Harmonicas Patents (Class 84/377)
  • Patent number: 11017752
    Abstract: An attachment for a smart device having a touch screen displaying at least one interactive area thereon includes at least one port defining an air passageway therethrough and at least one actuator element disposed at least partially within the air passageway of each of the at least one ports. Each of the at least one actuator elements is configured to actuate upon a flow of air passing through the corresponding air passageway. Actuation of each of the at least one actuator elements causes an electrical interaction with one of the interactive areas of the touch screen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2021
    Inventor: Gordon J. Burrer
  • Patent number: 10796676
    Abstract: A wind instrument such as a harmonica has a mouthpiece with one or more air channels, an electric power source, and a means for generating an electrical output signal from strain gages exposed to airflow in the channels. First and second strain gages having variable flow-induced resistance are bonded to a flexible substrate and suspended within an air channel, which includes a divider shelf for directing a first airflow to the first strain gage and a second airflow to the second strain gage. Complimentary strain gages are mounted to an opposite side of the substrate for inverse flexure to enable temperature correction for the first and second strain gages. When a user forces air through a channel in a direction biased to one side of the divider shelf a difference signal is generated by the first and second strain gages and detected by comparing their outputs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Inventor: Ron L. Schille
  • Patent number: 10468002
    Abstract: A wind instrument such as a harmonica has a mouthpiece with one or more air channels, an electric power source, and a means for generating an electrical output signal from strain gages exposed to airflow in the channels. First and second strain gages having variable flow-induced resistance are bonded to a flexible substrate and suspended within an air channel, which includes a divider shelf for directing a first airflow to the first strain gage and a second airflow to the second strain gage. Complimentary strain gages are mounted to an opposite side of the substrate for inverse flexure to enable temperature correction for the first and second strain gages. When a user forces air through a channel in a direction biased to one side of the divider shelf a difference signal is generated by the first and second strain gages and detected by comparing their outputs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Inventor: Ron Lewis Schille
  • Patent number: 10369408
    Abstract: An attachment for a harmonica or a pulmonary harmonica may include a resistance band or modified comb which increases respiratory resistance from the typical open holes of harmonicas. The resistance band or modified comb may prevent a broken reed from being inhaled into the mouth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: HALCYON RESEARCH, INC.
    Inventors: Dana Kesslen Keller, Mary Lou Casadevall-Keller
  • Patent number: 10134371
    Abstract: A stroke adjustment device for a keyboard instrument, which can finely adjust key depression stroke and hammer stroke to obtain sufficient controllability of weak tones during musical performance and make the dynamic range even wider. This device includes a lifting mechanism for lifting up and down a keyboard pillow on which rear ends of keys are placed, an operation mechanism manually operated for driving the lifting mechanism, and a driving force transmission mechanism for transmitting a driving force generated by operation of the operation mechanism to the lifting mechanism. The lifting mechanism has a rotating shaft body rotatably provided below the keyboard pillow, vertically movable rack parts in mesh with gear portions that rotate in unison with the rotating shaft, and a lifting part extending over the rack parts and vertically moving in unison with the rack parts to lift up and down the keyboard pillow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA KAWAI GAKKI SEISAKUSHO
    Inventor: Hirotaka Higasa
  • Patent number: 10127898
    Abstract: Accumulated saliva, other liquid and/or debris is removed from the interior of a harmonica by placing the harmonica in a carrier and twirling the carrier in an orbital path. The saliva, other liquid and/or debris is ejected from the holes or the harmonica by centrifugal force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Inventor: Michael J Baron, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9263008
    Abstract: The present invention provides a harmonica having advanced functions and a simple structure, which can produce three fundamental chords in each of major and minor modes and which can be also used as a chromatic harmonica. The harmonica includes a pair of a blow reed and a draw reed in each of an upper part and a lower part of a hole and has four tone rows of a tone row for the upper blow reeds, a tone row for the upper draw reeds, a tone row for the lower blow reeds, and a tone row for the lower draw reeds. To three of the four tone rows are assigned three fundamental chords that each consist of four notes, and the remaining one tone row is used to supplement a note required to configure the chromatic scale.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Inventor: Katsuo Okano
  • Publication number: 20150107438
    Abstract: A harmonica with a tube plate that provides production of sweeter, clearer notes with a minimum of skill. The tube plate has a plurality of tubes and sits over the reeds and the comb under the cover plate, a tube coupled with each air chamber in the comb. The tubes form tunnels with the air chambers, enhancing reverberation and separating the sound waves emanating from the reed in each chamber. The tube plate can be added to a conventional harmonica. The harmonica has a plurality of reed units, each reed in a separate unit. Each reed unit is individually replaced when a reed requires replacement or when modification of the harmonica key is desired. The reed units can replace a reed plate in a conventional harmonica.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventor: Philip Sardo
  • Patent number: 9003659
    Abstract: A harmonica with a tube plate that provides production of sweeter, clearer notes with a minimum of skill. The tube plate has a plurality of tubes and sits over the reeds and the comb under the cover plate, a tube coupled with each air chamber in the comb. The tubes form tunnels with the air chambers, enhancing reverberation and separating the sound waves emanating from the reed in each chamber. The tube plate can be added to a conventional harmonica. The harmonica has a plurality of reed units, each reed in a separate unit. Each reed unit is individually replaced when a reed requires replacement or when modification of the harmonica key is desired. The reed units can replace a reed plate in a conventional harmonica.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Inventor: Philip Sardo
  • Patent number: 8993863
    Abstract: A harmonica with a tube plate that provides production of sweeter, clearer notes with a minimum of skill. The tube plate has a plurality of tubes and sits over the reeds and the comb under the cover plate, a tube coupled with each air chamber in the comb. The tubes form tunnels with the air chambers, enhancing reverberation and separating the sound waves emanating from the reed in each chamber. The tube plate can be added to a conventional harmonica. The harmonica has a plurality of reed units, each reed in a separate unit. Each reed unit is individually replaced when a reed requires replacement or when modification of the harmonica key is desired. The reed units can replace a reed plate in a conventional harmonica.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Inventor: Philip Sardo
  • Patent number: 8895825
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods and devices for attenuating sound emanating from a harmonica when played while practicing or performing by a player. The methods and devices include a sound blocking and reflecting means and, optionally, a sound absorbing means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Inventor: James F. Antaki
  • Patent number: 8847050
    Abstract: A harmonica with a tube plate that provides production of sweeter, clearer notes with a minimum of skill. The tube plate has a plurality of tubes and sits over the reeds and the comb under the cover plate, a tube coupled with each air chamber in the comb. The tubes form tunnels with the air chambers, enhancing reverberation and separating the sound waves emanating from the reed in each chamber. The tube plate can be added to a conventional harmonica. The harmonica has a plurality of reed units, each reed in a separate unit. Each reed unit is individually replaced when a reed requires replacement or when modification of the harmonica key is desired. The reed units can replace a reed plate in a conventional harmonica.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Inventor: Philip Sardo
  • Patent number: 8802949
    Abstract: A system for altering the pitch produced by a reed of a reeded instrument. The system comprises a reed having a first portion structured to be coupled to the instrument and a second portion generally free to vibrate and a magnet adjustably disposed adjacent the reed. The reed comprises a magnetic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Inventor: James F. Antaki
  • Patent number: 8802950
    Abstract: The harmonica according to the invention includes a comb or windchest supporting at least one reed plate on which are mounted sound reeds and a peripheral shell allowing to hold the harmonica, said shell including at least one cover plate. Each of its reed plates is sandwiched between the pressing face concerned of the comb and the corresponding cover plate by pressing means for bringing said cover plate closer to the comb between the mouthpiece face of the instrument and the pressing tabs on the side of the bell of the instrument.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Inventor: Jean-Claude Bibollet
  • Patent number: 8729373
    Abstract: The present cupping device attaches to the harmonica holder and provides a simulated cupping effect when the musician is playing the harmonica hands-free. The cupping device is generally a U-shaped elongate channel formed by bending a rigid sheet material to create a chamber. The elongate channel attaches to a harmonica holder and the open side of the elongate channel receives the back of a harmonica also mounted on the harmonica holder. Each end of the elongate channel is open to permit the ingress and egress of air while playing. A microphone may be clipped to one or both open ends and positioned within the elongate channel. The cupping device isolates the harmonica sound so that it can be amplified at higher volumes without feedback or interference.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Inventors: James Patrick Quealy, Dennis Quealy
  • Publication number: 20140053706
    Abstract: The present cupping device attaches to the harmonica holder and provides a simulated cupping effect when the musician is playing the harmonica hands-free. The cupping device is generally a U-shaped elongate channel formed by bending a rigid sheet material to create a chamber. The elongate channel attaches to a harmonica holder and the open side of the elongate channel receives the back of a harmonica also mounted on the harmonica holder. Each end of the elongate channel is open to permit the ingress and egress of air while playing. A microphone may be clipped to one or both open ends and positioned within the elongate channel. The cupping device isolates the harmonica sound so that it can be amplified at higher volumes without feedback or interference.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 21, 2012
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Inventors: James Quealy, Dennis Quealy
  • Patent number: 8653346
    Abstract: A harmonica is provided comprising a blow reed plate having a plurality of blow reeds, a draw reed plate having a plurality of draw reeds, and a comb having a plurality of air channels therein, wherein each blow reed and each draw reed corresponds to one of a plurality of musical tones, wherein the plurality of air channels are grouped into a first group of air channels and a second group of air channels, wherein blowing air through a first subset of the first group of air channels produces the musical tones of a first musical chord and drawing air from the first subset of the first group of air channels produces the musical tones of a second musical chord, and wherein blowing air through a first subset of the second group of air channels produces the musical tones of a third musical chord and drawing air from the first subset of the second group of air channels produces the musical tones of a fourth musical chord.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Inventor: John P. Schaman
  • Publication number: 20130276615
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods and devices for attenuating sound emanating from a harmonica when played while practicing or performing by a player. The methods and devices include a sound blocking and reflecting means and, optionally, a sound absorbing means.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2013
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Inventor: James F. Antaki
  • Patent number: 8431807
    Abstract: This invention is a self-contained, Blow and Draw harmonica-playing, music education device that displays for the student-user—immediately upon viewing the device's coverplates—the location and music symbols for 1./ all of the predetermined fixed music pitches which can be produced on the device (its primary scale—presenting the 1st level of instruction), 2./ one or more of the primary scale's related modal scales (its positions—the 2nd level of instruction) and, 3./ all of the additional non-fixed notes produced by the student-user through the playing techniques of bending & overblowing/overdrawing (the 3rd level of instruction)—with all three levels displayed by three separate sets of numeric music and air direction indicia located on the harmonica device's coverplates directly underneath or overtop their corresponding harmonica reed cavities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Inventor: Pierre G. T. Beauregard, IV
  • Publication number: 20130036893
    Abstract: A harmonica is provided comprising a blow reed plate having a plurality of blow reeds, a draw reed plate having a plurality of draw reeds, and a comb having a plurality of air channels therein, wherein each blow reed and each draw reed corresponds to one of a plurality of musical tones, wherein the plurality of air channels are grouped into a first group of air channels and a second group of air channels, wherein blowing air through a first subset of the first group of air channels produces the musical tones of a first musical chord and drawing air from the first subset of the first group of air channels produces the musical tones of a second musical chord, and wherein blowing air through a first subset of the second group of air channels produces the musical tones of a third musical chord and drawing air from the first subset of the second group of air channels produces the musical tones of a fourth musical chord.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventor: John P. SCHAMAN
  • Patent number: 8222506
    Abstract: A multimedia system for teaching how to play a harmonica and other musical instruments that graphically indicates a note to be sounded by using a letter symbol pointing to a hole on the harmonica. The symbol graphically indicates when to blow, when to draw, when to hold the note and when to use a slide when playing the note by using a plurality of graphical display modes and sounding the note in a correct manner. The system graphically cues a next note by displaying an indicator over the hole for the next note while pointing with the symbol to the currently played note. A display scrolls a plurality of tablature for the melody. The system runs on a cross-channel multimedia player on a plurality of operating systems that allows a sequence of notes to be selectively looped repeatedly, speeding up or slowing down the playing of a note sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Inventor: Philip Sardo
  • Patent number: 8217247
    Abstract: An adjustable chromatic harmonica incorporating an adjustable mouthpiece where, for each mouth-hole, the player's breath may be selectively connected to one or more available reed cells. This is by means of a rotatable cup-shaped valve, with an opening or port in its side, being mounted in each mouth-hole such that the port can be registered by rotation with one of a group of surrounding air ducts, each of which is connected to one or more reed cells in the body of the harmonica. In some embodiments an apertured slide is interposed between the mouthpiece and the body. In some embodiments devices are provided for rotating the valves in independent groups while the harmonica is being played. In embodiments where each group of mouth-holes can be independently adjusted, a large number of physical states is possible. Consequently, some embodiments have the capability of playing chromatic melodies and several common chord types in all twelve musical keys.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Inventor: Douglas Peter Horsley
  • Publication number: 20110303072
    Abstract: A system for altering the pitch produced by a reed of a reeded instrument. The system comprises a reed having a first portion structured to be coupled to the instrument and a second portion generally free to vibrate and a magnet adjustably disposed adjacent the reed. The reed comprises a magnetic material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2010
    Publication date: December 15, 2011
    Inventor: James F. Antaki
  • Patent number: 7989687
    Abstract: The blade-holder (3,4) for a harmonica according to the invention supporting at least one vibrating tonal blade (301, 401) comprises air-tightness means formed by side walls (301 L, 401 L) and an end wall (301 E, 401 E) extending in the continuation of the side faces and of the corresponding end face of the window through which the free part of the tonal blade concerned (301, 401) oscillates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Inventor: Jean-Claude Bibollet
  • Patent number: 7973229
    Abstract: Comb (1) for a wind instrument, in particular a harmonica, comprising a plurality of cavities (2) forming channels, the comb (1) being constructed from a plurality of thin strips (3) glued together, which extend with a longitudinal dimension (4) along a width (5) of the comb (1) and are cut from bamboo and joined together so that the longitudinal dimension (4) of the thin strips (3) in each case follows the alignment of the grain orientation (6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: Matth. Hohner AG
    Inventor: Arthur Chuang
  • Patent number: 7847172
    Abstract: The harmonica may include a cover, a comb, reed plates and reeds. In one embodiment, the harmonica may include an upper button and/or a lower button which may allow the cover to be removed from the comb. In another embodiment, the harmonica may include one or more side buttons which allow the cover to be removed from the comb. In another embodiment, the cover may be allowed to pivot relative to the comb so that the cover can be rotated away from the comb. In another embodiment, the harmonica may include one or more inserts and openings in the comb in order to improve the sound of the harmonica. In another embodiment, the harmonica may include one or more side vents which allow air to escape or to enter the harmonica which may improve the sound of the harmonica.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Inventor: Bradley A. Harrison
  • Publication number: 20100242706
    Abstract: Comb (1) for a wind instrument, in particular a harmonica, comprising a plurality of cavities (2) forming channels, the comb (1) being constructed from a plurality of thin strips (3) glued together, which extend with a longitudinal dimension (4) along a width (5) of the comb (1) and are cut from bamboo and joined together so that the longitudinal dimension (4) of the thin strips (3) in each case follows the alignment of the grain orientation (6).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2010
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Applicant: Math. Hohner AG
    Inventor: Arthur Chuang
  • Publication number: 20100236378
    Abstract: An adjustable chromatic harmonica incorporating an adjustable mouthpiece where, for each mouth-hole, the player's breath may be selectively connected to one or more available reed cells. This is by means of a rotatable cup-shaped valve, with an opening or port in its side, being mounted in each mouth-hole such that the port can be registered by rotation with one of a group of surrounding air ducts, each of which is connected to one or more reed cells in the body of the harmonica. In some embodiments an apertured slide is interposed between the mouthpiece and the body. In some embodiments means are provided for rotating the valves in independent groups while the harmonica is being played. In embodiments where each group of mouth-holes can be independently adjusted, a large number of physical states is possible. Consequently, some embodiments have the capability of playing chromatic melodies and several common chord types in all twelve musical keys.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2010
    Publication date: September 23, 2010
    Inventor: DOUGLAS PETER HORSLEY
  • Publication number: 20100000393
    Abstract: The blade-holder (3,4) for a harmonica according to the invention supporting at least one vibrating tonal blade (301, 401) comprises air-tightness means formed by side walls (301 L, 401 L) and an end wall (301 E, 401 E) extending in the continuation of the side faces and of the corresponding end face of the window through which the free part of the tonal blade concerned (301, 401) oscillates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2007
    Publication date: January 7, 2010
    Inventor: Jean-Claude Bibollet
  • Patent number: 7638698
    Abstract: The present invention is an apparatus which enables a harmonica to be removably attached to a string instrument such as a guitar without having to modify the physical aspects of the guitar and which retains the harmonica so that it can be immediately located and grasped into a playing condition so that a musician can play the guitar or other string instrument, immediately switch to playing the harmonica, and then return the harmonica to its location on the guitar and continue to play the guitar. More broadly defined, the present invention includes the concept of removably retaining a first musical instrument to a second musical instrument by a magnet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2009
    Inventor: Emilio T. Bellissimo
  • Publication number: 20090308223
    Abstract: The harmonica may include a cover, a comb, reed plates and reeds. In one embodiment, the harmonica may include an upper button and/or a lower button which may allow the cover to be removed from the comb. In another embodiment, the harmonica may include one or more side buttons which allow the cover to be removed from the comb. In another embodiment, the cover may be allowed to pivot relative to the comb so that the cover can be rotated away from the comb. In another embodiment, the harmonica may include one or more inserts and openings in the comb in order to improve the sound of the harmonica. In another embodiment, the harmonica may include one or more side vents which allow air to escape or to enter the harmonica which may improve the sound of the harmonica.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2008
    Publication date: December 17, 2009
    Inventor: Bradley A. Harrison
  • Patent number: 7465213
    Abstract: A wild game call has a single inlet passage into which a user blows to generate sounds that simulate the natural sounds produced by the particular animal being called or attracted. The call includes a splitter that splits the single air inlet passage into a plurality of outlet passages. The sound either is generated in the single air passage or passes into the single air passage from the user and is directed into the plurality of outlet passages to produce the final output sound from the call. The plurality of outlet passages can be configured to produce subtle differences in the sound passing through a passage to provide a combination of sounds more closely simulating the natural animal sound than can be produced in only a single outlet passage. Various sound chamber can be added to the outlet passages to modify the sound emanating from that passage in a desired manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2008
    Inventor: Troy T. Pribbanow
  • Patent number: 7417185
    Abstract: This invention allows for easy field-customization of mainstream and exotic electronic musical instruments, in isolation or in support of the easy creation of aggregated instruments. The invention further facilitates entirely new manufacturing, marketing, and sales paradigms permitting a broad range of open industry development and commerce, thus making an individual musician's creation of new exotic instrument arrangements an economically viable sector for both mass manufacturing and the niche cottage industry. New opportunities are provided for the creation of multiple-vendor standardizations, multiple-vendor manufacturing, multiple-vendor competitive features, etc. while offering the music equipment user and music industry as a whole access to an extensive range of instrument customization, diversification, and education. The principles of the invention thus create a rich environment for instrument, user, feature, music, and market.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2008
    Inventor: Lester F. Ludwig
  • Patent number: 7265286
    Abstract: A the harmonica includes a comb having a plurality of cell sets each including four subcells defined by cell walls and airflow partition walls, a plurality of mouthpiece openings disposed upstream or downstream of and registered with the corresponding cell sets in terms of flow of exhaled air or inhaled air, and a reed vibrating member having air passageways registered with the subcells, and a plurality of pairs of reeds registered with the subcells and are vibratile in the corresponding air passageways. When an air flow is evenly introduced into four subcells in one cell set through the corresponding mouth opening as a result of an inhaling or exhaling motion of the player to vibrate the four reeds in the corresponding cell set, four substantially the same notes of diatonic scales are produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2007
    Inventor: Hsiu-Hsiung Lin
  • Publication number: 20070180977
    Abstract: A breath controlled actuating device for actuating another transducer device, the actuating device having a pipe including a mouthpiece and a second end, a force converter located within the second end, the force converter for converting air blown into the device into movement of a ball housed within the force converter; and a cap assembly affixed to the second end, wherein when a force is applied to the mouthpiece, the force travels through the pipe and is applied to the force converter, thereby causing the ball to impact the cap assembly and actuating the other transducer device. A method of actuating a device by blowing into the above device, flowing the blown air through the pipe and into the force converter causing the force converter to move the ball, impacting the ball against the cap assembly, sensing the impact, and transmitting the impact signal to a transducer device to be actuated, thereby actuating the transducer device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 1, 2007
    Publication date: August 9, 2007
    Inventor: James A. O'Hara
  • Patent number: 7122729
    Abstract: A harmonica includes a comb with a plurality of cell sets each including alternately arranged first and second cells, a plurality of mouthpieces registered with the cell sets, a reed vibrating member having a plurality of reeds registered with the cells and configured to be vibrated by an air flow for producing a tone of either one of diatonic and chromatic scales, and a valve member with a plurality of valve units interposed between the mouthpieces and the cell sets and shiftable between diatonic and chromatic positions to block the air flow into the second and first cells, respectively, thereby allowing the player to play the notes of both diatonic and chromatic scales.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2006
    Inventor: Hsiu-Hsiung Lin
  • Patent number: 7091408
    Abstract: The JRT Harmonica Holder is a hands-free device for playing the harmonica and is made to fit in any typical microphone holder that is attached to a microphone stand. There are no springs, clamps, bolts or screws involved in order to install the JRT Harmonica Holder. The JRT Harmonica Holder is made out of poly vinyl chloride (pvc) and chlorinated poly vinyl chloride (cpvc) and is completely electrically shock proof. The JRT Harmonica Holder is 1 inch in width and makes it easy and clean to install other key harmonicas in seconds. Its design purpose is to enable a person to play more than one instrument at a time. A support plate for the microphone stand pedestal is designed to stabilize any backward motion which is a typical problem when a microphone stand is used for this purpose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2006
    Inventor: Jerry Real Thibodeau
  • Publication number: 20040123721
    Abstract: The Manual Valve Cover Plate for Diatonic harmonica allows for hands-free, foot-free engagement or disengagement of a valve at the player's discretion. Design, enhancement, and operation of the valve are disclosed. The purposes of the valve are to uncomplicate and to make available the processes of standard bending, over bending, and valved bending on one standard diatonic harmonica. Furthermore, such a device will not truncate any traditional diatonic harmonica playing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2002
    Publication date: July 1, 2004
    Applicant: William R. Vogtman III
    Inventor: William R. Vogtman
  • Patent number: 6664454
    Abstract: A musical instrument capable of producing the sound spectrum associated with a traditional Australian didjeridoo, but in a more compact and portable form. In certain embodiments, an air column follows a tortuous path between a mouthpiece, having an input orifice between about one to about one-and-one-half inches in diameter, and an exit port. The air column is housed within a body having a length. The ratio of length of the air column to the instrument body length is preferably greater than 1.5 to provide a compact instrument. The instrument may be manufactured tuned to a traditional key-scale note, and may include tone holes to play other fundamental notes. In certain embodiments, a vibrating membrane may be provided in sealed relation over one or more through-holes in the body to produce other sounds of which a traditional didjeridoo is incapable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Inventor: Mark A. Johnson
  • Patent number: 6635814
    Abstract: Harmonica structures designed for enhancing harmonica play are disclosed. In one aspect, a reed comb is provided with a common bridge having reeds formed integrally therewith. The reed plate has a plurality of reed slots formed therein and is adapted to receive the reeds of the reed comb into corresponding slots formed in the reed plate. A stepped portion formed in the reed plate is adapted to receive a reed of the reed comb therein to permit substantial encasement of the reed within the reed slot. A key benefit of this arrangement is to resist leakage of air between the reed plate and the flanks of the reed during harmonica play. The reed plate can also include a first stepped portion upon which the roots of the reeds are positioned and a second stepped portion positioned adjacent to the tips of the reeds. Other structures are disclosed that include a radiused surface formed on a portion of the reed or on the surface of the reed slot in which the reed is positioned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Inventor: James F. Antaki
  • Publication number: 20030154844
    Abstract: Vertical mouthpiece motion replaces the traditional chromatic harmonica's slide valve function and eliminates the valve as a source of air leakage, friction, and sticking. Because the player's mouth pushes a movable mouthpiece between an upper and a lower position with respect to the attached chromatic harmonica, the use of the player's hands is unnecessary. In the upper position, the row of air holes conducts the player's breath through an upper row of reed chambers. In the lower position, the same air holes conduct the player's breath through a lower row of reed chambers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2002
    Publication date: August 21, 2003
    Inventor: W. Vernon Smith
  • Patent number: 6518489
    Abstract: An improved comb for a harmonica including one or more check valves mounted within the comb for improving performance and tonality and simplifying construction. The use of check valves mounted over valve slots has been previously disclosed as a method of increasing the musical range and volume of the instrument. This invention incorporates check valves but locates them within the comb of the harmonica. By placing all the check valves within the comb, construction of the harmonica is greatly simplified, air loss between various components is greatly decreased, and check valves are removed from close proximity with reeds thereby decreasing interference with the reeds, increasing volume and performance, and increasing the resonance of overtones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2003
    Inventor: William R. Epping
  • Publication number: 20020157519
    Abstract: An improved comb for a harmonica including one or more check valves mounted within the comb for improving performance and tonality and simplifying construction. The use of check valves mounted over valve slots has been previously disclosed as a method of increasing the musical range and volume of the instrument. This invention incorporates check valves but locates them within the comb of the harmonica. By placing all the check valves within the comb, construction of the harmonica is greatly simplified, air loss between various components is greatly decreased, and check valves are removed from close proximity with reeds thereby decreasing interference with the reeds, increasing volume and performance, and increasing the resonance of overtones.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2001
    Publication date: October 31, 2002
    Inventor: William R. Epping
  • Patent number: 6462261
    Abstract: A harmonica (2) has a body (4) with holes (16) in a front edge thereof through which air can be blown or drawn to vibrate reeds (8, 9) mounted to and under box-like cavities (5) in the body and produce sound; covers (15, 15) create chambers from which sounds exits at the rear (arrow A). At least one microphone (20) is mounted in the rear of the body, facing away from the reeds (8, 9) and in the direction in which the sound travels to amplify the sound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2002
    Inventor: Richard Smith
  • Publication number: 20020069745
    Abstract: Harmonica structures designed for enhancing harmonica play are disclosed. In one aspect, a reed comb is provided with a common bridge having reeds formed integrally therewith. The reed plate has a plurality of reed slots formed therein and is adapted to receive the reeds of the reed comb into corresponding slots formed in the reed plate. A stepped portion formed in the reed plate is adapted to receive a reed of the reed comb therein to permit substantial encasement of the reed within the reed slot. A key benefit of this arrangement is to resist leakage of air between the reed plate and the flanks of the reed during harmonica play. The reed plate can also include a first stepped portion upon which the roots of the reeds are positioned and a second stepped portion positioned adjacent to the tips of the reeds. Other structures are disclosed that include a radiused surface formed on a portion of the reed or on the surface of the reed slot in which the reed is positioned.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2002
    Publication date: June 13, 2002
    Inventor: James F. Antaki
  • Patent number: 6359204
    Abstract: Harmonica structures designed for enhancing harmonica play are disclosed. In one aspect, a reed comb is provided with a common bridge having reeds formed integrally therewith. The reed plate has a plurality of reed slots formed therein and is adapted to receive the reeds of the reed comb into corresponding slots formed in the reed plate. A stepped portion formed in the reed plate is adapted to receive a reed of the reed comb therein to permit substantial encasement of the reed within the reed slot. A key benefit of this arrangement is to resist leakage of air between the reed plate and the flanks of the reed during harmonica play. The reed plate can also include a first stepped portion upon which the roots of the reeds are positioned and a second stepped portion positioned adjacent to the tips of the reeds. Other structures are disclosed that include a radiused surface formed on a portion of the reed or on the surface of the reed slot in which the reed is positioned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2002
    Inventor: James F. Antaki
  • Patent number: 6342662
    Abstract: A tune changeable panpipe without harming the lips of a player includes a slightly arcuate alignment blow pipes lateral combined with each other and a plurality of sound pipes of different lengths and different diameters engaged with the bottom of the blow pipes on one by one basis from a longest one gradually to a shortest one. This disclosure is characterized in that each of the blow pipes has a smooth slope adjacent a mouthpiece without harming the lips of the players and a plurality of spare sound pipe are prepared to replace with those in the blow pipe in order to change the scale of music.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2002
    Inventor: Yin-Yao Chang
  • Publication number: 20020000154
    Abstract: Harmonica structures designed for enhancing harmonica play are disclosed. In one aspect, a reed comb is provided with a common bridge having reeds formed integrally therewith. The reed plate has a plurality of reed slots formed therein and is adapted to receive the reeds of the reed comb into corresponding slots formed in the reed plate. A stepped portion formed in the reed plate is adapted to receive a reed of the reed comb therein to permit substantial encasement of the reed within the reed slot. A key benefit of this arrangement is to resist leakage of air between the reed plate and the flanks of the reed during harmonica play. The reed plate can also include a first stepped portion upon which the roots of the reeds are positioned and a second stepped portion positioned adjacent to the tips of the reeds. Other structures are disclosed that include a radiused surface formed on a portion of the reed or on the surface of the reed slot in which the reed is positioned.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2000
    Publication date: January 3, 2002
    Inventor: James F. Antaki
  • Patent number: 6326532
    Abstract: An improved harmonica is disclosed that includes a plurality of reeds and means operatively associated with at least one of the reeds that converts the mechanical vibration of the reed into electrical energy. The electrical signals are obtained and processed by a sensor board having sensors positioned thereon that correspond to the plurality of reeds on the reed plates of the harmonica. A variety of types and configurations for these sensors are provided. In addition, a piezoelectric material can be employed in conjunction with the reeds to alter the characteristics of their mechanical vibration during harmonica play. The sensor board or boards of the harmonica can be electrically coupled to auxiliary signal conditioning equipment, such as stereo equipment or conventional amplification equipment to further enhance play. Methods for retrofitting a commercially available harmonica with at least one sensor board are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2001
    Inventor: James F. Antaki
  • Patent number: 6291751
    Abstract: Enclosures for a harmonica are disclosed wherein the wall of the enclosure surrounds the harmonica, provides a mouthpiece opening and an outlet opening, and forms at least one resonance chamber. A lip groove, a bulge, a cradle and a diffuser are disclosed forming a saddle-shaped surface which is concave along a front-to-back axis and convex around the ends of the enclosure. A key benefit of this arrangement is the improved control of the sound by the player's hands. Another key benefit of this arrangement is the enhanced tone and increased loudness of the sound produced by the harmonica. Supporting members are disclosed that constrain movement of the harmonica relative to the enclosure. Single-piece and multi-piece enclosures are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2001
    Inventor: James F. Antaki