Patents Represented by Attorney George L. Rushton
  • Patent number: 4853000
    Abstract: The cleaning and polishing composition for metals described herein comprises (a) a flour component, (b) a mineral spirits component, and (c) an abrasive component. The abrasive component comprises various combinations of aluminum oxide, ferric oxide, and chromic oxide, along with various animal fats, tallow glycerides, process oils, and wetting agents. Various metals and alloys, such as aluminum, magnesium, gold, silver, brass, copper, stainless steel, and chromium can be cleaned and polished by these compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 1, 1989
    Inventor: John L. Potter
  • Patent number: 4703797
    Abstract: A method for sweep improvement during enhanced oil recovery in a subterranean oil-bearing formation concerns the generation of foam by the dispersion of the displacing fluid in an aqueous solution of a mixed surfactant system. The mixed surfactant system comprises a lignosulfonate foaming agent and a surfactant foaming agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1987
    Assignee: Cities Service Co.
    Inventor: Nizar F. Djabbarah
  • Patent number: 4517101
    Abstract: In a polymer flood, where bacterial contamination frequently causes a loss in viscosity of the polymer, the viscosity of the polymer solution is maintained by the use of a xanthan polymer modified by methylation of a portion of the subunit sugar residues of the xanthan base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 14, 1985
    Inventors: David Williams, Douglas M. Munnecke
  • Patent number: 4501445
    Abstract: In-situ hydrogenation of an underground coal formation is carried out by fracturing the formation and sealing it, to provide an in-situ reactor site. Then a liquid solvent stream and a gaseous hydrogen stream are introduced into the fractured formation, allowing reaction and conversion of the coal to lighter, hydrogenated components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1983
    Date of Patent: February 26, 1985
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventor: Armand A. Gregoli
  • Patent number: 4469018
    Abstract: To cover a foundation vent opening in a building having applied siding, a rectangular piece of siding is sized to fit the opening, insulation is attached to the rear or inside of the siding piece, and mounting flanges are used to secure the closure in the opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1982
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1984
    Inventor: Noel W. Taulman
  • Patent number: 4463988
    Abstract: A process for in situ recovery of a tar sand deposit located beneath the earth's surface. A number of boreholes are drilled laterally from subsurface tunnels into the lower portion of the tar sands formation. Initially as a displacing means such as steam is injected into the boreholes, the tar sands become viscous and gravity flow into the bottom of the boreholes. Continuing to apply steam removes the tar sand deposits located in interstitial crevices between the boreholes thereby allowing the steam to flow laterally through these interstitial crevices to nearby boreholes. The steam rises toward the upper portion of the resource formation to create a horizontal heated plane of steam to further remove tar sand deposits located therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1982
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1984
    Assignee: Cities Service Co.
    Inventors: Larry S. Bouck, Erhan Ozey, Richard E. Worsham
  • Patent number: 4452091
    Abstract: A purgable soil gas probe for removing small quantities of gases from the earth's soil to determine the presence of hydrocarbon deposits nearby. A removable evacuated container is attached to the upper end of the probe to withdraw soil gas through the probe into the container. A device such as a stop cock regulates the flow of external gases into the probe. The probe is purged by attaching a first evacuated container to withdraw any contaminating gases within the probe, and then replacing it with a second evacuated container to withdraw the soil gases to be analyzed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1982
    Date of Patent: June 5, 1984
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventor: David M. Richers
  • Patent number: 4452234
    Abstract: An apparatus for collecting solar energy and converting it to electrical energy utilizing solar panels pivotally mounted to a base such that the panels may be pivoted to a storage position inside said base. Additional solar panels may be pivotally mounted on retractable frame trays which stow inside the base when the panels are pivoted to a horizontal position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1983
    Date of Patent: June 5, 1984
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventor: Eric M. Withjack
  • Patent number: 4444276
    Abstract: The network, useful in conducting fluids to underground sites, is an assembly of flexible pipes or tubes, suspended from and connected to a drill pipe. The flexible pipes, assembled in a bundle, are spring biased to flare outwardly in an arcuate manner when a releasable cap on the distal end of the bundle is removed. The assembled bundle is inserted into and lowered down a bore hole. When the cap is released, the pipes flare radially and outwardly. Fluid, pumped into and through the assembly, can be directed into the underground formation for various purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 24, 1984
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventor: Dewey L. Peterson, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4430457
    Abstract: A cling/stretch wrap film having desirable processing and end use characteristics is made from a composition of 90-97.5 wt. % an ethylene polymer having a melt flow value between 0.2 to 6.0 such as EVA copolymer (4-5 wt. % VA content) and 2.5-10 wt. % low density amorphous copolymer of ethylene and propylene (about 3-5 wt. % ethylene).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1982
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1984
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventor: David V. Dobreski
  • Patent number: 4422317
    Abstract: An apparatus and process for selectively expanding the wall of a tube by compression and subsequent radial expansion of one or more elastomeric bars lodged within longitudinal slots of a bushing positioned inside the tube. Expansion of the elastomeric bars against the inner surface of the tube results in expansion of the tube wall at intermittent locations about the circumference of the tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1982
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1983
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventor: Richard A. Mueller
  • Patent number: 4421943
    Abstract: An apparatus for collecting solar energy and converting it to electrical energy utilizing solar panels pivotally mounted to a base such that the panels may be pivoted to a storage position inside said base. Additional solar panels may be pivotally mounted on retractable frame trays which stow inside the base when the panels are pivoted to a horizontal position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1982
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1983
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventor: Eric M. Withjack
  • Patent number: 4420866
    Abstract: An apparatus and process for expanding a tube at selective points about its circumference to join with another tube. After a segment of a first tube is inserted into a second tube having an end sleeve segment with a larger diameter and wall thickness than the first tube, compression and subsequent radial expansion of one or more elastomeric bars lodged within longitudinal slots of a bushing means locted within the first tube end segment cause the elastomer to radially expand the wall of the first tube. The wall of the first tube expands at selective points against the wall of the second tube in proximity to their respective ends, creating a selective interference fit therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1982
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1983
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventor: Richard A. Mueller
  • Patent number: 4418457
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for joining a tube into a tube sheet opening. After a tube is inserted into a tube sheet opening, compression and subsequent radial expansion of an elastomeric material inside the tube causes the elastomer to radially expand the tube wall creating an interference fit between the tube and inner wall of the tube sheet opening. A portion of the elastomer positioned exterior to the tube sheet face expands to a greater radial diameter than the portion of the elastomer within the tube sheet opening resulting in radial expansion of the tube wall toward the tube sheet face to create a sealing effect between the tube and tube sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1982
    Date of Patent: December 6, 1983
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventor: Richard A. Mueller
  • Patent number: 4415431
    Abstract: Oxygen and steam are mixed with partially reacted carbonaceous material within a first stage gasification zone to produce synthesis gas. The hot synthesis gas long with additional carbonaceous material is then reacted in a second stage hydropyrolysis zone. The reaction mixture is rapidly quenched and removed from the second stage thereby limiting the total second stage high temperature exposure time from about two milliseconds to about two seconds. The resultant products comprise char, gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons including high yields of benzene, toluene and xylene, and C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 gases. The first and second stages may consist of two separate reactors or two reactors integrated into a single vessel, each utilizing either an upflow or downflow configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 15, 1983
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventors: Richard S. Matyas, John A. Hamshar
  • Patent number: 4415034
    Abstract: The electrode of an electrode well is formed by inserting a heating device into the borehole and heating the surrounding formation to a temperature at which the hydrocarbon-containing material undergoes thermal cracking, resulting in a coke-like residue surrounding the heater. This conductive and permeable carbonized material serves as an electrode of enlarged radius for further electroheating of the formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 15, 1983
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventor: Larry S. Bouck
  • Patent number: 4412585
    Abstract: In a pair of electrode wells to be developed for injection and production wells for the electrothermal process for recovering heavy hydrocarbons, the electrodes are formed by inserting a heating device in each borehole and heating the surrounding formation to a temperature at which the hydrocarbon-containing material undergoes thermal cracking, resulting in a coke-like residue surrounding the heater. This conductive and permeable material serves as an electrode, for each well, by which the formation is heated. The heavy hydrocarbon material, such as bitumen found in tar sands, becomes mobile and can be recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 1, 1983
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventor: Larry S. Bouck
  • Patent number: 4411871
    Abstract: An apparatus, for the rapid heating and subsequent reaction of carbonaceous material and hydrogen, comprising a cylindrical reactor shell; a first inlet conduit, coaxial with the shell, terminating inside the shell and having the terminal discharge end covered with a metal that resists carbide formation which leads to plugging; a second inlet conduit whose discharge end is in proximity to the discharge end of the first conduit; and suitable insulation means between the first and second conduits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1981
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1983
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventors: Arthur F. Gulbrandsen, Uriel M. Oko
  • Patent number: 4406499
    Abstract: Bitumen is recovered from an underground tar sands (oil sands) formation by an in-situ percolation process. After drilling a borehole to the bottom of the tar sand formation, the hole is enlarged by radially hydraulic jetting, with the resultant slurry being removed to the surface. Then, the main body of the formation immediately surrounding the borehold is fragmented and slurried, forming a cell or chamber for in-situ processing. A system of small diameter, specially designed, flexible, perforated metal pipes is then introduced through the slurry mixture to the bottom of the chamber. As designed, the pipes flare radially outward as they descend, resulting in a set of pipes resting on or near the bottom of the chamber, pointing outwardly from the central pipe like wheel spokes. Processing material, such a hot alkaline water, is pressured through the pipe system and percolates upwardly through the slurry mixture, separating the bitumen from the sand matrix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1981
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1983
    Assignee: Cities Service Company
    Inventor: Erdal Yildirim
  • Patent number: 4391789
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of making a carbon black product having a controllable aggregate particle size distribution comprising forming in a first zone of the carbon black reactor combustion gases at a high temperature and having a gradient of increasing turbulence in the downstream direction, injecting substantially radially into the first zone a carbon black feedstock into more than one of the "zones of increasing turbulence" before the gases reach maximum turbulence, cracking the feedstock to carbon black in a second (reaction) zone, quenching the carbon black reaction, and collecting the carbon black product. Also discussed is a method for making a carbon black product having varying physical characteristics as a result of modifying reaction kinetics at any position of oil injection into the "zones of turbulence".
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1983
    Assignee: Columbian Chemicals Company
    Inventor: Earl J. Estopinal