Abstract: A cartridge case for a cased telescoped ammunition round 10. The cartridge case includes a hollow cylindrical casing 12 the axis 15 of which is also the axis of symmetry of round 10. The inner surface of casing 12 has a longitudinal groove 48 formed in it along which groove 48 casing 12 splits when round 10 is fired. A rear seal 16 closes the rear end of casing 12 and a front seal 18 closes the front end of casing 12. A hollow cylindrical control tube 20 which includes a control portion 22 and a sleeve portion 24 is secured to seals 16, 18 so that control tube 20 is symmetric with axis 15. A spring 26 interconnects control portion 22 and sleeve portion 24 of control tube 20 and applys a force substantially parallel to axis 14 to seals 16, 18 to move seals 16, 18 toward each other to minimize the distance between seals 16, 18 after the round is fired and to confine the casing between seals 16, 18.
Abstract: A cartridge case 64 for a cased telescoped ammunition round 10. Cartridge case 64 includes a casing 12 having inwardly tapering conical end portions 14, 16 and end seals 20, 22 which undergo elastic deformation when round 10 is fired from a gun. A plurality of spring fingers 62 are formed on portions 14, 16. Conical portions 14, 16 fit into seals 20, 22. Casing 12 is secured to seals 20, 22 by the tips 66 of spring fingers 62 fitting into catch grooves 56, 56' of seals 20, 22. A control tube 24 is secured to rear seal 20 and a primer 30 is mounted in control tube 24. Projectile 26 is mounted within round 10 with its piston 28 located within control tube 24. Main propellant charge 36 is positioned around control tube 24 and round 26. A booster charge 32 is positioned with control tube 24. Axial growth of casing 12 compresses spring fingers 62 retract end seals 20, 22 after firing. Radial expansion of cartridge case 64 is accommodated by elastic deformation of the casing.
Abstract: A cartridge case 68 for a cased telescoped ammunition round 10. Cartridge case 68 includes a spirally wrapped hollow cylindrical casing 12 fabricated from a thin sheet of spring tempered high carbon steel which partially unwinds at the time round 10 is fired from a gun, a rear seal 16, and a front seal 18. A control tube 20 is secured to rear seal 16 and a primer 26 is mounted in communication with the interior of control tube 20. Casing 12 has an axis of symmetry 14 which is also the axis of symmetry of round 10, and control tube 20. Seals 16, 18 each have side walls 42, 42' in which crimp grooves 50, 50' are formed. Each crimp groove includes a cam surface 52, 52. Rear and front portions 62, 64 of casing 12 are crimped into grooves 50, 50'. A projectile 22 provided with a booster piston 24 is mounted within round 10 with piston 24 being located within control tube 20.
Abstract: A cartridge case 68 for a cased telescoped ammunition round 10. Cartridge case 68 includes a hollow cylindrical casing 12 fabricated from a material which undergoes elastic deformation when round 10 is fired from a gun, a rear seal 20 and a front seal 22. A control tube is secured to rear seal 20 and a primer is mounted to be in communication with the interior of control tube 24. Casing 12 has an axis of symmetry 18 which is also the axis of symmetry of round 10, and control tube 24. Seals 20, 22 each have side walls 48, 48' in which crimp grooves 56, 56' are formed. Each crimp groove includes a cam surface 58, 58'. Rear and front portions 14, 16 of casing 12 are crimped into grooves 58, 58'. A projectile 26 provided with a booster piston 28 is mounted within round 10 with piston 28 being located within control tube 24. The main propellant charge 38 is positioned around control tube 24 and round 26, and a booster charge is positioned with control tube 24.
Abstract: A cased telescoped ammunition round 10 for a fin stabilized penetrator 32. A full caliber control tube 24 is positioned within casing 12, its forward end 28 being secured to front seal 22. The side walls 87 of control tube 24 are tapered, increasing in thickness from the free standing aft end 26 of control tube 24 to its forward end 28. Penetrator 32 and sabot 36 are positioned within control tube 24 with obturator band 46 and retaining groove 36 of aft bourrelet 36 positioned within control tube 24. Retaining groove 52 at the aft end of control tube 24 with split ring 50 and retaining groove 48 of aft bourrelet 36 retain sabot 34 and penetrator 32 within control tube 24 until round 10 is fired. Tapered side walls 87 minimize the volume of control tube 24 while assuring that side walls 87 are strong enough to withstand forces acting on control tube 24 forward of obturator band 46 when round 10 is fired.
Abstract: A cartridge case 76 for a cased telescoped ammunition round 10. Cartridge case 76 includes a hollow cylindrical outer casing 12 the axis 18 of which is also the axis of symmetry of round 10. The inner surface of outer casing 12 has a longitudinal groove 50 formed in it along which groove 48 outer casing 12 splits when round 10 is fired. A front seal 20 closes the front end of casing 12 and a rear seal 22 closes the rear end of casing 12. A hollow cylindrical control tube 24 is secured to rear seal 22 so that control tube 24 is symmetric with axis 18. Three bolts 52, 53, 54 which are made of a material having a yield strength greater than the maximum stress to which the bolts 52, 53, 54 are subjected when round 10 is fired interconnect front and rear seals 20, 22.
Abstract: An adjustable stand for holding a firearm includes a front clamp for holding the barrel of a firearm, a first rear clamp for holding the stock of the firearm if the firearm is a rifle or shotgun, and a second rear clamp, located between the front clamp and the first rear clamp, for holding the grip of the firearm if the firearm is a pistol. The front clamp and the first rear clamp each include a pair of jaws pivotally joined to one another. A number of pairs of aligned notches are formed in the inner surfaces of the jaws for accommodating firearms of different sizes and types. The second rear clamp includes a base member having a substantially flat bottom surface for supporting the stand, and a top surface provided with an indentation for receiving the grip of a pistol. A retaining arm is movably secured to the base member for clamping the grip into the indentation.
November 6, 1989
Date of Patent:
November 20, 1990
Henry F. Reinfried, Jr., Samuel W. Bradford
Abstract: A hydro-rotary vascular catheter for insertion in a body vessel comprises a tubular outer shell having a fluid-directing head rotatably mounted at its distal end. A plurality of outlet passages are formed about the circumference of the fluid-directing head, including a row of primary outlet passages formed near the base of the fluid-directing head and a row of secondary outlet passages formed forwardly of the primary outlet passages. The primary outlet passages are inclined radially and tangentially with respect to the shell to impart a tangential component of velocity to fluid exiting through the primary openings, while the secondary outlet openings are inclined axially in order to eject fluid in a primarily forward direction. A protective shield surrounds the primary openings to prevent the radially ejected fluid from rupturing the walls of the vessel, and to increase the turbulence of the exiting fluid.
Abstract: A one way valve includes a valve housing. A valve compartment is located with the valve housing. An inlet and an outlet port are mounted in the valve housing to provide communication with the valve compartment. The inlet port has an inner cylindrical portion extending into the valve compartment. A cup shaped valve cap is movably mounted on the inner portion of the inlet port between two positions. One in which orifices in the inner portion of the inlet port are uncovered to open the valve, and a second position in which the free edge of the valve cap engages a seal mounted in the valve compartment and surrounding the inner portion of the inlet port to close the valve. When the valve is closed the inner portion of the inlet port is completely enclosed within the valve cap. Movement of the valve cap to open the valve is limited by the cap engaging a portion of the outlet port which projects into the valve compartment.
Abstract: A method of securing a tracer cup 26 and fin segments 32, 33 to armor piercing penetrator 21. The penetrator 21 is fabricated of tungsten, or steel, with fin segments 32, 33 and tracer cup 26 being fabricated of steel. The tracer cup 26 contains a pyrotechnic tracer mix 27. The mounting flange 28 of tracer cup 26 is placed over a second boss 24 projecting rearwardly from a first boss 23 at the aft end of the cylindrical body of penetrator 21. A cylindrical sleeve 30 is press fit over the tracer cup 26 and first boss 23, and pre-fabricated fin segments 32, 33 are positioned on the sleeve 30. The fin segments 32, 33, cylindrical sleeve 30, and mounting flange 28 of tracer cup 26 are laser welded to each other and to the first boss 23 of penetrator 20 in one step.
Abstract: A safety harness for restraining a pet in an automotive vehicle includes a fabric jacket having a closed bottom portion for covering the chest and forequarters of the pet, and an open top portion. Adjustable belts extend across the front and rear of the open top portion for securing the jacket on the animal's body. In addition, a pair of detachable and preferably adjustable straps extend diagonally across the animal's back from the sides of the fabric jacket to fasten elements located on the vehicle floor or other rigid structure.
Abstract: A thermally powered engine has a pair of power cylinders with each power cylinder defining a closed interior space. A power pistin is reciprocally mounted in the interior space of each power cylinder with each piston dividing the interior of its cylinder into upper and lower portions. A liquid piston interconnects the upper portions of the two power cylinders. First mechanically powered valves having two states control the flow of the working fluid of a heat transfer loop through the lower portions of each power cylinder. A second mechanically powered valve causes the first mechanically powered valve to change state so that movement of the power pistons in the pair of power cylinders is substantially 180.degree. out of phase.
Abstract: A thermally powered engine which obtains energy from a closed heat transfer loop. The engine has two power cylinders. A piston is reciprocally mounted within each cylinder and divides the interior space of each cylinder into two portions. A piston rod is affixed to each piston and extends through the upper closed end of each cylinder. A flexible diaphragm is mounted in the lower portion of each cylinder and with the lower closed end of the cylinder forms a power chamber. A fluid fills the upper portion of both cylinders. A passageway between the cylinders permits the fluid to act as a free piston causing the piston of the cylinder in its exhaust stroke to force refrigerant from its power chamber to the condenser of the heat transfer loop. Refrigerant from the evaporator of the transfer loop flowing into a power chamber forces the piston upward during the pistons power stroke. Valves regulate the flow of refrigerant into and out of the power chambers of each of the power cylinders.
Abstract: A radio direction finding system based on the doppler frequency shift principle is disclosed which utilizes a polygonal shaped antenna array and a conventional FM receiver. Voltages from each antenna are combined in an rf summing circuit which may be located remotely from the antenna. Audio output from the FM receiver is processed to measure the phase angle of the commutation frequency phase modulation imparted to the rf receiver input signal by gain variations within the rf summer circuit. Bearing angle proportional to the measured phase angle is displayed in a circular array of light emitting diodes and a three digit decimal display and is provided for recording or remote display through a serial interface.
Abstract: A thermally powered heat transfer system which sequentially displaces thermal energy from the highest temperature heat source through two or more high temperature heat transfer loops to a heat sink. The system includes two or more two chamber compressors, with the high temperature chamber of each compressor being included in a high temperature heat transfer loop, there being a high temperature heat transfer loop for each compressor. The low temperature chamber of each compressor is included in one or more low temperature heat transfer loops. The source of heat for the evaporator heat exchanger of each high temperature heat transfer loop except one being heat from the condenser heat exchanger of another high temperature loop. The heat exchangers for the low temperature heat transfer loops being interchangeable depending on the mode of operation at any given time.
Abstract: A thermally powered heat transfer system consisting of two closed heat transfer loops which share a compressor which is powered alternately by the refrigerants of the two loops. This system is powered by a single heat source with a portion of the heat from that heat source being transferred at a higher temperature to a structure to be heated, the balance being transferred to a low temperature external heat sink. The first loop includes an evaporator and the condenser within the structure to be heated, and is charged with a first refrigerant. The second loop includes an evaporator and a condenser located so as to transfer heat to an external heat sink. The second loop is charged with a refrigerant having a lower boiling point than the refrigerant in the first loop.
Abstract: A central processor for a general-purpose digital data processing system. The processor has a pair of caches, an operand cache for operands and an instruction cache for instructions, as well as a plurality of execution units, where each execution unit executes a different set of instructions of the instruction repertoire of the central processor. An instruction fetch unit fetches instructions from the instruction cache and stores them in an instruction stack. The central pipeline unit which has five stages obtains instructions of a given program in program order from the instruction stack of the instruction fetch unit.
Abstract: An integrated circuit package in which integrated circuit (I.C.) chips having flexible beam leads, the inner lead bond sites of which are bonded to input/output (I/O) terminals on the active faces of the chips, are mounted active face down on a surface of a substrate. The surface of the substrate is provided with chip sites and outer lead (OL) pads associated with each chip site. A preform of a fiber glass web coated with a thermosetting plastic is positioned on each chip site between a chip site and the active face of the I.C. chip. The plastic material of the preforms encapsulates the active faces of the chips, including a portion of each of the leads proximate a chip, and secures each chip to its chip site. The outer lead bond sites of the leads are bonded to OL pads of the substrate with the exposed portions of the leads between the OL pads and the encapsulated portion being bent away from the substrate and under compression.