Patents Represented by Attorney Francis W. Young
  • Patent number: 4675118
    Abstract: A novel compound comprising a quaternary ammonium salt having the formula: ##STR1## wherein R- is an aliphatic hydrocarbon radical having a carbon chain length of from about 6 to about 18, and X.sup..crclbar. is Cl.sup..crclbar., I.sup..crclbar., Br.sup..crclbar., or OSO.sub.3 CH.sub.3.sup..crclbar.. The compound is soluble in water and/or isopropyl alcohol to form a true solution, which is clear and colorless at 70.degree. F. and which has particular utility as a fabric softening composition. The compound remains as a solution in water even at composition/water weight ratios of 75:25.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1987
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventors: Keith D. Stanley, Kenneth B. White
  • Patent number: 4666763
    Abstract: There is provided a fiber batt made from a plurality of entangled synthetic fibers arranged in a random fashion, forming a nonwoven structure. Each fiber contains a plurality of substantially spherically shaped void spaces. The batts may be made by an extrusion/blowing technique. It has been found that the batts are particularly useful as thermal insulators, as oil and water separators, and in controlled release applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1984
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1987
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventors: Charles L. King, Nicholas J. Mussro, Jr., Dennis W. Roberts
  • Patent number: 4652396
    Abstract: There is disclosed a method for increasing the electrical conductivity of a porous synthetic polymeric material. The method comprises depositing an effective amount of a polyacetylene polymerization catalyst throughout the porous structure, subsequently exposing said material to acetylene under polymerization conditions, for a time sufficient to form polyacetylene within the porous structure, and finally doping the resultant product with a conductivity modifying amount of either an electron donor dopant or an electron acceptor dopant.There is also disclosed an improved electrodialysis process wherein an electrolyte solution is placed between opposite faces of two membranes, the first membrane being an anion exchange membrane and the second membrane being a cation exchange membrane, while being subjected to a primary electric field causing the cations in the electrolyte to pass through the cation exchange membrane and the anions to pass through the anion exchange membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1983
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1987
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventor: Kenneth B. Wagener
  • Patent number: 4650587
    Abstract: A new and useful particulate magnesium phosphate product (MGP) and method of use therefor are disclosed for removing ammonia from aqueous solutions, e.g., recirculating dialysate solutions and intragastrointestinal fluids as may result from the hydrolysis of urea. This particulate magnesium phosphate product (MGP) acts as a remarkably effective scavenger wherein under equilibrium conditions only about six (6) grams of the novel product are required to bind the ammonia (more exactly, ammonium ions) liberated from one (1) gram of the urea, a result far superior to traditional zirconium phosphate (ZP) prior art materials which under ideal conditions require about 17-20 grams of ZP per gram of urea. The novel particulate magnesium phosphate product can be exploited in one embodiment as a replacement for the older ZP materials used to remove ammonia produced by enzymatic hydrolysis of urea in recirculating dialysis systems utilizing disposable cartridges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1982
    Date of Patent: March 17, 1987
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventors: Robert B. Polak, Craig R. Hof
  • Patent number: 4629742
    Abstract: A process for the hydrolysis of liquid fats comprising contacting the fats, in the presence of water at hydrolyzing conditions, with lipase immobilized by adsorption from aqueous solution without pretreatment or pretreatment with a polar solvent on a microporous structure comprising a synthetic hydrophobic thermoplastic polymer selected from the group consisting of aliphatic olefinic polymers, oxidation polymers, ionic polymers and blends thereof. Various embodiments of the invention include immobilized lipase itself and an embodiment that employs a vertical packed column of particles of the immobilized lipase through which the liquid fat and water feed streams may be passed cocurrent or countercurrent, one that employs a horizontally disposed diaphragm that includes a layer of fibers of the immobilized lipase and an embodiment that employs a stirred reactor wherein a suspension of particles of the immobilized lipase is maintained in the reaction medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1986
    Assignee: Akzo America Inc.
    Inventors: Catherine D. Brady, Lincoln D. Metcalfe, Dale R. Slaboszewski, Dieter Frank
  • Patent number: 4612688
    Abstract: Staple fibers made from crimped, in particular compression crimped, multicomponent filaments of the matrix/segment type, the cross section of which shows, in addition to the matrix, at least 6 peripheral wedge-shaped or lenticular segments, not completely covered by the matrix, are processed into a web, which is then mechanically bonded, preferably by needling. Subsequently, the fabric is subjected to a shrinkage process, by which its density is increased by more than 30%, themulticomponent fibers being completely or partly split up into their components. The difference in shrinkage between the components should be at least 10%. The liquids used for the shrinkage treatment are in particular organic liquids, such as methylene chloride, as well as other liquids producing a difference in shrinkage of at least 20%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1985
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1986
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventors: Klaus Gerlach, Nikolaus Mathes, Hans-Jurgen Pitowski, Friedbert Wechs
  • Patent number: 4603885
    Abstract: A pipe and sleeve telescoped joint with the pipe and sleeve in sealing engagement and keys embedded in both pipe and sleeve at their interface. The size and number of the keys are calculated from the size and strength of the pipe. The sleeve is sized and its strength selected from the strength of the pipe, and the sleeve ends are shaped to hold the joint circular when it is made. The apparatus includes means for holding the midportion of the sleeve circular when creating the joint, and for cooperating with the sleeve ends to keep them circular. The sealing engagement is created by firing a propellant into a substantially incompressible medium, like water, held by the apparatus in a cavity about the sleeve, and a piston separates the explosive propellant from the pressure medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1986
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventor: Lee A. Archer
  • Patent number: 4604307
    Abstract: Multilayer tubular container as a means of transport and storage for chemicals, beverages, food, etc. It is provided with a tubular casing of a particular inner cross-section, the casing being composed of a first layer of a both axially and radially oriented polyethylene terephthalate and having a thickness of 50-1000 .mu.m, and of a second layer which has been shrunk onto said first layer. The polyethylene terephthalate of the first layer is heat-set into the shape of said cross-section to a degree of crystallization of at least 25%. A film-like intermediate layer is compressed between the first and the second layers, e.g., to improve the gas barrier properties. The second layer is composed of a both axially and radially oriented polyethylene terephthalate having a thickness of 75-1000 .mu.m, and is heat-set to a degree of crystallization of at least 25% on the form of the intermediate layer. This container is dimensionally stable at high temperatures, particularly sterilization temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1986
    Assignee: Akzo N.V.
    Inventor: Harm R. Spreeuwers
  • Patent number: 4601937
    Abstract: A method of temporarily densifying a bulky non-woven matting or fabric for handling and storage is disclosed, wherein the non-woven is heated, preferably to a temperature above 100.degree. C. but below the softening temperature while in a compacted state, then immediately cooled in the compacted state. Means for reducing stiffness of the compacted matting are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1983
    Date of Patent: July 22, 1986
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventor: Eberhard Latussek
  • Patent number: 4579593
    Abstract: A rapid-set asphalt emulsion which comprises at least 60% residue, 30% water, 0.1% acid, and 0.15% of an emulsifier, the emulsifier comprising a hexahydropyrimidine of the general formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is an alkyl group having from 8 to 18 carbon atoms, and R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 may be the same or different, and are selected from the group including H-- or --(CH.sub.2).sub.x CH.sub.3, wherein x is an integer between 0 and 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 1, 1986
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventor: Keith D. Stanley
  • Patent number: 4575434
    Abstract: A process for the removal of impurities comprising amides from a solution comprising nitriles and the impurities. A reaction mixture is formed which includes the solution, a layered mineral comprising aluminum silicates having exchangeable alkaline or alkaline earth cations on the surfaces of the layers and an acid which has an acid strength sufficient to protonate the amides at amide protonation conditions, but in which the solubility of the salt of the acid and exchangeable cation at those conditions is such that the equilibrium of the protonation reaction is substantially in the direction of the amides remaining in a protonated form. The water content of the reaction mixture must be less than about 0.5 wt. % for substantially all of the reaction time. The reaction mixture is maintained for a sufficient time at the amide protonation conditions for protonation of the amides and exchange of the protonated amides and exchangeable cations to occur, the protonated amides adhering to the surfaces of the layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1986
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventors: Dieter Frank, Lincoln D. Metcalfe, John Y. G. Park
  • Patent number: 4569800
    Abstract: A novel composition of matter, the quaternary ammonium salt having the formula: ##STR1## wherein X.sup..crclbar. is Cl.sup..crclbar., I.sup..crclbar., Br.sup..crclbar., or OSO.sub.3 CH.sub.3.sup..crclbar., which forms a fabric softening compound that is soluble in water and/or isopropyl alcohol to form a true solution, wherein the compound is clear and colorless at 70.degree. F. The compound remains as a solution in water even at composition/water weight ratios of 75:25.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1983
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1986
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventors: Keith D. Stanley, Kenneth B. White
  • Patent number: 4558996
    Abstract: There is provided a peristaltic pump which has a base member and a rotor attached to the base member. The rotor is adapted to receive a resilient collapsible tube. The pump further includes a stator having a fixed member disposed in a permanent position relative to the rotor. A door stator is connected to the fixed stator, and the entire stator will confront the periphery of the rotor over at least uninterrupted 180.degree. concave surface. A latch is provided on the door stator, so that it may pivot outward for ease of removal of the tubing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 17, 1985
    Assignee: Organon Teknika Corporation
    Inventor: Harold D. Becker
  • Patent number: 4554121
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for forming composite yarns comprising an elastic filament and at least one relatively inelastic filament, which process comprises entangling a latent-contractable elastomer producing polymer filament with a relatively inelastic filament while the latent-contractable filament is relatively unelongated (less than tension maintained 100% elongation) or preferably substantially unelongated (merely taut) to produce a composite yarn which can be formed into a yarn package with minimum stored energy compared to conventional elastomeric yarn packages and which yarn can be processed (e.g., knitted or woven) into goods on equipment normally employed for non-elastic fiber processing; and yet which composite yarn upon actuation of the latent contraction within the polymeric filament provides a composite yarn which is elastic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1983
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1985
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventor: Aloysius A. J. Kramers
  • Patent number: 4552603
    Abstract: Novel heat bondable bicomponent fibers useful in the production of nonwoven fabrics, as well as methods for the production of such fibers, are disclosed. The fibers comprise a latently adhesive component for forming interfilamentary bonds upon the application of heat and subsequent cooling, and another component, and are characterized by the fact that upon the application of heat sufficient to melt the latently adhesive component and subsequent cooling, a substantial shrinkage force appears in said other component only after resolidification of said latently adhesive component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1985
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventors: Robert D. Harris, Jr., James P. Parker, Charles L. King
  • Patent number: 4548810
    Abstract: Compositions obtained by reacting a tertiary amine having at least one long-chain group with a long-chain acid are disclosed. The compositions are useful in non-irritating skin or hair-contacting compositions, such as shaving creams, hair conditioners, skin conditioners, and aftershave. The compositions are also useful in non-irritating soap and dishwashing compositions. The compositions provide a combination of properties such as long-lasting slip, lubrication, emolliency, softening, and conditioning.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1981
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1985
    Inventor: Albert Zofchak
  • Patent number: 4545949
    Abstract: Polyester fibers containing an oxalate complex of the general formulaMe.sub.n [Z(C.sub.2 O.sub.4).sub.m ]are obtained by transesterification of terephthalic acid with ethylene glycol where, in addition to conventional transesterification catalysts, such as bivalent zinc, calcium, magnesium and manganese salts, salt formers are added which form a sparingly soluble salt or a complex with the cation of the transesterification catalyst. Preferably, used salt formers are: pelargonic acid, potassium hydrogen sulfate, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, potassium hydrogen phthalate, potassium oxalate, potassium carbonate, potassium hydrogen oxalate, and oxalic acid. In this way, the increase in pressure before the spinneret is considerably slowed down.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1985
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventor: Wolfgang Lange
  • Patent number: 4544506
    Abstract: Quaternary ammonium compounds having the general formula: ##STR1## wherein m is either 0, 1, 2, or 3; each R.sub.5 may be the same or different and are selected from the groups including straight- or branched-chain alkyl or alkenyl radicals having from 1 to 30 carbon atoms, inclusive, or a phenyl or benzyl radical; R.sub.2 is H-, a C.sub.1 to C.sub.10 straight- or brached-chain alkyl or alkenyl radical, a phenyl group, a benzyl group, or a halogenated alkyl group; R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are different or the same and are selected from the group including H-, or a C.sub.1 to C.sub.10 straight- or branched-chain alkyl or alkenyl radical, a phenyl group, or a benzyl group, and wherein n is an integer between 0 and 30, inclusive, and methods for their manufacture are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 1983
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1985
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventors: Kenneth B. White, James M. Richmond, Keith D. Stanley
  • Patent number: 4542163
    Abstract: A method for the manufacture of polyisocyanurate foams which comprises blending a "B" side with an "A" side that includes an isocyanate. The "B" side comprises a polyester polyol, an amine/quaternary ammonium borate ester blend, a surfactant, a blowing agent, and a metal catalyst in amounts of up to 20% by weight of the total weight of the "B" side. The "B" side remains a homogeneous liquid for at least one day without the need for agitation and the foam formed by this method has a friability not exceeding 30%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1984
    Date of Patent: September 17, 1985
    Assignee: Akzona Incorporated
    Inventors: Kenneth B. White, William J. Largent
  • Patent number: D282578
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1983
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1986
    Assignee: Organon Teknika Corporation
    Inventors: Lynn R. Humphreys, David Barone, Frank C. Baker, III, Ty S. Bowers, John E. Jamieson