Fluid Drive Divides Or Combines Alternate Paths Patents (Class 74/718)
  • Patent number: 9080616
    Abstract: A subassembly for a transmission including a seal having a protrusion, a piston including a tab, and a lip about said piston, wherein an axial gap is formed between said tab and said lip, said piston also including a hole corresponding to said protrusion and operatively arranged to receive said protrusion for securing seal to said piston, a spring element disposed in said axial gap between said tab and said lip, wherein said spring element includes a finger corresponding to said tab, wherein said finger is aligned with said tab for axially locking said spring element between said tab and said lip, and wherein said tab includes a recess operatively arranged for receiving said finger for rotationally locking said spring element to said piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG
    Inventors: Chris Luipold, Michael Van Sickle
  • Publication number: 20150059524
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an automated manual transmission comprising: a first gearshift unit (10) connected to the turbine of a torque converter connected to an engine and driven by the engine; a second gearshift unit (20) that includes an auxiliary input gear unit (30) and is connected to the impeller of the torque converter; and the auxiliary input gear unit (30). The first gearshift unit (10) increases or reduces the RPM of the power from the engine (1) transferred by means of the torque converter by a certain gear ratio and transmits the power to a drive wheel (50). The second gearshift unit (20) is directly coupled to the engine (1) and increases or reduces the RPM of the power from the engine (1) transferred by means of each gear by a certain gear ratio and transmits the power to a drive wheel (41).
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventor: Secheol Kim
  • Patent number: 8845489
    Abstract: A powerplant (8) is provided with a drive shaft (4) and at least one engine (1) having an outlet shaft (2) that is necessarily set into rotation during starting of the engine (1), the drive shaft (4) being suitable for setting a mechanical system (7) into motion. The powerplant (8) includes a link member (3) having a clutch (15) and a declutchable freewheel (25) for mechanically linking the outlet shaft (2) to the drive shaft (4).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Airbus Helicopters
    Inventor: Michel Vialle
  • Patent number: 8234956
    Abstract: A piston actuated synchronizer system for a split torque transmission where the piston is attached directly to the synchronizer shift collar on the synchronizer centerline to provide the required actuation in a small volume of space and resolve fork and rod deflection issues seen on other synchronizers that use such a system. The piston is pressure applied and spring released. This design also uses a displacement sensor to monitor synchronizer engagement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Kraig M. Love, John M. Seipold, Glen P. Calvert
  • Publication number: 20110232418
    Abstract: A vehicle includes an internal combustion engine configured to power a hydraulic pump to pressurize hydraulic fluid, which is used to power the vehicle directly or is stored in an accumulator. A drive module, including a hydraulic pump/motor and a multi-speed mechanical transmission, is operatively coupled to drive wheels of the vehicle to provide motive power to the vehicle. The drive module can also include a second hydraulic motor (or multiple hydraulic motors) configured to provide motive power. The transmission is configured to progress through its gears at ratio shifts of no less than 2:1 between adjacent gear positions. The transmission is configured to place the hydraulic motor in neutral during some portions of vehicle operation, and to engage the motor during other portions of vehicle operation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2011
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Applicant: Government of the United States of America, as Represented by the Administrator of the U.S. EPA
    Inventors: Charles L. Gray, JR., Daniel W. Barba
  • Patent number: 7762917
    Abstract: The present invention broadly comprises a power transmitting assembly for a vehicle, including a transmission power output for a manual transmission in the vehicle and a torque-filling element. The torque-filling element is arranged for connection to an engine in the vehicle, is connected to the transmission power output and is arranged to modify engine torque from the engine and to provide the modified engine torque to the transmission power output during a shift to a gear in the manual transmission. The torque-filling element includes a hydrodynamic torque-transmitting device, a rotation adjustment element to modify rotational speed associated with the engine, and a coupling element to interface the engine torque with torque on the transmission power output. In some aspects, the rotation adjustment element is arranged for connection to the engine. In some aspects, the coupling element is arranged for connection to the engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2010
    Assignee: LuK Lamellen und Kupplungsbau Beteiligungs KG
    Inventors: Edmund Maucher, Jeffrey Hemphill
  • Publication number: 20100162849
    Abstract: A piston actuated synchronizer system for a split torque transmission where the piston is attached directly to the synchronizer shift collar on the synchronizer centerline to provide the required actuation in a small volume of space and resolve fork and rod deflection issues seen on other synchronizers that use such a system. The piston is pressure applied and spring released. This design also uses a displacement sensor to monitor synchronizer engagement.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2008
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Inventors: Kraig M. Love, John M. Seipold, Glen P. Calvert
  • Patent number: 7691028
    Abstract: A system that employs a torque converter and a shiftable mechanical lock to start up rotating industrial equipment. A gear mechanism is employed to account for rotational slippage inherent in the torque converter. The torque converter and gear mechanism are used during start-up to increase the speed of the rotating industrial equipment. When the speed of the rotating industrial equipment is substantially synchronized with the speed of the driver, the mechanical lock is engaged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2010
    Assignee: ConocoPhillips Company
    Inventors: Timothy J. Hattenbach, Morgan L. Hendry
  • Publication number: 20080250898
    Abstract: The invention concerns a gearbox (21) for a lift truck with telescopic jib. Such a gearbox comprises a torque converter (30) in input, and an output shift (45), characterized in that it comprises: an input shaft, called primary shaft, connected to the torque converter (30) and whereon is arranged a clutch mechanism (32); a secondary shaft (35) driven in rotation by the clutch mechanism (32); two pinions, namely first (37) and second (38) pinions, mounted freely rotatable on the secondary shaft (5) and capable of being driven alternately therewith depending on the movement of a synchronizing device; a tertiary shaft (40) coupled with the secondary shaft (45) through the first pinion (37) and a reversing pinion (42) driven by the second pinion (38), the tertiary shaft (40) comprising a plurality of pinions (39, 41, 46, 47) for coupling with the output shaft (45), in accordance with the desired transmission ratio.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2005
    Publication date: October 16, 2008
    Inventor: Sebastien Tremblais
  • Patent number: 6186029
    Abstract: A multi-speed transmission assembly including a gear box portion having first and second inputs and an output; the first input is connectable to a pump portion of the torque converter, whereas the second output is selectively connectable to an impeller portion of said torque converter such that separate torque converter and direct drive paths are established from a prime mover to the transmission output. Clutches are used to selectively couple the first and second inputs with their associated driving elements. The gear box includes two countershafts having their axes arranged to be parallel and spaced apart from each other and parallel and spaced from an axis of an output shaft. The axes are arranged in a triangular relationship which enables a “straight through” version, a “short drop” version and a “long drop” version of the transmission to be easily manufactured using a commonality of components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2001
    Assignee: Dana Corporation
    Inventor: Ted McQuinn
  • Patent number: 5718299
    Abstract: The drive device for an agricultural harvester includes a gear unit (5) driven by an internal combustion engine through a hydrostatic transmission comprised of a hydraulic pump (1) and a hydraulic motor (2). The transmission unit (5) drives a pair of drive wheels (12) through the differential (8). A power takeoff device (13) is installed between the hydraulic motor (2) and the transmission unit (5) and a clutch is installed between the power takeoff device (13) and the transmission unit (5) thus permitting operation of the power takeoff device while power to the drive wheels is disconnected. A brake (4) is provided on the transmission unit and a brake is provided for each of the drive wheels (12).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1998
    Assignee: Same S.p.A.
    Inventors: Martin Hafele, Hermann Berghorn
  • Patent number: 5253548
    Abstract: A motor vehicle torque transmission apparatus incorporating a multi-stage torque converter, a main reduction gear and a stepless speed-change transmission. The multi-stage torque converter comprises separate stators. The main reduction gear is connectable to an output section of the multi-stage torque converter. Connected to one of the stators and to the main reduction gear is a stepless speed-change transmission therebetween, such that output torque of the stator is added to output torque of the main reduction gear.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1993
    Assignee: Daikin Clutch Corporation
    Inventor: Masayoshi Sahashi
  • Patent number: 5213551
    Abstract: A transmission (1) has an input (2) connected to an engine (3). At a speed above idling, a centrifugal clutch (9) connects the engine to a pump (8) of a torque converter (7) and also to a sun gear (14) of a planetary gear train (13). A turbine (11) of the torque converter is connected to a ring gear (16) of the planetary gear train, and a planet carrier (18) is connected to an output (4) of the transmission. A free wheel (22) mounted between the ring gear and a stationary housing prevents reverse rotation of the ring gear. At low engine speeds, the power passes via the sun and planet gears through the planet carrier to the output, while reaction torque exerted by the planet gears on the ring gear is greater than forward torque transmitted through the torque converter, so that the ring gear is held stationary by the free wheel. In this condition, the planetary gear train acts as a mechanical speed reducer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1993
    Assignee: Mat Holdings B.V.
    Inventor: Roumen A. Antonov
  • Patent number: 5194685
    Abstract: A hammer movement detection device for detecting the movement of a hammer which strikes strings provided for each key of a keyboard musical instrument. The hammer movement detection device radiates light onto a hammer shank which moves with the hammer and detects at least the displacement of the hammer shank based on the light reflected from the hammmer shank. The movement detection device may be attached to a shank rail which supports the hammer shank in a freely rotatable manner. The hammer movement detection device may be supported using a fixed member which is supported above the hammer shank and below the pin board which is connected to the frame which supports the strings which are struck by the hammer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1993
    Assignee: Yamaha Corporation
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Kawamura, Shigeru Muramatsu
  • Patent number: 4974472
    Abstract: A hydraulic power transmission apparatus for reducing the speed of rotation of output from a power source and changing the speed of rotation thereof at a given transmission ratio, includes an oil pump having a drive shaft to which the power from the power source can be applied, the oil pump being drivable by the power from the power source, a pair of oil motors having output shafts, respectively, and associated with a pair of axles, respectively, the oil motors being drivable by hydraulic pressure generated by the oil pump, a pair of speed reducer mechanisms disposed between the outupt shafts of the oil motors and the axles for reducing the speeds of rotation of the output shafts, respectively, and transmitting the rotation of the output shafts to the axles, respectively, an inner case having a closed space defined therein, the oil pump and the oil motors being housing in the closed space, and a transmission case having a transmission chamber defined therein, the inner case and the speed reducer mechanisms be
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 4, 1990
    Assignee: Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Sadanori Nishimura, Horishige Makita
  • Patent number: 4928553
    Abstract: A flywheel energy storage system with a continuously-variable output speed employing a pair of variable inertia flywheels for energy storage and transfer and a second pair of variable inertia flywheels for control of the inertia of the first flywheels. A gear type transmission is provided for coupling each of the flywheels to an input shaft and each of the flywheels with an output shaft with multiple output shaft speed ranges. A system for automatic control of shifting is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 29, 1990
    Inventor: John T. Wagner
  • Patent number: 4917200
    Abstract: Improved steering systems are provided for skid-steering vehicles such as military tanks, track-type tractors and the like. A diesel engine may be used to rotate a drive shaft interconnected by port and starboard planetary gear assemblies, to apply driving power simultaneously to both track-drive mechanisms. Steering is provided by port and starboard hydraulically-actuated motors, each positively interconnected with the ring gear or other suitable component of its respective planetary gear assembly, whereby each track-drive mechanism may be controlled separately and independently of the other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 17, 1990
    Inventor: Ivan R. Lucius
  • Patent number: 4848187
    Abstract: A drive comprising a power dividing unit located between the drive shaft and the driven shafts and designed to transmit the torque on the drive shaft to each driven shaft in such a manner that the torques acting on each of the same fall within a given torque ratio and such as to control the driven shafts at speeds depending on the operating conditions of the members connected to the shafts themselves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 18, 1989
    Assignee: Ferrari, S.p.A.
    Inventor: Mauro Forghieri
  • Patent number: 4836049
    Abstract: A continually variable transmission includes a fluid coupling having an impeller driven from a power source and connected to the input sheave of a fixed speed ratio change drive mechanism, and an impeller connected to the input sheave of a variable speed ratio belt drive mechanism. A coupling bypass clutch mechanically connects the impeller and the turbine. A compound planetary gear set has its sun gear driven from the output sheave of the variable drive mechanism and its ring gear connected to the output sheave of the fixed ratio mechanism, which is mounted on a one-way clutch and selectively drives the ring gear through a low mode clutch. One planet pinion set is continuously engaged with the ring gear, a second planet pinion set is continuously engaged with the first planet pinion set and with the ring gear. A pinion carrier rotatably supports both pinion sets and its connectable through a high mode clutch to the output of the variable belt mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1989
    Assignee: Ford Motor Company
    Inventor: Richard D. Moan
  • Patent number: 4825722
    Abstract: The hydromechanical transmission is all in all designed as a power splitting transmission having at least two hydraulic machines adapted to selectively act as pumps and motors, a control or connecting block, epicyclic gearing and various clutches, the hydraulic machines adapted to selectively act as pumps and motors forming a preassembled unit or subassembly with the control or connecting block. The subassembly, the epicyclic gearing, the clutches and any intermediate shaft required are arranged in a unitary manner in a common housing, in which the various elements are surrounded with a small clearance. the hydraulic machines adapted to selectively act as pumps and motors are arranged within the overall length of the epicyclic gearing and are axially parallel thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 2, 1989
    Assignee: MAN Nutzfahrzeuge GmbH
    Inventors: Faust Hagin, Hans Drewitz, Stefan Martini
  • Patent number: 4821604
    Abstract: A vehicular four-wheel drive system which includes: an oil pump adapted to be actuated by the relative rotations of a first rotating shaft connected to front wheels and a second rotating shaft connected to rear wheels for discharging pressure oil; a hydraulic clutch having a cylinder chamber communicating with the discharge passage of the oil pump; an electromagnetic throttle valve for controlling the discharge pressure of the oil pump; and a control mechanism for changing the throttle opening of the electromagnetic valve in accordance with the running situation of the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1989
    Assignee: Toyoda Koki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Hiroaki Asano
  • Patent number: 4817459
    Abstract: Operational efficiency in a combined engine starting and power generating system including an engine 110 connected to a dynamoelectric machine 142 useable as a motor or as a generator via a differential 114 and utilizing variable and fixed displacement hydraulic units 146, 156 is increased by sizing the variable and fixed hydraulic units 146 and 156 for power generating operation and by providing an auxiliary fixed displacement hydraulic unit 162 for use only during an engine starting mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: Sundstrand Corporation
    Inventors: Evans W. Erikson, Richard W. Reynolds, Daniel M. Ryan
  • Patent number: 4813300
    Abstract: A transmission having a two-stage torque converter with a turbine and two stators, a one-way clutch and a stator shaft, one of the stators being connected to the stator shaft through the one-way clutch. The reverse drive of the stator connected to the stator shaft through the one-way clutch is interconnected to and disconnected from the drive of the turbine through counter gear mounted on counter shafts selectively interconnected and selectively disconnected through clutches mounted on the counter shafts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1989
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Daikin Seisakusho
    Inventor: Masahiro Ohkubo
  • Patent number: 4727759
    Abstract: A front and rear transmission casing are joined to form a single casing. Upper and lower input shafts are received and supported by the front casing. The lower input shaft drives a change speed gearing with a speed change shaft and a pinion shaft. The pinion shaft has a pinion gear located on a further end of the shaft and engages a ring gear of a differential. The upper input shaft drives a clutch driven shaft through a PTO clutch unit. A rear PTO shaft is driven by the clutch driven shaft and extends out of the rear casing. A mid PTO shaft is also driven by the clutch driven shaft and extends out of the front casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1988
    Assignee: Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Kojiro Yamaoka, Shusuke Nemoto
  • Patent number: 4726255
    Abstract: A power transmission system serves to drive a variable-speed processing machine normally in a lower speed range and if necessary in an upper speed range. The system essentially comprises the following elements which are all disposed coaxially to one another: An input shaft connected by means of a hydrodynamic adjustable coupling to an intermediate shaft to rotate the impeller pump of an adjustable hydrodynamic torque converter. Its turbine wheel rotates with a brakable override shaft. The intermediate shaft and the override shaft are connected to an output shaft by means of a differential gear.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 23, 1988
    Assignee: J. M. Voith Turbo GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Rudolf Humpfer, Georg Wahl
  • Patent number: 4671062
    Abstract: A speed ratio detecting valve means of torque converter comprising a hub of a stator vane spline fitted onto a fixed shaft and being freely rotatable through a prescribed play angle, the hub being permitted to rotate relative to the fixed shaft by said play angle at a prescribed speed ratio utilizing a phenomenon that the direction of force of a working fluid in the torque converter exerted on the stator vane is reversed when an input-output rotation speed ratio reaches said prescribed value, and causing a fluid passage opening through a fixed shaft inside to an outer periphery of the fixed shaft to joint with or shut off from its jointing part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1984
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1987
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Daikin Seisakusho
    Inventor: Masahiro Ohkubo
  • Patent number: 4656889
    Abstract: An arrangement for a four wheel drive motor vehicle which increases the rotational moment transfer from the front axle to the rear axle in the case of a large rotational speed differential between the two axles. The arrangement includes a lamella or plate clutch arranged between the front axle and the rear axle. The front axle is directly driven by the gear change transmission and the rear axle is indirectly driven by the front axle. A one way clutch and a reducing transmission are interposed with respect to the plate clutch in such a way that the characteristic curve for rotational moment transfer versus axle rotational speed differential exhibits a flat slope during normal driving conditions (relatively small speed differentials) and an increasingly steep slope during hazardous driving conditions (relatively large speed differentials).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1987
    Assignee: Dr. Ing. H.c.F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Robert Mueller
  • Patent number: 4631980
    Abstract: A hydraulic circuit construction for a tractor having a hydraulic stepless change speed apparatus wherein pressure oil is supplied to the charge oil line regardless of whether the main clutch is engaged or disengaged while the engine is running. Furthermore, where the lift arm cylinder is the single acting type, the pressure oil from the hydraulic pump directly connected to the engine is divided at a flow priority valve, its excess flow being supplied to the hydraulic circuit for driving the lift arm cylinder, into a return oil line from this circuit a control flow of the flow priority valve being joined, whereby at least a constant amount of control flow is supplied to the charge oil line to avoid a complete break of the charge oil supply even if there is no flow of pressure oil in the return oil line at times of pressure oil supply to the single acting lift arm cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1986
    Assignee: Kubota, Ltd.
    Inventor: Shozo Ishimori
  • Patent number: 4548101
    Abstract: A power supplying member supplies rotational power in a certain rotational direction to a first member of the transmission, and a power receiving member takes out power from a second member. Several power transmission systems are provided between the first and the second member, which are selectively engagable so as to provide various speed stages between them. Each power transmission system has a clutching mechanism which either can be disconnected so as to freewheel in both rotational directions, or can be connected to transmit rotational power at least in the one rotational direction which is required for transmission of power through that power transmission system from the first member to the second member. A fluid torque converter is provided in the rotational power transmission path of only one of the power transmission systems which provides the lowest gearing ratio between the first member and the second member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1983
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1985
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Teruo Akashi, Hiroshi Ito, Shigemichi Yamada
  • Patent number: 4483212
    Abstract: A change-speed transmission comprises: an input member; an output member; a hydrokinetic unit having a pump connected to the input member for simultaneous rotation therewith and a turbine; first and second clutches; a divider in the form of a planetary gear set; and a planetary gear train. The divider has a first, a second and a third rotary element, while, the planetary gear train also has a first, a second and a third rotary element. The first rotary element of the divider is connected to the first rotary element of the gear train for simultaneous rotation therewith, and the second rotary elements are connected to each other through the second clutch. The second or third rotary elements are connectable through a first or a torque split clutch to the input member. The turbine of the hydrokinetic unit is connectable to the other one of said second and third rotary elements. The output member is connected to the third rotary element of the gear train or divider.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 20, 1984
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Company Limited
    Inventor: Kunio Ohtsuka
  • Patent number: 4472984
    Abstract: A power transmission having axially aligned input and output shafts is provided with a planetary gear train for each shaft respectively with the carriers for the planetary pinions interconnected, with the pinions all meshing with a common ring gear, and with a gear reduction from the input gear train to the output gear train. Power is applied to the transmission through a torque convertor, and initial high torque-low speed operation changes gradually until a one-to-one ratio is established.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1982
    Date of Patent: September 25, 1984
    Inventor: Estle A. Cook
  • Patent number: 4471670
    Abstract: A hydrodynamic reversing transmission with discrete first and second hydrodynamic starting torque converters in the forward and reverse drive trains and an additional torque converter which is installed in the forward drive train and is actuatable to transmit torque in the intermediate or higher speed range of the respective drive train has a clutch which is rendered operative simultaneously with the second torque converter to enhance the braking action while the vehicle which utilizes the transmission moves in the preferred forward direction. The clutch performs a dual function, namely, to assist the second torque converter in braking the vehicle, such as a dump truck, while the vehicle moves in the preferred direction, as well as to drive the output shaft of the transmission in the higher or highest speed range of the forward drive train. When the clutch assists in braking of the vehicle, it transmits torque from the wheels of the vehicle (i.e.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 18, 1984
    Assignee: J. M. Voith GmbH
    Inventor: Helmut Muller
  • Patent number: 4391096
    Abstract: A hydrodynamic reversing transmission wherein each of the forward and reverse drive trains between the input and output shafts has a starting torque converter with a stationary housing, a rotary turbine wheel and a set of adjustable guide vanes. The draining lines of the torque converters have inlet portions which are connected with the respective housings and are oriented in such a way that the direction of fluid flow therein is identical with or closely approximates the direction of fluid flow between the adjacent blades of the turbine wheel when the respective torque converters are operated within the counterbraking range. Each inlet portion has an aperture which is in permanent communication with the sump. The ratio of the outer diameter to the inner diameter of each turbine wheel is between 1.1 and 1.25, and the ratio of distances between the tips of neighboring blades of the turbine wheel to the outer diameter of the turbine wheel is between 0.06 and 0.09.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1980
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1983
    Assignee: Voith Getriebe KG
    Inventors: Erich Polzer, Gottfried Ruetz, Hubert Schmolz, Remy Pochon
  • Patent number: 4311067
    Abstract: The device is so designed as to be cheap enough to be sold in large numbers and is particularly simple, compact and has a very low power consumption. It comprises a hydrokinetic converter and a gear mechanism having two forward speeds established by means of two pairs of pinions. It is completed by two clutches and a free-wheel disposed in the converter which provide the connection with the two input elements of the mechanism. These two clutches are actuated by a single slidable plate which moves as a function of parameters such as the speed of the vehicle or the load on the engine. The two clutches are disposed on opposite sides of the plate and one clutch is connected in parallel with the free-wheel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 1979
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1982
    Assignees: Automobiles Peugeot, Societe Anonyme Automobiles Citroen
    Inventor: Armand Froumajou
  • Patent number: 4304150
    Abstract: A motor vehicle transmission unit provided with an automatic variable ratio transmission mechanism and a supplementary fixed ratio transmission mechanism which transmits torque from an input shaft to an output shaft of the unit in conditions of low speed and high torque. A free wheel clutch allows the variable ratio transmission mechanism to take over the drive when the speed increases, this being accomplished by means of an automatic speed sensitive clutch which engages when the speed of the output shaft reaches a predetermined threshold valve. A torque converter or other progressive coupling device links the input shaft of the unit, via an isolating friction clutch, to the fixed ratio transmission mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1979
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1981
    Assignee: Fiat Auto, S.p.A.
    Inventors: Giorgio Lupo, Pier G. Castelli
  • Patent number: 4289044
    Abstract: A motor vehicle hydrodynamic transmission is provided with a torque converter and a planetary gear train. In order to provide a compact transmission arrangement, the stator of the torque converter is connected to the planetary gear carrier by means of a freewheel, and the planetary gear carrier is connected to the housing by another freewheel. The planetary gear is also connected to the housing by a controllable brake. The brake and freewheel connecting the carrier to the housing are arranged radially outward from the planetary gear train. The second sun gear of the planetary gear train and the second brake, which acts on the second sun gear, are arranged on the side of the planetary gear train facing away from the torque converter. The output of the planetary gear train is a pinion, which is connected to the inertial gear and located between the torque converter and the planetary gear train.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1981
    Assignee: Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Heinz Dorpmund, Gerd Oberpichler
  • Patent number: 4258585
    Abstract: A hydromechanical transmission especially suited to track-laying vehicles. A series of planetary assemblies are provided in conjunction with a hydrostatic driving module and a hydrostatic steering module. Every range may operate in both forward and reverse modes, and the change between forward and reverse can be made in any range. Efficient operation in moving straight ahead or back and on turns is assured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 1978
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1981
    Assignee: Orshansky Transmission Corporation
    Inventors: Elias Orshansky, Jr., deceased, William E. Weseloh
  • Patent number: 4099426
    Abstract: A transmission for locomotives, earthmoving vehicles or analogous conveyances has two closely adjacent parallel adjustable starting torque converters, one in the forward and the other in the reverse drive train, a common first gear train which connects the primary shafts of the starting converters with each other and with the input shaft, a second gear train which connects the secondary shafts of the starting converters with each other and with the output shaft, a cruising converter which is coaxial with the starting converter of the forward drive train and has a discrete secondary shaft coaxial with the secondary shaft of the respective starting converter and connected with the output shaft by a third gear train, a hydraulic brake whose rotor is driven by the secondary shaft of the starting converter of the reverse drive train and is effective only when the output shaft rotates in the forward direction, a first control unit which engages the brake and causes evacuation of working fluid from the working circu
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1976
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1978
    Assignee: Voith Getriebe KG
    Inventors: Rolf Keller, Erich Polzer
  • Patent number: 4059027
    Abstract: A multi-engine assembly comprising a plurality of small, light weight and high efficiency type engines, preferably of the two stroke type, connected by a hydraulic power transmission to a common output shaft, and capable of being selectively connected or disconnected to the drive upon demand.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1976
    Date of Patent: November 22, 1977
    Assignee: Conort Engineering AB
    Inventor: Bengt Olof Henrik Wallander
  • Patent number: 3944034
    Abstract: The invention described in this specification relates to a hydrodynamic torque converter transmission of the type including two or more torque converter units connected in parallel between the input and output shafts and provided with means for interrupting the torque transfer through one or more of said units. One or more torque converters in the transmission is or are arranged with one bladed component thereof such as the pump or turbine blades selectively releasable from or engageable with an input shaft or an output shaft respectively whereby different driving conditions are obtained by engaging and disengaging the drive through different torque converters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1973
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1976
    Assignee: S.R.M. Hydromekanik Aktiebolag
    Inventor: Karl Gustav Ahlen