Quilting Patents (Class 66/85A)
  • Patent number: 5259216
    Abstract: In a knitting machine, a plurality of stepping motors (10) is controlled by an electronic control unit (35) and each motor transmits horizontal oscillations to a tube bar (5). Each oscillation is built up of a plurality of horizontal-movement steps, each step being delimited between two limit points to which a centered positioning of the threading tubes (8) in the spaces defined between the needles (9) corresponds. A photoelectric sensor interlocked to the control unit detects the passage before a given read point of optical locators reproduced on plate-like elements, each associated with the drive shaft of one of the motors, in order to check whether the individual bars perform correct movements. Should a cutoff in the electric supply to the knitting machine (4) occur, each tube bar (5) would be stopped at anyone of the limit points.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1992
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1993
    Inventor: Luigi O. Zorini
  • Patent number: 5119643
    Abstract: An improved male-female type connector assembly. A male connector includes hook elements while a female connector includes a composite of a flexible substrate having a knit structure with loops produced about at least a portion of same. Loop weight, loop density and/or configuration of the hook elements may be varied to produce an assembly that is intended for repetitive connective, disconnect operations, or a semi-permanent structural connection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1992
    Inventors: James P. Conley, William E. Cowan, Douglas L. Heydt
  • Patent number: 5038584
    Abstract: A stitch bonded fabric including a fiber fleece having a plurality of columns of warp-wise stitches, adjacent rows of the warp-wise stitches being offset so that bundles of fiber from the fleece captured thereby follow a sinusoidal path across the width of the fabric. A method of producing the stitch bonded fabric is also disclosed and claimed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 13, 1991
    Inventor: Martin Wildeman
  • Patent number: 4976118
    Abstract: A composite sheet material which is particularly useful as a backing material for carpet underlay is a stitched crepe paper sheet 5 with rows of apparent projections 13 formed therein between parallel rows of stitches 10 by deforming the crepe paper sheet without puncturing the paper. The stitches 10 substantially restrict the extensibility of the crepe paper sheet 5 and the apparent projections 13 are formed at a position in the crepe paper sheet 5 directly in line with the ends 11 of the stitches 10. According to the preferred method, each apparent projection 13 is in reality a depression between two projections formed in the opposite surface of the crepe paper sheet without puncturing the paper. In an alternative embodiment there is a pair of apparent projections 13 formed in the crepe paper sheet 5 between adjacent rows of stitches 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1988
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1990
    Assignee: Scott & Fyfe Limited
    Inventor: William H. Tough
  • Patent number: 4873844
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for the production of a textile strip, by preparing and aftertreating an intermediate product, with the product textile strip being a new article of manufacture and having long weft elements, especially long weft threads, provided diagonally to the strip length, intersecting one another, and connected by longitudinal rows of stitches. The apparatus includes a device on a warp knitting machine, particularly a thread knitting machine, having at least one movable weft laying device, in order to work long weft elements or weft threads, which extend over the entire working width, into the textile strip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1989
    Assignee: VEB Kombinat Textima
    Inventors: Bertram Frenzel, Dietmar Grenzendorfer, Heinz Kemter, Wolfgang Wunsch, Peter Zeisberg
  • Patent number: 4845960
    Abstract: A weft insertion warp knit fabric having a terry or boucle effect is produced by overfeeding at least some of the wrap yarns to a conventional weft inserted warp knitting machine, such as a Raschel, (e.g.) Liba, or Mayer. Terry loops extend outwardly from the technical back side of the fabric, and the loops may be continuous over the entire fabric face, or discontinuous, i.e. being disposed in an intermittent pattern. A substrate may be provided to which the warp and weft yarns are stitch bonded, or the fabric may be substrate-free. By varying the knitting yarn denier and/or stitch length, the erectness of the terry loops may also be varied. The fabric is especially suitable for draperies and upholstery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1983
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1989
    Assignee: Burlington Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Julius R. Schnegg
  • Patent number: 4841749
    Abstract: Aesthetic warp-knit, weft-inserted fabrics are produced having multiple substrate layers, warp yarns extending in the warp-wise direction of the fabric, and weft yarns extending in the weft-wise direction of the fabric. The warp and/or weft yarns are interposed between the multiple substrate layers. Warp stitching yarns forming stitch wales spaced-apart along the warp-wise direction of the fabric and stitched through the substrate layers hold the warp and weft yarns in position relative to one another and relative to the substrates. The substrates may also be provided in juxtaposed relationship to one another so as to increase the opacity, esthetics, and dimensional stability of the resulting fabric. Thermoplastic fibers may be incorporated in the fabric such that upon plasticization and subsequent cooling, they assist in binding of the resulting fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1989
    Assignee: Burlington Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Vaclav Petracek, Julius R. Schnegg
  • Patent number: 4823564
    Abstract: The weft threads (10) are clamped in weft thread hooks (12) supported on longitudinal conveyors (43, 44) extending perpendicular to and adjacent opposite ends of a row of knitting needles (42) by means of clamping slides (20) mounted on the longitudinal conveyors (43, 44). The clamping slides (20) are supported for sliding movement in a perpendicular direction relative to the movement of the longitudinal conveyors (43, 44) and are movable between an inactive, retracted position away from the hooks (12) through a placement zone (E) and an active position pressed against the hooks (12) and the weft threads (10) as the longitudinal conveyors (43, 44) move through a clamping zone (K) extending both upstream and downstream of the row of knitting needles (42).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 25, 1989
    Assignee: LIBA Maschinenfabrik GmbH
    Inventor: Roland Wunner
  • Patent number: 4739635
    Abstract: An improved male-female type connector assembly. A male connector includes hook elements while a female connector includes a composite of a flexible substrate having a knit structure with loops produced about at least a portion of same. Loop height, loop density and/or configuration of the hook elements may be varied to produce an assembly that is intended for repetitive connective, disconnect operations, or a semi-permanent structural connection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 26, 1988
    Assignee: Douglas L. Heydt
    Inventors: James P. Conley, William E. Cowan, Douglas L. Heydt
  • Patent number: 4727731
    Abstract: In a method of producing composite sheet material by forming longitudinal rows of stitches 7 in a paper sheet material 1, the length of paper sheet material 1 used per stitch 7 is increased so that there is entrapped within each stitch 7 in each longitudinal row of stitches 7 a portion of paper sheet material 1 having a length greater than the length of the completed stitch 7. In consequence there are formed in the composite sheet material a longitudinal series of laterally extending corrugations, ridges or ribs which, in the case of a crepe paper sheet material 22, constitute a gross crimp imposed without distortion of the crimps in the initial crepe paper sheet material 22.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1988
    Assignee: Scott & Fyfe Limited
    Inventor: William H. Tough
  • Patent number: 4723424
    Abstract: This invention relates to a stitch-bonding warp knitting machine and a process for operating it. The stitch-bonding warp knitting machine comprises a plurality of knitting needles that pierce a continuously conveyed band of material. The knitting needles are driven by two different reciprocating motions, one of which reciprocates the needles along their longitudinal axis and the other of which swivels said knitting needles about an axis. The invention also includes means for continuously conveying a band of material through a point in the path of said reciprocating knitting needles. The reciprocating action of the needles and the swivelling action about an axis remote from the point that said band of material passes is such that said knitting needles pierce said band of material and at the same time move in a transverse direction in the direction that said band of material is moving and at the same speed of movement all of the time that said needles are penetrating through said band of material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1988
    Assignee: Liba Maschinenfabrik GmbH
    Inventor: Roland Wunner
  • Patent number: 4638647
    Abstract: A flat-weft knitting machine for producing a weft-and-warp-knit fabric, e.g., a stitch knitting machine, employs a weft yarn insertion device, which moves backward and forward, for constantly guiding a continuous thread or yarn group. The insertion device transfers one weft yarn group of the yarn group to first and second weft yarn conveyor means. The weft yarn group is then separated from the insertion device and the yarn group. The weft yarn group thus has free ends at both ends and is then conveyed by the weft yarn conveyor means to a looping point, for connection with loop-forming warp yarns to form a fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 27, 1987
    Assignee: VEB Kombinat Textima
    Inventors: Dietmar Grenzendoerfer, Achim Wierzgon, Gerhard Mueller, Dieter Erth, Ludwig Guenther, Rolf Kuenzel
  • Patent number: 4567738
    Abstract: A structural fabric (20, 28, 40, 48) and a method for making the same is disclosed. Structural fabric (20) is comprised of a plurality of substantially parallel, uniaxial structural yarn (22) and a secondary yarn (24) for holding the structural yarns (22) in place. The structural yarns (22) are oriented at an angle skewed from both the fabric centerline (26) and a line perpendicular to the fabric centerline (26).A double biased fabric (28) is made by sewing two fabrics (20) together with secondary yarn (39). An alternate double bias fabric (40) is made by sewing together with secondary yarn (46) the two layers of a flattened helix made from structural yarn (42, 44) running spirally substantially the length of the fabric (40).A triaxial fabric (48) is made by sewing together with a secondary yarn (56) two single biased fabrics (50, 52) and a layer of longitudinally-extending structural yarn pieces (54).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1980
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1986
    Assignee: Knytex, Inc.
    Inventors: Harold K. Hutson, Ronald G. Krueger
  • Patent number: 4503688
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a warp stitching machine comprising a means for guiding a warp element onto a base material on which the warp element is to be formed into a warp of stitches. This guiding means for the chain element is situated on a bracing means in the warp stitching machine, and is preferably in the form of oblique channels for directing the warp element onto the base material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 1982
    Date of Patent: March 12, 1985
    Assignee: VEB Kombinat Textima
    Inventors: Wolfgang Vogel, Werner Trinks, Horst Heilmann, Dietmar Grenzendorfer, Dietmar Wolfermann
  • Patent number: 4348876
    Abstract: A weft thread laying apparatus for warp knitting machines includes a carriage having a plurality of thread guides disposed thereon perpendicular to a pair of endless transfer chains which carry the weft threads from a pickup area to a delivery area proximate the needed bed of the machine. The transfer chains are additionally accelerated in the pick-up area when the carriage, moving transversely to the chains, is on the outer side of the transfer chains, thereby permitting thread guides to lay thread around holding elements disposed on the transfer chains without requiring the carriage to move in more than one plane. The carriage is provided with a plurality of thread guides which have a skirt portion larger than its stem portion to insure that the threads do not become entangled when laid around the holding elements on the transfer chains.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1982
    Assignee: Karl Mayer Textilmaschinen fabrik GmbH
    Inventor: Josef Roth
  • Patent number: 4290278
    Abstract: A machine for producing stitch bonded fabrics comprising means for supplying a layer of warp threads, means for continuously supplying a weft thread, means for supplying a plurality of stitching threads and means for stitching the warp layer and weft thread together with said stitching threads, the improvement being that the means for supplying and laying the weft thread consists of a pair of closely spaced plates, means for forwarding an individual thread towards the plates and means for imparting an oscillatory motion to the forwarded thread before it passes between the plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1981
    Assignee: Imperial Chemical Industries Limited
    Inventor: Kenneth Porter
  • Patent number: 4230057
    Abstract: A thermal insulating material comprises at least two sheets of metallized plastic film, a mesh sandwiched between adjacent film sheets and outer cover layers of mesh sandwiching the film-mesh sandwich. The film-mesh sandwich and the outer meshes are stitched together. Vapor permeability is imparted by perforations through the films.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1978
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1980
    Inventor: Milton Kurz
  • Patent number: 4197723
    Abstract: A fabric composed of a fleece or backing of fibrous material with parallel rows of single thread, sewn-knitted, run resistant, stitches superimposed thereon; a method of making the fabric and a warp knitting machine which is suitable for the production of the sewn-knitted fabric. The fabric can advantageously be used for outer garments, household or space textiles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1980
    Assignee: VEB Wirkmaschinenbau Karl-Marx-Stadt
    Inventors: Gustav Ehedy, Heinz Kemter, Wilfried Ponitz, Engelbert Ehrlich, Walter Politze, Walter Scholtis, Wolfgang Wunsch
  • Patent number: 4051288
    Abstract: A method of producing a reinforced sheet by feeding a layer of foam material to a stitching machine at a rate greater than that at which the stitched material is produced by the machine. The stitching in the product is thus disposed below the surface of the foam and hence is not destroyed during subsequent flame-bonding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1976
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1977
    Inventors: Alister Wilson, William David Marr, George Arthur Guild
  • Patent number: 4026129
    Abstract: A dimensionally stable, padded, fabric of the type having a layer of carded, fibers reinforced by a woven fabric layer, warp knitted together by separate yarns is characterized by the carded fiber layer being unbonded, uncompacted and of intermingled, non-parallel fibers. Also by the woven fabric base layer being a fine mesh, thin, strong, tightly woven scrim of spun polyester fibers in the range of 28s to 40s. Also by the warp knit yarns being spun polyester fibers in the range of 16s to 24s. The knit yarns are embedded in the soft exposed batting face but are on the surface of the exposed scrim face to give that face high abrasion resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1975
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1977
    Inventor: Herschel Sternlieb
  • Patent number: 3996770
    Abstract: A fleece fabric is produced by feeding a fiber web to a reciprocating compound needle row and extending the web fibers across the needle row. A reciprocatory, rotary brush or comb, or a pin bar is used to feed the fibers to the needle row. The conventional cross folder can be dispensed with, and the fabric is stronger than when the web fibers are orientated before they are fed to the needles. The fabric has a density between twice and 15 times that of the constituent web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1973
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1976
    Inventors: Arno Edgar Wildeman, David Brunnschweiler, Keith Whalley
  • Patent number: 3991593
    Abstract: In a warp knitting machine comprising a row of reciprocable needles having hooks, knock-over means and counter means spaced from the knock-over means so arranged that the reciprocation of the needles traverses the respective knock-over means and counter means, means for feeding a non-woven fabric between the knock-over means and the counter means, and means for opening and closing the hooks of the needles, the improvement comprising means defining a recess in the path of each of the needles, the recess being in the form of a space into which the fabric bulges as the needles are withdrawn from the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 1975
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1976
    Assignee: VEB Wirkmaschinenbau Karl-Marx-Stadt
    Inventors: Georg Bernert, Josef Kumpfel, Manfred Schneider, Wolfgang Vogel
  • Patent number: 3967472
    Abstract: A fleece fabric is produced by first consolidating a fleece into a primary fabric by fleece knitting, and then stitch bonding the primary fabric with warp yarn.The fabric is at least as strong and stable as ordinary stitch bonded fabrics, but has substantially improved pilling and abrasion resistance, and a much wider range of patterning and surface texture possibilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1973
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1976
    Inventors: Arno Edgar Wildeman, David Brunnschweiler
  • Patent number: RE28718
    Abstract: A run-resistant textile material includes a knitted structure of warp threads on a backing layer of loose fibrous material.Individual fibers are pulled out of the layer by notched knitting needles of a warp knitting machine and formed into loops together with, and underlying the chain .[.switched.]. .Iadd.stitched .Iaddend.warp threads. The fiber loops whose ends are anchored in the backing layer protect the fabric from laddering when a single stitch is broken.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1973
    Date of Patent: February 24, 1976
    Assignee: VEB Nahwirkmaschinenbau Malimo Karl-Marx-Stadt
    Inventors: Engelbert Ehrlich, Martin Schonfuss
  • Patent number: RE28857
    Abstract: Apparatus for producing stitch bonded fabric and having needles which penetrate a fleece and receives threads which are controlled by thread guides and also including wires which enter but do not completely penetrate the fleece whereby a loop of fibers are formed around a hook of the needle and retained thereby. The threads lock the interengaged stitch loops and means are provided to permit a thread to be passed over the hook formation of the needle to form a .[.tricot-.]. stitch seam to the fleece. .Iadd.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1974
    Date of Patent: June 15, 1976
    Assignee: Cosmopolitan Textile Company, Ltd.
    Inventor: Arno Edgar Wildeman