Distributor Establishes Communication Between Opposite Faces Of Piston Patents (Class 91/224)
  • Patent number: 9303634
    Abstract: Proportional dosimeter including a metering body with a main liquid inlet (2) and an outlet (3), a hydraulic motor (4) housed in the body, actuated by the main liquid, and connected to a plunger piston (5) that moves in a first chamber (6), the piston plunger drawing in fluid in an outbound stroke, a check valve provided to allow liquid to pass to the interior volume of the body when the pressure in the first chamber exceeds a certain pressure, during the return stroke; the dosimeter includes a second chamber (12) of variable volume bounded by a membrane subjected to the pressure in the first chamber, the second chamber including an intake orifice (20) for the auxiliary liquid and a delivery orifice (23) for the auxiliary liquid, this delivery orifice being connected by a pipe (26) to an injection chamber (S) situated downstream of the outlet of the dosimeter body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: DOSATRON INTERNATIONAL
    Inventors: Sebastien Furet, Philippe Duquennoy, Christophe Charriere
  • Patent number: 9004338
    Abstract: A compressible fluid powered device includes a dose chamber. An inlet supplies pressurized fluid to the dose chamber. An outlet for releases pressurized fluid from the dose chamber. A moveable divider divides the dose chamber into a primary space and a secondary space, movement of the divider expanding one space at the expense of the other. At least one flow pathway from one space to the other, which collectively allow gas to flow in both directions past the divider and pressure to equalize across the divider, the flow pathway being much more limited than the outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: GlobalForce IP Limited
    Inventor: Hamish William Hamilton
  • Patent number: 8136634
    Abstract: A piston arrangement is disclosed for metering valves, flow-rate sensors or hydraulic motors. The piston arrangement comprises a housing, at least one recess in the housing, and a first piston sealed and movable in the at least one recess of the housing. A recess is provided in the first piston, and a flow passage extends through the first piston. A second piston is movable in the recess of the first piston. A sealing surface is provided on the second piston, and a valve seat is provided on the first piston against which the sealing surface on the second piston can be pressed in such a way that the second piston can be moved in the first piston between a position which opens the flow passage through the first piston and a position which shuts off the flow passage through the first piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Lincoln GmbH
    Inventors: Zdravko Paluncic, Ralf Trinkel
  • Patent number: 7992652
    Abstract: A fluid distributor cylinder is for a percussive drill assembly that includes a casing having an inner circumferential surface defining a central bore, a central axis extending through the bore, a bit movably coupled with the casing and a piston movably disposed within the casing bore. The distributor cylinder includes a generally tubular body disposeable within the casing bore and having first and second ends, a central axis extending generally between the first and second ends, an outer circumferential surface. At least a section of the outer surface is configured to engage with the inner surface of the casing so to form an interference fit between the body and the casing. The cylinder includes an exterior thread and/or a radially-extending shoulder configured to releasably engage with the casing inner surface so as to substantially prevent axial displacement of the distributor body with respect to the casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2011
    Assignee: Atlas Copco Secoroc LLC
    Inventor: Timothy J. Plunkett
  • Patent number: 7975597
    Abstract: Hydraulic machine includes: a casing; a piston slidable therein and separating two chambers; hydraulic switching elements for supplying liquid to and for evacuating the chambers, including at least one connecting rod acting on a distribution member which can adopt two stable positions; and initiating elements having a pusher which, at the end of the piston stroke, can cause a sudden change in the position of the switching elements, under the action of an elastic member to reverse the stroke. Each end of the elastic member is secured to an articulation member respectively accommodated in a housing provided on the connecting rod and on another moving part, each housing being open in a direction substantially opposed to the direction of the force exerted by the elastic member, such that each articulation member can be removed from its open housing against the action of the force, thereby simplifying assembly and disassembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: Dosatron International
    Inventors: Matthieu Darbois, S├ębastien Furet, Philippe Duquennoy, Dominique Berton
  • Patent number: 7162944
    Abstract: A linear fluid piston device not requiring a fluid valve to operate and has operating piston stroke capabilities beyond traditional vibration fluid devices. The linear fluid device features (a) a movable piston means for linear motion, (b) a feature wherein said body provides rotational movement for fluid port alignment and a pressure vessel containing an (c) end cap and (d) cavity sized to guide the movable piston. In the improvement, the moveable piston provides a method for changing the linear direction in the event the total linear piston movement has not completed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2007
    Inventor: Bret Allen Britz
  • Patent number: 6745664
    Abstract: A paint shaker and motor therefor. A yoke has at a first end a clamp for clamping a paint can and at a second end, is pivotally connected to a linkage assembly that converts the linear motion of a reciprocating linear motor to an arcing motion of the yoke. The motor includes a cylinder and a piston that is spring biased toward an inlet end of the cylinder. Compressed air enters the inlet end and a passageway through the piston for conducting the compressed air to a valve having a displaceable stopper, wherein the compressed air seats the stopper in the valve and thereby closes the valve, so that air pressure moves the piston toward an outlet end of the cylinder. The outlet end of the cylinder includes a projection against which the piston drives the stopper so as to unseat the stopper in the valve and thereby open the valve, permitting the spring bias to return the piston toward the inlet end of the cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2004
    Inventor: Harold D. Kopkie
  • Patent number: 6684753
    Abstract: A hydraulic machine comprising the following: an envelope (2); a differential piston (15) consisting of two parts (15a,15b) which have a different diameter and are able to move in two corresponding chambers (7,6); hydraulic switching means which are driven by the piston (15) and can take up two stable positions in relation to the piston; control means for a rapid change in the position of the switching means including elastic means (E); and releasing means that can release the energy accumulated by the elastic means at the end of the travel and result in an abrupt change in the position of the switching means. The switching means are supported by a side-walled (27) lantern ring (26) that is coaxial to the piston and is driven by the piston but which can take up two different stable positions in relation to the piston and elastic means (E) are disposed inside the lantern ring (26) and are internally guided by the side wall (27) of said lantern ring (26).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2004
    Assignee: Dosatron International
    Inventor: Stephane Urrutia
  • Patent number: 6663360
    Abstract: A injection pump includes a needle valve which is disposed in the pump body cap. An air actuator valve is disposed in the pump piston head. The amount of air fed is controlled by the gap between the needle valve and a needle valve seat which is also located in the pump body cap. At the end of the pumping stroke, a spring on the air actuator valve contacts the bottom surface of the body cylinder chamber to cause the air actuator valve to open and release the trapped air from the body cylinder chamber through the air actuator valve so that the air can exit the pump. This action allows the spring around the piston and plunger to release and return the piston and plunger to the starting position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Inventor: James A. Kyer
  • Patent number: 6520076
    Abstract: An oil pressure device is disposed on a hoist frame. The hoist frame has an upper panel and a middle panel. An oil cylinder is disposed on the upper panel. The oil pressure device has a pneumatic pump having a lower cover and a pneumatic cylinder, a base seat disposed on the pneumatic cylinder, the lower cover disposed on a bottom of the pneumatic cylinder, an oil tank disposed on the base seat, and an oil pump connected to the base seat. A handle is connected to the oil pump. A connector is connected to the lower cover. An air pipe is connected to the connector. An air pressure valve is connected to the air pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Inventor: Wen-Cheng Hong
  • Patent number: 6505538
    Abstract: An improved uniflow engine has a plurality of vertically extending cylinders distributed in-line along a horizontally extending common crankshaft connected to pistons reciprocating in the cylinders. A working fluid vapor is supplied to those cylinders in which the respective pistons are in their working strokes to initiate rotation of the crankshaft in a predetermined direction regardless of where the crankshaft has stopped last. Once rotation is initiated and a predetermined mode change speed attained in a “start-up mode” engine operation, vapor inlet valves are controlled by an inlet valve control mechanism to change engine operation over to a “running mode”. In the start-up mode, incoming vapor is admitted over a substantial portion of the piston working stroke, whereas in the “running mode” vapor inflow is terminated relatively early in the working stroke so that a vapor change does work in expanding against the piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2003
    Inventor: Barry Johnston
  • Patent number: 6499384
    Abstract: A reciprocating fluid driven apparatus has a hollow elongate barrel with an inlet and an outlet in fluid communication with portions of a pipeline, a piston reciprocating within the barrel and having a through hole for fluid communication between spaces above and below the piston, and a cyclically operable closure member for opening and closing the through hole allowing upward and downward piston movements, the piston having piston rods extending from an upper end and a lower end of the piston to an exterior of the barrel so that a pressure at opposite sides of said piston is balanced to allow operation at unlimited pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2002
    Inventor: Jim S. Blair
  • Publication number: 20020150483
    Abstract: A double-acting reciprocating motor with a uni-directional fluid flow path comprises a piston disposed within a cylinder. Within the cylinder, the piston defines a first chamber between the piston and a cylinder base and a second chamber between the piston and a cylinder head. Fluid is introduced into the first chamber of the motor through an inlet port associated with the cylinder base. A pass-through valve controls the flow of fluid from the first chamber to the second chamber. An outlet valve regulates the draining of fluid from the second chamber through an outlet port associated with the cylinder head. Fluid pressure within the first chamber urges the piston towards the cylinder head when the pass-through valve is closed and the outlet valve is open. The piston surface facing the second chamber is larger than the piston surface facing the first chamber, so the piston moves towards the cylinder base when the pass-through valve is open and the outlet valve is closed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 3, 2002
    Publication date: October 17, 2002
    Inventors: Mihai Ursan, David Andrew Lew
  • Patent number: 6415704
    Abstract: A pneumatic oil pump has a cylinder, a piston, a pedal and an oil reservoir. The cylinder has a central bore, a sealed front end and a sealed rear end. An air connector is mounted in a cover on the front end of the cylinder. An actuating valve is mounted in the cover on the front end of the cylinder and communicating with the air connector and the central bore of the cylinder. The piston is movably mounted in the bore of the cylinder to divide the central bore of the cylinder into a first chamber and a second chamber. A piston seat is attached to the piston at an end facing the rear end of the cylinder. A ventilative, sound-absorbing material is arranged between the air outlets of the piston and the piston seat. By such an arrangement, the shock of the air flow can be absorbed by the ventilative, sound absorbing material. Therefore, noise and shock will not occur when the pneumatic pump is in operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2002
    Inventor: Ta-Chin Wang
  • Patent number: 6398527
    Abstract: A double-acting reciprocating motor with uni-directional fluid flow path comprises a piston disposed within a cylinder. A first chamber is defined by the cylinder space between the piston and a cylinder base. A second chamber is defined by the cylinder space between the piston and a cylinder head. Fluid is introduced into the motor through an inlet port and into the first chamber. A pass-through valve controls the flow of fluid from the first chamber to the second chamber. An outlet valve regulates the draining of fluid from the second chamber through an outlet port. The outlet port and the inlet port are associated with opposite ends of the motor. Differential fluid pressure urges the piston towards the cylinder head when the pass-through valve is closed and the outlet valve is open. The piston surface facing the second chamber is larger than the piston surface facing the first chamber, so the piston moves towards the cylinder base when the pass-through valve is open and the outlet valve is closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2002
    Assignee: Westport Research Inc.
    Inventors: Anker Gram, Mihai Ursan
  • Patent number: 6266847
    Abstract: A door closer assembly and a method for operating a door closer assembly. The door closer assembly includes a housing and a door piston guided in the housing. The door piston is operably connected to move a door. A spring piston is guided in the housing and is operable to assist movement of the door piston toward a door closing position. The spring piston is situated in the housing and is acted upon by a spring. The door closer assembly also includes a hydraulic control circuit containing hydraulic fluid which is operable to selectively eliminate a coupling of the door piston and the spring piston from one another during a portion of the travel path of the door piston in the housing. The door closer of the present invention improves the comfort of passing through a door by providing different transmission ratios and therefore, different moment curves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2001
    Assignee: GEZE GmbH
    Inventor: Peter Krumhauer
  • Patent number: 6065387
    Abstract: A reciprocating fluid driven motor apparatus is provided for operating within a pipeline system carrying fluid under pressure to harness some of the energy stored in the presssurized fluid and convert it into mechanical motion for performing other desired tasks. The apparatus includes a barrel having an inlet in fluid communication with an upstream portion of the pipeline and an outlet in fluid communication with a downstream portion of the pipeline, and a differential pressure regulator in a by-pass portion of the pipeline connecting the upstream and downstream portions to create a greater pressure in the upstream portion than the downstream portion. A piston slides reciprocally within the barrel in a fluid tight manner. The piston has an interior cavity for allowing fluid movement therethrough, and a cyclically operable closure member for opening and closing the fluid movement through the piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2000
    Inventor: Jim S. Blair
  • Patent number: 6012377
    Abstract: A shuttle valve mounted between a pneumatic piston and a ring plate in a reciprocating pneumatic motor and moved to control the passage between a shuttle compression chamber and a radial air inlet hole in the pneumatic piston, the shuttle valve having a press rod supported on a compression spring and forced out of the front end of the body of the shuttle valve for pressing against the cylinder cover of the reciprocating pneumatic motor, enabling the shuttle valve to shut off automatically at an early stage so as to extend the piston stroke when the pneumatic piston bears the load, or to shorten the piston stroke when the pneumatic piston bears no load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2000
    Inventor: Michael Hung
  • Patent number: 5806403
    Abstract: A uniflow engine has a plurality of cylinders disposed symmetrically around a common crankshaft connected to pistons reciprocating in the cylinders. In response to the availability of a working fluid vapor at a predetermined condition, such as a high pressure or temperature, incoming vapor is supplied to those cylinders in which the respective pistons are in their working strokes to thereby initiate rotation of the crankshaft in which the crankshaft had stopped last. Once rotation is initiated and a predetermined mode change speed attained in a "start-up model" by engine operation from start, vapor inlet valves are controlled to change engine operation over to a "running mode". In the "start-up mode" incoming vapor is admitted over a substantial portion of the piston working stroke, whereas in the "running mode" vapor inflow is terminated relatively early in the working stroke so that a vapor change does work in expending against the piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1998
    Inventor: Barry Johnston
  • Patent number: 5683230
    Abstract: A pressure medium operated device generating to-and-fro motion to one or several pistons or a similar motion transmitting arm. The device includes a primary piston to which motion is brought in transmitting pressure medium alternately to both sides of the piston and control valves located inside the primary piston for controlling the pressure medium which moves the primary piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 4, 1997
    Inventor: Reijo Karppinen
  • Patent number: 5540136
    Abstract: The invention relates to a reciprocating piston motor. The motor comprises at least one cylinder which is closed on at least one end, a piston which is slidable in the cylinder and forms a pressure chamber with the closed end of the cylinder, a power transmission element such as a piston rod coupled to the piston and extending outside the cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 30, 1996
    Inventor: Jan Noord
  • Patent number: 5513963
    Abstract: A direct action fluid motor and injection pump is disclosed which injects small quantities of a second fluid into a primary fluid stream. A housing has an inlet and an outlet connected to a primary fluid conduit. The housing contains a stepped piston which reciprocates in response to the fluid pressure applied alternately to the closed small and large face of the piston. A valve set alternately closes one and opens the other of the faces. A valve positioner carried with the piston is held in alternate stable positions by cooperating springs on the valve positioner and a post in the piston. Stop members are located above and below the piston travel, each associated with an actuating spring. The valve positioner is preshifted at the end of the stroke, using the full force of the piston, by stop members to move the valve positioner and valve set to an intermediate unstable position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1996
    Assignee: Frank and Robyn Walton 1990 Family Trust
    Inventor: Frank A. Walton
  • Patent number: 5341723
    Abstract: A reciprocating pneumatic motor for hydraulics has a pair of guide grooves on the inner wall of a cylinder provided, together with a pneumatic piston and a shuttle valve to function pneumatically. The piston has a seal ring which passes the guide grooves to allow air to flow into the shuttle compression chamber, pushing the shuttle valve and opening up a channel for the venting of air. This continuous air flow and venting causes the piston to reciprocate. In addition, the piston is integrated with a ring plate using plastic ultrasound technology which simplifies the structure of the pneumatic motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 30, 1994
    Inventor: Michael Hung
  • Patent number: 5275085
    Abstract: A device for controlling a pneumatic cylinder device, being of a double cylinder construction comprising an outer cylinder and an inner cylinder sealably fitted in the outer cylinder to slide along the outer cylinder. In the inner cylinder, a piston with a valve at one side thereof or valves at both sides thereof is slidably disposed. To control the valve or valves, an adjusting rod is provided which is slidably and rotatably disposed in the piston and its piston rod and adjusted by an operating lever. Alternatively, the double cylinder construction comprises a pair of cylinders disposed axially in parallel to each other. In the cylinders, pistons are disposed, one of which has a valve at one side thereof or valves at both sides thereof. The cylinders are communicated with each other by a communication construction having a communication adjusting groove and an adjusting lever for adjusting the communication area of communication adjusting groove.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 4, 1994
    Inventor: Young B. Hur
  • Patent number: 5243897
    Abstract: A magnetically actuated fluid motor has a shiftable member having valve members for alternately closing one and opening the other of large and smaller faces of a stepped piston reciprocating in a housing. The shiftable member carries a magnet and is shiftable to collocate the magnet with one of spaced apart magnet attractors. A magnetic holding force between the magnet and attractors exceeds a simultaneous resilient counterforce supplied by spring members operating on the shiftable member. When the magnetic holding force is weakened by application of a separating force to separate the magnet from an attractor, stored energy in the compressed springs is released to shift the shiftable member. Separating force is applied through stops which arrest the shiftable member while the piston continues to move, without immediately opening the closed face of the stepped piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1993
    Assignee: Frank & Robyn Walton 1990 Family Trust
    Inventors: Frank A. Walton, Edward C. Grout
  • Patent number: 5209152
    Abstract: An air operated reciprocating piston pump having a differential area piston is provided with an annular shaped airfoil device having a chevron cross-section and which is located beneath the bottom air intake plate to utilize increasing air velocity at the initiation of bottom changeover in order to assure more reliable changeover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 11, 1993
    Assignee: Graco, Inc.
    Inventor: Andrew M. Olson
  • Patent number: 5203251
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a valve assembly (10) which is mounted on a part (piston unit 40) of an air motor (10) arranged for reciprocating movement in a housing (cylinder 12). The valve assembly includes a first valve unit (50), which is mounted on one side of the part (40), and a second valve unit (70), which is mounted on the other side of the part (40). The second valve unit is connected to the first valve unit (50) by means of the part (40) for common movement with the first valve unit relative to the part (40) when the valve assembly is switched as the part (40) reaches one of its two end turning-positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1993
    Assignee: Alentec Orion Aktiebolag
    Inventor: Leif Karlberg
  • Patent number: 5197285
    Abstract: A modular digital actuator is formed by interconnecting a plurality of modules. Each of the modules includes a housing having a pair of different sized axially extending cylinder sections in which is received a T-shaped piston with the top of the T mating with the larger cylinder and the leg of the T forming a piston in the smaller cylinder. The leg of the T is hollow and forms a cylinder to receive an axially extending piston forming shaft to thereby provide three preferably different sized cooperating piston and cylinder areas, one formed in the cavity or hollows of the leg of the T, a second formed between the top of the T surrounding the leg of the T and the junction between the larger cylinder section and smaller cylinder section and the third formed in the smaller cylinder section between a closed free end of the smaller cylinder section and the leg of the T surrounding the piston forming shaft. The top of the T forms a piston wall in a fourth hydraulic cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1993
    Assignee: The University of British Columbia
    Inventor: Andrew B. Dunwoody
  • Patent number: 5188518
    Abstract: A reciprocating actuator is axially connected to drive a reciprocating pump. An exhaust tube, open to the outside, passes through a piston of the reciprocating actuator and into an inner hole axially disposed in a working rod that connects an actuator piston of the reciprocating actuator to the reciprocating pump. A valve mechanism communicates a chamber above the actuator piston with the inner hole during upward motion of the piston, whereby actuator fluid above the piston is exhausted to the outside through the exhaust tube. The resulting axial exhausting of the actuating fluid permits inserting a large portion of the device into a drum for pumping of liquid. The invention permits use of a two-stage rod system, which is capable of obtaining high pumping pressure. The inner hole is communicated with a space whose volume changes when the working rod makes a vertical movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 23, 1993
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Yamada Corp.
    Inventor: Seiji Saita
  • Patent number: 5137435
    Abstract: A reciprocating primary fluid driven motor has a stepped piston in a housing having a center hanging actuator rod which extends into the piston to periodically cooperate with an axially shiftable connector member in the piston which operates valves which establish the reciprocating stroke of the piston by opening and closing valve members on the larger and smaller faces of the stepped piston. A block member with compression spring drivers pivotally mounted inside the piston slides on the actuator rod during movement of the piston. The drivers are compressed in response to spaced stops on the actuator rod during continued movement of the piston until a sudden over-center movement of the block member shifts the connector to operate the valve members to cause reciprocation of the piston. Quiet operation during shifting is provided by shock absorbers. No sliding seal with the actuator rod is necessary. Provision for bleeding air from the housing chamber facilitates startup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1992
    Assignee: Frank and Robyn Walton 1990 Family Trust
    Inventor: Frank Walton
  • Patent number: 5120202
    Abstract: The objective of the present invention is to provide a reciprocation switching device for a pump which will solve problems of conventional devices such as that, because coil springs are used for activating by their snap action valve operators or switching operators serving to control the pressure of pump working fluid in relation to reciprocating action of the pump, such devices require the numerous number of parts including spring fitting shafts, the structure to attach such fitting shafts, parts for spring holders, etc.; and that the assembling of those parts is troublesome. A device according to the present invention uses one or two wire springs made into a C-like shape as the springs for the aforementioned purpose and calls for fitting said springs directly between the spring fitting section(s) and the valve operator or the switching operator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1992
    Assignee: Yamada Yuki Seizo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Minoru Murata, Kazumasa Yamada
  • Patent number: 5065824
    Abstract: An impact hammer according to this invention has a frame to house its actuating mechanism and to support a working impact tool which is to receive a sharp impact blow from the impact hammer and deliver it to a structure or formation that is to be pierced or fragmented. The impact tool projects from the frame and is axially reciprocable in the frame. A hammer head is reciprocably mounted in the frame with a close sliding fit. It has an impact face that faces toward the impact tool to strike the tool when the impact is intended to occur. At positions beyond this intended range, the hammer head is braked so it does not impact the frame. The blow to the tool is a high-energy, sharp blow, and is not intended to contribute a follow-on application of force after the initial impact. The hammer head has a shank, a loading shoulder and a poppet port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1991
    Assignee: Esco Corporation
    Inventor: Jack B. Ottestad
  • Patent number: 5002468
    Abstract: The objective of the present invention is to provide a reciprocation switching device for a pump which will solve problems of conventional devices such as that, because coil springs are used for activating by their snap action valve operators or switching operators serving to control the pressure of pump working fluid in relation to reciprocating action of the pump, such devices require the numerous number of parts including spring fitting shafts, the structure to attach such fitting shafts, parts for spring holders, etc.; and that the assembling of those parts is troublesome. A device according to the present invention uses one or two wire springs made into a C-like shape as the springs for the aforementioned purpose and calls for fitting said springs directly between the spring fitting sections(s) and the valve operator or the switching operator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 26, 1991
    Assignee: Yamada Yuki Seizo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Minoru Murata, Kazumasa Yamada
  • Patent number: 4955923
    Abstract: A hydraulically operated dockboard including a ramp which is hinged at its rear edge to the frame of the dockboard, and a lip is hinged to the forward edge of the ramp and can be pivoted between a downwardly hanging pendant position and an extended position. A main hydraulic cylinder unit interconnects the frame and the ramp and by operating the cylinder unit the ramp can be pivoted upwardly from a horizontal cross traffic position to an upwardly inclined position. A lip cylinder unit interconnects the ramp and the lip, and operation of the lip cylinder unit will pivot the lip from the pendant to an extended position. The hydraulic system is constructed so that fluid is initially supplied to the main cylinder unit by a pump to raise the ramp, and when the main cylinder unit is fully extended, the increased pressure will shift a valve to supply fluid to the lip cylinder unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1990
    Assignee: Kelley Company Inc.
    Inventor: Martin P. Hageman
  • Patent number: 4949622
    Abstract: A fluid operable engine has a cylinder in which a piston slides up and down. The cylinder has a cylindrical wall and two end walls. The piston divides the cylinder into two chambers. The piston is hollow, has a cylindrical wall and two end walls, with a rigid tube extending from and through one end wall of the piston through an adjacent end wall of the cylinder so that the interior of the piston communicates with the exterior through the tube. The cylinder has an aperture in each end wall or in its cylindrical wall close to the end walls and the piston has an opening in each of its end walls. A closure member is provided for alternately closing the openings or the apertures as the piston reaches each end wall. The engine is operated either in a positive or negative manner, with fluid being charged into or sucked from the piston or the cylinder. The openings may be closed from within or without and the apertures may be closed from inside or outside. The closure member may be mechanically or fluid operable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 21, 1990
    Inventor: David A. Brooks
  • Patent number: 4895305
    Abstract: A sprinkler, connected to a water supply conduit, oscillates by the force of a piston moving in a cylinder and powered by water bleed in a bypass line from the water supply to the cylinder. The piston is connected to a rack which is engaged with a pinion that is attached to a sprinkler nozzle so that water is sprayed from the nozzle in an oscillating spray responsive to the reciprocation of the piston in the cylinder. A first compression spring is operative to return the piston to a home position after a power stroke. The piston has a discharge passageway covered by a valve piece on the pressure side of the piston. The valve piece is supported by a stem slidably disposed in a bore in the piston. A head is fitted to the opposite end of the stem and a tripper compression spring is aligned with the head so that as the piston expands the head compresses the tripper spring until the force of the tripper spring overcomes the water pressure holding the valve piece closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1988
    Date of Patent: January 23, 1990
    Inventor: Jonathan S. Powell
  • Patent number: 4879943
    Abstract: This invention relates to an air motor having a snap-acting overcentering spring mechanism for snapping the valving of the air motor between first and second positions as the piston completes each stroke in the cylinder to ensure reliable stall-free operation of the motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1988
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1989
    Assignee: McNeil (Ohio) Corporation
    Inventor: Ayzik Grach
  • Patent number: 4807321
    Abstract: This invention relates to a novel system for removing foreign particles from a machine part, and, more particularly, to a system for cleaning meat by-products from meat processing rollers or other equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1989
    Inventor: Giorgio Grasselli
  • Patent number: 4756329
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for injecting a metered product into a main circulation of liquid, comprising a metering piston (28) coupled to a stepped piston (11) whose motion results from the pressure of the main fluid in a known manner. The piston (28) interacts with a metering cylinder (10) which is in permanent communication with the lower part of the liquid outlet chamber (8). The mixture of the products is thus confined to the outlet of the device, while no leakproof sliding of a component on contact with either of the liquid and product is necessary, and this eliminates the risks of abrasion of the seals due to deposits on the sliding component. In addition, since the inlet chamber (6) for the main liquid is annular, it permits a filter (33) to be easily installed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 12, 1988
    Inventor: Jean Cloup
  • Patent number: 4743171
    Abstract: An apparatus comprising a housing, a wall dividing the housing into high and low pressure chambers having a pressure differential therebetween, the wall including a surface partially defining the high pressure chamber, and a passage communicating with the surface and between the high and low pressure chambers, a valve seat located on the surface adjacent the passage, a valve member movable into engagement with the valve seat for preventing fluid flow through the passage, and a mechanism for causing the valve member to move away from the valve seat with a snap action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 10, 1988
    Assignee: Outboard Marine Corporation
    Inventor: J. Michael Mahoney
  • Patent number: 4660658
    Abstract: Pressurized water is used to operate a percussive down-the-hole drill and the spent motive fluid is used as a flushing fluid. A rear cylinder chamber (24) is constantly pressurized and a valve (28) controls the inlet from the chamber (24) to a bore (23) through the piston hammer (21). A valve (42) controls the outlet from the front cylinder chamber (26) to a flushing channel (38) in the drill bit (21). A check valve (45) controls the outlet from the bore (23) to the front cylinder chamber (26).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1985
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1987
    Assignee: Atlas Copco Aktiebolag
    Inventor: Per S. G. Gustafsson
  • Patent number: 4587732
    Abstract: A novel hydraulic tool used to cut cables, rods, bars and the like or crimp various items such as cable connectors and which is operated manually and with ease by a single man. The improved cable cutting hydraulic tool comprises dual manually held handles which centrally receive and exhaust the operating pressurized hyraulic fluid, a safety trigger assembly which prevents the inadvertent closing of the cutting or crimping jaws, and an operating trigger assembly, a control valve which directs and redirects the flow of hydraulic fluid under pressure, and a piston cylinder assembly which relatively reciprocates to displace operating rods which in turn causes the cutting jaws to close and open by rotation about a pivot pin. This cable cutting and crimping tool is light weight and compact in comparison with other contemporary designs and is much easier to handle and control during use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1984
    Date of Patent: May 13, 1986
    Assignee: New Draulics, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael A. Lind, Michael R. Dunn
  • Patent number: 4544335
    Abstract: A downhole hydraulically actuated pump assembly of either the free or fixed type lifts formation fluid from the bottom of a borehole to the surface of the ground. The downhole pump has a power piston which actuates a production plunger. A valve means is concentrically arranged within the power piston. A stationary, hollow valve control rod extends through the power piston and through the valve means, with a lower marginal end of the control rod terminating within the production plunger. Power fluid flows through the control rod and to the valve means. As the power piston reciprocates within the engine cylinder, means on the control rod actuates the valve means between two alternant positions so that power fluid is applied to the bottom face of the power piston to thereby cause the power piston to reciprocate upward; and thereafter, the control rod causes the valve means to shift to the other position, whereupon spent power fluid is exhausted from the engine cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1985
    Inventor: George K. Roeder
  • Patent number: 4521963
    Abstract: A novel hydraulic tool used to cut cables, rods, bars and the like or crimp various items such as cable connectors and which is operated manually and with ease by a single man. The improved cable cutting hydraulic tool comprises dual manually held handles which centrally receive and exhaust the operating pressurized hydraulic fluid, a safety trigger assembly which prevents the inadvertent closing of the cutting or crimping jaws, and an operating trigger assembly, a control valve which directs and redirects the flow of hydraulic fluid under pressure, and a piston cylinder assembly which relatively reciprocates to displace operating rods which in turn causes the cutting jaws to close and open by rotation about a pivot pin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1982
    Date of Patent: June 11, 1985
    Assignee: New Draulics, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael A. Lind, Michael R. Dunn
  • Patent number: 4473340
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a combined fuel and oil pump comprising a reciprocally movable member for pumping fuel in response to member reciprocation, a reciprocally movable element for pumping oil in response to element reciprocation, and a fluid pressure actuated motor connected to the member and to the element and responsive to a source of alternating relatively high and low pressures for effecting reciprocation of the member and the element at a frequency less than the frequency of the alternation of the relatively high and low pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1981
    Date of Patent: September 25, 1984
    Assignee: Outboard Marine Corporation
    Inventor: Frank J. Walsworth
  • Patent number: 4458579
    Abstract: A hydraulically driven reciprocating motor (10) includes a hydraulic cylinder (12) and a piston (60) mounted for reciprocation within the cylinder. The piston has passageways (74) formed therethrough which are normally sealed by a floating valve (90). Rods (76) are carried by the piston (60) and normally project from one end thereof. When the piston (60) reaches the limit of its travel in one direction the rods (76) disengage the floating valve (90), thereby opening the passageways (74) through the piston (60) to permit movement of the piston (60) in the opposite direction. When the piston (60) reaches the limit of its travel in the opposite direction, the floating valve (90) again seals the passageways (74) through the piston (60) to complete the operating cycle of the motor (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 10, 1984
    Inventor: James W. Rasmussen
  • Patent number: 4450920
    Abstract: A reciprocating machine comprising a cylinder with a drive chamber and a return chamber; a piston arranged to move to and fro in the cylinder with a first piston area exposed to the drive chamber and being smaller than a second piston area exposed to the return chamber; a permanently open inlet for fluid to the drive chamber; a restricted outlet for fluid from the return chamber; a bore extending through the piston from a port in its first area to its second area; a first valve with a head adapted to seat on the port and a stem guided in the end wall of the drive chamber; and means for limiting the extent of travel of the first valve with the piston so that the first valve can travel with the piston only part of the way from the drive chamber toward the return chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1981
    Date of Patent: May 29, 1984
    Assignee: Ingersoll-Rand Company
    Inventors: Eugene L. Krasnoff, Herman Lindeboom
  • Patent number: 4354421
    Abstract: An improvement in a reciprocating engine used in an energy recovery system wherein the inlet valves to the cylinders of the engine are operated by independently time adjustable actuating means.The system for recovering energy from a pressured reactor comprising a reactor, a reciprocating engine connected to the reactor to receive reaction effluent from said reactor thereby driving the pistons of the reciprocating engine by expansion of the effluent and recovery apparatus downstream of the engine for recovering products from the effluent.The expanding reactor effluent is used to drive the pistons which are especially valved in conjunction with the effluent inlet port in the cylinder to facilitate handling the effluents to adjust the flow into an expansion chamber to obtain maximum recovery, the pistons in turn operate a crankshaft through a crosshead which may power compressors or operate a generator to produce electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1980
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1982
    Assignee: Exxon Research & Engineering Co.
    Inventor: J. Robert Sims
  • Patent number: 4352644
    Abstract: An air-hydraulic pump wherein an air-motor drives the pump. The air-motor includes a reciprocal piston which is driven in one direction by fluid under pressure and is returned by a spring. A control valve is utilized to control the action of fluid under pressure on the piston with the control valve having an open position which is maintained by trapped fluid pressure within a piston chamber in which the control valve is positioned. The control valve is closed by physical contact thereof with an end wall of the cylinder movably mounting the piston at the end of the return stroke and a resilient member is positioned adjacent the cylinder end wall to maintain the control valve in closed position for a portion of the piston stroke as it moves away from the cylinder end wall in the pumping stroke to avoid a possible stall condition for the motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1980
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1982
    Assignee: Owatonna Tool Company
    Inventors: Michael T. Landrum, Terrance M. Anderson
  • Patent number: RE34301
    Abstract: A fluid operable engine has a cylinder in which a piston slides up and down. The cylinder has a cylinder wall and two end walls. The piston divides the cylinder into two chambers. The piston is hollow, has a cylindrical wall and two end walls, with a rigid tube extending from and through one end wall of the piston through an adjacent end wall of the cylinder so that the interior of the piston communicates with the exterior through the tube. The cylinder has an aperture in each end wall or in its cylindrical wall close to the end walls and the piston has an opening in each of its end walls. A closure member is provided for alternately closing the openings or the apertures as the piston reaches each end wall. The engine is operated either in a positive or negative manner, with fluid being charged into or sucked from the piston or the cylinder. The openings may be closed from within or without and the apertures may be closed from inside or outside. The closure member may be mechanically or fluid operable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1993
    Assignee: Garmar, Inc.
    Inventor: David A. Brooks