Patents Represented by Attorney, Agent or Law Firm Henry P. Sartorio
  • Patent number: 6957573
    Abstract: A Vadose Zone Water Fluxmeter (WFM) or Direct Measurement WFM provides direct measurement of unsaturated water flow in the vadose zone. The fluxmeter is a cylindrical device that fits in a borehole or can be installed near the surface, or in pits, or in pile structures. The fluxmeter is primarily a combination of tensiometers and a porous element or plate in a water cell that is used for water injection or extraction under field conditions. The same water pressure measured outside and inside of the soil sheltered by the lower cylinder of the fluxmeter indicates that the water flux through the lower cylinder is similar to the water flux in the surrounding soil. The fluxmeter provides direct measurement of the water flow rate in the unsaturated soils and then determines the water flux, i.e. the water flow rate per unit area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2005
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Boris A. Faybishenko
  • Patent number: 6924493
    Abstract: A maskless plasma-formed ion beam lithography tool provides for patterning of sub-50 nm features on large area flat or curved substrate surfaces. The system is very compact and does not require an accelerator column and electrostatic beam scanning components. The patterns are formed by switching beamlets on or off from a two electrode blanking system with the substrate being scanned mechanically in one dimension. This arrangement can provide a maskless nano-beam lithography tool for economic and high throughput processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2005
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Ka-Ngo Leung
  • Patent number: 6923505
    Abstract: An ergonomic arm support system maintains a neutral position for the forearm. A mechanical support structure attached to a chair or other mounting structure supports the arms of a sitting or standing person. The system includes moving elements and tensioning elements to provide a dynamic balancing force against the forearms. The support structure is not fixed or locked in a rigid position, but is an active dynamic system that is maintained in equipoise by the continuous operation of the opposing forces. The support structure includes an armrest connected to a flexible linkage or articulated or pivoting assembly, which includes a tensioning element such as a spring. The pivoting assembly moves up and down, with the tensioning element providing the upward force that balances the downward force of the arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2005
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Michael J Siminovitch, Jeffrey Y Chung, Steven Dellinges, Robin E Lafever
  • Patent number: 6922019
    Abstract: A compact microwave ion source has a permanent magnet dipole field, a microwave launcher, and an extractor parallel to the source axis. The dipole field is in the form of a ring. The microwaves are launched from the middle of the dipole ring using a coaxial waveguide. Electrons are heated using ECR in the magnetic field. The ions are extracted from the side of the source from the middle of the dipole perpendicular to the source axis. The plasma density can be increased by boosting the microwave ion source by the addition of an RF antenna. Higher charge states can be achieved by increasing the microwave frequency. A xenon source with a magnetic pinch can be used to produce intense EUV radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2005
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Ka-Ngo Leung, Jani Reijonen, Rainer W. Thomae
  • Patent number: 6907097
    Abstract: A cylindrical neutron generator is formed with a coaxial RF-driven plasma ion source and target. A deuterium (or deuterium and tritium) plasma is produced by RF excitation in a cylindrical plasma ion generator using an RF antenna. A cylindrical neutron generating target is coaxial with the ion generator, separated by plasma and extraction electrodes which contain many slots. The plasma generator emanates ions radially over 360° and the cylindrical target is thus irradiated by ions over its entire circumference. The plasma generator and target may be as long as desired. The plasma generator may be in the center and the neutron target on the outside, or the plasma generator may be on the outside and the target on the inside. In a nested configuration, several concentric targets and plasma generating regions are nested to increase the neutron flux.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Ka-Ngo Leung
  • Patent number: 6904366
    Abstract: A control system and method for determining optimal fluid injection pressure is based upon a model of a growing hydrofracture due to waterflood injection pressure. This model is used to develop a control system optimizing the injection pressure by using a prescribed injection goal coupled with the historical times, pressures, and volume of injected fluid at a single well. In this control method, the historical data is used to derive two major flow components: the transitional component, where cumulative injection volume is scaled as the square root of time, and a steady-state breakthrough component, which scales linearly with respect to time. These components provide diagnostic information and allow for the prevention of rapid fracture growth and associated massive water break through that is an important part of a successful waterflood, thereby extending the life of both injection and associated production wells in waterflood secondary oil recovery operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2005
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Tadeusz Wiktor Patzek, Dimitriy Borisovich Silin, Asoke Kumar De
  • Patent number: 6888146
    Abstract: A maskless micro-ion-beam reduction lithography system is a system for projecting patterns onto a resist layer on a wafer with feature size down to below 100 nm. The MMRL system operates without a stencil mask. The patterns are generated by switching beamlets on and off from a two electrode blanking system or pattern generator. The pattern generator controllably extracts the beamlet pattern from an ion source and is followed by a beam reduction and acceleration column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2005
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Ka-Ngo Leung, William A. Barletta, David O. Patterson, Richard A. Gough
  • Patent number: 6885192
    Abstract: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signals are detected in microtesla fields. Prepolarization in millitesla fields is followed by detection with an untuned de superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometer. Because the sensitivity of the SQUID is frequency independent, both signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and spectral resolution are enhanced by detecting the NMR signal in extremely low magnetic fields, where the NMR lines become very narrow even for grossly inhomogeneous measurement fields. MRI in ultralow magnetic field is based on the NMR at ultralow fields. Gradient magnetic fields are applied, and images are constructed from the detected NMR signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2005
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: John Clarke, Robert McDermott, Alexander Pines, Andreas Heinz Trabesinger
  • Patent number: 6781426
    Abstract: A pulse shaper is implemented in monolithic CMOS with a delay unit formed of a unity gain buffer. The shaper is formed of a difference amplifier having one input connected directly to an input signal and a second input connected to a delayed input signal through the buffer. An elementary cell is based on the pulse shaper and a timing circuit which gates the output of an integrator connected to the pulse shaper output. A detector readout system is formed of a plurality of elementary cells, each connected to a pixel of a pixel array, or to a microstrip of a plurality of microstrips, or to a detector segment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2004
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Vitali V. Souchkov
  • Patent number: 6768120
    Abstract: An electron beam system is based on a plasma generator in a plasma ion source with an accelerator column. The electrons are extracted from a plasma cathode in a plasma ion source, e.g. a multicusp plasma ion source. The beam can be scanned in both the x and y directions, and the system can be operated with multiple beamlets. A compact focused ion or electron beam system has a plasma ion source and an all-electrostatic beam acceleration and focusing column. The ion source is a small chamber with the plasma produced by radio-frequency (RF) induction discharge. The RF antenna is wound outside the chamber and connected to an RF supply. Ions or electrons can be extracted from the source. A multi-beam system has several sources of different species and an electron beam source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2004
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Ka-Ngo Leung, Jani Reijonen, Arun Persaud, Qing Ji, Ximan Jiang
  • Patent number: 6636046
    Abstract: A miniaturized electrical resistivity (ER) probe based on a known current-voltage (I-V) electrode structure, the Wenner array, is designed for local (point) measurement. A pair of voltage measuring electrodes are positioned between a pair of current carrying electrodes. The electrodes are typically about 1 cm long, separated by 1 cm, so the probe is only about 1 inch long. The electrodes are mounted to a rigid tube with electrical wires in the tube and a sand bag may be placed around the electrodes to protect the electrodes. The probes can be positioned in a borehole or on the surface. The electrodes make contact with the surrounding medium. In a dual mode system, individual probes of a plurality of spaced probes can be used to measure local resistance, i.e. point measurements, but the system can select different probes to make interval measurements between probes and between boreholes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Ki Ha Lee, Alex Becker, Boris A. Faybishenko, Ray D. Solbau
  • Patent number: 6604941
    Abstract: Refractory ceramics and composite materials consisting of nitrides, mixed nitrides and oxides, and oxynitrides of Group IV metals Hf, Zr, Ti, and Group III metals Sc, Y, and lanthanides La through Lu, are used to form refractory articles, or as coatings for refractory articles. These materials and articles have high resistance to molten metals, molten salts, erosion, and high temperature corrosive environments, and can be engineered to have desirable thermal and electrical properties. In particular the articles are crucibles, molds, containment vessels, and spray nozzles, and most particularly these articles are made of or coated with the Hf compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2003
    Inventor: Garth W. Billings
  • Patent number: 6583522
    Abstract: In a readily switchable multiple solar panel system, the individual solar panels are interconnected with a control or switching apparatus which allows the solar panels to be readily switched into various series, parallel, or series-parallel configurations. With a relay based switching apparatus, a relay is connected between a pair of solar panels, so that in a first state, the panels are in series where the total voltage is the sum of each individual panel's voltage. When the relay is switched to the second state, each solar panel is in parallel, where the total voltage is a single panel's voltage and the current is multiplied by the number of panels. Multiple panels can be connected in this manner, with a relay between each successive pair of panels. With each relay connected in a parallel arrangement, a simple control switch in series with the relay coils can control the panel switching. The coil of each relay can also be individually controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2003
    Assignee: WorldWater Corp.
    Inventors: Thomas C. McNulty, Anand Rangarajan
  • Patent number: 6573510
    Abstract: Ions, particularly molecular ions with multiple dopant nucleons per ion, are produced by charge exchange. An ion source contains a minimum of two regions separated by a physical barrier and utilizes charge exchange to enhance production of a desired ion species. The essential elements are a plasma chamber for production of ions of a first species, a physical separator, and a charge transfer chamber where ions of the first species from the plasma chamber undergo charge exchange or transfer with the reactant atom or molecules to produce ions of a second species. Molecular ions may be produced which are useful for ion implantation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2003
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Michael C. Vella
  • Patent number: 6548817
    Abstract: A cathodic arc plasma source has an anode formed of a plurality of spaced baffles which extend beyond the active cathode surface of the cathode. With the open baffle structure of the anode, most macroparticles pass through the gaps between the baffles and reflect off the baffles out of the plasma stream that enters a filter. Thus the anode not only has an electrical function but serves as a prefilter. The cathode has a small diameter, e.g. a rod of about ¼ inch (6.25 mm) diameter. Thus the plasma source output is well localized, even with cathode spot movement which is limited in area, so that it effectively couples into a miniaturized filter. With a small area cathode, the material eroded from the cathode needs to be replaced to maintain plasma production. Therefore, the source includes a cathode advancement or feed mechanism coupled to cathode rod. The cathode also requires a cooling mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2003
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Andre Anders, Robert A. MacGill
  • Patent number: 6538262
    Abstract: The present invention comprises a new nanoscale metal-semiconductor, semiconductor-semiconductor, or metal-metal junction, designed by introducing topological or chemical defects in the atomic structure of the nanotube. Nanotubes comprising adjacent sections having differing electrical properties are described. These nanotubes can be constructed from combinations of carbon, boron, nitrogen and other elements. The nanotube can be designed having different indices on either side of a junction point in a continuous tube so that the electrical properties on either side of the junction vary in a useful fashion. For example, the inventive nanotube may be electrically conducting on one side of a junction and semiconducting on the other side. An example of a semiconductor-metal junction is a Schottky barrier. Alternatively, the nanotube may exhibit different semiconductor properties on either side of the junction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2003
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Vincent Henry Crespi, Marvin Lou Cohen, Steven Gwon Sheng Louie, Alexander Karlwalter Zettl
  • Patent number: 6486480
    Abstract: A plasma-formed ion-beam projection lithography (IPL) system eliminates the acceleration stage between the ion source and stencil mask of a conventional IPL system. Instead a much thicker mask is used as a beam forming or extraction electrode, positioned next to the plasma in the ion source. Thus the entire beam forming electrode or mask is illuminated uniformly with the source plasma. The extracted beam passes through an acceleration and reduction stage onto the resist coated wafer. Low energy ions, about 30 eV, pass through the mask, minimizing heating, scattering, and sputtering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2002
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Ka-Ngo Leung, Yung-Hee Yvette Lee, Vinh Ngo, Nastaran Zahir
  • Patent number: 6465780
    Abstract: Cathodic arc plasmas are contaminated with macroparticles. A variety of magnetic plasma filters has been used with various success in removing the macroparticles from the plasma. An open-architecture, bent solenoid filter, with additional field coils at the filter entrance and exit, improves macroparticle filtering. In particular, a double-bent filter that is twisted out of plane forms a very compact and efficient filter. The coil turns further have a flat cross-section to promote macroparticle reflection out of the filter volume. An output conditioning system formed of an expander coil, a straightener coil, and a homogenizer, may be used with the magnetic filter for expanding the filtered plasma beam to cover a larger area of the target. A cathodic arc plasma deposition system using this filter can be used for the deposition of ultrathin amorphous hard carbon (a-C) films for the magnetic storage industry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2002
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Andre Anders, Robert A. MacGill, Marcela M. M. Bilek, Ian G. Brown
  • Patent number: 6465793
    Abstract: A “triggerless” arc initiation method and apparatus is based on simply switching the arc supply voltage to the electrodes (anode and cathode). Neither a mechanical trigger electrode nor a high voltage flashover from a trigger electrode is required. A conducting path between the anode and cathode is provided, which allows a hot spot to form at a location where the path connects to the cathode. While the conductive path is eroded by the cathode spot action, plasma deposition ensures the ongoing repair of the conducting path. Arc initiation is achieved by simply applying the relatively low voltage of the arc power supply, e.g. 500 V-1 kV, with the insulator between the anode and cathode coated with a conducting layer and the current at the layer-cathode interface concentrated at one or a few contact points. The local power density at these contact points is sufficient for plasma production and thus arc initiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2002
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Andre Anders
  • Patent number: 6398384
    Abstract: A double lamp table or floor lamp lighting system has a pair of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or other lamps arranged vertically, i.e. one lamp above the other, with a reflective septum in between. By selectively turning on one or both of the CFLs, down lighting, up lighting, or both up and down lighting is produced. The control system can also vary the light intensity from each CFL. The reflective septum ensures that almost all the light produced by each lamp will be directed into the desired light distribution pattern which is selected and easily changed by the user. In a particular configuration, the reflective septum is bowl shaped, with the upper CFL sitting in the bowl, and a luminous shade hanging down from the bowl. The lower CFL provides both task lighting and uniform shade luminance. Planar compact fluorescent lamps, e.g. circular CFLs, particularly oriented horizontally, are preferable. CFLs provide energy efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2002
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Michael J. Siminovitch, Erik R. Page