberglass stiffness-controlling yarn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1996
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Matthew T. Scholz, Miroslav Tochacek, Jason L. Edgar
  • Patent number: 5502985
    Abstract: A knit slide fastener of the type including a warp-knit fastener tape having a ground structure composed of chain stitches, and a row of continuous coupling elements knit into and along an element-supporting portion of one longitudinal edge portion of the fastener tape as the fastener tape is knit, wherein binding chain stitches are knit into the element-supporting portion to secure the row of coupling elements to the longitudinal tape edge portion, the binding chain stitches having sinker loops urging pairs of legs of the coupling elements toward the element-supporting portion, and needle loops intertwined with needle loops of the chain stitches of the ground structure. With this arrangement, the longitudinal tape edge portion has a knit structure which is relatively tight and substantially non-stretchable in the longitudinal direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1996
    Assignee: YKK Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshio Matsuda, Yoshito Ikeguchi
  • Patent number: 5502986
    Abstract: A knit slide fastener including a fastener tape composed of a warp-knit ground structure including chain stitches, and a row of continuous coupling elements knit into and along an element-supporting portion of the fastener tape as the fastener tape is knit, wherein a plurality of threads are knit into the element-supporting portion as binding chain stitches, so as to form a group of successive longitudinally interlocked needle loops appearing on the front side and arranged such that in every two adjacent courses, the preceding needle loop overlies an upper leg of one coupling element, and the succeeding needle loop is disposed in a space between the coupling element and an adjacent coupling element at a position close to the ground structure so as to bend or flex the preceding needle loop into an inverted U shape extending embracingly over the upper and lower legs of the coupling element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1996
    Assignee: YKK Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshio Matsuda, Hidenobu Kato, Yoshito Ikeguchi
  • Patent number: 5472769
    Abstract: A soft body armor material with enhanced puncture resistance is fabricated from knitted light weight, durable fibers, such as aramid fibers. The knitted portions are joined by interwoven portions providing an integrally formed hinge-like effect for flexibility. A deflection shield formed from a thin mesh of stainless steel or titanium wire or a sheet of light weight metal, such as titanium, with corrugations or dimples on the externally facing surface provides additional penetration resistance for sharp pointed objects. An inner resilient trauma shield and a removable moisture absorbing inner layer are also optionally included. Hollow fibers are employed in some of the layers to provide a ventilation or cooling capability, and fibers having an electrically resistive component can be employed in conjunction with a battery to provide resistance heating for warmth and moisture dissipation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 5, 1995
    Assignee: American Institute of Criminology International Corp.
    Inventors: David J. Goerz, Jr., Hugh R. Smith, Jr., Kenneth C. Miguel-Bettencourt
  • Patent number: 5461885
    Abstract: An improved substrate for retaining a hardenable composition, which substrate utilizes a double face knit having knitting fabrics of multiple bundles formed on both its face and back surfaces, the knitting fabrics being impregnatable with hardenable resin by capillary action and retaining the resin to enable curing thereof into a hard composition, the improved substrate providing the advantages of substrates composed of glass fibers such as strength and good air permeability, while also providing advantages of substrates composed of natural and synthetic fibers such as comfort and non-irritability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 31, 1995
    Assignee: Alcare Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Genkichi Yokoyama, Takayuki Sekine
  • Patent number: 5457968
    Abstract: A seating structure comprising a warp knit fabric attached to a frame, the fabric comprising at least one restraining cord adjacent each selvage of the fabric and elastomeric monofilament perpendicular to each restraining cord, the elastomeric monofilament being located along the full width of the fabric in the weft direction and substantially continuous from course to course, the structure being characterized by excellent long-term wear and seating comfort, particularly for automotive applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1995
    Assignees: Shakespeare, Carolina Narrow Fabrics, Brite Seating Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian W. McClintock, James H. Moreland, David B. Skinner, James V. Snipes, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5416961
    Abstract: A knitted wire carrier for use in the manufacture of weather seals comprising, a wire folded into a zig-zag configuration for carrying a plurality of polymeric warp threads knitted on the wire and at least one meltable filament laid-in into at least two adjacent warp threads, whereby on heating, the melted filament causes the at least two adjacent warp threads to be bonded to the wire and/or to each other. The resulting wire carrier is stabilized against warp drift and is useful in the manufacture of a wire carrier reinforced weather seal. A method of manufacturing the carrier using a modified knitter is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 23, 1995
    Assignee: Schlegel Corporation
    Inventor: Paul M. Vinay
  • Patent number: 5415007
    Abstract: A fabric intended to serve as an insert in working trousers or trouser legs for power-saw operators. The fabric consists of two layers, viz. a carrier layer or passive layer, wherein the threads interconnect the threads of the active layer, i.e. the layer wherein on account of the contraction of the passive layer threads caused by suitable treatment of them, the threads of the active layer are forced to take on a sinuous configuration whereby at their contact with the saw chain the sinuous sections will be caught by the chain, and the threads of the active layer by pulled out and thus so heavily oppose the movement of the saw chain that the latter is immobilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1995
    Assignee: Eng-Tex AB
    Inventor: Kjell Eng
  • Patent number: 5402995
    Abstract: The invention relates to an elastic belt for furniture, articles or vehicle seats wherein a plurality of weft yarns are interconnected by bonding yarns. The weft yarns may include longitudinal double S configurations which allow the weft to lengthen and shorten following the elastic warp threads.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1995
    Assignee: Cintel S.r.l.
    Inventor: Anacleto Fontana
  • Patent number: 5393596
    Abstract: A decking suspension material and method of application to a furniture frame is provided whereby in one embodiment a fabric is knitted from a plurality of polymeric yarns and at least one of the yarns has a relatively high gauge. More specifically, an elastomeric polyester warp yarn is utilized having a gauge of 35 as contrasted to the other yarns which have a denier of 150. The high gauge elastomeric warp yarn consists of a monofilament which is exposed along the bottom surface of the fabric when installed on the furniture frame to provide resiliency and strength to the decking suspension material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1995
    Inventors: Roger Tornero, S. David Gray
  • Patent number: 5373713
    Abstract: A knitted fabric for winterweight garments comprising two confronting webs, one overlying the other and united at intervals by a stitch of the yarn of one web engaging the other web. One of the webs has thick and thin yarns grouped in adjacent courses, the grouped courses of thick yarns alternating with the grouped courses of thin yarns to produce a ridged effect in the web. The thick yarns produce ridge lines and the thin yarns intermediate said ridge lines produce air-entrapping channels in the one web. The other web is preferably smooth on both surfaces. When fabricated into a garment the ridged web is on the inside and the smooth web is on the outside of the garment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1994
    Assignee: J. E. Morgan Knitting Mills, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert A. Miller
  • Patent number: 5345791
    Abstract: A tubular textile insert for strengthening material is made of a stack of successive layers of parallel and interlinked threads. More particularly, there is a first-direction layer defining a cylindrical shape and form by several parallel threads arranged in a spiral relative to the central axis of the cylindrical shape. A second cylindrical layer is also formed in a cylindrical shape by several parallel threads arranged in a spiral, but at a pitch in the opposite direction to the spiral pitch of the first layer. The cylindrical shape defines a plurality of generating lines that are angularly spaced apart from one another and extend generally parallel to the central axis of the cylindrical shape. Several binding threads are arranged parallel to the generating lines and link the threads of the first and second layers together without piercing or crossing those threads of the first and second layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 13, 1994
    Assignee: C.R.S.T. (S.A.)
    Inventor: Laurent Mathieu
  • Patent number: 5344687
    Abstract: Binded and structurally reinforced thermoplastic-fabric composite construction materials, that are moldable, are described, comprising a structurally reinforced multilayer binded together in a binding process. A barrier fabric layer, and/or a decorative layer, may also be included in order to produce or vary decorative, and/or other effects. The structurally reinforced multilayer is made from a thermoplastic resin system and at least one fabric layer containing reinforcing fibers. Reinforcing fibers are introduced into components of the structurally reinforced multilayer, within the fabric layers, and may also be comingled with or layered into the thermoplastic resin system before addition to the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1994
    Assignee: Brunswick Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Martin S. Grimnes
  • Patent number: 5308673
    Abstract: A stitchbonded absorbent article and method of making same are presented. The article exhibits good hand, repeated washing durability, and absorbency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1994
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Miroslav Tochacek, Donald M. Courteau
  • Patent number: 5299435
    Abstract: A method of knitting a double needle bed fabric in which an inlay thread or yarn 12 is interlaced into the fabric by transferring stitches from the active needles (10) of one needle bed to the needles of the other bed. In this way the inlay 12 is interlaced or "woven" into the fabric without actually forming loops in the inlay 12. This enables materials that cannot be knitted to be incorporated into fabrics securely.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 5, 1994
    Assignee: Courtaulds PLC
    Inventor: Sylvan A. Whalley
  • Patent number: 5294479
    Abstract: An interlining comprising a non-woven substrate with a single or double bar ripple weft stitch knitted therethrough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 15, 1994
    Assignee: Precision Custom Coatings, Inc.
    Inventor: Pietro Longo
  • Patent number: 5280887
    Abstract: The invention relates to an elastic belt for furniture articles or vehicle seats, wherein a plurality of weft yarns are interconnected by bonding yarns each with two elastic warp threads, preferably not adjacent warp threads. The weft yarns show longitudinal double S configurations allowing the weft to lengthen and shorten following the elastic warp threads. The invention further relates to a textile machine having elastic warp threads, a device for controlling the bonding yarns and a weft yarn guide with a plurality of passages for the plurality of weft yarns, the guide being acted upon to shift the weft yarns in both directions into alignment with two alternated warp threads, and to form the weft yarns double S configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: Cintel S.r.l.
    Inventor: Anacleto Fontana
  • Patent number: 5213863
    Abstract: An upholstered structure comprising a three dimensional support core having a fabric cover, and in which the fabric cover is a double jersey knitted structure, the technical reverse side of the fabric cover being located on the core side of the upholstered structure and exhibiting at least one identifying mark in a contrasting yarn to its surroundings, the mark being substantially not visible on the exposed technical face of the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1993
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Gerald F. Day, Giles T. Gregory
  • Patent number: 5191777
    Abstract: Warp and weft yarns are alternately laid one on top of the other and the weft yarns are stitched to provide a woven-like fabric appearance. At least one weft yarn is provided in each stitch course between the stitch loop and the underlap, the stitching forming no part of the interlacing and the woven-like fabric appearance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1993
    Assignee: Burlington Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Julius R. Schnegg
  • Patent number: 5168000
    Abstract: A flat textile body is composed of adjacent bands (2) that extend in a perpendicular direction to its main center-plane (M). Each band has marginal sections (4) made of woven or knitted warp (6) and weft threads (8). Between the marginal sections at least most of the weft threads are floating threads. Adjacent marginal sections (4) of adjacent bands (2) are not linked to each other by purely mechanical means, i.e. glued or soldered. The resulting flat body is easy to produce in a precise manner and is very versatile. In particular, it can be cut along its main center-plane (M) into two symmetrical pile carpet plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1992
    Assignee: Textilma AG
    Inventors: Ruedi Reinhard, Michael Dorn
  • Patent number: 5149583
    Abstract: A method for the manufacture of an oriented thread structure for lamination and/or protective purposes is disclosed in which preferably glass, carbon, aramide, borax or ceramic reinforcing threads (1), in general are bound to form an oriented thread mat. The mat can be laminated inside a resin or other binder to form a strong shell structure, in which the strength of the shell is principally based on the strength of the above-mentioned reinforcing threads (1). The laminable thread structure can be easily formed on the surface of a mold and avoids air-bubbles in the laminate. The reinforcing threads (1) are bound to a basic knitted structure consisting of one-sided loops (2) by loops (3, 4) running transversely in the opposite direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1992
    Inventor: Jukka Saarikettu
  • Patent number: 5119643
    Abstract: An improved male-female type connector assembly. A male connector includes hook elements while a female connector includes a composite of a flexible substrate having a knit structure with loops produced about at least a portion of same. Loop weight, loop density and/or configuration of the hook elements may be varied to produce an assembly that is intended for repetitive connective, disconnect operations, or a semi-permanent structural connection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1992
    Inventors: James P. Conley, William E. Cowan, Douglas L. Heydt
  • Patent number: 5118569
    Abstract: The disclosed reinforcement sheet is a knitted fabric formed from a plurality of reinforcing yarns 5 and a plurality of matrix yarns 9, wherein the reinforcing yarns are held in the linear state without being bent, arranged in parallel to and spaced from one another in a matrix knitting structure, and the matrix yarns cover the linear reinforcing yarns, without bending the linear reinforcing yarns, to form the matrix knitting structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1992
    Assignees: Teijin Limited, Gunze Limited
    Inventors: Toshimasa Kuroda, Yoshimi Tanaka, Takashige Oka, Kouichi Yamada, Nobutaka Kiyohara, Akihiro Sato, Mitsuo Hosoi
  • Patent number: 5013089
    Abstract: A vehicle seat assembly has a seat frame, and an integrated elastomeric filament suspension and fabric cover in which the elastomeric filaments and yarn for the fabric are knitted together and stretched over the frame to provide a low profile finished seat or back rest which functions both as a suspension and as an aesthetic trim cover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1991
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Ismat A. Abu-Isa, Susan C. Moran, Michael A. Roy
  • Patent number: 4924560
    Abstract: A stretchable slide fastener includes a pair of stretchable stringer tapes each having a longitudinal edge, and a row of coupling elements mounted on the longitudinal edge at a pitch. The pitch of the row of coupling elements is variable as the longitudinal edge is stretched. Each of the coupling elements includes a coupling head having a height, and at least the longitudinal edge being longitudinally stretchable by at least 10% such that the pitch of the coupling elements remains smaller than an interval which is twice the height of the coupling head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 15, 1990
    Assignee: Yoshida Kogyo K. K.
    Inventors: Yoshio Matsuda, Mitsuo Horikawa, Noritaka Tsubata
  • Patent number: 4893482
    Abstract: Warp knit fabrics, especially sewn-knitted fabrics, are produced by a method and apparatus whch results in single and multiple layer sloping fabrics having oblique and diagonal endless filling threads with respect to the boundary of the fabrics. Spaced-apart chain conveyors transport a plurality of filling-thread sections, each of which contains a plurality of endless filling threads, to a stitch-forming site. The plurality of filling-thread sections are held between and transported by the conveyors by a plurality of hooks in the conveyors. Filling thread sections are laid onto the hooks by at least one filling laying device having a guide means for laying the filling thread sections onto the hooks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 16, 1990
    Assignee: VEB Kombinat Textima
    Inventors: Bertram Frenzel, Dietmar Grenzendorfer, Heinz Kemter, Wolfgang Wuensch, Peter Zeisberg
  • Patent number: 4872323
    Abstract: An apparatus for laying groups of transverse weft threads for a warp knitting machine, the threads being laid on two longitudinal conveyors running to the needle bed by means of a carriage which is reciprocated between and transversely to the direction of travel of the longitudinal conveyors. The weft threads laid after the forward movement lie parallel to the weft threads laid after the backward movement and with the same spacing from the adjacent weft thread in each case. First groups of weft threads are laid as a first layer and then groups of weft threads are laid as a second layer on the first layer in a direction of their weft threads which forms, with the direction of the weft threads of the first layer, and angle, particularly of at least 20.degree., which opens transversely to the direction of travel of the longitudinal conveyors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1989
    Assignee: LIBA Maschinenfabrik GmbH
    Inventor: Roland Wunner
  • Patent number: 4854135
    Abstract: A dry cleanable self-lined unfinished lustrous antique satin fabric having good hand, good crease resistance, and a woven look is provided. The fabric is a weft inserted warp knit (wiwk) fabric which has a multiple substrate, a single substrate with foam backing, or a single substrate with an additional sewn lining. The weft yarn is on the face of the substrate, and is a lustrous yarn such as rayon (as when producing non-washable draperies), or acrylic, bright polyester or acetate (as when producing washable draperies). The weft has a density equivalent to between about 36-52 single picks per inch, and at least part of the weft may comprise a novelty yarn. The warp yarn is stitching yarn, in a tricot stitch configuration. The warp yarn is a low-shrinkage filament yarn that is not fully oriented, and has a denier of between about 20-60, and an elongation of at least 15 percent. Non-woven inexpensive polyester substrate may be utilized; if a single layer is utilized it has a maximum weight of 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 8, 1989
    Assignee: Burlington Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Vaclav Petracek, Julius Schnegg
  • Patent number: 4841749
    Abstract: Aesthetic warp-knit, weft-inserted fabrics are produced having multiple substrate layers, warp yarns extending in the warp-wise direction of the fabric, and weft yarns extending in the weft-wise direction of the fabric. The warp and/or weft yarns are interposed between the multiple substrate layers. Warp stitching yarns forming stitch wales spaced-apart along the warp-wise direction of the fabric and stitched through the substrate layers hold the warp and weft yarns in position relative to one another and relative to the substrates. The substrates may also be provided in juxtaposed relationship to one another so as to increase the opacity, esthetics, and dimensional stability of the resulting fabric. Thermoplastic fibers may be incorporated in the fabric such that upon plasticization and subsequent cooling, they assist in binding of the resulting fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1989
    Assignee: Burlington Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Vaclav Petracek, Julius R. Schnegg
  • Patent number: 4838044
    Abstract: A warp-knit tape is disclosed for use in hook-and-loop fasteners, which tape comprises a pile portion and selvage portions on opposite sides thereof, the pile portion including pile-loops arranged to extend longitudinally in a meandering fashion to prevent the same from tilting down flat on the surface of the tape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 13, 1989
    Assignee: Yoshida Kogyo K. K.
    Inventors: Yoshio Matsuda, Mitsutoshi Ishihara
  • Patent number: 4802346
    Abstract: Warp-knit fabric having a two-course repeat pattern of alternating first and second bar yarns. The fabric is prepared by interlocking the first and second bar yarns using a combination of knit and layed-in stitches in opposite fashion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1989
    Assignee: E. I. Du Pont De Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Bahrat J. Gajjar