Patents Represented by Attorney Henry D. Pahl, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6018812
    Abstract: Wafer scale integrated circuitry which uses a cluster of wafer components, each component having a plurality of processing elements and a network element connected thereto for controlling the transfer of information to and from the processing elements. The network element is connected to network elements of other wafer components of the cluster for controlling the transfer of information to and from such other network elements. One or more redundant groups of processing elements are formed on the wafer components of the cluster, each redundant group being configured so that the processing elements in the group reside on different ones of the wafer components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2000
    Assignee: 501 Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc.
    Inventors: John J. Deyst, Jr., Richard E. Harper, Jaynarayan H. Lala
  • Patent number: 6002317
    Abstract: In the switchable magnet system disclosed herein, a central pole piece is backed by at least two permanent magnets having substantially different energies (H.sub.c) so that one of the magnets is relatively switchable or reversible and the other is not. A magnetically permeable frame provides a peripheral pole face at least on either side of the central pole face and a backing plate bridging the central pole piece over the permanent magnets. A coil surrounds the first and second permanent magnets inside of the peripheral pole face. According, energization of the coil in one direction can reverse the polarization of the first magnet, thereby effectively short circuiting flux produced by the second magnet and terminating holding, while energization of the coil in the opposite direction can polarize the first magnet in parallel with the second magnet, thereby to effect holding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1999
    Assignee: Walker Magnetics Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Dominic F. Pignataro
  • Patent number: 5984498
    Abstract: Featured is a device controller in a system having a multiplicity of such controllers and a conveying system and method for controlling a multiplicity of devices using such controllers. Each controller includes a plurality of bi-directional communications ports, a processor that processes information and provides outputs, where at least one output controls the device, and an applications program for execution within the processor that includes instructions and criteria for processing the information and providing the processor outputs. Specifically, the applications program includes instructions and criteria for communicating information between and among controllers; instructions and criteria for processing information received by a controller; and instructions and criteria for modifying the operation of a device responsive to the communicated information. For a conveying system having a multiplicity of conveying sections, a controller is provided for each section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1999
    Assignee: Quantum Conveyor Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Hans J. Lem, Richard J. Bowman
  • Patent number: 5959455
    Abstract: The fluid conductivity sensor disclosed herein is adapted for the non-contacting measurement of fluid conductivity and utilizes first and second insulating tubes, each of which is provided with both the driving transformer and the sensing transformer. The sensor is immersed in the fluid to be tested so that the tubes fill with the fluid. The driving transformer's are oppositely poled so that the current induced in one tube tends to return through the other tube. Shrouds are provided which link the corresponding ends of the tubes and operate to obstruct in-fluid current flow not linking both of the tubes. Accordingly the influence of objects nearby in the fluid is substantially eliminated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1999
    Assignee: Falmouth Scientific, Inc.
    Inventor: Neil L. Brown
  • Patent number: 5925001
    Abstract: This invention relates to a device and method for determining the metabolic energy expenditure by a human during periods of running or walking. The energy expenditure is correlated with the weight of the subject (W) divided by the time of foot contact with a hard surface (t). This relationship can be programmed into a portable device for the direct measurement of both the rate of energy expenditure and the total energy expended.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1999
    Inventors: Reed W. Hoyt, John F. Lanza
  • Patent number: 5920469
    Abstract: The DC power supply disclosed herein is adapted to be energized from AC supply mains and incorporates a DC to DC switching inverter provided with an energy storage or filter capacitor for supplying an input voltage to the inverter. The capacitor is charged from the AC supply mains through a rectifier. A semiconductor switching device is interposed between the AC supply mains and the capacitor. A sensing circuit actuates the switching device to disconnect the capacitor from the supply mains when the voltage applied to the capacitor exceeds a pre-selected level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1999
    Inventor: Philip C. Harvey
  • Patent number: 5899810
    Abstract: The distributed game system disclosed herein provides for interacting play between multiple users, even though the users are interconnected with a host computer through a data communication network having appreciable latency. The host computer supports a program for tracking and coordinating the definitive state of the game. The computers employed by each of the users support at least two types of program components, a display component and an interaction component. The interaction component is responsive to at least two kinds of user input, goal input which identifies user proxy movement within a virtual world and impact input which identifies direct interaction between the inputting user's proxy and the proxy of an identified other user. Goal input is interpreted by the host computer which distributes to all users information defining a plan of movement for the inputting user's proxy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1999
    Assignee: Kaon Interactive Corporation
    Inventor: Joshua E. Smith
  • Patent number: 5796849
    Abstract: An active noise and vibration control system is constructed such that the residual signal from the residual sensor is fed back into the controller and used to generate the probe signal. Measurements of the residual signal are used to create a related signal, which has the same magnitude spectrum as the residual signal, but which is phase-uncorrelated with the residual signal. This latter signal is filtered by a shaping filter and attenuated to produce the desired probe signal. The characteristics of the shaping filter and the attenuator are chosen such that when the probe signal is filtered by the plant transfer function, its contribution to the magnitude spectrum of the residual signal is uniformly below the measured magnitude spectrum of the residual by a prescribed amount (for example, 6 dB) over the entire involved frequency range. The probe signal is then used to obtain a current estimate of the plant transfer function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1998
    Assignee: Bolt, Beranek and Newman Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald Bruce Coleman, Bill Gene Watters, Roy Allen Westerberg
  • Patent number: 5791143
    Abstract: The hydraulic control system disclosed herein employs a pair of combination poppet/spool valves to control the operation of a hydraulic cylinder driven from a bidirectional pump. Flow introduced through the source port of one valve lifts the poppet of the other valve on its way to one side of the cylinder which in turn opens a throttling port to modulate return flow from the other side of the cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1998
    Inventor: J. Robert Glomeau
  • Patent number: 5749734
    Abstract: A mathematical teaching apparatus comprising block elements having a front and back side, including indentations and protrusions to allow the blocks elements to stack. The block elements are inserted into a block element sleeve, which hold 10 stacked block elements. Block element sleeves are also stacked and inserted into a large sleeve, which holds 10 stacked block element sleeves. Block element sleeves also include indentations and protrusion to allow stacking. All three units are counted by counting devices which provide an indication of the number of units of each type present. The counting devices also signal when 10 block elements or 10 block element sleeves are inserted, signalling to a user that the blocks or sleeves should be inserted into a next-larger size sleeve. The mathematical teaching apparatus allows children to learn the concepts of number magnitude, addition and subtraction, including carrying and borrowing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1998
    Inventor: Elon Kohlberg
  • Patent number: 5734649
    Abstract: In the data packet router disclosed herein, a matrix of crosspoint switch elements connects data sources to selected destinations during each of a succession of intervals. Allocation of switch elements to desired connections is accomplished by a process which provides a data array having a number of data elements corresponding to the number of switch elements. During each interval, a source is assigned to each of the data elements in accordance with a first current pseudo-random shuffle pattern and a respective destination is assigned to each of the data elements in accordance with a second current pseudo-random shuffle pattern. A new set of shuffle patterns is generated during each interval. An incremental testing is performed across the data array to locate matches not previously allocated and each match found is successively allocated to this switch element corresponding to the data element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1998
    Assignee: BBN Corporation
    Inventors: Philip P. Carvey, Thomas F. Clarke
  • Patent number: 5699357
    Abstract: The data network disclosed herein utilizes low duty cycle pulsed radio frequency energy to effect bidirectional wireless data communication between a server microcomputer unit and a plurality of peripheral units, each of which is intended to be carried on the person of the microcomputer user. By establishing a tightly synchronized common time base between the units and by the use of sparse codes, timed in relation to the common time base, low power consumption and avoidance of interference between nearby similar systems is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1997
    Assignee: BBN Corporation
    Inventor: Philip P. Carvey
  • Patent number: 5684924
    Abstract: A speech recognition system is disclosed which comprises a core speech recognition program and a plurality of utility program modules for adjusting various recognition parameters such as gain, sensitivity and acceptance threshold and for improving the training of word models. The system further provides a decision tree and utility controlling program module which can be invoked by a user confronting problems during the running of the core program. The system utilizes user input to traverse the decision tree and to initiate appropriate ones of the utility program modules thereby to alter the on-going behavior of the core recognition program.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 4, 1997
    Assignee: Kurzweil Applied Intelligence, Inc.
    Inventors: Barbara Ann Stanley, Mary-Marshall Teel, Susan Rousmaniere Avery, Vladimir Sejnoha
  • Patent number: 5684973
    Abstract: An expandable memory system and a method for operating a memory system having a variable number of memory banks are described. The memory system can utilize a variable number of separately replaceable memory banks which can be implemented with memory element, such as dynamic random access memory chips, which are of differing speeds and or sizes. The memory system implements an interleaving of memory addresses among the memory banks as a function of the number of banks actually present so that successive memory accesses are not unnecessarily delayed by the recovery times of the memory elements. The memory system includes a programmable address decoder having a writable memory which provides bank address signals. Each of the banks includes a respective delay line for providing an output signal a respective presettable time after address signals are received by that bank for signalling to the host that data is ready to be transferred.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 4, 1997
    Assignee: Data General Corporation
    Inventors: Timothy J. Sullivan, Cynthia J. Burns, Albert T. Andrade, Ralph C. Frangioso, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5682464
    Abstract: In the large vocabulary speech recognition system disclosed herein, a preliminary screening of vocabulary models is provided by applying high speed distance measuring functions. The distance measuring functions utilize subsampled or otherwise reduced representations of the unknown speech segment and the vocabulary models. The initial screening functions achieve very high speed by precalculating, for each utterance, a comparison table of distance values which can be used for all vocabulary models. The building of each comparison table is facilitated by a method which utilizes default values as initial entries and only adjusts entries which are meaningfully different from the default value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1997
    Assignee: Kurzweil Applied Intelligence, Inc.
    Inventor: Vladimir Sejnoha
  • Patent number: 5677991
    Abstract: In the speech recognition system disclosed herein, an input utterance is submitted to both a large vocabulary isolated word speech recognition module and a small vocabulary continuous speech recognition module. The two recognition modules generate respective scores for identified large vocabulary models and for sequences of small vocabulary models. The score provided by the continuous speech recognizer is normalized on the basis of the length of the speech input utterance and an arbitration algorithm selects among the candidates identified by the recognition modules. Preferably, the competing scores from the two recognizers are scaled by a factor or factors empirically trained to minimize incursion by each of the vocabularies on correct results from the other vocabulary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 14, 1997
    Assignee: Kurzweil Applied Intelligence, Inc.
    Inventors: Dong Hsu, Harley M. Rosnow, Vladimir Sejnoha, Brian H. Wilson
  • Patent number: 5676237
    Abstract: The tracking signal generating device disclosed herein is adapted to be utilized between successive conveying sections in which articles are transported at a nominal height. A resilient suspension supports an elongate roller so that it projects above the nominal height of the conveying sections in the absence of an article being transported, but is deflected downwardly by the passage of an article from one section to the next. A sensor responsive to the downward deflection provides a signal indicating the presence of an article and an encoder driven by rotation of the roller generates signals indicating the length of an article passing the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 14, 1997
    Assignee: Quantum Conveyor Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Hans J. Lem
  • Patent number: 5673236
    Abstract: The underwater sound projector disclosed herein employs, as radiating surfaces or pistons, stiff, lightweight panels whose mass is substantially less than the inertial component of the radiation impedance over the operating frequency range. The panels are driven in opposition by a plurality of linear actuators, e.g., piezoelectric stacks, distributed essentially uniformly over the panels so that each stack drives an essentially equal area of the panel and flexing of the panel is avoided. The compliance reactance of the actuators is made to cancel the inertial reactance of the radiation impedance at all frequencies within an at least decade-wide frequency band. In this way, operation, similar to resonance with its high efficiency, is achieved continuously over a wide frequency band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 30, 1997
    Assignee: BBN Corporation
    Inventor: James E. Barger
  • Patent number: 5671426
    Abstract: The electronic dictionary disclosed herein is organized for expeditious search based on partial spelling by assigning words to blocks having a predetermined maximum size, the blocks being represented by respective partial spelling sequencer. The words are assigned to blocks by progressing through successive possible sequences in order and, for each sequence, determining the number of words in the set of words corresponding to that sequence. If the number of words is less than the maximum, all of the words in the set are assigned to a corresponding terminal block. Otherwise words up to a preselected number are assigned to a non-terminal block and the partial spelling sequence is extended. As a result of the organization only one call to the dictionary needs to be made for each extension of the sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1997
    Assignee: Kurzweil Applied Intelligence, Inc.
    Inventor: John Armstrong, III
  • Patent number: D386856
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 25, 1997
    Inventors: Celeste Cefalu, Anthony Cefalu