For Exhausting Contracting Working Chamber To Expanding Opposed Nonworking Patents (Class 91/440)
  • Patent number: 9003956
    Abstract: A fluid cylinder mechanism (1) equipped with a cylinder (10) having a base end (12) and an open end (11), and a piston (20) having a flange portion (21) disposed inside the cylinder and a rod portion (25) that passes through the open end of the cylinder, in which a space inside the cylinder is partitioned by the flange portion of the piston into a first pressured chamber (14) on a side of the base end and a second pressurized chamber (15) on a side of the open end, is characterized by including: a first flow path (22) that permits flow of a fluid from the first pressurized chamber to the second pressurized chamber; a second flow path (32) that permits flow of the fluid from the second pressurized chamber to the first pressurized chamber; and an opening and closing means (35) for opening and closing the second flow path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignees: Honda Motor Co., Ltd., Barnes Group Inc.
    Inventors: Kaoru Hirotani, Darrell Quander, Steven Reilly
  • Publication number: 20120042644
    Abstract: The invention relates to a mobile hydraulic system for a hybrid vehicle, comprising a hydraulic accumulator device (22), which comprises a high-pressure accumulator chamber (34) and a low-pressure accumulator chamber (35), between which a hydraulic drive unit is connected, wherein the hydraulic drive unit is used to convey an incompressible fluid from the low-pressure accumulator chamber (35) into the high-pressure accumulator chamber (34) in an accumulator operating state, wherein the incompressible fluid can be discharged from the high-pressure accumulator chamber into the low-pressure accumulator chamber (35) in a drive operating state in order to hydraulically drive the hydraulic drive unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 25, 2010
    Publication date: February 23, 2012
    Applicant: ROBERT BOSCH GMBH
    Inventor: Bjoern Noack
  • Patent number: 7634911
    Abstract: An energy recovery system for a machine is disclosed. The energy recovery system may have a pump configured to provide a flow of pressurized fluid. The energy recovery system may also have a first fluid actuator with a first chamber and a second chamber and being configured to receive the pressurized fluid, a second fluid actuator with a third chamber and a fourth chamber and being configured to receive the pressurized fluid, and a first valve fluidly connected between the pump and the first and second actuators. The energy recovery system may additionally include an isolation unit with a first selectively restrictable passageway fluidly connecting the first chamber, the third chamber, and a first outlet of the first valve, and a second selectively restrictable passageway fluidly connecting the second chamber, the fourth chamber, and a second outlet of the first valve, as well as an energy recovery unit in fluid communication with the isolation unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2009
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventor: Jason L. Brinkman
  • Patent number: 7603856
    Abstract: A heavy-construction machine (1) including a working implement (5) having one or a number of arms (6) articulated with regard to the chassis (2) of the machine. An assembly consisting of at least one hydraulic cylinder (7) that causes the working implement (5) to move relative to the chassis (2) is provided together with a hydraulic circuit that supplies these cylinders based on the control commands issued by a hydraulic manipulator. The machine is capable of operating according to two distinct modes of which one is a lifting mode and the other is a loading mode. In each mode, cylinder travel can be freed when the manipulator is in a predetermined position corresponding to a position referred to as floating control. The machine further includes a mechanism for rendering the floating control position of the manipulator inactive when the machine is operating in lifting mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2009
    Assignee: Volvo Construction Equipment AB
    Inventor: Gilles Florean
  • Patent number: 6295917
    Abstract: A lost motion cylinder has a hydraulic cylinder having a moving piston therein wherein the piston head divides the cylinder into first and second compartments; a first conduit connected to the second compartment of the cylinder to deliver a flow of lubrication oil therein; a second conduit connected to the upper portion of the cylinder to return oil therein to a reservoir; a third conduit interconnecting the first and second conduits; a first check valve in the first conduit to permit oil to flow only towards the cylinder; a second check valve in the third conduit only to permit oil to flow from the second conduit to the first conduit; and an adjustable flow control element in the second conduit whereby the flow of oil from the cylinder to a reservoir can be selectively adjusted wherein trapped oil in the second conduit will cushion the cylinder on the upward stroke of the piston; and trapped oil in the first and second conduits will cushion the cylinder on the downward stroke of the piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Inventor: Curt D. Richardson
  • Patent number: 6267041
    Abstract: A fluid regeneration circuit for a hydraulic system having at least one hydraulic actuating cylinder associated therewith, the present circuit including a control valve connected in fluid communication with the actuating cylinder for controlling the operation thereof, a regeneration valve connected in fluid communication with the control valve and with the head and rod end portions of the cylinder, a position sensor coupled to the actuating cylinder for sensing the position of the piston within the cylinder during movement thereof, and a controller coupled to the position sensor, the control valve and the regeneration valve for controlling fluid flow to and from the actuating cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2001
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Richard J. Skiba, Vijay P. Shah, Kenneth L. Stratton
  • Patent number: 6148711
    Abstract: A spring brake actuator being divided into a first spring brake chamber and a second spring brake chamber by a diaphragm extending across the actuator. A pressure plate is provided in the first spring brake chamber and rests on the diaphragm. A power spring is positioned between the spring brake chamber housing and the pressure plate to urge the pressure plate toward the bottom of the actuator housing. Pressurized air is supplied to the second spring brake chamber to hold the power spring in a compressed state. A normally closed one-way check valve extends through the pressure plate and the diaphragm to provide for temporary fluid communication between the first spring brake chamber and the second spring brake chamber upon the exhausting of pressurized air from the second spring brake chamber to thereby prevent the creation of a vacuum in the first spring brake chamber that might retard the application rate of the spring brake actuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Assignee: Holland Neway International, Inc.
    Inventor: Steven M. Stojic
  • Patent number: 6095028
    Abstract: The invention relates to a hydraulic unit for feeding an object at a desired feed speed a distance in a given feed direction during a working stroke and, in a return stroke, bringing the object back to the initial position at a considerably greater return speed, comprising a double-acting working cylinder (1) with a piston (16), the piston rod (17) of which is connected to the object which is to be moved, and a receiver cylinder (2) which is provided with a second piston (28) and designed to be filled with oil from the working cylinder during the return stroke, the first piston (16) and the second piston (28) being interconnected by a rigid connecting member (31) which forces the second piston to follow the movements of the first piston.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2000
    Assignee: Kvaerner Pulping AB
    Inventors: Axel Stig Lam.ang.s, Allan Sven Jonsson
  • Patent number: 5950427
    Abstract: An electro-hydraulic valve actuator comprising an actuator casing; a piston/rack means in the casing having walls reciprocating linearly to effect linear movements, the reciprocating walls defining a center chamber therebetween and two outside chambers inside the casing; an output shaft in communication with the piston/rack means for driving a valve, the output shaft effecting rotational movements in response to the linear movements of the piston/rack means; resilient return means in each of the two outside chambers engaging the reciprocating walls of the piston/rack means and inner end walls of the casing, the resilient return means biasing the reciprocating walls of the piston/rack means to a closed position; a pumping means; a primary internal flow path for transferring hydraulic fluid from the pumping means to a first output port and into the center chamber, the hydraulic fluid in the center chamber causing the piston/rack means to expand in the casing to transmit the linear movements to the output shaft;
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1999
    Assignee: Worcester Controls Licensco, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul D. Demerjian, Jr., Douglas A. Robbie, Steven P. Bernard
  • Patent number: 5893317
    Abstract: Pneumatic beater, the beating piston (18) of which is conducted in a movable fashion inside a housing (2) and can be pre-stressed on one side of the piston (18) by means of a pressurizing space (40) against the restoring force of a pressure spring (26) which is provided in a spring space (28) on the other side of the piston (18) inside the housing (2), and in which the connecting channel (42) for the compressed air from the pressurizing space (40) into the spring space (28), which channel can be freed by means of an automatic, quick-acting ventilation valve (48), is conducted directly through the piston (18). Inside the spring space, the channel (42) is extended by means of a pipe (34) which contains the valve arrangement (48). In a first form of implementation, the pipe (34) is solidly affixed to the housing and extends into a bore (30) in the piston, which is conducted over the pipe (34) in a sliding fashion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1999
    Assignee: Netter GmbH
    Inventor: Dietrich Kroger
  • Patent number: 5740988
    Abstract: A failsafe nozzle actuating system for an aircraft gas turbine engine axisymmetric vectoring exhaust nozzle has a vectoring ring operably linked to a plurality of pivotal flaps which are circumferentially disposed about a nozzle centerline and bounding an exhaust gas flowpath in the nozzle. The failsafe nozzle actuating system has at least two independently operable first and second vectoring actuating systems including first and second groups of actuators operably connected to the vectoring ring and first and second failsafe control means to control power to the first and second groups of actuators, respectively. The first group of vectoring actuators is interdigitated with the second group of second vectoring actuators around the nozzle. Either of the two groups of actuators are operable to actuate the nozzle when the other group is failsafed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1998
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Robert M. Ausdenmoore
  • Patent number: 5615595
    Abstract: Tandem arranged cylinders having a common wall therebetween, with a common piston rod extending through said common wall, said rod carrying a piston for reciprocation within each said cylinder, and a valve member for fluid communication between said cylinders, permitting pressure equalization therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 1, 1997
    Assignee: Bettis Corporation
    Inventor: Albert S. Davis
  • Patent number: 5415076
    Abstract: Fluid regeneration circuits are useful for filling expanding sides of a hydraulic cylinder with fluid being exhausted from the other side. The currently available circuits pass the excess fluid not needed for filling the expanded side of the cylinder through the directional control valve to the tank such that the directional control valve must be actuated for the regeneration valve assembly to function. A combined meter-out and regeneration valve assembly of the present invention is used in a hydraulic system having a directional control valve for metering in pump to cylinder fluid flow and includes a meter-out valve to meter-out cylinder to tank fluid flow from a head end actuating chamber. The fluid passing through the meter-out valve passes through an exhaust conduit to a tank bypassing the directional control valve. This permits the meter-out valve to be used independently of the directional control valve to retract a hydraulic cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1995
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: John J. Krone, Kazunori Yoshino
  • Patent number: 5275086
    Abstract: A fluid actuator of the type for producing reciprocal movement is provided having a cylindrical housing adapted to be secured to a relatively stationary object. The cylindrical housing includes first and second end portions and respective first and second fluid ports positioned therein. A piston is disposed for relative movement within the cylindrical housing and defines first and second fluid chambers within the housing. The first fluid chamber is in communication with the first fluid port and the second fluid chamber is in communication with the second fluid port. A piston rod connects to the piston and extends outwardly from the first end portion of the housing. The piston rod is adapted to be connected to an object to be moved. A conduit communicates with the first fluid chamber through the first fluid port in the first end portion of the housing and extends longitudinally from the first fluid port alongside the housing to the second end portion of the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 4, 1994
    Assignee: Unlimited Solutions, Inc.
    Inventor: J. Craig Stallings, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5214997
    Abstract: The control circuit of a double-acting hydraulic jack (10), consisting of a piston (12) connected to an output rod (18) and separating a cylinder into two chambers (14, 16), comprises a source of fluid under pressure (20, 26), a distribution system (28, 28', 52, 52') alternately putting one of the chambers, or control chamber, in communication with the source of fluid under pressure (20, 26) and the other chamber, or controlled chamber, in communication with a reservoir of fluid under low pressure (25), in order to control the movement of the piston (12) of the jack (10). The jack comprises an auxiliary circuit (50, 120, 122) for preventing communication between the controlled chamber and the reservoir (25), interrupting communication between the control chamber and the source of fluid under pressure (20, 26) and allowing communication between the controlled and control chambers when the pressure of the fluid in the controlled chamber exceeds a predetermined value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1993
    Assignee: Bendix Europe Services Techniques
    Inventor: Pierre Lebret
  • Patent number: 5140895
    Abstract: A double acting hydraulic cylinder is a die cushion for a press, with an upper and a lower chamber in communication with each other and with a differential pressure between the two chambers automatically controlled by a valve mechanism. With the differential pressure controlled according to one of several desired curves, the die cushion capability during press operation can be changed and adjusted to a valve suitable for the product to be processed and so a wide variety of products can be produced in high quality and high efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1992
    Assignee: Aida Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shozo Imanishi
  • Patent number: 5129311
    Abstract: A piston assembly comprising a primary piston and a co-centric secondary piston. The pistons are received within a housing for reciprocating movement therein and relative to each other. The housing and the pistons are arranged for operating pressure to be applied to the secondary piston so as to drive both pistons within the housing. The secondary piston is provided with means enabling the operating pressure to be equalized across the secondary piston and at least one bypass passage extends through the secondary piston. The arrangement is such that upon completion of the stroke of the pistons pressure equalization occurs across the secondary piston which causes the pistons to separate. The bypass passage becomes fully operable subsequent to pressure equalization, whereby a fast return stroke is achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1992
    Assignee: National-Oilwell (UK) Ltd.
    Inventor: R. Hart
  • Patent number: 5086688
    Abstract: The hydraulic booster device for a brake circuit, comprises a body (30) pierced with a bore (32), in which slide coaxially a pusher (25) controlled by a brake pedal and a piston means (34) located between first (5) and second (33) chambers containing a brake fluid, the first chamber (5) receiving at least one spring (51, 52) which loads the pusher (25) and the piston means (34) away from one another, the first (5) and second (33) chambers being connected respectively to sources of fluid under low pressure (11) and under high pressure (13) by valve mechanism (15). An auxiliary chamber (4) of a volume variable as a function of the position of the pusher (25m), made in the bore (32), communicates with the first chamber (5), on the one hand permanently by way of a restriction (6) and on the other hand by an auxiliary valve mechanism (3) allowing communication during an increased in the volume of the auxiliary chamber (4) and preventing it during a reduction of the latter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1992
    Assignee: Bendix Europe Services Techniques
    Inventor: Gilbert Kervagoret
  • Patent number: 5065664
    Abstract: A hydraulic control circuit arrangement for a single-acting cylinder provided with bottom and rod chambers separated by a piston having a piston rod extending the rod chamber, the arrangement including a directional control valve for controlling a supply of an operating oil from a hydraulic pump to the bottom chamber and an evacuation of the operating oil from both the bottom and rod chambers, a first pilot-operated valve for controlling the type of operation of the single-acting cylinder from a ram type to a piston type, and vice versa, in response to a change in an extent of a load applied to the single-acting cylinder during the lifting thereof, a short-circuiting conduit arranged between the bottom and rod chambers of the cylinder to short-circuit a flow of the operating oil from the bottom to rod chamber, and vice versa, a second pilot-operated valve located in the short-circuiting conduit to control the short-circuiting of the flow of operating oil, and a flow control valve for generating a pressure in
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1991
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyoda Jidoshokki Seisakusho
    Inventors: Shuji Ohta, Toshiyuki Takeuchi
  • Patent number: 5046402
    Abstract: The device serves to convert rotary motion to hydraulic pressure and vice versa. A piston assembly is entirely located within a cylinder, including a piston head and a piston stem fixed to the piston head. The piston assembly divides the cylinder into two distinct variable volume chambers to be filled with a fluid. The piston assembly is prevented from rotating relative to the cylinder. A rotary shaft extends through one closed end of the cylinder and has an inner portion in telescopic and threaded engagement with the piston stem. Two fluid ports communicate with the respective chambers for allowing a fluid to alternatively exit from and enter into the chambers. Rotation of the shaft causes longitudinal displacement of the piston assembly relative to the cylinder or vice versa. The device can have different applications: for instance, if a throttle valve is connected across the two ports, controlled braking of the shaft rotated by an external torque, is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 10, 1991
    Inventor: Jean-Hugues Lagace
  • Patent number: 5038669
    Abstract: A double-cylinder construction which can be used not only in large-sized compression molding machines but also in small-sized or medium-sized compression molding machines. In the double-cylinder construction of the present invention, a ram slidably fitted within an outer cylinder is provided in the center thereof with a hollow part. A rod slidably fitted in said hollow part is fixed to the bottom of said outer cylinder without penetrating said bottom thereof, and said rod does not contain an oil passage within. The double-cylinder construction always contains a certain amount of oil within and this self-contained oil is moved back and forth within the double-cylinder construction when the ram is being moved up and down. Therefore, the amount of oil supplied to the double-cylinder construction from outside is very small.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 13, 1991
    Assignee: Fugaku Koki Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Tsuyoshi Maruyama
  • Patent number: 5031508
    Abstract: A pneumatically operated hydraulically intensified rivet setting tool exhausts into the intensifier sleeve above the piston where the air expands and exits between the sleeve and the housing through a ring plenum and out an exit conduit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 16, 1991
    Assignee: Emhart Inc.
    Inventor: Richard J. Babyak
  • Patent number: 5007327
    Abstract: A hydraulic servo actuator adapted to control a driven member in accordance with an operation of a servo circuit through which servo oil flows comprises a main cylinder and an associated piston, associated piston being reciprocable within the cylinder and the main cylinder divided by the piston into a first chamber and a second chamber which are adapted to be in fluid communication with the servo oil, a damper means provided within the main piston for dampening reciprocating movement of the main piston. A hydraulic servo actuator also includes a throttle means for imparting a predetermined restriction to the servo oil that flows between the second chamber and the damper means along the predetermined passage formed within the cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 16, 1991
    Assignee: Teijin Seiki Company Limited
    Inventors: Toshio Kamimura, Shigeyuki Takagi
  • Patent number: 4964273
    Abstract: A fluid-operated actuator (2) is connected to a pumping unit (12) through a control unit (10) in which are mounted control valves (30,32) for regulating the movements of the actuator. The control valves communicate with the actuator and the pumping unit through conduits in replaceable adaptor plates (60a,60b,60c). By changing the adaptor plates, different operating modes of the actuator can be selected. The pumping unit is carried on the control unit through a rotationally adjustable connection to permit it to be mounted upright although the orientation of the actuator and control unit may vary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 23, 1990
    Assignee: Kinetrol Limited of Trading Estate
    Inventor: John V. Nash
  • Patent number: 4955282
    Abstract: A multi-chamberal hydraulic cylinder and valve system utilizes a single relatively low flow rate pump to provide pressurized fluid during travel, compression and retraction of the piston rod. The piston rod has an effective diameter greater than its physical diameter due to the additional forces applied on an annular piston which is also used to extend and retract the piston rod without supplying pressurized fluid to the interior of the hollow piston rod except during the compression portion of the stroke.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1990
    Inventor: Ronald W. Ranson
  • Patent number: 4861259
    Abstract: A mold clamping device is disclosed. The device includes a clamping ram, whose front end is connected to a moveable board of an injection molding machine, slidably fitted in a clamping cylinder, and a support cylinder provided in parallel to the clamping cylinder. A support piston is slidably positioned in the support cylinder, and the front end of the rod of the support piston is connected to the moveable board of the injection molding machine. A front chamber and a rear chamber of the clamping cylinder, divided by the piston section of the clamping ram, and a front chamber of the support cylinder are connected by an oil path. There is provided a valve for opening or closing the connection between the rear chamber of the clamping cylinder and the front chamber of the clamping cylinder and the front chamber of the support cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 29, 1989
    Assignee: Nissei Jushi Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Minoru Takada
  • Patent number: 4773300
    Abstract: A fluid-pressure-operated, three position working cylinder includes a cylindrical housing having a graduated bore formed therein and a movable primary piston dividing the bore into first and second pressure chambers. A movable secondary piston surrounds a portion of the primary piston and moves relative to the primary piston within the limits of a piston stop arrangement formed on opposing surfaces of the pistons. The piston stop arrangement includes an elastic stop on the primary piston which interacts with a sloped stop formed on the secondary piston so that upon initial insertion of the secondary piston onto the primary piston, the sloped stop compresses the elastic stop. The sloped stop includes a lip portion that can contact the elastic stop so as to restrain the secondary piston from further movement in one direction relative to the primary piston. A vent passage formed in the housing allows venting of the space between the two pistons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1984
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1988
    Assignee: WABCO Westinghouse Fahrzeugbremsen GmbH
    Inventors: Alfred Klatt, Karlheinz Brinkmann
  • Patent number: 4221158
    Abstract: A spring brake actuator including an advantgeously formed housing having a longitudinally extending cavity therein for retaining a bolt useful in releasing spring induced brake application, and apparaus for selectively communicating fluid from one side of a spring piston of the actuator to the other side of that piston through the cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1978
    Date of Patent: September 9, 1980
    Assignee: Coulter Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Boleslaw M. Klimek, Sergio Campanini
  • Patent number: 4087073
    Abstract: Disclosed is a safety valve and hydraulic actuator for the safety valve. The safety valve includes a valve body and a valve member. The hydraulic actuator is adapted to be attached to the valve body and includes a cylinder and piston. A pilot valve controls the pressurizing of the cylinder to affect movement of the piston. This abstract is neither intended to define the scope of the invention, which, of course, is measured by the claims nor is it intended to be limiting in any way.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1976
    Date of Patent: May 2, 1978
    Assignee: Otis Engineering Corporation
    Inventors: James E. Runberg, Karl N. Tunstall