Abstract: Disclosed is a system for transferring fuel pellets from one container which may be at a location external to a building to a second container which may be at a location in an interior of the building. The system may include a first container positioned at a location remote from the building and a second container positioned proximate to the building. The first and second containers are connected to one another to permit the transfer of fuel pellets from the first container to the second container by a pneumatic apparatus.
Abstract: A packaging machine with at least one pneumatic drive is proposed, which packaging machine is insensitive to dirt and is easy to clean. According to the invention, this is achieved by provision of an integrated structural unit (8, 9, 10) which comprises a pilot valve and a pneumatic cylinder.
July 18, 2006
May 6, 2010
Tieme Jan Slomp, Elmar Eugen Ehrmann, Herbert Kirmse
Abstract: An arrangement in combination with an oscillating cylinder (1), whereby the arrangement includes a working valve (10) of cylinder (1) to transmit pressure medium into cylinder (1), impulse valves (5) by means of which, by working valve is controlled, control means (4), as discs, from movable piston rod (18) to cylinder (1) outside, which can be arranged to get in several different linear positions in contact with the control means impulse valves (5) in order to produce a stroke length set for the piston rod of the oscillation cylinder. In the arrangement the impulse valves are placed sideways outside control means (4) and the required impact to be achieved from the control means (to the impulse valves (5) is moved by means of special arms (13) moved from control means (4) as an opening/closing motion of the shut-off part of the impulse valves whereby the structural length of the oscillating cylinder can be achieved essentially shorter in the cylinder back end of control means (4), (5).
Abstract: A motor including a piston disposed within a cylinder and a valve configured to control a flow of a fluid into the cylinder. In some embodiments, the valve has a housing, a valve member disposed in the housing, and a magnetic detent configured to resist movement of the valve member within the housing.
Abstract: A fastener driving tool includes a frame defining therein an accumulator that accumulates compressed air, a cylinder, a piston movable between a top dead center and a bottom dead center, a main valve section having a main valve movable between a top dead center and a bottom dead center to alternately open and block fluid communication between a piston upper chamber and the accumulator, a trigger valve section having a plunger movable between a top dead center and a bottom dead center so as to alternately open and block fluid communication from the accumulator to a main valve chamber, and fluid communication from the main valve chamber to atmosphere, and a trigger adapted to press the plunger when operated by a user. The piston moves from the top dead center to the bottom dead center within 11.3 msec when the plunger is pressed.
Abstract: A pneumatically operated fastener driving tool capable of reducing a time period from operation timing of a trigger to downward movement of a driver blade for fastener driving, and reducing a time period from the release timing of the trigger to a timing at which respective components are returned to their initial positions for a subsequent nail driving. As components a main valve and a trigger valve is provided. The main valve is movable within a main valve chamber connected to a main valve control channel. The trigger valve selectively provides fluid communication between the accumulator and a main valve chamber through the main valve control channel and between the main valve chamber and the atmosphere through the main valve control channel. A ratio of cross-sectional area of the main valve control channel to an internal volume of the main valve chamber is defined to a specified ratio.
Abstract: A hydraulic drive system is provided to produce a smoothed or near sinusoidal output flow characteristic for reciprocating piston pumps. The device occupies a smaller footprint than conventional mechanical reciprocating pumps and allows a standard reciprocating pump to operate at its maximum rated pressure while retaining its maximum rated flow. Several embodiments are disclosed and the drive system may be coupled to standard duplex and triplex pumps. A solution to hydraulic hammer caused by rapid flow reversal in the hydraulic control valves used within the system is presented.
Abstract: A control system of a pneumatic oscillation cylinder (1) to produce the oscillating motion of a scraper (3) used in paper machines in particular. There is in the oscillation cylinder motion rod (18) motion stoppers (4), which in both wanted reversing points of the rod (18) motion open an own pressure discharge valve (5) for the said stopper in the pilot operation line (9), whereby the opening of both pressure discharge valves (5) in turns causes a reversing function in a pneumatic reversing valve (10) known as such.
Abstract: An auto cycle pump in accordance with the invention includes a housing having a reservoir for storing hydraulic fluid. A hydraulic pump in the housing provides hydraulic flow. A directional valve has neutral, advance and retract positions to respectively restrict hydraulic flow, direct hydraulic flow to an advance port and direct hydraulic flow to a retract port, the ports for hydraulic connection to the hydraulic tool, in use. Fluid conduits are provided connecting the pump and reservoir to the directional valve. A flow switch detects return flow from the directional valve to the reservoir. A pressure sensor sense hydraulic pressure from the pump. A dump valve is operatively connected to the pump for directing hydraulic flow back to the reservoir when the directional valve is in the neutral position. A control is operatively connected to the pump, the directional valve, the flow switch and the pressure sensing means for controlling operation of the auto cycle pump in automatic mode of operation.
Abstract: A device for distributing oil under pressure including a head (2) within which, inside a chamber (24), a shuttle (5) slides provided with a shank (5a) sealingly sliding within an end cap (6) and on whose head surface (19) oil at the feed pressure acts coming from a switch duct (18). The head (2) is provided with a feed hole (8) connected to the chamber (24) and is closed at the other end by a shutter (7) connected to a drain hole (9), while the shuttle (5) is provided with an inner cavity (26) and end ducts (25) and it is shaped so as to have in the chamber (24) opposite transverse surfaces (22, 23) whose difference of area in favour of the surface (23) at the end where the shank (5a) is located is smaller than the area of the head (19) of the latter. A hydraulic hammer including the device is provided with a pair of outflow orifices (17, 20) located so that the first orifice (17) is uncovered by the ram (4) at the end of the return travel and the second orifice (20) at the end of the descending travel.
Abstract: A supply-discharge valve member (30) inserted into a valve casing (29) can be pushed downward by pressure fluid of an actuation chamber (35). A restriction passage (G) is constituted by a fitting clearance between a valve bore (61) and an opening-closing valve member (62) provided in the valve casing (29). The pressure fluid supplied to the chamber (35) is quickly discharged to an atmosphere side through the restriction passage (G) when an amount of the supplied fluid is extremely a little. When the supplied amount increases, since a flowing resistance of the restriction passage (G) increases and the pressure within the chamber (35) is increased, a closing valve surface (69) of the opening-closing valve member (62) is brought into contact with a valve seat (70) for closing by that pressure to prevent the pressure fluid from being discharged.
Abstract: A two cylinder thick matter pump has two hydraulic drive cylinders, two pistons supported and driven within each respective drive cylinder, and two feed cylinders. Each feed cylinder is adapted to receive a respective piston therein to pump the matter therethrough. A hydro-pump is coupled to the drive cylinders to supply hydraulic fluid thereto. A reversing valve is coupled to the hydro-pump to reverse the direction thereof. Two pressure switching valves are coupled to one of the drive cylinders and to the reversing valve to actuate the reversing valve upon a change in cylinder pressure. Two electronic proximity switches are supported adjacent to the pistons and coupled to the reversing valve. The proximity switches actuate the reversing valve in parallel with the switching valves.
Abstract: A hydraulically actuated downhole pump assembly for producing a well is powered by a fluid that is pumped downhole to an engine end thereof. The pump assembly has a pump end which is connected to a source of formation fluid so that the engine end drives the pump end and the pump end lifts produced fluid to the surface of the ground. The pump end has a pump barrel and a pump piston is reciprocatingly received in sealed relationship within the pump barrel. The engine end has an outer engine barrel, and an annular valve element is reciprocatingly received in sealed relationship within the outer barrel. The valve element moves up and down between two positions of operation while an engine piston reciprocates within the annular valve element and in so doing aligns various flow passageways in a manner to alternately apply power fluid to appropriate sides of the piston and valve element to force the engine piston to reciprocate.
Abstract: An apparatus for driving a piston by fluid pressure in which a piston (8) is reciprocated upward and downward by supplying and discharging pressure fluid to and from an actuation chamber (9) disposed in a cylinder (7) through a pilot valve (18) and a fluid pressure supply-discharge valve (13). Above a supply-discharge valve member (30) of the supply-discharge valve (13) there is provided a cylinder chamber (70a), into which a pilot valve casing (71) is inserted so as to hermetically slide up and down. The fluid pressure in the discharge actuation chamber (35) disposed above the supply-discharge valve member (30) allows the pilot valve casing (71) to ascend against a return spring (73).
Abstract: A two stage fluid compressor is operated by a pneumatically operated relay valve controlled by a fluidic switching device in which switching pulses of pressurized control air are obtained automatically on movement of a compression piston in one of the compression stages.
Abstract: Hydraulic drive mechanism for a machine element with rapid feed movement and under-load feed movement, comprising a double-acting hydrocylinder power drive and a pressure switching valve responding to the pressure at least in a larger operating chamber of the hydrocylinder when the pressure in the operating chamber exceeds a threshold value higher than 1/4 of the operating pressure of the pressure supply source, but lower than half the operating pressure thereof, switches to under-load feed operation and, when the pressure in the drive pressure or operating chamber falls below the threshold value, switches back to rapid feed operation. The pilot valve for the main control valve is equipped with two windings effective in opposite directions.
Abstract: A turning gear is used to rotate a turbine rotor under conditions where it is heating up or cooling down without sufficient motive fluid to cause it to rotate. The turning gear avoid the occurence of a thermal bow. A hydraulic turning gear is disclosed for application in confined areas where a substantial force is required to provide rotation to the rotor. A booster cylinder is used to elevate low pressure fluid for use in a reduced diameter hydraulic cylinder. A ratchet wheel and pawl mechanism uses an adjustable friction force to withhold the pawl from the ratchet wheel after initial contact and further employs a stationary guide rail to reset the pawl for the next contact.
Abstract: A hydraulic well pump for operating a pump sucker rod string including a hydraulic cylinder assembly for raising and lowering the sucker rod string and a fluid counterbalancing system for offsetting the combined weight of the reciprocating service equipment, the fluid column above the pump plunger, and the sucker rod string. One counterbalancing embodiment includes an air supported piston on the movable cylinder exposed to an air chamber below the air piston functioning independently of the hydraulic and power and logic system of the pump. Another counterbalancing system embodiment uses a hydraulic fluid accumulator connected into the system fluid power and logic for supercharging the hydraulic power pumps during the lift stroke and providing opposing force during the downstroke.
Abstract: A pump jack having a walking beam oscillated in a vertical arc by a hydraulic actuating cylinder that receives pressurized hydraulic fluid from a variable displacement pump. The hydraulic actuating cylinder is controlled by a hydraulic valve having an operating member mechanically shifted by a second hydraulic actuating cylinder near the end points of the pivotation arc of the walking beam to reverse the direction of movement of the walking beam during the shifting of the operating member of the hydraulic valve. The second hydraulic actuating cylinder is controlled by a second hydraulic valve that transmits pressure to the second hydraulic actuating cylinder from the variable displacement pump and reverses the flow of pressurized hydraulic fluid to the ports of the second hydraulic actuating cylinder near the end points of the pivotation arc of the walking beam.
Abstract: A pumping unit for wells which is hydraulically powered and adapted to replace or used in lieu of conventional pump jacks. The hydraulic system utilized with the hydraulically operated pumping unit includes an accumulator system which stores energy produced by gravity induced downward movement of the pump rod and other pump components during the down stroke and automatically utilizes this stored energy to assist in lifting the pump components and the column of production fluid thereby increasing the efficiency of the pumping unit.
Abstract: The front end of a handgrip mounts an interchangeable tool-holder for pincer type tools whose opening and closing is controlled pneumatically through a cylinder-piston assembly to which a source of compressed air is supplied. Downstream of the compressed-air source there is a pneumatic circuit for the automatic operation, intermittently at adjustable intervals, of the cylinder-piston assembly. The placing in service and the taking out of service of the pneumatic circuit is controlled by simply obturating and freeing, respectively, an aperture provided in the handgrip and communicating with a bypass duct in parallel with the duct that supplies the compressed air to the cylinder-piston assembly.
Abstract: A pumping system for pumping liquid clay or slip into a filter press comprises a hydraulically-powered double-acting ram for pumping the slip and a hydraulic control circuit for the ram. The control circuit includes a pair of hydraulic pumps one of which provides a high pressure, low volume delivery and the other of which provides a low pressure high volume delivery, and valves controlling the supply of oil from these pumps to the ram according to the resistance encountered by the ram.
Abstract: A compressed air-operated motor driven from a rechargeable compressed air supply tank. The motor has sets of symmetrically opposing cylinders having spring-biased air admission valves and containing drive pistons connected to a crankshaft. The supply tank is connected to the admission valves through respective pilot valves of a pair controlled by relay poppet valves alternately opened by a rotating cam driven by the crankshaft. The pilot valves control the delivery of compressed air alternately to two cylinder groups comprising alternately oppositely located cylinders, so that their pistons act to drive the crankshaft in a common direction by alternate power pulsations.
Abstract: A two-stage pump which includes a pair of reciprocating pump members operating in opposed pump chambers and a connecting rod connecting the pump members to cause the pump members to operate in unison. Air under pressure is supplied to the chambers by a spool valve member which operates in a guide sleeve. The spool valve includes four outwardly extending portions defining a central pressure slot and a pair of exhaust slots. Ports in the sleeve communicate with the pump chambers. The spool valve is moved by pressure in pressure chambers at opposite ends of the sleeve member. The sleeve is mounted in a bore, and metering air passageways are formed between the valve sleeve and the bore and connecting the pressure chambers with the exhaust slots.
Abstract: A pumping device secured to a well head adapted to be counter balanced and operated by well head gas pressure. The pumping cylinder and the counter balance cylinder are positioned on a prolonged axis and employ a common polished piston rod operably mounted on the axis of the cylinders. The counter balance piston is pressurized through a volume tank receiving gas through a pressure regulator from the well head. The pumping piston is powered up and down by direct pressure from the well head gas. The flow of gas to and from the pumping cylinder is controlled by a floating piston five-way valve admitting directly well head gas to drive the piston and exhausting the gas to the gas flow delivery line. Snifter valves control the floating piston five-way valve and pressure regulators positioned between the well head and the gas flow delivery line maintain operable differential pressure in the system.
Abstract: A walking beam pumping unit is provided for pumping liquid from wells having gas pressure therein. The unit is driven by gas pressure from the well reciprocating the piston of a pneumatic cylinder up and down to swing the walking beam correspondingly and pump the liquid from the well. Gas under pressure is directed from the wellhead through a two-way valve to the opposite ends of the hydraulic cylinder in alternating fashion, so the piston has power strokes in opposite directions. Each power stroke, besides moving the walking beam, serves to recompress the gas used for the preceding power stroke sufficiently to inject it into the sales line. The setting of the two-way valve is controlled by a pneumatic actuator supplied with gas under pressure from the wellhead and having a thimble valve responsive to the up and down movement of the walking beam by means of adjustable stops carried thereon.
Abstract: A pneumatic-hydraulic pumping device including a jacket member, a cap member mounted at one end of the jacket member and an hydraulic head member mounted at the opposite end of the jacket member. An air head member is mounted in the jacket member intermediate the cap and hydraulic head members to form an air piston chamber between the cap member and the air head member and an hydraulic fluid reservoir space in the jacket between the hydraulic head member and the air head member. An air piston means including a piston head and a piston rod fastened thereto is mounted for reciprocal movement in power stroke and exhaust directions inside the air piston chamber with the piston rod being slidably mounted in the air head member. An air piston return means is mounted in the jacket for moving the piston means in the exhaust stroke direction. The air head member is connected to a source of air pressure by a conduit means.
Abstract: A control system for hydraulic presses comprising a plurality of press rams, an intensifier having a primary chamber which is connected by a supply conduit to a pump, and a valve which is associated with the primary chamber and when open permits the liquid under pressure to return through a return conduit into a reservoir, the primary chamber being constantly supplied by the pump with high-pressure liquid at a constant rate, and the valve associated with the primary chamber being controlled to move in synchronism with the reciprocating motion of the press rams so that it is closed during the forward stroke and open during the return stroke of the press rams.
Abstract: An improved closed loop pneumatic system for driving a piston in a cylinder which employs a low pressure tank for receiving exhaust gases, a booster compressor transferring the gases to a high pressure tank which drives the piston on the up stroke. The constant interconnecting of a low pressure tank through a piston pressure equalizing the line improves the efficiency of the actuator. The larger, deep-well system utilizes an improved means for recovering and recirculating lubricating oil within the closed loop. Two species of the invention are described in this application. One primarily designed for deep wells and one designed primarily for shallow wells.