Abstract: A maskless exposure system for selectively exposing a photosensitive work surface, such as a photoresist layer, includes a semiconductor substrate having an elongated aperture. A series of shutters and associated guides are formed upon the substrate using conventional wafer processing methods. The shutters move between a first position covering the aperture and a second position exposing the aperture. A corresponding series of computer-controlled actuators, in the form of electromagnetic coils, cooperate with the shutters for selectively sliding each shutter between its first and second positions. A light beam is directed toward the aperture, and the shutters create a patterned light beam exiting the aperture. A computer-controlled stepper is synchronized with the shutter actuators and adjusts the relationship between the patterned light beam and the photosensitive work surface to direct the patterned light beam at different portions of the work material.
Abstract: A folded building, after having been trailered on its own wheel assemblies to a site, is unfolded at the site by first reorienting 90° the wheel assemblies attached to each of a pair of side walls and removing an attached trailer hitch. The side walls are drawn apart from one another while having supported by the rolling wheel assemblies. As the side walls are drawn apart, pivotally attached front and rear bifold walls unfold. Each of a pair of foldable roofs attached to a respective one of the side walls is unfolded from a location adjacent the interior of the respective side wall. Roof end caps are attached to the top edges of each of the front and rear walls. After raising the wheel assemblies the building is lowered onto the site. To remove the building from the site, the building is folded by reversing the unfolding steps and the trailer hitch is attached. The building may then be trailered to another site.
Abstract: A vent assembly for mounting in a passageway extending through an exterior wall to provide ventilation to the space bounded by the exterior wall includes an apertured panel exteriorly juxtaposed with a security grate to prevent unauthorized intrusion through the exterior wall. Carriage bolts extend through the apertured panel and security grate into engagement with an anchoring element, such as brackets disposed in the passageway. In addition or in the alternative screws penetrably engaging the security grate may be attached directly to the exterior wall laterally of the passageway. The smooth surfaced head of the carriage bolts, coupled with the square cross-section of the shank adjacent the head mating with square apertures in the apertured panel and in the security grate prevent turning of the carriage bolts from a location external to the exterior wall. For further security, the louvered vent may be configured to overlap and shield the heads of the screws, if used.
Abstract: A masonry retaining wall is constructed using a footer placed at or beneath a lower grade level with vertically extending post-tensioning rods extending therefrom. The post-tensioning rods are provided with upset ends and flange members close to a right angle bend to provide appropriate anchoring in the footer and to increase the pull out strength of the rod. A plurality of courses of masonry block are positioned on the footer with the vertically extending post-tensioning rods threaded through voids in the block. Flange members are positioned on the ends of the respective post-tensioning rods and nuts are used on the threaded ends thereof to apply a predetermined tensioning force to each of the post-tensioning rods.
Abstract: The rifling in a barrel of a firearm is modified in proximity to the muzzle to reduce the radial difference between the land diameter and the groove diameter to urge a bullet to expand fully into the grooves and ensure rotation of the bullet about its longitudinal axis and without any lateral velocity component. Preferably, the land diameter is increased to a diameter somewhat less than the groove diameter but in the alternative the groove diameter may be reduced to a diameter somewhat more than the land diameter.
Abstract: A leak detector includes an off-center mounted metering pin cooperating with a single cross-hole in a poppet valve to accommodate adjustment of the flow rate past the metering pin by rotating the poppet valve about its longitudinal axis. A flow director, cooperating with the poppet valve, directs all flow into the leak detector directly into the line during initial flow into the leak detector. A piston, responsive to line pressure, is sized smaller in diameter than the poppet valve to cause the line pressure to increase rapidly and significantly during the leak sense mode and which size permits reduction in size and weight of the leak detector.
Abstract: Probe testing of an integrated circuit so as to achieve low probe needle contact resistance without probe needles “scrubbing” against bonding pads is achieved at high test signal frequencies by a probe needle assembly (14) including a plurality of probe needles (13) each having a shank portion (13A), a curved flex portion (13B), and a contact tip (13C) on a free end of the flex portion, the shank portion (13A) being electrically coupled to an electrical test system. The shank portion (13A) of each probe needle is attached to a surface (16A) of an insulative layer (16). The insulative layer is supported on a ground plane conductor 25. The flex portions (13B) of the probe needles (13) extend beyond an edge of the insulative layer. A portion (24) of the ground plane conductor (25) extends beyond the insulator (16) and is adjacent to all but an extending tip portion (30) of the flex portion (13B) of each probe needle (13).
December 21, 1999
Date of Patent:
July 30, 2002
Son N. Dang, Gerald W. Back, H. Dan Higgins, Scott R. Williams
Abstract: New or growing skin lesions are identified by providing digital baseline image data of an area of a subject's skin, and storing the baseline image data. An imaging system is operated to produce up-to-date digital image data of the skin area directly from the subject or from a photograph thereof as a real time input to a computer. The stored baseline image data also is provided to the computer. The up-to-date image data and baseline image data are alternately displayed on a monitor in a blinking mode. The orientation, focus, and/or distance of the camera from the actual area or photograph thereof so as to frame, scale, and/or align features of the alternately displayed images. A frame of the aligned up-to-date image is digitized and stored. The stored up-to-date image data and the baseline image data are alternately displayed on a monitor in a blinking mode to visually identify lesions which blink enough to identify a new or significantly growing lesion.
Abstract: An assemblage of members held in a sleeve form a series of plenums which each have a reaction wall surface against which propulsion gasses generate anti recoil forces. Vents from the plenums direct propulsion gasses upwardly and outwardly to further counter recoil forces.
Abstract: A scalpel particularly useful in dental restoration has a flattened handle of ovoidal shape having a cusp blade mounted at one end thereof. The blade is preferably positioned on the handle so that it extends away from the handle at acute angles to an imaginary horizontal plane, an imaginary longitudinal vertical plane and an imaginary transverse vertical plane.
Abstract: An apparatus for contemporaneously treating a sequence of treatment sites in an internal organ and creating a viewable map of the treated sites includes a first catheter having a proximal end and a distal end for insertion through a body passage to tissue needing treatment. A needle assembly is attached to the distal end of the first catheter to permit injection of fluid into treatments sites of the tissue. A fluid injection assembly is connected to the proximal end of the first catheter and containing predetermined amounts of radiographic contrast agent and treatment agent for injection into the various treatment sites. A radiographic visualizing apparatus is aimed at the treatment sites, including a display screen for displaying the extent of migration of radiographic contrast agent around each treatment site after injection, so that a radiographic marking appears on the display screen for a predetermined amount of time after each injection, showing which treatment sites have been treated.
Abstract: Lower region of a cylindrical nozzle stem is longitudinally slotted to provide flexible tines and the tines have outwardly projecting lands at their distal ends. The flexibility of the tines permits the nozzle stem to be force filled into and through a ribbed region of a surrounding retainer. Further, the flexible tines permit a cylindrical metal weight, and a weight cover to be slipped over the lower end of the nozzle stem to be held in place by the lands on the tines. No separate fasteners nor adhesives are required to hold the assembly together.
Abstract: A VOC removal or destruction system incorporates a regenerator/reactivator having a cylindrical ceramic tube for receiving contaminated adsorbent activated carbon. Electrodes are provided in the ceramic tube in contact with the activated carbon and a programmable logic controller is connected to control the voltage applied to the electrodes and the current flowing through the activated carbon within the tube. The temperature of the material in the tube is controlled by the programmable controller to maintain a temperature within one of two temperature ranges for regenerating the activated carbon and for reactivating the activated carbon. An inert gas is supplied through the tube in contact with the contaminated adsorbent material; the effluent gas including the stripped VOC's is supplied to an oxidizer for destruction. The oxidizer includes a stoichiometric burner providing combustion products for oxidizing the gaseous adsorbate and for providing carrier gas to the regenerator/reactivator.
Abstract: A polarimeter adapted for measurement of the concentration of glucose in a sample includes a laser beam passing through a first polarizer and an optical modulator and split into a measurement beam passing through a FIRST ANALYZER to a first detector coupled to a first amplifier and a reference beam passing through a SECOND ANALYZER to a second detector coupled to a second amplifier. Identical multiple filtering and summing operations are performed on outputs of the first and second amplifiers to produce a first &PSgr;2/2 signal and a first 2&bgr;&PSgr; signal in response to the measurement beam and a second &PSgr;2/2 signal and a second 2&bgr;&PSgr; signal in response to the reference beam. The measurement beam is stabilized by comparing the second &PSgr;2/2 signal to a first reference signal to produce a first error signal and comparing the second 2&bgr;&PSgr; signal to a second reference signal to produce a second error signal.
Abstract: The upper nozzle portion of a pop-up nozzle stem has a removable cap thereon. Caps having different size openings therein can be substituted to alter the performance characteristics of the water delivery system.
Abstract: A crash valve is located in a liquid tight dispenser pan at a gasoline service station to close a conduit conveying gasoline to a gasoline dispensing unit to prevent uncontrolled flow of gasoline in the event a vehicle crashes into the dispensing unit. The dispenser pan collects any leaking gasoline or inflow of water; the presence of gasoline is an obvious safety hazard and the accumulating water may cause electrical or mechanical malfunction of the crash valve. An actuator, responsive to the presence of either water or gasoline in the dispenser pan, includes a weighted ball secured to a trip arm of the crash valve by a lanyard. The actuator will respond to the presence of gasoline or water by dislodging the ball and cause the ball to drop. The weight of the falling ball, translated through the lanyard, will cause the trip arm to close the crash valve and prevent further flow of gasoline therethrough and preclude the dispensing unit from pumping gasoline until the trip arm is reset.
Abstract: A laser aiming light for firearms includes interchangeable switches for selectively limiting the laser output to an eye safe level for training purposes and for providing full power for operational use in a combat zone. A capability for using a remote switch is provided. As the output of the laser diode and associated components are temperature sensitive, temperature compensating circuitry ensures adequate power at high, as well as at low, ambient temperatures. Power is provided by enclosed conventional batteries retained by a sealed cap maintained in place by a pivotally mounted retainer and locking mechanism.
Abstract: The base of a fluid distribution valve is configured to allow a cluster of outlet pipe sockets to extend beyond the outer diameter of the base of the valve to accommodate larger diameter pipes.
Abstract: A launch assist system for supplementing the launch acceleration forces of a projectile, rocket or missile. An airtight chamber covered by a flexible elastic membrane supports a platform in the center of the membrane; the platform is electromagnetically coupled to a cocking mechanism that withdraws the platform into the chamber. Air within the chamber is removed and compressed to be stored in a holding tank as the platform is lowered into the chamber and as the flexible elastic membrane extends into the chamber. The electromagnetic coupling may be triggered to release the platform to permit the stored energy in the extended flexible elastic membrane, and in supplemental force members, to apply acceleration forces to a launch vehicle; the compressed air stored in the tank is simultaneously released to fill the chamber as the flexible elastic membrane is withdrawn.