Abstract: A stable solution of an aromatic polyamic acid of controlled molecular weight, of the type capable of being converted to polyimides, which undergoes relatively little change in viscosity or gelling over extended periods of time at room temperature. Such solution may be prepared by reacting impure aromatic dianhydride with aromatic diamine in a suitable solvent where the ratio of active aromatic diamines is approximately equimolar. Such solution may also be prepared by a two step process which comprises:Step I-Reacting a dianhydride of high purity (99+%) with a diamine in a molar ratio of about 0.95/1 dianhydride/diamine to yield a viscosity below about 10,000 cps, for example from about 2,000 to 6,000 at about a 10-15% solution.Step II-Then adding to I about 0.05 mole of a less pure dianhydride such as from about 97-99% pure dianhydride to yield a 10-15% solution of polyamic acid having a viscosity of about 10,000 cps.
Abstract: This invention relates to a process of reducing 2,4,5-trialkyl 2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrimidine and/or 2,5,6,8,9-pentaalkyl 1,3,7-triazabicyclo (3,3,1) non-3-enes to yield 2,4,5-trialkylhexahydropyrimides and/or 2,4,5,6-tetraalkyl-5-(2-azoalkyl) hexahydropyrimidines; and to the cleavage of the above reduced products so as to convert the above hexahydropyrimides from cyclic amines to corresponding linear diamines and triamines. This invention also relates to the products produced by the processes.
Abstract: This invention relates to 5-hydroperoxy and/or 5-hydroxy derivatives of 2,2,4,4-dipentamethylene 5,6-tetramethylene 2,3,4,5-tetrahydropyrimidines; and to the preparation thereof. The compounds of this invention have utility as corrosion inhibitors.
Abstract: This invention relates to the demulsification of surfactant petroleum water flood emulsions which comprises treating such emulsions with a demulsifier in conjunction with an amine, preferably a polyalkylenepolyamine.
Abstract: A process of preparing sulfur-containing compositions which comprises reacting hexahydrotriazines, or the precursors thereof, with sulfur or sulfur-containing compounds. The products of the reaction are useful as corrosion inhibitors. Additionally, ketones or the reaction products of ketones and ammonia are reacted with sulfur or sulfur-containing compounds to yield corrosion inhibitors.
Abstract: In contrast to hydrocarbon waxes, alpha-olefin waxes can be oxidized with little if any reduction in hardness. The oxidized product can be used as such or further reacted with polyisocyanates to yield isocyanated products. Salts of the isocyanated products (preferably lithium salts) are also prepared which are capable of forming colloidal solutions. These solutions preferably in hydrocarbons have superior film-forming properties when used in polishes, thus yielding when applied to a surface a finish of high gloss, durability, protection, etc. The isocyanated products and salts thereof when employed in carbon paper inks yield a carbon paper having superior properties.
Abstract: This invention relates to silicon-containing thiazines and to the process of preparing them. These are illustrated by the following formulae: ##STR1## where R and R' are substituted groups, for example hydrocarbon groups such as alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, etc.; A is alkylene, Z is a sulfur-containing group such as S, SO, SO.sub.2 and X is an anion.These compositions have a wide variety of uses including their use as corrosion inhibitors, microbiocides, etc.
Abstract: This invention relates to imides of .alpha.-olefin-maleic copolymers and to blends of imides of .alpha.-olefin-maleic copolymer and .alpha.-olefin-sulfur dioxide copolymers; and to systems, such as hydrocarbon fuels, containing such compositions as antistatic agents.
Abstract: This invention relates to the removal of organic deposits containing asphaltenic compounds from surfaces with hydrocarbon-substituted arylsulfonic acids such as alkaryl sulfonic acids; a composition comprising a mixture of:(1) an aromatic hydrocarbon, and(2) a hydrocarbon-substituted-alkarylsulfonic acid such as an alkaryl sulfonic acid, for example an alkylbenzenesulfonic acid where the alkyl group has at least 5 carbon atoms, for example, from about 5 to 20 carbon atoms can be used for the removal of organic deposits containing asphaltenic compounds from surfaces.
Abstract: This invention relates to the use of polyamines and/or polyamine salts, preferably those having 20 or less amino groups, as demulsifiers. This invention is particularly useful in breaking emulsions formed in surfactant flooding of oil bearing subterranean formations.
Abstract: This invention relates to stable, fluid zinc-containing dispersions and the preparations thereof by the high temperature decomposition of zinc acetate to ZnO in a dispersant-containing fluid, said dispersant being stable at the temperature of decomposition.
Abstract: This invention relates to a process of preparing N,N'-disubstituted methylene phosphonic acids by reacting .alpha.,.omega.-alkylene diamines with essentially 2 equivalents of formaldehyde and phosphorus acid based on replaced nitrogen-bonded hydrogens.This invention also relates to compositions formed by the process and to the uses for these compositions such as for inhibiting scale, etc.
Abstract: This invention relates to the use of silicone-induced hydrocarbon foams as well stimulants, for example as illustrated by their use in fracturing well formations, removal of paraffin in wells, removal of condensate hydrocarbons from blocked gas wells, etc.
Abstract: Non-petroleum organic liquids (fats, animal and vegetable oils, etc.) containing solids (e.g., hydrogenation catalysts) are purified within a unique electrofiltration system wherein the organic liquids are passed through a selected bed material in which is established an intense electric field for removing the solids. Upon solids-fillup of the bed, selective cleaning restores the bed for continued purification of the organic liquid stream. The purified organic liquid stream is monitored for indicating when the selective cleaning of the bed is required. The electrofiltration system, both in a novel electrofilter and process, produces without aging a new organic liquid product having comparable properties to multistep processed prior art organic liquid.
Abstract: Thixotropic high internal phase ratio emulsions containing biologically active agents including biocides, insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, defoliants, desiccants, seed disinfectants, growth regulators, etc., which are useful, for example, in agricultural applications. These emulsions include oily in non-oily and non-oily in oily emulsions having an internal phase of at least 60% but preferably 80-95%.
Abstract: Test, auxiliary and reference electrodes are immersed in a corrodant fluid. The test electrode is cathodically polarized by a cathodic polarization circuit. Peak current flow in the auxiliary electrode is measured and a linear cathodic polarization function is generated by a computer circuit. The test electrode is forwardly and reversely anodically polarized by an anodic polarization circuit. A comparator circuit senses the voltage of the test electrode with respect to the auxiliary electrode during reverse anodic polarization and compares this value to the cathodic polarization function. When the test electrode voltage and cathodic polarization function are equal, an anodic memory circuit stores the value of the current passing through the test electrode. This current is the pitting current which is converted into pitting rate.
January 15, 1982
Date of Patent:
July 26, 1983
William S. Tait, Richard L. Martin, Richard A. Rodgers
Abstract: This invention relates to the following:(a) An amino-containing composition characterized by polymercapto groups,(2) A polyamino-containing composition characterized by mercapto or polymercapto groups,(3) A composition characterized by the presence ofA. a mercapto or polymercapto groups, andB. a nitrogen-containing group characterized by at least one of the following:1. an amido or a polyamido group,2. a cyclic amidine or a polycyclic amidine group,3. an epihalohydrin-derived amino-containing group.This invention also relates to the use of the above compositions as corrosion inhibitors.
November 10, 1981
Date of Patent:
July 12, 1983
Neil E. S. Thompson, Derek Redmore, Bernardus A. Oude Alink, Benjamin T. Outlaw