Feeding Devices Patents (Class 86/45)
  • Patent number: 10247499
    Abstract: An ammunition management device is disclosed herein. In an embodiment, the ammunition management device includes a hopper, an agitator, a body supporting the hopper and agitator, and one or more actuators. The body defines an opening configured to receive an end of a gun magazine. The agitator is operable to agitate ammunition units in the hopper. The ammunition units are forced into the gun magazine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: MagPump, LLC
    Inventors: Luther Cifers, Kenneth P. Green
  • Patent number: 9267775
    Abstract: Bullet feed die assemblies include a case retention station operable to retain the case in a position defining a columnar space above a casemouth of the case, the columnar space defining a primary axis, a bullet insertion facility aligned with the primary axis, the case retention station and bullet insertion facility being relatively movable with respect to each other along the axis between a first separated position and a second proximate position, the bullet insertion facility including a stem aligned with the primary axis, the stem having a lower end operable to press the bullet into a mouth of the case, and the lower end of the stem being laterally movable such that a bullet pushes the stem aside upon entering the columnar space. The bullet insertion facility may include a support element on the primary axis, and the stem may be pivotally connected to the support element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: HORNADY MANUFACTURING COMPANY
    Inventor: Nicholas Noel Kleinschmit
  • Patent number: 8720289
    Abstract: A loading machine for feeding a receiver includes, but is not limited to, a drum cam that is configured to rotate. The drum cam includes, but is not limited to, a first cam path, and a second cam path. A rammer subassembly is positioned proximate the drum cam. The rammer subassembly includes, but is not limited to, a first member that is configured to engage the first cam path and to move longitudinally with respect to the drum cam upon a rotation of the drum cam, and a second member that is configured to telescopically engage the first member and further configured to engage the second cam path and telescopically move with respect to the first member upon the rotation of the drum cam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: William E. Howard, Robert C. Hinkley, Victor J. Forrester
  • Patent number: 8707845
    Abstract: A bullet feeding device has an expandable collet insertable into a die body. The die body receives bullets from a source and directs the bullets to the expandable collet. The expandable collet restricts the passage of the bullet through the die body until the mouth of a cartridge case is inserted into the die body opposite the bullet. The mouth of the cartridge case causes the expandable collet to expand and allow the single bullet to pass through the expandable collet and be placed in the mouth of the cartridge case. As the completed cartridge is drawn from the die body, the expandable collet and prevents the passage of additional bullets until a new cartridge case is inserted. The bullet feeding device may accept bullets of different lengths and shapes. The collet is interchangeable with expandable collets of other sizes to be compatible with bullets of different sizes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Alliant Techsystems Inc.
    Inventors: Steven J. Koch, Ronald L. Smith
  • Patent number: 8661959
    Abstract: A bullet-orienting system applies bullets to a feed tube from a source of bullets. The bullets each have a tip-end and a base-end. The bullet-orienting system includes a bullet conveyance that conveys bullets, in tip-end-down and tip-end-up orientations, from a source of bullets to a feed tube along a bullet conveyance path. A bullet-orienting structure comprising a block, a nose guide forming a ledge, a groove, and a tapered opening, and a ramp is disposed proximate the bullet conveyance path. For each tip-end-up oriented bullet, the bullet-orienting structure interacts with the tip-end-up bullet and flips the tip-end-up bullet relative to the bullet conveyance from the tip-end-up orientation to the tip-end-down orientation prior to application to the feed tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Inventor: Richard Koskela
  • Publication number: 20130125737
    Abstract: A bullet-orienting system applies bullets to a feed tube from a source of bullets. The bullets each have a tip-end and a base-end. The bullet-orienting system includes a bullet conveyance that conveys bullets, in tip-end-down and tip-end-up orientations, from a source of bullets to a feed tube along a bullet conveyance path. A bullet-orienting structure comprising a block, a nose guide forming a ledge, a groove, and a tapered opening, and a ramp is disposed proximate the bullet conveyance path. For each tip-end-up oriented bullet, the bullet-orienting structure interacts with the tip-end-up bullet and flips the tip-end-up bullet relative to the bullet conveyance from the tip-end-up orientation to the tip-end-down orientation prior to application to the feed tube.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 23, 2011
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Inventor: Richard A. Koskela
  • Patent number: 8276494
    Abstract: Bullet feed die assemblies include a die defining an interior passage that encloses a first collet and a second collet. The first collet defines a first bullet passage bore, and the second collet defines a second bullet passage bore. The first collet and the second collet are positioned coaxially within the interior bore of the die. The collets are operably engaged to generate bore expansion of one of the bullet passage bores and bore restriction of the other bullet passage bore upon application of an axial force to the collets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2012
    Assignee: Hornady Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Gregory Lee Palkowitsh
  • Patent number: 8122808
    Abstract: A bullet feeding device having an expandable collet insertable into a die body. The die body is capable of receiving bullets from a source and directing the bullets to the expandable collet. The expandable collet restricts the passage of the bullet through the die body until the mouth of a cartridge case is inserted into the die body opposite the bullet. The mouth of the cartridge case causes the expandable collet to expand and allow the single bullet to pass through the expandable collet and be placed in the mouth of the cartridge case. As the completed cartridge is drawn from the die body, the expandable collet contracts above the tip of the bullet and prevents the passage of additional bullets until a new cartridge case is inserted. The expandable collet is capable of accepting bullets of different lengths and shapes. In addition, the expandable collet is easily interchangeable with expandable collets of other sizes to be compatible with bullets of different diameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: Alliant Techsystems Inc.
    Inventors: Steven J. Koch, Ronald L. Smith
  • Publication number: 20100275762
    Abstract: A bullet feeding device having an expandable collet insertable into a die body. The die body is capable of receiving bullets from a source and directing the bullets to the expandable collet. The expandable collet restricts the passage of the bullet through the die body until the mouth of a cartridge case is inserted into the die body opposite the bullet. The mouth of the cartridge case causes the expandable collet to expand and allow the single bullet to pass through the expandable collet and be placed in the mouth of the cartridge case. As the completed cartridge is drawn from the die body, the expandable collet contracts above the tip of the bullet and prevents the passage of additional bullets until a new cartridge case is inserted. The expandable collet is capable of accepting bullets of different lengths and shapes. In addition, the expandable collet is easily interchangeable with expandable collets of other sizes to be compatible with bullets of different diameters.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2009
    Publication date: November 4, 2010
    Applicant: ALLIANT TECHSYSTEMS INC.
    Inventors: Steven J. Koch, Ronald L. Smith
  • Patent number: 7694618
    Abstract: An ammunition primer installation device is attachable to an ammunition reloading press and uses a sliding and rotating finger trigger attached to a primer transporting slide to receive a primer from a supply trough and transport the primer to position above a primer cup on an ammunition reloading press and a trigger actuated plunger to push the primer from the device into the primer cup while maintaining the proper primer orientation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Assignee: Lee Precision, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard Lee
  • Patent number: 7552668
    Abstract: Rotary bullet feeder and toolhead assemblies for use with commercially available progressive cartridge reloading machines automatically supply correctly-oriented bullets to a bullet seating die position thereof. The rotary bullet feeder assembly randomly collects hoppered bullets in a desired orientation in a multiplicity of bullet pockets formed along the peripheral edge of a rotating bullet feed ring. An arcuate bullet wall prevents gravitational release of the bullets contained in the bullet pockets until each of the bullet pockets, in turn, reaches the apex point along its circular route of travel, at which point an opening in the bullet wall allows a bullet to fall into a bullet guide for gravitational descent to a toolhead assembly. The toolhead assembly includes a toolhead plate for receiving the rotary bullet feeder assembly and a flat circular bullet feedwheel mounted for rotation on the underside of the toolhead plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2009
    Inventor: Xavier G. Gonzalez
  • Patent number: 7549364
    Abstract: Bullet feeder apparatus includes a fixture bounding a bullet-conducting passage therethrough, and a gate mounted to the fixture for movement between a closed position closing the bullet-conducting passage preventing a bullet from passing therethrough, and an open position opening the bullet-conducting passage allowing the bullet to pass therethrough into an open end of a shell. A bias applied to the gate biases the gate into the closed position. A deflector is mounted proximate the fixture for movement between a first position whereby the deflector is disposed away from the gate and the bias applied to the gate biases the gate in the closed position thereof closing the bullet-conducting passage, and a second position whereby the deflector is disposed toward and against the gate overcoming the bias applied thereto deflecting the gate from the closed position thereof to the open position thereof opening the bullet-conducting passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Inventor: Richard A. Koskela
  • Patent number: 7497155
    Abstract: Bullet feeder apparatus includes a fixture bounding a bullet-conducting passage therethrough, and a gate mounted to the fixture for movement between a closed position closing the bullet-conducting passage preventing a bullet from passing therethrough, and an open position opening the bullet-conducting passage allowing the bullet to pass therethrough into an open end of a shell. A bias applied to the gate biases the gate into the closed position. A deflector is mounted proximate the fixture for movement between a first position whereby the deflector is disposed away from the gate and the bias applied to the gate biases the gate in the closed position thereof closing the bullet-conducting passage, and a second position whereby the deflector is disposed toward and against the gate overcoming the bias applied thereto deflecting the gate from the closed position thereof to the open position thereof opening the bullet-conducting passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2009
    Inventor: Richard A. Koskela
  • Patent number: 6516697
    Abstract: An improved spent shell carriage container, storage and dispensing hopper system provides two structures which can be added to a standard sized bucket, one structure through direct mounting and the other through drop insertion, to produce a spent shell carriage container and dispensing hopper. The direct mounting structure is simply a latch to hold a lower portion of the drop in structure in the closed position. The drop in structure includes a first member which can be shaped to gather support from the inside of the bucket to provide an angled approach to a second member acting as a door. The second member is sized as a partial cup to prevent, limit and stabilize the spent shells appearing and passing through the opening so that a hand sized accumulation will be available for quick manual engagement and loading on the reloading equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2003
    Inventor: John Cardenas
  • Publication number: 20020121184
    Abstract: An automatic bullet feeding mechanism for feeding one bullet at a time into a cartridge casing. The bullet feeding mechanism includes a drop tube that is moveably mounted within an outer sleeve. A pair of cooperating catches are operative to engage and hold a stack of bullets within the drop tube and to release one bullet at a time, the released bullet dropping down into the underlying cartridge casing. To actuate the pair of cooperating catches, the cartridge casing to be filled is moved into engagement with the drop tube and moves the drop tube within the outer sleeve. The movement of the drop tube causes an actuator assembly to operate the pair of cooperating latches which in turn results in one bullet from the stack falling through the drop tube into the underlying cartridge casing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2001
    Publication date: September 5, 2002
    Inventor: Malcolm R. Fowler
  • Patent number: 6073533
    Abstract: The present invention is a shot caddy having a cover and a slide valve. Shot is stored in the cylindrical housing until it is needed. The slide valve is opened by the user thereby allowing shot to flow in a controlled manner into another container. A baffle is contained within the cylindrical housing to meter the flow of shot. The shot caddy may be mounted on a wall with a key mounted on the cylindrical housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2000
    Inventor: Jerry R. Brandon
  • Patent number: 6041687
    Abstract: An automatic bullet feeding mechanism is intended for use with a typical rifle or pistol cartridge reloading machine. More particularly, the bullet feeding mechanism of the present invention includes a generally cylindrical main housing which is adapted to be received within the main frame structure of the reloading machine. A reservoir attached to the upper end of the mechanism provides the main housing with a continuous supply of bullets. A pivoting lever arm, which includes a lower catch finger, is adapted to be received and mounted within a generally vertical groove formed in one side housing cylinder. Opposing the pivoting lever arm is an upper catch slide assembly which is movably mounted within a second generally vertical groove formed in the other side of the housing cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2000
    Inventor: Malcolm Fowler
  • Patent number: 5831197
    Abstract: A device and method for loading primers into primer receptacles of a rectilinear primer holder strip. The device includes an elongated track for longitudinally guiding the primer strip through a primer loading station. The primer strip includes a series of longitudinally aligned receptacles, each of which is designed to hold a primer in an interference fit that prevents dislodgement of the primer from the strip. Each primer strip also has a plurality of laterally extending castellations including teeth and depressions that slide on a ledge within the track. The track of the loading device is of substantially the same width as the strip, such that the strip slides through the track. A primer delivery slot in the device delivers a primer into the track, and a pressure application device is positioned to press the primer into a target primer receptacle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1998
    Assignee: Blount, Inc.
    Inventors: Eugene F. Bill, Fred B. Blodgett, Jerry D. Brand, Steven J. Koch, Lester V. Rodriques, Alan D. Schufeldt, Steven R. Shields, Ronald L. Smith
  • Patent number: 5767433
    Abstract: A holder for feeding components, such as primers or bullets, into a reloading machine is disclosed. The component holder is an elongate strip having notched longitudinal margins for indexing the strip as it progresses through the reloading machine. The strip includes a plurality of receptacles for holding components. Each receptacle has an inner surface that is a combination of a cylindrical portion, a prismatical portion, and a transition portion which cooperate to allow easy loading of the component into the strip and which firmly holds the component in place. The holder also includes an engagement portion so that successive holders may be ganged together to provide a continuous component holder for continuous reloading operations. A tape is applied to at least one side of the holder to cover the component held therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1998
    Assignee: Blount, Inc.
    Inventors: Eugene F. Bill, Fred B. Blodgett, Arthur F. Peters, Kurt Ranft, Lester V. Rodrigues, Ronald L. Smith, Donald A. Zuck
  • Patent number: 5763810
    Abstract: A device for feeding bullets to an ammunition reloading press. A bullet guide member in the device has a vertical bore for allowing bullets to descend by gravity from a stack of bullets in a storage tube one at a time to a small platform. A feeder body is mounted for reciprocating vertically on the guide member and a shuttle is mounted for sliding horizontally relative to the feeder body between a retracted position on the body to a fully advanced position where the bullet picked up from the platform by grippers on the shuttle is aligned with a bullet seating tool and with an ammunition case that is moving upward with the ram of the press. Continuing upward movement of the ram causes the case to be pushed slightly onto the bullet and ultimately the mechanism that moves the shuttle out an in, the feeder body and shuttle rise so the bullet begins to enter the seating die.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1998
    Assignee: Lee Precision, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard J. Lee
  • Patent number: 5747718
    Abstract: A device and method for loading components into holders used in cartridge case reloading machinery is disclosed. The loading device includes a tray that receives and orients reloading components such as primers. The tray includes a strip receptacle which receives and positions a component holder while components are oriented by the tray and moved into position into receptacles in the component holder. The components are forced into the component holder by manual pressure, a roller, or a lever actuated bar. After the components are pressed into the component holder, the holder may be removed from the loading device and used in reloading machinery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1998
    Assignee: Blount, Inc.
    Inventors: Eugene F. Bill, Fred B. Blodgett, Jerry D. Brand, Steven J. Koch, Lester V. Rodriques, Alan D. Schufeldt, Steven R. Shields, Ronald L. Smith
  • Patent number: 5723806
    Abstract: An accessory for retrofitting a shotgun shell reloader to convert the reloader to one capable of reloading shell casings with two different sizes of shot. The accessory has a funnel gear which replaces a shot gear and a shot bushing on the reloader. The remainder of the accessory attaches to a shot baffle provided on the reloader, thereby replacing a shot tube provided on the reloader. A base of the accessory secures to the shot baffle and a collar opening communicates between the shot baffle located below the base and a rotatable flattened cylinder located above the base. The flattened cylinder is reciprocated by an accessory arm which secures to a reciprocating lever on the reloader. An accessory top assembly secures to the base thereby sandwiching the flattened cylinder therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1998
    Inventor: Joel M. Odom
  • Patent number: 5351596
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are provided for introducing a flammable powder such as red phosphorus into a hot melt such as an extrudable polymer which is in motion at the point of introduction of the flammable powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1994
    Assignee: Albright & Wilson Limited
    Inventors: Francis F'Emi Agunloye, Allistair S. Cox, Eric H. Foakes
  • Patent number: 5335578
    Abstract: The present invention provides a retrofitting shell feeding attachment for shotgun shell reloading machines. The invention includes a declined tray held by a forked tray support, a funnel tube member leading from a discharge port located in the tray, and a feed tube leading from the funnel tube member and into a plunger block device. The plunger block device uses a linkage mechanism joined to a shell sliding member to automatically translate the vertical reciprocating motion of a plate member on the machine into sequential horizontal motions for sliding the shells discharging from the feed tube into proper loading position underneath the plate member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 9, 1994
    Inventors: Paul R. Lorden, Edward L. Bonham
  • Patent number: 5335577
    Abstract: A one-shot thermal fuse mounted directly on the casing of a centrifugal pump to prevent overheating and concentration of ammonium nitrate. The thermal fuse is screwed into a standard pipe coupling welded to a designated location on the pump casing. The thermal fuse has an electrical contact connected in the pump control circuit. A compressed spring is prevented from urging the electrical contact into an open position by a pellet of fusible material which is designed to melt at a desired threshold temperature below the temperature at which ammonium nitrate explodes. If the heat produced by the pump melts the pellet of fusible material, the spring is released, thereby opening the electrical contact and shutting off the pump. Alternatively, the temperature-sensitive element mounted on the pump casing can be a thermocouple or a temperature switch having a bimetallic element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 9, 1994
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Steven J. Babb, John L. Harmon
  • Patent number: 5251531
    Abstract: In the production of monobasic propellant charge powders with alcohol and ether as solvents there is the risk of ether bubbles forming in the propellant charge powder material, and those bubbles greatly reduce the quality of the propellant charge powder. The invention provides for cooling the propellant charge powder material prior to its leaving the extruder. To accomplish that, the extruder head (4) is provided with a cooling means. The invention is especially well suited for use in the preparation of monobasic propellant charge powders with alcohol and ether as solvents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 12, 1993
    Assignee: WNC-Nitrochemie GmbH
    Inventor: Wolfgang Miehling
  • Patent number: 5179243
    Abstract: The present invention provides an automatic feed mechanism for the assembly of ammunition. Ammunition is assembled in the feed mechanism by the joining of bullets with their respective shell casings, one at a time. The automatic feed mechanism is utilized in conjunction with a progressive reloading press. The automatic feed mechanism comprises a replaceable feed tube having a precise bore. The bore is designed to accommodate the free fall of a single bullet of a given caliber for precise alignment with a shell casing of the same caliber. The precision of this alignment stems from the precise bore tolerance for a given bullet caliber, with the union of the bullet and the shell casing only under the influence only of gravitational forces. Should it be desired to join a bullet of another caliber with a shell casing of the same or different caliber, the feed tube is easily removed and replaced by one having the proper dimensions and internal bore to assemble the new ammunition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1993
    Inventor: George Schroeder
  • Patent number: 5056435
    Abstract: An infrared illuminant composition and flares produced therefrom having increased burn rate and increased infrared intensity while maintaining low visible light intensity. The composition comprises potassium nitrate, cesium nitrate, hexamine, boron, silicon, ferric oxide and a binder. A process to produce infrared illuminant flares prevents or substantially eliminates chunking out of burning pieces of the illuminant at pressing increments in the flares.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1991
    Inventors: Leon L. Jones, Daniel B. Nielson
  • Patent number: 4915883
    Abstract: An annular bayonet vacuum cup allows a vacuum to be pulled on an annular bayonet and the bayonet to be filled with propellant that is devoid of air. The vacuum cup is transparent/translucent and allows the propellant to be seen as it leaves the exit end of the bayonet. This alerts an operator to cut off the vacuum pressure thereby to keep the excess of propellant flow to a minimum, which excess drops into the vacuum cup and is prevented from contaminating the vacuum line. The vacuum cup is disposable (an O-ring sealing ring being reusable) and eliminates propellant clean-up.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 10, 1990
    Assignee: Morton Thiokol, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard E. Morgan
  • Patent number: 4817491
    Abstract: An apparatus for a firearm ammunition hand loader. The apparatus provides for the installation of gas checks onto the base of a cast bullet, and sizing and lubricating of the bullet with the gas check on. This is achieved by use of an index table that provides, in a progressive, continuous action, the mounting of the gas check and the sizing and lubrication of the bullet with the gas check mounted thereon, with greater ease and speed than previously known single stage operating devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Inventor: Arthur Fenton
  • Patent number: 4766798
    Abstract: To permit automatic ejection of shells in a progressive shell loader, a cam is mounted near the turret holding the shells. As the carriage is raised and lowered, two pawls and an index wheel turn it so that the shells advance toward a final station. Immediately prior to the final station, the cam engages a spring-biased lever to cause it to eject the reloaded shell. The pawls engage camming surfaces formed on the bottom of a single-piece index wheel to turn it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 30, 1988
    Assignee: Hornady Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Donald M. David, Melvin R. Holmes, Larry E. Hoback, Ronnie L. Reiber
  • Patent number: 4766799
    Abstract: An elongated flexible bag is fitted inside templates that have aligned openings therein corresponding in shape to that desired for a solid rocket motor propellant bore. With the bottom sealed, the bag is filled with a multiplicity of solid pieces each having a cross section substantially less than that of the bag. When filled, suction is applied to the bag by a vacuum needle to exhaust air therefrom until the bag is very tight on the solid pieces contained therein. The vacuum needle is then withdrawn, the hole made thereby is sealed, and the templates are removed from the bag. After use in loading a solid rocket motor with propellant, the bag is cut open, the solid pieces are removed, and the bag is peeled out of the bore in the propellant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 30, 1988
    Assignee: Morton Thiokol, Inc.
    Inventor: Martin T. Olliff
  • Patent number: 4736667
    Abstract: A speed-loading device comprising a container having an interior chamber and a discharge opening leading from the chamber to the exterior of the container. The container has a storage section in the chamber for storing cartridges in side-by-side relationship and an orienting section in the chamber between the opening and the storage section. The container can be oriented so that the cartridges in the chamber can fall by gravity from the storage section through the orienting section and out through the discharge opening. A removable blocking member blocks the flow of cartridges out through the discharge opening. The orienting section rotates the cartridges as they fall through the orienting section toward the discharge opening so that the cartridges fall end first through the discharge opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1988
    Inventors: Rudolph J. Kochevar, Donald M. Kelly
  • Patent number: 4718319
    Abstract: The casings are guided through a supply duct to a sorting roller which possesses an arresting duct with a pin extending axially and, in the same cross-sectional plane, a transit duct. Those casings which arrive with the casing base directed upwardly penetrate into the arresting duct, with the case base resting on the free end of the pin. On subsequent rotation of the sorting roller through 180.degree., the casing falls into the outlet duct with base directed downwardly. Casings, which arrive with base pointing downwardly, run up against the pin and rest on the periphery of the roller until, after 180.degree. rotation of the transit duct, they align with the supply duct and can fall unhindered into the outlet duct. All casings fall into the outlet duct with their base directed downwardly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1988
    Assignee: Dynamit Nobel AG
    Inventors: Walter Bajohr, Willi Bornheim, Hartmut Gruber, Heinz-Ernst Wagner
  • Patent number: 4677894
    Abstract: A device for centering retention of ammunition includes an ammunition receiver having spring elastic holding elements acting in the radially inward direction in the tapering section of the ammunition and gripping elements holding the ring of the cartridge of the ammunition arranged in the bottom area of the ammunition. The holding elements are made up of leaf springs fastened to the ammunition receiver in the direction of the generators of the ammunition in a forward and a rear clamping location in order to assure retention of the ammunition without wear in case of severe jolting movements and to assure safe transfer of the ammunition into the cartridge chamber without damaging it. Each leaf spring comprising a recess or inward protrusion acting on the ammunition in its tapering section and a free end projecting past a forward clamping location in a radially inward direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1986
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1987
    Assignee: Krauss-Maffei A.G.
    Inventors: Leonhard Pongratz, Ferenc Kotai, Markus Spotzl
  • Patent number: 4651619
    Abstract: A shotgun shell dispenser for efficient hand loading, the dispenser having a hopper into which a plurality of empty cases or hulls are oriented and stacked, a carousel reel for serial transport of casings from the hopper to a dispenser opening and a trip mechanism for releasing a single shell to a dispenser trough for convenient manual removal of the casing from the dispenser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1985
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1987
    Inventor: Larry Voecks
  • Patent number: 4632008
    Abstract: A method for orienting and stacking primers one on top of another in a vertical upright position inside of a tubular receptacle.An apparatus with a slotted hopper and a gate to orient and stack primers in a removable tubular receptacle one on top of another in a vertical fashion. The apparatus can include a vibrator to facilitate orientation of the primers in the hopper and to speed passage of the primers through the apparatus. The apparatus may further include a handle to allow it to be held in one hand. In an alternative embodiment, the tubular receptacle is not removable from the gate. Another embodiment has a smooth hopper and a tubular receptacle to receive and stack primers one on top of another.An alternative embodiment of the apparatus has a removable gate and a removable receptacle to accommodate different sized primers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1985
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1986
    Inventor: Larry D. Horner
  • Patent number: 4573392
    Abstract: An in-line bullet feeder including a tubular member having a passage forming a path of travel through the member, a first bullet stop assembly formed by three balls positioned at equally spaced positions around the passage, the balls being biased inwardly by a resilient ring and a second bullet stop assembly formed by three balls positioned above the first stop assembly a spaced distance at equally spaced positions around the passage, the balls of the second stop assembly being retained in the passage by a tubular member having a camming surface and a retaining flange for selectively locking the balls in the passage, the first stop assembly being cammed out of the passage by the open end of the shell case as it enters the passage and the second stop assembly preventing upward movement of the bullet to seat the bullet in the casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 4, 1986
    Assignee: Mantel Machine Products, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert W. Mantel
  • Patent number: 4522102
    Abstract: A semi-automatic cartridge reloading machine of the type including a lower travelling platen with a rotatable support for sequentially positioning a plurality of cartridges in each of a series of operating stations and including an upper stationary platen with a plurality of tools or dies depending or extending downwardly and spaced circumferentially about the upper stationary platen and centered over the rotatable support defining a plurality of operating stations is provided with mechanisms for automatically rotating the support to reposition the cartridges in subsequent operating stations at the completion of each reloading step or operation, automatically centering cartridges and removing spent primers from cartridges, automatically belling and admitting powder into cartridges, automatically introducing and inserting new primers into cartridges, automatically introducing and inserting bullets into cartridges, and automatically crimping and seating bullets into cartridges simultaneously and in conjunction
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1983
    Date of Patent: June 11, 1985
    Inventor: Ralph D. Pickens
  • Patent number: 4475435
    Abstract: A bullet feed assembly for a shell casing reloader, the assembly including a housing having a passage, a gravity feed bullet reservoir connected to the upper end of the passage, a first pair of catch members pivotally mounted in the housing for movement into the passage, to catch the bullets, the catch members including cam surfaces engageable by movement of a shell casing into the passage to release the bullet, and a pair of latch members mounted for pivotal movement into and out of the passage to prevent upward movement of the bullet in the passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1983
    Date of Patent: October 9, 1984
    Assignee: Mantel Machine Products, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert W. Mantel
  • Patent number: 4455915
    Abstract: A feed hopper for shell casings for use with a cartridge loading machine. The hopper is in the form of a container having curving interior surfaces, the surfaces extending to a feed aperture at the bottom of the hopper connected to a feed tube. Preferably the hopper is of hemispherical shape. The hopper has a transverse member positioned diametrically across it over the aperture to prevent a casing from being dropped into it so that it could fall into the feed tube with its open end down. The configuration of the hopper causes the casings to feed steadily with the rim down into the aperture and the feed tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 1982
    Date of Patent: June 26, 1984
    Inventor: Charles R. Ransom
  • Patent number: 4429610
    Abstract: An automatic shell reloader of the type having a fixed platen and a die platen, the die platen having a plurality of dies for performing the reload function and being moveable toward and away from the fixed platen to reload a shell case, the improvements comprising a guard carried by a primer cap slide assembly mounted on the fixed platen to block the force of a detonated primer cap from reaching the die platen, and a primer cap storage assembly mounted on the die platen, the storage assembly including a storage tube having a number of spring biased fingers at the lower end for retaining primer caps in the tube and a cam mounted on the fixed platen in a position to engage the fingers to release one primer cap at a time from the tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1981
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1984
    Inventor: Robert W. Mantel
  • Patent number: 4425833
    Abstract: Apparatus for holding a cartridge case during a reloading operation that includes a jaw holder having a first groove extending linearly thereacross, second and third grooves intersecting the first groove at right angles and extending away therefrom in opposite directions and a bore opening to the first groove and centered relative the grooves for having a primer moved therethrough, three elongated jaws having elongated slots, each jaw having a lip at each of its longitudinally opposite ends, and screws extended through the jaw slots and threaded into the jaw holder to permit adjusting the jaws in the grooves relative the bore and retain the jaws in the adjusted positions. Two jaws are mounted in the first groove on diametrically opposite sides of the bore, the third jaw is mounted in the third groove and the second groove is provided for translating a cartridge case to have the lips of the three jaws extend into the case cannelure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1982
    Date of Patent: January 17, 1984
    Assignee: Gopher Shooter's Supply Company, Incorporated
    Inventor: Clarence E. Purdie, deceased
  • Patent number: 4393744
    Abstract: A cartridge reloader having a base. A turret ring mounted to and above the base. A turret having a radially extending flange or rim, the turret being rotatable in the ring for positioning dies that act on a cartridge to be reloaded. Radially inwardly extending lugs on the wall of the ring surrounding a large bore therein. Radially outwardly extending lugs on the turret which interlock with the lugs on the ring while at the same time the turret flange is bearing over its area on the margin of the ring surrounding the large hole. An axially slotted ram having a cartridge holder. A T-shaped priming arm having multiple primer holders. The priming arm nesting in and pivotal in a V-shaped socket in the base. A box having inserts for mounting the reloader base on it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1983
    Inventor: Richard J. Lee
  • Patent number: 4370913
    Abstract: The invention relates to an ammunition handling system in which a steel carrier is supported on a chain running along a cruciform track. The carrier has an inner lining (19) (FIG. 1) which is shaped so that when the carrier (10) is tipped from the position shown in FIG. 1, by turning it bodily in an anti-clockwise direction, ammunition contained within the liner will gently and smoothly run out into a receptacle.The opening and closing of the door, the tipping of the carrier and the deposit of its contents are all controlled automatically by ramps and a rack and pinion device located at various points along the track. The carrier can be lowered manually and is then automatically unloaded when it reaches its destination. The shape of the inner liner (19) is such as to provide a gentle and smooth flow for the ammunition and the liner itself is made of brass, or other suitable material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1980
    Date of Patent: February 1, 1983
    Assignee: Gough & Co. (Hanley) Ltd.
    Inventor: George T. Gough
  • Patent number: 4363397
    Abstract: A Z-transfer device transfers rounds of ammunition between laterally misaned feeding and receiving apparatus by permitting the rounds to slide laterally with respect to each other while remaining parallel. Each round is retained in a bucket which is permitted to slide on a shaft with respect to adjacent buckets and each bucket is guided in a Z-shaped path between in-bearing and off-bearing apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1981
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1982
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Earl D. Richey, Franklin A. Dobson
  • Patent number: 4328735
    Abstract: This invention relates to some unique mechanical devices, which, when attached in natural sequence to a shotshell reloading press, allows faster, smoother and more compatable performance of said press.Specific devices which are included are, (1) a device designed for more positive reciprocation of a carrying ram, which, when actuated, meters and carries, "either wads of primers to their destination for instillation in a spent shotshell casing". (2) Another unique mechanical device is a miniature leverage system which feeds empty shell casings into the holding slots of the index carrier plate by means of a coordinated swivel mounted lever which forces said casings into holding slots of said carrier index plate upon the acuation of said press. (3) To conclude the unique devices of this application is a holding tray for new primers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1979
    Date of Patent: May 11, 1982
    Inventor: Johnnie D. Allen
  • Patent number: 4261680
    Abstract: An apparatus for orienting randomly arranged articles having an enlarged end, such as large caliber ammunition or the like, so that all of the articles are facing in the same direction. The apparatus senses the direction in which the articles are facing and passes all of the articles facing one direction, while inverting the articles facing in the opposite direction so that all of the articles discharged from the apparatus are facing in the same direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1979
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1981
    Inventors: F. Paul Carnley, John Cugini, Charles E. Benedict
  • Patent number: 4223588
    Abstract: A device for feeding primers to a cartridge reloading tool is disclosed. The invention comprises an upright frame having a primer holding tray at its upper end. The frame is hollow and defines a passageway for a chain. The lower end of the frame attaches to the primer inserting device on the reloading tool. Associated with the primer holding tray are two primer feed rolls which are spring loaded and actuated by the chain within the frame. The chain is operatively connected at its lower end to the handle of the reloading tool. As the operator actuates the handle to effect the loading sequence, the primer feed rolls rotate and progressively feed fresh primers into a chute attached to the frame and primer tray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1980
    Inventor: Frank H. Simpson
  • Patent number: 4188855
    Abstract: This invention, relating to the art of resizing and decapping fired cartridge cases, comprises a novel method of and apparatus for automatically and safely resizing spent cartridge cases having primer caps, including means for automatically resizing the cases and clearing the case of the spent primer therein, in a highly efficient, automatic procedure, uniformly restoring cartridge cases for reuse. Pursuant to the invention means are provided which automatically orient the fired cases and feed them to a case receiving station from which they are sequentially advanced to a registration station, where swaging or sizing of the outside dimensions of the case to their original dimensions is effectuated and the case is decapped and reclaimed for reuse; the so resized and decapped case is displaced from the apparatus simultaneously automatically on positioning the next case at the registration station for repetition of the procedure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1978
    Date of Patent: February 19, 1980
    Assignee: Alberts Corporation
    Inventor: Melvin R. Alberts