Abstract: A transfer mechanism for turret indexing and positioning system includes an output shaft configured to hold a turret and a hydraulically controlled three-piece tooth type shaft coupling arranged to brake the output shaft at a precise position of the turret. A follower is secured to the output shaft by a conic ring. A locking nut that can be rapidly and independently affixed is used to provide an optimal clearance between a rotational sleeve and a reference sleeve of a three-piece tooth type shaft coupling during the rotation of the turret.
November 9, 1998
Date of Patent:
August 1, 2000
Industrial Technology Research Institute
Abstract: An indexing device comprising a base table (10), a turret (11) which indexes about a given rotary center relative to the base table (10), a pair of positioning engaging members (27) provided between the base table (10) and the turret (11), wherein at least one of the positioning engaging members (27) has an inclined tooth profile, and the positioning engaging members (27) are engageable with and disengageable from each other relative to the tooth profiles when they move in axial directions thereof relative to each other. The meshing of the tooth profiles are maintained by applying a pressing force to at least one of the positioning engaging members (27). When the turret (11) receives a load, a positioning displacement which occurs between the pair of positioning engaging members (27) is detected, and the pressing force applied to the positioning engaging members (27) is adjusted based on the result of detection.
October 27, 1997
Date of Patent:
October 5, 1999
Citizen Watch Co., Ltd.
Wolfgang Pfeifer, Kenji Sugimoto, Hiroshi Shinohara
Abstract: An assembly for carrying out operations in the transfer, manufacture, or assembly of components having an open center turntable, rotatable about a vertical axis, having a number of work positions adapted for alignment with component supply, assembly, and removal. The platform is movably borne on an open center fixed base support, by means of bearings journalled between the support and the turntable proximate the work force exerted on the component at the turntable work station. The platform is rotated about the open center fixed support by means of a substantially circular drive hub attached to the platform. A drive belt, coupled to the drive pulley of a motor, located beneath the platform peripherally engages the drive hub about a circular belt raceway attached to the hub. As the drive pulley rotates, the turntable rotates through a defined set of motions by means of the drive belt arrangement.
Abstract: A rotatable tool-holder turret for lathes, work-centers and the like, comprises a stationary base body with a cavity which extends along a longitudinal axis, a tool-holder table rotatable relative to the stationary base body, an element with teeth for locking and releasing the rotatable table relative to the stationary body, a drive mechanism for moving the table between working positions spaced angularly around the longitudinal axis, as well as a compressed air operated cylinder-piston for moving the locking and release element axially. The turret includes a mechanism for amplifying the axial thrust generated by preloaded springs, the mechanism holding the locking element mechanically in the position in which the turret is locked, by a plurality of balls which are movable radially relative to the longitudinal axis of the turret and which can be inserted between and released from facing walls, including at least one conical wall of the locking element and of a wall of a second, stationary tubular element.
Abstract: A device for adjusting the position of a movable working member with respect to a stationary datum surface has a plurality of stop stems, each stem being different in length from the others. A sliding support carries the movable working member whose position is to be adjusted, and is mounted on a guide perpendicular to the datum surface. The sliding support is to be moved until it goes in abutment on a selected stem so as to take a position in which a predetermined distance is set between the movable working member and the datum surface.
Abstract: A table-turning driving apparatus comprises a pair of first and second worm shafts 16 and 17 which engage a driving shaft through gears and which is rotated in the same direction of rotation as that of the driving shaft. One 16 of the worm shafts is fixed, at the end thereof directed to the driving shaft, to a gear 28 by means of a fastening and connecting member 29, 30 so that the phase thereof is adjustable relative to the gear 28, and pinions 34, 40 integral with worm wheels 33, 39 which engage worms 32, 38 of the above-mentioned worm shafts 16, 17 are connected to a ring gear 65 of the table.
Abstract: A center column machine assembly having a hydraulic manifold formed by a one-piece outer ring attached to the stationary part of the center column and a one-piece inner ring which is indexed with the work table. The two rings have overlapping surfaces defining an annular manifold passage around the column and between the two rings. The fixed ring has a port for receiving or discharging fluid under pressure, and an internal passage connecting the port to the annular manifold passage. The indexable inner ring has an outlet port suited for connection to a work fixture mounted on the work table. The indexable ring has an internal passage connecting the manifold passage to the outlet port so that the work fixture can be hydraulically actuated in a series of rotated work positions around the column.
Abstract: An indexing device comprises an indexing table fixed to a table shaft rotatably supported on a body structure. A worm shaft is rotatably supported on the body structure and has a worm formed thereon. An indexing gear is fixed coaxially to the indexing table. The indexing device has a rotation correction device for stopping the rotation of the worm shaft prior to the indexing operation of the indexing table. The indexing device further has a positioning device for operating, after the worm shaft has been thus stopped, to impart a rotational torque to the indexing table and to cause a gear tooth face of the indexing gear to press against and hold a worm tooth face of the worm, whereby the precision of positioning of the indexing table is improved.
Abstract: A self-contained shoulder indexing apparatus is for use during imaging of a shoulder joint of a patient, with the patient lying on an imaging table slidable into and out of a primary imaging coil. The self-contained shoulder indexing apparatus includes an index mechanism having an index member lockable in any selected one of a plurality of sequential index positions. Table attachment means connects the index mechanism with the table for sliding movement with the table. A cuff support member is connected with the index member for movement with the index member. A cuff supported on the cuff support member at a location remote from the index member for clamping onto the patient's arm. The cuff is connected with the support member for movement with the support member and with the index member and is lockable with the index member in any selected one of the plurality of sequential spaced index positions.
Abstract: A tool turret includes a turret housing and a turret head rotatably mounted in and relative to the turret housing to selectable angular positions about a rotational axis. A preliminary indexing bolt secures the turret head in one of the angular positions following movement of the turret head between angular positions. A three-phase synchronous motor forms a rotary drive for the turret head and has at least first and second sets of pole pairs. The first set provides a first indexing speed. The second set has a smaller number of pole pairs then the first set and provides a second indexing speed. An interlocking member securely interlocks the turret head in any of angular positions.
Abstract: A device for rotationally indexing an indexing table by utilizing a synchronized tap function of a machine tool main spindle. The rotation and the axial feeding displacement of the main spindle are in a specific synchronized relation. When the main spindle is fed forward, it engages an input shaft of the indexing device and thrusts it to retract against a spring force. Upon arriving at a retracted position of the input shaft, the main spindle starts rotation in one direction. Because of a one-way clutch between the input shaft and the indexing table, the rotation of the input shaft imparted by the main spindle is not transmitted to the indexing table. After a predetermined angular rotation and an axial feed, the main spindle is rotated in the reverse direction to be withdrawn axially. At this time the one-way clutch operates to transmit the reverse rotation to the indexing table. The indexing device is of compact construction and ensures accurate indexing.
Abstract: A turntable apparatus has a turntable in combination with an indexing mechanism for use in a universal machine tool. The turntable has a spindle, and a turntable driving system is provided for driving the turntable. A driving system is used for driving an indexing mechanism for separately driving the turntable, and has an indexing shaft. A first arrangement is provided for clamping the main spindle of the turntable, and a second arrangement is provided for clamping the indexing shaft of the indexing mechanism driving system.
Abstract: An index table structure and method of indexing where the index table structure includes a table top which is angularly rotatable and has a plurality of cam members around the periphery thereof with each including radially outwardly opening cam recess having a bust locating surface for defining a precisely located indexed position of the table top, a dual motor brake structure for driving the table top between angularly separated indexed positions, a shot pin positioned adjacent the periphery of the table top and having a second locating surface adapted to mate with the first locating surface of the cam recess to locate the indexed table top in a precisely indexed position, a fluid cushion structure for providing a fluid cushion for the table top during rotation; in indexing the table top it is rotated in one direction whereby the shot pin is cam actuated into one of the cam recesses to approximately locate the table top in an indexed position and subsequently the table top is rotated in the opposite directio
Abstract: An indexing mechanism in a machine tool for selectively positioning plural pin portions of a crankshaft at the machining position aligned with the work spindle, wherein a indexing member engaging with the crankshaft through an engaging pin is rotated by an indexing motor through a gear train. The crankshaft is initially rotated in a first direction until a selected pin portion engages with a rest shoe of a rest device provided on the bed in order to be positioned in a reference angle position, in which the selected pin portion is located at the machining position aligned with a work spindle. The crankshaft is then clamped on the chucking device. After that, the indexing motor is rotated in a second direction opposite to the first direction until the load of the motor exceeds a reference level, so that the influence of a backlash in the gear train and a clearance between the engaging pin and the crankshaft is eliminated.
Abstract: An index control apparatus for the tool rest of an NC lathe for driving the tool rest to a desired indexed position on the basis of an NC machining command. In order to make the swivelling velocity of the tool rest adjustable as desired and to index the tool rest quickly and with a high accuracy, a servo motor is used as the driving source for swivelling the tool rest. The swivelling angle and the swivelling velocity of the tool rest are optimized in accordance with an index command and the current position of the tool rest, and quick indexing operation is enabled in respective of the indexed position. The output torque of the servo motor is limited at the time of clamping/unclamping the tool rest, thereby facilitating the clamping/unclamping operation.
Abstract: For controlling the locking of the rotatable tool holder of a tool turret, the angular position of the tool holder is determined by a rotating transmitter. The rotating transmitter is rotated corresponding to the rotary movement of a control and synchronization device. Digital signals are produced with the aid of the rotating transmitter. Each digital signal is associated with one angular position of those which may be selected. With each of these signals, the indicator is changed in those two angular positions of the control and synchronization device for locking and unlocking of the tool holder at each of its angular positions. The indicator is changed by the rotary movement of the device in one or the other direction out of the associated angular position and into the angular position associated with the locking of the tool holder. These rotary transmission signals are used to control the locking.
March 20, 1990
Date of Patent:
November 26, 1991
Sauter Feinmechanik GmbH
Willy Sauter, Helmut Thumm, Rainer Wahl, Dieter Widmann
Abstract: Apparatus for incrementally altering the position of an object. The apparatus incrementally rotatably advances a turret by sequentially displacing a plurality of plungers. Each plunger when displaced moves along a linear axis to slidably contact and move along a sloped surface on the turret to generate a lateral force which incrementally rotates the turret a desired distance.
Abstract: An automatic paper board tube reamer apparatus includes a tube index and feed assembly and a pair of tube end reamers. The reamers automatically simultaneously square the tube end surfaces and ream the internal diameter of each end of a tube aligned therewith by the feed assembly. The feed assembly automatically feeds the tube to the reamers and ejects the reamed tubes. The reamers and feed assembly operate alternatively and continuously to recycle damaged tubes fed thereto.
Abstract: A ridge spirally wound around an outer peripheral cam is held between each pair of followers of a rotatable body including a plurality of such followers planted therearound at equal intervals. The ridge of the outer peripheral cam consists of a gentle slope portion having a minute but substantial lead angle other than zero degree and steep slope portions having large lead angles and being continuous from the gentle slope portion at opposite ends thereof. The steep slope portions at opposite ends of the ridge are juxtaposed to each other in parallel relationship. The rotatable body is rotated at a high speed when the followers are engaged with the steep slope portions but rotated at a slow speed when the followers are engaged with the gentle slope portion of the ridge, as the outer peripheral cam is rotated. The output shaft is connected to the rotatable body. The outer peripheral cam is driven by a control motor adapted to be stopped at a desired angular position.
Abstract: A drum filter is disclosed mounted vertically within a tank which receives the liquid to be filtered. The drum is provided with inside and outside filter media layers and intermediate axially extending passages receiving filtered liquid flow, which is collected in a central tube extending vertically upward and adapted to be connected to a suction pump.A backwash arrangement includes a backwash flow passage directing flow successively through each of the axial passages as the drum is incrementally rotated about its axis.Collection troughs are positioned extending axially along the inside and outside periphery of the drum member so as to receive the backwashing flow and contaminants, with a flushing flow carrying off the contaminants from the tank for secondary filtration.The rotary indexing drive consists of a cylinder actuated ratchet drive with a sprocket wheel in engagement with a chain track located about the interior diameter of the drum member at its upper end.
Abstract: An angular divider device is described for worktables, toolholder turrets or the like, in which the number of positions of the subdivision is not predetermined and can be of any desired value, even of very small order such as 1.degree. or even less, without the necessity of positions constrained by mechanical arresting devices such as slots and associated latches, the exactness of the position achieved being determined by the coupling of basic fixed and movable crown gear wheels.
Abstract: The invention relates to a step drive assembly which includes a rotatable operating unit for operating a tool or knife or the like. The assembly has a change-over clutch for selectively connecting the operating unit to a continuously running motor or a brake. Control apparatus for the assembly includes a disk rotatable with the operating unit having teeth and spaces therebetween forming zones and a sensor unit for scanning the zones and outputting a pulse train. An evaluating circuit responsive to the pulse train outputs a positioned stop signal and an overload stop signal to effect a braking operation.
Abstract: An apparatus for angularly positioning a rotary member such as turn table, etc. by employing two separate motors. First motor is connected to drive the rotary member in a work operation and second servo motor is connected to drive the rotary member in a servo angular positioning movement. A power transmission mechanism is connected with the first motor to rotate the rotary member in the work operation and a coupling mechanism including a clutch therein is connected with the second motor to rotate the rotary member in the servo movement. A first detector is provided to detect a predetermined angular reference position of the clutch and a second detector is disposed to detect a predetermined reference position of the rotary member. Upon detection of the predetermined reference position of the rotary member, a locking device is actuated to stop the rotary member at the predetermined reference position and then the clutch is brought into engagement.
Abstract: A motion generating system in which multiple movements are to be generated with multiple interrelated elements or multiple movement paths generated by a given input. There is a primary input which drives an acceleration-deceleration device from one stopped dwell position to another stopped dwell position. Associated with the drive device is a primary output member with multiple output means mechanically associated therewith and shift means in the mechanism driven by the input member to selectively connect and disconnect one or more of each multiple output means relative to the primary output means. The connection and disconnection is designed always to occur during a dwell position of the primary output means.
Abstract: Stepping drive mechanism for converting a constant input rotatory movement to a linear movement of a given length accelerated first from zero, then continuing at constant velocity, and finally decelerated back to zero, in which the constant input rotatory movement introduced into the drive of the mechanism is transmitted to cylindrical driving cams having indexing grooves provided in their cylindrical circumferential surface, which are engaged by an indexing pin provided on a carrier component coupled with the drive of the mechanism. The indexing pin carrier component has the form of a circular disk mounted for rotation about its central axis, on each of whose opposite flat sides a driving cam is provided, one associated with the acceleration-deceleration phase and one with the constant-velocity linear movement phase. The cams each have an axis of rotation disposed at right angles to the central axis of the indexing pin carrier component, in whose indexing grooves an associated indexing pin engages.
Abstract: In an apparatus for manipulating workpieces in an electron beam drilling machine, workpieces are mounted on rotatable disks which in turn are mounted on a housing which is rotatable and translatable. Each disk, as a fixture holding the workpiece, is unlocked, rotated, and locked in a new position by the motion of a single driving member and associated elements. The single driving members associated with each workpiece indexing assembly are driven through a system of gears from a single central shaft which passes through the vacuum chamber wall to externally mounted actuators and controls.
Abstract: The kinetic energy of an intermittently movable work member is converted, independently of its main drive motor, to potential energy during deceleration of the work member as it approaches each of its dwell positions. During the initial portion of the next index step, the stored potential energy is imparted to the work member, again independently of the drive motor, to assist in the work member's acceleration and to reduce the demands on the drive motor. Since the energy storage and transfer occurs independently of the drive motor, armature current and temperature increase in the drive motor is minimized for any given performance level.
Abstract: An index apparatus for a rotary table comprises first and second index plates connected to a driving motor. First and second switches are provided for generating first and second signals in cooperation with the first and second index plates each time the rotary table is rotated a unit angle. Third signal generating circuit is connected to the first and second switches for generating third signals, each of which is generated when the second signal is generated and disappears when the first signal disappears. Control circuit is provided for counting the number of the third signals to thereby stop the rotary table at a desired angular position when the number reaches to a preset number.
Abstract: A tool turret according to the invention comprises a turret head which is shiftable between a rotational position and a working position, drive means adapted to rotate the turret head in the rotational position and being in permanent engagement with the turret head, fixation means for locking the turret head in the working position, and a transducer sensing the position of the turret head.The turret head is rotatable with respect to a non-rotary body which is axially displaceable with the turret head and which has a circumferential projection serving as a piston and being mounted axially displaceable in an annular recess serving as a cylinder and formed in a seat, receiving the body, of a member supporting the body. The projection and the annular recess cooperate with each other to ensure axial displacement of the body with the turret head between the rotational position and the working position.
Abstract: The invention pertains to rotary volumetric apparatus comprising a stationary framework and a rotary assembly mounted thereon. The rotary assembly includes a rotary shaft. The apparatus further includes a reciprocating drive engine and a driven member connected to the rotary shaft. A linkage system drivingly connects the driven member to the engine for rotation in a first direction upon reciprocating movement of the engine in a first directional mode and for rotation in a second direction opposite the first direction upon reciprocating movement of the engine in a second directional mode opposite the first mode. A clutch interconnects the driven member and the shaft and is operative upon rotation of the driven member in the first direction to cause rotation of the shaft therewith, and upon rotation of the driven member in the second direction, to permit relative rotation between the driven member and the shaft, whereby the shaft is rotated by the drive engine in temporally spaced increments.
Abstract: An indexing table assembly adapted to be mounted on a machine tool or other industrial machine, comprising first and second screw elements coaxially engaged with each other and mounted for movement along their axes, mechanism for moving said first screw element along its axis, a turntable connected to said second screw element and movable therewith, mechanism preventing said second screw element from being moved beyond a predetermined range, said mechanism for moving said first screw element comprising a cylindrical piston directly connected to said first screw element, a circular fluid chamber in which said cylindrical piston is mounted for movement, said cylindrical piston separating said chamber into first and second chambers, a source of pressurized fluid, a control valve for controlling the flow of pressurized fluid into either said first chamber or said second chamber with the result that when the pressurized fluid flows into said second chamber the first screw element is moved positively in one directi
Abstract: A rotary table is driven by a pair of perpendicularly disposed linear slides which are each driven by a ballscrew drive. One of the linear slides is mounted on the movable member of the other linear slide and is coupled to the rotary table by a crank stud. The linear slides are driven at speeds which vary in accordance with the sine and cosine of the table angle to translate the linear slide motion into rotary motion.
Abstract: An index apparatus for indexing a rotary table rotatably and vertically slidably received within a base, comprises a pair of coupling members secured to the rotary table and the base, respectively, and engageable with each other. The rotary table is lifted and lowered by a hydraulic actuator. The rotary table is rotated by a drive means including a drive motor. Generating means are provided to generate a signal each time the rotary table is rotated a unit angle. Control means are provided to reduce the rotational speed of the rotary table in response to the number of signals generated from the generating means, when the rotary table is rotated to a position spaced a predetermined angular distance from a desired angular position thereof. Control means also cause the rotation of the rotary table to stop in response to the number of signals from the generating means, when the rotary table is rotated to the desired angular position thereof.
Abstract: An indexing mechanism in which a workpiece to be machined by a tool is attachable to the end of a rotatable spindle that is driven by the reversible motor of a servomechanism to assume a desired angular position. Mounted on the spindle and rotatable therewith is one gear of a multiple-tooth face gear coupling pair, the second gear of which is axially advanced by a motor along the spindle into and out of meshing engagement with the first gear. The second gear is non-rotatable and acts, when in mesh with the first gear, to prevent rotation of the spindle and thereby lock the angular position of the workpiece.
Abstract: A change-speed gearbox has coaxial input and output shafts. Five intermediate shafts are equi-spaced around the input shaft and each has two gears fixed thereto, one of which meshes with a common gear on the input shaft, the intermediate shafts being movable axially.Five gears of different diameters are fixed to the output shaft around which five secondary shafts are carried by a rotatable cage. The five secondary shafts each have two gears fixed thereto, one of which meshes with a different one of the gears on the output shaft.Any one of a possible twenty five gear ratios between the input and output shafts may be obtained by rotating the cage until a selected one of the secondary shafts is in the same radial plane as a selected one of the intermediate shafts, that intermediate shaft then being moved axially to bring the second gear thereon into mesh with the second gear on the selected secondary shaft.
June 17, 1977
Date of Patent:
November 13, 1979
Masson Scott Thrissell Engineering, Ltd.
Abstract: An indexing mechanism having a base and a cyclical drive unit mounted on the base and connected through a connecting member to a driven member which is supported on and for movement relative to the base. The connecting member has a coupling arrangement thereon which is movable into and out of engagement with the driven member. A control is provided for effecting a simultaneous (1) coupling by the coupling arrangement of the drive member to the driven member and (2) driving of the driven member by the drive member in one direction and a simultaneous uncoupling of the coupling arrangement to (1) uncouple the drive member from the driven member and (2) to drive the drive member in an opposite direction relative to the driven member.
Abstract: An apparatus associated with a tire building mandrel for controlling the movements of certain machine members in the delivery and applying of tire building stock to said mandrel. The various types of stock used in the building of a tire are stored in a servicer machine and such stock may be withdrawn and delivered to a building drum or mandrel by an operator during the assembly of a tire. The present apparatus is adapted to control and stop the rotational movements of said drum member at various points in its path of travel thereby allowing the delivery of desired stock length to the building mandrel. The tire building drum may be stopped at different points or locations in its path of travel and with respect to its starting point, the arrangement of which may be determined by the length of amount of stock being withdrawn from the servicer machine or source of supply.
Abstract: A programming cam indexing mechanism in which a rotatable programming cam, provided with a peripheral traction surface and a concentric inwardly facing track having one or more notches therein to define indexed programming positions, is rotatably driven by a capstan coupled with a drive shaft, the capstan being supported by a latch member pivotal on the drive shaft axis. The latch member is integrally formed to define a follower bracket and tab engageable with the inwardly facing track surface on the programming cam to hold the capstan in engagement with the peripheral traction surface thereof but to allow the capstan to swing away from driving engagement with the traction surface when the follower bracket tab drops into the positioning notches. A spring biasing means is provided by which the follower bracket tab is moved into the notches to latch the programming cam in any one of the indexed positions. Movement out of the notches is effected by solenoid activation.
Abstract: A machine is disclosed which incorporates a timing control for modifying the timing of a starter for feeding work blanks to a forming station and which features a manual control for applying a supplementary rotary input into a spindle operated differential having an output drivingly connected to the starter for effecting a desired change in the timing of starter movements in relation to a circular die fixed to the spindle at the forming station. In addition, a starter drive selector is provided having a manual interlock for selectively adjusting the number of starter operations for each revolution of the spindle and its circular die.
Abstract: A rotary index table wherein a detent oscillating about the table axis of rotation is translated radially inwardly during indexing and retracted radially outwardly during the return stroke of the detent, both actions being accomplished through a positive acting toggle link arrangement. The positive detent engagement with the table during indexing prevents table overtravel, and a locking detent is utilized to produce final table orientation. The table also includes expansible chamber motor means axially translating the table into a frictional locking engagement with its base.
Abstract: A drilling machine capable of rapid change over for drilling different parts, and which has stations for simultaneously, or sequentially, drilling holes in a particular part. The unit includes means for positively positioning the part, and gripping the part, and rotating or indexing the part to different rotational positions for the drilling operation. Control means are utilized for positively and precisely positioning the part for the various drilling operations.
Abstract: A staging apparatus for positioning articles to be serviced along a limited work path relative to an associated work station such as a cutting apparatus. Articles to be cut are staged on support arms of a carrier. The apparatus is structured such that rotation and translation of the carrier will result in each article being sequentially moved into the work path, moved along the work path and cut, and then moved out of the work path. The carrier is rotated and translated along paths defined by channels in a guide and followed by a follower connected to the carrier.
December 19, 1974
Date of Patent:
April 13, 1976
International Business Machines Corporation
Abstract: A precision heavy duty indexer characterized in that the indexing member is hydraulically actuated to a locking position whereat it is locked to the indexer housing in desired precise indexed position without circumferential or radial play and without transmission of torque load to the indexer drive means or without transmission of radial load to the indexing member-housing bearings; and is hydraulically actuated to unlocking position whereat it is released from said housing for indexing movement and whereat it is engaged by said drive means operative to index the indexing member to the next indexed position. The indexer herein is further characterized in that the indexer drive means comprises a hydraulic motor driven worm which meshes with a worm wheel having driving engagement with said indexing member, said worm having a sensor-counter thereon to de-energize said hydraulic motor when the indexing member has been indexed through a predetermined angle from one indexed position to the next.