And Liquid Flow Modifying Or Mechanical Agitating Patents (Class 95/248)
  • Patent number: 11015405
    Abstract: A separation apparatus for separating constituents from effluent. The separation apparatus includes a gas diffuser, a hopper, and a tank. The gas diffuser includes an inlet inner tube for receiving effluent from a well. The hopper is disposed at least partially below the gas diffuser, and the tank is connected to the hopper. The gas diffuser is configured so that gas in the effluent is released from the effluent and into the atmosphere before the effluent enters the hopper. The hopper is configured so that liquid effluent in the hopper spills over a top portion of the hopper and into the tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2021
    Assignee: DHI—DALBO HOLDINGS, INC. & SUBSIDIARIES
    Inventor: Gary Coates
  • Patent number: 10183239
    Abstract: A deaerator shaft may have a tubular intake segment that forms an intake end of the deaerator shaft, a tubular sleeve attachment segment that is adjacent to the intake segment, a tubular central segment that is adjacent to the sleeve attachment segment, the central segment having a third diameter that is greater than the second diameter, the central segment comprising a protruding ring that radially extends from the central segment and divides the central segment, the protruding ring having opposing flat surfaces, and a tubular discharge segment that forms a discharge end of the deaerator shaft. A gear may have a central ring positioned along an axis, opposing tabs that extend from a first axial side of the central ring, and a shouldered ring that extends from a second axial side of the central ring, the shouldered ring having a lip that extends radially inward toward the axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPORATION
    Inventors: Andrew P. Grosskopf, Aaron M. Finke, Christine Lynn Ooyen
  • Patent number: 9005339
    Abstract: A method of treating flowback fluid comprising: introducing the flowback fluid into a first stage vertical separator to produce a first gas stream, a liquid stream, and a solids stream; passing the first gas stream from the first stage vertical separator to a sales line; passing the liquid stream from the first stage vertical separator to a second stage horizontal separator with the pressure in the second stage horizontal separator being less than the pressure in the first stage vertical separator but greater than atmospheric pressure to produce a second gas stream, a water stream; and a liquid hydrocarbon stream; passing the second gas stream from the second stage horizontal separator to a combustor or flare nozzle; passing the water stream from the second stage horizontal separator to a water storage tank; and passing the liquid hydrocarbon stream from the second stage horizontal separator to a liquid hydrocarbon storage tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Cimarron Energy, Inc.
    Inventor: James D. Whiteley
  • Patent number: 8663368
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for separating a first fluid from a fluid mixture. In one embodiment water containing methane is passed through an agitation chamber with a plate at the chamber's proximal and distal ends. Both plates have orifices permitting the mixed fluid to pass into and out of the agitation chamber. In one embodiment, the mixed fluid rotates about its axis of flow through the agitation chamber. In one embodiment, the mixed fluid passes through a separation chamber having a plurality of baffles that promote separation of the methane from the methane/water mixture. In one embodiment, the separated methane is removed from the water in a collection chamber that facilitates gravity separation of the mixed fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Inventors: Bret Hettinger Wolz, John Mayer Kaufman
  • Publication number: 20140013947
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for the treatment of a resin to remove gas from the resin are provided. The apparatus can be operated continuously so that multiple amounts of resin can be consecutively degassed until the overall desired amount of resin has been provided. Thus, batch treatment at one time of the entire desired amount of resin for degassing can be avoided. The gases removed from the resin can be readily captured such that e.g., further treatment can occur.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2011
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Xiaoming Liu
  • Patent number: 8366808
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for separating a first fluid from a fluid mixture. In one embodiment water containing methane is passed through an agitation chamber with a plate at the chamber's proximal and distal ends. Both plates have orifices permitting the mixed fluid to pass into and out of the agitation chamber. In one embodiment, the mixed fluid rotates about its axis of flow through the agitation chamber. In one embodiment, the mixed fluid passes through a separation chamber having a plurality of baffles that promote separation of the methane from the methane/water mixture. In one embodiment, the separated methane is removed from the water in a collection chamber that facilitates gravity separation of the mixed fluids. In one embodiment, liquid hydrocarbon is removed from water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: Hycap Energy LLC
    Inventors: Bret Hettinger Wolz, John Mayer Kaufman
  • Patent number: 8152904
    Abstract: A medical ultrasound system. A base unit is included having system electronics, a user interface and ultrasound control electronics. An ultrasound therapy head is in electronic communication with the base unit. The therapy head includes a replaceable, sealed transducer cartridge with a coupling fluid therein. A cooling system is provided for cooling the coupling fluid. A plurality of guide indicators are positioned around the therapy head to align with crossed lines on a patient so as to properly align the therapy head prior to use. The therapy head can provide variable treatments to an area while the therapy head is in contact with a patient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: LipoSonix, Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan K. Slobodzian, Gregory T. Wing
  • Patent number: 8152911
    Abstract: A tank system for capturing fluids from an oil or gas well. The system comprises a trailer, a tank body supported on the trailer, a separator supported on the trailer, and a sand trap supported on the trailer. The tank includes a gas buster line and a flare line. The tank body has a main inlet port at a top of the tank body and a vent port on a top of the tank body. The gas buster line is disposed in the tank body and is connected to the main inlet port. The gas buster line has multiple lengths of pipe sections, each pipe section increasing in length and diameter. The last section of the gas buster is characterized by a plurality of slots cut in a circumference of the pipe section to allow fluids in the gas buster line to disperse into the tank. The flare line is operatively connected to the vent port and includes an igniter to burn gases before they are vented to the atmosphere. The sand trap and the separator can be used as conditions require to treat fluids from a well before the fluids enter the tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Inventors: Michael E. Williams, Johnnie E. Melton, Tony E. Melton
  • Publication number: 20110303090
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for separating a first fluid from a fluid mixture. In one embodiment water containing methane is passed through an agitation chamber with a plate at the chamber's proximal and distal ends. Both plates have orifices permitting the mixed fluid to pass into and out of the agitation chamber. In one embodiment, the mixed fluid rotates about its axis of flow through the agitation chamber. In one embodiment, the mixed fluid passes through a separation chamber having a plurality of baffles that promote separation of the methane from the methane/water mixture. In one embodiment, the separated methane is removed from the water in a collection chamber that facilitates gravity separation of the mixed fluids. In one embodiment, liquid hydrocarbon is removed from water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2010
    Publication date: December 15, 2011
    Inventors: Bret Hettinger Wolz, John Mayer Kaufman
  • Patent number: 7967892
    Abstract: A water deaerating system and method are provided. The first end of an open-ended conduit is placed beneath the surface of a body of oxygen-rich water. The conduit extends into a housing and where the second end of the conduit resides at a location in the housing that is above the surface of the body of oxygen-rich water. A vacuum is applied to a spatial region defined within the housing above the location of the second end of the conduit. The oxygen-rich water is pumped through the conduit and exits the second end of the conduit to enter the spatial region of the housing. The oxygen-rich water descends through the housing due to gravity. The oxygen-rich water's descension is interrupted and the vacuum operates to remove oxygen from the oxygen-rich water so-descending to generate oxygen-depleted water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Sea Knight Corporation
    Inventors: Claude R. Thompson, William M. Lechler, Neil F. Marshall
  • Publication number: 20110072970
    Abstract: A medical ultrasound system. A base unit is included having system electronics, a user interface and ultrasound control electronics. An ultrasound therapy head is in electronic communication with the base unit. The therapy head includes a replaceable, sealed transducer cartridge with a coupling fluid therein. A cooling system is provided for cooling the coupling fluid. A plurality of guide indicators are positioned around the therapy head to align with crossed lines on a patient so as to properly align the therapy head prior to use. The therapy head can provide variable treatments to an area while the therapy head is in contact with a patient.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2010
    Publication date: March 31, 2011
    Applicant: Medicis Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Jonathan K. Slobodzian, Gregory T. Wing
  • Publication number: 20110073812
    Abstract: A method and a device (1) for de-gassing a liquid-gas-mixture (3) is proposed. The method comprises: inserting the liquid-gas-mixture (3) into a chamber (5) wherein the chamber (5) is at a reduced gas pressure and arranging the liquid-gas-mixture (3) on a centre region (11) of a surface (13) of a rotating body (15) such that the liquid-gas-mixture (3) is subjected to a centrifugal force. Therein, the surface (13) of the rotating body (15) is adapted such that the liquid-gas-mixture (3) is spread over the surface (13) due to the centrifugal force and finally flows over a radially outward edge region (21) of the surface (13) of the rotating body (15). Due to the occurring centrifugal forces, even highly viscous or thixotropic liquids may be-spread over the rotating surface as a thin layer from which gas incorporated in the liquid can easily and effectively escape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 27, 2009
    Publication date: March 31, 2011
    Applicant: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V.
    Inventor: Hans Negle
  • Patent number: 7879140
    Abstract: Coating material is fed into a vacuum container inside which are apparatus for separating gas from the coating material. The degassing apparatus (10) has two separate compartments (11, 12) so that degassing is carried out in two different stages by using a single apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventors: Eero Kesti, Esa Forsten
  • Patent number: 7717982
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a stackable packing element for use in degassing liquid ophthalmic lens monomer and a lens resulting therefrom. One or more stackable elements can be used to form a modular degasser and implement an in-line degassing process, employing same. The stackable packing element is comprised of a body module and a removable puck component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2010
    Assignee: Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
    Inventors: Kent A. Young, Stephen C. Pegram, Kerry T. Sanders
  • Patent number: 7635410
    Abstract: A photo-resist dispensing apparatus is disclosed and comprises; a tank adapted to hold a photo-resist solution, a pump unit adapted to pump the photo-resist solution from the tank, a filter unit adapted to receive the photo-resist solution from the pump unit, and at least one of a first gas discharge unit connected to the tank and adapted to remove gas bubbles from the photo-resist solution held in the tank, and a second gas discharge unit connected to the filter unit and adapted to remove gas bubbles from the photo-resist solution in the filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2009
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jin-Jun Park, Suk-Fill Yun
  • Patent number: 7625438
    Abstract: A method and device are provided for reducing the oxygen content of seawater, where the seawater is introduced into the upper part (14) of a downcomer (12), particularly for treatment of ballast water in a ballast tank (4) of a ship (1). A seawater intake pipe (6) runs from the outside of the ship to a ballast pump (8) that is designed to pump the water on through a pump pipe (10) and up to the upper part of the downcomer. The downcomer extends mainly vertically down to the ballast compartment of the ship, where the ballast water can be distributed between several ballast compartments by means of distribution headers and valves. One aim of the invention is to neutralize organisms in the ballast water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2009
    Assignee: Knutsen OAS Shipping AS
    Inventor: Per Lothe
  • Publication number: 20090101006
    Abstract: A water deaerating system and method are provided. The first end of an open-ended conduit is placed beneath the surface of a body of oxygen-rich water. The conduit extends into a housing and where the second end of the conduit resides at a location in the housing that is above the surface of the body of oxygen-rich water. A vacuum is applied to a spatial region defined within the housing above the location of the second end of the conduit. The oxygen-rich water is pumped through the conduit and exits the second end of the conduit to enter the spatial region of the housing. The oxygen-rich water descends through the housing due to gravity. The oxygen-rich water's descension is interrupted and the vacuum operates to remove oxygen from the oxygen-rich water so-descending to generate oxygen-depleted water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2008
    Publication date: April 23, 2009
    Inventors: Claude R. Thompson, William M. Lechler, Neil F. Marshall
  • Patent number: 7510321
    Abstract: A cavitation system for forming and imploding cavities within a cavitation chamber is provided. The system includes a hydraulically actuated driver coupled to the cavitation chamber. A cavitation piston, coupled to a hydraulic piston, forms the desired cavities during piston retraction and then implodes the cavities during piston extension. Preferably the cavitation fluid is degassed prior to hydraulically driving cavitation within the chamber. Degassing can be performed within the cavitation chamber or within a separate degassing chamber which is preferably connected to the cavitation chamber. In one aspect, a coupling sleeve is interposed between the hydraulic driver and the cavitation chamber, the coupling sleeve housing at least a portion of the cavitation piston drive rod. Preferably the coupling sleeve can be evacuated. In another aspect, a cavitation fluid circulatory system is coupled to the cavitation chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2009
    Assignee: Impulse Devices, Inc.
    Inventor: Ross Alan Tessien
  • Publication number: 20080289502
    Abstract: A method and cyclonic separator are disclosed for degassing a fluid mixture comprising a carrier liquid and one or more gaseous and/or vaporizable components, wherein: —the fluid mixture is accelerated in a throat section (6) of a vortex tube (1) such that the static pressure of the fluid mixture is decreased and vaporizable components evaporate into a gaseous phase; —the accelerated fluid mixture is induced to swirl within the vortex tube such that the fluid mixture is separated by centrifugal forces into a degassed liquid fraction and a gas enriched fraction; —the degassed liquid fraction is induced to flow into a liquid outlet conduit (4) which is located at or near the outer circumference of the vortex tube (1); and—the gas enriched fraction is induced to flow into a gas outlet conduit (3) which is located at or near a central axis of the vortex tube (1).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2005
    Publication date: November 27, 2008
    Applicant: SHELL INTERNATIONALE RESEARCH MAATSCHAPPIJ B.V.
    Inventors: Marco Betting, Gerhardus Willem Colenbrander, Michael Alvin Curole, Theodorus Cornelis Klaver, Eric Johannes Puik
  • Publication number: 20080166488
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for exhausting gas from a coating material. The coating material is fed in the bottom part area of a drum (3) rotating around an essentially vertical axis inside a vacuum tank (1), whereby the rotating motion of the drum causes the coating material to rise up the inner wall of the drum and to discharge from the upper edge of the drum as a thin film against the inner wall of a vacuum tank, wherefrom the coating material flows downwards. The coating material is arranged to rise up the wall of the drum stepwise, so that the coating material will form a thin veil-like film on at least two different step levels (10-12), whereupon the gas bubbles in the coating material will break and be discharged from the coating material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2006
    Publication date: July 10, 2008
    Applicant: METSO PAPER, INC.
    Inventors: Heikki Vatanen, Timo Nurmiainen, Jukka Koskinen, Ilpo Honkanen
  • Patent number: 7264655
    Abstract: A water stream is treated to remove oxygen before injecting the water into an underground hydrocarbon reservoir. The water-oxygen mixture is separated by centrifugal action using fixed spin blades (20). Oxygen is removed from the center of the conduit through a gas pipe (30) coupled to a vacuum pump (50). Nitrogen may be introduced upstream of the centrifuge to dilute the water-gas solution to improve the efficiency of the gas-liquid separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2007
    Assignee: Single Buoy Moorings, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeremy Duncan Stuart Joynson, Dirk Johan van der Zee
  • Patent number: 7252703
    Abstract: The direct contact liquid air contaminant control system and method to revitalize air by removal of carbon dioxide and other trace gas contaminants use a direct contact air, liquid scrubber element and stripper element. The scrubber element has two rotor elements rotatably mounted in a housing first for centrifugal separation of an air flow and liquid absorbent mixture which liquid absorbent has absorbed carbon dioxide and trace gas contaminants. Then second for centrifugal separation of an air flow and acid water wash mixture which acid water wash has liquid absorbent and other contaminants. The processed air is then passed through a charcoal bed filter for further removal of contaminants. A rotary contact processor may also be used to reprocess contaminated liquid absorbent for reuse.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Assignee: Honeywell International, Inc.
    Inventor: Al MacKnight
  • Patent number: 7214257
    Abstract: Plant and process for cleaning and degassing a fibrous suspension. The plant includes a plurality of hydrocyclones, in which each hydrocyclone includes an intake connection, an accepts connection, and a rejects connection and at least two supply lines for feeding liquids into the plurality of hydrocyclones. At least two accepts lines, coupled to the accepts connections of the plurality of hydrocyclones, are structured and arranged to combine liquids cleaned of contaminants in the plurality of hydrocyclones, and at least one accepts draining pipe coupled to the at least two accepts lines is structured and arranged to open directly into a further line downstream. The instant abstract is neither intended to define the invention disclosed in this specification nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2007
    Assignee: Voith Paper Patent GmbH
    Inventor: Wolfgang Mannes
  • Patent number: 7101418
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device for degassing of suspension, specifically fiber stock suspension. The method according to the invention is characterized in that separated excess suspension is discharged sideways through an overflow having an overflow edge that is located in the tank outside wall and is positioned parallel to the tank axis. The device according to the invention is characterized in that the overflow includes at least one overflow having an overflow edge that is located in the tank outside wall and is positioned parallel to the tank axis and that at least one overflow system, for the purpose of discharging the separated excess suspension, is located following the overflow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Assignee: Voith Paper Patent GmbH
    Inventor: Karl-Heinz Beuermann
  • Patent number: 6811592
    Abstract: The invention is a stackable packing element for use in degassing liquid ophthalmic lens monomer, and to a modular degasser and process, including an in-line degassing process, employing same. The stackable packing element is comprised of a body module and a removable puck component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2004
    Assignee: Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
    Inventors: Kent A. Young, Stephen C. Pegram, Kerry T. Sanders
  • Patent number: 6811294
    Abstract: An apparatus for degassing plastic materials, e.g., high molecular weight polycarbonate solutions, is described. The apparatus includes a double-shaft extruder having a length-to-diameter ratio of less than or equal to 40, which comprises: (i) two co-rotating and meshing shafts; (ii) an intake opening; and (iii) upstream and downstream portions relative to the intake opening. The shafts of the extruder are designed with a double lead in a degassing zone, and with a triple lead in a pressure build-up zone. Each of the degassing and the pressure build-up zones are down-stream from the intake opening, and the pressure build-up zone is further down-stream than the degassing zone. Also described is a process for degassing plastic materials, which involves providing the described double-shaft co-rotating extruder, into which plastic material is fed, processed and degassed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2004
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Thomas Elsner, Jürgen Heuser, Christian Kords
  • Patent number: 6736880
    Abstract: A downhole liquid and gas separator system has a pump, a separator and a motor, and a shroud around the pump, separator and motor. The shroud has a lower impermeable portion with a closed lower end and an upper porous portion. The upper end of the impermeable portion is above the inlet port for the separator so that production fluid flows upwards between the well casing and the shroud, over the upper end of the impermeable portion and downwards to the inlet port, generating a pressure drop and releasing gas before the production fluid enters the separator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2004
    Assignee: Pure Savers, LLC
    Inventors: Kenneth L. Ford, Thomas S. Osborne
  • Patent number: 6613128
    Abstract: An aromatic polycarbonate extruder which is a twin screw extruder for kneading components into a molten aromatic polycarbonate, the extruder having at least one module consisting of a kneading unit, a material seal unit, a back kneading unit and full-flight unit which are arranged from an upstream side to a downstream side and a method of kneading components into an aromatic polycarbonate by using the above extruder. The present invention also provides a kneading apparatus and method for producing an aromatic polycarbonate which has an extremely small content of foreign matter and is free from residence deterioration such as coloration, crosslinking or gelation when the aromatic polycarbonate is to be kneaded with various components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2003
    Assignee: Teijin Limited
    Inventors: Masasi Simonaru, Toru Sawaki, Katsushi Sasaki, Kazuki Hatono, Eiji Ito
  • Patent number: 6500239
    Abstract: A system and multiple methods are described for removing dissolved gases from a liquid either prior to or following filling into a container. Prior to filling, gas is removed by creating a pressure differential, by application of heat, by sonication, or by generating a liquid by combination of dry solute and de-gassed solvent. Alternatively, liquids may be highly concentrated with solute to force any dissolved gas out of solution and later diluted with de-gassed solvents. In other embodiments, gases are percolated into liquids to displace atmospheric gases, wherein these percolated gases separate from solution and diffuse out of sealed contained after filling either by nature of their molecular size or chemical reaction with materials constructed into the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2002
    Assignee: Penjet Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas P. Castellano, Eloy A. Ituarte
  • Publication number: 20020129705
    Abstract: A system and multiple methods are described for removing dissolved gases from a liquid either prior to or following filling into a container. Prior to filling, gas is removed by creating a pressure differential, by application of heat, by sonication, or by generating a liquid by combination of dry solute and de-gassed solvent. Alternatively, liquids may be highly concentrated with solute to force any dissolved gas out of solution and later diluted with de-gassed solvents. In other embodiments, gases are percolated into liquids to displace atmospheric gases, wherein these percolated gases separate from solution and diffuse out of sealed containers after filling either by nature of their molecular size or chemical reaction with materials constructed into the container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2001
    Publication date: September 19, 2002
    Inventors: Thomas P. Castellano, Eloy A. Ituarte
  • Patent number: 6423124
    Abstract: The device for regulating a flow rate of an air-liquid centrifuge separator includes a gas outlet pipe, an outlet pipe for separated liquids and an inlet pipe through which a fluid to be separated enters the separator. The device includes a by-pass pipe, arranged between the liquid outlet pipe and the fluid inlet pipe, which removes liquid from the liquid outlet pipe and transfers it to the fluid inlet pipe when a pressure of the liquid in the liquid outlet pipe exceeds a predetermined level. The device is particularly useful in separators for dental aspiration plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Assignee: Cattani S.p.A.
    Inventor: Ennio Cattani
  • Patent number: 6413297
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for treating pressurized drilling fluid returns from a well having a returns outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2002
    Assignee: Northland Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Theodore Allen Morgan, David Speed, Carel Willem Jan Hoyer
  • Patent number: 6391094
    Abstract: An apparatus and method that is used for removing gas from drilling mud coming from gas and oil well-bores. The apparatus receives the gas ladened drilling mud and utilizes the energy from the gas ladened mud to power blower fans that are used to discharge any released gas. A set of conical trays are used to catch the gas ladened mud that is dispersed in the energy utilization by a set of helical blades. The gas ladened mud will slowly flow down the conical trays and liberate gas with the assistance of a partial vacuum that is within the reaction vessel. A liquid trap is also formed in the bottom portion of the reaction vessel, to prevent air from entering the reaction vessel. The gas generated is expelled out of the reaction vessel and burned off by a flare line or simply released into the outside air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2002
    Inventor: Daniel A. Ramos
  • Patent number: 6364940
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for separating a wellhead fluid mixture containing oil and gas phases obtained from hydrocarbon production systems into its constituent parts employs a pressure vessel having an inlet for entry of the wellhead fluids mixture and an outlet for exit of a separated gas referred to as export gas. A primary centrifugal separator is provided in the pressure vessel for centrifugally separating a first portion of the oil from the wellhead fluids mixture to produce a wet gas containing some remaining oil. A second centrifugal separator is also provided in the vessel and performs a second centrifugal separation operation on the wet gas to remove substantially all of the remaining oil from the wet gas to produce the export gas which is conveyed out of the pressure vessel. The oil and remaining oil separated from the wellhead fluids mixture is conveyed from the pressure vessel via another outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Assignee: McDermott Technology Inc.
    Inventors: William Paul Prueter, Daniel Patrick Birmingham, Matthew James Reed
  • Patent number: 6296690
    Abstract: An alternating compression-pumping system includes at least one alternating compression-pumping section, suited to impart a pressure value to an essentially liquid fluid or to an essentially gaseous fluid, at least one pumping section suited for an essentially fluid, at least one device for separating the various phases of the fluid, provided with a level detector allowing to detect the gas-liquid interface level, valves allowing to control the flow rate of the liquid or gas phases, and a control system allowing to vary the state of the valves so as to shift the compression section from an operating mode suited for gas to an operating mode suited for liquid and vice versa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventor: Yves Charron
  • Patent number: 6290760
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for separating dissolved gasses from a fluid to produce de-aerated fluid which includes a fluid pump, a gas separator, and a vacuum pump for removing liberated dissolved gasses from the gas separator. In one particular embodiment, a unified pump/meter unit is used to both pump fluid, as well as volumetrically measure the amount of de-aerated fluid pumped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2001
    Assignee: Tokheim Corporation
    Inventors: Tom Taivalkoski, Harald Görres
  • Patent number: 6202417
    Abstract: The present patent incorporates major improvements and simplifications of 1976 U.S. Pat. No. 3,967,449 necessary to make the concept functional and useful on a large scale. The earlier patent listed many approaches to the several design problems believed to be necessary at the time of the earlier application, while this one reflects the extensive research and laboratory investigation to identify, validate and demonstrate the functionality of the various parts. In particular, the methods for producing the necessary nuclei for steam bubble production, the method of insuring bubble growth, the method of condensing the steam bubbles produced and methods for minimizing the release of air in large bubbles, and for dealing with those that are released are covered in detail. The first patent, with 50 claims listed many approaches to many problems, some of which were either misunderstood from an unsatisfactory literature or unnecessarily complicated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2001
    Inventor: Earl J. Beck
  • Patent number: 6197095
    Abstract: A subsea multiphase fluid separation system and method are disclosed which provide for efficient and reliable remote separation operation at deep and ultra deep water depths including depths of ten thousand feet or more. The system is preferably of modular construction wherein the modules are secured in a single frame to be lowered as a unit to the seabed. The system utilizes reliable cyclonic operation. The sequence of process steps is designed to make the system more efficient as compared to surface separating systems and thereby permit a more compact size as is desirable for subsea operation. The method of operation includes up to five basic process steps with the initial step in one embodiment including cyclonically separating solids. In a presently preferred embodiment, the cyclonic solids separator is sized to eliminate solids greater than fifty microns. A second stage is directed to cyclonically removing bulk gas from the liquid in either a cyclone or auger separator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2001
    Inventors: John C. Ditria, David A. Hadfield
  • Patent number: 6139606
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are disclosed for degassing gas-containing fluid media in a container with the apparatus including a centrifugal pump for pumping the gas-containing fluid medium from the container, an ejector including a suction side, an ejector inlet for a drive fluid, and an ejector outlet for the drive fluid, whereby at least a portion of the pump fluid medium is fed to the suction side of the ejector for removing the gas therefrom, a diversion conduit for diverting a separate portion of the pump fluid medium from the centrifugal pump to the ejector inlet, and a return conduit for returning the separate portion of the fluid medium from the ejector outlet to the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2000
    Assignee: Valmet Fibertech Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Kjell Forslund, Leo Kotkaniemi
  • Patent number: 6033462
    Abstract: An air/oil separator used with a closed loop oil seal system for a liquid ring vacuum pump, which incorporates a multi-chambered design for facilitating multiple stages of oil particulate separation is disclosed. The separator includes a cylindrical multi-chambered accumulator and a cylindrical filter housing, which supports a conventional filter element. The accumulator has an outer housing and an inner housing, which defines an outer reservoir chamber and an inner reservoir chamber. The accumulator also includes an inner oil conduit extending through the inner reservoir chamber, which deposits the oil discharge into the inner reservoir chamber. A perforated inner baffle is mounted within the inner housing to partially divide the inner reservoir chamber. A second outer baffle is mounted inside the outer reservoir chamber between the outer and inner housings to partially divide the outer reservoir chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2000
    Assignee: Dekker Vacuum Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Jan D. Dekker, Rick-Jan Dekker, Gerald G. Geenen
  • Patent number: 5980613
    Abstract: The present invention is a method and device for removing radon from groundwater without substantially reducing wellhead pressure. The pressurized radon stripper of the present invention has two principal components: a novel Venturi injector assembly which introduces air into a water process stream from a water source such as a well or the like; and a packed bed contactor which enhances air-liquid contact and serves as a gas-liquid separator. Over two thirds of the radon removal occurs in the Venturi injectors due to the intense gas-liquid turbulence in the throat of the Venturi valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: HDR Engineering, Inc.
    Inventor: Harold Steven Reiber
  • Patent number: 5902378
    Abstract: The efficiency of progressing cavity pumps is drastically reduced if the liquid being pumped contains large volumes of gas. To alleviate this problem a gas separator is provided which can be attached to the suction of a downhole pump to remove gas from the liquid being pumped prior to the liquid entering the pump inlet. The separator has an elongate housing having an annular chamber with guides which direct the liquid gas mixture to flow in an annular path from the inlet to the outlet end. During this flow centrifugal forces act to displace the gas content to the central region from which it is removed via a separate central gas outlet so that liquid delivered to the pump inlet is greatly reduced in its gas content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 11, 1999
    Inventor: Marcel Obrejanu
  • Patent number: 5858466
    Abstract: A system for pumping resist to a wafer coating machine includes a line that returns a selected proportion of the resist entering the resist pump to the resist supply tank. The return line to the tank is connected to the pump outlet at a higher point than the pump outlet to the wafer coating machine, and the resist that is returned to the tank carries substantially all of the bubbles that are carried in the resist entering the tank. The bubbles are removed from the resist in the tank and the resist can be used normally.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1999
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jen Song Liu, Bii Juno Chang, Jen Shang Fang, Hao Wei Chang
  • Patent number: 5858070
    Abstract: An apparatus for cleaning hydraulic fluid includes a centrifugal fluid-spinning disk arranged in a housing, of which an upper portion forms a vapor chamber and a lower portion forms a fluid collecting basin. A vacuum pump is connected to the housing through an oil mist separator, such that water vapor is vacuumed away and hydraulic fluid collects in the oil mist separator to then be pumped away. The apparatus further includes preferably a single container that contains both the contaminated hydraulic fluid that is to be cleaned and the cleaned hydraulic fluid. A flexible inlet line and a flexible outlet line with respective hydraulic quick connectors are provided to connect the apparatus and particularly the oil container to a hydraulic system of an aircraft, for example. A high pressure pump connected to the outlet line pumps the cleaned hydraulic fluid into the aircraft hydraulic system and a pressure maintaining valve in the inlet line maintains the system pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1999
    Assignee: Daimler-Benz Aerospace Airbus GmbH
    Inventors: Juergen Halm, Jochen Mertens, Manfred Becher
  • Patent number: 5749945
    Abstract: A system is described for rapidly removing dissolved permanent gasses or dissolved volatile contaminants from a liquid, in which the liquid is forced through a cavitating venturi, designed and operated in a fashion to produce micro-bubbles in the high-shear, converging flow section at its entry, to coalesce a significant fraction of these micro-air bubbles in a nominally straight section of maximum restriction following the inlet section, then in a final section, a diffuser, the steam bubbles condense, having during their lives caused coalescence of a significant fraction of the micro air bubbles, which are then, with the water carrying them separated from the remaining stream and its micro-bubbles. The stream separated carries large, easily broken air bubbles which then are broken in a suitable device (four are shown, each with a proposed best design for a specific size of system). The bubbles' contents, a mixture of air, volatiles and vapor are then sent to a vacuum system for processing to the atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1998
    Inventor: Earl Joseph Beck
  • Patent number: 5601635
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for deaerating a liquid in a substantially closed liquid circulation system, wherein an amount of liquid is withdrawn from the circulation system and is introduced into a closed reservoir via a valve which is alternately open and closed, wherein by a pump which is operative in the open as well as the closed positions of the valve an underpressure can be created in the reservoir for the purpose of deaerating the liquid, and the liquid can be sucked from the reservoir and added to the circulation system again, separated air being discharged via a vent unit to the environment. For the valve adapted to be opened and closed alternately, preferably a throttling valve is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1997
    Assignee: Spiro Research B.V.
    Inventor: Franciscus Roffelsen
  • Patent number: 5534047
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for degassing a mix of cement and a polymeric binding agent including filler material and/or fiber. The apparatus includes a vacuum chamber and a mechanism for adjusting the pressure inside the vacuum chamber. The vacuum chamber has an upper inlet zone including an inlet port, a lower discharge zone including a discharge port and an intermediate zone therebetween. Structure is provided adjacent to the inlet port which is open to the atmosphere for guiding the mix toward the inlet port. Structure is also positioned in the intermediate zone of the vacuum chamber for receiving, distributing and expediting the degassification of the free falling mix entering the vacuum chamber through the upper inlet port. A vacuum seal is provided by the mix entering the inlet port and by the degassed mix exiting the discharge port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Inventors: Jerry A. Gisko, Larry J. Farrell
  • Patent number: 5509954
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for degassing a high viscosity fluid wherein a vacuum chamber is oriented vertically and adapted for receiving a fluid at its top end and discharging it from a reservoir at its bottom end, the chamber having an assembly having a slotted wide-mouthed nozzle and a channel slide member mounted within the top end so as to receive a fluid fed into the chamber. The nozzle is adapted for spreading the fluid onto the surface of the slide member which is angularly positioned downwardly towards the reservoir such that fluid on the slide member surface exhibits laminar flow as it moves downwardly. A vacuum drawn on the chamber effects a release of any gaseous materials contained within the fluid as it moves down the slide surface and into the reservoir where it may be drawn out for application by one or more nozzles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1996
    Assignee: Nordson Corporation
    Inventors: Gary A. Derian, Herman E. Turner, Jr., Robert D. Schneider
  • Patent number: 5332423
    Abstract: A vertical continuous degassing apparatus for degassing a mix of at least one member selected from the group consisting of a liquid, a mix of liquids, a mix of a liquid and solids and combinations thereof comprising: a vacuum chamber, a mechanism for adjusting the pressure therein, the vacuum chamber having an upper inlet zone including an inlet port, a lower discharge zone including a discharge port, and an intermediate zone therebetween. An annular skirt is positioned in the intermediate zone of the vacuum chamber for receiving, distributing and expediting the degassification of the mix entering the vacuum chamber through the upper inlet port. A vacuum seal is provided by the mix entering the inlet port and by the degassed mix exiting the discharge port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1994
    Inventors: Jerry A. Gisko, Larry J. Farrell
  • Patent number: RE36082
    Abstract: A vacuum degassing method wherein a molten substance at an elevated temperature in a storage tank is sucked to a vacuum degassing vessel through an uprising pipe connecting the storage tank and the vacuum degassing vessel by maintaining the vacuum degassing vessel at a negative pressure, the molten substance is degassed and the degassed molten substance falls to a guiding duct through a downfalling pipe connecting the vacuum degassing vessel and the guiding duct characterized by that a first flow quantity of the molten substance rising in the uprising pipe is restrained and a second flow quantity thereof falling in the downfalling pipe is controlled thereby maintaining a quantity of the molten substance in the vacuum degassing vessel at a pertinent level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1999
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiko Ishimura, Fumiaki Saito, Masaaki Yoshikawa, Misao Okada, Shinsuke Nakajima