Liquid-solid Slurry Used Patents (Class 95/36)
  • Patent number: 9095813
    Abstract: A carbon dioxide capture facility is disclosed comprising packing formed as a slab, and at least one liquid source. The slab has opposed dominant faces, the opposed dominant faces being at least partially wind penetrable to allow wind to flow through the packing. The at least one liquid source is oriented to direct carbon dioxide absorbent liquid into the packing to flow through the slab. The slab is disposed in a wind flow that has a non-zero incident angle with one of the opposed dominant faces. A method of carbon dioxide capture is also disclosed. Carbon dioxide absorbing liquid is applied into packing in a series of pulses. A gas containing carbon dioxide is flowed through the packing to at least partially absorb the carbon dioxide from the gas into the carbon dioxide absorbing liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Assignee: Carbon Engineering Limited Partnership
    Inventors: David Keith, Maryam Mahmoudkhani, Alessandro Biglioli, Brandon Hart, Kenton Heidel, Mike Foniok
  • Patent number: 8864876
    Abstract: The invention generally relates to a method for sequestration contaminates. More particularly, the invention relates to a significant performance enhancement over existing mineral carbonation processes through the use of a high mass transfer system and an efficient pH swing reaction. More particularly, aspects of the invention are directed to direct and indirect methods of sequestering contaminates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Neumann Systems Group, Inc.
    Inventors: David Kurt Neumann, Boris R. Nizamov, Thomas Lee Henshaw, Jeremy L. Anderson
  • Patent number: 8735319
    Abstract: Metal sorbent compositions for removing a metal contaminant from a fluid, such as removal of mercury from a coal-fired flue gas stream, and methods for making and using the same are provided. The subject metal sorbent compositions comprise an effective amount of an aqueous dispersion of microfine elemental sulfur particles on an adsorbent substrate, and optionally, a metal capture enhancing agent such as a halogen source and/or an oxidizing agent in an amount providing a metal capture enhancing effect on the metal sorbent composition. The subject metal sorbent compositions are prepared by drying an aqueous dispersion of microfine elemental sulfur particles on an adsorbent substrate, such as on a substrate of microfine particles of a refractory material and the like. Also provided are kits for use in preparing the subject compositions, and compositions produced by the methods. The subject compositions, kits and systems find use in a variety of different applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignees: St. Cloud Mining Company, Via Consulting, LLC
    Inventors: Francis A Via, William Ahrens, Daniel T Eyde
  • Patent number: 8702842
    Abstract: A method for removing elemental sulfur from a hot gas stream, such as an autoclave vent gas, while simultaneously cooling the gas stream. The method results in conversion of sulfur in the hot gas stream to the form of solid, non-sticky sulfur allotropes such as rhombic sulfur while avoiding formation of sticky sulfur allotropes such as monoclinic sulfur, thereby avoiding scaling and fouling of plant equipment. According the method, the hot gas stream is contacted with an aqueous medium containing a particulate material inside a quench vessel having a first inlet for the hot gas stream, a second inlet for the aqueous medium, and an outlet for removing a sulfur-containing liquid fraction from the vessel. At least a portion of the sulfur contained in the hot gas stream, along with other condensable materials, becomes incorporated into the aqueous medium and is subsequently drained from the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Hatch Ltd.
    Inventors: Kevin S. Fraser, William E. McCombe
  • Patent number: 8535422
    Abstract: Metal sorbent compositions for removing a metal contaminant from a fluid, such as removal of mercury from a coal-fired flue gas stream, and methods for making and using the same are provided. The subject metal sorbent compositions comprise an effective amount of an aqueous dispersion of microfine elemental sulfur particles on an adsorbent substrate, and optionally, a metal capture enhancing agent such as a halogen source and/or an oxidizing agent in an amount providing a metal capture enhancing effect on the metal sorbent composition. The subject metal sorbent compositions are prepared by drying an aqueous dispersion of microfine elemental sulfur particles on an adsorbent substrate, such as on a substrate of microfine particles of a refractory material and the like. Also provided are kits for use in preparing the subject compositions, and compositions produced by the methods. The subject compositions, kits and systems find use in a variety of different applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignees: St. Cloud Mining Company, Via Consulting, LLC
    Inventors: Francis A. Via, William Ahrens, Daniel T. Eyde
  • Patent number: 8518148
    Abstract: A method and system for dehumidifying flue gas from a flue gas-generating process that supplies the flue gas to a wet flue gas processor. A wet cooling tower supplies water to a wet flue gas processor to condense water from the flue gas and form a liquid mixture in the wet flue gas processor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Dennis K. McDonald, Douglas J. DeVault, Paul J. Williams
  • Patent number: 8491858
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the invention provides systems and methods for removing carbon dioxide and/or additional components of waste gas streams, comprising contacting the waste gas stream with an aqueous solution, removing carbon dioxide and/or additional components from the waste gas stream, and containing the carbon dioxide and/or additional components, in one form or another, in a composition. In some embodiments, the composition is a precipitation material comprising carbonates, bicarbonates, or carbonates and bicarbonates. In some embodiments, the composition further comprises carbonate and/or bicarbonate co-products resulting from co-processing SOx, NOx, particulate matter, and/or certain metals. Additional waste streams such as liquid, solid, or multiphasic waste streams may be processed as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Calera Corporation
    Inventors: William Randall Seeker, Brent Constantz, Vinod Khosla
  • Patent number: 8361195
    Abstract: A slurried solid media for simultaneous water purification and carbon dioxide removal from gas mixtures includes the steps of dissolving the gas mixture and carbon dioxide in water providing a gas, carbon dioxide, water mixture; adding a porous solid media to the gas, carbon dioxide, water mixture forming a slurry of gas, carbon dioxide, water, and porous solid media; heating the slurry of gas, carbon dioxide, water, and porous solid media producing steam; and cooling the steam to produce purified water and carbon dioxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Roger D. Aines, William L. Bourcier, Brian Viani
  • Patent number: 8317905
    Abstract: Fine, solid particles in a gas stream, especially fly ash particles in the hot gas stream from a coal/coke-utilizing synthesis gas unit, are agglomerated by passage through a gas flow matrix element having a body with confined gas flow channels which bring the particles into close proximity to one another in an environment of low turbulence; a rough surface on the gas flow passages provides surface induction to promote agglomeration of the particles. The larger, agglomerated particles may then be removed from the gas stream by inertial separators such as cyclones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventor: Ramesh Varadaraj
  • Publication number: 20120263634
    Abstract: A process of treating a gas stream containing at least one mercury compound or species, the process comprising: applying a composition into said gas stream ahead of a particulate matter collection device, wherein said composition contains a compound having the following formula (SiO2)x(OH)yMzSaF, wherein (i) SiO2 is an optional component; (ii) M comprises at least one of the following : boron, magnesium, aluminum, calcium, titanium, vanadium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, zirconium, molybdenum, palladium, silver, cadmium, tin, platinum, gold, and bismuth; (iii) S comprises a sulfur-based species selected from at least one of the following: sulfide salts, dithiocarbamates, polymer-based dithiocarbamates, and polysulfide salts; (iii) F is an optional component and comprises at least one of the following: a functionalized organosilane, a sulfur-containing organosilane, an amine-containing organosilane, and an alkyl-containing organosilane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2011
    Publication date: October 18, 2012
    Inventors: Nicholas S. Ergang, Bruce A. Keiser, Richard Mimna
  • Patent number: 8231708
    Abstract: Pellet damaging is prevented at the time of pellet charging into a storage tank. There is provided a method of storing a gas hydrate in which pellets obtained by compression molding of powdery gas hydrate are conveyed into a storage tank by the use of a slurry liquor, which method includes pouring a liquid for impact absorption in advance into the storage tank so that the impact on the pellets charged in the storage tank is absorbed by the liquid for impact absorption.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Naoki Yanagisawa, Seiichi Takanashi, Tamehisa Yamaguchi, Takahiro Yamazaki
  • Publication number: 20110174155
    Abstract: A method for removing elemental sulfur from a hot gas stream, such as an autoclave vent gas, while simultaneously cooling the gas stream. The method results in conversion of sulfur in the hot gas stream to the form of solid, non-sticky sulfur allotropes such as rhombic sulfur while avoiding formation of sticky sulfur allotropes such as monoclinic sulfur, thereby avoiding scaling and fouling of plant equipment. According the method, the hot gas stream is contacted with an aqueous medium containing a particulate material inside a quench vessel having a first inlet for the hot gas stream, a second inlet for the aqueous medium, and an outlet for removing a sulfur-containing liquid fraction from the vessel. At least a portion of the sulfur contained in the hot gas stream, along with other condensable materials, becomes incorporated into the aqueous medium and is subsequently drained from the vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2011
    Publication date: July 21, 2011
    Applicant: Hatch Ltd.
    Inventors: Kevin S. Fraser, William E. McCombe
  • Patent number: 7976621
    Abstract: A power plant may include a combustion apparatus (11) producing an exhaust gas (12), an absorber (20) receiving the exhaust gas (12), the absorber (20) including a desiccant and producing a first stream of desiccant solution containing water and a first concentration of desiccant, and an apparatus (29, 70, 94) for dehydrating the first stream of desiccant solution while maintaining the water in a liquid phase. The apparatus (29, 70, 94) may include a heat exchanger (71, 110), a crystallizing heat exchanger (74, 96), a separator (78, 98) and a flash tank (112) for dehydrating the desiccant solution while maintaining water in a liquid phase and subsequently recovering water from the solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: Siemens Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Fred W. Shoemaker, Michael S. Briesch, Philip G. Deen, Terrence B. Sullivan
  • Publication number: 20110104197
    Abstract: A method for capturing airborne agents or products of agents, such as microorganisms, including viruses, and microbial antigens, toxins and allergens, comprising the formation of at least one curtain of charged particles in the form of an emulsion, a suspension or an aerosol, constantly renewing and regenerating said at least one curtain, and passing air containing airborne agents through said at least one curtain, which acting as a filter captures said agents; as well as a particle formulation for performing the method, comprising any charged particles dispersed in a liquid, including lipid-containing particles, e.g. in the form of an emulsion, or micelles, or lipid-containing particles in the form of an aerosol, or any other charged airborne particles in an aerosol.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2009
    Publication date: May 5, 2011
    Inventors: Bror Morein, Göran Friman, Nils-Gunnar Ilbäck
  • Publication number: 20110024680
    Abstract: Metal sorbent compositions for removing a metal contaminant from a fluid, such as removal of mercury from a coal-fired flue gas stream, and methods for making and using the same are provided. The subject metal sorbent compositions comprise an effective amount of an aqueous dispersion of microfine elemental sulfur particles on an adsorbent substrate, and optionally, a metal capture enhancing agent such as a halogen source and/or an oxidizing agent in an amount providing a metal capture enhancing effect on the metal sorbent composition. The subject metal sorbent compositions are prepared by drying an aqueous dispersion of microfine elemental sulfur particles on an adsorbent substrate, such as on a substrate of microfine particles of a refractory material and the like. Also provided are kits for use in preparing the subject compositions, and compositions produced by the methods. The subject compositions, kits and systems find use in a variety of different applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 25, 2010
    Publication date: February 3, 2011
    Applicant: Zeox Corporation, Inc.
    Inventors: Francis A. Via, William Ahrens, Daniel T. Eyde
  • Patent number: 7736419
    Abstract: A process for purifying polluted air includes passing the polluted air through a fluidized bed of micro-organism-containing particulate media. As the polluted air passes through the fluidized bed, organic pollutants therein are decomposed by the micro-organisms. Purified air containing a lower level of the organic pollutants than the polluted air that enters the fluidized bed, emerges from the fluidized bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: BBR Biofiltrations (Proprietary) Limited
    Inventor: Erasmus Van Niekerk
  • Publication number: 20100089231
    Abstract: The invention relates to a gas liquid contactor and effluent cleaning system and method and more particularly to an array of nozzles configured to produce uniformly spaced flat liquid jets with reduced linear stability. An embodiment of the invention is directed towards a stability unit used with nozzles of a gas liquid contactor and/or an enhancer for stable jet formation, and more particularly to reducing the stability of liquid jets formed from nozzles of the gas liquid contactor. Another aspect of the invention relates to operating the apparatus at a condition that reduces the stability of liquid jets, e.g., a droplet generator apparatus. Yet another aspect of the invention relates to operation of the apparatus with an aqueous slurry. Still another aspect of the invention is directed towards to an apparatus for substantially separating at least two fluids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2009
    Publication date: April 15, 2010
    Applicant: Neumann Systems Group, Inc.
    Inventors: David Kurt Neumann, Andrew R. Awtry, Jason K. Brasseur, Keith R. Hobbs, Boris R. Nizamov, Thomas Lee Henshaw
  • Publication number: 20100089232
    Abstract: The invention relates to a gas liquid contactor and effluent cleaning system and method and more particularly to individually fed nozzle banks including an array of nozzles configured to produce uniformly spaced flat liquid jets shaped to minimize disruption from a gas. An embodiment of the invention is directed towards a gas liquid contactor having a plurality of modules including a liquid inlet and outlet and a gas inlet and outlet. An array of nozzles is in communication with the liquid inlet and the gas inlet. The array of nozzles is configured to produce uniformly spaced flat liquid jets shaped to minimize disruption from a gas flow and maximize gas flow and liquid flow interactions while rapidly replenishing the liquid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2009
    Publication date: April 15, 2010
    Applicant: Neumann Systems Group, Inc
    Inventors: David Kurt Neumann, Keith R. Hobbs, Jeffrey L. Courtright
  • Patent number: 7604787
    Abstract: A process for sequestering carbon dioxide, which includes reacting a silicate based material with an acid to form a suspension, and combining the suspension with carbon dioxide to create active carbonation of the silicate-based material, and thereafter producing a metal salt, silica and regenerating the acid in the liquid phase of the suspension.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2009
    Assignee: The Penn State Research Foundation
    Inventors: M. Mercedes Maroto-Valer, Yinzhi Zhang, Matthew E. Kuchta, John M. Andresen, Dan J. Fauth
  • Publication number: 20090133575
    Abstract: A method for the treatment of sorption medium in the treatment of smoke gas in brickworks is provided, in which smoke gas which has occurred during combustion is conducted through an exhaust air duct into which treated sorption medium, in particular limestone chips, is introduced. Treatment of the sorption medium involves introducing sorption medium into a mixer as initial material, the sorption medium being fresh material, partly saturated sorption material which has been recovered from the smoke gas, or a mixture of fresh and partly saturated sorption material. Additionally, a liquid, preferably water, is added to the sorption material directly in a mixer or before entering into the mixer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2008
    Publication date: May 28, 2009
    Inventor: Friedrich Hellmich
  • Patent number: 7238223
    Abstract: An apparatus for removing constituents from a fluid stream is provided. The apparatus includes a duct, a collection device, a sorbent injector, and an acoustic generator. The duct has a fluid passageway to receive a fluid stream having constituents. The collection device filters the fluid stream. The sorbent injector injects a sorbent in the fluid passageway of the duct. The acoustic generator generates an acoustic field in the fluid passageway of the duct to promote sorption of the constituents for collection by the collection device. Additionally, a method is provided for removing constituents from a fluid stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2007
    Assignee: Board of the Regents, The University of Texas System
    Inventor: G. Douglas Meegan, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6818043
    Abstract: A method for efficiently removing vapor-phase contaminants from gas streams is described. A powdered adsorbent such as activated carbon is ground into a fine powder by wet grinding to form a slurry. Chemicals are added to the slurry to impregnate the sorbent to enhance sorbent effectiveness. The slurry chemical mixture is sprayed into the gas stream in the form of small droplets which evaporate to produce an aerosol of fine adsorbent particles. Vapor-phase contaminants in the gas stream adsorb onto the fine adsorbent particle surfaces and the adsorbent particles are removed from the gas stream by a conventional particle collection method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2004
    Assignee: Electric Power Research Institute, Inc.
    Inventors: Ramsay Chang, Frank Meserole, Carl Richardson
  • Patent number: 5618430
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for performing chemical and/or physical and/or biological reactions, in which the reactants are brought into operative connection with reaction particles 13 promoting or making possible the reaction. The invention furthermore relates to reaction particles 13 as such. It is proposed to use as reaction particles 13 essentially planar particles with a thickness of about 5 .mu.m to about 1500 .mu.m and an area of about 5 (mm).sup.2 to about 1000 (mm).sup.2. Reaction particles 13 can be used, e.g., as growth surface for biomass. In particular, they can be introduced in a waste-water reactor 1 and thoroughly mixed with the waste water. Reaction particles 13 have a very high specific surface, which, moreover, is easily accessible. Furthermore, reaction particles 13 can be easily set in motion, e.g., by a stirrer 12.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 8, 1997
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Uwe Fuchs
  • Patent number: 5338456
    Abstract: A water purification process for removing dissolved solids of the type that are normally present in a municipal water supply or the like. The process uses a forced draft decarbonator having an inlet and a product outlet, a vacuum degasifier having an inlet, a product outlet and a water level sensor, and a reverse osmosis unit having an inlet, a product outlet and a brine outlet. Preferably, the vacuum degasifier is located downstream of the forced draft decarbonator with the product outlet of the forced draft decarbonator being coupled to the inlet of the vacuum degasifier. The reverse osmosis unit is located downstream of the vacuum degasifier with the product outlet of the vacuum degasifier being coupled to the inlet of the reverse osmosis unit. Water to be purified is provided to the inlet of the forced draft decarbonator at a predetermined rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 16, 1994
    Inventor: Lewis E. Stivers
  • Patent number: 5246471
    Abstract: A gas-liquid contact system for absorption of gaseous contaminants in an absorptive liquid where contact is attained by a controlled flow relationship between the gas and the liquid forming a fluidized liquid mass for intimate contact between the two.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1993
    Assignee: The Babcock & Wilcox Company
    Inventors: Ananda P. Bhat, Dennis W. Johnson, Robert B. Myers