Activation Of One Path Disables Second Path Patents (Class 91/32)
  • Patent number: 9498817
    Abstract: A barrel assembly for a rivet gun has a barrel, a piston, a rear plug, a fluid tube, a control valve tube and a spring. The barrel has a cavity. The piston is mounted slidably in the cavity and has a rivet ejection passageway. The rear plug is mounted on a rear end of the barrel and has an assembling hole and a sliding passageway. The fluid tube is mounted detachably in the rear end of a head of the piston. The control valve tube is detachably mounted on the rear end of the fluid tube and is mounted slidably in the sliding passageway. With the fluid tube and the control valve tube, the barrel assembly efficiently prevents the high pressure air from continuously leaking out after the pin pulling action is finished.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Inventor: Yu-Tang Lin
  • Patent number: 9393943
    Abstract: A brake booster is provided having a force input element that is or can be connected to a brake pedal, a chamber arrangement with a working chamber and a vacuum chamber, and a control device with a control valve. The working chamber is selectively connected to the vacuum chamber or to the surrounding atmosphere as a result of a displacement of the force input element. The control valve has a valve element that is selectively prestressed into sealed abutment on a first valve seat provided on the control valve housing or into sealed abutment on a second valve seat provided on the control piston of the control valve by a tension spring. In order to reduce the actuating force, a pneumatic function chamber is selectively isolated from the surrounding atmosphere by the valve element or connected to the vacuum chamber or to the surrounding atmosphere by the force input element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: Lucas Automotive GmbH
    Inventors: David Lopez Larequi, Hans Martin Giese
  • Patent number: 7739940
    Abstract: In a directional control valve device, a first passage connects a second port with a first port by using a part of a movement path of a moving valve element when the moving valve element is in a position of a first end. A second passage connects the second port with the third port by using an internal passage of the moving valve element when the moving valve element is in a second end. The moving valve element is provided with a first check valve for permitting a flow in the internal passage only in the direction from the third port to the second port. When a fluid pressure is applied to the third port, the fluid pressure presses the moving valve element toward the second end so that the first passage is closed, and the first check valve is opened to open the second passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2010
    Assignee: Taiyo, Ltd.
    Inventor: Makoto Hiroshima
  • Patent number: 7200993
    Abstract: An electro-hydraulic steering control system for directing fluid to steering actuators on a work machine may include a main valve configured to control fluid flow to the steering actuators. Left and right primary steering valves may be in communication with and configured to affect the main valve to control fluid flow to the steering actuators. Left and right redundant steering valves may be in communication with and configured to affect the main valve to control fluid flow to the steering actuators. A shuttle valve may be operably disposed between one of the right primary and the right redundant steering valves and the left primary and left redundant steering valves. The shuttle valve may be operable to selectively control fluid from the one of the right primary and the right redundant steering valves and the left primary and left redundant steering valves to the main valve to control the main valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2007
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc
    Inventors: Rabie E. Khalil, Xiaodong Huang, John James Krone
  • Patent number: 7168192
    Abstract: The invention concerns a driving device, particularly a lifting device for a working vehicle, with a hydraulic drive, in the form of a motor with a first connection and a second connection, a pump, a control valve arrangement between the pump and the drive, and an operating device with at least one operating element with a setting area, with which at least one parameter of the drive can be set. It is endeavoured to provide a simple manner of extending the functionality of the lifting device. For this purpose, it is ensured that the control valve arrangement is optionally controlling the drive to be single-acting or double-acting and the setting area has a first section, in which the drive is controlled to be single-acting and a second section, in which the drive is controlled to be double-acting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2007
    Assignee: Sauer-Danfoss (Nordborg) A/S
    Inventor: Martin Raadkjaer Joergensen
  • Patent number: 7107766
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a hydraulic pressurization system, in particular for application to pressurization devices operating in accordance with the high hydrostatic pressure principle. In particular, the present invention provides a pressurization system for modifying the pressure in a pressurization device. The system comprising a first hydraulic circuit in which one or more primary pressure accumulators are connected to the pressurization device in controlled manner in order to permit a substantially incompressible fluid to be admitted to and removed from the pressurization device at a first pressure, the primary pressure accumulators being precompressed-gas pressure accumulators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2006
    Assignee: SIG Simonazzi S.p.A.
    Inventors: Vanni Zacche′, Alessandro Gorbi, Massimiliano Dal Cielo
  • Patent number: 7036421
    Abstract: The invention concerns a driving device, particularly a lifting device for a working vehicle, with a drive in the form of a hydraulic motor, the drive having a first connection and a second connection, a pump and a control valve arrangement between the drive and the pump. It is endeavoured to provide a simple way of extending the functionality of such lifting devices. For this purpose, the control valve arrangement can be switched from a first operating state, in which the motor is driven in a single-acting manner, to a second operating state, in which the motor is driven in a double-acting manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2006
    Assignee: Sauer-Danfoss (Nordborg) A/S
    Inventor: Martin Raadkjaer Joergensen
  • Patent number: 6923209
    Abstract: In a liquid pressure control system including a spool-type control valve mounted between a liquid pressure source and an actuator in such a manner that an output liquid pressure from the liquid pressure source is controlled in accordance with a thrust exhibited by a linear solenoid, a manually operated valve is disposed in a valve housing of the control valve to have an operational axis parallel to an axis of the linear solenoid. The manually operated valve is capable of blocking the communication between the actuator and the control valve and bringing the liquid pressure source into communication with the actuator to bypass the control valve. Thus, the supply of a liquid pressure to the actuator can be secured in any abnormality of the control valve, while enabling a reduction in size of the system in an axial direction of the control valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2005
    Assignee: Keihin Corporation
    Inventors: Satoshi Noda, Shigeto Ryuen, Hideki Furuta, Hidetoshi Watanabe, Masamichi Kagawa
  • Patent number: 6357560
    Abstract: A servo assembly 22 for selectively engaging a brake band 14 in an automotive vehicle is disclosed. Servo assembly 22 includes a piston 26 at least partially encased in a housing 24 and a first and second supply 111, 132 of hydraulic fluid which selectively actuate the piston to engage the brake band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2002
    Assignee: Ford Global Tech., Inc.
    Inventors: Jean Marie Miller, Robert Cary Haase, Felicia Paluzzi
  • Patent number: 6354327
    Abstract: According to principles of this invention, an override controller is structured for being placed in pressurized fluid lines between a valve position transducer and a valve position actuator of an automatic position-controlled valve assembly, with the override controller receiving uncontrolled supply pressurized fluid and having an exhaust. The override controller receives pressurized fluid at first and second inlet ports from the valve position transducer and furnishes this pressurized fluid to the valve position actuator through first and second outlet ports for controlling the position of the valve during normal operation. However, valve mechanisms of the override controller can also be placed in positions for stopping flow of pressurized fluid through the first and second inlet ports and providing fluid flow from the uncontrolled pressurized fluid to the first and second outlet ports for controlling the position of an industrial valve during override operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2002
    Assignee: Virginia Valve Company
    Inventor: John Mayhew
  • Patent number: 6349628
    Abstract: Helical thruster having a housing, a piston movable axially within the housing between retracted and extended positions, and an output member rotatively mounted on the housing. Pressurized fluid is applied to the piston to drive the piston from the retracted position toward the extended position, and the output member rotates as the piston travels toward the extended position. In one disclosed embodiment, the piston is non-rotating, and a helical driving connection between the piston and the output member imparts rotation to the output member as the piston travels toward the extended position. In another disclosed embodiment, the piston rotates as it travels toward the extended position, and the output member rotates with the piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2002
    Assignee: Universal Propulsion Company, Inc.
    Inventor: Clinton B. Heineken
  • Patent number: 6283488
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for stabilizing the two lower steering arms (1) of a tractor. The lower steering arms (1) can be actuated by a hydraulic power lift (9). Each lower steering arm (1) is associated with a side strut (6) which includes a single-acting hydraulic cylinder (7) to stabilize and secure the lower steering arm (1). A pre-selection valve (12) and a control valve (13) enable the hydraulic cylinders to be connected to the power lift (9) either via a line or loaded separately by a second pressure source (P2). Thus, independently of the actuation of the power lift (9), the two lower steering arms can be centrally centered by the hydraulic cylinders (7).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2001
    Assignee: GKN Walterscheid GmbH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Adamek, Herbert Coenen, Jürgen Vollmer
  • Patent number: 6260467
    Abstract: A construction machine, e.g., a backhoe, has a chassis and a digging tool mounted for movement, e.g., swinging movement, with respect to such chassis. A machine hydraulic circuit includes a pump, a hydraulic actuator coupled to the tool for tool movement, and a directional valve between the pump and the actuator. In several specific embodiments, the circuit includes first and second flow restrictors coupled between the pump and the actuator. There is also a valve device for selectively disabling the second flow restrictor, thereby configuring the circuit to provide either of two maximum rates of tool movement. In other embodiments, the circuit uses a variable delivery, fluid-pumping power source and a load-sensing line coupled between the pump and the actuator. The valve device is in series with the load-sensing line and includes a restriction-free path and a flow-restricted path therethrough, thereby configuring the circuit to provide either of two maximum rates of tool movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Assignee: Case Corporation
    Inventors: Roger Mickelson, Richard J. Lech
  • Patent number: 6192781
    Abstract: An assembly for reversing a fluid driven motor. The assembly includes a fluid driven motor, and a reversing valve that reverses inlet and exhaust porting to and from the fluid driven motor. An actuation device opens an actuation valve and a fluid supply valve. The actuation valve causes the reversing valve to reverse the inlet and exhaust porting to and from the fluid driven motor when the actuation device opens the actuation valve. The fluid supply valve allows fluid to flow through the fluid supply valve to the motor when the actuation device opens the fluid supply valve. The fluid supply valve also prevents fluid flow through the fluid supply valve to the fluid driven motor when the fluid supply valve is closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2001
    Assignee: Cooper Technologies Company
    Inventors: Bruce A. Thames, Robert E. Fowler
  • Patent number: 5791227
    Abstract: A control valve is disclosed which is capable of supplying a required control pressure to an actuator such as a brake booster, for example. The control valve includes a valve mechanism within a housing, and the valve mechanism comprises a piston which is associated with a solenoid. When the solenoid is excited, the piston is driven for movement to switch a flow path within the housing. In this manner, the atmosphere, acting as a control pressure, is introduced into a variable pressure chamber defined within the housing. The atmosphere which is introduced into the variable pressure chamber is arranged to push back the piston, so that a control pressure which depends on the magnitude of a current passing through the solenoid can be generated within the variable pressure chamber. As compared with a prior art arrangement, the control valve of the invention reduces the cost of the entire arrangement, and allows a piping arrangement for pressure fluid to be simplified.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1998
    Assignee: Jidosha Kiki Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hitoshi Takaku, Isao Kobayashi, Yoshiyuki Hirathuka
  • Patent number: 5711403
    Abstract: A servo for operating a brake band in an automatic transmission includes a transmission casing and servo cover defining a servo cylinder, a servo piston supported for displacement within the cylinder, first and second sealed volumes within the cylinder, a valve for connecting the fluid sump to one pressure area and for closing that connection and opening a connection to line pressure while maintaining the first pressure area connected to line pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 27, 1998
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Douglas S. Sparks, Robert Cary Haase
  • Patent number: 5704694
    Abstract: A traction control device includes a vacuum booster connected to a master cylinder. The master cylinder is in fluid communication with a driven wheel brake and a non-driven wheel brake via respective first and second solenoid valves. When the brake traction control initiation condition is established, the booster is activated to supply fluid pressure from the master cylinder to the driven wheel brake and the non-driven wheel brake. After elapse of a time from the activation of the booster, the second solenoid valve is closed to prevent a further increase of the brake fluid pressure in the non-driven wheel brake. Thereafter, the brake fluid pressure in the driven wheel brake is adjusted by controlling the first solenoid valve as well as by controlling a fluid pressure pump which is associated with the fluid communication between the master cylinder and the driven wheel brake.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1998
    Assignee: Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Asao Kozakai
  • Patent number: 5644915
    Abstract: A control system for controlling the movement of the ram of a press or press brake of the type having one or two main cylinders with pistons operatively attach to the ram. The control system comprises a programmable processor with inputs from a pressure transducer indicating the pressure applied to the one or two pistons and a linear potentiometer for each side of the ram to indicate ram position and levelness. The control system further includes a hydraulic circuit operated by outputs from the processor. The hydraulic circuit comprises a variable volume load sense-controlled pump supplying hydraulic fluid through a speed control assembly to a solenoid-actuated directional valve determining upward and downward movement of the ram. The speed control assembly comprises at least two lines connected to the output line of the pump and to the speed control assembly output line to the directional valve. At least one of the at least two speed control assembly lines is provided with a restricting orifice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 8, 1997
    Assignee: Cincinnati, Incorporated
    Inventors: Paul A. Dressing, Dean M. Valvano
  • Patent number: 5526729
    Abstract: The present invention provides a booster of the gaseous pressure type.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 18, 1996
    Assignee: Tokico Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiromi Ando, Nobumaro Osaka, Yasuhiko Amari
  • Patent number: 5476029
    Abstract: A pneumatic booster comprises a piston dividing a housing into front and rear chambers, the front chamber being is constant communication with a vacuum source, the rear chamber being selectively supplied with an atmospheric pressure source or a compressed air source, wherein a valve body of the piston includes a bore having a retainer mounted within, and an input rod movable within the retainer and having a compressed air passage extending therein, the bore of the valve body also having a first rear control valve and a second front control valve, such that movement of the input rod opens the first rear control valve to allow atmospheric air into the booster chamber and a further movement of the input rod opens the second front control valve to allow compressed air into the booster chamber, resulting in an increased output force of the booster.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 19, 1995
    Assignee: Tokico Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiromi Ando, Nobumaro Osaka, Yasuhiko Amari
  • Patent number: 5308215
    Abstract: A hydraulic drive passenger lift with distinct lifting "up and down" (loading, unloading) and "fold-unfold" (storage) motion patterns, includes a flow control structure that accommodates various hydraulic flows, somewhat unrestricted for "up-and-down" movement, and different for "fold" and "unfold" movements. The flow control structure includes multiple paths between a source and an actuator, with control for selecting the appropriate path to yield predetermined flow rates. A solenoid driven spool valve and a biased movable orifice member select the desired path. Accordingly, while the flow is substantially unrestricted during "up-and-down" movement, it is somewhat restricted for reduced speed during the "unfold" movement and is more restricted during the power-driven "fold" movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1994
    Assignee: Ricon Corporation
    Inventor: Stanton D. Saucier
  • Patent number: 5113655
    Abstract: An apparatus and method are disclosed for the simple removal of liquid condensate, in particular of water of condensation, from compressed-air systems alternately subjected in operation to positive pressure and atmospheric pressure. The compressed-air system is first of all connected for a limited period, at intervals or after each subjection to positive pressure, to a vacuum generator in order to promote re-evaporation of the condensate and is evacuated by the latter before atmospheric pressure is passed in or let in again. In certain embodiments, a highly restricted reverse flow through the compressed-air system is permitted. The method is particularly suitable for use in small-volume compressed-air systems which do not have to be permanently subjected to positive pressure, e.g., in pneumatic door-closing aids for motor cars.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1992
    Assignee: Daimler-Benz AG
    Inventors: Josef Schumacher, Claus Topfer
  • Patent number: 5076141
    Abstract: A liquid pressure booster which may be used in a brake booster or the like is disclosed. A second supply passage is provided which allows a power chamber of the liquid pressure booster to communicate with an external source of pressure fluid without passing through a valve mechanism of the liquid pressure booster. A first open/close valve is operative to open or close the second supply passage, and a second open/close valve is effective to open or close a discharge passage of the liquid pressure booster. A controller controls the first and the second open/close valve. With this construction, the controller may be caused to open the first valve and to close the second valve to allow the pressure fluid to be introduced into the power chamber through the second supply passage without depressing a brake pedal to cause a forward movement of an input shaft. In this manner, the liquid pressure booster can be operated automatically, and thus such booster can be advantageously used in an automatic braking unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 31, 1991
    Assignee: Jidosha Kiki Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Masaru Konishi
  • Patent number: 5067534
    Abstract: The invention concerns a spindle drive for a veneer lathe. In view of reducing the mobile masses of the drive gear equipment making the lathe better adaptable to different log lengths, the opposite spindles in the lathe are provided with drive motors of their own. In the preferred embodiment, the rotor of the motor is mounted directly on the spindle and the stator is mounted on a frame unit displaceable on guides. The motor may be an electric motor provided with speed regulation, or it may be a hydraulic motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1991
    Assignee: Raute Oy
    Inventor: Juha Toivio
  • Patent number: 5044255
    Abstract: The vacuum servomotor comprises a main casing (12) divided sealingly on the inside into first and second chambers (10, 20) by a flexible membrane (9) bearing on a rigid disk (7) integral with an activating piston (3). The first chamber (10) is subjected to a low pressure, while the second chamber (20) is subjected either to this low pressure or to a higher pressure. An auxiliary casing (25) is integral with the rigid disk (7) and projects into the first chamber (10), an auxiliary piston (27) sealingly dividing the auxiliarly casing (25) on the inside into third and fourth chambers (30, 40), the third chamber (30) being closed by the rigid disk (7), the auxiliary piston (27) being mounted stationary relative to the main casing (12).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1991
    Assignee: Bendix Europe Services Techniques
    Inventors: Jean-Jacques Carre, Philippe Castel, Pascal Le Normand
  • Patent number: 5016672
    Abstract: A fluid controller (11) is provided of the type including a primary, rotatable spool valve (35) and a relatively rotatable follow-up sleeve valve (37). The spool and sleeve define a main fluid path in response to relative rotation, the main fluid path including flow through a fluid meter (17). In accordance with the invention, the spool and sleeve are also moveable axailly relative to each other to define a separate fluid path, in parallel with the main fluid path, the parallel fluid path preferrably excluding the fluid meter (17). Axial actuation of the spool and sleeve relative to each other may be accomplished by controlling fluid pressure in a pair of axial fluid chambers (69, 83). The control of the fluid pressure may be accomplished by any suitable electrohydraulic means (95) or hydromechanical means (181).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1991
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventor: Dwight B. Stephenson
  • Patent number: 4955195
    Abstract: A fluid control circuit and method of operating equipment such as a blowout preventer having a two-way hydraulic piston and cylinder assembly. The circuit includes various features such as a dual pressure level independently controlled fluid supply, a dedicated secondary fluid supply reserved for supplemental use, a dedicated fluid supply reserved for exclusive use in one operating branch, automatic sensor for applying a reserve fluid supply on a sensed demand, a pressure intensifier for increasing available operating force, and control circuitry for preventing loss of enhanced secondary operating energy into a primary circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1988
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1990
    Assignee: Stewart & Stevenson Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Marvin R. Jones, Joseph L. LeMoine
  • Patent number: 4930401
    Abstract: Several embodiments are disclosed of an automatic shutoff valve apparatus for permitting removal, repair, or replacement of a control valve from a mounting base without deactivating a complete system. In addition, a redundancy arrangement is disclosed wherein the shutoff valve apparatus and at least two control valves are employed in parallel so that the device activated by the control valves can be maintained operative when one control valve malfunctions or is removed, repaired, or replaced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 5, 1990
    Assignee: Ross Operating Valve Company
    Inventors: Russell J. Cameron, Richard P. Krape, Robert N. Winsand
  • Patent number: 4858646
    Abstract: The hydraulic pressure for operating the two wheel drive/four wheel drive switchover clutch in the part-time type four wheel drive device or the central differential lock-up clutch in the full-time type four wheel drive device is produced by a combination of a pressure regulation valve and two switchover valves to be selectable among several substantially different pressure levels so that the four wheel drive device can be quickly switched over between the complete four wheel operation and the complete two wheel operation, including one or more intermediate half clutched incomplete four wheel operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 22, 1989
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Kato, Koujiro Kuramochi, Shinya Nakamura, Yasuo Houjo
  • Patent number: 4827830
    Abstract: A towveyor cart for use in hoisting an object and in particular an object having first and second interconnected portions from a first level to a fully raised level. The towveyor cart has control means which include a main control valve for simultaneously raising the jacks to an intermediate position between the lowermost position and the fully raised position and separate jogging valves for controlling each of the jacks separately between the intermediate and raised positions. In this way, both jacks can be simultaneously rapidly raised to the intermediate position and then independently jogged by the jogging valves to the final fully raised position. Horizontal adjusting means are provided so that a combination of horizontal and vertical adjustment for each jack, independent of the other jack, is obtained. Additionally, the towveyor cart is provided with an improved air reservoir which is mounted beneath the work platform of the cart as opposed to the conventional location which is on the platform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 9, 1989
    Assignee: American Hydrostatics Manufacturing Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph DelProposto, Donald R. Beleski
  • Patent number: 4794842
    Abstract: For connecting servohydraulic linear or rotation drives to a line with impressed pressure a valve means is provided which shuts off the pressure-carrying lines in leakage-free manner and connects the consumer line pressure-free to the tank. For a trial setting operation a fluid flow of reduced pressure and amount can be supplied to the consumers via an auxiliary means. The connection of the consumers is surge-free.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 1987
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1989
    Assignee: Mannesmann Rexroth GmbH
    Inventor: Hermann Eiden
  • Patent number: 4778225
    Abstract: A vehicle braking system equipped with an adaptive braking system with traction control to control drive wheel slip during vehicle acceleration includes a conventional vacuum brake booster having a vacuum chamber normally connected to engine manifold vacuum and an atmospheric chamber connected to the vacuum chamber when the brakes are released but which is connected to atmosphere when a brake application is effected. The traction control system includes a control unit which actuates a solenoid valve under wheel slip conditions during vehicle acceleration to cut off communication between the vacuum chamber and engine manifold vacuum. The traction control system also cuts off communication between the vacuum chamber and the atmospheric chamber and initiates communication of the atmospheric chamber directly to engine manifold vacuum, thereby effecting a brake application proportional to engine manifold vacuum, which varies as a function of engine power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 18, 1988
    Assignee: Allied-Signal Inc.
    Inventors: Robert S. Rudolph, Thomas J. Hoffman, Jerry L. Cage, Michael E. Gatt
  • Patent number: 4759256
    Abstract: Apparatus for controlling fluid communication with a fluid pressure system includes parallel flow paths connected to the system. A first flow path includes first valve apparatus for selectively closing the flow path. The second flow path includes relief valve apparatus responsive to fluid pressure in the second flow path to move from a closed configuration to an open configuration. Switching apparatus, including sensors for detecting the condition of the system, operate to close the first valve apparatus in response to pre-determined threshold values of such condition. Fluid communication from the system may thereafter occur along the second flow path at the relief valve apparatus opens in response to pressure buildup in the flow path. A third flow path, parallel to the first two flow paths, may be provided with throttling apparatus for controlled communication of fluid along such third flow path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1986
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1988
    Assignee: NL Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Sheldon L. Kovit, Bryan K. Yam, Douglas W. J. Nayler
  • Patent number: 4750406
    Abstract: A hydraulic power booster, in particular for the actuation of a master cylinder in a brake system of an automotive vehicle is disclosed including a pressure fluid source, a valve assembly by means of which the pressure fluid is adapted to be introduced into a booster chamber in dependence upon an actuating force. An axially slidable stepped booster piston confines the booster chamber and is provided with two piston parts of different diameters which are movable axially relative to one another by a predetermined amount. To enable instantaneous pressure build-up in the working chambers of the master cylinder upon commencement of braking, an intermediate piston part is coupled to the primary piston of the master cylinder and is caused to move ahead of the actual booster piston part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1986
    Date of Patent: June 14, 1988
    Assignee: Alfred Teves GmbH
    Inventor: Juan Belart
  • Patent number: 4711089
    Abstract: A hydraulic system for an aircraft to provide improved reserve capability for the thrust reverser power system. There is a fluid reservoir having a vent tube with an inlet location located above the bottom wall of the reservoir. In the event that fluid in the reservoir reaches a predetermined low level, supply and pressure isolation valves isolate at least one pump from the rest of the hydraulic system, and also start that pump operating, with a reserve supply of fluid being available for supplying power for the thrust reverser.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1987
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventor: Ralph Archung
  • Patent number: 4706545
    Abstract: In a brake valve of the type in which a given ratio is maintained between a master pressure developed by a brake pedal and an actual brake pressure, an arrangement is provided for continuous, rather than stepwise, adjustment of this ratio. The brake valve includes a control piston which is subjected to the master pressure and which, by the displacement thereof, opens and closes connecting channels between an accumulator containing a primary pressure fluid and a brake, as well as between the brake and a fluid collecting tank. The control piston and a measurement piston apply counter forces to the arms of a balance beam whose lever ratio determines the degree of feedback of the instantaneous brake pressure to the control piston. A stop is provided in the path of the axis of the control piston, which limits the stroke of the piston, to prevent the overloading of the balance beam during abnormally high braking pressures such as occur, for instance, during panic braking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1987
    Assignee: Mannesmann Rexroth GmbH
    Inventors: Dietmar Gossl, Ludwig Muncke, Kurt Wittich
  • Patent number: 4704865
    Abstract: A hydraulic system for an aircraft to provide improved reserve capability for the steering and reserve brake power system. There is a fluid reservoir having a vent tube with an inlet location located above the bottom wall of the reservoir. In the event that fluid in the reservoir reaches a predetermined low level, supply and pressure isolation valves isolate at least one pump from the rest of the hydraulic system, with a reserve supply of fluid being available for supplying power for the steering wheel and reserve brakes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1987
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventor: Ralph Archung
  • Patent number: 4681196
    Abstract: A brake booster (10, 210, 310) connected to a control circuit (120) provides a system for the continued braking of a vehicle when the vehicle is situated on an incline and the brake pedal (92) is released by the operator. Continued brake application is accomplished by utilizing a control circuit (120) responsive to vehicular attitude, clutch pedal position, ignition status, vehicular speed, and vehicular direction. The control circuit (120) is connected to the combination of a check valve and three-way solenoid valve (100, 200, 300) connected to a movable wall brake booster (10, 210, 310). The combination valve (100) is connected to a flexible hose (110) disposed interiorily of the booster (10), the other end of the flexible hose (110) connected to the input opening (32) of a three-way poppet valve (70) located at the central hub (30) of the booster (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1984
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1987
    Assignee: Allied Corporation
    Inventors: Keith H. Fulmer, Arthur K. Peebles, Hugh D. Steininger
  • Patent number: 4667471
    Abstract: A brake booster (10, 210, 310) connected to a control circuit (120) provides for continued braking of a vehicle when the vehicle is situated on an incline and the brake pedal (92) is released by the operator. Continued brake application is accomplished by utilizing a control circuit (120) responsive to vehicular attitude, clutch pedal position, ignition status, vehicular speed, and vehicular direction. The control circuit (120) is connected to a combination check valve and three-way solenoid valve (100, 200, 300) connected to a movable wall brake booster (10, 210, 310). The combination valve (100) is connected to a flexible hose (110) disposed interiorily of the booster (10), the other end of the flexible hose (110) connected to the input opening (32) of a three-way poppet valve (70) located at the central hub (30) of the booster (10).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1984
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1987
    Assignee: Allied Corporation
    Inventors: Keith H. Fulmer, Arthur K. Peebles
  • Patent number: 4633757
    Abstract: A brake booster can switch operating mode from a positive-pressure mode using a signal-controlled fluid pressure supplier to a vacuum-pressure mode and vice versa. The booster includes a booster converter holding both an air valve and a vacuum valve of the booster closed in the positive-pressure mode or holding the booster air valve in its closed and open positions while holding the booster vacuum valve in its open and closed positions respectively when the brake pedal is released and depressed in the vacuum mode. The fluid pressure supplier is enabled while both booster valves are in the closed position in the positive-pressure mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1984
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1987
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Company, Limited
    Inventor: Hitoshi Kubota
  • Patent number: 4624622
    Abstract: A fail-safe system is used in a control unit for opening and closing guide vanes of a pump-turbine apparatus operable in both of pump operation mode and turbine operation mode. The fail-safe system has a wire carried by a rotatable sheave adapted for transmitting an information concerning an opening degree of the guide vanes, a weight suspended from one end of the wire, an operation rod disposed below and in alignment with the weight in the direction of action of the force of gravity, and a change-over valve adapted to be switched by the operation rod. When the wire is cut off accidentally, the weight drops onto the operation rod to depress the latter to switch the change-over valve so that a servo-motor is switched to make the guide vanes close at predetermined rates of change of the opening degree in respective operation modes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1983
    Date of Patent: November 25, 1986
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takao Kuwabara, Keitaro Takiguchi
  • Patent number: 4606257
    Abstract: The drive system for cells for fused salt electrolytic production of aluminum is supplied with compressed air via a compressed air network with compressor and compressed air reservoir. It comprises at least one working cylinder with piston and piston rod, a slide valve situated after the junction from the compressed air network, compressed air pipes and a microprocessor. During the thrust movement in the normal work cycle, the working cylinder forms a circuit together with a 5/2 channeling valve, a 3/2 channeling valve and the related compressed air pipelines; the said circuit is fed compressed air via a pressure reducing valve and the compressed air pipeline running from it. By briefly switching over the 5/2 channeling valve normal pressure can be employed and the positive chamber of the working cylinder evacuated, as a result of which the thrusting force supplied by the system can be greatly increased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 19, 1986
    Assignee: Swiss Aluminium Ltd.
    Inventor: Hans Pfister
  • Patent number: 4585071
    Abstract: A retractable tool apparatus is adapted to be mounted on a movable vehicle for working the area around and between objects in a row. The tool apparatus includes an extendable and retractable outrigger arm attachable on one of its ends to the vehicle. A work tool is mounted on the other end of the outrigger arm. An electro-hydraulic control system controls the retraction of the outrigger arm. This control system includes sensors in the form of a pair of wands mounted on the outrigger arm to sense objects in proximity to the work tool before the work tool contacts the objects. The first wand activates the control system upon contact with an object to retract the work tool. The second wand holds the control system in its retraction mode upon contact with the object even after the first wand has cleared the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1982
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1986
    Assignee: Jack F. Anderson
    Inventors: Jack F. Anderson, Clayton Melrose
  • Patent number: 4579038
    Abstract: Disclosed is a representative agricultural implement towed by a tractor equipped by a hydraulic power source connected to a lift mechanism for raising and lowering the implement frame so as to vary the ground-working depth of the working tools. The frame carries a sensor responsive to changes in implement depth above and below a preselected norm. This sensor serves as the input for the inventive control valve and system so as to control the implement lift system automatically. The valve is designed as a four-position valve, with one of the positions serving dual modes so that the system produces fast and slow raising, fast and slow lowering and a neutral or balanced position. The valve has a pressure port connected to the pressure side of the tractor source via a manual valve to afford three of the four active positions with one setting of the manual valve. The fourth active position (fast raise) is achieved by changing the manual valve to reverse the pressure and return ports in the depth control valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 1, 1986
    Assignee: Deere & Company
    Inventor: David C. Winter
  • Patent number: 4498854
    Abstract: This relates to a pneumatic feed system for moving a labeler head of a labeling apparatus for depositing labels in mold halves of a blow molding apparatus. The relatively heavy labeler head must be rapidly accelerated and then rapidly decelerated and at the same time moved sufficiently so as to provide for a large number of back and forth cycles per minute. There is provided in association with compressible shock absorbers a pneumatic system including a high pressure supply and a low pressure supply together with throttle valves such that the gas in the unpressurized end of the cylinder is rapidly compressed near the end of the stroke to function as a shock absorber and further, the cylinder is of a much larger diameter than that required for moving the labeler head so as to permit for the rapid acceleration as well as the rapid deceleration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 1982
    Date of Patent: February 12, 1985
    Assignee: Continental Packaging Company, Inc.
    Inventor: John M. Ross
  • Patent number: 4487335
    Abstract: A free-flowing granular material storage bin of the type having an inflatable dual-walled, cup-shaped bag with a fan for inflating and deflating the bag has a single valve assembly of unique construction for controlling high volume low pressure flow for inflation and deflation cycles. The cycles are themselves automatically controlled from sensing units which sense when the bag is fully emptied and fully deflated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1984
    Assignee: Vincent C. Bonerb
    Inventor: Timothy C. Bonerb
  • Patent number: 4476678
    Abstract: The control mechanism is for pneumatic apparatus of the kind comprising a piston-and-cylinder motor coupled between two relatively-movable parts (such as door-leaves) for driving them, when energized, to a predetermined relative position. A pilot valve is actuated when required to switch the apparatus to an emergency mode by isolating the motor from its power source and discharging it into an emergency reservoir having a volume large compared with the maximum volume of gas in the motor. While the pilot valve is actuated, the relatively-movable parts are urged towards their predetermined relative positions by a force small compared with the normal operating force. The pilot valve may be arranged to operate operation of an emergency release bolt, on obstruction detected by a detector valve (in which case a timing reservoir provides time delay before full power is restored), on power failure, or as required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 1981
    Date of Patent: October 16, 1984
    Assignee: PLC Peters Limited
    Inventor: John L. Hall
  • Patent number: 4471805
    Abstract: A control valve for controlling the flow of fluid to and from a single-acting cylinder and having a metered flow-controlling valve section and a rotatable valve member movable to four different positions to provide four different operations of the single-acting cylinder, namely: rapid advance, slow metered advance, hold and return.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1981
    Date of Patent: September 18, 1984
    Assignee: Owatonna Tool Company
    Inventors: James C. Solie, James I. Masterman, Michael T. Landrum, Larry D. Allard
  • Patent number: 4463656
    Abstract: For supplying a compressible driving fluid, preferably air, under pressure from a source to a motor of the kind comprising a housing, in which a body is reciprocable between predetermined end positions while dividing the interior of the housing into two chambers alternatingly serving as fluid receiving chambers, a drive system composed of conventional valves and other circuit components is provided, which assures that the driving fluid is supplied to the pressure chamber at a reduced pressure during the finishing phase of each operating stroke of the motor. The source is presupposed to deliver the compressible fluid under a pressure substantially exceeding the fluid pressure required for driving the motor under its anticipated maximum load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 1982
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1984
    Assignee: Verktygsindustrie I Blidsberg AB
    Inventor: Per-Arne Mattsson
  • Patent number: 4454715
    Abstract: A fluid control system (10) has a first fluid pump (12) for supplying pressurized fluid in interrupted series to first and second work elements (14,16). The first work element (14) in the series has priority which prevents simultaneous full power operation of the first and second work elements (14,16). A second fluid pump (24) is capable of supplying pressurized fluid to the second work element (16) only upon receiving a signal indicating that pressurized fluid from the first pump (12) is being directed to the first work element (14). The subject fluid control system (10) is especially useful with a tree harvesting machine where it is beneficial to propel the machine and at the same time rotate the upper structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 1981
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1984
    Assignee: Caterpillar Tractor Co.
    Inventors: Thomas P. Muller, Leon A. Wirt