From Animal Matter Patents (Class 71/15)
  • Patent number: 9790110
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are processes for treating high-P fluid involving (1) providing a high-P containing stream; (2) chemically treating the high-P stream such that a majority of dissolved P in the stream is transformed into a solid form via sorption of P onto particles placed or precipitated within the stream; and (3) removing the solid form containing P from the chemically treated fine solids stream, such that >about 90% of the total P is removed from the high-P fluid. Also disclosed are systems for treating a high-P stream, the systems involving (1) a chemical treatment station operable to chemically treat and transform equal to or greater than about 90% of dissolved P in a high-P stream into a solid form; and (2) a liquid-solid separator station operable to remove the solid form containing P from the chemically treated high-P stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Assignees: The United States of America, as Represented by the Sectary of Agriculture, The Penn State Research Foundation
    Inventors: Clinton Church, Ray B. Bryant, Peter J. Kleinman, Alex Hristov
  • Patent number: 9617190
    Abstract: A fertilizer and method of making a fertilizer that include bioactivated nutrients derived from immobile/less mobile elements. The immobile/less elements are made available to plants by the action of element mobilizing microorganisms, which are isolated, cultured, and combined with organic material and sources of the immobile element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: NIHA CORP.
    Inventors: Nadeem Tariq, Muhammed Arshad, Hamad Raza Jamshed, Nasim Ahmed
  • Publication number: 20150101376
    Abstract: The invention relates to fertilizer compositions comprising a carbon source and a source of nitrogen. Carbon is in form that can be readily up-taken by soil bacteria. The invention also relates to a method for manufacturing the fertilizer, a method for fertilizing soil and uses of said fertilizer. Use of the fertilizer promotes uptake of endogenous soil nutrient resources by plant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Keijo Lehtonen, Juha Tilkanen
  • Patent number: 8992654
    Abstract: The invention is directed to manufacture of fertilizer having commercial levels of nitrogen supplemented with organic substances. The process treats organic matter with acid causing hydrolysis of organic polymers after which the mix is injected with nitrogen. The resultant sterilized and liquefied organic matter is disbursed over recycled material for the production of granules. Because the process allows for the controlled addition of acids and ammonia, desired levels of components can be achieved. The process is scalable, odor controlled and safe thereby allowing for the location of biosolid processing facilities in most any location. Further, the fertilizer of the invention provides a dual nitrogen-release profile when applied to crops. After application to soil, fertilizer of the invention releases an immediate bolus of nitrogen, similar to traditional ammonium sulfate, followed by continued slow release of nitrogen typically over a season.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: VitAg Corporation
    Inventors: Gary L. Dahms, James P. Carr, Jeffrey C. Burnham, Barry R. Jarrett
  • Publication number: 20150000359
    Abstract: A composition provides increased. lithium and selenium content in vegetables and in their bio-technologically and/or technologically processed products. This composition comprises an aqueous solution of lithium compounds and selenium salts having a lithium content ranging from 0.0001 to 15.Og/l and selenium ranging from 0.0001 to 12.Og/l and at least an adjuvant selected among at least alkaline soap, chitosan hydrolysate, chitosan hydrolysate added with lecithin, and tannic acid and/or mixtures thereof where at least an adjuvant is assigned to increase the lithium and selenium ions absorption.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2012
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventor: Pier Giorgio Pifferi
  • Publication number: 20140352378
    Abstract: The invention provides for methods, devices, and systems for pyrolyzing biomass. A pyrolysis unit can be used for the pyrolysis of biomass to form gas, liquid, and solid products. The biomass materials can be selected such that an enhanced biochar is formed after pyrolysis. The biomass can be pyrolyzed under specified conditions such that a selected biochar core is formed. The pyrolysis process can form a stable biochar core that is inert and/or resistant to degradation. The biochar or biochar core can be functionalized to form a functionalized biochar or functionalized biochar core. Functionalization can include post-pyrolysis treatments such as supplementation with microbes or physical transformations including annealing and/or activation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: David Shearer, John Gaunt, George Vernon Cordner Peacocke
  • Patent number: 8864868
    Abstract: This invention is directed to systems, devices and methods for treating organic-containing sludges and converting such sludges to high value fertilizers containing both inorganic and organic fertilizer components, which creates an inorganically-augmented bioorganic fertilizer. The invention describes methods to create a thixotropic or paste-like material via the application of mixing energy to the organic sludge followed by an alkaline treatment and a subsequent ammoniation. The invention further describes a method to increase the plant nutrient content in the organic containing product to a level which permits the finished granular fertilizer product to compete in the commercial agricultural fertilizer marketplace. Further, the invention reduces odors associated with said organic-containing sludges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: VitAg Corporation
    Inventor: Jeffrey C. Burnham
  • Patent number: 8822379
    Abstract: A seed composition comprising a seed and a first component comprising an agriculturally acceptable complex mixture of dissolved organic material characterized by natural organic matter that is partially humified and methods of seed treating. A method comprising contacting a seed with a first component comprising an agriculturally acceptable complex mixture of dissolved organic material characterized by natural organic matter that is partially humified, where the first component enhances at least one of germination, emergence, root development, seedling vigor, seedling growth, mortality resistance, chlorophyll production, cold resistance, water log resistance, and nutrient uptake compared to similar seed not contacted with the first component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: FBSciences Holdings, Inc.
    Inventor: Brian B. Goodwin
  • Patent number: 8808419
    Abstract: A method of integration of concentration-dehydration and aerobic air-drying of sewage sludge comprises the following steps: (a) conditioning by an organic agent (3); (b) gravitationally concentrating (5) the residual sludge conditioned by the organic agent; (c) conditioning by inorganic agents (7); (d) mechanically dehydrating (8); (e) crushing and dispersing (10); and (t) aerobically air-drying (11).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Guangzhou New Extend Rising Environmental Protection Technologies Machinery Equipment Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Huansheng Zhong, Xuewei Wu, Jiacong Wu, Zhimin Sun, Haiying Yang
  • Publication number: 20140208814
    Abstract: A method of producing an organic based fertilizer and usable water from animal waste includes the step of separating the animal waste into liquid waste and solid waste. The liquid waste is clarified to produce a supernatant and a sludge which is pressed into a filter cake. Ammonia is extracted from the supernatant to produce ammonium sulfate and an aqueous solution. The aqueous solution is filtered to produce a concentrate and water filtrate. The water filtrate may be used as drinking and washing water. The filter cake, ammonium sulfate, and concentrate may be used to supplement to the solid waste which is pelletized into the organic based fertilizer. In alternative embodiments a portion of the supernatant and aqueous solution may be used as a liquid fertilizer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2014
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: ATD Waste Systems Inc.
    Inventor: Victor Van Slyke
  • Patent number: 8764873
    Abstract: Animal waste is processed to form a biomaterial that is employed as a coating layer for typical fertilizer particles. The biomaterial coating layer can be used neat or with additives and serves to do one or more or any combination of the following: (a) impart a slow or controlled release property to the fertilizer, (b) prevent or reduce the tendency of the fertilizer particles to cake together, or (c) prevent or reduce the tendency of the fertilizer particles to create dust. The biomaterial coating layer can also release nutrients when used as part of a fertilizer composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Inventor: James E. Nevin
  • Patent number: 8734559
    Abstract: An environment is moderated in an area where animal wastes are collected in a fluid containing compartment. Animal wastes are collected in a fluid containing compartment. The animal wastes are of the type that generate or provide in or above the fluid containing compartment at least one waste selected from the group consisting of carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, mercaptans and organic acids. A combination is provided of i) a polymer capable of absorbing at least ten times its weight in water (preferably a superpolymer) and ii) a combination of salts that react to liberate I2. At least one waste is flocculated with liberated I2 (and any cations from the reactive salts) to form a flocculent that has reduced odor and reduced microbial content. The flocculent may be used as a fertilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Biolargo Life Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Kenneth R. Code
  • Publication number: 20140123717
    Abstract: The present invention relates to novel mixtures based on sulfur-crosslinked triglyceride, a process for their preparation, and their use as fertilizers, in particular for promoting the growth of plants which require sulfur.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Applicant: RHEIN CHEMIE RHEINAU GMBH
    Inventor: Helmut Muller
  • Patent number: 8685131
    Abstract: A method of producing an organic based fertilizer and usable water from animal waste includes the step of separating the animal waste into liquid waste and solid waste. The liquid waste is clarified to produce a supernatant and a sludge which is pressed into a filter cake. Ammonia is extracted from the supernatant to produce ammonium sulfate and an aqueous solution. The aqueous solution is filtered to produce a concentrate and water filtrate. The water filtrate may be used as drinking and washing water. The filter cake, ammonium sulfate, and concentrate may be used to supplement to the solid waste which is pelletized into the organic based fertilizer. In alternative embodiments a portion of the supernatant and aqueous solution may be used as a liquid fertilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: ATD Waste Systems Inc.
    Inventor: Victor van Slyke
  • Patent number: 8673046
    Abstract: A process for removing phosphorus from solid poultry or animal wastes involving (a) mixing solid poultry or animal wastes with water and acid at a pH lower that about 5.0 and higher than about 3.0 to form (i) a liquid extract that contains suspended solids of about 3.5 g/L and soluble phosphorus and (ii) a washed solid residue (having a N:P ratio of at least more than 4 expressed on an elemental basis), (b) separating the liquid extract from the washed solid residue to form separated liquid extract and separated washed solid residue, (c) mixing the separated liquid extract with an alkaline earth base to a pH of about 8.0 to about 11.0, (d) mixing the liquid extract with a flocculant to form (i) precipitated phosphorus solids with P2O5 content greater than about 10% and (ii) a liquid, and (e) separating the precipitated phosphorus solids from the liquid to form separated phosphorus solids and separated liquid. The process is conducted at a temperature greater than about 5° C. and less than about 50° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Ariel A. Szogi, Matias B. Vanotti, Patrick G. Hunt
  • Publication number: 20140041430
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a pelletized fertilizer includes the following steps. A water-soluble manure and a colloidal solution are mixed, to form an aqueous solution of a fertilizer, wherein the water-soluble manure is selected from the group consisting of monopotassium phosphate, epsomite, manganous sulfite, boric acid, borax, copper sulfate pentahydrate, white vitriol, ammonium molybdate, urea, ferric ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and potassium nitrate, the colloidal solution is selected from the group consisting of agar, xanthan gum, shellac, guar gum, natto gum, pectin, synthetic hydrogel and PLGA, and the weight percentage of the colloidal solution in the aqueous solution of the fertilizer is between 1.5 and 15%. The aqueous solution of the fertilizer is added into a water within a temperature range between 0 and 4° C., whereby the aqueous solution of the fertilizer is solidified to the pelletized fertilizer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 4, 2013
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: CHUNGHWA PICTURES TUBES, LTD
    Inventors: Chou-Chiang KUO, Min-Lun WU, Che-Wei CHANG
  • Patent number: 8623110
    Abstract: Compositions comprising a protein and an isolated or purified amino acid product, and uses thereof are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Archer Daniels Midland Company
    Inventors: Basil Bevans, David Holzgraefe, Dan S. Hickman, Kimberly C. Hickman
  • Patent number: 8617282
    Abstract: A method of preparing a fertilizer by feather processing inserts a weighed feather into a reaction container, and then adds caustic potash. Water is then added, and feather disintegration occurs. Phosphoric acid is poured into the mixture, and then the pH is measured—and if necessary improved with phosphoric acid or caustic potash. Epsom salt, vitriol of iron, boric acid, manganic sulphate, zinc sulphate, cuprous sulphate, ammonium molybdate and calcium nitrate are mixed in, and the mixture is partitioned into transportation containers depending on the weight of caustic potash included in the mixture using a drain pump through appropriate filter under constant stirring. The mixture is diluted with water, and the whole mass is perfectly mixed. Humic acids are then mixed into the diluted mixture to form a final keratin fertilizer with humic acid additive in colloid form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Inventors: {hacek over (S)}tefan Szoeke, Róbert Vysoký, Jaroslav Kocák
  • Patent number: 8597394
    Abstract: This invention is directed to systems, devices and methods for treating organic-containing sludges and converting such sludges to high value fertilizers containing both inorganic and organic fertilizer components, which creates an inorganically-augmented bioorganic fertilizer. The invention describes methods to create a thixotrophic or paste-like material via the application of mixing energy to the organic sludge followed by an alkaline treatment and a subsequent ammoniation. The invention further describes a method to increase the plant nutrient content in the organic containing product to a level which permits the finished granular fertilizer product to compete in the commercial agricultural fertilizer marketplace. Further, the invention reduces odors associated with said organic-containing sludges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: VitAg Corporation
    Inventor: Jeffrey C. Burnham
  • Patent number: 8562710
    Abstract: This invention relates to a storage stable fertilizer composition in the form of pellets or granules comprising an organic fertilizer in admixture with a water absorbent polymer. This invention also relates to a process for producing a storage stable fertilizer composition, the process comprising: i) mixing an organic fertilizer and a water absorbent polymer to form a mixture; ii) pelletizing or granulating the mixture; and iii) drying the pellets or granules for a time and under conditions sufficient to form a storage stable fertilizer composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Duluxgroup (Australia) Pty Ltd.
    Inventors: Scott Andrew Palmer, Nicole Joanne Scott, James Matthew White
  • Publication number: 20130213101
    Abstract: The invention provides for methods, devices, and systems for pyrolyzing biomass. A pyrolysis unit can be used for the pyrolysis of biomass to form gas, liquid, and solid products. The biomass materials can be selected such that an enhanced biochar is formed after pyrolysis. The biomass can be pyrolyzed under specified conditions such that a selected biochar core is formed. The pyrolysis process can form a stable biochar core that is inert and/or resistant to degradation. The biochar or biochar core can be functionalized to form a functionalized biochar or functionalized biochar core. Functionalization can include post-pyrolysis treatments such as supplementation with microbes or physical transformations including annealing and/or activation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2013
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: Full Circle Solutions, Inc.
    Inventor: Full Circle Solutions, Inc.
  • Patent number: 8507254
    Abstract: A process for mixing seawater, feather additive, and one or more algae to prepare a nutrient-rich feedstock for cultivating, growing, and harvesting algae. The harvested algae are processed to produce biofuel, oil, nutrient supplements, and polymers used for cosmetics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Inventor: Khaled Ali Abuhasel
  • Patent number: 8500841
    Abstract: A method of preparing a fertilizer by feather processing inserts a weighed feather into a reaction container, and then adds caustic potash. Water is then added, and feather disintegration occurs. Phosphoric acid is poured into the mixture, and then the pH is measured—and if necessary improved with phosphoric acid or caustic potash. Epsom salt, vitriol of iron, boric acid, manganic sulphate, zinc sulphate, cuprous sulphate, ammonium molybdate and calcium nitrate are mixed in, and the mixture is partitioned into transportation containers depending on the weight of caustic potash included in the mixture using a drain pump through appropriate filter under constant stirring. The mixture is diluted with water, and the whole mass is perfectly mixed. Humic acids are then mixed into the diluted mixture to form a final keratin fertilizer with humic acid additive in colloid form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Inventors: {hacek over (S)}tefan Szöke, Róbert Vysoký, Jaroslav Kocák
  • Patent number: 8491692
    Abstract: A water-dispersible particle is provided that includes organic origin potash in an amount ranging from 5% to 99.9% by weight of the total dry weight of the particle. A binder component is present in an amount from 1% to 95% by weight. The organic origin potash and the binder component on that contact with water causes particle dispersion into more than 100 pieces. A process for making a water-dispersible particle includes mechanical aggregation of the potash into a pellet. A binder component is present in the particle in an amount ranging from 1% to 95% by weight. The potash and the binder component are present in a form such that contact with water causes particle dispersion into more than 100 pieces. The pellet is then dried and ready to be applied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: The Andersons, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles W. Anderson, Timothy D. Birthisel
  • Publication number: 20130061645
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods of enhancing plant growth, comprising treating seed at least one month prior to planting with an effective amount of a plant signal molecule, wherein upon harvesting the plant exhibits at least one of increased plant yield measured in terms of bushels/acre, increased root number, increased root length, increased root mass, increased root volume and increased leaf area, compared to plants harvested from untreated seed, or compared to plants harvested from seed treated with the signal molecule just prior to or within a week or less of planting.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2012
    Publication date: March 14, 2013
    Applicant: Novozymes Biologicals Holdings A/S
    Inventors: R. Stewart Smith, Ahsan Habib, John Kosanke
  • Patent number: 8298312
    Abstract: A composter device is provided including a mixer and a grinder commonly driven and commonly located in a composting chamber of the device. A large opening at the top of the composting chamber permits large objects to be inserted into the chamber to permit the object to be ground and left to decompose to produce compost material in the same chamber. The grinder includes grinding elements arranged to produce a shearing action while the mixer includes an auger to produce a churning action when the ground matter requires periodic mixing during the decomposition process to produce compost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Inventors: Brian A. Cruson, Pieter J. Cruson, Izaak P. J. Cruson, Ken Peakman, Trent Nichols, Michael P. Booy
  • Patent number: 8202342
    Abstract: This invention is directed to systems, devices and methods for treating organic-containing sludges and converting such sludges to high value fertilizers containing both inorganic and organic fertilizer components, which creates an inorganically-augmented bioorganic fertilizer. The invention describes methods to create a thixotrophic or paste-like material via the application of mixing energy to the organic sludge followed by an alkaline treatment and a subsequent ammoniation. The invention further describes a method to increase the plant nutrient content in the organic containing product to a level which permits the finished granular fertilizer product to compete in the commercial agricultural fertilizer marketplace. Further, the invention reduces odors associated with said organic-containing sludges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: Vitag Corporation
    Inventor: Jeffrey C. Burnham
  • Patent number: 8083829
    Abstract: An organic mixture for retaining water in soil includes 30 to 38 kg of cellulose fiber waste or paper sludge, 8 to 13 kg of dry sawdust or wood shavings, 30 to 50 kg of top soil, 4 to 6.5 kg of manure, and 11.45 to 20 kg of calcium carbonate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Inventors: Hector Luis Correa Delgado, Eduardo Esperon Gonzalez
  • Patent number: 8075939
    Abstract: A method of producing an animal feed that is free from transmittable degenerative encephalopathies is provided. Central to the method is alkali treatment of animal material at a pH of at least 8.5 under temperature conditions below 100 C at atmospheric pressure. This method provides a decontaminated animal feed produced under relatively low temperature and pressure conditions that are achievable in standard animal carcass rendering facilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: Austech Sterile Resource Recovery Pty Ltd.
    Inventor: Philip William Kemp
  • Patent number: 8075876
    Abstract: Methods of treating animal litter and/or bedding material for control of volatile ammonia and soluble phosphorous include applying granular partially hydrated ferric sulfate to the litter. The partially hydrated ferric sulfate ranges from gray to tan in color and is spread onto the litter at a rate effective to reduce ammonia volatilization and reduce soluble phosphorous. Relative to reagent grade ferric sulfate, the partially hydrated ferric sulfate exhibits lower hygroscopicity and higher deliquescence. The ferric sulfate is prepared by a process comprising oxidizing ferrous sulfate with sulfuric acid using a molecular oxygen oxidizing agent at an elevated pressure relative to atmospheric and at a temperature of 60° C. to 140° C. to produce a gray to tan colored granular product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: Kemira Water Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Jan J. Pavlicek, Victor Johnson
  • Patent number: 8062405
    Abstract: A value-added granulated organic fertilizer produced from poultry litter and biosolids using agglomeration techniques with a pin mixer. The granulated organic fertilizer includes granules biosolids, a nitrification inhibitor, such as dicyandiamide, and a binding agent, such as lignosulfonate, urea formaldehyde, or water. The nitrogen concentration of the granulated organic fertilizer is increased by being fortified with urea. The poultry litter and biosolids formulated into the granulated organic fertilizer aid in flowability, storage, and spreading, while value-added plant nutrient ingredients provide an environmentally safer fertilizer than fresh poultry litter, municipal biosolids and/or many commercially available products commonly used in urban and agricultural systems. The binding agents change the fertilizer granule water soluble phosphorus and nitrogen concentrations and reduce fines and dust.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: Board of Trustees of the University of Arkansas
    Inventors: Mark Stephen Reiter, Tommy C. Daniel
  • Patent number: 8007559
    Abstract: A water-dispersible particle for delivery of fertilizer to a plant is disclosed. After delivery wetting of the particles causes particle dispersion so as to prevent secondary pick up to the particles. Methods for making and using the water-dispersible particle are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Assignee: The Andersons, Inc.
    Inventors: James R. Lynch, Timothy D. Birthisel, Chris S. Taylor
  • Patent number: 7960172
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus are provided for aeration of organic material, wherein the organic material undergoes an aerobic composing process, such that air is caused to evenly penetrate the organic material. The organic material is first sealed in a vessel. Air is then delivered to the contents of the vessel such that an air pressure of from about 1 to about 1000 kPa above atmospheric pressure is maintained in the vessel. A pressure differential initially forms and is then allowed to equilibrate over a period of time, in which time air flows from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure in the organic material thus ensuring that aeration is evenly distributed throughout the organic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: AnaeCo Limited
    Inventor: Thomasz Rudas
  • Patent number: 7947105
    Abstract: This invention is directed to systems, devices and methods for treating organic-containing sludges and converting such sludges to high value fertilizers containing both inorganic and organic fertilizer components, which creates an inorganically-augmented bioorganic fertilizer. The invention describes methods to create a thixotrophic or paste-like material via the application of mixing energy to the organic sludge followed by an alkaline treatment and a subsequent ammoniation. The invention further describes a method to increase the plant nutrient content in the organic containing product to a level which permits the finished granular fertilizer product to compete in the commercial agricultural fertilizer marketplace. Further, the invention reduces odors associated with said organic-containing sludges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2011
    Assignee: Vitag Corp.
    Inventor: Jeffrey C. Burnham
  • Patent number: 7927491
    Abstract: Methods and systems for processing organic waste material are provided. These methods and systems include integrating an anaerobic bio-digester and nutrient recovery module with a bio-production facility, which can locally provide feedstock for the bio-production facility, and can locally provide organic material for the anaerobic bio-digester. Methods and systems for integrating an anaerobic bio-digester with a gas cleaner are also provided, which can recover nutrients while cleaning the biogas produced by the anaerobic bio-digester.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2011
    Assignee: Highmark Renewables Research Limited Partnership
    Inventors: Mike Kotelko, Tevor Jason Nickel, Bern Kotelko, Brett Kotelko, Xiaomei Li
  • Patent number: 7892310
    Abstract: A method of treating bio waste including the steps of (1) fermenting substantially raw biowaste in a pathogen reduction stage under anaerobic conditions for a predetermined period at a temperature in the mesophillic temperature range and (2) subsequently separating the solid and liquid phases to produce a fermented cake and fermented liquor. The fermented cake has at least 15% solids on dry basis and contains over 500 mg/L ammonia, over 1,000 mg/L total Volatile Fatty Acids (tVFA) and Escherichia coli less than 100,000 cfu per g dry solids. The fermented liquor contains over 10,000 mg/L COD, over 500 mg/L ammonia, over 1,000 mg/L tVFA and less than 5,000 mg/L of suspended solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 4, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2011
    Assignee: United Utilities PLC
    Inventor: Son Le
  • Publication number: 20110036133
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process to purify enzymatically digested heparin-derived protein hydrolysate (peptone) comprising the step of passing the peptone through a nanofilter at a temperature of about ambient to about 130° F. and a pressure of about ambient to about 360 psi resulting in peptone concentrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2009
    Publication date: February 17, 2011
    Inventors: Timothy James Hadden, Gary Merle Kurtz
  • Patent number: 7887615
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device for producing nitrogen fertilizer from organic waste products in the liquid phase (suspension, emulsion, solution) and for hygienizing the wastes or reducing the emissions by thermal treatment using mineral or organic additions. According to the invention, this is achieved by a method, wherein the waste product is heated at underpressure to temperatures between 40 and 90° C., the escaping gas containing carbon dioxide and ammonia is cooled down and introduced into an aqueous absorption agent, the nitrogen fertilizer formed thereby is discharged and the excess gas not having been absorbed and containing carbon dioxide is pumped back into the discharge container, wherein the underpressure generated at the beginning of the process by a vacuum pump is autogenously maintained by the progress of the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Assignee: Phoenix Beteiligungs GmbH
    Inventors: Herbert Spindler, Ute Bauermeister, Thomas Meier, Michael Teske
  • Patent number: 7882646
    Abstract: This invention discloses systems and methods for conversion of high moisture waste materials to dry or low moisture products for recycle or reuse. The equipment systems comprise a gas turbine generator unit (preferred heat source), a dryer vessel and a processing unit, wherein the connection between the gas turbine and the dryer vessel directs substantially all the gas turbine exhaust into the dryer vessel and substantially precludes the introduction of air into the dryer vessel and wherein the processing unit forms the dried material from the dryer vessel into granules, pellets or other desired form for the final product. Optionally, the systems and methods further provide for processing ventilation air from manufacturing facilities to reduce emissions therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2011
    Assignee: EarthRenew, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian N. Gorbell, Christianne Carin, legal representative, Alvin W. Fedkenheuer, John S. Jonasson, Alexander Starosud
  • Patent number: 7883564
    Abstract: The invention relates to systems and methods for making fertilizer compositions out of potassium phosphate brine solutions recovered from meat processing operations. In an embodiment, the invention includes a method for making a fertilizer composition including filtering a meat-processing waste solution, and measuring the concentration of a salt in the meat-processing waste solution. In an embodiment, the invention includes a method for disposing of a meat-processing brine solution including filtering the meat-processing brine solution, and measuring the concentration of a salt in the meat-processing brine solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2011
    Assignee: Hawkins, Inc.
    Inventors: Patrick Howard Hawkins, Ted Stern
  • Publication number: 20100326151
    Abstract: An enhanced fertilizer product comprised of nutrients and inert solids wherein the nutrients and inert solids are derived from a source material. The nutrients in the source material are collected with a nutrient capture process. The fertilizer product is agglomerated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2009
    Publication date: December 30, 2010
    Inventors: Daniel Paul Madigan, Ronald Dean Eichhorn
  • Patent number: 7851210
    Abstract: The apparatus of the present invention is useful for recycling protein waste and producing fuel from protein waste. Waste is ground by a grinding means and digested by a enzyme digest medium composed of enzymes, preservatives, and inedible egg. The ground proteins are digested with the enzyme in recirculated digest tanks. Fat can be collected from the tank by addition of acid and separation of fat from water with a centrifuge. Alternatively the ground protein and enzyme can be fermented and gas collected from the digest tank in a pressure tank with a compressor. The protein solubles are emulsified, separated from water, and extruded before drying. Either fat or gas can be used to fuel a dryer. The dried proteins are then milled in a hammer mill and screened for uniform size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2010
    Inventors: Jonathan Scott Darling, Don Scott Darling
  • Patent number: 7846231
    Abstract: There are provided a method of treating organic waste, which is excellent in the smooth temperature elevation in the early stage of the treatment and satisfactory in temperature-maintenance in a high temperature range, and by which the stable treatment of organic waste is achieved and the evaporation of moisture is promoted, thereby a stable effect of treating organic waste and an increased treatment scale being achieved; an agent for treating organic waste; and microorganisms to be used therein. The method is characterized by the use of a mesophilic bacterium showing its activity at 15 to 50° C. and a thermophilic bacterium showing its activity at 50 to 70° C. in the organic waste. As the mesophilic bacteria, bacteria which have an exothermic action and form spores under a temperature of 50° C. or higher are preferable and Bacillus subtilis is more preferable. Among these bacteria, a C-3102 strain (FERM BP-1096) is especially preferable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Assignee: Calpis Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Miyazaki, Kiyoshi Maruta, Tomohiro Hamaoka
  • Patent number: 7785386
    Abstract: A process for treating an organic matter sludge includes, in a mixing stage, mixing an organic matter sludge and particulate sterilized organic matter, to form an organic matter mixture. This mixture is dried in a drying stage to obtain a homogeneous particulate organic product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Assignee: Capensis Investments 497 (Proprietary) Limited
    Inventors: Hendrik J. Venter, Carl Nieuwmeijer
  • Publication number: 20100192653
    Abstract: The invention relates to novel compositions for preventing caking and crust formation in several types of manures or fertilizers in the form of granular solids. Said compositions comprise at least one phosphoric ester and at least one fatty trialkylamine of formula (III) wherein R1 represents a linear or branched alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl group containing between 6 and 24 carbon atoms, R2 represents an alkyl group containing between 1 and 5 carbon atoms, R3 represents a linear or branched alkyl group containing between 1 and 5 carbon atoms, or alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl group containing between 6 and 24 carbon atoms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2008
    Publication date: August 5, 2010
    Inventors: Joan Antoni Riaza Martinez, Marc Rocafull Fajardo
  • Patent number: 7745208
    Abstract: The invention is an apparatus and a process for treating biomass bearing material including municipal solid waste (MSW). The apparatus includes a reaction vessel held at an angle and configured for rotation and steam injection, with helically arranged internal flights, a self-aligning door closure, and a swing-away door assembly. It also includes a novel structure for shredding biomass bearing material attached to the edges of the flights. This structure is a number of projecting tooth like points and paddles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2010
    Inventor: Anthony P. Noll
  • Patent number: 7731856
    Abstract: A method of treating waste matter from animals, the method comprising: a) collecting waste matter from the animals; b) inhibiting urease activity in said collected waste matter; and c) separating said urease-activity inhibited waste matter into a urea-rich fraction and a urea-lean fraction; a system for treating waste matter from animals; a urea-lean biogas fuel product; a urea-rich animal waste-matter product; a method of controlling the content of nitrogen in manure from animals; a method of reducing gaseous ammonia in stables for animals; a stable for animals; a biogas reactor system for producing biogas from waste matter from animals; a method of producing urea from waste matter of animals; a method of producing urea formaldehyde; and a method of producing biogas fuel from waste matter of animals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignee: Waste 2 Green, LLC
    Inventor: Dennis Wowern Nielsen
  • Publication number: 20100104732
    Abstract: A method of producing an animal feed that is free from transmittable degenerative encephalopathies is provided. Central to the method is alkali treatment of animal material at a pH of at least 8.5 under temperature conditions below 100 C at atmospheric pressure. This method provides a decontaminated animal feed produced under relatively low temperature and pressure conditions that are achievable instandard animal carcass rendering facilities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2009
    Publication date: April 29, 2010
    Inventor: Philip William Kemp
  • Publication number: 20100071428
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing a plant growth medium comprising the following steps: a) providing an amount of bioorganic matter; b) contacting the bioorganic matter with one or more microbial agents capable of degrading the bioorganic matter to produce a decomposition product; and c) treating the decomposition product produced in step (b) to inhibit the degradation process prior to its completion. The invention further provides a bioreactor and a kit for performing that method, and a plant growth medium. In an embodiment, the plant growth medium is a peat-substitute material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2008
    Publication date: March 25, 2010
    Inventors: Keith Waldron, Timothy Brocklehurst
  • Patent number: 7674311
    Abstract: A method is provided for manufacturing a liquid nitrogen fertilizer from organic wastes and manures, in which nitrogen is extracted as an aqueous ammonia, and further concentrated, and eventually converted to nitrate in a biological reactor. The method may utilize nitrogen rich organic wastes and manures, such as wastewater sludge, slaughter house wastes, broiler layer, and guano, and it is especially suitable for providing a nitrogen fertilizer in organic farming.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2010
    Assignee: Ben Gurion University of the Negev Research and Development Authority
    Inventors: Amit Gross, Ali Nejidat, Pinchas Fine