Patents Represented by Attorney E. Eugene Innis
  • Patent number: 4704147
    Abstract: In a process for the production of an oxygen-enriched air product, feed air is fed to the main heat exchangers at two pressures. The high pressure feed air from the main exchanger is partially condensed to vaporize the oxygen-enriched air product. This partially condensed feed air is separated with the vapor phase being warmed and expanded to supply refrigeration and subsequently being fed to the low pressure fractionation section, and the liquid phase being used to reflux both the high pressure and low pressure fractionation sections of a double distillation column. The low pressure feed air from the main heat exchangers is fed to the high pressure fractionation section. The high pressure fractionation section condenser is used to provide reboiler duty to the low pressure fractionation section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventor: William T. Kleinberg
  • Patent number: 4704148
    Abstract: In a process, utilizing high and low pressure distillation columns, for the separation of air to produce low purity oxygen and waste nitrogen streams, feed air from the cold end of the main heat exchangers is used to reboil a low pressure distillation column and to vaporize the low purity oxygen product. This heat duty for column reboil and product vaporization is supplied by splitting the air feed into at least three substreams. One of the substreams is totally condensed and used to provide reflux to both the low pressure and high pressure distillation column, preferably the substream which is fed to the oxygen vaporizer, while a second substream is partially condensed with the vapor portion of the partially condensed substream being fed to the bottom of the high pressure distillation column and the liquid portion providing reflux to the low pressure column. The third substream is expanded to recover refrigeration and then introduced to the low pressure column as column feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventor: William T. Kleinberg
  • Patent number: 4702757
    Abstract: In a process utilizing high and low pressure distillation columns for the production of an oxygen-enriched air product, feed air is fed to the main heat exchangers at two pressures. The high pressure feed air from the main exchanger used to supply refrigeration, by expanding a portion of the high pressure air prior to introducing that portion into an intermediate location in the low pressure column, and to vaporize the oxygen-enriched air product prior to using the stream as reflux for the high pressure column. The low pressure feed air from the main heat exchangers is partially condensed to supply reboiler duty to a low pressure column and is then fed to a high pressure column. The high pressure column condenser is used to reboil an intermediate liquid in the low pressure column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventor: William T. Kleinberg
  • Patent number: 4702749
    Abstract: A mild oxidizing acid wash of activated carbon in the presence of an oxidation catalyst produces an adsorbent, with a large carboxyl IR spectra peak, having a favorable water adsorption isotherm that can be used for both pressure swing adsorption, PSA, or thermal swing adsorption, TSA, drying of gases. The oxidation catalyst is a metal salt wherein the metal is selected from the group consisting of copper, chromium and nickel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Shivaji Sircar, Timothy C. Golden
  • Patent number: 4700771
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process and apparatus for boiling flowing liquids such as liquefied gases in a heat exchanger in which a circulating flow is occurring, such as in reboiler-condensers in air separation and similar cryogenic plants or other applications where a high efficiency for boiling heat transfer is beneficial. The important feature of the process and apparatus is the use of two sequential heat transfer zones having different pressure drop and heat transfer characteristics in the same boiling channel, the first zone having an overall high-convective-heat-transfer characteristic and an overall higher pressure drop characteristic and comprising a plurality of sub-zones, each sub-zone sequentially having a lower pressure drop than the previous sub-zone and the second zone having a lower pressure drop and an enhanced nucleate boiling heat transfer characteristic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Douglas L. Bennett, Keith A. Ludwig, Alexander Schwarz
  • Patent number: 4697791
    Abstract: Exothermic cutting is facilitated by using an electrode fabricated from a single elongated strip of metal roll formed into a generally cylindrical elongated electrode shape. Electrodes can be continuously formed to length by randomly coining the strip before roll forming to facilitate breaking of individual electrodes from the roll formed product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1987
    Assignee: Arcair Company
    Inventors: Harold R. Henderson, David Mosinski
  • Patent number: 4698244
    Abstract: The invention relates to an method of producing a titanium aluminide coating on a substrate by producing a flow of hydrogen and gaseous aluminum monochloride over a titanium surface to react to form a gaseous flow of titanium trichloride and aluminum monochloride and contacting the substrate with the flow of titanium trichloride and aluminum monochloride at a temperature of 800.degree. to 1200.degree. C., said substrate being a temperature below the temperature of the gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert E. Benander, Robert A. Holzl
  • Patent number: 4697635
    Abstract: A counter flow heat exchanger comprising a plurality of tubes disposed in a bundle array or tube within tube configuration to enhance heat transfer between high and low pressure tubes in the array or tube in tube configuration. Also disclosed are a method of increasing the heat transfer capacity of a tube bundle heat exchanger and a liquid helium temperature refrigerator or a reliquefier utilizing the heat exchanger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1987
    Assignee: APD Cryogenics Inc.
    Inventors: Ralph C. Longsworth, William A. Steyert
  • Patent number: 4696806
    Abstract: The present invention is a process for recovering hydrogen from a hydrogen-containing feed stream using a metal hydride adsorption cycle. The adsorption cycle utilizes at least six separate metal hydride adsorption beds, and has been expanded over conventional adsorption cycles to include several additional process steps. Each of the separate beds successively undergoes adsorption, first equalization, rinse or second equalization, desorption, repressurization with rinse effluent, repressurization with equalization effluent and final repressurization with feed gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Janice C. Peterson, Stephen P. DiMartino
  • Patent number: 4695369
    Abstract: A process for converting heavy petroleum feedstocks to distillate products with reduced metals and asphaltene content by reaction with hydrogen in the presence of at least two metal catalysts, one a known hydrogenation catalyst and the other either zinc, iron or copper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Diwakar Garg, Edwin N. Givens, Frank K. Schweighardt
  • Patent number: 4694056
    Abstract: This invention relates to an improved pressure sensitive adhesive comprising a polymer system which has excellent tack, peel and shear adhesion strengths. The improvement resides in the polymer, with the polymer system being formed by emulsion polymerizing an unsaturated ester, an unsaturated carboxylic acid and a polyfunctional monomer in the presence of a stabilizer system comprising an ethoxylated acetylenic tertiary glycol and polyvinyl alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 1982
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventor: William E. Lenney
  • Patent number: 4693837
    Abstract: This invention relates to the use of tertiary butyl derivatives of toluenediamine and specifically 5-tert-butyl-2,4-toluenediamine as an antioxidant material for preventing oxidation of organic materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Dale D. Dixon, William F. Burgoyne
  • Patent number: 4692470
    Abstract: In order to overcome the problems encountered in attempting to mix finely divided organic polymer materials into viscous polyol because of accompanying air entrainment, the polymer material is pretreated with a volatile liquid halocarbon or liquid hydrocarbon in an amount at least sufficient to wet the surfaces of the polymer particles. The halocarbon or hydrocarbon is one preferably otherwise employed as a blowing agent for the preparation of foamed resin polymers such as a polyurethane; particularly methylene chloride or a fluorocarbon (e.g. monofluorotrichloromethane). In accordance with an alternative embodiment the volatile treating liquid may be first mixed with the viscous polyol before addition of the ground material therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Bernard D. Bauman, Patricia E. Burdick
  • Patent number: 4690215
    Abstract: Enhanced oil recovery from a crude oil reservoir is promoted following primary oil production, by subjecting the reservoir to water flooding, discontinuing the water flooding, preferably when the remaining oil is at an OIP level above 0.10, and then subjecting the reservoir to fireflooding with gas having an O.sub.2 content of at least 50%, preferably above 85%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: George W. Roberts, James G. Hansel, Goutam H. Shahani
  • Patent number: 4691026
    Abstract: A compound represented by the following formula: ##STR1## wherein R is a C.sub.3 -C.sub.24 olefinically unsaturated organic radical having functionality which renders the nitrogen atom electron deficient, the olefinic unsaturation functionality being polymerizable,R.sup.1 is hydrogen or a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl radical, orR and R.sup.1 together with the nitrogen atom can form an olefinically unsaturated 5 to 7-member ring which has functionality that renders the nitrogen atom electron deficient and the olefinic unsaturation functionality is polymerizable,R.sup.2 and R.sup.3 are hydrogen, a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl or acyl radical, orR.sup.2 and R.sup.3 together are a C.sub.2 -C.sub.4 alkylene group,R.sup.4 is hydrogen or a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl, acyl, ester, amide or acid group, andn is an integer from 1 to 10, provided n is not 1 when R is (meth)acryloyl, R.sup.2 and R.sup.3 are methyl and R.sup.1 and R.sup.4 are hydrogen.Under acidic conditions the above compounds having R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1985
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert K. Pinschmidt, Jr., Dale D. Dixon, William F. Burgoyne, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4690696
    Abstract: The gaseous effluent from oxidation of organic material with oxygen-rich gas, which effluent contains CO.sub.2 (and possible CO) and unreacted residual oxygen, is compressed and charged to a PSA system for selective removal of the CO.sub.x, the thus purified oxygen-rich product from the PSA system being recycled to the oxidation reaction. In the PSA system comprised of a plurality of adsorption columns operated in parallel, each column in turn undergoes the steps of: (1) selective adsorption of CO.sub.2 from the feed gas; (2) depressuring to near ambient level; (3) purging with air to remove sorbed CO.sub.2 ; and (4) repressuring with part of the recycled effluent from step (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1985
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Shivaji Sircar, William R. Koch
  • Patent number: 4685939
    Abstract: A pressure swing adsorption process is provided for the direct production from ambient air of a moderately enriched oxygen product gas. The production of a product gas having an oxygen concentration of 23 to 30% is effected by a three step cycle wherein (1) the feed air is charged to a bed of nitrogen selective adsorbent until the bed is brought from atmospheric pressure to a pressure in the range of up to 10 atmospheres, (2) reducing the bed pressure to an intermediate level by withdrawal of oxygen enriched product gas therefrom and (3) finally venting the bed to restore atmospheric pressure. By an alternative mode including a fourth step of purging the bed following the venting step, a product of 23 to 45% oxygen concentration is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1985
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1987
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Wilbur C. Kratz, Shivaji Sircar
  • Patent number: D291300
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1987
    Assignee: Arcair Company
    Inventor: David B. Chaney
  • Patent number: D292262
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1987
    Assignee: Arcair Company
    Inventor: David B. Chaney
  • Patent number: D293296
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1987
    Assignee: Arcair Company
    Inventor: David B. Chaney