With Addition Of Solid, Gas, Or Vapor Patents (Class 95/58)
  • Patent number: 9533311
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for removing mercury from an incoming gas stream contaminated with mercury so as to deliver an outgoing gas stream free of the removed mercury introduces ozone into the gas stream to deposit mercury carried by the gas stream on separator elements so as to remove the deposited mercury from the gas stream. The deposited mercury is washed off of the separator elements, and the removed mercury is collected for further processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Inventors: Isaac Ray, Boris Altshuler
  • Patent number: 8951334
    Abstract: Disclosed are an electric dust collector apparatus in an electrostatic precipitator system and a method for electrostatic precipitation thereby. The electric dust collector apparatus includes a flow liquid dust collector part collecting charged dust in a liquid flowing to its one side surface, and a counter unit located opposite to the flow liquid dust collector part and including a metal plate charged with the same polarity with the charged dust to guide the induced charged dust to flow toward the flow liquid dust collector part, wherein the counter unit further includes a coating including an insulating material coating the metal plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Zihom Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Dong Jin Oh, Kun Hee Kim, Seong Jin Hwang
  • Patent number: 8951024
    Abstract: An air blower includes a motor; a fan connected to an output shaft of the motor and rotatively driven by the motor; and a fan nut fixing the fan onto the output shaft of the motor, a diffusive substance is kept in the fan nut provided on the output shaft of the motor, and an ion generating unit is attached to a motor body concentrically with the output shaft. Therefore, the diffusive substance, positive ions and negative ions may be diffused without interrupting blowing and without harmfully affecting the air blowing function. Since the diffusive substance and the ion generating unit are provided inside a fan guard, an infant or the like may be prevented from touching them, and thus, the safety may be secured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Hikoya Ishii, Katsushi Morimoto
  • Patent number: 8882884
    Abstract: An exemplary embodiment of the present invention provides a method of controlling a PAC-to-particulate ratio in a potion of an exhaust system from a furnace. The method comprises measuring a second amount of particulate exiting a particulate removal system, and controlling a first amount of particulate removed by the particulate removal system based in part on the measured second amount of particulate, such that a desired ratio of PAC-to-particulate is obtained in the portion of the exhaust system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Southern Company
    Inventors: Damon Woodson, Brandon Looney
  • Publication number: 20140260972
    Abstract: Disclosed are an electric dust collector apparatus in an electrostatic precipitator system and a method for electrostatic precipitation thereby. The electric dust collector apparatus includes a flow liquid dust collector part collecting charged dust in a liquid flowing to its one side surface, and a counter unit located opposite to the flow liquid dust collector part and including a metal plate charged with the same polarity with the charged dust to guide the induced charged dust to flow toward the flow liquid dust collector part, wherein the counter unit further includes a coating including an insulating material coating the metal plate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 30, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Zihom Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Dong Jin Oh, Kun Hee Kim, Seong Jin Hwang
  • Patent number: 8710456
    Abstract: A multi-sectional linear ionizing bar with at least four elements is disclosed. First, disclosed bars may include at least one ionization cell with at least one axis-defining linear ion emitter for establishing an ion cloud along the length thereof. Second, disclosed bars may include at least one reference electrode. Third, disclosed bars may include a manifold for receiving gas or air from a source and for delivering same past the linear emitter(s) such that substantially none of the gas/air flows into the ion cloud. Fourth, disclosed bars may include means for receiving the ionizing voltage and for delivering same to the linear emitter(s) to thereby establish the ion cloud. In this way, disclosed ionizing bars may transport ions from the plasma region toward a charge neutralization target without inducing substantial vibration of the linear emitter and without substantial contaminants from the gas/air flow reaching the linear emitter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventors: Aleksey Klochkov, Peter Gefter, Steven Bernard Heymann, Leslie W. Partridge, Greenberry Bedford Brown, Matthew T. Antonelli
  • Patent number: 8663373
    Abstract: A free radical injection ionizer for flue gas treatment with corona discharge includes an injection device for releasing free radical source substances and an electrode device for producing corona, wherein the injection device and the electrode device are arranged separately, wherein the electrode device includes a conductive pole, and discharge tips arranged on the upper and lower sides of the conductive pole at equal intervals, and the injection device includes nozzles symmetrically arranged on two sides of the electrode device, and two lines of holes axially arranged on the walls of the nozzles nearby the electrode device, the axial lines of the holes directing the discharge tips nearest the holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Inventors: Xiang Gao, Zhongyang Luo, Kefa Cen, Mingjiang Ni, Zuliang Wu, Yi Zhong, Yongxin Zhang, Dian Xu, Weihong Wu, Zhenglun Shi, Jinsong Zhou, Mengxiang Fang, Chunjiang Yu, Shurong Wang, Leming Cheng, Qinhui Wang
  • Patent number: 8603262
    Abstract: A cleaning apparatus may include a flow source such as a fan which creates air flow through a ventilation duct or other structure to be cleaned. A projectile source projects projectiles such as dry ice pellets proximate the structure to dislodge debris particles therefrom and introduce the dislodged debris particles into the air flow. An electrostatic precipitator removes the particles from the air flow. An upstream sensor may be used to detect the particles upstream of the electrostatic precipitator and determine if the structure is clean using a controller. A downstream sensor may be used to detect the particles downstream of the electrostatic precipitator and determine the efficiency of the electrostatic precipitator using the controller. Carbon dioxide within the air flow may also be detected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Inventor: Roseanne Lambert
  • Publication number: 20130239806
    Abstract: This invention provides methods for reducing a spark rate and/or increasing the voltage in a cold-side electrostatic precipitator through which a particulate-containing gas stream is directed, wherein said electrostatic precipitator has a spark rate and a voltage. The methods comprise injecting an amount of a halogenated carbonaceous substrate formed from a carbonaceous substrate and an elemental halogen and/or a hydrohalic acid into the particulate-containing gas stream upstream of the electrostatic precipitator, such that the spark rate decreases by about 40% or more and/or such that the voltage can be increased by about 20% or more than when said halogenated carbonaceous substrate is not injected.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 6, 2011
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicant: ALBEMARLE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ronald R. Landreth, Sidney G. Nelson, JR.
  • Patent number: 8518152
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing an electrostatic non-woven intake filter, may include a fabric preparation process that weaves at least a kind of fiber fabric into a web, and a filter fabric manufacturing process that weaves the web into a felt that has at least a layer, and manufactures an electrostatic non-woven intake filter material that is a non-woven fabric having a fiber tissue having a semipermanent electrostatic force by allowing a binder and an electrostatic material to permeate the felt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Sangil Lee, Jungmin Kim
  • Patent number: 8491703
    Abstract: A supply air device including supply air nozzles, through which incoming air is led into a mixing chamber and further into a room so that the supply air device induces a secondary air flow from the room. An electric particle filter and/or a cell gas filter, through which the circulating or secondary air flow is led.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Valtion Teknillinen Tutkimuskeskus
    Inventors: Seppo Enbom, Matti Lehtimäki
  • Patent number: 8492733
    Abstract: A multi-sectional linear ionizing bar with at least four elements is disclosed. First, disclosed bars may include at least one ionization cell with at least one axis-defining linear ion emitter for establishing an ion cloud along the length thereof. Second, disclosed bars may include at least one reference electrode. Third, disclosed bars may include a manifold for receiving gas or air from a source and for delivering same past the linear emitter(s) such that substantially none of the gas/air flows into the ion cloud. Fourth, disclosed bars may include means for receiving the ionizing voltage and for delivering same to the linear emitter(s) to thereby establish the ion cloud. In this way, disclosed ionizing bars may transportions from the plasma region toward a charge neutralization target without inducing substantial vibration of the linear emitter and without substantial contaminants from the gas/air flow reaching the linear emitter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventors: Aleksey Klochkov, Peter Gefter, Steven Bernard Heymann, Leslie W. Partridge, Greenberry Bedford Brown, Matthew T. Antonelli
  • Patent number: 8460433
    Abstract: Clean corona gas ionization by separating contaminant byproducts from corona generated ions includes establishing a non-ionized gas stream having a pressure and flowing in a downstream direction, establishing a plasma region of ions and contaminant byproducts in which the pressure is sufficiently lower than the pressure of the non-ionized gas stream to prevent at least a substantial portion of the byproducts from migrating into the non-ionized gas stream, and applying an electric field to the plasma region sufficient to induce at least a substantial portion of the ions to migrate into the non-ionized gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Gefter, Aleksey Klochkov, John E. Menear, Lyle Dwight Nelsen
  • Patent number: 8449653
    Abstract: A system for enhancing the efficiency of an electrostatic precipitator in a flue gas stream that withdraws a selected amount of combustion gas from a main flue gas stream at a location downstream of the electrostatic precipitator; typically heats the selected amount of combustion gas to a predetermined temperature; passes the selected amount of combustion gas through a catalyst to convert sulfur dioxide to sulfur trioxide producing a mixture of flue gas enriched with sulfur trioxide; and returns the mixture of the flue gas enriched with the sulfur trioxide back into the main flue gas stream at a point upstream of the electrostatic precipitator. A controller can control fans, heaters and dampers as well as make computations as the required amount of sulfur trioxide needed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Inventor: Henry Krigmont
  • Patent number: 8444941
    Abstract: Collection enhanced materials, flue gas additives, and methods of making the enhanced materials and flue gas additives are provided. In one embodiment, a down stream addition system configured to control material passing through a metering device from a vessel to a gaseous exhaust path extending between a unit and an exhaust flue of the unit is provided. In alternative embodiments, methods are provided for introducing at least one of a flue gas additive and a collection enhanced material to a gaseous exhaust stream exiting a unit; exposing and removing at least a portion of at least one a of flue gas additive and a collection enhanced material from a gaseous exhaust stream exiting a unit prior to entering an exhaust flue; and recycling at least a portion of material removed a from a gaseous exhaust stream exiting a unit back to the gaseous exhaust stream without passing through the unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Intercat Equipment, Inc.
    Inventors: Martin Evans, Raymond Fletcher, Mehdi Allahverdi, Guido Aru, Paul Diddams, Xunhua Mo, William Reagan, Shanthakumar Sithambaram
  • Patent number: 8409328
    Abstract: A substrate transfer device includes an atmosphere introduction unit and an atmosphere exhaust unit provided at a top and a bottom portion of a main body of the device, respectively; and a substrate transfer mechanism provided between the atmosphere introduction unit and the atmosphere exhaust unit. The substrate transfer device further includes a downward flow forming unit provided, adjacent to the atmosphere introduction unit, to allow an atmosphere to be introduced through the atmosphere introduction unit and to downwardly flow through the substrate transfer mechanism and be exhausted through the atmosphere exhaust unit; and a gas ionizing unit for ionizing the atmosphere and a particle collecting unit for collecting particles included in the atmosphere, the gas ionizing unit and the particle collecting unit being sequentially provided in the direction in which the atmosphere downwardly flows, between the downward flow forming unit and the substrate transfer mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Tokyo Electron Limited
    Inventors: Jun Yamawaku, Junji Oikawa, Hiroyuki Nakayama
  • Patent number: 8388731
    Abstract: A modular ductwork assembly decontaminates an air stream circulating within a heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system. The assembly includes one or more of (a) an ionizing module for removing particulates from the air stream, (b) a sterilization module for neutralizing airborne pathogens present in the air stream, (c) an ozone treatment module for neutralizing pathogens or odoriferous constituents or volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present in the air stream, optionally (d) baffles for slowing and disrupting the flow rate and promoting turbulence in the air stream traveling through the modules and optionally (e) a fan module for directing a treated air stream, (f) an ozone sensor, (g) a monitoring or ozone control means, (h) a means of delivering and repurposing generated ozone. Each of the modules is arranged substantially adjacent to at least one of the other modules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Inventor: Karen Metteer
  • Publication number: 20130032089
    Abstract: A method for separating overspray from the cabin exhaust air of coating systems, in particular of painting systems, which is laden with overspray, the overspray is taken up by an air flow and conveyed to an electrostatically operating separating device. There, the bulk at least of the solids is separated from the overspray at at least one separating surface. An electrically conductive material or material mixture is used as a separating agent, which is applied to the at least one separating surface of the separating device and at the operating temperature of the separating device has a wax-like consistency. Also a separating device with such a wax-like material and a system for coating articles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2010
    Publication date: February 7, 2013
    Inventors: Kersten Link, Werner Swoboda, Erwin Hihn, Juergen Hanf
  • Patent number: 8316852
    Abstract: Device for extracting particles from exhaled breath, comprising a cooling system (16) for creating droplets by condensation of the water vapor contained in the exhaled breath; a droplet recovery unit (7) provided with a side wall (2) having a grid form and converging towards an outlet opening (9), allowing the droplets attracted towards said side wall (2) to flow along the latter towards the outlet opening (9); and a discharge electrode (1) mounted inside the droplet recovery unit (7), said side wall (2) of said droplet recovery unit (7) defining a counter electrode to said discharge electrode (1) in order to attract droplet-collecting particles carried by exhaled breath towards said side wall (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignees: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, CNRS
    Inventors: Patrick Pouteau, Jean Luc Achard
  • Patent number: 8277932
    Abstract: Membranes, methods of making membranes, and methods of separating gases using membranes are provided. The membranes can include at least one hydrophilic polymer, at least one cross-linking agent, at least one base, and at least one amino compound. The methods of separating gases using membranes can include contacting a gas stream containing at least one of CO2, H2S, and HCl with one side of a nonporous and at least one of CO2, H2S, and HCl selectively permeable membrane such that at least one of CO2, H2S, and HCl is selectively transported through the membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2012
    Assignee: The Ohio State University Research Foundation
    Inventor: W. S. Winston Ho
  • Patent number: 8246720
    Abstract: An electrostatic aerosol concentrator includes an airflow chamber with alternately energized and grounded electrode elements that work in concert to impart radial inward motion to charged aerosol particles and focusing them toward an enriched aerosol outlet. Aerosol particles entering the airflow chamber may carry a positive or negative charge naturally, or a charge may be induced on the particles using a charging section located upstream of the aerosol inlet. Natural or induced charges on the aerosol particles may be used to selectively concentrate subpopulations of aerosol particles from a mixture of particles. For example, bacterial spores or aerosolized viruses may be selectively enriched without concentrating other aerosol particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Assignee: CFD Research Corporation
    Inventors: Kapil Pant, Shivshankar Sundaram, Yi Wang
  • Patent number: 8206494
    Abstract: The invention concerns a device for air/water extraction by semi-humid electrostatic collection, comprising a chamber (7) containing a discharge electrode (1) for generating an ion flow from an ionized gas accumulation surrounding the discharge electrode (1) and a counter-electrode (2), an inlet (3) for mixing air and aerosol to be extracted which contains liquid or solid particles, a steam supply tube (8) and an outlet (4) for the cleansed air. The invention is characterized in that the device enables steam to be introduce the steam supply tube (8) in the gap between the discharge electrode (1) and the counter-electrode (2) so as to form a steam sheath (10) enclosing the discharge electrode over its entire length, such that the treated air is not steam-saturated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignees: CNRS, Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique
    Inventors: Ernest Galbrun, Jean Luc Achard, Yves Fouillet, Raymond Charles
  • Patent number: 8187362
    Abstract: Apparatuses and methods for reducing pollutants in a gas stream are disclosed. The gas stream is introduced into a condensation chamber to condense the gas stream. It then proceeds into a first reaction chamber adapted to electrochemically alter the gas stream. From there, the gas stream is directed into a reduction chamber adapted to reduce pollutants and a resonance chamber adapted to ionize the gas stream. The gas stream is then directed into a second reaction chamber adapted to further reduce pollutants in the stream. After treatment, the gas stream may be discharged into the atmosphere or recirculated through the apparatus to further reduce pollutants in the gas stream, the latter providing for a closed-looped system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Global Solutions Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Edward O. Taylor
  • Patent number: 8080085
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for an ionizer according to various aspects of the present invention include an amplifier disposed within an open ended housing. The air amplifier is used to supply an amplified airflow that may then be passed through an air neutralization system thereby neutralizing the amplified airflow before exiting the housing. A pressurized gas may be injected into an internal portion of the air amplifier where it is mixed with an ambient airflow before exiting the air amplifier as an amplified airflow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2011
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Donald M. Hughes, Inuka D. Renstrom
  • Patent number: 8048200
    Abstract: Clean corona gas ionization by separating contaminant byproducts from corona generated ions includes establishing a non-ionized gas stream having a pressure and flowing in a downstream direction, establishing a plasma region of ions and contaminant byproducts in which the pressure is sufficiently lower than the pressure of the non-ionized gas stream to prevent at least a substantial portion of the byproducts from migrating into the non-ionized gas stream, and applying an electric field to the plasma region sufficient to induce at least a substantial portion of the ions to migrate into the non-ionized gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Inventors: Peter Gefter, Aleksey Klochkov, John E. Menear, Lyle Dwight Nelsen
  • Publication number: 20110233144
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method and apparatus for improved separation or clarification of solids from a solids-laden liquid. Entrained gasses can also be removed. A liquid to be treated is introduced into the inlet of a solid-liquid separator modified to include one or more sources of vibrational energy. The liquid to be treated is directed through a conduit within the separator. Preferably the conduit within the separator is configured into a tortuous flow path to assist in the separation of solids from the liquid. Vibrational energy is applied to the flow path, preferably through the flow path conduit. As solids fall out of solution, they are collected. The clarified liquid is also collected. A vacuum can be applied to the system to assist in moving the solid-liquid mixture through the system and to provide vacuum clarification. Electrocoagulation electrodes and gas sparging can also be employed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2010
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Inventor: Derald L. McCabe
  • Patent number: 7964021
    Abstract: Embodiments of systems and methods for inducing swirl in particles are provided. In one embodiment, a system for inducing swirl in particles may include a supply including a plurality of electrically charged particles, and at least one swirling chamber for creating at least one electrical field therein, which may include an entry path in communication with the supply and an exit path. According to this example embodiment, the plurality of electrically charged particles may flow through the swirling chamber or chambers, causing at least one of the plurality of electrically charged particles to rotate about a radial axis of the swirling chamber as a result of the electrical field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Abdelkrim Younsi, Robert Warren Taylor
  • Publication number: 20110126712
    Abstract: Clean corona ionization bars separate contaminant byproducts from corona generated ions by establishing a non-ionized gas stream having a pressure and directed toward an attractive non-ionizing electric field of a charge neutralization target, by establishing a plasma region of ions and contaminant byproducts in which the pressure is sufficiently lower than the pressure of the non-ionized gas stream to prevent byproducts from migrating into the non-ionized gas stream. The ionization bar(s) may be located sufficiently close to the charged neutralization target that a non-ionizing electric field of the target induces at least a substantial portion of the ions to migrate into the non-ionized gas stream and to the neutralization target as a clean ionized gas stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2011
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Inventor: Peter GEFTER
  • Patent number: 7947110
    Abstract: A method of operating a filtration system that filters flue gas, which includes particulate matter and a gaseous pollutant. The filtration system may include a fabric filter, which is cleaned with periodic pulse cleanings, a discharge electrode upstream of the fabric filter, which imparts an electric charge to at least some of the particulate matter before the particulate matter collects on the fabric filter, a sorbent, which is injected into the flue gas upstream of the fabric filter and absorbs at least some of the gaseous pollutant, and a fan, which draws the flue gas through the fabric filter. The filtration system may have a pulse cleaning interval setting that may be manipulated by an operator of the filtration system. The pulse cleaning interval setting may be the time between the pulse cleanings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2011
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Robert W. Taylor
  • Patent number: 7909912
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for enhancing condensation and separation in a fluid separator, wherein: —a fluid mixture is accelerated to a transonic or supersonic velocity in a throat section of a flow channel and thereby expanded and cooled such that at least some initially gaseous components become supersaturated and condense; —at least some condensed components are removed from the fluid mixture in the flow channel at a location downstream of the throat section; and —condensation of at least some supersaturated components is enhanced by illuminating the fluid mixture flowing through the flow channel by a radiation source (10), such as an Ultraviolet (UV) light source which excites and/or ionizes and induces mercury, water, aromatic hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulphide and/or other components to condense thereby forming condensation nuclei for other supersaturated fluid components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2011
    Assignee: Twister B.V.
    Inventors: Cornelis Antonie Tjeenk Willink, Marco Betting, Jeroen Geldorp, Bart Prast
  • Patent number: 7887618
    Abstract: Methods are provided for reducing emission of mercury from a gas stream by treating the gas with carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles to reduce the mercury content of the gas; collecting the carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles on collection plates of a hot-side ESP; periodically rapping the collection plates to release a substantial portion of the collected carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles into hoppers; and periodically emptying the hoppers, wherein such rapping and emptying are done at rates such that less than 70% of mercury adsorbed onto the mercury sorbent desorbs from the collected mercury sorbent into the gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Assignee: Albemarle Corporation
    Inventor: Sidney Nelson
  • Patent number: 7883558
    Abstract: An emission treatment system includes a separation device having a vessel that includes an inlet for receiving an emission stream having entrained solid particles. A first outlet from the vessel discharges captured solid particles from the emission stream and a second outlet from the vessel discharges a clean stream having fewer entrained solid particles than the emission stream received into the separation device. A particle collector is fluidly connected with the separation device and includes a collection portion for capturing solid particles from the emission stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2011
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Eric J. Gottung, Bruce H. Easom, Sergei F. Burlatsky, Leo A. Smolensky, Luca Bertuccioli
  • Publication number: 20100242726
    Abstract: A supply air device including supply air nozzles, through which incoming air is led into a mixing chamber and further into a room so that the supply air device induces a circulating or secondary air flow from the room. An electric particle filter and/or a cell gas filter, through which the circulating or secondary air flow is led.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2008
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Applicant: Valtion Teknillinen Tutkimuskeskus
    Inventors: Seppo Enbom, Matti Lehtimäki
  • Publication number: 20100236406
    Abstract: A substrate processing apparatus includes a processing chamber for accommodating therein a processing target substrate; a gas exhaust path through which a gas inside the processing chamber is exhausted; one or more exhaust pumps provided in the gas exhaust path; and a scrubber for collecting harmful components from an exhaust gas. The apparatus further includes an ionized gas supply unit for supplying to the gas exhaust path an ionized gas for neutralizing charged particles included in the exhaust gas flowing therethrough.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2010
    Publication date: September 23, 2010
    Applicant: TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED
    Inventors: Jun Yamawaku, Junji Oikawa, Hiroyuki Nakayama
  • Patent number: 7799119
    Abstract: The invention relates to a microwave plasma exciter device which includes a waveguide (23) for concentrating the microwaves; and a plasma generator (110, 120) for forming a plasma, which are disposed in a microwave concentration zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2010
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude Et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Zenon Zakrzewski, Dariusz Czylkowski, Mariusz Jasinski, Michel Moisan, Daniel Guerin, Christian Larquet, Jean-Christophe Rostaing
  • Patent number: 7780765
    Abstract: A method for removing mercury from flue gases generated by the combustion of coal comprises: storing a starter batch of activated carbon in an agglomerated state; de-agglomerating the starter batch in a separation device to create a contact batch of activated carbon; transporting the contact batch to a contact location; injecting the contact batch into contact with the flue gas at a contact location having a temperature between 400° F. and 1100° F., whereupon the activated carbon of the contact batch adsorbs mercury from the flue gas; and removing the activated carbon having mercury adsorbed thereon from the flue gas. The transporting step is conducted with substantially no intermediate storage of the contact batch following the de-agglomeration of the starter batch to prevent re-agglomeration of the activated carbon prior to injection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2010
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technologies Ltd
    Inventors: Srivats Srinivasachar, Shin G. Kang, Kurt W. Johnson
  • Patent number: 7740686
    Abstract: A modular ductwork assembly decontaminates an air stream circulating within an heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system. The assembly includes (a) an ionizing module for removing particulates from the air stream, (b) a sterilization module for neutralizing airborne pathogens present in the air stream, (c) an ozone treatment module for neutralizing odoriferous constituents or volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present in the air stream, optionally (d) baffles for slowing and disrupting the flow rate and promoting turbulence in the air stream traveling through the modules and optionally (e) a fan module for directing a treated air stream. Each of the modules is arranged substantially adjacent to at least one of the other modules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2010
    Inventor: Karen Metteer
  • Patent number: 7731781
    Abstract: The invention provides methods and apparatuses for removing aerosols and, in some cases, vapor phase contaminants, such as mercury, from a gas stream. One method is directed to the removal of additional aerosols from a gas stream from which aerosols have previously been removed by using a screen in combination with a primary aerosol collection device. Another method is directed to the removal of both aerosols and vapor phase contaminants by using a sorbent in combination with a screen. Another method is directed to the removal of vapor phase contaminants by using a catalyst to convert the contaminant to a form that is more easily removed from the gas stream and optionally injecting a chemical to increase the rate of conversion. The invention also provides various apparatuses for use in performing the various methods of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignee: Electric Power Research Institute, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark Simpson Berry, Ramsay Chang
  • Patent number: 7713503
    Abstract: A system for removing mercury from combustion gas. The system includes a combustion device, a stack, and a duct system that couples the combustion device to the stack. The system further comprises an injection system that is coupled to the duct system. The injection system injects sorbents including alkali-based sorbents and carbon-based sorbents into the duct system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2010
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Peter Martin Maly, William Randall Seeker, Vitali Victor Lissianski, Bradley S. Rogers
  • Patent number: 7708814
    Abstract: Carbon dioxide contained within exhaust gas is combined with bivalent metal ions such as calcium ions or the like in concentrated salt water to form precipitated calcium carbonate and then can be expelled out. Such an environmental friendly design is realized by a bottle upside down device with a bottle neck exit on a bottom. A piston inside the device can be elevated to a top portion to produce a near vacuum air pressure inside the device. All the brine, exhaust gas, and oxygen, ozone drawn together into the device can be accelerated to form, at least, precipitated calcium carbonate to reduce carbon dioxide contained within the exhaust gas. Chemical reaction is accelerated by a high voltage discharger below the piston and by flashing a portion of water to atomize the brine. A heater can heat up the near vacuum device to accelerate chemical reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2010
    Inventor: Chia-Chang Liu
  • Publication number: 20100031818
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for treating a coal combustion flue gas. In one embodiment, the method includes injecting a halogen into a flue gas, and injecting partially combusted, carbon enriched alkaline coal ash solid particles into the flue gas ahead of a particulate collection device. In another embodiment, the method includes exposing partially combusted, carbon enriched alkaline coal ash solid particles to a halogen containing atmosphere, and injecting the halogen atmosphere treated alkaline carbon containing solid particles into the flue gas ahead of a particulate collection device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2007
    Publication date: February 11, 2010
    Inventors: Brian S. Higgins, Klaus Oehr, Eric Fischer
  • Publication number: 20100024639
    Abstract: A method of operating a filtration system that filters flue gas, which includes particulate matter and a gaseous pollutant. The filtration system may include a fabric filter, which is cleaned with periodic pulse cleanings, a discharge electrode upstream of the fabric filter, which imparts an electric charge to at least some of the particulate matter before the particulate matter collects on the fabric filter, a sorbent, which is injected into the flue gas upstream of the fabric filter and absorbs at least some of the gaseous pollutant, and a fan, which draws the flue gas through the fabric filter. The filtration system may have a pulse cleaning interval setting that may be manipulated by an operator of the filtration system. The pulse cleaning interval setting may be the time between the pulse cleanings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2008
    Publication date: February 4, 2010
    Inventor: Robert W. Taylor
  • Publication number: 20090301298
    Abstract: Apparatus for treating a gas stream comprises a plasma abatement device (10). A wet electrostatic precipitator (20,22) is provided upstream from the abatement device (10) to remove particulates from the gas stream to inhibit clogging on the inlet of the abatement device. An additional wet electrostatic precipitator (24) may be provided downstream from the abatement device (10) for removing from the gas stream particulates generated within the abatement device (10).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2006
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Inventor: Andrew James Seeley
  • Publication number: 20090293718
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for an ionizer according to various aspects of the present invention include an amplifier disposed within an open ended housing. The air amplifier is used to supply an amplified airflow that may then be passed through an air neutralization system thereby neutralizing the amplified airflow before exiting the housing. A pressurized gas may be injected into an internal portion of the air amplifier where it is mixed with an ambient airflow before exiting the air amplifier as an amplified airflow.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2009
    Publication date: December 3, 2009
    Inventors: DONALD M. HUGHES, Inuka D. Renstrom
  • Publication number: 20090272267
    Abstract: Methods are provided for reducing emission of mercury from a gas stream by treating the gas with carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles to reduce the mercury content of the gas; collecting the carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles on collection plates of a hot-side ESP; periodically rapping the collection plates to release a substantial portion of the collected carbonaceous mercury sorbent particles into hoppers; and periodically emptying the hoppers, wherein such rapping and emptying are done at rates such that less than 70% of mercury adsorbed onto the mercury sorbent desorbs from the collected mercury sorbent into the gas stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2009
    Publication date: November 5, 2009
    Inventor: Sidney NELSON
  • Publication number: 20090241774
    Abstract: A method of removing SOx from a flue gas stream including SOx includes providing a source of trona and injecting the trona as a dry sorbent into the flue gas stream. The temperature of the flue gas is at an elevated temperature greater than 400° F., preferably between about 600° F. and about 900° F. The trona is maintained in contact with the flue gas for a time sufficient to react a portion of the trona with a portion of the SOx to reduce the concentration of the SO2 and/or SO3 in the flue gas stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2009
    Publication date: October 1, 2009
    Inventor: John MAZIUK, JR.
  • Publication number: 20090241775
    Abstract: The present invention is broadly directed to non-thermal plasma-based systems for reducing the amount of particulate matter in a gas stream, as well as to methods for using such systems. The present invention is particularly directed to such non-thermal plasma-based particulate matter reduction systems with self-cleaning surfaces. Particularly contemplated are self-cleaning surfaces that reduce particulate matter buildup such as is likely to cause the reduction of non-thermal plasma production in the system, and therefore the ability of such systems to reduce the amount of particulate matter in the gas stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2009
    Publication date: October 1, 2009
    Applicant: Environmental Energy Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Ali Ogut, Richard Backus
  • Patent number: 7559976
    Abstract: A multi-stage collector for multi-pollutant control that contains alternating narrow and wide sections with glow discharge electrodes in some narrow sections, a uniform electric field in wide sections for collecting particles charged by the glow discharge and streamer discharge electrodes in wide or narrow sections that convert and destroy harmful gaseous pollutants such as SO2, NOx and volatile organic compounds as well as convert heavy metals such as mercury into a particulate form. Steady state streamer discharge is supported by non-pulsed power supply. The streaming discharge can convert the polluting gases into nitric and sulfuric acid which can be removed by combining it with ammonia to form solid salts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2009
    Inventors: Henry Krigmont, Yuri Akishev
  • Patent number: 7540900
    Abstract: The air clarifying apparatus includes a negative ion generator and an indoor air circulator. It further includes an ozone generator having a capability of maintaining the average concentration value of ozone in an indoor atmosphere at 0.02 to 0.05 ppm, while the average concentration value of negative ions in the vicinity of the blowout port of the negative ion generator is maintained at 200,000 to 1,000,000 pieces/cc. With this configuration, the negative ions coexist with ozone having a low concentration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2009
    Assignee: Aiba Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hideshige Aiba
  • Publication number: 20090101009
    Abstract: A method of separating a coal particle-laden gas mixture into a flue gas recirculation stream and a concentrated sorbent stream includes initiating combustion of a mixture of air and coal in a combustion chamber, extracting a mixture of flue gas and partially-combusted coal particles from the combustion chamber, inducing flow of the mixture of flue gas and partially-combusted coal particles toward a core separator apparatus, and separating the mixture of flue gas and partially-combusted coal particles into the flue gas recirculation stream and the concentrated sorbent stream using a centrifugal action of the core separator apparatus. The recirculation stream and the concentrated sorbent stream flow out of the core separator apparatus on a substantially continuous basis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2007
    Publication date: April 23, 2009
    Applicant: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Yehia F. Khalil, Sergei F. Burlatsky, Zissis A. Dardas, Eric J. Gottung