Abstract: A piston pump delivers precise and repeatable volumes of a fluid from a reservoir to a downstream component, and includes a piston that is rotatably and reciprocally mounted within a cylinder. The outer periphery of the piston forms an interference fit with the inner periphery of the cylinder. At least one groove is formed in the outer periphery of the piston, with the groove defining a precise volume between the piston and the cylinder, and extending in an axial direction of the piston. The cylinder includes an inlet port for providing fluid communication between a reservoir and the at least one groove when the piston is in a first position, and an exit port circumferentially spaced from the inlet port for providing fluid communication between the at least one groove and a downstream component when the first piston is rotated to a second position where the at least one groove is aligned with the exit port.
March 3, 2004
Date of Patent:
January 9, 2007
Philip Morris USA Inc.
Gary Everett Grollimund, Donald Lee Brookman, Kenneth A. Cox, Walter Allen Nichols, Edwin Waldbusser
Abstract: A pneumatic linear vibrator comprises a piston guide sealed on one side and delimited by detachable end parts (14,16), a piston (10), a sound-absorbing pipe (52) which forms the housing, and means for supplying and removing a gaseous or vaporized pressure medium. Relative motion between the guide with the end parts and the piston is ensured by automatic alternating delivery of the pressure medium to a working volume (V,V1,V2) located on one face of the piston. The piston (10) has a longitudinal axial bore (22) with a snap ring groove (26) in the region of the ends of the longitudinal median plane of the piston. The snap ring grooves are connected to a face of the piston (10) by at least two axisymmetric channels (27) which run in the axial direction (A) and are sealed off from the longitudinal axial bore (22) of the piston (10).