Filming Of Distilland For Vaporization Patents (Class 203/89)
  • Patent number: 9358479
    Abstract: An apparatus for heat-integrated distillation comprising an evaporation chamber (1) with an inlet for feed, an outlet 6 for vapor and an outlet (9) for remnants and a condensation chamber (2) divided into a number consecutive sections (2.1; 2.2; 2.3). The apparatus further, comprises a wall (3) separating the evaporation chamber (1) from the condensation chamber (2), and a compressor (10, 13, 16) for each section of the condensation chamber, at first compressor (10) being arranged in a line connecting the evaporation chamber (1) and the first section (2.1) if the condensation chamber (1) and the additional compressors (13, 16) being arranged in respective lines connecting consecutive sections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2016
    Assignee: IBUS Innovation A/S
    Inventors: Børge Holm Christensen, Lena Holm Christensen, Lars Schønfeldt
  • Patent number: 9242860
    Abstract: Chlorine is prepared by catalytic oxidation of a hydrogen chloride stream having a content of sulfur in elemental or bonded form of less than 100 ppm, preferably less than 50 ppm, more preferably less than 5 ppm, most preferably less than 1 ppm, based on the weight of the hydrogen chloride stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2016
    Assignee: Bayer MaterialScience AG
    Inventors: Michel Haas, Rainer Bruns, Tim Loddenkemper
  • Publication number: 20150112088
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for preparing high purity anhydrosugar alcohols using hydrogenated sugar, and more specifically, to a method for preparing high purity anhydrosugar alcohols (particularly, isosorbide, isomannide, isoidide, and the like) with a purity of 97.5% or higher (more preferably, 98.5% or higher) and a pH of a distillate of 3.7 or higher (more preferably, 4.0 or higher) in a distillation yield of 87% or higher (more preferably, 90% or higher) by adding an acid to hexitol so as to convert the same into anhydrosugar alcohols, and single-stage distilling the converted product by using an internal condenser type thin film evaporator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: SAMYANG GENEX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Do Hyun Kyung, Young Jae Jung, Jin Kyung Kim, Hoon Ryu
  • Patent number: 8951392
    Abstract: A modular portable evaporator system for use in a Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD) systems having an evaporator, with a sump including an oil skimming weir, a short tube vertical falling film heat exchanger including an outer shell containing short tubes provided for lower water circulation rate. The system further having external to the evaporator, a compressor for compressing evaporated steam from the tube side of the heat exchanger and routing to the shell side of the same exchanger, a distillate tank to collect hot distilled water, a recirculation pump to introduce liquids from the sump into the heat exchanger and an external suction drum protecting the compressor from liquid impurities. The evaporator system receives produced water from the SAGD process into the sump and provides cleaned hot water to a boiler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: 1nSite Technologies Ltd.
    Inventor: Kenneth James
  • Publication number: 20150001062
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for reconditioning bearing lubricants that can be used in equipment for metal working, in which cooling lubricant that can be used in equipment for metal working is separated from the bearing lubricant. In addition the invention relates to a bearing lubricant for use in the method according to the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Stephan Draese, Oliver Seifferth
  • Publication number: 20140367244
    Abstract: A reactor comprising a vessel; a fluid dispensing system having a plurality of ports arranged lengthwise along the inner surface of the vessel to distribute the fluid thereon in a controlled manner to maintain substantially uniform thin film flow along the length of the inner surface; and an outlet for removing vapor. A system comprising a fluid source; a first vessel; a heat exchanger for preheating the fluid; a first pathway for directing a preheating fluid from the first vessel to the heat exchanger; and a second pathway for directing preheated fluid toward the first vessel for processing. A method comprising introducing a fluid; distributing the fluid in a controlled manner to form a substantially uniform thin film flow an inner surface of a vessel; evaporating fluid; and removing vapor. A method comprising introducing a fluid; processing the fluid; directing processed fluid into another vessel; and further processing the fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventor: Roshan J.J. Jachuck
  • Patent number: 8871062
    Abstract: An apparatus and method are disclosed for controlling the thickness of a flowing, laminar fluid film. The film flow may be gravity-induced or the result of an alternative force. The fluid is deposited on an upper end of a flow surface where a relatively thick layer of the film forms. The film flows over a fluid dispersal region where the surface area is rapidly expanding, which results in rapid thinning of the film thickness. The fluid then flows over an active region where the surface area is designed to control the fluid film thickness. For example, in some applications, it may be desirable to maintain an approximately constant film thickness as the fluid flows over the active region of the surface. The geometry of the flow surface is used to obtain the desired control over the fluid film thickness. The flow surface is the outer surface of a solid with a closed upper end and a lower end that may be open or closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Inventors: Charles David Gilliam, Stefanie Renee Gilliam
  • Patent number: 8858758
    Abstract: A distiller including an evaporator having at least one evaporation surface for evaporating liquid into vapor. At least one movable liquid applicator assembly has a wiper applicator which can move over the at least one evaporation surface, for wiping and applying a thin even film of the liquid on the at least one evaporation surface for evaporation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Aquaback Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: William H. Zebuhr
  • Publication number: 20140224638
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for desolvating flowing liquid streams while retaining temporal resolution of dissolved substrates are disclosed. A novel small-scale self-regulating spray dryer preserves temporal resolution while desolvating a liquid chromatography eluent stream and depositing the solute onto an optical surface for infrared spectrographic analysis. The liquid eluent is pumped through a heated nebulizer to create a high-speed jet of solute containing liquid and solvent vapor. This jet is directed circumferentially inside a hot cylindrical cavity. Centrifugal force causes the larger liquid droplets to travel along the outer diameter of the cavity. The cavity surface is heated to cause the droplets to film boil. Film boiling reduces droplet contact with the cavity surface thereby retaining the solute in the droplets. The solute temperature is limited by controlling the pressure into which the solvent evaporates from the droplets.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2014
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: SPECTRA ANALYSIS INSTRUMENTS, INC.
    Inventors: William W. CARSON, Sidney BOURNE
  • Patent number: 8771478
    Abstract: A modular distillation apparatus including at least one heat exchanger that preheats contaminated liquids: a heater that heats the contaminated liquid from the heat exchanger; an evaporator condenser adapted o boil the contaminated liquid coming out of the heater to produce water vapor and contaminant concentrate, and condenser the water vapor into distilled water; a vacuum chamber capable of operating at below atmospheric pressure, the vacuum chamber housing the evaporator condenser and including at least one partition to separate the distilled water from the contaminate concentrate; a vapor compressor operably associated with the vacuum chamber to receive water vapor from the evaporator condenser in the vacuum chamber and pump the water vapor at pressure back through the evaporator condenser, wherein the heat exchanger recovers sensible heat from outgoing condensed distilled water and contaminant concentrate recycled from the vacuum chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Equus Environmental Ltd.
    Inventor: Dudley Edgar James Ward
  • Publication number: 20140042010
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for recovering transition metal tetrahalides from a waste stream coming from a catalyst manufacturing process by (a) establishing a mixed stream comprising transition metal tetrahalide and transition metal alkoxyhalides; (b) forming a falling liquid film from the mixed stream of step (a) at a temperature of from 25 to 85° C. and an absolute pressure of from 0.05 to 0.6 bar; and (c) establishing from the film of step (b) a first vapour stream containing from 90 to 100% of recoverable components and a second liquid stream containing about 10 to 80% of titanium haloalkoxides.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2011
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: BOREALIS AG
    Inventors: Mikko Lylykangas, Jukka Räsänen, Klaus Nyfors, Pekka Malinen
  • Publication number: 20140014493
    Abstract: Mass transfer packing with a minimal surface or a triply periodic minimal surface which enables significantly improved performance for separation and mixing applications particularly with respect to distillation, liquid-liquid contacting, and heat exchange applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Inventor: Robert C. Ryan
  • Publication number: 20130313103
    Abstract: A method of conducting a distillation process and a cross-corrugated structured packing for use in such a process in which ascending vapor phases and descending liquid phases are contacted in such packing. The cross-corrugated structured packing contains corrugated sheets fabricated of an open cell foam-like material. The liquid phase produces a liquid film descending along struts forming cells of the material and the vapor phase ascends within the cross-corrugated structured packing and enters the cells and contacts the liquid film. The cross-corrugated structured packing is configured such that a superficial velocity at which ambient air would flow through the cross-corrugated structured packing at a pressure drop of 0.3? wc/ft is no greater than 20 times a reference superficial velocity at which the ambient air would flow through the foam-like material making up the corrugated sheets at the same pressure drop to ensure that vapor enters the cells of the foam-like material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2012
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Inventors: John Billingham, Guang X. Chen
  • Patent number: 8591705
    Abstract: A multi-effect evaporator, having an upstream and a downstream end, adapted for distillation of water. It includes a plurality of effects connected in a series manner and arranged into groups. Each group has a common parallel water feed inlet adapted to supply all effects in the group with feed water. The evaporator further includes a main feed water line in fluid communication with the most upstream group. An array of heaters is disposed along the line, adapted for heating the feed water before its entry into the effects of the latter group. Each effect includes means for forwarding the second outlet vapor into one of the heaters for heating the feed water. Each group includes a pump adapted to extract the concentrate from the effects of the group and pump it into the common parallel water feed of an adjacent downstream group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: I.D.E. Technologies Ltd.
    Inventors: Joseph Weinberg, Avraham Ophir
  • Patent number: 8584374
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for removing water from a mixture containing at least one compound having at least one group reactive towards isocyanate and containing water, the mixture being applied to the surface of a rotating body A, the mixture flowing over the surface of the rotating body A to an outer region of the surface of the rotating body A and water evaporating from the mixture. In particular, this method is suitable for removing water from alcohols and amines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Construction Research & Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Simone Klapdohr, Burkhard Walther, Helmut Mack, Zhizhong Cai, Laurent Marc, Jochen Mezger, Tobias Austermann, Silke Flakus
  • Publication number: 20130206582
    Abstract: A device (100) for distilling or thickening fluids, having a chamber (102), an electromagnetic radiation generator (104) and a waveguide (106) connecting the electromagnetic radiation generator (104) with the interior of the chamber (102). The device (100) has a channel (108) located below the end (110) of the waveguide (106), the channel being adapted for transporting the fluid. One end of the channel (108) is the inlet (112) and the other end of the channel (108) is the outlet (114) for the fluid, the channel being shaped so as to prolong the dwell time of the fluid in the chamber (102).
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Inventor: PLAZMATRONIKA NT Sp. zo.o.
  • Publication number: 20130204066
    Abstract: A unit for establishing contact between a liquid and a gas includes: a chamber having a vertical axis; a first series of contact sections disposed along the length of the vertical axis of the chamber; a second series of contact sections disposed along the length of the vertical axis of the chamber, alternated with the contact sections of the first series; and a liquid circulation system designed to circulate a liquid in the contact sections of the first series and in the contact sections of the second series in a separate manner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2011
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: TOTAL S.A.
    Inventor: Denis Chretien
  • Patent number: 8486223
    Abstract: A falling film evaporator having a shell pass, multiple tubes parallel to each other, a condensed steam outlet, an inlet for an aqueous solution on the top of the tube pass, an outlet for the aqueous solution at the bottom of the tube pass, a distributing assembly having a plurality of distributing trays arranged vertically from top to bottom in incremental diameters and each having multiple holes, and a plate for collecting the aqueous solution below the distributing assembly. The tubes are straight and installed vertically in the evaporator; inner wall of the tubes is smooth, and the top portion of the tubes is protruded above a horizontal plane of the plate. The evaporator is particularly useful for concentrating an aqueous solution containing thermosensitive materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Jiangsu Sinorgchem Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Xiaogen Feng, Nongyue Wang, Xiaohui Mao, Ruibiao Yu, Qianwen Cheng
  • Publication number: 20130092523
    Abstract: An evaporator having more efficient heat transfer tubes, that are either or both coated and vertically corrugated. The coating, though reducing the heat transfer co-efficient, lengthens the time between cleaning treatment to increase the overall efficiency of the evaporator. The corrugation of the tubes controls the film characteristics and enhances evaporation from the film upon condensation of vapor within the tubes. The corrugation profile is selected to enhance waviness and turbulence of the films and thereby increase evaporation and condensation and hence the effectivity of the evaporator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2011
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Applicant: I.D.E. TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
    Inventors: Amnon Levy, Joseph Weinberg, Henrikh Rojanskiy
  • Patent number: 8419903
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for controlling, manually or automatically, the composition or quality of one or more products removed from the head, the sump or a lateral removal point of the distillation column having a built-in heat-exchanger. The method is characterized in that, by changing the pressure in the column, in the region of the product removal, the new boiling temperature of the product is determined from the vapor pressure curve of the product at said pressure and the temperature of the distillation removal is adjusted to said new boiling temperature by means of the modified coolant flowing through the heat-exchanger, preferably in the counter direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Inventor: Frank Bahr
  • Patent number: 8382962
    Abstract: A method of distilling mixtures of salts having a melting point of less than 200° C. at 1 bar (ionic liquids). The cation of the ionic liquid has a heterocyclic ring system having at least one nitrogen atom, and all nitrogen atoms of the heterocyclic ring system have an organic group as substituent. The anion of the ionic liquid is a compound having at least one carboxylate group or at least one phosphate group. The distance from the surface via which the heat of distillation is introduced in the distillation (vaporizer surface) to the surface at which condensation takes place (condenser surface) is less than 50 cm at at least one point, with the vaporizer surface and condenser surface themselves having at least one length dimension of greater than 50 cm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Klemens Massonne, Michael Siemer, Werner Mormann, Wei Leng
  • Patent number: 8287698
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process and a system for producing alcohol by distillation with energy optimization using split-feed technology. The process of the present invention comprises the steps of: a) splitting a stream of wine to feed two depuration columns , the depuration column generating a stream of phlegma and the depuration column generating a stream of phlegma and a stream of vinasse; b) feeding the stream of phlegma into at least one rectification column generating a top flow and a stream of hydrated alcohol; c) effecting the heat exchange between the top flow from at least one rectification column and the stream of vinasse from the depuration column in at least one heat exchanger; and d) feeding the stream of phlegma into a rectification column generating a stream of hydrated alcohol. The present invention further relates to hydrated alcohol produced by the process described above and to a process for producing anhydrous alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignees: Siemens Ltda., Dedini S/A Industrias de Base
    Inventors: Flávio Martins De Queiroz Guimarães, Carlos Eduardo Fontes Da Costa E Silva, Adler Gomes Moura
  • Patent number: 8252148
    Abstract: A mobile waste processing system and method is disclosed for processing materials in a tank, typically an underground storage tank. A mobile fluid processing module is disposed adjacent to or over the tank, and sealingly connected to the tank through a tank riser. Support equipment, which may include an electric power module, a chiller module, a heating module, and a control and monitor module, are disposed a distance from the processing module, and connected thereto. A pump and optionally a dispersal nozzle are deployed from the processing module into the tank, and effluent is extracted for processing. The processing trailer includes effluent processing equipment such as an evaporator and demister, condenser, vacuum pump, and interim storage tank. The effluent is processed, and at least a portion is removed. Some of the processed effluent may be returned to the tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2012
    Assignee: Columbia Energy & Environmental Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Wolfe, Brian Brendel
  • Patent number: 8231765
    Abstract: A method and a plant are disclosed for purifying lactams, particularly lactams obtained by cyclizing hydrolysis of aminonitrile. The purification of ?-caprolactam obtained by cyclizing hydrolysis of aminocapronitrile is described which includes eliminating the ammonia from the reaction medium of the hydrolysis, then recovering the lactam from the medium in purified form. The recovery is carried out by performing at least a distillation of the lactam in the presence of a base producing optionally a fronts fraction having compounds more volatile than the lactam, a fraction having the lactam to be recovered to the degree of desired purity and a distillation tails having the lactam and compounds less volatile than the lactam. The distillation tails are treated by various processes such as evaporation in thin layers to recover the major part of the caprolactam and recycling the latter in the purification process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: Rhodia Polyamide Intermediates
    Inventors: Daniel Amoros, Philippe Leconte, Pierre Coqueret
  • Publication number: 20120175240
    Abstract: Odorant from a process stream is removed by passing the stream (18) to a counter-current contacting device (12) for stripping odorants. The odorants passes from the contacting device (12) as contaminated steam (26) whilst the remaining process stream passes directly to a “tube side” of a falling film evaporator (14) and is heated producing steam that passes into the counter-current contacting device (12) to strip that process stream and produce the contaminated steam (26). This contaminated steam from the contacting device (12) passes through a vapour compression step (16) from which it is introduced into a “shell side” of the falling film evaporator (14) and in which it heats the process stream passing from the contacting device (12) into the evaporator (14). The contaminated steam that is not condensed in the falling film evaporator passes as a low flow vent gas (50) in which the odorants have been concentrated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 17, 2011
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Applicant: ALCOA OF AUSTRALIA LIMITED
    Inventor: Peter Stewart Hay
  • Patent number: 8192589
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device for the purification of an aqueous solution of an organic acid having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of less than 450° C., which further has approximately 275 g carboxylate ions/l or less, preferably 250 g carboxylate ions/l or less, and preferably less than 1% by weight ionic impurities, calculated on the basis of the total solution. In particular, the invention relates to a method and a device for the continuous purification and concentration, on an industrial scale, of an aqueous solution of an organic acid having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of less than 450° C. According to the method, this solution is subjected to two or more distillation steps, the first distillation step being carried out at a temperature of from 80° to 150° C. and a pressure of from 50 to 250 mbar, and the second distillation step being carried out at a temperature of from 80° to 200° C. and a pressure of from 0.01 to 50 mbar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Purac Biochem B.V.
    Inventors: Hendrik Martinus Winkelaar, Jan Van Breugel, Margarita Camprubi Vilá, José Maria Vidal Lancis
  • Publication number: 20120103786
    Abstract: A method for separating and recovering an aromatic aldehyde from a mixture thereof that also contains tar and light and heavy impurities, includes feeding the liquid flow containing this mixture into an evaporator, vaporizing the mixture in order to separate, on the one hand, a gaseous flow containing the aromatic aldehyde, the light impurities, the heavy impurities that can be vaporized at the selected evaporation temperature and pressure and, on the other hand, a liquid flow essentially containing the tar, and recovering the aromatic aldehyde from the separated gaseous flow.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2009
    Publication date: May 3, 2012
    Inventors: Hubert Gayet, Jean-Claude Masson
  • Patent number: 8142661
    Abstract: In the co-production of propylene oxide and styrene monomer, there is produced a sodium-containing heavy residue stream previously suitable only as a low grade fuel. In accordance with the invention, the heavy residue stream is mixed with a hydrocarbon and an aqueous acid, and the resulting mixture is separated into an aqueous sodium salt-containing slurry phase and an organic phase reduced in sodium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Lyondell Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Dan D. Lindsey, Karl P. Rufener
  • Publication number: 20120037488
    Abstract: A distiller including an evaporator having at least one evaporation surface for evaporating liquid into vapor. At least one movable liquid applicator assembly has a wiper applicator which can move over the at least one evaporation surface, for wiping and applying a thin even film of the liquid on the at least one evaporation surface for evaporation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2011
    Publication date: February 16, 2012
    Applicant: Aquaback Technologies Inc.
    Inventor: William H. Zebuhr
  • Patent number: 8092656
    Abstract: A process for treatment of an aqueous stream to produce a low solute containing distillate stream and a high solute/solids containing blowdown stream utilizing a method to increase the efficiency of an evaporator while providing an essentially scale free environment for the heat transfer surface. Multi-valent ions and non-hydroxide alkalinity are removed from aqueous feed streams to very low levels and then the pH is increased preferably to about 9 or higher to increase the ionization of low ionizable constituents in the aqueous solution. In this manner, species such as silica and boron become highly ionized, and their solubility in the concentrated solution that is present in the evaporation equipment is significantly increased. The result of this is high allowable concentration factors and a corresponding increase in the recovery of high quality reusable water with essentially no scaling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: Aquatech International Corporation
    Inventors: Keith R. Minnich, Ramkumar Karlupudi, Richard M. Schoen
  • Publication number: 20110226606
    Abstract: A falling film evaporator having a shell pass, multiple tubes parallel to each other, a condensed steam outlet, an inlet for an aqueous solution on the top of the tube pass, an outlet for the aqueous solution at the bottom of the tube pass, a distributing assembly having a plurality of distributing trays arranged vertically from top to bottom in incremental diameters and each having multiple holes, and a plate for collecting the aqueous solution below the distributing assembly. The tubes are straight and installed vertically in the evaporator; inner wall of the tubes is smooth, and the top portion of the tubes is protruded above a horizontal plane of the plate. The evaporator is particularly useful for concentrating an aqueous solution containing thermosensitive materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2010
    Publication date: September 22, 2011
    Applicant: Jiangsu Sinorgchem Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Xiaogen FENG, Nongyue WANG, Xiaohui MAO, Ruibiao YU, Qianwen CHENG
  • Patent number: 7998317
    Abstract: A glycerol preparation method for preparation of medical grade glycerol from a by-product of a bio-diesel process includes a first stage phosphoric acid chemical reaction process and a posterior by-product centrifugal separation process to have the phosphoric acid chemical reaction by-product be separated into free fatty acid, potassium phosphoric acid, and a crude glycerol and methanol mixture. The crude glycerol and methanol mixture is further processed through a first step of thin film evaporation process where methanol is reclaimed, a second step of thin film evaporation process where the mixture is dehydrated, a third step of molecular distillation process where an industrial grade glycerol of purity over 95% is extracted, and a fourth step of molecular distillation process where a medical grade glycerol of purity in exceed of 99.75% that meets USP/BP standards is extracted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Inventor: Wei Ming Chang
  • Patent number: 7959768
    Abstract: The invention relates to a falling film evaporator, which is fitted with a liquid distributor which is divided into segments, such that it is possible to charge only a limited number of evaporator tubes with liquid and the evaporator can be operated in an optimum manner even with a partial load. The invention also relates to a method for operating said falling film evaporator, the aim of which is to transfer heat, which is released when a gas-vapor mixture is condensed, to a liquid which is to be evaporated at least partially. It would be useful to use said falling film evaporator thus fitted in heat recuperation systems such as those used in the production of 1,2 dichloroethane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: UHDE GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Porscha, Michael Benje, Harald Hafenscher
  • Patent number: 7955476
    Abstract: A multiple application recycling and purification device has a coaxial core that is horizontally oriented, non-rotating, cylindrical distillation chamber. The enhanced, completely coaxial configuration continuously cleans the entire distillation chamber and spreads a thin film of liquid to enhance distillation and positively aid in the removal of remaining contaminants. Through a timed and positioned valve, the device removes and purges lower-temperature contaminants. Timed valves and sensors control all phases of the distillation to provide a coaxially integrated, stand-alone, adaptable, scalable and maintenance free distillation unit that self-monitors, self-cleans and economically functions to produce the pure distilled liquid, e.g., water. This device can be modified to purify any numerous array of liquids and can be scaled to produce any amount of purified liquids for either household, commercial, or industrial applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: Mansur Corporation
    Inventor: Pierre G. Mansur
  • Publication number: 20100300870
    Abstract: Method of distilling mixtures comprising salts having a melting point of less than 200° C. at 1 bar (ionic liquids), wherein the cation of the ionic liquid comprises a heterocyclic ring system having at least one nitrogen atom and all nitrogen atoms of the heterocyclic ring system have an organic group as substituent, the anion of the ionic liquid is a compound having at least one carboxylate group (carboxylate for short) or at least one phosphate group (phosphate for short) and the distance from the surface via which the heat of distillation is introduced in the distillation (vaporizer surface) to the surface at which condensation takes place (condenser surface) is less than 50 cm at least one point, with the vaporizer surface and condenser surface themselves having at least one length dimension of greater than 50 cm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2008
    Publication date: December 2, 2010
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Klemens Massonne, Michael Siemer, Werner Mormann, Wei Leng
  • Publication number: 20100243425
    Abstract: The system contains a liquid-tight enclosure. An input source is connected to the liquid-tight enclosure for inputting water into the liquid-tight enclosure. A heating element is in thermal communication with at least a portion of the water within the liquid-tight enclosure. A plurality of substantially vertical plates are aligned along a substantially horizontal axis within the liquid-tight enclosure. Each of the substantially vertical plates has an opening. A groove is formed along each of the substantially vertical plates. A first end of the groove on each of the substantially vertical plates is proximate to the opening. At least one manifold extends through a plurality of the openings of the substantially vertical plates. The manifold is in fluid communication with a plurality of the first ends of the grooves. An output opening is formed in the liquid-tight enclosure. The output opening is arranged in fluid communication with the manifold.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2009
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Inventor: Samuel T. Kjellman
  • Patent number: 7799178
    Abstract: An improved method for efficiently adding additional heat values into a distillation process to optimize the production of distillate from water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2010
    Assignee: Black & Veatch Holding Company
    Inventor: Michael J. Eddington
  • Patent number: 7785448
    Abstract: A method of operating an evaporator is described. In evaporator feed water, a Taylor bubble is developed which has an outer surface including a thin film in contact with an inner surface of an outer wall of an evaporator tube. The Taylor bubble is heated as it rises within the evaporator tube so that liquid in the thin film transitions into vapor within the bubble.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Assignee: DEKA Products Limited Partnership
    Inventor: Kingston Owens
  • Patent number: 7718033
    Abstract: A one step method and system for producing nanofluids by a particle-source evaporation and deposition of the evaporant into a base fluid. The base fluid such (i.e. ethylene glycol) is placed in a rotating cylindrical drum having an adjustable heater-boat-evaporator and heat exchanger-cooler apparatus. As the drum rotates, a thin liquid layer is formed on the inside surface of the drum. A heater-boat-evaporator having an evaporant material (particle-source) placed within its boat evaporator is adjustably positioned near a portion of the rotating thin liquid layer, the evaporant material being heated thereby evaporating a portion of the evaporant material, the evaporated material absorbed by the liquid film to form nanofluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2010
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Milivoje Kostic, Mihajlo Golubovic, John R. Hull, Stephen U. S. Choi
  • Publication number: 20100044207
    Abstract: A liquid refining device for separation and removal of volatile contaminants from liquids. A first feature of this design is the use of an Evaporation/separation chamber comprising two separate channels, one for collecting the purified liquid, and the other for collecting and passing the separated and vaporized contaminants therefrom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2008
    Publication date: February 25, 2010
    Inventor: Charles Andrew Lowry
  • Patent number: 7666281
    Abstract: Purified water for special purposes is produced using a falling-film multieffect evaporator. From the feed water, each effect produces a steam phase and a water phase. The steam phase is used for heating in the subsequent evaporating step, whereby the steam phase condenses to product water, and the water phase becomes feed water for the subsequent evaporation step. According to the invention, the product water may be wholly or partly recycled to the initial feed water, allowing process startup and sterilisation of the plant without conducting hot product water to the drain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2010
    Assignee: STERIS Europe Inc. Suomen Sivuliike
    Inventors: Ilkka Olavi Laitinen, Teppo Nurminen, Mauri Salmisuo
  • Patent number: 7619098
    Abstract: Process for the preparation of on-spec phthalic anhydride by the distillative purification of crude phthalic anhydride at reduced pressure, where the crude phthalic anhydride is passed to the distillation column above a side take-off, the low-boiling components are removed at the top of the column or in the vicinity of the top of the column and the on-spec phthalic anhydride is removed from the side take-off of the column, in which a distillation column is used whose number of theoretical plates located above the supply of the crude phthalic anhydride into the distillation column is 10 to 20 and the column is operated at a reflux ratio of from 0.1 to 0.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2009
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Werner Peschel, Matthias Kummer, Marcus Bechtel
  • Patent number: 7611604
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device for the production of pure steam. A falling-film evaporator is used. Of the water-steam mixture leaving the evaporator unit, part of the water is collected at the bottom of the device, and a fraction mainly consisting of steam enters a rising spiral channel for the separation of impurities. In the periphery of the spiral channel apertures are provided for separating impurity-containing droplets, which condense on a surface outside the apertures. The liquid formed is removed from the device. The water phase collected at the bottom enters a recycle line connected to the feed end of the evaporator unit. Feed water is supplied to the recycle line to compensate for pure steam consumption.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2009
    Assignee: STERIS Europe Inc.
    Inventors: Mauri Salmisuo, Ilkka Olavi Laitinen
  • Patent number: 7594980
    Abstract: Device for distillation, for example extraction of fresh water from sea water, including a number of chambers (3) at least in one row, an inlet (10) for distillation fluid, an outlet (11) for the distillation residue, an outlet (5) for the distillate, and a gas compressor (13). Further, the device includes two pipe systems (1,2), where the first pipe system (1) has an inlet (10) for the distillation fluid and an outlet (11) for the distillation residue, together with an outlet (12) for damp. The second pipe system (2) has a number of chambers (3) in a row, each row (3) having an upper inlet (4) for damp and a lower outlet (5) for distillate. The inlets (4) are connected in parallel, and the outlets (5) are connected in parallel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2009
    Assignee: GND Water AS
    Inventor: Olav E. Sandstad
  • Patent number: 7540944
    Abstract: The present water reclamation system comprises a series of concentric thin shells. The shells mount within a housing that can be maintained under vacuum or low pressure. The shells rotate at high velocity. Contaminated liquid from outside the housing is injected into the space between half the shells. The centrifugal force causes the liquid to form a thin film along the inward facing surface of the shell. A compressor lowers the pressure adjacent the thin film causing the liquid to boil. The compressor carries the vapor to the other side of those shells at a slightly higher temperature. There the vapor encounters the wall, which is cooler and its heat is transferred to boil the contaminated liquid. The vapor condenses, and rotation throws the condensate against the adjacent wall where it is collected. When condensing, the heat of condensation transfers to the shell for boiling the incoming contaminated liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2009
    Inventors: Jack Bitterly, Steven Bitterly
  • Patent number: 7520917
    Abstract: A microchannel device includes several mass transfer microchannels to receive a fluid media for processing at least one heat transfer microchannel in fluid communication with a heat transfer fluid defined by a thermally conductive wall, and at several thermally conductive fins each connected to the wall and extending therefrom to separate the mass transfer microchannels from one another. In one form, the device may optionally include another heat transfer microchannel and corresponding wall that is positioned opposite the first wall and has the fins and the mass transfer microchannels extending therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2009
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Ward E. TeGrotenhuis, Robert S. Wegeng, Greg A. Whyatt, David L. King, Kriston P. Brooks, Victoria S. Stenkamp
  • Publication number: 20090032389
    Abstract: The invention relates to a semibatchwise process for the mild distillative separation of mixtures, in a first stage a column being supplied continuously with a feed and the feed being separated at least into different fractions, one of the fractions being removed continuously into a container, and, in a second step, the fraction removed into the container being recycled to the column and being separated again batchwise into different fractions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2008
    Publication date: February 5, 2009
    Applicant: LANXESS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH
    Inventors: Ludwig Deibele, Dieter Heinz, Jan Thomas Leu, Johannes-Peter Schafer, Kai Fahrenkamp, Wolfgang Scheinert, Thomas Schilling, Paul Wagner
  • Patent number: 7431804
    Abstract: A process is proposed for the distillation or reactive distillation of a mixture that includes at least one toxic component, the process being carried out in a column containing a structured packing, having at least one packing layer (1) having a lower end (2) and an upper end (3), the packing layer having an internal geometry varying over its height, in such a manner that in the distillation or reactive distillation, in a first, lower region (6) of the packing layer (1) a bubbling layer having a predominantly disperse gas phase can be established and simultaneously in a second, upper region (7) of the packing layer (1) a film flow having a predominantly continuous gas phase can be established.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2008
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Eckhard Ströfer, Gerd Kaibel, Achim Stammer, Carsten Oost, Martin Sohn, Manfred Stroezel, Walter Dobler
  • Patent number: 7316781
    Abstract: Pseudo-distillation, steady-state method for purifying dry cleaning solvents containing laundry soils and other contaminants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2008
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Arseni Valerevich Radomyselski, Mark Robert Sivik, Victor Manuel Arredondo, William Michael Scheper, John Christian Haught
  • Patent number: 7211193
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for efficiently obtaining BHET of high purity from an EG (ethylene glycol) solution containing crude BHET (bis(2-hydroxyethyl)terephthalate), especially a decomposition product solution obtained by decomposing a polyester containing PET (polyethylene terephthalate) as a main component, by use of EG, while minimizing by-production of impurity components such as DEG (diethylene glycol), DEG ester and oligomers. The decomposition product solution is subjected to crystallization and solid-liquid separation under specific temperature conditions. Further, in accordance with the invention, a method of purifying BHET is taught which comprises evaporation steps of evaporating low-boiling-point components from the decomposition product solution under specific conditions so as to obtain a melt solution and a molecular distillation step of distilling the obtained melt solution under specific conditions so as to obtain a specific fraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2007
    Assignee: Pet Rebirth Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shuji Inada, Kikuchi Sato