Using A Transmission Ratio As Feedback Control Patents (Class 701/61)
  • Patent number: 10890250
    Abstract: A control apparatus of a continuously variable transmission includes a shifting controller and a detector. The continuously variable transmission includes a hydraulic pressure supplier and a continuously variable transmission unit. The continuously variable transmission unit is able to perform continuously variable shifting by a hydraulic pressure in the hydraulic pressure supplier. The shifting controller causes, when the detector detects an abnormality, the hydraulic pressure in the hydraulic pressure supplier to fall within a range that is equal to or greater than a first value and less than a second value. The first value is a value at which minimal operation performed by the continuously variable transmission unit is available. The second value is a value upon normal operation before the detector detects the abnormality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Assignee: SUBARU CORPORATION
    Inventor: Koichiro Terai
  • Patent number: 10739788
    Abstract: Various applications for use of mass estimations of a vehicle, including to control operation of the vehicle, sharing the mass estimation with other vehicles and/or a Network Operations Center (NOC), organizing vehicles operating in a platoon and/or partially controlling the operation of one or more vehicles operating in a platoon based on the relative mass estimations between the platooning vehicles. When vehicles are operating in a platoon, the relative mass between a lead and a following vehicle may be used to scale torque and/or brake commands generated by the lead vehicle and sent to the following vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: Peloton Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Joshua P. Switkes, Stephen M Erlien, Austin B. Schuh
  • Patent number: 9915343
    Abstract: A road surface friction coefficient calculator is to detect a coefficient of friction on a road surface. A braking force calculator is to detect the braking force of a vehicle. A decelerating calculator is to determine whether the vehicle transitions to a decelerating travel mode. The pulley pressure controller is to control pulley pressure in a belt-driven continuously variable transmission. The pulley pressure controller is to increase the pulley pressure by an additional amount when the decelerating calculator determines the vehicle transitions to the decelerating travel mode while the coefficient of friction detected by the road surface friction coefficient calculator is equal to or lower than a reference value. The pulley pressure controller is to reduce the additional amount when the braking force calculator detects an increase in the braking force in the decelerating travel mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yuichiro Takemori
  • Patent number: 9739375
    Abstract: Systems and methods for controlling transmissions and associated vehicles, machines, equipment, etc., are disclosed. In one case, a transmission control system includes a control unit configured to use a sensed vehicle speed and a commanded, target constant input speed to maintain an input speed substantially constant. The system includes one or more maps that associate a speed ratio of a transmission with a vehicle speed. In one embodiment, one such map associates an encoder position with a vehicle speed. Regarding a specific application, an automatic bicycle transmission shifting system is contemplated. An exemplary automatic bicycle includes a control unit, a shift actuator, various sensors, and a user interface. The control unit is configured to cooperate with a logic module and an actuator controller to control the cadence of a rider.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: Fallbrook Intellectual Property Company LLC
    Inventors: Christopher M. Vasiliotis, Loren T. McDaniel
  • Patent number: 9366598
    Abstract: A method for testing a transmission of a vehicle, the transmission including a hydrostatic unit installed on the vehicle. The method includes calculating an actual value of a parameter which is indicative of the volumetric efficiency of the hydrostatic unit, in a working condition. The method also includes determining an expected value of the parameter in the working condition. The actual value is comparable with the expected value in order to evaluate how the hydrostatic unit is working.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: CNH Industrial America LLC
    Inventors: Francesco Mancarella, Gabriele Morandi
  • Patent number: 9038939
    Abstract: A method of controlling a group (2) of engines developing a necessary power (Wnec) for driving a rotor (3), said group (2) of engines having at least one electrical member (4), electrical energy storage means (5), and a first number n of engines (6) that is greater than or equal to two. A processor unit (10) executes instructions for evaluating a main condition as to whether the group of engines can develop the necessary power while resting one engine, and if so for resting one engine and accelerating a second number engines not at rest, and for causing the electrical member to operate in motor mode, if necessary, the electrical member operating temporarily in electricity generator mode when the storage means are discharged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignees: Airbus Helicopters, EADS (European Aeronautic Defence And Space Company EADS France)
    Inventors: Nadine Dyrla, Alban Corpron, Emmanuel Joubert, Hichem Smaoui
  • Patent number: 9014934
    Abstract: A method of controlling a pump for a hybrid transmission includes commanding a first line pressure of the transmission and deriving a first torque value—an open-loop torque value—from the first line pressure command, and commanding the pump to operate at the first torque value. The method monitors actual speed of the pump and derives a second torque value—a closed-loop torque value—therefrom. A third torque value is derived from the first and second torque values, and the pump commanded to operate at the third torque value. A first speed value may be derived from the first line pressure command, and the second torque value derived from the difference between the monitored and the first speed values. Deriving the third torque value may include a substantially-linear combination of the first and second torque values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventor: Jy-Jen F. Sah
  • Patent number: 9008929
    Abstract: A method for controlling a powertrain includes the following steps: (a) determining whether a vehicle is coasting to a stop based on an accelerator pedal position; (b) determining whether an automatic transmission is in first gear; (c) shifting an input clutch from an engaged state to a disengaged state in order to operatively disconnect the automatic transmission from an internal combustion engine if the vehicle is coasting to a stop and the automatic transmission is not in first gear; and (d) shifting the automatic transmission to the first gear in order to allow the internal combustion engine to be shut down while the vehicle is coasting to a stop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Martin Gentile, Armin Mueller
  • Patent number: 8996266
    Abstract: A vehicle includes an engine, an engine control module (ECM), and a dual clutch transmission (DCT) assembly. The DCT assembly has first and second input clutches, first and second gear sets selectively connected to the engine via the respective first and second input clutches, and a transmission control module (TCM). In executing a launch control method, the TCM receives a launch request, receives an actual engine torque, and determines the inertia and acceleration of the engine. The TCM then calculates a clutch torque for the particular input clutch used for vehicle launch as a function of the actual engine torque and the product of the inertia and the acceleration, compares the calculated clutch torque to the commanded clutch torque, modifies a torque-to-position (TTP) table depending on the comparison result, and transmits a clutch position signal to the designated input clutch to command an apply position extracted from the TTP table.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Colin Hultengren, Craig J. Hawkins, Matthew D. Whitton, Crystal Nassouri, Jonathan P. Kish
  • Patent number: 8989971
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for detecting and compensating for pressure transducer errors includes a valve for regulating operation of a hydraulic device, a pressure transducer for detecting a pressure output from the valve, and a microprocessor comprising logic for computing a pressure measurement error of the pressure transducer. The pressure transducer is configured to output a pressure reading representing the detected pressure. The pressure measurement error may be computed using a first pressure reading from the pressure transducer taken at an operating condition in which the actual output pressure of the valve is substantially known, together with the substantially known actual output pressure of the valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventor: Mark L. Dell' Eva
  • Patent number: 8977453
    Abstract: In a control apparatus for an automatic transmission that changes speed of an engine output and transmits it to driven wheels, having an electromagnetic control valve installed in a hydraulic pressure supply device of the transmission and operated upon receipt of current to control hydraulic pressure supply to the transmission; and a current supply controller composed of a microcomputer installed on an electronic circuit board, calculating a current supply command value of the current supplied to the valve based on a hydraulic pressure supply control value of the transmission calculated based on the vehicle's operating condition and controlling current supply from a battery to the valve based on the command value, a load detector detects load of an electric device that shares ground set on the board with the valve; and the current supply controller calculates the command value based on the hydraulic pressure supply control value and detected load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Nobuaki Komiya, Atsushi Kurauchi
  • Patent number: 8977454
    Abstract: A system and method are provided for grade-based anti-hunt shift control of an automatic transmission powering a machine. A shift controller determines a recommended gear in which to operate the transmission and sets an anti-hunt timer upon recommending a shift from a first gear to a second gear. The anti-hunt timer prevents a subsequent shift back to the first gear while the anti-hunt timer is running. A grade-based controller is configured to track machine operation and to determine when the machine operational factors change such that an estimated steady state gear differs from the second gear. When such a change is encountered, the grade-based controller clears the anti-hunt timer and sets a secondary timer. The clearing of the anti-hunt timer allows a downshift to accommodate the detected grade while the setting of the secondary timer prevents a subsequent clearing of the anti-hunt timer while the secondary timer is running.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Scott A. Tipton, James W. Landes, Justin L. Steinlage
  • Patent number: 8965647
    Abstract: A control apparatus for a continuously variable transmission is capable of continuously changing an output of an internal combustion engine mounted on a vehicle and allowing a transmission mode to be switchable between a continuous transmission mode in which a transmission ratio is set continuously and a stepped transmission mode in which the transmission ratio is set stepwise. A transmission mode selector is configured to change the transmission mode in such a manner that in a case where the stepped transmission mode is selected, when a engine rotation speed reaches a first predetermined rotation speed, then falls below a second predetermined rotation speed which is lower than the first predetermined rotation speed, and further falls below a third predetermined rotation speed, the transmission mode is switched from the stepped transmission mode to the continuous transmission mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Akihira Aoki
  • Patent number: 8958935
    Abstract: A bicycle drive apparatus includes a bicycle transmission, a drive assistance electric motor and a microcomputer. The microcomputer includes an output control section that controls an output of the drive assistance electric motor, and that issues a motor output increasing command to increase the output of the drive assistance electric motor upon receiving a shift command for shifting the transmission.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Shimano Inc.
    Inventor: Akihiko Shoge
  • Patent number: 8948982
    Abstract: A manner of managing operation of a machine is described for preventing damage/wear to movable machine components arising from operation of the machine/parts at excessive speed while the machine is traveling down a steep incline. The managing of the machine operation includes determining a downhill slope value in a machine direction of travel and then establishing a maximum commanded transmission output speed in accordance with the determined downhill slope value. Thereafter a maximum commanded gear ratio is established, for a transmission having a variable gear ratio, based upon the maximum commanded transmission output speed and a current engine speed. A controller compares the maximum commanded variable gear ratio to an operator requested gear ratio, and a target gear ratio is established for the variable gear ratio of the transmission based upon a minimum of the compared commanded variable gear ratio and the operator requested gear ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventor: Christopher Elliott
  • Patent number: 8948986
    Abstract: A system includes an accumulator control module that selectively releases automatic transmission fluid from an accumulator. The accumulator control module also receives a plurality of measured characteristics of the accumulator. A temperature estimation module estimates a temperature of the automatic transmission fluid within the accumulator based on at least one of the measured characteristics of the accumulator. An engine start-stop module selectively disables automatic start-stop events of an internal combustion engine based on the estimated temperature of the automatic transmission fluid within the accumulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Inventors: Paul G. Otanez, Zhen J. Zhang
  • Patent number: 8935062
    Abstract: A vehicle transmission device includes an input member coupled to a combustion engine and a rotary electric machine; an output member coupled to wheels; a speed change mechanism with a plurality of friction engagement elements and that provides a plurality of shift speeds; and a control device that controls the speed change mechanism. When a during-regeneration downshift is performed while the rotary electric machine is outputting regenerative torque, the control device sets a target increase capacity, which is a target value of a transfer torque capacity of an engagement-side element to be engaged after an increase, increases the transfer torque capacity of the engagement-side element to the target increase capacity over a predetermined torque capacity increase period, and decreases a transfer torque capacity of a disengagement-side element, which is to be disengaged, over a predetermined torque capacity decrease period that at least partially overlaps the torque capacity increase period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Aisin AW Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuaki Inagaki, Hiroya Ueno, Shigekazu Hase, Nobuhiro Iwai, Hiroshi Tsutsui
  • Patent number: 8935067
    Abstract: An electronic control unit senses an actual shift range of a automatic transmission by executing a range determination operation, which determines the actual shift range of the automatic transmission based on a rotational position of a manual shaft that is sensed with an encoder. The control unit prohibits the execution of the range determination operation throughout a range determination operation prohibiting period, which is a predetermined time period and starts from a time point of starting rotation of the rotor of the electric motor unit toward the target rotational position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Jun Yamada, Kiyoshi Kimura
  • Patent number: 8924104
    Abstract: Disclosed is a shift control apparatus for a continuously variable transmission configured to transmit power from a drive power source of a vehicle to a drive wheel of the vehicle. The shift control apparatus is configured to change a gear ratio of the continuously variable transmission with changes in vehicle speed and, during sudden braking of the vehicle, change a rate of change of the gear ratio (a shift speed) of the continuously variable transmission in a downshift direction depending upon a wheel slip ratio calculated from a wheel speed and the vehicle speed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Akio Natori
  • Patent number: 8924111
    Abstract: The invention concerns an electronic controller for a continuously variable transmission of the type having a variator (10) with a rotary variator input (17) coupled to a first variator race (14a) and a rotary variator output (29) coupled to a second variator race (16a). At least one roller (20) runs upon the said races to transfer drive from one to the other. The roller is movable to steplessly vary the variator ratio. The variator further comprises at least one hydraulic actuator (36), (38) which acts upon the roller and through which net torque acting on the variator races is referred via the roller to the variator's casing. A hydraulic arrangement is provided for applying to the actuator at least one hydraulic control pressure which determines force applied’ by the actuator and thus determines the reaction torque. The variator is coupled between a rotary transmission input (17) and a rotary transmission output (714) such that the transmission ratio is a function of the variator ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Torotrak (Development) Limited
    Inventor: John William Edward Fuller
  • Patent number: 8918257
    Abstract: In a linear solenoid 107n, an electromagnetic coil 71n, a pressure sensor 72n, and label resistors 73n and 74n for correcting an inherent variation in a pressure detection characteristic are integrated; the standard characteristic of the pressure sensor 72n is stored in a control module 120M; when driving is started, the resistance values of the label resistors 73n and 74n are read, the pressure detection characteristic of the utilized pressure sensor 72n is corrected, and an excitation current for the electromagnetic coil 71n is controlled in such a way that a target adjusted hydraulic pressure is obtained. Even when due to a change in the oil temperature, the valve opening characteristic of the linear solenoid 107n changes, the adjusted hydraulic pressure is controlled to be constant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Shozo Kanzaki, Fumiaki Arimai, Hiroyoshi Nishizaki
  • Publication number: 20140372002
    Abstract: A method of determining a current operating range of a transfer case includes continuously calculating current Combined Drive Ratio (CDR), and categorizing the current CDR into one of a pre-determined number of expected CDRs. Counters are used to track when the current CDR is identified as an expected CDR. The different counters are then analyzed using simple mathematical operations to identify which gear ratio the transfer case is currently operating in.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 17, 2013
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Peter John Giles, Michael A. Turley
  • Patent number: 8914206
    Abstract: A control device of a continuously variable transmission for a vehicle having a pair of variable pulleys with variable effective diameters of an input-side variable pulley and an output-side variable pulley and a transmission belt wound around between the pair of the variable pulleys, the continuously variable transmission respectively controlling an input-side thrust force in the input-side variable pulley and an output-side thrust force in the output-side variable pulley to set an actual gear ratio to a target gear ratio while preventing a slip of the transmission belt, the continuously variable transmission includes: a hydraulic control circuit capable of accurately controlling one of the input-side variable pulley and the output-side variable pulley in terms of thrust force as compared to the other, in the case that a target thrust force on the one side for assuring belt slip prevention of the both pulleys on the one side is set, based on a target thrust force on the one side, a target thrust force on the
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kunio Hattori, Shinya Toyoda, Atsushi Ayabe
  • Patent number: 8880309
    Abstract: The present invention provides a smoother driving experience through the use of an advanced powertrain system for a vehicle. The powertrain system includes a transmission having a gear selection controller adapted to select one of a plurality of gear ratios, an electronic control unit, at least one information acquisition unit wherein the electronic control unit uses information from the information acquisition unit to determine if the vehicle is stationary and if the vehicle is on an expressway. If the electronic control unit determines the vehicle is stationary and the vehicle is on an expressway, then the electronic control unit sends a signal to the gear selection controller of the transmission to select a lower gear ratio that would normally be used to transition the vehicle from a stationary to a moving state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.
    Inventor: Tai J. Ly
  • Patent number: 8880304
    Abstract: A method for determining numbers of gear steps N for a gearbox in a motor vehicle. The vehicle has an engine connected to drive the gearbox. The numbers of gear steps N is the number of downshifts or the number of upshifts which the gearbox effects at an upshift point or a downshift point. A downshift point represents a first engine speed at which the gearbox effects a downshift. An upshift point represents a second engine speed at which the gearbox effects an upshift. The numbers of gear steps N are determined on the basis of a predicted acceleration a for the motor vehicle during a time period T. The invention relates also to a system, a motor vehicle, a computer program and a computer program product thereof for performing the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Scania CV AB
    Inventors: Fredrik Swartling, Anders Kjell, Tom Nyström
  • Patent number: 8874336
    Abstract: Featured is are methods and systems for bedding-in an automatic transmission of a vehicle prior to delivery of the vehicle to an end customer. Such a bedding-in method is performed so as to reduce the occurrence of shifting problems or concerns occurring during the initial stages of ownership of the vehicle. More particularly, such a bedding-in method includes providing an automatic transmission having a controller that is configured to measure and learn about powertrain variation(s) and configured to adapt one or more operational parameters associated with shifting of the automatic transmission. Such a method also includes operating the vehicle according to a predetermined protocol before the vehicle reaches an end customer. Such a protocol being established so the transmission controller can learn about powertrain variations and adapt operation of the transmission to minimize effects on shifting of the transmission.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignees: Hyundai America Technical Center, Inc., Kia Motors Corporation, Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Raymond J. Tessier, Jr., Anthony Golletti, Thomas Kieffer
  • Patent number: 8874332
    Abstract: A system and method involves a machine having a power train including a continuously variable transmission (CVT) associated with a plurality of virtual gear ratios. To shift between the plurality of virtual gear ratios, the machine may include an operator input device that may be movable between a plurality of distinct positions. A first position may be associated with a neutral position in which no shifting of virtual gear ratios occurs. A second position of the operator input device may be associated with a first incremental rate for shifting between the virtual gear ratios. A third position may be associated with a second incremental rate for shifting between the virtual gear ratios which is different than the first incremental rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin Davis, Adam Nackers, Michael D. Beyer, Shane C. McBride
  • Patent number: 8868274
    Abstract: Providing a control apparatus for a vehicular drive system, which is configured to implement a torque reduction control during a shifting action of an automatic transmission, and which permits reduction of the size and cost of an electric circuit including a smoothing capacitor. An electricity-generation-amount-variation restricting region A01 is predetermined such that a point of a vehicle running state lies in the electricity-generation-amount-variation restricting region A01 prior to a moment of determination to perform a shifting action of the automatic transmission, and electricity-generation-amount-variation restricting means 96 implements an electricity-generation-amount-variation restricting control to restrict a rate of increase of a total amount of an electric energy generated by first and second electric motors MG1 and MG2, to a predetermined upper limit value LTGN, when the point of the vehicle running state has moved into the electricity-generation-amount-variation restricting region A01.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kazuyuki Shiiba, Takeshi Kanayama, Talyo Uejima, Daiki Sato
  • Patent number: 8862351
    Abstract: A method of controlling a transmission (100) for a machine is disclosed. The transmission includes a variator (104). The transmission is operated in a first operating range (301). It is determined whether a current speed ratio is within a first predetermined range of a speed ratio associated with a first synchronous point (304) lying between the first operating range (301) and the second operating range (302). A desired speed ratio is determined and it is determined if the desired speed ratio is within a second predetermined range of the speed ratio. A shift between the first and second operating ranges (301, 302) is prevented and the variator (104) is controlled to hold the current speed ratio if the desired speed ratio is within the second predetermined range or the rate of acceleration of the machine is below the threshold acceleration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Beyer, Adam Vaccari, Christopher Rhoades, Adam Nackers, Brian Lister, Mike Barngrover
  • Patent number: 8862350
    Abstract: A powertrain system includes a multi-mode transmission configured to transfer torque among an engine, torque machines, and a driveline. A method for controlling the powertrain includes executing a dual closed-loop control scheme that includes determining an engine-based output torque range employed in a first feedback loop and simultaneously determining a control acceleration-based output torque range employed in a second feedback loop. Engine commands are controlled responsive to the engine-based output torque range and simultaneously a control acceleration is controlled responsive to the control acceleration-based output torque range to achieve an output torque of the powertrain system responsive to an output torque request.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Anthony H. Heap, Lawrence A. Kaminsky, Sean W. McGrogan, Krunal P. Patel
  • Publication number: 20140257656
    Abstract: A retarding unit in a vehicle is automatically controlled based on conditions including a current setting of the retarding control, downhill grade, speed, current gear, and impending gear change. With the retarder control set in the high position, when the vehicle is operating at a downhill angle greater than the low angle threshold and less than the high angle threshold, and the pending gear is a large step downshift, automatically setting a retarder level to a low retarder level. When the vehicle is operating on level ground and the pending gear is a large step downshift or the current gear is first or second gear, automatically setting the retarder level to off. When the vehicle is operating on flat ground and the deceleration is above a trigger level, automatically setting the retarder level to a low retarder level.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: CATERPILLAR INC.
    Inventors: Timothy D. Schwartz, James Landes
  • Patent number: 8831846
    Abstract: Disclosed is an electronic controller which calculates the variable amounts of the thrust in a primary pulley based on the thrusts of the pulleys, the lower limit thrust and the upper limit thrust in the steps of a target change gear ratio limit routine. The electronic controller calculates the limit transmission speeds based on the variable amounts in the steps, and calculates the guard values for limiting the target change gear ratio based on the limit transmission speeds in the steps. An electronic controller limits the target change gear ratio by the guard values thus calculated, and controls the thrusts of the pulleys by feedback control based on the size of discrepancy of the limited target change gear ratio and the current change gear ratio ?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kunio Hattori, Shinya Toyoda, Taira Iraha
  • Patent number: 8798877
    Abstract: A control device of a continuously variable transmission for a vehicle has a pair of variable pulleys and a transmission belt, and the control device respectively controls input-side and output-side thrust forces of input-side and output-side variable pulleys to set an actual gear ratio to a target gear ratio, prevents a slip of the transmission belt, and determines a lowest-speed-side gear ratio. When it is determined that a detection value of a rotation speed for calculating the actual gear ratio does not reflect an actual rotation speed, target input-side and output-side thrust forces are set to be target thrust forces for maintaining the lowest-speed-side gear ratio and preventing the slip of the transmission belt, and based on whether the actual gear ratio is already the lowest-speed-side gear ratio, values of the input-side and output-side thrust forces are changed for obtaining the target thrust forces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Atsushi Ayabe, Shinya Toyoda, Kunio Hattori
  • Patent number: 8798882
    Abstract: A method of controlling a hydraulic CVT of a vehicle comprises: determining a speed of rotation of a driving shaft; determining a speed of rotation of a driven shaft; determining a ratio of the speed of rotation of the driving shaft versus the speed of rotation of the driven shaft; determining an engine torque; determining a base clamping force to be applied by the driving pulley onto the belt based on the ratio and the engine torque; determining a desired speed of rotation of the driving shaft; determining a corrective clamping force by comparing the speed of rotation of the driving shaft to the desired speed of rotation of the driving shaft; and controlling a hydraulic pressure applied to a movable sheave to apply a sum of the base and corrective clamping forces onto the belt. A vehicle having a CVT controlled by the method is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Consortium de Recherche BRP—Universite de Sherbrooke S.E.N.C.
    Inventors: David Monfette, Jean-Philippe Desbiens, Roger Rioux
  • Patent number: 8798881
    Abstract: A method of operating a transmission device comprising friction-locking and form-locking shift elements for obtaining different gear ratios. A shift request for engaging a shift element undergoes a time delay dependent upon an operating state prior to a time of engagement of the shift element. A rotational speed differential between halves of the shift element lies within a rotational speed differential window required for the engagement procedure is assigned to the time of engagement. A gradient of the transmission input speed is ascertained at the time of the shift request, and the actual gradient is subsequently monitored and compared with the gradient that existed at the time of the shift request. If an absolute deviation greater than a threshold value is ascertained, the time delay is changed or an actuation of another shift element to be disengaged is varied such that the deviation is reduced below the threshold value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: ZF Friedrichshafen AG
    Inventors: Jorg Arnold, Valentine Herbeth, Georg Mihatsch
  • Patent number: 8788162
    Abstract: A system and method for shifting a hybrid vehicle is provided which utilizes one or more controllers to release one or more clutches and brakes when a transmission is shifted into neutral or park and then prevents a rotational element from being rotated by controlling an engine and a motor/generator when the transmission is in neutral or park. Accordingly, shift shock or slip is minimized when a transmission is shifted from a park or a neutral to a drive or a reverse, thus improving a shifting feeling and safety of the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motor Corporation
    Inventor: Joonyoung Park
  • Patent number: 8788161
    Abstract: There is provided a method for setting an operating pressure of a transmission, the transmission having at least one of clutches, brakes, actuators, a hydrodynamic clutch, and a hydrodynamic converter, to which a medium conducting the operating pressure can selectively be applied, in order to vary a transmission ratio of at least one of a speed and a torque between a transmission input shaft and a transmission output shaft by opening and closing at least one of the clutches and the brakes, by actuating the actuators, and/or by a hydrodynamic power transmission using at least one of the hydrodynamic clutch and the hydrodynamic converter, wherein the operating pressure being switchable between a constant nominal value and a constant decreased value that is smaller in relation thereto, or the operating pressure being reducible in three or more steps or continuously from a nominal value to a decreased value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Voith Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Bernhard Hofig, Michael Gerlich, Michael Reik, Christoph Wurster
  • Patent number: 8781674
    Abstract: A control apparatus for a vehicular power transmitting apparatus includes a first valve that controls the supply of hydraulic fluid to a running clutch in connection with the switching of the operating state of a first solenoid valve; a second valve that controls the supply of hydraulic fluid to a lockup clutch in connection with the switching of the operating state of a second solenoid valve; and a linear solenoid valve that selectively controls the apply force of the running clutch and the lockup clutch according to the supply of control pressure to the first valve and the second valve. The control apparatus detects a failure state of a part related to the operation of the power transmitting apparatus by the operating state of the running clutch and the operating state of the lockup clutch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Taira Iraha, Kunio Hattori
  • Patent number: 8738246
    Abstract: In an apparatus for controlling a CVT that transmits power of an engine to driven wheels with hydraulic clamping pressure supplied from a hydraulic mechanism to clamp the belt from laterally-sided pulleys, it is determined whether the ABS operation of the ABS mechanism (to reduce braking force to be applied to the driven wheels when the driven wheels are locked) is delayed, and set hydraulic clamping pressure is increased when the ABS operation is determined to be delayed, while the set clamping pressure is maintained as it is when the operation of the ABS mechanism is determined to be not delayed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuichiro Takemori, Yuzo Okubo, Masatoshi Noguchi
  • Patent number: 8738255
    Abstract: Disclosed here are inventive systems and methods for a powertrain of an electric vehicle (EV). In some embodiments, said powertrain includes a continuously variable transmission (CVT) coupled to an electric drive motor, wherein a control system is configured to control the CVT and/or the drive motor to optimize various efficiencies associated with the EV and/or its subsystems. In one specific embodiment, the control system is configured to operate the EV in an economy mode. Operating in said mode, the control system simultaneously manages the CVT and the drive motor to optimize the range of the EV. The control system can be configured to manage the current provided to the drive motor, as well as adjust a transmission speed ratio of the CVT. Other modes of operation are also disclosed. The control system can be configured to manage the power to the drive motor and adjust the transmission speed ratio of the CVT taking into account battery voltage, throttle position, and transmission speed ratio, for example.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Fallbrook Intellectual Property Company LLC
    Inventors: Jeremy Carter, Brad P Pohl, Loren T McDaniel, Cyril Keilers, Tim Ruggles, David Rogers, Eric Diehl, Austin Orand, Alan Mark Delz, Paul Argus Parks, Mark E Bartholomew, Christopher M Vasiliotis
  • Publication number: 20140074366
    Abstract: A system and method of controlling a continuously variable transmission with variator speed ratio (VSR) closed-loop feedback is provided. The method includes determining a desired VSR based on at least one of the driver and vehicle inputs, determining a motor position adjustment needed to adjust the position of a roller to achieve the desired VSR, driving the motor based on the determined motor position adjustment needed, sensing a transmission output speed as the motor is being driven, determining an actual VSR as the motor is being driven, and providing closed-loop feedback corresponding to any difference between the actual VSR and the desired VSR and driving the motor to eliminate the difference, thereby achieving the desired VSR with improved quick response time and more accurate control.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: John X. Cui, Richard A. Weaver
  • Patent number: 8649952
    Abstract: A method for controlling a backing vehicle includes if a back-up sensor indicates that an obstacle is present behind the vehicle and a gear selector is moved to a reverse position, delaying reverse gear engagement and producing a warning signal, and producing a transmission tie-up if brakes are applied insufficiently to stop the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Felix Nedorezov, Hong Jiang, Steven G. Thomas
  • Patent number: 8645035
    Abstract: A method of controlling a hydraulic CVT of a vehicle includes: determining a speed of rotation of a driving shaft; determining a speed of rotation of a driven shaft; determining a ratio of the speed of rotation of the driving shaft versus the speed of rotation of the driven shaft; determining an engine torque; determining a base clamping force to be applied by the driving pulley onto the belt based on the ratio and the engine torque; determining a desired speed of rotation of the driving shaft; determining a corrective clamping force by comparing the speed of rotation of the driving shaft to the desired speed of rotation of the driving shaft; and controlling a hydraulic pressure applied to a movable sheave to apply a sum of the base and corrective clamping forces onto the belt. A vehicle having a CVT controlled by the method is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Consortium de Recherche BRP— Universite de Sherbrooke S.E.N.C.
    Inventors: Roger Rioux, David Monfette, Jean-Philippe Desbiens
  • Patent number: 8636620
    Abstract: An automatic transmission has a transmission control section performing a control so that a transmission ratio defined as input rpm/output rpm of the automatic transmission becomes a target transmission ratio, a slip control section slip-controlling a frictional engagement element in the automatic transmission so that the input rpm becomes a value obtained by multiplying the output rpm by the target transmission ratio also adding a predetermined slip revolution speed; and an abnormality judgment section judging abnormality in the automatic transmission. When the slip-control is not in progress, if an actual transmission ratio is out of a predetermined range of the target transmission ratio, the abnormality judgment section judges that abnormality occurs. When the slip-control is in progress, if a value obtained by correcting the actual transmission ratio on the basis of the slip revolution speed is out of the predetermined range, the abnormality judgment section judges that abnormality occurs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: JATCO Ltd
    Inventors: Fumitaka Nagashima, Hajime Tasaka, Takateru Kawaguchi, Takeo Aizawa, Kakuzou Kaneko
  • Patent number: 8635001
    Abstract: A vehicle control method for a vehicle having an internal combustion engine coupled to a torque converter is described. In one embodiment, the engine air flow and spark are adjusted to control torque converter operation. The method can improve vehicle response to driver accelerator commands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Jeff Doering, Brad Riedle, Rob Ciarrocchi, Scott Redmon, Hank Kwong, William Eckenrode, Frederick Page
  • Patent number: 8620544
    Abstract: A transmission includes a plurality of clutches that are selectively engageable alone or in combination with each other to establish a plurality of forward drive modes, wherein one of the clutches is configured as a neutral idle (NI) clutch that is selectively actuated to shift the transmission into an NI state, and a controller. The controller is adapted to shift the transmission from a forward drive mode into the NI state during a coast-down maneuver prior to the transmission reaching a zero output speed. A method of shifting the transmission into the NI state includes determining the presence of a predetermined one of the forward drive modes using the controller, and using the controller to actuate a designated one of the clutches as an NI clutch to enter the NI state during the forward drive mode, during a coast-down maneuver, and prior to the transmission reaching a zero output speed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Ronald F. Lochocki, Jr., Sindu Sebastian, David W. Wright
  • Patent number: 8600634
    Abstract: A method is provided for controlling a normal force in a frictional contact of a continuously variable transmission including an input pulley and an output pulley where between an endless transmission element is arranged that is held between and in frictional contact with two pulley discs of each respective pulley under the influence of a respective normal force, wherein, as part the control method, the normal force at one pulley is actively oscillated, wherein a resulting oscillation of one of, or a ratio or difference between both of, a rotational speed of the input pulley and a rotational speed of the output pulley is determined and wherein at least one normal force is controlled in dependency on a correlation between the active oscillation and the resulting oscillation. The method includes a calibration step wherein a phase difference between the active oscillation and the resulting oscillation is determined.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Francis Maria Antonius Van Der Sluid, Erik Van Der Noll, Antonius Adrianus Helena Maria Van Dongen, Robert Godefridus Matheus Verscheijden
  • Patent number: 8600636
    Abstract: A method for determining clutch temperature. The method provides an accurate real-time clutch temperature that can be used to improve shift quality and protect against failure due to clutch overheating. A counter is incremented every time the clutch exceeds a threshold temperature to track cumulative high temperature conditions. Determining the clutch temperatures includes taking account of heat generation, clutch cooling by transmission oil flow from a groove when the clutch is engaged, clutch cooling by open transmission oil flow when the clutch is disengaged, oil vaporization, and heat conduction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Chrysler Group LLC
    Inventors: Gang Chen, Yimeng Jin
  • Publication number: 20130289841
    Abstract: A continuously variable transmission (4) shifts between a pair of pulleys (11, 12) via an endless torque transmission member (13) mounted on the pair of pulleys (11, 12). A controller (22) executes a feedback-control so that a real speed ratio between the pair of pulleys (11, 12) follows a target speed ratio (S6, S46). The controller (22) determines whether or not a elongation-affected shift condition, under which it is impossible for the real speed ratio to reach the target speed ratio depending on whether or not the endless torque transmission member (13) is elongated, holds (S2, S3, S12, S13), and limits a speed ratio feedback control when the elongation-affected shift condition holds (S4, S24, S34).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2011
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventors: Keita Okudaira, Masato Koga
  • Patent number: 8571774
    Abstract: One disclosed embodiment relates to a propulsion system for a machine. The propulsion system may include a prime mover operatively connected through a continuously variable transmission to a propulsion device. The propulsion system may also include propulsion-system controls that control an operating parameter of the continuously variable transmission, which may include adjusting the operating parameter based on operator input. Controlling the operating parameter may also include determining an adjustment limit for the operating parameter based on one or more operating conditions and applying the adjustment limit to the operating parameter to modify at least one of acceleration and jerk of the machine based on the one or more operating conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Kristofor Lee Dahl, Brian Douglas Hoff, Richard George Ingram, Michael Anthony Spielman, Jr., Benjamin B. Schmuck, Alberto Martinez, Jr., Yaang Zhao